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on me, or in any way connected with the com- cessity for giving it an immediate answer, I de. FLUKE prehensive command that I should terminate layed it until my return here. e Bernleihe Seminole con Aict. On the contrary, so I was sorry to find that you understood your E. * far are they from being designated as my guide instructions relative to operations in Florida,

and limits in entering Florida, that, in stating differently from what we intended. I was sa

their substance in the ensuing sentence, no al- tisfied, however, that you had good reason for real lusion whatever is made either to means or lim- your conduct, and have acted in all things on ilation.

that principle. By supposing that you under. How, then, can it be said with propriety that stood them as we did, I concluded that you pro

I have transcended the limits of my orders, or ceeded on your own responsibility alone, in watu acted on my own responsibility? My order was which, knowing the purity of your motives, I

as comprehensive as it could be, and contained have done all that I could to justify the measure. estas neither the minute original instructions, or a re- I well knew, also, the misconduct of the Spanish

ference to others previously given to guide and authorities in that quarter, not of recent date only.

govern me. The fullest discretion was left with Finding that you had a different view of your se je me in the selection and application of means to power, it remains only to do justice to you on

de effect the specifical legitimate objects of the that ground. Nothing can be further from my cik ties campaign; and for the exercise of a sound dis- intention than to expose you to a responsibility,

cretion on principles of policy am I alone re- in any sense, which you did not contemplate. sponsible. But allow me to repeat, that re The best course to be pursued seems to me sponsibility is not feared by me, if the general to be for you to write a letter to the Departgood requires its assumption. I never have ment, in which you will state, that, having reashrunk from it, and never will; but against its son to think that a difference of opinion existed imposition on me, contrary to principle, and between you and the Executive, relative to the without the prospect of any politic result, I extent of your powers, you thought it due to must contend with all the feelings of a soldier yourself to state your view of them, and on and a citizen. Being advised that you are at which you acted. This will be answered, so as your country seat in Loudoun, where I expect to explain ours, in a friendly manner by Mr.

this will reach you, I enclose you a copy of the Calhoun, who has very just and liberal sentiLoks van order to me of the 26th December, 1817, and ments on the subject. This will be necessary

copies of the orders of General Gaines therein in the case of a call for papers by Congress, or referred to; from a perusal of which, you will may be. Thus we shall all stand on the ground perceive that the order to me has no reference of honor, each doing justice to the other, which to those prohibitory orders to General Gaines, is the ground on which we wish to place each that you have referred to.

other. I hope that your health is improved, and It will afford me pleasure to aid the Govern. Mrs. Monroe unites in her best respects to ment in procuring any testimony that may be Mrs. Jackson. necessary to prove the hostility of the officers With great respect, and sincere regard, of Spain to the United States. I had supposed

I am, dear Sir, yours, that the evidence furnished, had established

JAMES MONROE. that fact--that the officers of Spain had identi Maj. Gen. A. Jackson, Nashville, Tenn. fied themselves with our enemy, and that St. Marks and Pensacola were under the complete

D. control of the Indians, although the Governor Extract from General Jackson's letter of Novem. of Pensacola at least had force sufficient to have

ber 15, 1818, to Mr. Monroe. controlled the Indians, had he chosen to have Dear Sir: On my return from the Chickaused it in that way. For the purpose of pro- saw treaty, I found it necessary to pass by Milcuring the necessary evidence of the hostile ton's Bluff, where I had established some hands acts of the Governor of Pensacola, I despatch- for the culture of cotton, hearing it had been ed Captain Young, topographical engineer, and laid out for a town and the lots sold, to have as as soon as obtained, will be furnished you. I much of my crop preserved as existing circumtrust, on a view of all my communications, (co-stances would permit

. From thence I took pies of which have been forwarded by Captain Huntsville in my route, and did not reach the Gadsden,) you will find that they do not bear Hermitage until the 12th instant, and on the 13th the construction you have given them. They received your letter of the 20th ultimo; from were written under bad health, great fatigue, an attentive perusal of which, I have concluded and in haste. My bad health continues : I la that you have not yet seen my despatches from bor under great bodily debility.

