« ForrigeFortsett »
of March last, to take into consideration the Senate, been attempted to be justified? Why vote of our Senator, the Hon. G. Moore, on the did not the meeting recently held here, or their nomination of Mr. Van Buren to the Court of committee, the ostensible authors of their preSt. James, Col. Patrick Norris, a soldier of the amble and resolutions, attempt to demonstrate, revolution, was called to the Chair, and Willis upon the facts of his case, that Mr. Van Buren Crenshaw, appointed Secretary, The object had beed unjustly assailed, and that he was not of the meeting having been explained by Wm. guilty as he stood charged before the Senate M. Murphey, Mr. Vandegraaff moved that a of the United States? Why no single remark committee be appointed to prepare resolutions offered in vindication of his anti-American in. expressive of the sense of the meeting. The structions to Mr. McLane! Why not one syl. Chair then appointed Wm. J. Vandegraaff, Sol.lable upon the subject of his political opinions, McAlpin, J. C. McAlpin, and Wm. M. Mur- now or heretofore entertained? phy; who, after retirement, reported to the Without stopping to inquire into the question bouşe the following preamble and resolutions: of Mr. Van Buren's gulitis sinceriiy-his
The Committee appointed by the meeting in political creed-or the nature or occasion of accordance with the foregoing resolution, in a his present adhesion to the administration, liis short time after their appointment, offered for friends here, seem to deem it a sufficient charge the consideration of the meeting the following against our Senator, that his vote was offensive героrt : :
lo che President. For that sin 'twere presumpYour Committee cannot brit express their tion in him, to supplicate for pardon. Your unaffected regret, that any citizen should have committee cannot be mistaken in the opinion, deemed it necessary or proper, at this time, to that the community to which Gov. Moore is produce an excitement in public feeling, in re responsible for his vote, will look to the real lation to the name of Martin Van Buren; for questions involved in the merits and demerits which purpose only, as they conceive, was the of Mr. Van Buren--the truth or falsehood of meeting held in this place on the 19th instant the charges preferred against him, and upon convened. As, however, for such purpose an which he has been condemned, before they attack has been made upon the Senate of the proceed to pronounce sentence of condemna. United States, for an upright exercise of its tion upon their Senator. constitutional authority, and particularly upon
It is believed that the people of Alabama, Gov. Muore, as a member thereof, from ihis much as they esteem and admire the President; State. It cannot be improper in us, to contri- will never enjoin it upon their Representatives bute our voice in the vindication, at least, of in Congress, or elsewhere, blindly to support our implicated Senator, from the most unjust every measure of which he is the advocate, of and wanton crimination and abuse.
every nomination, right or wrong, which he It is certainly remarkable, that the prominent may make of an individual to office. complaint, the heart and core of all the com T'he Senate of the United States not only plaints put forthi against Gov. Moore, is, that heretofore, but now also, the most august dehis vote upon Mr. Van Buren's nomination to liberative assembly in the world, was not insti. the Senate of the United States, as our Minis- tuted by the wisdom and patriotism of our fa.. ter to the Court of St. James, was not in accor- thers thus to worship at the shrine of any india, dance with the expressed and known wishes vidual's popularity. and predilections of the Presir'ent; as if chat It lies within the wide compass of possibili. Senator's busine-s at Washington was, upon all ty at least, that the President is not a perfect occasions, to consult, and like a good and faith-being, and if he be subject, like other men, ful subject, exactly obey the wishes, express to the prejudices arid passions of poor human or implieil, of him who is at the head of the nature, he may occasioually err. Executive Government.
It would be time better employed, therefore, But our Senator has the gratification to to examine the charges preferred against Marknow, that a free and enlightened people, who tin Van Buren, and to determine upon the justly appreciate the maxim, that government facts established by the evidence, whether they is not instituted for the glory of rulers, but sole. are or are not well founded, than to be engaged ly to promote and secure the public weal, in the fabrication of arguments and rhetorical woului cxpect him, as their faithful representa. Aourishes, to prove that the accusations ought tive, to overlook the individual wishes and par. to be rejected as groundless, for reason mere. tialities of even Gen. Jackson himself, when- ly, that the party implicated is a favorite at ever and as ofien as those wishes and partiali. Court. Your commiitee will not enlarge upon ties could not be gratified consistently with the the indefensible character of Mr. Van Buren's public good. And in voting upon Mr. Van instructions to Mr. McLane, as his new-born Buren's nomination, therefore, it is presumed, friends in Alabama have forborne to attempt a he did not so much inquire what this or that justification of them; what, indeed, could be individual wished, as what the good of the said, even to palliate the offence of that citizen, country demanded at his hands.
