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Van Buren's organ, executed the same kind Mr. Calhoun had favored the pretensions of office for the country presses. Thus it was Mr. Adams, until Mr. Clay had declared for tin, that the influence which we had given to the (Mr. Adams;) that Mr. Crawford's letter su press of the Jackson party wás arrayed in a placed in Gen. Jackson's hands by Mr. Balch
, bitter warfare on our reputation. The odds was and that he returned for answer, that he was fearful, but the difficulty before us was not of our sorry that he had seen the letter; that Calcun creation-and although character, and all ihat hau been his friend, to all appearances
, for the renders life valuable, was at stake, it could not last ten years, and he felt disposed to rely on be avoiderl. We resolved to measure all our steps him as such; that he wished all political difer with caution, and to throw upon Mr. Van Buren, ences put to an end, and not to be refred as and his partisans, the responsibility of a dissolu. no good could come out of them;}that he was tion of the party, whenever it did take place. We willing that the country should settle these Datwere aware that it was our duty so to act, as not ters, and all such, as it had done; that he new only to secure our own self-approbation, but | ver deserted his friends, and could in no way to be prepared, at all times, 10 render to the connive at the proposal of taking up Clinton, public a satisfactory account of our conduct and putting down Calhoun; that the theraght Our reliance has been on the force of truth; and highly of Mr. Clinton, and had no derula buat the unerring justice of Him who rules alike the the country, at a proper time, would do jutice destinies of nations and of individuals. Not to to Mr. Clinton.
Our correspondent, whose have committed many errors, under such em name will be given up to Mr. Balch, adds
, barrassments, would have required more than Belch says: human wisdom; and in the retrospect which it is often our duty to make, we feel every day account of the interview. I was fully persuaded
“I immediately wrote to Mr. Van Buren 20 called upon to return our thanks to Him whose of the strong attachment of Gen. Jackson to aid has enabled us to maintain our upright in- Mr. Calhoun. I therefore advised Van Buren to' tentions; and whose kindness has preserved us give up the idea of Clinton, and support Cal unscathed amidst the fiery trials which have be. Boun; for if they succeeded in electing Cläinten set our path. We feel that we owe an apolo: Vice President, that he felt assured that Jacke gy for this digression; but it is due to ourselves
, sort would make Calhoun Secretary of State, and forms so important a part of the develop and Van Bunes's PROSPECTS 85 BLASTED FOR ments which it is our duty to make, that the
EVEN. reader will, we trust, excuse it. We must return to our narrative; but, as this number has maiter of these letters. Mr. Van Buren visit:
We ask the reader to note the date and already swelled to a greater length than we in- ed Mr. Cras ford in April, 1827. Mr. Crawo tended, we will resume it in our next.
ford, on the 14th of December, 1897, writes 3 In our last we exhibited extracts from the letter to Mr. Balch, referring to Mr. Van Buren's confidential letters of Lewis and Eaton, proving visit
, and churring, dot that Hir. Calhoun had that, in April, 1824, it was believed that ite con been the enemy of Gen. Jackson in Mr. test would be between General Jackson and Monroe's cabinet, but that Mr. Calhoun's Mr. Crawford; that, wcting under that bellef, family friends had bandied aboug at a exucus in Mr. Simpson was not only instructed to make Columbia, the term "military chieftain;" and war upon Mr. Crawford, but that he was ad- that Mr. Calhoun had favored Mr. Adamso vised io guard against attacks upon Mr. Adams, pretensions uniil sir. Clay bad declared for Mr. under an apprehension that his friends would Adums. Mr. Crawford's object was to prevent be drawn to Mr. Crawford, as the caucus can- Mr Calhoun's deriving any benefit from the didate. That no sooner was it ascertained that election of Gen. Jackson, and he say's="Thie Mr. Adams, and not Mr. Crawford, was the real only difficulty that this state has upon the subrival, than Mr. Simpson was instructed to "pour ject, is, that if Jackson should be elected, Cal. oil” into the "wounds of Mr. Crawford's hon will come into power. I.confess I ateriat friends." ('The well informed reader knows apprehensive pf such a result; for
