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• TRIAL of samuel Houston. 91
question which may arise in the hearing of the
tral of SAMUEL Houstox. wnius Storky then proceeded further
** follows, in answer to said interroga
shogi in making the remarks referred to, 1}
“That the witness be precluded f - - rom griy evidence of any fraud committed by, or, o: o by so. Houston, and which is not in the printed speech of said witness imputd to said Houston.” - pu A motion was made by Mr. Vixton, that
did not intend to impute fraud to Governor this motion be laid on the table ; which mo
. being a private individual whose resi. was unknown to me, (I did not know was in this city) yet if I am called upon now
tion to lie on the table, the SPEAKER decided, under the order adopted on the 17th instant, prescribing the mode of proceeding in
to expre !--- “. -
the House. And after debate on the appeal, Mr. Bonnsley withdrew his said motion. And william Sran belty then again Proceeded to testify as follows: —not only for the supply of rations to such Indiansas had already emigrated, but for the supply of rations for all those who might emigrate after the passage of the Indian Bill then before this house, and which would require an expenditure of several millions of dollars. The advertisement was so framed as to conceal from the public the importance of the proposed com: tract. By the advertisement, the proposals were to be received in so short a time after the publication that the people in the western country could have no opportunity of making proposals, even if the importance of it had been oforth in the advertisements. The* advertisements were printed about the time that Governor Houston was in this city. He "* .
From this decision Mr. WINtoN appealed to
C accuse -
It Passed in the negative.
derstood to be a man of broken fortunes and
be precluded from stating blasted reputation. It was overtheless believed
committed by Governor that the President entertained friendly feelings
towards him; but that, in conseq\o of his
evidence,” which be-honor or emolument. I understood that Go";
Mr. fiónston was an applicant for this contract, an
Mr. Chaig, to amend that one of the objects of his visit to this ‘. y the
y *: o after the word was to obtain this contract. I saw,
histesponse to the inter-favored by the Head of the Department, or the
stating any facts tending|President, could make any considerable sum of f the advertise
- ment for proposals, the right was reserved to to agree to this amend-the Secrétary of war to enlarge or alter the quantity of rations to be issued, and the . right
* also of continuing the contract to *Y period of terml
facts and circumstances which I have related, I
h . by Governooland Governor Houston, at the time these adver
te * o but may stisements were prepared, which was designed y evidence which he to give to Governor Houston the contract for
the supply of these rations at a greate: price
on to agree to the said motion others would have supplied them for *
knowledge of this transaction induced me o
to that measure, but, the belief that the Paso"
mine, Prentiss, or Butler, and that thereby we
of the bill would give occasion to numerous frauds of a similar character, was one of the strong objections I had against it. ... I mentioned these objections which I had, before the passage of the bill, to several of my friends. The evidence I have now, that Governor Houston was concerned in the proposed contract, is the deposition of Luther Blake, taken before a magistrate in this city, which I ask may be read by the clerk. [Mr. StAN near then handed in a paper at the clerk's table.] The accused, by his counsel, objected to the paper produced by the witness, and called a deposition, as not being evidence until shown how taken. + The reading of the said paper or deposition was called for by Mr. Hon Act. Even Etr, and the reading being objected to by a member, The question was put—shall the paper be read? And passed in the affirmative. The said paper was then read, and is as fol. lows: “I, Luther Blake, of Arkansas Territory, being duly sworn, do depose and say, that on the 21st day of March, 1830, as I was coming out of the War Office, in Washington, Governor Samuel Houston accosted me, and alluded to cer. tain bids that had been made to supply the government with rations to the emigrating Indians, of which bids I had then put in the lowest. Go.
