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unite in a measure of redress, which he main- hereafter, because he is opposed to it. Such is tains to be the only peaceable and constitu- the difficult game which Mr. Van Buren has to tional remedy. , Mr. Clay and Mr. Calhoun be-play; and most adroitly has he managed it. He ing thus in opposition, Mr. Van Buren comes appeals to the sectional interests of the north forward and says that he is opposed to Mr. Clay, by saying that Mr. Clay asks too much, and and also to Mr. Calhoun ; that Mr. Clay is too thereby endangers all. At the same time much in favor of the north, and that Mr. Çals through Mr. Ritchie and his other organs, he houn is too much in favor of the south; that he says to the south, Mr. Calhoun and South Ca. belongs to a middle interest ; that both the rolina ask too much, and thus prerent a repeal north and the south are wrong; and that he of the tariff. In the mean time the tendency of will be the mediator between them. He voted this position is to rally the office-hunters

, the for the tariff of 1828, and his partisans enacted office-holders, and political partisans in each the tariff of 1832. He thus assumes to be the section, as a party, and to prepare the partisao umpire, and says to the south, but for me, of Mr. Clay in the north to unite with them in there would have been, no modification of the support of Mr. Van Buren, as the succeser of tariff;” while he would persuade the north, Gen. Jackson, as being the only individal, Mr. that had it not been for him, the tariff would Clay being out of the question, who can sachave been annihilated ?

cessfully oppose Mr. Calhoun, whose election, Gen. Jackson' was supported by the south, the manufacturers are tõ be told, will be the because he was pledged to be in favor of an signal for their destruction; and yet the south economical administration. Has he redeemed are called upon to rally on Gen. Jackson as the that pledge ?

only means of obtaining a furtber modification, The Expenditures of the Government, apart and a satisfactory adjustment of the tarif from the national debt, were, in

As between Gen. Jackson and Mr. Clas, $9,872,643 51 there is now no longer any difference upon this 1823,

9,784,154 59. subject, Mr. Clay and 'Gen. Jackson harc 1824,

10,330,114 71 combined their influence, and both have united 1825,

11,490,460 04 on the tariff bill of the last session. So anrious

12,562,316 30 has Gen. Jackson been to impose this bill upon 1827,

12,653,095 65 the people, as a "judicious tarift," that his 1828,

13,296,041 45

agents have, from time to time, filled the pud1829,

12,669,490 62

lic press with false and fraudulent calculations, 1830,

13, 229,533 33

purporting to have an oficial saaction. As 1831,

14,777,991 58 between them, then, on this point, there is If to this be added the fact that the appropri- nothing to hope by the election of General ations for this year are admitted to Exceed Jackson, which we may not expect from Mr. EIGHTEEN MILLIONS, and that it is probable that Clay: Whereas, on the other hand, the ada the pensions bill will swell the amount some mission of the Globe that the election of Mr. three millions more, it will be seen that, in- Clay "would instantly establish the southern

, which son has brought extravagance and most won the only hope of ever again attaining political paralleled prodigality. It will be found that power," is worthy of mature consideration

. even the Richmond Enquirer, that once favo

We are fully sensible that the editor of the rite organ of economy has become the apolo. Globe, when he made this admission, was not gist of this system.

aware of its true interpretation. He has been Do not these facts prove that Gen. Jackson taught to consider the elevation of either Mr. is false to all his promises of economy, and a Clay, or of Mr. Calboun, as decisive of its fate; traitor to the south! or else that the President and having learnt to prate about "Coalition, could not control the question? The last is the nas inadvertently disclosed the secret counsels most charitable construction to place upon bis of the cabal of which it is the organ. conduct; and it appears that if he desires The question then is, will the election of to limit the expenditures, his position towards Mr. Clay.produce that "southern League,"upon the parties is such that he could not do so. which Mr. Calhoun's hopes of attaining politics

. Does not it follow, that so long as he retains the power depend! It is so asserted in the Globe: same relative position, his continuance in power and believing that Mr. Calhoun is actuated by will produce the same result? Why is this so? an honorable and patriotic ambition—that ail bis