whu has deliberately invited a foreign govern. It is thus, that we would have our represen ment, (our rival at all points) to take part in
our domestic political divisions, and to assist the Why has not, your Committee would res. party in power, effectually to crush and destroy pecifully inquire, Mr. Van Buren's conduct in that portion of our fellow citizens who happen respect to which he was condemned by the to be attached to another and less fortunate
atives to act.
FROM THE WINCHESTER REPUBLICAN.
party! It may be well taken for granted that the Hon. William R. King, our other Senator in these instructions admit of no palliation, for, Congress, voted from honest motives, and otherwise, surely the friends of their author,libat, although we cannot approve of his vote, founded upon the merits of his case, instead of he still retains our confidence, as an upright and resting his defence, as they have done, upon faithful pu 1.c servant. the high authority of the President's approbaa 4. Resolved, That a copy of the proceedings tion. The prospects of this happy and fou of this meeting, authenticated by the signatures rishing Republic will, indeed, be clouded in of the Chairman and Secretary, be forwarded deep gloom, whenever that day shall arrive, to the National Intelligencer and Washington which behoids, in the popularity of any one citi City Telegraph for publication, also in the zen, sufficient influence to close up the avenues Greene County Gazette. of inquiry into iniquity and crime.
PATRICK NORRIS, Chairman. But it is said that Governor Moore voted con- WILLIS CRENSHAW, Secretary. trary to the known wishes of the people of Alabama. If, indeec, our Senator had reason to believe, and did believe, that his constituents
SPECIFICATIONS. expected and desired him to vote for every
The followers of Van Buren demand specie measure recommended by the President, right fied charges against him. They shall be or wrong, and the przposition were really true, gratified, and we trust that “investigations"? it might be justly said, that he wilfully disre- may still be the order of the day. The charges garded the wishes of his constituents. The which we are about to bring against bim have proposition however happens to be preposterous. no reference to his conduct towards our party, It was known to that Senator that he was the but to his wire workings in his own. It is not Representative of a high-minded and independ our business to find fault with him for blowing ed people, who would exact of him a faithful up the sublime Jackson party, which he seems and unremitting attention and attachment to to have done pretty effectually, but we have a their and his country's welfare, without respect right to express our contempt for the means 10 the peremptory dictation of any individual whereby he has attempted to rise—means whatever. Governor Moore certainly knew, which prove him to be alike destitute of the what every body knows, that Martin Van Buren honor of a patriot and the spirit of a man. hall been known in Alabama previous to his nu. We charge Martin Van Buren with having mination, as he master intriguer and political fomented, instead of attempting to subdue, the juggler of the age, and that his appointment 10 dissentions of a domestic nature by which Gen. the office of Secretary of State, was unfavorably Jackson was surrounded after forming his first regarded by General Jackson's best and oldest Cabinet, and for the sole purpose of selfand most steadfast friends. Governor Moore, advancement and we say that he who obtains also knew that Mr. Van Buren has been and is power, by such base means, cannot be an fionor the devoted friend of the American System, inable man. all iis ramifications, and that, after having given
We charge him with having driven from a deceitful pledge to oppose, he Hagiciously Gen. Jackson, by arıful intrigues, liis earliest, supported by his talent for intrigue, that ultra his most generous, most faithful, efficient, and measure, the tariff of 1828, approved by no par disinterested supporters, which he would not ty, and which has driven the whole south very have done. were he a sincere friend of the nearly to the point of exasperation. How could President, or an honest member of his party; Governor Moore have imagined that such a beca ise he thereby compromised the honor of man was to become a favorite in Alabama, an the President and endangered the welfare of individual opposed to us in politics upon those the said party, very vital questions, which so much agitate at We churge him with having caused the disthis moment the confederacy, and which have solution of the first Cabinei, every member of brought South Carolina to the verge of open which did his duty faithfully, according to Gen. resistance to the authorities of the General Go. Jackson's written certificales, because Ingham, vernment, and to civil war. Governor Moure Branch, and Berlien, would not become his could not have discharged his duty as a faithful partizans, and lend their exertions and their Represen'ative of the south, had he contribut- influence in furtherance of his selfish and cored, in any degree, to brighten Mr. Van Buren's rupt designs. prospect of succeeding to power. Your com We churge him with having used his inmittee, therefore, respectfully recommend the Auence to control, in an improper manne", the adoption of the following resolutions:
social relations of the community at Washing. 1. Resolved. That we fieartily approve of the ton, for the purpose of gaining the affections vote of the Hon. Gabriel Moore, one of our Se of the President, whose feelings were interests nators in Congress, upon Mr. Van Buren's no ed in behalf of the individual who gave rise to mination, as being right in itself, and as having the disturbance of said social relations, and been honestly and independently given. thereby enlisting the President as one of his
2. Resolved, That we have increased confi partizans. dence in his independence, and in his devotion Our authorily for these charge is the specch to what he conceives to be the interest of his delivered by Robert Y. Hayne, in the United country.