Ford Gadsden, of the fifth of May last, which it Accept assurances of my sincere regard and is reported reached the Department of War by esteem; and am, respectfully, your most obe- due course of mail, and owing to the negligence dient servant, ANDREW JACKSON. of the clerks was thrown aside as a bundle of JAMES MONROE, President U. S.

revolutionary and pension claims. This I sincerely regret, as it would have brought to your

view the light in which I viewed my orders. James Monroe to. Gen Andrew Jackson. The closing paragraph of this despatch is in the

WASHINGTON, October 20th, 1818. following words:
Dear Sir: I received your letter of the 19th “I trust, therefore, that the measures which
of August, while I was at home, on my farm in have been adopted in pursuance of your in-
Albemarle; and there appearing to be no ne 'structions, under a firm conviction that they

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are calculated to ensure peace and security to would afford me great pleasure to hear that the the southern frontier of Georgia.”

Colonel was comfortably seated in an office in The moment, therefore, that you assume the Newport, where he could spend his deckning ground that I transcend my power, the letter re- years in peace and happiness with his on ferred to above will, at once, unfold to your countrymen and friends. mind, the view I had taken of them, and make Accept assurances of my high respect andes manifest the difference of opinion that exists. teem, and believe me to be, respectfuily

, your Indeed, there are no data at present upon which most obedient servant, A. JACKSON such a letter as you wish written to the Secre JAMES MONROE, President U. S. tary of War can be bottomed. I have no ground that a difference of opinion exists between the

F. Government and myself, relative to the powers Mr. Monroe to General Jacksam. given me in my orders, unless I advert either to

WASHINGTON, Dec. 21, 1810. your private and confidential letters,or the pub- Dear Sın: I received your letter of Novem. lic prints, neither of which can be made the basis ber 13 some time past, and should have answer. of an official communication to the Secretary of ed it sooner but for the great pressure of busWar. Had I ever, or were I vow to receive ness on me, proceeding from duties connected au official letter from the Secretary of War, ex- with the measures of Congress. planatory of the light in which it was intended

The step suggested in mine to you of Octo. by the Government that my orders should be ber 20, will, 1 am inclined to believe, belinda viewed, I would with pleasure give my under- cessary. My sole object in it was to enable standing of them.

you to place your view of the authority under E.

which you acted in Florida, on the strongest General Jackson to James Monroe.

ground possible, so as to do complete justice to HERMITAGE, NEAR NASHVILLE, Dec. 7, 1818. yourself. I was persuaded that you had not

Dear Spr: I have just received your mes done yourself justice in that respect, in your sage to both Houses of Congress, forwarded by correspondence with the Department

, and you, and have read it with great attention and thought that it would be better that the expla. satisfaction. The Florida question being now nation should commence with you, than be in fairly before Congress, I bope that body will vited by the Department. It appeared to me take measures to secure our southern frontier that that would be the most delicate course in from a repetition of massacre and murder.

regard to yourself. There is

, it is true, noFrom the report of Col. King, received and thing in the Department to indicate a difference forwarded to the Department of War, you will of opinion between you and the Executive, te discover that the Indians had concentrated their specting the import of your instructions, and for forces on the Choctaw Hotchy, which gave rise that reason, that it would have been difficult to to the affair between them and Capt. Boyles, have expressed that sentiment without implica which Col. King reports.

ing by it a censure on your conduct, than which The collection of the Indians is said to have nothing could be more remote from our disposi. taken place at this point on their hearing that tion or intention. Pensacola was to be restored to Spain, and that

On reviewing your communication by Cap the Indians have declared they will never sub- tain Gadsden, there were three subjects pires mit to the United States. If this be the fact, eminently in view: the first to preserve the and as to myself I have no doubt, as soon as Constitution from injury; the second, to dem Spain is in the possession of Pensacola, we may prive Spain and the állied powers of any just expect to hear of a renewal of all the horrid cause of war; and the third