This seems to be a difficult problem, bụt it ends are for his country, it is due to bim an is easily explained. Gen. Jackson has resolved to the country that this proposition should be to appoint Mr. Van Buren his successor. Mr. duly examined, especially by every southern Clay and Mr. Calhoun both stand in his way, man. Mr. Clay stands upon the American system; This brings up the question of what is the Mr. Calhoun upon the opposite interest. Mr. southern league? It is not a southern couvet Clay is now a candidate, and Mr. Calhoun istion preparatory to secession or disunion, boy expected to be so four hears hence. The ob- cause we find that Judge Smith and Colonel ject is to defeat both. Hence both are repre. Drayton, in South Carulina, Mr. Ritchie

, it presented as ultra, and Mr. Clay is to be put Virginia, and in fact, all Mr. Yan Buen's partie down now because he is in favor of protection, sans in the south, have declared in favor of and Mr. Calhoun' is to be put down four years southern Canyention of those who propose **

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cession, (or, in other words, disunion.) as the northern States, and obtain the elevated obremedy for the tariff; while Mr. Calhoun, and ject of his ambition, by the aid of the votes of bis political friends, are openly opposed to such the northern people. & Convention, because they consider it revolu- Again, we ask the people of the south, will tionally and unconstitutional. Mr. Calhoun, such results follow the election of Mr. Clay, then, is in favor of calling into exercise the and if they believe so, what interest has the reserved right of the States which he believes south in supporting General Jackson in preferwill compel the majority to call a Convention of ence to Mr. Clay? And if this be so, does all the States; which convention, when thius it not follow that the election of General assembled, he believes to be the only. tribunal Jackson will prevent it? Is it not palpable that vested by the Constitution, with power to de. the present tariff is a measure, advocated and termine whether the Federal Government can supported by General Jackson, and does not exercise a power, the right to do so being call-fthe admission of the Globe show that Mr. Van ed in question by the sovereign power of one Buren's partisans, who" Mr. Ritchie admitted of the States.

could control the event, exerted all their influ. We know that the doctrine contended for by ence so to modify the bill as to prevent its givMr. Calhoun, has been denounced as revolu- ing satisfaction to the south? Now we ask what tionary-as disunion. That it has been asked; public man is it whose future elevation depends " will you permit one State, (the little State of upon continuing the present unhappy conflict of Delaware,) to arrest the operarion of a law of interests? It is certainly not the interest of the Congress. We reply that the question be- manufacturers to continue it, because all will fore the people, is not what we would allow tell you that it is important to them that the the State of Delaware to do; it is what rights system should be permanently sellled. It never has the Constilution secured to the State of can be settled so long as the south believe it to Delaware? That it has given to the President bę uneuqal, unjust, unconstitutional, and op. the power to velv an act which has been ap. pressive. It is not the interest of the south, proved by large majorities in both Houses in because they so consider 'it. Who then is Congress, will not now be denied; although benefitted by it? We will answer the question. some are bold enough to deny the right to do Mr. Van Buren, and those office holders who 80; and he must be a bold advocate of Execu- enjoy the power and patronage of the Govern. tive infallibility, who would clo he his single ment, are benefited by keeping up the conflict voice with more power than belongs to that lof between the north aụd the south, so long as he two thirds of the sovereign people of a State. cao persuade the south that he is more in favor As to all the purposes of Government, and as lo of the so th than Mr. Clay, and the north that the powers of a State, Delaware is equal to New he is more in favor of the north than Mr. Cal. York; and the liistory of republics, justifies, a houn; and thus satisfy a sufficient portion of belief that infractions of the constitutional com each section, that it is the interest of both to pact, are more to be apprehended from the cortinue him in power in preference to either overgrown arrogance of the EMPIRE State, of h s political rivals. It is time that the north than from the mudest pretensions of the smull and the south should open their eyes to the est member of the confederacy.

