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Regulation, Valuation and Depreciation of Public Utilities (Classic Reprint)
Samuel S. Wyer
Ingen forhåndsvisning tilgjengelig - 2017
Regulation, Valuation and Depreciation of Public Utilities
Samuel S Wyer
Ingen forhåndsvisning tilgjengelig - 2013
action actual amount annual average basis become bonds candle capital cause cent charge conductor considered Constitution construction consumer contract corporation corrosion cost courts damage defined depreciation determining direct discussion duty earnings economic effect electric electrolysis element Engineering equal equipment expenses fact factor fair Federal fire fixed follows franchise fund give given Going grant heat Hence important increase indicated interest investment iron land legislation less light limited load loss mains means method natural necessary operation physical pipe plant practically present pressure produce profits protection question rails railway rates reasonable refer regulation Relation rendered result secure shown street structures supply telephone term Test Thoro discussion thru tion trolley underground United Utility valuation water power
Side 63 - Property does become clothed with a public interest when used in a manner to make it of public consequence and affect the community at large. When, therefore, one devotes his property to a use in which the public has an interest, he, in effect, grants to the public an interest in that use, and must submit to be controlled by the public for the common good, to the extent of the interest he has thus created. He may withdraw his grant by discontinuing the use; but, so long as he maintains the use, he...
Side 161 - And we concur with the court below in holding that the value of the property is to be determined as of the time when the inquiry is made regarding the rates. If the property, which legally enters into the consideration of the question of rates, has increased in value since it was acquired, the company is entitled to the benefit of such increase.
Side 88 - A judicial inquiry investigates, declares, and enforces liabilities as they stand on present or past facts and under laws supposed already to exist. That is its purpose and end. Legislation, on the other hand, looks to the future and changes existing conditions by making a new rule, to be applied thereafter to all or some part of those subject to its power.
Side 78 - To justify the state in thus interposing its authority in behalf of the public, it must appear, first, that the interests of the public generally, as distinguished from those of a particular class, require such interference ; and second, that the means are reasonably necessary for the accomplishment of the purpose, and not unduly oppressive upon individuals.
Side 94 - But it is not on slight implication and vague conjecture that the legislature is to be pronounced to have transcended its powers, and its acts to be considered as void. The opposition between the Constitution and the law should be such that the judge feels a clear and strong conviction of their incompatibility with each other.
Side 79 - Upon principle, every statute which takes away or impairs vested rights acquired under existing laws, or creates a new obligation, imposes a new duty, or attaches a new disability, in respect to transactions or considerations already past, must be deemed retrospective.
Side 123 - ... one of the most important, and at the same time, one of the least expensive and troublesome, which we possess.
Side 68 - It may be said in a general way that the police power extends to all the great public needs. ... It may be put forth in aid of what is sanctioned by usage, or held by the prevailing morality or strong and preponderant opinion to be greatly and immediately necessary to the public welfare.
Side 90 - The government of the United States, then, though limited in its powers, is supreme; and its laws, when made in pursuance of the Constitution, form the supreme law of the land, ' ' anything in the Constitution or laws of any State to the contrary notwithstanding.
Side 89 - The idea that any legislature, state or Federal, can conclusively determine for the people and for the courts that what it enacts in the form of law, or what it authorizes its agents to do, is consistent with the fundamental law, is in opposition to the theory of our institutions.