« ForrigeFortsett »
confederated system, depend, under Providence, dent ! He will then be as thorough going a taon a faithful adherence to those principles, I riffite as the man who voted for the bill of abo. sball ever esteem it a sacred duty, to give them minations of '28, or the equally odious bill of on all occasions my zealous support; and I 2! Why should not Mr. R. support the one would humbly hope that this motive, rather as well as the other? We all know the facility than any other, has led me to accept the nomi- with which he can change his principles and his pation you have tendered.
In '24, Jackson would be a "curse to Accept, gentlemen, for yourselves, my the country ;" but as soon as he saw a majori
. thanks for the kind manner in which you have ty in his favor, the “curse" became suddenly communicated to me, the proceedings of the changed to a blessing ! Only elect Van Buren dignified assembly over which you presided, President, and present the miserable servile of and believe me, with the liveliest regard, your the Enquirer with the robes of office, and then friend and obedient servant.
the tariff would be viewed through a very dif.
M. VAN BUREN. ferent medium ! Like Jackson, it would ac
P. V. DANIEL, JAMES FENNER, JOHN M. BAR. prove durable! But why not resist an uncok-
Archer, Stevenson, and a few hungry office.
hunters shall have lined their pockets out of The recent demonstrations in this State have and the liberties of the south, for the "spoils?".
the public Treasury, and sold their liberties struck terror into the craven heart of the Rich. mond apostate ; and we have no doubt that his but only give them time to make their arrange
. They all admit the tariff to be unconstitutional
; tory blood will soon admonish him that it is time he was "ganging bock again.” Por our ments-spend a few more years in chains-de
liberate first on State conventions ; own part, we are unwilling to use towards this prince of traitors that language--that reproba: vention. Such is the miserable temporising
ten Congress again ; then bold a southera cortion which his base subserviency to men and shameful desertion of principles must arouse in the
lofty feelings of a freeman or the spirit of: recommended by the Enquirer
. Who, with every independent mind. We have read the eloquent denunciations which the patriot pour-imbecile son of a tory father is pursuing, with
man, can contemplate the course which this ed on the slave, “Whose treason like a deadly blight,
out feeling the blood boil within his seins ?
The crouching slave has still the impudence
to hold the following language, notwithstandbut we will not apply them to Mr. Ritchie. Not has been said, indeed, that the majority have
ing his repeated disgraceful tergiversation: "It because his conduct entitles him either to re- determined to fasten this tariff upon us as a per spect or forbearance ; but because bis turpi. manent measure ; but if this should ever be at: tude and shameful truckling place bim below tempted, Virginia will then speak
, and speak the shafts of indignant contempt. It is impos- in a voice that shall not be misunderstood; aye
, sible to speak of so base a counterfeit of every and she will act."
" If this should ever be at thing manly and patriotic, in the language which tempted!” Is it not already done? And no one his character would justify. Some time ago the knows better than Mr. R. that the manufac
tariff was odious ; it was a tax on the south for turers know their interests too well to let go the benefit of the north ; it was an unjust inter. the advantage they bave gained, unless it be to ference with the pursuits of the people;
in a get a better hold." They may make a fusa word, it was clearly unconstitutional; and un ther reduction of duty on the articles of luxu. less it should be reduced by the past session of ry, not produced in this country, and add a Congress to the revenue necessary only to sup- little to those which are consumed by the poor
, port the Government, Mr. Ritchie told his and purchased by the productions of southern readers, that the south would resist. Well, the industry. But instead of relieving, this will session of Congress has passed away, and in- only aggravate the evils of the south Vir: stead of making such a reduction
as Mr. R. ginia was to have spoken by this time Buggested, they have added discriminating fea. and so far as her voice is beard through tures, which render the bill more advantage the Enquirer, what encouragement does she ous to the capitalist , more oppressive to the hold
out to the patriot, writhing under the in poor,and more odious to those honestly opposed glurious exactions of an interested band of moto the principle of protection. But, instead of nopolists, and the still more odious deceptiga sounding the alarm like a faithful centinel, he is of domestic traitors, and " wolves in sheep's singing lullabys to the oppressed. Wait a clothing ?” “She will act!” We fear her aclittle longer, until we see what time and a few tion, under the dictation of an apostate, som more Congresses may do ; we must
struggle of a tory father, would be of a character differto repeal the tariff and save the Union!" Yes, ent from her commanding attitude, when warna only think
of the impudence of the prostitate, ed by the pure inspiring eloquence of a Heary who talks about repealing the tariff, while he and the
unbending spirit of her Lees, Pendle is engaged in slandering and denouncing those tons, Witbes, and Roanes. But we know patriots who are determined speedily to termi- the dastardly spirit, too well, of the creia nate its odious and unjust exactions. Mr. B. ture who
is endeavoring tu betray Virginia into only wants time to make Ms. Van Buren Presi.'the
arms of the manufacturers, to believe citber
in his success or perseverance. He will soon this ticket is one selected by the republican be found retracing his steps, like his country. party; and while you have the right, in comman, after being detected in the pursuit of his mon with all of us, to object to some of the perfelonious intentions.