fraud that is playing off upon them. If such So much then for the southern league upon a southern league as will place Mr. Calhoun in which Mr. Calhoun's hopes are said to depend. power, will immediately take place on the It is an union of the people of the south in sup- election ol Mr. Clay, then it is the interest of port of that measure of redress, against what the south that Mr. Clay should be elected. In they all admit to be a violation of their consti- making this declaration, we look to ihe relation tutional rights, which will compel the majori- which opposing political parties bear to the ty to refer the question in dispute to a conven. sovih, and peak of Mr. Calhoun's political ad. tion of all the States; a body, he admits to be a vancement in connection with what we believe tribunal, and insists is the only tribunal which, o be the interests of the whole. In defending under the Constitution,can pass upon the rights nis character, and looking to his fuiure eleva. of a sovereign State. This league, we are told ion, if we know our own molives, we are go. by the Globe, will instantly take place if Mr. verned by a desire to promote the welfare of Clay is elected! And how will it be brought all the States. Our wish is to secure his talents, about? Either by such concessions on thi experince, and services for his country; it is part of the manufacturers, (induced by a desire out to gravify him at the expense of his coun ry. on their part, and on that of Mr. Clay, to re-If the result of the election of Mr. Clay, would concile the south,) as will be satisfactory to the be to establish such a “southern league” as south; or else iť Mr. Clay, being the Presia would elevate Mr. Calhoun into power, then dent and the representative of the manufactur. the election of Mr. Clay would be followed by ing interests, refuses to make such concession; a satisfactory adjustmunt of the tariff; because then, and in that case, the south, no longer de such an adjusi mem of that vexed question ceived into an expectation of aid from t e Fed must precede Mr. Calhoun's promotion to a eral Executive, will become united in one mea nigher office. It then follows, upon the show. sure of redress, which must result in a satisfac. ing of the Globe, that the great obj ct of Gen. tory mljustment of the tariff, in time for Mr. J.ckson's being a candidate, is to prevent Mr. Calhoun to be pui in nomination; to overcome Calhoun's coming into power, and it follows, the prejudice cherished against him in the us a currolary of this proposition, that lie is un

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willing that the tariff should be so adjusted as required, can always be obtained whenever to satisfy the south, because Mr. Van Buren is wan:ed; and I have a statement now before me, aware that question alone stands in the way of made out by a mercantile gentleman of the higi Mr. Calhoun's political advancement. Aniyet est character, 'based upon the difference be the Globe, his organ, has the unblushing impu. tween cash and credit duties to the importing dence to call upon the people of the south; and merchan', estimated on only two voyages in the many of them are so blind as to believe that year, with a profit of ten per cents

, and the re. the election of Andrew Jackson will promote sult is an advantage equal to nearly double the the interests of the south!! What infatuation! Interest of the money on the whole capital emThe only hope of the south is in union. The ployed. The cash duties and diminished crepolicy of Mr. Van Buren is tu use the patronage dits must greatly diminish the commercial capia of the Guvernment, and the popularity of Gen tal of the country, Jussen the credita per es. Jackson, to divide and weaken the south now; tended to retailers, and concentrate the busthat Mr. Clay being broken down by the aid of ness in the hands of a few large capitalss – southern votes, he; (Mr. Van Buren,) may be- These new regulations of our trade

, itipose come the head of the American system, and by heavy burdens upon the people", which csathe aid of northern votes, break down John C. not be estimated in thóuey, bui they have inCalhoun in 1836.

pressed my mind su, strongly; that should

have preferred that 60 per cen, had been it. LETTER FROM MR. HAYNE. posed upon woollens, rather than that they

should have been subjected to the payment of Concluded.

cash duties; wlrich, from this example, I lote But, Col. Drayton thinks that should this see viil soon crep into the tariff, in relation to prove to be the case, the law will be alt-red to all other goods. The object of this regulation accommodate the south. If iny colleague shall was to advance the interests of the macufactuever make that proposition, I apprehend some rers by hampering coin merte, and I fear this is woollen manufacturer in Congress will whisper an object that wil not be very swou reboquisho in his ear that the limitation as to price was in. ed. Now I will not enter into aty calculation serted for the protection of the domestic manu- to show what will become of the balance of facturer, and therefore cannot be abandoned. Col. Drayton's estimated reduction of $99,107, I think I have also discovered one or two on the protected articles after the amous's here other errors in this new Treasury statement, stated shall be taken from it. Every ote wil which need correctionThe duty on twist see that, according to the highest estimates yarn and thread remains under the new law the only the whole reduction will be absorbed

