« ForrigeFortsett »
ject of the constitution. Nor, on a point so de M. Humilton to Mr, Calhoun.
“New York, March 10, 1928. opinion, be justified by reference to the impor
“Dear Sir: I have received your letter of tance of the object intended to be effected by the 2d instant. Your reasoning as to the confia disclosure of its proceedings. Deeply as any.dence which ought to observed in regard to man of correct feelings must reprobate the occurrences in the cabinet is so clear and confoul attacks on General Jackson, and as impor- clusive as to command universal assent. tant as 'every patriot must consider the defence
“I have written to Major Lewis to day, that of his character against such attacks in this your name is not to be used in any manner in great political struggle, involving, as I sincerely connexion with the denial, should a publicabelieve, the liberties of the country, yet I can- tion be called for at any time, which I do not not reconcile it to my sense of duty, even for believe will be the case. such an object, to do an act tending in any degree to weaken, by its example, the confidence rest by a communication I received after I wrote
“The subject has acquired increasing inte. which ought to exist between the chief magis- to you. trate and his constitational advisers; and I am
With very great respect,
* Your ob't serv't, greatly mistaken if General Jackson would not be the last man to assent to be so defended. - To the Vice President of the United States,
“JAMES A. HAMILTON. It is, however, a satisfaction, in pursuing the
Mr. Calhoun to Mr. Hamilton.
“ Washingtox, 15th March, 1828. but that he has enemies atrocious enough to
“DEAR SIR: On reflection, it has appeared revert to the most diabolical falsehoods in or- to me desirable, on several accounts, that if an der to wound his reputation; 'but it is manifest attack on General Jackson is meditated in the that an attack of the kind supposed, cannot be manner supposed, I should be put in possession made with the slightest prospect of success of the facts from which it is inferred. My without the countenance of some one of the knowledge of the facts, might enable me to asmembers of Mr. Monroe's cabinet at that time, certain from what quarter the blow might be and I cannot admit the possibility that any one expected, and to take measures to parzy it. can be so lost to honor and duty, as to be ,If you should concur in this view, and the agent or instrument in such an attack. But, should feel yourself at liberty to make a comif what seems to me impossible, should prove munication of what you know, it might prove otherwise by there being found one base enough ultimately serviceable to the cause. Whatever to lend himself to such a purpose, then would it you may communicate, will be received in become a question worthy of grave consideration strict confidence. on the part of the other members to determine “ With great respect, &c. &c. &c. whether, under all the circumstances of the
“J. C. CALHOUN. case, duty would not impose an obligation, in
“James A: Hamilton, Esq."
"New York, March 20, 1828.
“Dear Sır: In reply to your letter of the not be bound to disclose what was necessary ted to disclose to you what I know of the matto the vindication of the character of General ter to which it refers. Jackson, assailed in the manner supposed. 6. The information I received was not deShould such a case occur, thougla to me appa- clared to be confidential, nor was it, from its rently impossible, I may, with confidence, ap- character necessarily so; and yet, as it was compeal to the past, to prove that I would not be municated to me only because I could be in-, wanting in zeal to go as far as duty would strumental in obtaining the means of resistance, admit in defending the character of General I feel that, having done so, I ought to consider Jackson; and in maintaining, in his person, the myself as no longer possessed of the informagreat cause of liberty and the constitution. tion.
“ Entertaining these views, you will see that “I have great pleasure in assuring you that I decline the introduction of my name, in any I believe the anticipation was groundless. shape, as connected with what passed in the
“With great respect, cabinet on the occasion to which you refer.
“ Your obedient servant, What I stated in conversation was negative in
"JAMES A. HAMILTON. its character, and intended, as above stated, to “The Vice President of the U. S. Washington.' enable you to meet, by a general contradiction, without the introduction of my name, what I To this we add Mr. Forsyth's letter to Mr supposed existed only in the shape of rumor; Hamilton which was made the pretext for the and I must request you to consider it as limited rupture between the President and Vice Preto that purpose only."
sident. It was published in the correspondence, and will be foune page 324 Weekly Tele. Igraph, Vol. IV.,
From Mr. Forsyth to Mr. Hamilton. tunity to visit Mr. Crawford, Major Lewis de.