sons, yet it is your duty, as public journalist,
to publish the ticket for the information of the Mr. Ritchie at his tricks.—Where Mr. Ritchie people, unless you intend to maintain, that the desires to give effect to a falsehood, he usually people must not vote for them, nor even know resorts to one of his numerous correspondents, who are candidates, if you do not approve
them. who are ever ready to manufacture the most As I am perfectly willing my opinions should contradictory statements suited to the purpose be known at the present momentous "crisis of in hand. Thus in his leading article of Friday our political affairs," brought about by the refulast, he quotes from the Augusta Courier what sal of Congress to reduce the tariff to a revenue purports to be a letter from Monticello, in which duly, I shall not be prevented from informing the the writer asserts that Col. Seaborn Jones de- people, even by the objectionable style and clared that he was opposed to nullification. manner of your remarks.
Col. Jones is a candidate for Congress on the It is my opinion, that each STATE HAS TIK Troup ticket, and in a letter addressed to the RIGHT TO JUDGE of the conSTITUTIONALITY of editors of the Georgia Constitutionalist, gives every law of Congress and that each State his own confession of political faith in the fol- has the right to declare every law unconstitulowing terms. Will Mr. Ritchie do us the fa- tional which it believes to be so; and that the vor to say whether he agrees with Col. Jones time and the occasion when this shall be done, upon this question? Yea or nay.
is only a question of expediency. MILLEDGEVILLE Ga. Aug. 6. 1832.
It is my opinion, that the late tariff acts are GENTLEMEN-I have this day seen an edito- unconstitutional, unequal in their operation, rial notice, (in your paper of the 3d inst.) in- unjust and oppressive, and since the refusal forming the public
, that you will not again of Congress to reduce the duties on imports to .publish the republican ticket for Congress, un
the revenue demand, we have no reasonable til "you have better assurances than you now hope of redress from them. possess, of the real course the candidates intend
It is my opinion, that as all the revenue in. to pursue, in the present crisis of the political public debt will be collected under the act of
tended to be applied to the payment of the affairs of the country."