, but same as before, and yet it is set down in the that there would be a considerable balance atie new statement that there is a reduction on these other way, and according to the lowest

, the rearticles of $21.598; so the duty on sewing silk duction will be brought down almost to to has been increased by at least $5,000, of which thing. According to my view of the subject no notice hxs been taken. The same thing, nowever, it is perfecily immaterial whether in as I am informed by one of our largest import- inconsiderable amount

, more or less, tras beca ers in this city, has taken place with regard to added to, or subiracted from the duties on the the article called sattinets and linseys; articles protícted articles, when it mastestly appears made of cotton and wool, consumed to some from Col. Drayton's own shewing, that duties as extent at the south, and the consumption con. the amount of three millions on the unprotected stantly and rapidly increasing. These articles articles have been entirely repeaked and upwards under the old law paid a duty of 14 cents the of a million more taken of, while the duties of

square yard, but not coming under the new the protected articles liave remained sub-413-
duty of five per cent, which is expressly con tially undiminished. Wil tliese dita berare
fined to "plains, kerseys and kendal cottons, the in, I am quite willing to leave the public to
of which wool shall be the only material,: will make the calculations for themselves
have to pay a duty of 50 percent., being as ? If such an arrangement of the tarif as this is
am told an increase of wbuut ten per cent on to be regarded as a compromise whin wunder
the furiner rate of duty. I have not beun to satisfy the soult, then I can only say, but !
furnished, however, with any estimate of the Have' greatly mistaken the sentiments of my
amount, In estimating the amount of "tir constituents, and I will add, inat we have for
public burthens" under the tariff, the cash du cight years past been making a most senseless
ties have in general been put down at 5 per clainor to nu purpose whatever, for i diren
Mercantile men have estimated it at ten tyre to assert

, that at any moment during that per cent at the least, I have luken some pains, period, the slightest intimation that sich both at Washington and here, to ascertain the comproinise as the new bill would have been probable value of the advantage derived by the at all satisfactory to us, would have been ia merchant from having a standing credit with stantly met by a ready and cordial acquie:cence the Government for an average period of ten on the part of our opponents. Tere peret montlis, instead of being compelled 10 pay the has been an instant of time, if str. M.Dulie of amount of the duties in cash, and I find the ge- any gentleman in the confidence of the time lowest, io from ten to iwelve per cent., on the place, and proposed to compromise bac dist duty. It is not true that loans to any amouniculty by such an adjustmeat of the tanti

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contained in the new bill, when such a propo. And we have a nett revenue unsition would not have been cagerly embraced, der the new bill of

25,264,295 and the controversy settled for ever. And From which take the average ex

this for the plainest reason in the world," be penditures of the Government * 'cause it would have been regarded as a con. for all objects exclusive of the cession eminently beneficial to the manufactu. public debt,

12,000,000 rers, by recognizing and establishing the principle of protection, by repealing the duties impos: And we have a surplus of $13,264,295 eu fur revenue, anci, leaving, almost untouched To be scrambled for. the duties imposed for protection; by leaving The estimate in the annual Treathe south subject to its burdens, and the north

sury Report of the probable rein the enjoyment of its bounties, by taking off

ceipts of the year 1832, was 30,100,000 the taxes from 'articles of luxury, cousumed From which take the estimated re. chiefly by the rich and on which the duties duction as above, and we have $24,912,922 operated every where alike, and throwing the of nett revenue, being $12,912,922 uver and whole burthens of the government upon those above the ordinary expenditures of the Governvery articles on which the tariff States receive ment, to be scrambled for. in bounty more than they pay 'in taxes; the ve- The average amount of receipts from the cus. Ty articles to which are tlie fruits chiefly of toms for the last six years, is

$ 22,516,312 southern industry, and which are brought into To which add for public lands, &c. 3,500,000 competition with the manufactures of the north.