, to improve the com scenes of massacre on our frontier that existed currence to the best advantage of the country before the campaign, unless Captain Boyles, and of the honor of those engaged in it

. la on his second visit, may be fortunate enough to every step which I have since taken, I have destroy this operation, which you may rely pursued those objects with the utmost zeal, 1237 springs from foreign excitement. Col. Sherburne, Chickasaw agent, requested cerns you personally

, I have omitted nothing in

according to my best judgment. In what conme to name to you, that he was wearied with my power to do you justice

, nor shall I in the his situation, of which I have no doubt; his age sequel. and former habits of life but little calculated The decision in the three great points above him for happiness amidst a savage nation.

But stated, respecting the course to be pursued by being dependent for the support of himself and the administration, was unanimously concurred sister on the perquisites of his office,

he cannot in; and I have good reason to believe that it resign; but it would be a great accommodation has been maintained since, in every particular, to him to be transferred to Newport , should a by all, with perfect integrity

. It will be gratis vacancy in


office occur that he was compe- fying to you to know that a letter of instruan tent to fill. I have no doubt but he is an amia. tions has been drawn by the Secretary of State ble old man; and from his revolutionary servi. to our Minister at Madrid, in reply to a letter ces, I sincerely feel for him. He is unacquaint-of Mr. Pizzaro, which has been published ed with Indians, and all business which relates which all the proc :eedings in Florida, and in derstand our wishes and that of the government

, placed in a light which will, I think, be to he aided us with all his might. The Colonel factory to all. This letter will be reported ever can be happy amidst the Indians. It Congress in a fewe lays, and published of coum

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Vol. VI.........


.No.' 26


GEN. JACKSON AND THE LATE PRE York to-night. I know not what may be his SIDENT MONROE.

course in relation to the subject upon which It is now no longer denied that General Jack. However, but that he will do all that can be

information is asked by you. I have no doubt, son places his conduct in the Seminole war up. expected of a man of honor, and that he will on the ground that he was acting, under the be found careless of the consequences, when “ secret orders” of Mr. Monroe; and it has been the reputation of my uncle is any way called in. slated, on authority which leaves no room lo io question. Bus, be that as it may, I now doubt, that after the correspondence with Mr. pledge myself, as the nephew of James Monroe, Callioun, General Jackson brought Johnny that you and the public shall have, at a very Rhea, then a superannuated old man, to this city, where the latter, under the dictation of for ilie def nce of my uncle. I have this mo

early «lay, the facts, which is all that is required the President, wrote a leiter to Mr. Monroe, ment seen the article in your paper, and the which, if true, would have covered his name mail has closed for the south; this letter will be with the deepest dishonor.

mailed at Powles' donk. When this letter was written, his friends in this

In haste, I am, wtih much respect, your obe. city were expetting every moment to hear of dient servant,

JAMES MONROE. bis death. Such was the state of his health,

P. S. I will thank yolu 10 publish this letter, that an express had been sent for a part of his

as due to the blood representative of my uncle. family who were in Loudon, who did not exs

J. M. peci to find him alive on reaching New York (A copy of this letter was retained by General

THE CORRESPONDENCE. Jackson, and put aside for future use, who boasted, to more than one of liis flatterers, that

We lay before our readers the correspond. he had the document in his possession to prove

ence between Mr. Gouverneur and Mr. Blair. that he acted under Mr. Monroe's "secret or. It is full of interest, and cannot fail to arrest ders.") But Mr. Monroe lingered longer than their attention. We pause to see how it will

Mr. Gouverneur's was expected. He was not only alive when the be treated in the Globe. letter which was to have immolated his fame, which show that he is not only master of the

letters are marked with a force and perspicuity the rich inheritance left to his children and country, arrived; but he had the full possession

subject, but fully competent to discuss it. of that intellect which won him the highest of although we wait to see whether the Governearthly honors. Instead of leaving the letter ment organ will not entomb itself in mock dige unanswered, as was anticipated, he gave to inity the most positive denial; and placed unequiva

Mr. Blair says, “But there is another circal proofs of its falsity in the possession of his cumstancă much wore decisive on this point.