I have never concealed my political opinions: 1828, and every dollar of it may be paid off and at this time, when my name is before the before any revenue can be raised under the people as a candidate for Congress, would be act of '32, the time has arrived, and the occabe known. At the same time, you will indulge her own bands, and to exercise the high preromore desirous than otherwise, that they should sion has presented itself, which imperiously
demand of the State to take the redress into me with the remark, that your course is one altogether strange and surprizing, and I can gative right of resisting operation of that scarcely believe you could have duly reflected act, within her own limits, by all means within upon it , betore you committed your article to her control; and that a different course must
necessarily destroy all the limitations of the It is admitted, that the editor of a paper, and Constitution, and result in unconditional subevery other person, has the right to call on any
mission to a moneyed or manufacturing aristoccandidate for Congress or the Legislature, for racy; his opinion on important subjects; but I never
And it is my opinion, more effectually to accan consent that any editor can rightfully arro
complish this object, the people of the difgate to himself the prerogative of denouncing
ferent counties ought to elect delegates to the ticket selected by the republican party, and represent them in the Convention, to be held refusing its publication, because the candidites at this place, and determine on the measures may differ from him in opinion; much less can
most proper to be adopted. I consent to your claim of withholding their
I am, gentlemen, yours respectfully, ,
SEABORN JONES. names from the public, until you can ascertain whether they do indeed entertain a different The Globe has done us the favor to notice opinion. When the republican party consen- our address to the public, and says, “if Mr. ted to receive you as one of its organs, they nev- Clay were elected, Mr. Calhoun is well aware er could have supposed they had invested you that it would instantly establish the southern with power of determining who should be can- league which is looked to by him as the only didates to represent them in Congress. Yet hope of ever again attaining political power." this you have in effect assumed; for the only We are satisfied that this declaration of the reasonable and legitimate inference which can Globe, the political vane by which the purpobe drawn from your article, is, that you will ses of Mr. Van Buren are to be interpreted, de. only renew the publication of the ticket, if serves the consideration of every southern man. the candidates coincide with your opinions. It is nothing more nor less than this: If Mr. You ought to recollect, that the people are free, Clay is elected the south will become united and claim a right to judge for themselves who the tariff will be satisfactorily adjusted ; and shall represent them, and will not submit to that being the only impediment in his way, Mr. dictation, even from the popular editor of a Calhoun will again attain political power. But, popular paper. You ougật not to forget, that if Gon. Jackson is elected, he will so use his
“power and patronage" as to divide the south, so appoint Mr. Van Buren his successor. Mr. prevent an adjustment of the tariff, and defeat Clay and Mr. Calhoun both stand in his way, Mr. Calhoun, by appointing Mr. Van Buren his Mr. Clay stands upon the American system; successor. This is the only fair interpretation of Mr. Calhoun upon the opposite interest. Mr. which the remark of tke Globe is susceptible. Clay is now a candidate, and Mr. Calhoun is What is the relation which these four promi. expected to be so four hears hence. The obnent individuals bear towards each other? Mr. ject is to defeat both. Hence both are repre. Clay has staked his fortunes upon his American presented as ullra, and Mr. Clay is to be put System; Mr. Calhoun bas decidedly taken the down now because he is in favor of protection, opposite side, and recommends to the south to and Mr. Calhoun is to be put down four years unite in a measure of redress, which he main- hereafter, because he is opposed to it. Such is tains to be the only peaceable and constitu- the difficult game which Mr. Van Buren has to tional remedy. Mr. Clay and Mr. Calhoun be-play; and most adroitly has he managed it. He ing thus in opposition, Mr. Van Buren comes appeals to the sectional interests of the north forward and says that he is opposed to Mr. Clay, by saying that Mr. Clay asks too much, and and also to Mr. Calhoun ; that Mr. Clay is too thereby endangers all
. At the same timemuch in favor of the north, and that Mr. Cal through Mr. Ritchie and his other organs, le houn is too much in favor of the south; that he says to the south, Mr. Calhoun and South Cao belongs to a middle interest ; that both the rolina ask too much, and thus prerent a repeal north and the south are wrong ; and that he of the tariff. In the mean time the tendency of will be the mediator between them. He voted this position is to rally the office-hunters, the for the tariff of 1828, and his partisans enacted uffice-bolders, and political partisans in each the tariff of 1832. He thus assumes to be the section, as a party, and to prepare the partisans umpire, and says to the south, “but for me, of Mr. Clay in the north to unite with them in there would have been no modification of the support of Mr. Van Buren, as the successor of tariff;" while he would persuade the north, Gen. Jackson, as being the only individual, Mr. that had it not been for him, the tariff would Clay being out of the question, who can suchave been annihilated ?
cessfully oppose Mr. Calboun, whose election, Gen. Jackson was supported by the south, the manufacturers are to be told, will be the because he was pledged to be in favor of an signal for their destruction; and yet the south economical administration. Has be redeemed are called upon to rally on Gen. Jackson as the that pledge ?