- sprites that it was through Mr. Simpson that honest to me" Jackson ought to know, and it he cloes George Kremer made the charge of bargain and not, he shall know that at the Calhoun caucus is intrigue against Mr. Clay and Mr. Adams.) That Columbia, the term "military chieftain”. was General Jackson waited upon dr. Crawford af- bandied about more flippanty than by Henry ter many years of personal alienation; that Clay; and that the family friends of Mr. Cial
, Mr. Van Buren and Mr. Cambreleng (after houn were most uctive in giving it currency: end Mr. Adams had refused to appoint M. Van I knou, personally that Mr. Calhoun lavored Mt. Buren Minister to England.) visited Mr. Adams' prêtensions until hlr. Clay declared for Crawford in April, 1827, (Mr. Adams was
him." Here was the ground upon which s. elected in February, 1825,) and then, for the Crawford's hopes of a breach between General first time, Mr. Crawford author zed them to let Jackson and Mr. Calhoun rested in December, his preference for General Jackson be knoxn;
1827. Huw flimsy they were will appear when that Mr. Balch wrote a letter to Mr. Crawford, we refer to the letters of Eston und Lexis advising him of the importance of a public de already cited.* We do not their hear of the claration of his preference, and that Mr. Craw* ford, in reply, charged that the term military chieftain was bandied about by Mr. Calhoun's houn, -when he published the correspondente,
* To this assertion of Jir. Crawford, Nr.Cal
. friends, at a caucus held in Columbia; that'published the following nole:
charge of hostility to General Jackson in whole conciliatory and friendly. He promises Mr. Monroe's cabinet. Mr. Crawford's object to write another. Our view of his power is was to produce a rupture between Gen. Jack. decidedly different from his, on which too we son and Mr, .Calhoun. . Why did he not, at acted without entertaining a suspicion that he that time, bring forward that charge ? - would misunderstand it. I am inclined 10 He was restrained by no consideralions of re- think that I had better answer this letter imme spect for the confidential nature of the cabinet diately. He may expect that his conception deliberations. We will explain much of the of his orders should appear by document in the mystery which has heretofore hung over this department: and it seeins to be proper that the transaction,
sense in which they were given and underMr. Calhoun appended to his supplemental stood by the deparment, after what has passed
letter, adressed to the public under date of shoulde be recorded there. A communication a 24th of February, 1831, the following copy of between you, on this head, and in this stage, a letter from Mr. Monroe to Mr. Calhoun: seems to be the more necessary from the pre
HIGHLAND, Scpt. 9, 1818. sumption ibat it may be my duty to state to “Dear Sır: I have General Jackson's reply Congress that he transcended his orders on his to my letter of July 19, from Washington, re- own responsibility, or at least to state the sense specting his taking possession of St. Marks and in wbich they were anderstood by us. Pensacola. He contends strenuously, that his sent nothing to this effect exists in your cororders left him free to adopt that course, if be respondence with him. It is in mine only, found it necessary to terminate the Seminole which is private. A communication on this
war: tnat orders of General Gaines, an inferior point may commence either with you or bir petxell officer, not referred to in the orders to him, or i will suggest it to him, thinking, as I do, that it
subsequent date, were inapplicable, and not had better begin with him. The affair may, I obligatory on him, especially as his enlarged hope, be terminated to the satisfaction of all the sphere of his duties. His letter is on the partie's. I will send you in a few days his leto
* Mr. Crawford's assertion that he knew deavors to sustain what he affirms he personally personally what be here affirms, renders it knew, I deem them wholly unworthy of nam proper to, make a few remarks. How he tice. could have any persunal knowledge of what he Additional note by the Editor of the Telestates, I am at a
oss to understand. Our politi- grapb: cal intercourse had ceased for years. We had
Mr. Crawford says, that she know's personal none siibsequent to the fall of 1821, and in fact ly, that Mr. Calhoun favored the pretensions of none of any kind after that, beyond the mere Mr. Adams until Mr. Clay declared for him." ordinary civilities of life.