The individual who cominunicated to General representatives, one of whom is Captain Mun

Jackson Mr. Monroe's purpose as to the mude We are gratified to hear, through the Globe, ed by letter, as I have understood, the attention

of carrying into effect bis public orders, invit. that Mr. Gouverneur has denied ihe statement

of the latter to the fact alluded to in the article of that print; and more so to receive froin Capt. Monroe the pledge that the memory of his de of the Globe, and presented to him all the parceased oncle will be vindicated. The repre- his recollection on the subject. With thiş gen

ticulars of the transaction, with an inquiry as to gentatives of the deceased patriot are no longer tleman, then, if there were any certainty (di, charged with the simple duty of defending bis character--they owe it to the peuple of the versity) of opinion, in regard to the facts stated United States, that all the facts should be sub. by him, the issue should have been made, and initted to their judgment. Let us bave the not with one, merely repealing what this indi.

vidual, cognizant of all the circumstances, had whole truth.

asserted, without contradiction." To the Editor of the United States' 'Telegraph:lle ter was in answer to one written on the 15th

By referring to the reply, we find that this New York, Sept. 27, 1832. of June, and was not received until the 26th, Sır: I find in your paper now before me, an although it b-ars date on the 20th. This fact article headed “General Jackson and Mr. Mon proves not ...y that it was wri!ten with great roe,” in which you call for information in relation care, but that its purport was deliberately exto the remarks contained in the Globe of the amined before it was transmitted. Taken in 9th June and 22d inst. The latter I had not connexion with what General Jackson has him. seen or heard of, till your paper of the 25ih self said, it gives us distinctly to unders'and came to hand, Mr. Gouverneur is now absent, that Johnny Rhea, in his letter to Mr. Monroe, and I understand that he is expected in New alledged that Mr. Monroe had communicated,


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through him, he scorit orders, unier which cularly exceptionable. Always ready !! si. Generaljackso! now all rights be took poses. s*er for my own acts, on every proper :003 sion of Pen-acola 3nd St. Marlis; and it is no son, it is cause of deep regret to find accus longer doubtful that it was the intention of tions against my own 6d: lily and bonos, como General Jackson to bold up this luiter to estab- nected with injurious imputations against the lish the existence of those secret orders, under bonor of others. In reference to the disip belief that it remained uncontradicted.

guished individual to whom allusion is nade, Mr. Gouverneur says

delicacy requires me to be silent. To offer i

comment on the extraordinary assertion of the " But you say that “there is anther circum- editur, might be construed into even a nemě. stance much more decisive," and refer me to a way a mission that it could be true. certain letter, written by a cert:zin individual

As to the character of the hands into which calling the attention of Mr, Monroe to the fact the lionor of Mr. Monroe has been cominsteid" : alluded to;' and fron the pointed manner in erat was a subject for his own decision. Por which you mark the fact, wäich you assume to the manner in which the trust inay be discharge be true that it is without conirodiction, you ev, his representative admits to responsibáty. geen to infer ihat because it is without contra. but the public and himself. diction--it may be made to sustain your posi

The present case presents s'rong points of tion. Retaining the strong desire, to which appeal. I am not only charged with an absence have adveried, not to reter, unless it becomes of honor in the discharge of a sok mi trust my duty so to do, to any thing private, I still but it is even boldly insinuated that I am te owe to you a candid reply to the remark which sraine by the meanest of ap;veals to my interest

. you have made. Tliere is no shape in which where I am known, I trust that the remark las ihe fact alluded to has not ever reached tile excited but a smile on where I am fit, thout a eye, or ear, of Mr. Monroe, that it has not been just consideration of all the faces will at least contradicted. It is as his representative