Monn Ar; APRIL 23, , , In the Senate, on Friday, the President com: ... municated a report from the Pöst office De: , , portment, showing the contracts of that depart. ... ment for the past year; also, a statement from . the Treasury Department, showing the emolu , ments of the offices of the customs for the year 1831. A message was received from the President of the United States, transmitting, in compliance with a resolution of the Senate, additional correspondence with the British government, relative to the colonial trade. Mr. Chambers, from the Committee on the District of Columbia, reported several bills relating to the District, without amendment. Mr. Tierox presented the memorial of the General Assembly of Indiana, praying to be permitted to change the application of a donation of Congress for the Indona Canal,to the improvement of the navigation of the Miami Iiver, which, af. ter some remarks, in explanation, from Mr. Tipton, was referred to the Committee on Roads and Canals. After the transaction of the usual morning's business, the appropriation bill was taken up, and the question, still pending, with regard to the appropriation for minister to France, was debated until the Senate adjournel. Messrs. CHAMBERs, SMITH, Claxton, HAYNE, Foksyth, Websten, and Millen, engaged in a very interesting and animated debate. The question was not taken when the Senate adjourned.
vernor Houston having apparently made himself acquainted with the amount of the different bids, informed he that he had not put in a bid in his own name, but had entered several in the name of other persons, of which he had the control. My bid was at eight cents per ration, and he, the said Houston, proposed to me that I should withdraw my bid, and buy up those of William Prentiss, and David Butler, jun., and that I should then join with him and his friend, (whom he did not name,) who was concerned with him in a contract which might be secured at a much higher rate than the bids of either
might secure an independent fortune; and until the 24th of March, 1820, each day successively inquired of me, to know if I had succeeded in purchasing the bids of Prentiss and Butler. - “LUTHER BLAKE. “Subscribed and sworn to before “D. A. HALL, Justice of Peace.” And the question was stated—shall the said paper or deposition be received? And pending this question, it was, On motion of Mr. Lewis CoNDict, Ordered, That the further hearing of the case
In the House of Representatives, Mr. MILLIGAN presented a petition from citizens of |Wilmington, Delaware, praying for the establishment of a custom house in that city, which was referred to the Committee on commerce. The consideration was resumed of the charges against the Collector of Wiscasset, and Mr. PLUMMER continued his remarks in favor of the report of the Committee on the Judiciary, until the expiration of the hour. The House then proceeded to the trial of General Houston, for a breach of privilege, and the accused was conducted to the bar by the Sergeant-at-Arms. The question was again discussed as to the putting of a certain interrogatory propounded to Mr. Stanbery on the preceding day, by the counsel for the accused, and a motion was made for the reconsideration of the vote by which it had been ordered. The motion, however, was negatived upon a division of yeas and nays. The examination was then proceeded in, but was interrupted at various times by discussing on the nature of the testimony given, and its relevancy to the case under consideration. The Senate did not sit on Saturday. The House of Representatives assembled at eleven o'clock, and the usual morning business was laid aside, in conformity with the vote of
be postponed until 11 o'clock, A. M. to-morrow;
the preceding day, for the purpose of proceed.
when Samuel Houston was remanded into the sing with the trial of Mr. Houston, for breach custody of the Sergeant-at-Arms, and was con- of privilege. The House sat till four o'clock,
ducted from the bar.
11 o'clock, A. M.
- and considerable progress was made in the And the House adjourned until to-morrow, strial.
The examination of Mr. Stanbery was
resumed and concluded; and General Vance of
[Those words with brackets are not upon|Ohio, and Colonel Cave Johnson, of Tennessee,
the Journal, but are inserted by the copyist.]
were afterwards respectively sworn in their
... | places in the House, and interrogated. Before,
* however, the examination of the latter was
broughto, close, the further prosecution of
- . case was postponed till twelve o'clock this W,
Before the rising of the House, the time for the Bank Committee to report the result of the recent investigation at Philadelphia, was extended to the prsent week, about the middle, Ottowards the end of which, the report may he expected.
TUEsmay, APRIL 24.