Now, it is known that Mr. Kremer's letter to “My course in relation to the point in ques. the editor of the Columbian Observer, giving the tion was very different from what he states. first intimation that Mr. Clay would vote for When my name was withdrawn from the list of Mr. Adams, is dated, on the 25th of January, l'residential candidates, I assumed a perfectly
, 1825, and was published on the sth. Ic neutral position between General Jackson and seems that some one had intimated, early in D'. Adams. I was decidedly opposed to a December, that Mr. Calhoun and his friends Congressional caucus; as both tbese gentlemen would defeat the election of Gen. Jackson, in were also, and as I bore very endly personal order that, there being no election, he might and political relations to both, I would have become the President: and, accordingly, on the been very well satisfied with the election of ev- 13th of December, 1824, forty-two days before ther. When they were both returned to the it was suspected that Mr. Clúy would vote for House of Representatives, I found myself plac. Mr. Adams, Major Ealon wrote to Mr. Şimpson ed ina new relation to them. I was elected
as follows: Vice President by the people, and a sense of propriety forbade my interference in the elec. • Major Eaton to Mr. Simpson. won in the House; yet I could notavoid form
“WASHINGTON CITY, ing an opinion as to the principles that ought
"Sunday, 13th Dec. 1824. to govern the choice of the House. This opi “Dear Srx: In your paper, received to-day, nion was early formed, long before I bad ihe I perceive an editorial remark that Calhoun and least intimawon of the course of the prominent his friends will seek to produce a failure in the individual referred to by Mr. Crawford, and presidential election here, that he may succeed. was wholly independent of wliat might be his Your informant is in error; it is no friendewho course, or that of any other individual. What has made the conimunication. It is only nem thic principle is that in my opinion ought to cessary that you advert to the cxisting state of govern the House of Representatives in the political feeling to be assured of its untruth. case of a contested election, I leave to be in the friends of Mr. Crowford, it is evident, erred from my subsequent course. So com- would dislike Mr. Calhoun's acce:sion pletely did my course depend on what I con- than" cither Jackson or Adams. The friends of sidered a sound principle in the abstract, that the latter are two prominent, under any cirhad the position of the two leading candidates cumstances, to gire way; consequently, if Mr. before the House been reversed, it would not Crawford shall stand forth, Ohio, Missouri, and have influenced my course in the least degree. Kentucky holding the balance, and being un"As to the reasons by which Mr. Crawford en: committed, because for Mr. Clay, may make
ter, (with a former one,) with the answer which at what time, or by what means, or through I propose giving to it; which, if you see no ob- whose agency, I am to this day uninformed. jection to it, be so good as to foward to him. In December, 1827, I accidentally heard from But if you do, return it with your objections' to a gentleman of this city, in a conversation turnit. By coming from him, it will put you more ing on the subject of the feelings of Mr. Monroe at ease in your answer, and afford a better op- towards Gen. Jackson, (which I stated 1 ksen portunity for the exercise of kindness and libe- to be friendly,) that there was a letter of the rality. I shall attach no particular importance former in the lands of the latter, which afford. to the affair, in my letter, leaving the argumented conclusive proof of bis hostility to the Geto you and him, so far as it becomes necessary neral. Having found, some time before
, that to enter into it.”
the letter of Mr. Monroe to me of the Sth of
September, a copy of which is bereis annexMr. Calhoun speaks of this letter as follows: ed, was missing. I ascertained the fact by an
examination of the letter to me, that it as “This letter passed out of my possession in- missing, un a hint from a friend that there was to that of Gen. Jackson without my consent, but a letter written by Mr. Monroe, as it was sup“. the decision. Suppose they go for Crawford, ary, 1825;) yet, Mr. Eaton, on the 13th of there is no choice; suppose they go for Adams, December, 1924, wrote to Mr. Simpson, still there is no choice; for the reason that "Every Slate where Mr. Calhoun has been sup: their addition to the number of States given for posed to have any strength, will stand for Gen. either of those gentlemen makes not a majority Jackson; and what more can the General's of States. If these three States should go for friends desire than that they should be true and Mr. Adams, why, then with the addition of Mr: firm'to him?" Crawford's States, if thrown to him, he might “Do change your editorial remark, for the be elected, not else. Every Stale where Mr. reason that its tendency is alone to do injury Calhoun has been supposed to have any strength, to yourself; and do you build a contradiction will stand for General Jackson; and what more not on any communication received from Vashcan'the General's friends desire than tbat they ington; but base it on your own calçulation, should be true and firm to him?