according to the receipts of the In estimating the value of the concession which

last year, and we have $ 26,016,312 is supposed to have been made by the new bill, From which take the proposed re. it seems to be entirely forgotien, that from the duction

5,187,078 fall of prices which have taken place since 1828, in order to bring down the specific du. And we have

$20,820,234 ties to as low a rate as was fixed by ibat act, ut Beiog $8,829,234 more than the ordinary exthe time it was pussed, a very considerable re. penses of the Guvernment. Several millions duction of duty was necessary. , Thus, 830, a of this surplus have already been absorbed, and ton upon rolled iron is a higher duty now, when I have no doubt that, at the very next session it can be purchased in England at $22, than 37 of Congress, thế whole of the remainder will a lon in 1828, when it cost upwards of $30, and be provided for, unless the proceeds of the so of almost every other article. If the reduce public lands shall be otherwise disposed of, so tion of prices be taken into the account. I am that in effect, after relieving the country from perfectly satisfied, that the duties upon those an enormous public debt, we shall remain subarticles have been greatly increased beyonuject to nearly the same amount of taxation, as what they were when the Act of 1828 was pas if the public debt had remained undininished. sed. But there is another aspect of this ques. I now take leave of this painful subject. In tion entitled to very serious consideration; is presenting these views to my constituent , I can is, that under the new bill the revenue will have no mutive under Heaven to deceive them, probably greatly, exceed the necessary wants even if I were capable of such baseness. As of the Government, and that very large sumns God is my judge, it would have afforded me levied upon agriculture and commerce, and the bigliest satisfaction to have been en.bled to brought into the Treasury m<rely for the pur- tell them that all was not lost," and that there pose ot affording proteciwn to domestic manu- was still a hope from a reaction in public sentifuctures-will have to be divided among the ment, or a returning sense of justice on the Slales, or made the subject of "a disgracefu. part of our oppressors. But as I cannot bring scramule, in which, according to Mr. Jetterson, myself to think so, I cannot consent to say so. sothey who are me:inest will get must,”-a sys- I feel bound to warn my constituents of the actem by which one portion of the country is t, tual condition of their affairs, and to leave it to be impoverished, in order that an trer may be THE PEOPLE 10 determine what is proper in The Secretary of the Treasury such an emergency to be done. As a faithful has chosen to make his estimate of the futut

Representative, I have felt myselt placed unrevenue ofite conntry on the basis of the To Ider the most solemn obligations to state my ceipts ut he year ending on the 30th of Sep nonest conviuion, however painful may be the teniber, 1830.

tulhs I have to cuminunicate, and to whatever In esiling, however, the probable amoum imputations 1 may thereby be subjccied, at of the future revenue of the county, 1 china home or abroad. The part which leave been the pre ent receipts, or thone of t. Just year, coinpelled, by a deep sense of duty, to take, the uveruge receipts of the last six yeurs, wala has been as painful to me as it must of necassity foru salci sounds on which to mane vul calcu- have been unprofitable. A R presentative in lations. Let us see what will be ide resudio C ngress, who, refusing to enlist under the according to these data,

barmers of contending chieftains struggling for The net revenue of trie year enl.

Lower-standing aloof from the party conflicts ing the 31st Dec. 1831,(see Sen.

f the day-who is constantly striving against Duc, No. 155,) was

$30,451,373|the exteension of the power and patronage of From which take the reduction,

the Federal Government, and endeavouring according to the new Treasury


from the grasp of the monopolists statement,


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their ill gotten gains, has at best but a thankless it brittle when hot,"and tough when cold. In office, and is very much in the situation of one this cage salt, or sal ammoniac, should be used who should undertake to tear from the hangry with the sand, which will evaporate the copper lion is prey, or rob the lioness of her young and prevent the iron from breaking when it is If I could have felt myself at liberty to retire very hot. "Arsenic generally predominales in from the unequal conflici, I should long since iron that is very britile when cold. A smal have abandoned the field in dispair, God knows quantity of salt petre should then be used with I have no other interest in this matter than that the sand for welling. Iron or steel that is en. which is common to all my constituents. If tirely free from either of those pernicious subthere be one wish nearer to my heart than any stances will work sound, weld with ease, and be other, it is, that I could receive an honorable very tough when cold. This is what is called discharge from this warfare, and after seeing my goud iron. The same may be said of steel fellow citizens once more in the full enjoyment A fault too often found with blacksmiths