sired me, or I offered, to ascertain truly what
occurred in Mr. Monroe's cabinet deliberations “ Dear Sir: Our friend, Wm: H. Crawford in relation to a proposition supposed to have was in this place a few hours yesterday on pri- been made to arrest Gen. Jacks in for his convate business. I had very unexpectedly an duct in that war, and to inform him of the rs: opportunity to comply with the request made sult." in your letter dated Savannah, January 25th. Mr. Hamilton tells us that having reached I had a long conversation with Mr. C., and af- Sparta, he ascertained that Mr. Crawford list
. terwards read to him your letter. He regret- ed so far out of the say that it would delaj
ed timt your engagements did not permit you him some eight or ten days, and, therekre, he to pay him a passing visit. By his authority I went to Savannab, and wrote thence to Mr. state, in reply to your inquiry, that a meet- Forsyth, and requested him to obtain from Mr. ing of Mr. Monroe's cabinet to discuss' the Crawford the information which he wanted. Il course to be pursued towards Spain in conse will strike the reader as a little remarkable, quence of General Jackson's proceedings in what Mr. Hamilton should have travelled all the Floricla during the Seminole war, Mr. Calhoun, way to Georgia for the purpose, as he alleges the Secretary of the War Department, submitted of visiting Mr. Crawford; and that, when he to and urged upoħ the President, the propriety
, reached Sparta, within seventy miles of Me
. and necessity of arresting and trying General C.'s residence, he turned off to Augus'a, be. Jackson. Mr. Monroe was very much annoyed cause, to visit Mr. Crawford, would delay bim by it; expressed a belief that such a step would
on his journey !! Incredible!! not meet the public approbation; 'that General
It will be seen in the sequel, that Mr. ForJackson had performed too much public service syth, was well informed as to all the maters to be treated as a younger or subaltern officer about which Mr. H. bad promised to make the might, without shocking public opinion. Mr. inquiries. It is apparent that this proposed Adams spoke with great violence against the visit to Mr. Crawford was political
, and that proposed arrest, and justified the General Mr. H. had ascertained that his object could be throughout, vehemently urging the President better accomplished by the agency of Mr. F. to make the cause of the General that of the ad- syth than by his own visit. Who can doubt ministration.
that the object was to interpose as many agents • In consequence of the strong excitement pro- as possible
between Mr. Crawford and Mt. Can duced by the President's obvious embarrass- Buren, who was Mr. Hamiltons principal But ment, Mr. Crawford interposed in the discus- to proceed. sion, and suggesting that there was no necessity
Mr. Hamilton ayowa that the object of his for deciding upon the course to be pursued to visit was, “ if possible
, to produce a perfect wards the General, as the question for which the reconciliation between those gennemen (Mr. cabinet was convened did not required it. They Crawford and Gen. Jackson) and their respec ivere called to determine how Spain was to be tive friends." How was this to be done ' Mi, treated in relation to the Florida
affair; the con- Crawford's letter to Mr. Belch, gives the only duet of the General was a matter exclusively condition on which he supported the re-election in which, however Spain might fee! interested, could produce a rupture between Gen. Jack. between the General and his own Government
; of Gen. Jackson; it was his confidence that he she had no right to meddle. The subject was son and Mr. Calhoun; and when we rememnet then disposed of, and was not renewed. 6" Mr. Calhoun had previously communicated then had in possession Atr
. Monroe's letter to
that Major Lee, who was one of the pariya to Mr. Crawford his intention to present the Mr. Calhoun, no one can doubt tbat that lerret question to Mr. Monroe ; an intention Mr.
was the fruitful source their consultatigas Crawford approved, although not believing as he stated to Mr. Calhoun, that General Jackson much conversation” between Lewis, Liet, wie
or, to use Mr. Hamilton's own words, "ht would be either arrested or censured by the Hamilton; and it is also apparent, tha Ms President.
Hamilton had beard that Str. Caldun bad “ With great respect,
made'a proposition to arrest General Jack50.), "I am, dear sir, yours,
because be says that he promised to visit : “ JOHN FORSYTH.