and the high confidence repased on the imegrity of "Do change your editorial remark, for the Mr. Calhoun, and those who art his friends, five reason that its tendency is alone to do injury you may indeed rest it on such grounds there to yourself; and do you build a contradiction is nothing of il--no foundation for the surmise, not on any communication received from Wash. I verily believe." ington; but base it on your own calculation,
These documents convict Mr. Crawford of a and the high confidence reposed on the integrity deliberate calumny, and no honorable man cua of Mr. Calhoun, and those whoʻare his friends; be at a loss for a proper understanding of the for you may indeed rest it on such grounds motives which led Mr. Crawford to support there is noihing of il-no, foundation for the Gen. Jackson. That Major Eaton even af surmise, I yerily believe. I do therefore assure that moment, anderstood Sir. Crawford's paryou, Mr. Crawford can and will obtain the
vote ty, appears from his declaration to Mr. Simpson of the States of Delaware and Virginia, North that the friends of Mr. Crawford, it is evident
, Carolina and Georgia, perhaps New York; be- would dislike Mr. Calhoun's accession more yond this he cannot go. Suppose he gets Mr. than either Jackson or Adams." Major Eston Clay's three States, he will have five and 3–8. kgew, as far back as December
, 1894, that, to Mr. Adams will get New England, and perhaps obtain the support of Mr. Crawford and his N. Jersey, New York, and Illinois; no more--9. friends, Gen. Jackson must make war upon Mi; Jackson will have certainly Louisiana, Missis-Callioun; and, accordingly, in the progner of sippi, Alabama, Tennessee, Indiana, Pennsyl- time, we find Me, Van Buren cemering the vania, and South Carolina?; and then in his union between Crawford and Jackson; and the favor the perhaps for Ohio, Kentucky, Missouri
, 'coalition between these new alies, fullowed by, Jersey, Maryland, and North Carolina, are just an uncompromising warfare on Mr. Gullhoun s strong as for any body else—in all 13. south and his friends, commenced and prosecuted Carolina, Calhoun's strong ground, will be as without a shadow of a cause. Maj. Eaton knew, certainly for him as either Tennessee or Penn- in December, 1824, that the way to get the sylvania. Do not credit all you hear from this friendship of Mr. Crawford and his friends
, *** place. . Many and various conjectures will be to make war upon Mr. Calhoun. Why, was sent you; distrust them; for liere we have no- it not then done! The answer is, that lieneral thing but rumor, conjecture, and supposition; Jackson and his partisans could not spore Ns. and hence nothing to be confidea in fully, ai Calhoun's aid. In the progress of time, it beleast to the extent of giving publicity to.
came necessary to have the support of Mi.
Calhoun and Álr. Crawford both; and hence
assurances were given to Mr. Crawford, telst Mr. Crawford alleges that he knew, personal. Calhoun should not be benefitted by Jackson's ly, that "Mr. Calhoun favored Mr. Adams' election, at the same time Mr. Calhout was pretensions until Mr. Clay declared for him;" the head of the Jackson"party!!". Let the (the first suspicion of which, as appears from reader follow us through the derelopments Mr. Kremer's letter, was on the 25th of Janu. which are to follow, and he cannot duube.
posed, to me, which was out of my posses- January, 1828.* We ask the reader to note sion, and was intended to be used for political that this confidential letter refers to the construcpurposes. My friend could not inform me in tion which Mr. Monroe and Mr Calhoun, bolh whose possession the latter was. On hearing placed on General J.'s instructions. Mr. Mon. that there was a letter of Mr. Monroe's in Ge roe says, “Our views of his powers are deneral Jackson's possession, 1 concluded it must cidedly different from his;" and, also, “it may be the same, though I was utterly at a loss to be my duty to state to Congress, that he tranconjecture how it bad passed into his hands, scended his orders on his own responsibility.' or how he could conceive that it indicated un- Let him also look well to the dates and to the friendly feelings to him on the part of the wri- facts developed in the following extracts,' and
be will see why it was that the leiter was not "I communicated what. I had heard to the assumed as the basis of the quarrel with Mr. two Senators, at that time from Tennessee,
Calhoun. Judge White and Major Eaton, and my belief
James' A. Hamilton was delegated by Mr. that the letter in the possession of the Gene. Van Buren's party at New York io attend Gen: ral was 'Mr. Monroe's to me, and stated, if it Jackson as part of his suite to New Orleans. was, it would be in my power to show that the Hear what he says: letter, so far from being hostile, was directly “On my voyage during the winter of 1827 and of an opposite character. They wrote to the '28 from Nashville to New Orleans, in compaGeneral to ascertain if it was the one supposny with General Jackson and his suite, there ed; and I addressed a note to Mr. Monroe to was much conversation among the General's apprise him of what I had heard, and to re- friends, in which I participated, and particular. quest him to send me a copy of his private Ly with Major Lewis, in relation to the various correspondence with Gen. Jackson, (the one charges against General Jackson which the published with the correspondence between Presidential canvass had originated or renewed, Gen. Jackson and myself,) to be placed in the and particularly as to the unfriendly course Mr. hands of the two Senators, as explanatory of Crawford was supposed to have taken towards the letter in question, should it prove to be the the General in relation to the Seminole war. one supposed.