In the Senate, yesterday, two messages were !eceived from the President of the United States —one, transmitting a report from the Secretary of State, recommending the passage of a law making it penalto counterfeit the foreign coins in circulation; and the other, transmitting a refrom the Secretary of the Treasury, in re
charges, and after some remarks from Evans, of Maine, Mr. PLUMMER resumed his argument in favor of referring the subject to the Treasury Department. On the expiration of the hour, the House proceeded to the trial of General Houston. The accused was conducted to the bar, attended, as before, by the Sergeant-atArms, and by his counsel, Mr. F. S. Key. The testimony delivered, on Saturday by Colonel CAve Johnson, of Tennessee, was read over, and that gentleman was further examined by the counsel for the accused, and by various members of the House, as to the feelings mani. fested, and the language used by General Houston, on the subject of the remarks of Mr. Stanbery, and the circumstances attending the delivery of the note from the accused to the latter. At the request of the counsel for the accused, Mr. Senator GRUNDY was then sworn and examined. He stated that Gen. Houston had
tion to the public lands, prepared in obedi. tnce to the resolution of the 26th March last. The motion of Mr. Hespnicks for the reconsideration of the vote, on ordering the bill providing frextending the means of vaccination to the Indians to its third reading, was taken up, and the vote was reconsidered. Mr. FRELINGhorses then submitted an amendment, which was adopted after a short debate; and, on motion of Mr. Garxır, the bill was recommitted, with instructions, to the Committee on Indian is. The morning's business having been oncluded, the consideration of the appropriation bill was resumed, and the debate of Friday was continued by Messrs. Millen, CLAxton, Trlin, Clay, South, Holmes, King, Bibb, Braatre, and Forsyth. On taking the question, the amendment made incommittee of the Whole was concurred in—yeas, 23—nays, 2 F. So the appropriation of $9,000, for the outfit of *Imnister to France, was striken out of the bill. After adopting some amendments, and rejectto others, the Senate adjourned. Iuthe House of Representatives, a message ** received from the President from the United States, transmitting a report of the Secretary of State, suggesting the propriety of passing a *making it criminal to counterfeit, within the hits of the United states, the coins of foreign *tions. On the motion of Mr. Ellswomtil, *** referred to the Committee on the Judi* A variety of petitions and memorials *Afterwards presented. Mr. Prance sub*d a resolution on the subject of the re* Artest of Dr. Samuel G. Howe, by the uthorities of the kingdom of Prussia. Mr. *Tox offered a resolution providing for the *lying into one act, by the i. of "", all the various laws on the subject of the *; which was laid on the table one day. htions were presented also by Mr. Dux!", Mr. Slane, and Mr. Mannis; and Mr. *laid before the House certain resoluons of the legislature of Louisiana, on the sub*of the renewal of the bank charter, and the *ruction of a ship channel from New Orleans "the Gulf of Mexico. The House then took *the report on the case of the wiscasset
home and could not go. Mr. BLAIR retired,
He (Mr. Bucks ER) was conversing with Mr. Houston, and asking him a question, when Mr. StAN RERY appeared, crossing the street. Mr. H. did not reply to Mr. B.'s question; but on Mr. S. placing his foot on the pavement, he was asked by Mr. H. if that was Mr. Stanbery Mr. S. replied, very politely, with a bow, yes, Sir ; and with that, Mr. Houston, with an oath, call. ed him a rascal, and struck him. Mr. BuckNER proceeded to detail the further circumstances attending the assault. " He was further interrogated by members of the House; after which, Dr. Hall was sworn and examined, as to the handwriting, of the affidavit of Mr. [Luther Blake, which he stated to be, according to his belief, Mr. Prentiss's 5 and also, in relation to the moral character of Mr. Blake. Mr. Senator Tipton, of Indiana, was next examined, and gave evidence on the subject of the statement made in his room, as to the rul mor of a challenge from Mr. Houston to Mr. StAN bonx, and an alleged threat of the accus. ed to cane or whip the latter.. Mr. William P. Shaw was then sworn and examined with reference to the circo, nstances attending Mr. Blake's departure from the city. FOREIGN INTELIGENCE,
isters, repeated, in the strongest possible man. ner, his determination not to ratify the treaty, and, that Count Orloff had dispatched a courier
TEN DAYS LATER FROM FRANCE.
By an arrival, at New York, the editors of
with the information to Prince Lieven.