States' Senale, on the nomination of Van Buren 3. Resolved. That we do also believe that as Sinister to England, which speech ill be
found in oyr paper of February 11th. Gen. this resolution be violated by any one printer, natori Hayne expressly states that he has examined and they must be again involved in a trial as to 3 2 into the truth of all the charges he brings the orders and privileges of that House. For is rote against Van Buren-that he relies upon fucts, this reason, he (Mr. W.) thought it would be zdte some of which have fallen under his own better to leave the matter to their reporters; if
obsercolion, and that he has most unquestionable they should transgress what were conceived to redis sources of information as to others. We be- be the bounds of decorum and propriety, the natura lieve no Van Buren press has been foune House might then take such order upon their rande sufficiently profigate and sufficiently impudent conduct as it should think proper. ingta
to question the honor or doubt the veracity of Mr. DICKSON objected, that in the form in in the Gen. Hayne. Are THESE CHARGES SPECIFIC which the resolution stood, it would preclude ENOTGE
the publication of the proceedings, not only
Mr. PATTON said, that such was not the
The resolution was then again read, and Mr.
Mr. C. JOHNSON wished to offer a resolu- solution; from whence did that House derive
, for the purpose of examining wit-people? nesses, and to assist him in any legal questions Mr. PATTON said, he was surprised at such . which might arise in the course of his trial.- an inquiry; and the more so from the gentleman Mr. Houston had, on reflection, thought that from whence it came. What were they about such assistance might be desirable, and it was to do?. They were proceeding to the trial of at his request that he, (Mr. J.) offered this re- an individual charged with a breach of the solution to the House.
rules and privileges of that House. They were The resolution was then read and agreed to: about to do this in a judicial character, and the
Mr. THOMAS then said, he had a resolu- proceeding had been urged and justified by an tion to offer, which he doubted not the gallan- analogy with certain proceedings of judicial try and courtesy of the House would sustain. courts. A gentleman, (Mr. D.) who had been As many ladies were present, desirous of hear- most conspicuous in his exertions for the proing their proceedings in this case, and the gal tection of the House in all its liberties, now leries were very much crowded, he thought it asked, from whence they derived an authority would be proper that they should be allowed to protect themselves, during this prosecution, to occupy the privileged scats on the floor of from the operation of appeals and statements the House, Mr. T. moved a resolution to that which might be made through the medium of effect which was adopted.
the public papers. The course which he proMr. PATTON submitted a resolution prohi- posed was a practice which had been pursued, biting reporters admitted upon the floor, and and a privilege which had been exercised by editors of newspapers and others, from printing every judicial tribunal in criminal causes, with or publishing the testimony in the case, pending out dispute or question. Mr. P. said, hé had, the trial.
on presenting his resolution, adverted to the Mr. PATTON said, he had not offered this considerations which induced him to offer it to resolution until he had consulted many members the House. Let him again refer to those conof that House, whose experience and discretion siderations somewhat more at large. Yesterbe thought entitled to regard. He hoped it day, (said Mr. P.,) or the day before, one of would be adopted without discussion. The on- the papers of this city contained an editorial y objection he had felt to offering it was, that paragraph, purporting to give a statement of the necessity of what it proposed, might, of it-the facts connected with this alleged outrage self be conceived sufficient, without the en- and breach of privilege; that statement was ob forcement of a resolution of that House. He viously, and on the face of it, highly discolored should , indeed, have conceived
this obligation and exaggerated, and as he had since been insufficing, if there had not been already, what formed by one of the parties implicated, grossly he conceived a most fagrant violation of pro- false in all its essential particulars. He, (Mr. priety in this respect.