Crawford, to ascertain truly what had occurred “Major JAMES A. Hamilton, New York.”
in Mr. Honroe's cabinet deliberations, in relu It will be seen tliat Mr. Hamilton says, that tion to a proposition to ARREST Gen, Jack there was much conversation among the Gene. son for his conduct in that war. (See Mr. ral's friends, in which
he participated, and par- Hamilton's address to the public, ja the Nes ucularly with Major Lewis, in relation to the York Evening Post of Feb. 24, 1831.
) And he various charges against Gen. Jackson which also says, that after reaching home, he wrote ao the presidential canvass had originated or re- Mr. Lewis, on the 19th of Febtuary, 1833, as newed, and particularly as to the unfriendly
follows: course Mr. Crawford was supposed to have taken towards the General in relation to the to do, because he was sevenly* miles vuz of my
"I did not see Mr. Crawlord, as I intended Seminole war. "It being understood that I intended, on my return to New York, to pass through Georgia, to avail myself of that oppor. Mr. Hamilton, who Had travelled all the way
Only seventy miles! Why, tlien, did not
way ; but the Vice President, who you know The letter of Mr. Monroe to Mr. Crawford, Was that member of the cabinet best acquainted stolen from the latter, and placed in the hands with the subject, told me that, Gen. Jackson's of Gen. Jackson by Houston and Lee, was exarrest was never thought of, much less dis- plieit, as to the question of power delegated by cussed.".
his ordtrs; but that said nothing of the "ARREST. These extracts show that the question of the and Lee knew at that time, (in December, 1827,)
It is thụsadmitted by Hamilton, that he and Lewis arrest of Gen. Jackson was the topic of the that Mr. Calhoun had been charged by Mr. “much conversation” between Lewis, Lee, Crawford with having made the pwposition. and Hamilton, on their
way down the river; The question is, how did they obtain this inforthat they then knew that Mr. Crawford had
mation? said that the proposition had been made by Mr.
The answer is given in Mr. Forsyth's letCalhoun; for Mr. H. tells us, that the object of his visit to Mr. Crawford was not only “to as.
ter to the editor of the Telegraph, dated at certain truly what had transpired in the cabi- Georgetown, February 19th, 1831. [ See Weeknet deliberations, in relation to a proposition to
ly Telegraph vol. 4, part 1, page 396.] Mr. Forarrest Gen. Jackson,” but, if possible, to pro- him to furnish the President with the informa
syth, speaking of Mr. Hamilton's application to duce a perfect reconciliation between those tion contained in his letter to Mr. H., dated 8th gentlemen (Mr. Crawford and Gen. Jackson) of February, 1828, says: and their respective friends." No one can for a moment suppose, that Mr. Hamilton could “ I then said, Mr. Crawford spoke to me, and entertain any hope of producing a “perfect re- speaks to every body, of this affair (the propoconciliation between Gen. Jackson and Mr. sition to arrest) with the same indifference that Crawford, by ascertaining that Mr. Crawford he does of any other incident of his public life. had made a proposition to arrest Gen. Jackson. I am sure he does not oare what you do with the That he expected Mr. Crawford to say that Mr. letter: you may give the President a' copy." Calhoun had made the proposition, appears Now, if we suppose that Mr. Crawford, who, from his letter to Lewis, referring to the con- it seems, " spoke to every body" about the arrest versation which they had had on their way at the same time that he authorized. Mr. Van down the river, and which led to his proposi- Buren and Mr. Cambreleng, in April, 1827, to tion 10 see Mr. Crawford on the subject. In make known his opinions on the Presidential that letter he said: "I did not see Mr. Craw-election, also told them, as he told Mr. Forsyth, ford, as I intended to do, because ho was seven, that Mr. "Calhoun had made a proposition to “arty miles out of my way; but the Vice Presi- rest” Gen. Jackson; and if we suppose that Mr. dent, whom you know was that member of the Van Buren, at the time that he deputed Mr. cabinet best acquainted with the subject, told Hamilton, as his “ deputy,” to attend General me that Gen. Jackson's arrest was never thought Jackson to New Orleans,communicated it to him, of, much less discussed."
and that Mr. Hamilton, as instructed, repeated It is thus apparent that Major Lewis, Mr. the same to Gen. Jackson, Major Lee, and Major Lee, and Mr. Hamilton, at the time they were Lewis, and we have satisfactorily accounted for descending the river in December, 1827, knew the way in which the subject came to be the that Mr. Crawford had said that Mr. Calhoun topic of so “ much conversation” between those had made the proposition to arrest Gen. Jack. gentlemen.