only means of obtaining a further modification, The Expenditures of the Government, apart and a satisfactory adjustment of the tariff. from the national debt, were, in
As between Gen. Jackson and Mr. Clay, 1822,
$9,872,643 51 there is now no longer any difference upon this 1823,
9,784,154 59 subject. Mr. Clay and Gen. Jackson have 1824,
10,330,144 71 combined their influence, and both have united 1825,
11,490,460 04 on the tariff bill of the last session. So anxious 1826,
12,562,316 30 has Gen. Jackson been to impose this bill upon
12,653,095 65 the people, as a judicious tarif,” that his 1828,
agents have, from time to time, filled the pub1829,
purporting to have an official sanction. As 1831,
14,777,991 58 between them, then, on this point, there is If to this be added the fact that the appropri- nothing to hope by the election of General ations for this year are admitted to EXCEED Jackson, which we may not expect from Mi. ZIGETEEN MILLIONS, and that it is probable that Clay. Whereas, on the other hand, the ada the pensions bill will swell the amount some mission of the Globe that the election of Mr. three millions more, it will be seen that, in- Clay "would instantly establish the southern stead of retrenchment and economy, Gen. Jack- league, which is looked to, by Mr. Calhoun, 3 son has brought extravagance and most un- the only hope of ever aguin attaining political paralleled prodigality. It will be found that power," is worthy of mature consideration
. even the Richmond Enquirer, that once. favo We are fully sensible tbat the editor of the rite organ of economy has become the apolo- Globe, when he made this admission, was not gist of this system.
aware of its true interpretation. He has been Do not these facts prove that Gen. Jackson taught to consider the elevation of either Mr. is false to all his promises of economy, and a Clay, or of Mr. Calhoun, ss decisive of its fatė; traitor to the south? or else that the President and, having learnt to prate about "Coalition," could not control the question? The last is the has inadvertently disclosed the secret counsels most charitable construction to place upon bis of the cabal of which it is the organ. conduct; and it appears that if he desires The question then is, will the election of to limit the expenditures, his position towards Mr. Clay produce that "isouthern leagu," upon the parties is such that he could not do so. which Mr. Calhoun's hopes of attaining politicaDoes not it follow, that so long as he retains the power depend? It is so asserted in the Globes same relative position, his continuance in power and believing that Mr. Calhoun is actuated by will produce the same result? Why is this so? an honorable and patriotic ambition that all his
This seems to be a difficult problem, but it ends are for his country, it is due to him and is easily explained. Gen. Jackson has resolved to the country that this proposition should be
duly examined, especially by every southern south; or else if Mr. Clay, being the Presi
dent and the representative of the manufacturThis brings up the question of what is the ing interests, refuses to make such concession; southern league? It is not a southern conven then, and in that case, the south, no longer de tion preparatory to secession or disunion, beceived into an expectation of aid from the Fed. cause we find that Judge Smith and Colonel eral Executive, will become united in one meaDrayton, in South Carolina, Mr. Ritchie, in sure of redress, which must result in a satisfacVirginia; and in fact, all Mr. Van Buren’s partitory adjustment of the tariff, inftime for Mr. sans in the south, have declared in favor of a Calhoun to be put in nomination; to overcome southern Convention of those who propose se. the prejudice, cherished against him in the cession, (or, in other words, disunion,) as the northern States, and obtain the elevated obremedy for the tariff; while Mr. Calhoun, and ject of his ambition, by the aid of the votes of his polítical friends, are openly opposed to such of the northern people. a Convention, because they consider it revolu
Again, we ask the people of the south, will tionary and unconstitutional. Mr. Calhoun, such results follow the election of Mr. Clay, then, is in favor of calling into exercise the and if they believe so, what interest has the reserved right of the States which he believes south in supporting General Jackson in preferwill compel the majority to call a Convention of ence to Mr. Clay? And if this be so, does all the States; which Convention, when thus it not follow that the election of General assembled, he believes to be the only tribunal Jackson will prevent it? Is it not palpable that vested by the Constitution, with power to de. the present tariff is a measure, advocated and termine whether the Federal Government can supported by General Jackson, and does not exercise a power, the right to do so being call- the admission of the Globe show that Mr. Van ed in question by the sovereign power of one Buren's partisans, who Mr. Ritchie admitted of the States.