It being understood that I intended on my re“Whether the letter of Mr. Monroe, of the turn to New York to pass through Georgia, to 9th of September, which was purloined from avail myself of that opportunity to visit Mr. me, and passed into the hands of Gen. Jack - Crawford, Major Lewis desired me, or 1 offer. son, as has been stated, was intended as one of ed, to ascertain truly what occurred in Mr. the means of placing us in our present relations,
Monroe's cabinet deliberations in relation to a or was intended to excite'hostility between him proposition supposed to have been made to aranch Mr. Morfroe, I am now unable to say: Ai rest General Jackson for his conduct in that first I supposed the latter, but subsequent war, and to inform him of the result, in order, events leave it doubtful. The letter was final. as I understood, that he might be prepared to ly returned to me by General Jackson, but repel an attack on General Jackson that was an without explanation of the manner in which it licipated, connected with that subject, but,
above all, if possible to produce a perfect recame to his hands.
conciliation between those gentlemen and their “Having so long remained in the possession respective friends. of the General, and been the subject of a correspondence, I might have adduced it in my hoped to see Mr. Crawford, i ascertained that
"On my arrival at Sparta, (Georgia) where I. correspondence with him, as conclusive proof he lived so far out of my way, that to go to bis that he ought to have known that my construc-house, would delay me in my journey eight or tion of his orders in the Seminole war coin- ten days, and that it was probable I would not dided with Mr. Monroe's, and consequently dif- find him at home when I should arrive there. fered from his own. I was restrained, however, I therefore pushed on to Savannah, whence, on from doing so, by considerations which may be the 25th January, 1828, I wrote to Mr. Forsyth easily conceived, but as the letter is neces- the letter referred to by him in his letter to sarily connected with the immediate subject of Mr. Calhoun, dated May 31st,. 1830. As I did this statement, I am now obliged to present it not retain a copy of that letter I must speak of to the public as a part of my vindication."
its contents from recollection. By it I informWe proceed to explain, in part, the mystery Mr. Lee returned from New Orleans in comwhich yet bangs over this letter. Early in the pany with Gen. Jackson, and in the autumn of session of 1826-7 this letter was in the posses- that year he visited the north with introductory sion of Major H. Lee and Gen. Houston, then letters, addressed by Gen. Jackson to promia representative in Congress from Nashville nent individuals in those States. He met Mr. district; suspicion rests on a Mr. who Van Buren near Albany, and Mr. Spesker Stetive individnal who placed it in the hands of one derstood thạt be was a confidential agent of of them. Major Lee went to Nashville in the Gen. Jackson. He returned to ille, Hermitage spring of 1827, under & pretext of writing Gen. and accompanied the President to Washington, Jackson's biography, and remained with him He was immediately afterwards appointed conuntil he visited New Orleans on șhe 8tli oflsul to Algiers.
ed him of my disappointment in not having the import of that part which, it was under been premitted by my arrangements to visit stood, was not to be considered as confidential' Mr. Crawford, the inquiry I wished to make of si In reply to my inquiry." whether, at any him as above stated, and requested him when meeting of Mr. Monroe's cabinet
, the propriety he should meet Mr. Crawford, to show him my of arresting Gen. Jackson, for any thing done letter, and communicate the result to me at by him during the Seminole war, had been a New York.