How did they arrive at that knowledge? We find that our quotations have swelled It is true that Mr. Forsyth, in his letter to Mr. our narratiye.so much that we must postpone, Hamilton, dated Sth of February, 1828, says: to another number, some very impoftant evi
“By his (Mr. Crawford's) authority, I state, dence which casts a volume of new light on this in reply to your i ry, that at a meeting of most profligate conspiracy to destroy the charMr. Monroe's cabine, to discuss the course to acter of Mr. Calhoun; the object of which has be pursued towards Spain, in consequence of been from the first to identify Martin Van Gen. Jackson’s proceedings in Florida, during Buren with Andrew Jackson, and, by putting the Seminole war; Mr. Calhoun, the Secretary
him up as a party candidate, transfer the party of the War Department, submitted to, and urg. But we cannot close this without first contra
to him as the successor of General Jackson. ed upon, the President, the propriety and necessity of arresting and trying Gen. Jackson.” dicting, in the most unqualified terms, the as
sertion of Mr. Crawford. The reader will be But neither Mr. Lewis, Mr. Hamilton, or Mr. surprised to learn that, although the charge that Lee had this letter when they had so much Mr. Calhoun made a proposition to arrest Gen, conversation” on their way down the river, in eral Jackson is set forth in such unqualified December. It was to obtain this statement, that terms in Mr. Forsyth's letter to Mr. Hamilton, Mr. Hamilton volunteered to visit Mr. Crawford. the truth is that no such proposition was ever
made by Mr. Calhoun or any body else. from New Orleans to Sparta, for the purpose of Mr. Forsyth, in his letter of the 19th of Feb. seeing Mr. Crawford, travel these seventy miles? ruary, 1831, "before referred to, says "the in The answer is clear. If we suppose that he formation was no longer a matter of indifferfell in with Mr. Forsyth, and that they arranged ence, and I did not choose to give it to the Prethe plan by which a written statement could be sident without apprising Mr. Crawford that he obtained, the mystery is esplained
and Mr. Calhoun differed in their accounts of
the transaction, and, without submitting to him came into power, that General Jaotoa mi my statement of our conversation for correction, gratify the passion of his old age; that, led bt if it was in any respect erroneous; I obtained for the vile dependants who surround him, and shat that
purpose, and enclosed to him a copy of my out the influence of honorable men, be may letter to Major Hamilton. His answer is before appoint Martin Van Buren his successar? We the public. I found, to my surprise, that I had say reader pause-ask yourself if Mr. Calhoun, ERRED IN REPEATING WHAT HE HAD SAID, and, to and the humble individual who addresses you avoid the possibility of another mistake, I deem- are not justified for separating from the Jackson ed it safest to send to the". President a copy of party? Have not all our predictions about Mr. my letter to Major Hamilton, and Mr. Craw-Van Buren become prophecy? fard's letter to me.” So much for Mr. Forsyth. But although
reserve one of the most imNow for Mr. Crawford. ' In his letter of the portant features of this conspiracy to be expos. 30th of April, 1830, addressed to Mr. Forsyth, ed in another number, there is one aspeet which and published in the correspondence between properly belongs to this
. It is the duplicity General Jackson and Mr. Calhoun, (see Week: which betrays the hidden purpose of the cena ly Telegraph, vol. 4, page 324,) Mr. Crawford spirators. says " As Mr. Calhoun did not PROPOSE TO AR It is apparent, as we have said, that Mt. Ha. BEST GENERAL JACKSON, I feel confident that I milton could not expect "to produce a perfect could not have made use of that word in my re. reconciliation between” Mr. Crawford and Ge lation to you of the circumstances which trans- neral Jackson, by obtaining from Mr. Cnr. pired in the Cabinet." ,
ford a declaration that he had proposed to e But that the reader may see the pretext upon rest General Jackson, and that the known as which Mr. Van Buren has placed the contro-lation between the parties, and the declaration versy between Gen. Jackson and Mr. Calhoun, that he volunteered to visit Mr. Crawford far we place the charge as contained in Mr. For the purpose of ascertaining from him what had syth's letter, and Mr. Crawford's reply, in par- transpired in the cabinet relative to a proposi allel columns.
tion to arrest General Jackson, coupled with Extract from Mr. For- Extract from Mr. Craw- the assertion that his object was to produce, it
ryth's letter to Mr. ford's letter to Mr. possible, a perfect reconciliation between GeHamilton, 8th of Feb. Forsyth, dated 30th neral Jackson and Mr. Crawford, and their fi 1828.