, and up preveni a frown. The power to which lasian on his authority that I contrudici il, and that is nade, would in its exerc:se be as enu ortaya you may at least do sme jutice to my 'motives if these who pussess it, as the imputation and views, I do not hesitate to add, it is under i believe io bé unmerited by them, or tlie circumstances of a sucıed dury, that I do con. apprehension of its effects I know would be tradict it. I have every personal motive to be mas degrading in me! Witreis, tierefore

, silent-lam bound to speak.”.

permitting myself to be controlled by the in. Thus is Gen. Jackson caught in his own quiries of the Telegraph, I have no hesitation snares. He brought Johny Rea, a superan- in fording to all s'ho may feel an interest in nunted old man, to this city. With him he the subject, a concise statement of the facts in concucted a statemeni, which, if true; would which they have originated. They cannot be have covered Nir. Mourne with las:ing disgrace. developed more clearly than in the submission It was sent through ihe post vflice at a time of that correspondence o which they so poin:edo when it was believed that Mr. Muitoe was dy-ly refier. In it will be found ait the action of ing, under a hope that it would remain uncon- which the matter was susceptible, and by chose tradicted, intending that thit circumstance who might u ish it were orberise, not only should be afterwarus ac duced as proof of its scrupulous desire to abstain from irelevant truth, when he knely is to be filse.!!

Watter or that of a private or confidential cbao We say that he knew it iu b: false, for Mr. racier, but as I trust all the deference and *** Blair alledges that Joliny Kliea was that indi. spect, which were due to any individual

, conto vidual who communicated Mr. Monroe's "sc- necteil si h the subject. From the date of my cret orders" to Gener... Jackson. Now, as the second leiter, I have not been without hope le ver asserts that Johnny Rhea did communi- that all the obligations of honor fulfilled, furo cate Mr.-Monrue's "secret orders" to Generather allusion to the subject might bare been Jackson, it follows tbal if no such orders were justly uvos ed. It is due to the exitur of the ever given. General Jackson himself, as well as Giuke to say, that the remark from his paper ne Juhnny Rhea, knows te slatement to be unt the 22d inst. was the result of personal como

Yet lié holds up this letter as one of the munication, and as I had a right to suppose, *** materials which he is preparing for “ future intended in a spirit of some concessruh ta use!!" This correspondence opens a new view terence to what bad passed. It was na, bow. of the hero's character; and must bring forth ever, what I had earnestly wished, and that new and important matter, unless, indeed, the which I thought I have a right to expect. llad • personal molives” shull cause thein to be sup. fit been even under the menace of the Telco pressec.

graph, 1 should have been silent Air Blat

knew I was under the solemn promise to cotradict the assertion he bad made, unless it was

explained. His remarks equivocally expressed CORRESPONDENCE. The editorial article of the Telegraph of the construction that I had done so. The omgital

(probably not so intended) did not admit the 25th ultimo, demands my notice. Independ- article appeared again in italics, &o, and I w ently of the great injustice which is done represented to have said something about proto my feelings, my name is connected with tests, inferences, &c. matters relating to 'elberg, Lich ! deen pe. I do not hesitate to say, thai my position base

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not been without many causes of embarrass You will do me the justice to observe that I ment. Some of them have no reference to confine my attention to the remarks, and those the public, but if all were Fairly (oderstoud, y, in winch i sincerely believe that great in.

boy could not fail to afford m. Kroz Calle of justice is manifesíly done in the cosmetir and muigence. In puisning the course I have ad menory of wr. MONROE. You tinctly marge dopted, I may act upon mistaken conclusions, that in conlucting the Setninole war, “Genc.

but they are the result of my honest convic- ral Jackson was in fact acting under the secret itions SAM'L L. GOUVERNEUR. orders of the Government." It is impos-ible

not to observe, that although not personally Fraxcis P. BLAIR, Esq.