any time discussed?" You answered: u$uch “On my arrival at Washington, in February, a measure was not thought of-much less disI resided, during the day or two I remained cussed. The only point before the cabinet was there, in the same house with the Vice Presi. the answer to be given to the Spanish Goremdent; and being anxious to obtain the informa. ment.” tion before referred to--(having, as I feared, lost “I am thus particular, in endeavoring to asthe opportunity to do so from Mr. Crawford)-certain from you whether my recollection is after advising with a very honorable and discreet faithful or not in regard to this part of our comfriend, residing in the same bouse, as to the versation, because I wish to fulàl the object of propriety of doing so, I requested an interview my inquiry, by confirming Major Lewis acon with Mri Calboun, which was granted. When fidential friend of General Jackson's, at Nashe we met, I asked Mr. Calhoun swhether, at any ville, in the truth; not with a view to his make meeting of Mr. Monroe's cabinet, the propriety ing a publication on the subject at present
, but of arresting Gen. Jackson, for any thing done to be prepared against an apprehended attack, by him during the Seminole war, had been at founded on events connected with that can. any time discussed?" To which he replied -paign." "Never: such a measure was not thought of, much less discussed. The only point before the cabinet was the answer that was to be given
Mr. Calhoun to Mr. Hamilta. to the Spanish government."
"Washingtos, March 2, 1823. "Our conversation was extended, and, on his part, embraced much that I have never felt
“Dear Sir: I received, three days since, myself at liberty to disclose. After he had your letter of the 25th Februay, and have seiz gone over the whole ground, in order to avoided the first leisure moment to answer it. the possibility of mistake, I asked the Vice
“ In the conversation to which your letter al President whether he considered his answer to ludes, I supposed, as you did not state the ob my question, affording me the information to ject, that your inquiry, as to what had passed obtain which I had sought the interview, con.
on a particular point in the cabinet deliberation fidential or not. He replied that it vias not.
on the Seminole question, was to abtain inforpoom, I sought the gentleman with whom I had Presidential election. My answer was accord
. “When I retired froin the Vice President's mation, in order to meet more general rumor,
falsely put out to influence the result of the advised, and communicated to him with sincere I think I also mentioned is to another gentle. authority of any name in the same general para pleasure the statement Mr. Calhoun had made.ingly predicated on such supposition, and was
intended to meet assertions unsupported by the man, who was of the same house; and the next morning, at an early hour; I left Washington mitted even with that view to the denial of what
ner without a name; and was intended to be li for New York, where I arrived on the 1715 of February. On the 19th I wrote a letter to that your object is more specific. You state that
was falsely stated to have occurred. I now learn Major Lewis, of which the following extract is
you desire the information because I wish to all that relates to the subject: " "I did not see Mr. Crawford, as Lintended
fulfil the object of my inquiry by confirming to do, because he was seventy miles out of my Jackson, at Nashville, in the truth; not wit
Major Lewis, a confidential friend of General way;
; but the Vice President, who, you know the view of his making a publication on the was ihat member of the cabinet best acquainted with the subject, told me Gen. Jackson's arrest subject at present, but to be prepared against was never thought of, much less discussed."" an apprehended attack, founded on events con
nected with that campaign." I hare
, under To a proper understanding of this transaction this aspect of the subject, deliberately consider it is necessary that we should publish the fol. ed how far I could, with propriety, speak of the owing correspondence between Mr. Calhoun proceedings of the cabinet at all
, which has reand Ýr. Hamilton. It will be found in the sulted in the conviction that a duty of a very Weekly Telegrapil, Vol. IV., pages 410 and high and delicate character imposes on me si: 411, appended to Mr. Calhoun's supplemental lence. address to the public.
No relation can be more confidential than
that between the President and members of Copy of @letter from Mr. Hamilton to Mr. Cal the cabinet às his constitutíonal advisers houn, relating to the deliberations of the Cabi- Charged as he is with the executive duties of net on the Seminole question.
the Government, which were vested in a single ** "New York, February 25, 1828. "DEAR SIR: To avoid mistake as to what pass cution, it is manifest that to divulge the cabinet
person to give energy and promptitude in exeed between us at the conversation I had the ho. deliberations by any of its members of puld in, nor to hold with you, the evening before I left troduce distrust and discord, and thereby tend! Washington, I submit to you the following, as to defeat, in this important particular
, the obo