He had, therefore, P.,) knew not if it was so; but what was the propose
this resolution as a period at which tlfis charge was made? Samuel solemn warning against future publications, cal. Houston, the accused party, was at that time in culated to bias the public mind, and thereby custody of the officer of that House; he was disprevent a fair trial of the case before this House. armed and powerless; and would have been Mr. WAYNE had no doubt the motives of guilty of a new breach of privilege and conthe gentleman from Virginia, (Mr. P.) were re-tempt of the House, if he had dared to publish ry good; but he would ask that gentleman, if any statement of facts relative to this transache had considered one point it was this. Let tion; whilst in this predicament, before one
word of evidence had been heard for or against to effect the object of the present resolution, the accused; before his trial had commenced; which was merely, that a fair, candid, and imbefore he had been brought to the bar of this partial trial should be secured to the party acHouse this statement had gone forth, calculat- cused. It was to prevent the public mind from ed to inflame the public mind against the ac- being prejudiced against him, and to provide cused, as much as any statement he, (Mr. P.,) that, as he was to be tried for what was justly had ever seen; and, if any statement could ope- considered a high and grave offence, an alleged rate unfavorably on that body against him, as breach of the privileges of the House of Repre. much calculated so to operate as any which sentatives, he should be allowed to stand before could have been devised. On the very morn-them on the merits of the case alone, without ing of the publication alluded to, and whi the having his case, in a manner, prejudged, or accused stood in the situation to which he had his character injured by exparte statements
. adverted, a subscription paper had been hand. The House was called upon to perform a soed round that hall, proposing to publish an ex- lemn constitutional duty, and if, in this trial, it tra number of the paper in question. It was had not the power to regulate its own proceednot described as containing that inflamınatory ings, so as to arrive at their due end, the adparagraph. Its caption professed it to contain ministration of impartial justice, it was a prosti. the debate and proceedings in the case of tution of law and justice to bring an individual Houston, and a letter from Judge Brackenridge before them. If, upon a charge against a party, to General Jackson. This subscription paper they should see in the papers of the morning, had been presented to him, (Mr. P.,) but he at details of alleged facts, letters and other inforonce refused to subscribe; he had the paper mation professing to prove the moral guilt of long enough however to perceive that one gen- the party, before an examination into his case tleman had subscribed for 300 copies; who that was even commenced-and if an innocent man gentleman was he could not say, so little atten- should be dragged to their bar for conviction tion did he give to the paper. Whilst then on charges which these statements went to sup: they were sitting there, engaged in the protec-port, he asked whether, if they convicted him tion of one privilege, by means of the abuse of without taking the proper steps to ensure him another privilege-and it was a privilege as a fair trial, they might not justly be reproached much abused as any–he meant the franking as ancillary to it as a party to the conviction of privilege--this inflammatory article, calculated the innocent, than which no fouler stain could to prejudice the public mind against the accus- rest upon any public tribunal ed, and to shake them from the poise of impar He proceeded to observe, that tliis was a tiality as jurors, was sent forth on the wings of mere precautionary or admonitory step. The the wind, to the uttermost comers of this great House was not necessarily bound to suppose empire. He would ask them if it was not the there would be cause for their action upon it. duty of that House to arrest and prevent the Still even, he would say in reply to the question continuance of the evil? If it were as clear to of the gentleman from Georgia, (Mr. WAYNE,) as him as it seemed to be to others, that the House to whether they would consume the tinie of the had a jurisdiction and a right to punish in such House by trying the printers, &c. for contempt; Cases as that of Houston, or in such cases as this, he would reply to this, he said, that if such prohe should think it necessary to move the insti- ceedings should be necessary, it was their in, tution of a proceeding, similar in its nature and cumbent duty to enter into it, without regard purposes to that which the House had adopted to the consumption of time. He adverted again in the former case. It was not his intention, to the measure being merly an admonitory one, however, to do so. He merely wished the pro- and concluded by expressing a hope that the ceedings of the House to be conducted in a resolution would be adopted. way that would give the accused the benefit of Mr. M‘DUFFIE looked upon the resolution a fáir trial. He thought the individuals alluded as a mere notice and as nothing more, that the to in his resolution, bound to refrain from the House did not expect the proceedings to be course it prohibited; but at the same time, he published pending the trial. Witir regard to wished the House to give them a solemn warn- the power of the House to punish for contempt ing that they must do so.