named, it must be the undoubted inference, Editor of the Globe, Washington. that he was in possession of secret orders SIR: I have read will great attention an edi from Mr. Monroe, directly at variance with torial article in your paper of the 9th instant, those which were made known to the public, to which I respectfully ask permission to invite That while Mr. Monroe disavowed before the your attention, and which I have no doubt you world his conduct in Florida, as transcending will readily call to mind. I am free to acknow-his instructions, but the merits of which he ful. ledge that I take this step after full reflection; ly acknowledged; the motives of which he ne

but with all the diffidence which ought 10 ai- ver called in question; and wbich for good and stend it. To refrain from mingling at all in the sufficient reasons he chose to sustain; he had discussions of a topic which has already privately encouraged and promoted the very

ssbeen productive of so much excitement, has acts which he subsequently disapproved. That eisbeen my earnest desire. In departing from he suffered General Jackson to bear the brunt joithat course, reluctantly as I do, even so far as of an investigation of a most painful character,

this letter suggests, I have encountered all and for an alleged high offence against the constitufilis the strongest motives which could induce me tion and laws, when he limself bad made him

to be silent. The known relation in which I his own instrument for a palpable violation of stand to the subject, in many respecis, cannot both; and withheld from him the means of a possibly have escaped your recollection. i triumphant deferice. I wish you distinctly to can readily suppose that transcendant obliga-observe, that it is the purport of your remarks tions of feeling and duty imposed upon me, respecting Mr. Monroe, and their effects, to under circumstances of the most sacred nature, which alone I advert. i claim to vindicate the are yet unknown to you. Representing in a memory of the dead, and far be it from me to high degree the honor and fame of JANES desire to detract from the living. I touch not Munroe, and having been made by direct ap the laurels wiich are worn by the hero, but on. pointment the depository of those materials ly ask that they bloom nut over the dishonored which illustrate the history as well as the pu- grave of the statesman It is the obvivus infe. rity of his public and private life, I should con. rence from what you say, which I can never adsider myself indeed unworthy of the trust, it I mit. If it be not your intention to make it could shrink at any sacrifice, from a fearless dis- clear, the matter from which it inevitably

charge of the duties it imposes. I assure you springs, deserves your correction. If on the that I have followed the progress of this dis contrary you intend, and think you can sustain cussion with the deepest regret; and finally to it, I challenge the investigation. It is a sos point where l had earnesily hoped it never lemn charge, and ought to be gravely consider. would reach-lo a point where it becomes im ed. I have no feelings to indulge but those of perative upon the representatives of Mr. Mos- aifection and duty to a deceased relative and noe boldly to challenge the evidence on which friend, but in which, I must admit, I mingle incinnations against his purity and honor are those of an American citizen, proud to recog. made and repeated, or to suiter without an ef. nise in his name, one of the distinguished pa. fort to arrest it, that his character be shaded bystriots of our land; and free to lend a willing imputations of the most decided duplicity, and hand to rescue his character from any and eveof the most contemptible evasion. A declara- ry imputation of dishonor. I cannot but believe tion made a short time since by an lionorable that when you revert to the article in question, Senator in his place, did not escape iny nulice. you will realize its manifest injury, and that só I do not doubt tbat it was made, under an hon far from lending their names to support the est misapprelension of the subject of his re- grave charges which it bears against the honor marks, nor that he would not have refused at of Mr. Monroe, both of the distinguished india the time, on a respectful appeal, to have placed viduals who are connected with the discussion, me in possession of the evidence on which it will take a just pleasure in furnishing the mate. was founded. If I were wrong in deciining an rials to correct the error. Being myself pos. interference, at that period of time as well as sessed of many valuable documents, fully illus. at some other, when the subject has been agi-trative of the facts in question, I shall feel it lated, many an honest motive may have sug- incumbent on me, upon a proper intimation, by gested itself to you, to justify my silence, as a frank exposition of their contents, to contriwell as to indicate the deep regret with which bute to a fair distribution of justice to all. it is broken. The paper io whicb I refer leaves With great respect, &c. me no alternative, and whatever results may

SAML. L. GOUVERNEUR. dow from my interposition, I feel bound to of

New York, June 15, 1832. fer it.

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