April, 1830. spective friends, is conclusive that he (Mr. Ha“By his authority I As Mr. Calhoun
milton) knew that Mr. Crawford would say
that Mr. Calhoun bad made the proposition. inquiry, that at a meet- arrest General Jack- there was no concealment Yet, when M. H. state, in reply to your did not propose to We, therefore, find, that to Mr. Forsyth ing of Mr. Monroe's son, I feel confi- reached Washington, he took lodgings in the cabinet to discuss the dent that I could not course to be pursued have made use of that the subject to Mr. Calhoun
, he first topkocour
same house with him, and before he mentioned towards Spain in con; word in my relation to sel with a very honorable and discreet friend." sequence of General you of the circumstanJackson's proceedings ces which transpired
* We heard an anecdote which we believe to in Florida, during the in the cabinet." Seminole war, Mr.Cal.
be true, but, although we have it upon authori houn, the Secretary of
ty which we do not question, these are times the War Department,
when the slightest variation will call forth 29 submitted to and urg
extraordinary contradiction. We, therefore, do ed upon the President.
not vouch for its trith, although we beliere the
statement which we are ghout to make is strict the propriety and .ne.
ly true. It is this : cessity of arresting and
Mr. Hamilton having been delegated to go to trying General Jack
New Orleans, as Mr. Van Buren's deputy, pre
pared an address to be delivered on the We hear the reader exclaim, is it possible"
battle ground,” which he submitted to the that Mr. Calhoun did not propose to arrest Ge- revision and correction of a very honorable neral Jackson what then produced the rupture and
discreet friend,” who finding it easier to between them? This is a very natural inquiry, write a new address than to mend the old one, and will be gratified if the reader will have furnished the deputy with a«« ready made patience to peruse our next, in which we will speech," which, being conned by rote, was de present General Jackson in a character which livered with such effect, that the “Hero," by way cannot fail to excite the alarm, arouse the in. of manifesting his admiration and his gratitude, digpation, and provoke the resentment of every deputed to the deputy the task of preparing candid, dispassionate reader, who will permit the Inaugural address! This task was also reason, truth, and honest regard for the best transferred to this same very honorable and interest of prosperity, to operate on his judg. discreet friend,” but executed by a si Jearned ment. In the mean time, reader, we ask you to messmate and colleague, whose brother-in-lav pause, and weigh well the responsibility which was afterwards removed from a lucrative office
, rests on you; will you remain the victim of the which was bestowed as a reward upon the supo vile intrigue which has dissolved the Jackson posed author!! Such we believe to be the # party, and violated every principle on which it cret history of that able State paper, and per
T For Mr. hari that 2011
abl Geni SIPI fact
Why this precaution ? Mr. Calhoun was the to me only because I could be instrumental in
friend of General Jackson. Next, why did he obtaining the means of resistance, I feel that - 42 set up the pretence that his object in seeking having done so I ought to consider myself as 20 the information from Mr. Calhoun was to con- no longer possessed of the information.