The language of Count Orloff, at the Hague,
the Journal of Commerce have received Havre has been decided and pacific. The Dutch be
papers to March 15, and Paris to the 14th, gin to open their eyes to the blind and selfish
The dates from London are four days later. policy of their Sovereign, and it is said, that the 8.
The affairs of Italy attract the chief attention of the politicians.
allant Prince of Orange himself remonstrated
with his father on the imprudence of a course
The commercial accounts are of a decidedly which may involve him in a ruinous, oppres:
favorable character. -" London Cholera Report for March 8th. New cases 42, recoveries 34, deaths 28. from commencement—cases 441, deaths 234. The following are the only places at the north in which the reports of the day give either new cases, recoveries, or deaths:–North Shields, recoveries 2; Prestonpans, recoveries 4, died 1; Garrald, new cases 1, died I; Glasgow, new cases 9, recovered 8, died 3; Gorham, new cases 2, died 1; Paisley, new cases 12, recovered 10, died 8. The Steamboat Superb left Falmouth on the 9th with Portuguese emigrants, to join Don Pedro at Terceira. Letters from Valencia speak of the constant marching of Spanish troops towards the Portuguese frontier. London, March 12.-(From the Courier)— It is with pain we have to say, that notwith. standing the good understanding which exists between this country and France, Lord Palmerston has thought it tiecessary to express great discontent at the occcupation of Ancona by the French. The report in the highest circles, is that Lord P. has sent a Courier with instructions to our Ambassador, Lord Granville, that he should remonstrate against the conduct of the French Ministers, and demand that the tricolored flag should be withdrawn from the Citadel of Ancona, and that the French troops should be immediately recalled. The remonstance is, however, concluded in amicable terms, and it is not probable that any serious misunderstanding will result. If there is any one thing which we should consider more dangerous to our Government than any other thing, it is the adoption hastily of the views of other States against France. Another paper remarks upon the above, that it is the story of the Tories; that in fact, M. Talleyrand was the projector of the expedition to Italy, and that, with the privity of the En
sive, and unneces-ary war.—Globe.
Important dispatches were received yester
Total day from Count orloff, and a conference was
held in the afternoon, The Ambassadors continued in deliberation four hours. Dispatches were also received from Sir Charles Bagot.Globe. A vessel has arrived at Bristol after a short passage of six days from Bilboa. The master states that the cholera has existed in that place for a considerable time, that the deaths daily were about thirty, and that the number of individuals ill of the disease when he left exceeded 3,000.-Courier.
MADRIn, March 5.-There are constant apprehensions of desertion to Don Pedro from the Spanish army. On account of this, only the troops most to be trusted are sent to the frontiers. On the frontiers of Portugal, there are now 28,000 men besides 18,000 in Gui. quzeoo, 15,000 in Catalonia, and 15,000 in Burgos and Valladolid. The choice of M. Rayneval, to represent France, at Madrid, is said to be designed to gratify our court.
Lisbox, Feb. 20.--From St. Michaels we have news in five days that a part of the expedition of Don Pedro has already arrived ther: with troops destined to act against Don Miguel It is said that Madeira has failen into the hands of the Constitutionalists,
1,anding of French Troops at ..?ncona—Papal Edict against the Patriots—it jection ly Peers of the Law for abolishing the anning. sary of the death of Louis XVI.
To the Editor of the London Morning Chronick
Panis, March 4, 1832.
Sin—The expedition sent by M. Peier"
Italy, has arrived at Ancona! and the Ministry
glish Government. Loxbon, March 9.-The departure of Count Orloff, from the Hague is, we have reason to believe, postponed for a short period. The time for his arrival here will probably depend on the
of the 13th March, thinks it is now prepared" face the storm—to boast of the tri-colored flag floating on the ancient citadel, and pointing" its triumphs—to exclaim, “We have been to
arrrival at the Hague of couriers which he ex-lrepose on ouriaureis” “
pects from St. Petersburgh, Berlin, and Vienna.