he conceived their could be no doubt, but he Mr. DRAYTON said, the power of the House greatly doubted the expediency of prohibiting to carry this resolution into effect, was as un- the publication of what took place publicly bet doubted as any other power which it possessed, fore them, or of acting upon this resolution in however the expediency of exercising it in the the event of its adoption." He regsetted the remanner proposed by the resolution might be marks which had fallen from the gentleman questioned. It was derived from that article of from Virginia, in introducing his resolutionthe Constitution, which gave each House the they were not of a conciliatory temper. He power to direct the manner of its own proceed. (Mr. MʻD.) had not seen the publication alluings. Congress was authorized to exclude from ded to, but he apprehended that the comments the knowledge of the public, what took place which it contained on this matter, were pub. in either of its branches, if it be judged of suf- lished before the House was sitting as a judicial ficient importance to the public service that se- tribunal. cresy should be observed. If they were em Mr. PATTON said, the gentleman from S. powered to do this in extraordinary emergen- Carolina, (Mr. McDuffie,) labored under a cies, why should they not also have the power mistake. The publication appeared the day
kl to exclude from ded to, but he apprehended that the com
state the reasons for which, in some cases, it Mr.DRAYTON strongly replied to Mr. WAYNE,
withstanding, publish these proceedings, that and what, he would ask, could be the harm of it would be an infringement of the constitution that, when their galleries were filled with hunal privileges of that House, if it would be so, dreds, listening to their proceedings, who were it was in consequence of certain privileges be- at liberty to write down whatever they heard, resolution. The honorable member from S. proceedings whilst sitting in the seats assigned any additional right accruing to them from that the reporters were not allowed to report these defect of power in the House to punish such would be to walk up into the galleries. Mr. Carolina had conceived that there would be a to them on that floor, all they would have to do an offence. If so, the resolution ought not to W. concluded by saying that, if he stood alone,
be adopted, inasmuch as they ought not to he would give his single vote against this resoluwer of the House greatly doubted the expediency of proben
make an order which they were not prepared tion. ihich it possessed, fore them, or of acting upon this resultat
furst importance to this country; for his own the table, when Kercising it in the the event of its adoption. He regsettes
to that liberty, that where liberties had been of engaging in the debate. He wished, on the om that article of from Virginia, in introducing his remboise
taken by it with himself where even the last contrary, to repress a discussion which he saw
having, from comments which might be made tleman from Virginia, to modify his resolution so dinary emergen- Carolina, (Mr. UcDyrrie,) labored under o have the power mistake. The publicatiou appeared the dy
TRIAL OF SAMUEL HOUSTON.
85 urd for or against to effect the object of the present resolution, ad commenced; which was merely, that a fair, candid, and im
before yesterday, after the accused party was in thereon, a prejudicial effect on the mind of ju| the bar of this partial trial should be secured to the party zc.