could control the event, exerted all their influWe know that the doctrine contended for by ence so to modify the bill as to prevent its giv. Mr. Calhoun, has been denounced as revolu. ing satisfaction to the south? Now we ask what tionary—as disunion. That it has been asked; public man is it whose future elevation depends a will you permit one State, (the little State of upon continuing the present unhappy conflict of Delaware,) to arrest the operation of a law of interests? It is certainly not the interest of the Congress?". We reply that the question be- manufacturers to continue it, because all will fore the people, is not what we would allow tell you that it is important to them that the the State of Delaware to do; it is what rights system should be permanently seltled. It never has the Constitution secured to the State of can be settled so long as the south believe it to Delaware! That it has given to the President be uneuqal, unjust, unconstitutional, and opthe power to velo an act which has been ap. pressive. It is not the interest of the south, proved by large majorities in both Houses in because they so consider it. Who then is Congress, will not now be denied; although benefitted by it? We will answer the question. some are bold enough to deny the right to do Mr. Van Buren, and those office holders who 80; and he must be a bold advocate of Execu- enjoy the power and patronage of the Govern. tive infallibility, who would clothe his single ment, are benefitted by keeping up the conflict voice with more power than belongs to that for between the north and the south, so long as he two-thirds of the sovereign people of a State. can persuade the south that he is more in favor As to all the purposes of Government, and as to of the south than Mr. Clay, and the north that the powers of a State, Delaware is equal to New he is more in favor of the north than Mr. Cal. York; and the history of republics justifies a houn; and thus satisfy a sufficient portion of belief that infractions of the constitutional com- each section, that it is the interest of both to pact, are more to be apprehended from the continue him in power in preference to either overgrown arrogance of the EMPIRE State, of his political rivals. It is time that the north than from the modest pretensions of the small, and the south should open their eyes to the est member of the confederacy.
fraud that is playing off upon them. If such So much then for the southern league upon a southern league as will place*Mr. Calhoun in which Mr. Calhoun's hopes are said to depend. power, will immediately take place on the It is an union of the people of the south in sup-election of Mr. Clay, then it is the interest of port of that measure of redress, against wbal the south that Mr. Clay should be elected. In they all admit to be a violation of their consti- making this declaration, we look to the relation tutional rights, which will compel the majori- which opposing political parties bear to the ty to refer the question in dispute to a conven-south, and speak of Mr. Calhoun's political adtion of all the States; a body, he admits to be a vancement in connection with what we believe tribunal, and insists is the only tribunal which, to be the interests of the whole. In defending under the Constitution, can pass upon the rights his character, and looking to his future elevaof a sovereign State. This league, we are told tion, if we know our own motives, we are goby the Globe, will instantly take place if Mr. verned by a desire to promote the welfare of Clay is elected! And how will it be brought all the States. Our wish is to secure his talents, about? Either by such concessions on the experince, and services for his country; it is part of the manufacturers, (induced by a desire not to gratify bim at the expense of his country. on their part, and on that of Mr. Clay, to re- If the result of the election of Mr. Clay, would concile the south,) as will be satisfactory to the be to establish such a "southern league" as
would elevate Mr. Calhoun into power, then pledge which he has voluntarily given; but, in the election of Mr. Clay would be followed by progress of time, Mr. Van Buren obtained a a satisfactory adjustment of the tariff; because complete control over his counsels. He plantsuch an adjustment of that vexed questioned around his person a corrupt regency, who, must precede Mr. Calhoun's promotion to a having excluded the voice of truth, and Gen. higher office. It then follows, upon the show. Jackson, who thus came into power