El. firm “ Major Lewis a confidential friend of Ge “I have great pleasure in assuring you that kun neral Jackson, at Nashville, in the truth; not I believe the anticipation was groundless. with a view to his making a publication on the
“With great respect, Les subject at present, but to be prepared against
« Your obedient servant, an apprehended attack founded on events con
“ JAMES A. HAMILTON.” The nected with that campaign.” See Hamillon's Now, let the reader compare these letters letter to Mr. Calhoun, February 25, 1828,) with the facts and subsequent events. Hamil
The object, in seeking to obtain from ton says that he visited Georgia for the purpose * Mr. Calhoun a written denial that any proposi. of reconciling Jackson and Crawford, and their teu tion to arrest General Jackson had been made, friends, and that as connected with this, be pro"si was to convict him of having told a falsehood mised Lewis, a “confidential friend” of Gene
to conceal it, when he should, in the fulness of ral Jackson, to ascertain truly (from Mr. Craw
time, be convicted by the testimony of Mr. ford) what occurred in Mr. Monroe's cabinet 135 Crawford, and, as was supposed, of Mr. Mon deliberations, in relation to the proposition to
roe's entire cabinet, of having made the propo- arrest General Jackson; and, accordingly, we sition himself. That the purpose of the plot find that, in his letter to Mr. Calhoun of the
to attack Mr. Calhoun, instead of to 10th of March, he says, “I have written to defend General Jackson as was pretended, is Major Lewis to say that your name is not to be apparent–because Mr. Forsyth's letter con- used in any manner in cỏnnexion with the detainirg Mr. Crawford's allegation that Mr. nial, should a publication be called for at any Calhoun did make the proposition to arrest time, which Ì do not believe will be the case. General Jackson, bears date on the 8th of Feb- And in the same letter, he says, “ The subject ruary ; Mr. Hamilton's letter, asking Mr. Cal. has acquired increasing interest by a communihoun to say that no such proposition was made, cation I received after I wrote to you.”. bears date on the the 25th, and no one can That the communication which gave increasdoubt, that he had Mr. Forsyth’s Jetter of ing interest to the subject, was Mr. Forsyth's the 8th in his possession, at the time his of the letter of the 8th of February, containing Mr. 25th was written, although he says in his of Crawford's charge that Mr. Calhoun had made the 10th of March, “the subject has acquired the proposition, to arrest, is apparent. That increasing interest by a communication I re- communication informed Mr. Hamilton that the ceived after I wrote to you."
proposition had been made, and made too by The communication here referred to is Mr. ' Mr. Calhoun, the leader, the main pillar of the Forsyth's letter. ' In addition to the fact that Jackson party. Yet, when Mr. Calhoun asked Mr. Crawford had charged Mr. Calhoun with Mr. H. to be put in possession of the facts, that having made the proposition, Mr. H. supposed he might be enabled to take measures to pary that Mr. Calhoun had been guilty of the folly the blow, Mr. H. replies, “I regret to say that I and the baseness to deny what he had done, am not permitted to disclose to you what I and which, if true, could be so easily proved. know of the matter to which it refers.” And For when Mr. Calhoun on the 15th of March, reiterates, “I have great pleasure in assuring 1828, wrote to Mr. Hamilton, as follows: you that I believe the anticipation (of an attack “On reflection, it has appeared to me desir- upon General Jackson)was groundless."
How did Mr. H. arrive' at the belief that the able on several accounts, that: if an attack on apprehension was “groundless?". Was the in. General Jackson is meditated in the manner formation contained in Mr. Forsyth's letter calsupposed, I should be put in possession of the culated to put his fears at rest? If the statefacts from which it is inferred. My knowledge ments contained in that letter were true, they of the facts, might enable me to ascertain from gave great cause to fear that an attack would what quarter the blow might be expected, and be made; and as Mr. H. must have apprehended to take measures to pay it.”
that the authority of Mr. Calhoun's name would Mr. Hamilton replied, under date of 20th of operate greatly to the prejudice of General March :
Jackson, if he had, as he pretended to Mr. Cal.
houn, supposed that an attack upon General “ In reply to your letter of the 15th in- Jackson was contemplated, instead of refusing, stant, I regret to say that I am permitted under a pretence that the information was of a to disclose to you what I know of the matter to confidential character, to impart the facts to Mr. which it refers.”
Calhoun, he would have availed himself of the “ The information I received was not declared earliest moment to lay before Mr. Calhoun' a to be confidential
, nor was it from its character copy of Mr. Forsyth's letter, that he might exnecessarily so; and yet as it was communicated plain the apparent contradiction. But no-in
stead of doing so he immediately wrote to Mahaps this is the best apology that can be made jor Lewis, and no one can doubt that he transfor the flagrant violations of its principles, per- mitted to him, for the purpose of their being petrated through the whole course of General laid before General Jackson, copies of Mr. For Jackson's administration,
syth's letter, and also of Mr. Calhoun's denial,