the custody of the House. His, (Mr. P.'s) mo- rors; but he had never heard that it was an obte forth, calculat- cused. It was to prevent the public mind from
tives, he observed, had been correctly stated ject to prevent such an effect on the mind of against the ac- being prejudiced against him, and to proride
by his friend from South Carolina, (Mr: Dray- the Judges. Now, he would ask the House, in it he, (Mr. P.,) that, as he was to be tried for what was just
Tox.) He had intended the resolution only as a what situation they were to be regarded in this ment could ope- considered a high and grave offence, an allegad
motive of warning. The gentleman from S. case. Was it as jurors, or was it as judges. It against him, as breach of the privileges of the House of Repr
Carolina, (Mr. MCDOFELE,) was in error, also, appeared to him as the latter. For these ? as any which sentatives, he should be allowed to stand befor when he rebuked him for introducing the reso- reasons he must object to the gentleman's resothe very morn- them on the merits of the case alone, withoc:
lution, with remarks which he considered not lution. , and whilst the having his case, in a manner, prejudged, co
conciliatory. He had used these remarks only Mr. WAYNE said, he did not rise now to enwhich he had his character injured by exparte statements
when called on by the gentleman from Massa- ter into any protracted discussion of the point. had been hand. The House was called upon to perform a sa
chusetts to sustain his resolution. He had an- He would make but a few remarks on the resoo publish an ex- lemn constitutional duty, and if, in this trial
, I swered that call as he had proposed the resolu- lution offered to the House. If they had the lestion. It was had not the power to regulate its own proceel tion
, with a view of preventing a repetition of power to punish, in the case to which it referat inflammatory ings, so as to atire at their due end the
such publications as these he complained of. red, that resolution could not extend that pow. sed it to contain ministration of impartial justice, it was a prost Mr. DAVIS said, he had but a single remark er; if they had not the power, under the constiin the case of tution of law and justice to bring an individual to make. He did not doubt the right of the tution, then the resolution ought not to be ge Brackenridge before them. If, upon a charge against a parti,
gentleman from Virginia to offer his resolution, made. For his own part, he (Mr. W.) must escription paper they should see in the papers of the most of the power of the House to adopt it; but he utterly deny that the House had such power. It f. P.,) but he at details of alleged facts, letters and other item would ask the gentleman if he supposed that a could not be founded in the constitution, nor in
had the paper mation professing to prove the moral gut i resolution of admonition to the presses of the any analogy to the power of the courts in cases ive that one gen the party, before an examination into his care land
, to abstain fron publishing these proceed- of contempt, nor in the parliamentary proceed, copies; who that was even commenced—and if an innocent si ings would, in effect, change or modify the ings of Great Britain. The reporters, it should y, so little atten- should be dragged to their bar for contacte er. Whilst then on charges which these statements went to elsewhere
, a person should disregard this ad- and in this
, it'appeared to him, the mistake of red in the protec-port
, he asked whether, if they corricted s of the abuse of without taking the proper steps to ensure
House, and punishable under this resolu-/powers possessed by the courts, those powers, as a privilege as a fair trial, they might not justly be reproan at the franking as ancillary to it as a party to the convictz that persons must be on their guard against courts to their own officers, or to the publica-rticle, calculated the innocent, than which no fouler saia com finning in this respect, it was well
enough, but tion of matters which were calculated to excite igainst the accus- rest upon any public tribunal
effect of changing or extending the laws of the their minds unduly influenced; but, as the gen< poise of impar. He proceeded to observe, that this si
upon the subject to which it related. 1 on the wings of mere precautionary or admonitory step. Tiers of this great House was not necessarily bound to say
tational right, as important as the freedom of in that of judges. If the resolution were to be
libro. WILDE said, it seemed to him a consti- not sitting there in the character of jurors, but if it was not the there would be cause for their action umat and prevent the still eren, he would say in reply to the 9.30
press thuir sentiments in an article of a newspa- derness to the accusedmand, he thought he had were as clear to of the gentleman from Georgia, (Mr. Wory
popote and he thought that, whilst endeavoring to shown, since the commencement of this pro ers, that the House to whether they would consume the time it to punish in such House by trying the printers
, &c. for opri
Colecure they did not violate another of equal towards that party Pabut, he believed, the adopsuch cases as this, he would reply to this
, he said, that if som
to bequenceHe (Mr. W.) was not prepared tion of such a resolution would tend rather the so move the insti- ceedings should be necessary, it was there
to say that if the House should adopt this reso. / his injury than his benefit. r in its nature and cumbent duty to enter into it, withor is"
, be and answers ouse had adopted to the consumption of time. He advemtoi ka not his intention, to the measure being merly an almontti y wished the pro- and concluded by expressing a hope the
conducted in a resolution would be adopted.
Mr. WAYNE was about to move to lay in on
he saine time he published pending the trial
. With regarding m a solemn warn- the power of the House to punish for content he conceived their could be no doubt
Hect, was as un- the publication of what took place pubby
10 enforce. The liberty of the press was of the
bution might be marks which had fallen from the souls
what took place which it contained on this matter, men
Mr. PATTON sud, the gentlemas foi