Now let me ask you, do you see any ground
We may take this opportunity of asserting, for triumph, for satisfaction, for boasting, in th: that there is not the slightest foundation for the facts. I have just stated? Twelve hundre report, that the cabinet of the Netherlands has French troops sent to Italy, and the Austrian agreed to ratify the treaty of the conference. General assuring the Italian patriots that the So far from any thing having occurred at the French forces have not arrived to aid the cause
Hague, to justify this roport, it was even sta"—to secure their independence—and to actin of ted there, but we think rather prematurely, concert with the friends of liberty in demand 's
that the King had, upon the advice of his min-ling national and popular institutions, and a wise,
and constitutional freedom. Oh, no; but that
subjects in the Legations; and obtained an or
* the French sorces have arrived to act in con-der that all his subjects should quit the Papal
| bellion" and “anarchy!" and whatever may
from the present Chamber—then the session
States in 24 hours ? But, above all, if the Pope meant to yield : if French intervention was to secure liberty; if the Pope did not intend to follow up his bloody code of inquisition, trials, and State murder, then, how comes it, that, on the 20th of February, only one day before the arrival of the French squadron at Ancona, that this same Pope, through the medium of Cardinal Albani, issued at Bologna one of the most disgraceful and bloody codes of criminal jurisprudence, and inquisitorial persecution, ever yet penned by any tyrant of modern or even ancient date This edict of Cardinal Albani I inclose you in my letter. Translate and publish it word for word, and let Christendom know how the Pope of Rome, the Vicar of Christ on earth, (as he styles himself) acts to. wards the offending and oppressed, the weak and disarmed, in the 19th century of christianity “Death " “blood " “galley for life!” “secret tribunals (" “speedy executions,” or rather assassinations ! These are the principles of this revolting edict, by which Italian patriots are to be condemned hastily to the axe, or to linger and suf. fer in nnwholesome prisons, and solitary, dark, damp cells | The French expedition has arriv. ed at Ancona | Let us wait the result, Let us see if this edict is recalled. Let us see if the Bolognese have free institutions secured to them. Let us see if the Austrian troops retire. Let us see if the just wishes and demands of the Pope's subjects are conceded ! I do not believe this will be the case. All probabilities are against it. Well, then, if it be so, that the French expedition at Ancona shall only arrive in time to bring back to France the news of the massacre of Italian patriots by an inqisitorial tribunal, then we shall have another guarantee that the race of Perier is short—that the peace of Europe is impossible, and that very, very shortly “the People”, of Poland, Belgi. um, Germany, Italy, Spain, Portugal, and France, will unite to overthrow the despotism which now grinds them to the dust. M. Perier may succeed in postponing—he can do no more. He may get his client, Louis Philip, “over the long vacation,” but “term time” will at length arrive—the judgment will be
vengeance of the Papal Government, and to signed, and the sentence will be put in execuguarantee to the Legations the grant by the tion. Still, M. Perier may save himself—may Pope of liberal and national institutions. if this save the throne—save Louis Philip—and save * indeed so, then the French exedition of the Revolution of July. Another chance i To men must be speedily augmented—the given him. . Providence is very kind to him' Austrian General, Grabowski, is then sadly ig-jone vast and one national effort for Italy may ontof the nature of this expedition—and it yet be made. , Will M. Perier allow this oppor. *ill be as well if the subjects of the Pope beltunity to pass by unheeded? I believe so. Then *med, before it is too late, that they may he must prepare for the consequences; for the **on on French assistance, provided they livengeance of the people is terrible : * heir demands to requiring constitutional| The French Chamber of Peers has now com. *iffee institutions. But if this be so, which menced with a vengeance the courter revolulsill doubt, then how comes it, that, in the tion It decided, yesterday, by a majority of *cithis French expedition, and knowing it 78 against 56, that the law of 1816, which es. * about to arrive, and that so shortly, that tablished a national day of mourning each year * Duke of Modena should have visited Bo-for the death of Louis the Sixteenth, shall not ona—required the names of all Modenesel be repealed. This is an attack on the revolu