, it

, of their just rights, and our country restored to that their work is not sound, when in fact the prosperity and peace that I could be permitted tault is in the iron they work. A litike attento retire into private life with the consolating tion to ascertain the qualities of iron, and to aprefection, of which it is not in the power of ply the proper remedies, will enable them to man to deprive me, that unseduced by the make their work sound,'or, at least, as good as blandishments, or the frowns of power, in the quallity or the iron will admit to welding every siluation in which I have been placed, 1 iron and steel cogether for edge tools it will be bave been faithful to my constituents. That of service, (at least it can do no bam even if the Almighty Disposer of events may so over the iron and steel be ever so good,) to have 8 rule the councils of men, as to bring good out little lime, salt

, and saltpetre mixed with the evil, and though clouds and Jankness are sand communly used in welding

: This mix

, round about us," that we may find out the way ture makes an excellent Hus for welding, and to LIBERTY and SAPRTI; is my constant prayer at the same time prevents the irva fram buma to Him who holds in his hands the destinies of ing, and enables the smith to raise a suf

suficient nations.

heat to weld it perfectly sound, even to the v'co I have the honor to be, (very respectfully, ry centre of the bar.-- Mechenics Magazine. your fellow citizen,

ROBERT Y. HAYNE. To Bernard E. Bee, &c., Committee.


IS PRINTED IT The weather and crops. The weather fo Washington City, upon the folwwing Terms several weeks past has been dry and warm, so Daily paper, per annum.............$1000 much so that the grass and other crups were Country paper, (three times a week dursuffering. Wheat was so far advanced as not ing the session, and semi-weekly during to be materially injured, and may at tiris time, the recess of July 31st, be said io be at about mid-harvest. For six months,...................... The griwth of straw is not as large as in some Weekly paper,.. Co..............

751 seasons, but very free from rust, and but


Payable in advance. little of it lodged.: Grass crops are light, but A failure to notify the Editor of an intention of fair quality; perhaps - not more than two o discontinue, will be considered as a reneral thirds the average crop, and' huy sells in our of the subscription, which will not be discar market at ten dollars per ton. Oats are verytinued, except at the option of the Editor, unti short, but well headed: barley very light. Corn all arrearages are paid. on dry land had began to suffer some, but for Where five or more subscribers, at one pas two days past we have had a number of heavy office, unite and remit, at the same time, tai shower-, accompanied with considerable light. dollars dach, that sum will entitle each to re: ning and some hail, which reduced the tem ceive the weekly paper for one year

, perature of the atmosphere to below 68, which

Annual advertising customers will receive it is hoped may have a beneficial effect upon daily paper, and the use of one square, renew the general health of community. -Gen. Fa. ble once a week for one year, at "lify dollars


new advertisements to have at least one immer ! WELDING IRON AND STEEL tion in the inner form of the country paper. As iron and steel are compounded more or Advertisements in the daily and country, Jess with sulphur, copper, and arsenick, which, one dollar per square, for the first three, and if they predominate too much, wil. prevent twenty-five cents for each subsequeht contiox their being welded sound, it may be of some ous insertion. No advertisement for less then importance to wlacksmiths to know what reme, one dollar.

All material alterations are conside dies to apply in such cases. When iron infered as new advertisements. Each distant of compounded with sulphur, it is apt to burn beder for an advertisement must be uccompanied fore a welding heat can be raised. In this case by the cash, or enclosed through a little unslucked slonelime pounded up very responsible person. fine to be used instead of sand, lime will absord

All money due us, may be transmitted, at our the sulpliur and enable the smith to weld it risk, by mail. In all cases, the postage tour soundIf but a small quantity of copper en be paid by our correspondents. This item of ters into the composition of iron, it will render) our expenditure is onerous in the extreme

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