, is now ing of the Globe, that the great object of Gen. himself a party to a most corrupt and dangerous Jackson's being a candidate, is to prevent Mr. coalition, and devoted to a most profligate at. Calhoun's coming into power, and it follows, tempt to appoint Mr. Van Buren his successor. as a corrolary of this proposition, that he is un The party papers, in tbe pay of this coalition, willing that the tariff should be so adjusted as aware of the influence which the charge would to satisfy the south, because Mr. Van Buren is have on the bonest portion of the people, by aware that question alone stands in the way of way of anticipation, have charged a new coalition Mr. Calhoun's political advancement. And yet between Mr. Clay and Mr. Calhoun!! Neither the Globe, his organ, has the unblushing impu- Mr. Clay or Mr. Calhoun is in possession of the dence to call upon the people of the south; and patronage of the Government. No man en many of them are so blind as to believe that suppose, that, if either of them should be the election of Andrew Jackson will promote elected, that patronage would be used to ap. the interests of the south!! What infatuation! point the other as his successor. Mr. Clay and O The only hope of the south is in union. The Mr. Calhoun stand upon different and opposing policy of Mr. Van Buren is to use the patronage interests; and it was the knowledge of this fact of the Government, and the popularity of Gen. which emboldened Mr. Van Buren to project Jackson, to divide and weaken the south now; the bold and daring "Coalition” by which he that Mr. Clay being broken down by the aid of is to be appointed the "heir apparent." We insouthern votes, he, (Mr. Van Buren,) may be- tend boldly to charge and clearly to prore, come the head of the American system, and by that Gen. Jackson and Mr. Van Buren hare the aid of northern votes, break down John C. entered into a coalition, the object of which is Calhoun in 1836.
to appoint Martin Van Buren his successor;
Jackson has made war upon his early and best This term has become technical in party war- friends; that he has violated every principle on fare, and carries to the minds of many a fixed which he came into power, and that it is the meaning. Is was used, during the lat Presi- duty of every patriot to defeat the unholy dential canvass, as applied to Messrs. Adams league. and Clay, to convey a charge that there was an understanding between them, that the pa. By attributing whatever is said by this press tronage of the Government should be so ad- to the dictation of Mr. Calhoun, the Globe la. ministered by Mr. Adams, ag to appoint Mr. bors to place us on the same degraded position Clay his successor. It was the belief that the which that print occupies. It openly avows relations which Mr. Adams and Mr. Clay bore that it was established to support General Jack. towards each other, would necessarily give such son, right or wrong, and could itj persuade the a direction to the public patronage, that caus- people that we support Mr. Calhoun, rigbt or ed many persons, who were incredulous as to wrong, the question between us would be res the truth of the charge of a direct understand- duced simply to a question of men
; whereas if ing between the parties, to rally in opposition such considerations had governed us, we would to the re-election of Mr. Adams; because they have worshipped General Jackson with so much believed that, so far as the public interests skill that Francis P. Blair, and Amos Kendall, were concerned, it did not much matter whe-would have remained our humble flatterers, ther or not there was, in fact, such an under ready to do any work at our bidding: Had we standing, if the effect of the re-election of Mr. consented to affiliate with John H. Eaton, apd Adams would be to bring the patronage of the Wm. B. Lewis, and to flatter and fawn upon Government in conflict with the freedom of Andrew Jackson, we could have been the por elections. Gen. Jackson came into office ful- er behind the throne, dispensing favors, and ly impressed with this sentiment ; and in his lining our pockets with the perquisites of pai inaugural address he said :
tronage. We could have had fat contracts and “The recent demonstration of public senti. Government speculations. Having refused to ment inscribes, on the list of executive duties, abandon our principles, when required to do in characters too legible to be overlooked, the so by Gen. Jackson, no one can suppose that task of reform; which will require, particular, we would do it to gratify any other person. ly, the correction of those abuses that bave By relinquishing the patronage of the adminisbrought the patronage of the Federal Govern.tration, we have given an unequivocal proof of ment into conflict with the freedom of elections, our sincerity. The Globe is known to be ve. and the counteraction of those causes which nal, and its editor an apostate. have disturbed the rightful course of appointment, and have placed, or continued power, in SUMMARY OF SOUTHERN MOVE. unfaithful or incompetent hands."
MENTS. We will do him the justice to say, that we The numerous public meetings, and other believe that he, at that time, was sincere in the political movements, consequent upon the pas.