International Law Situations

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U.S. Government Printing Office, 1929
 

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Side 78 - First, to use due diligence to prevent the fitting out, arming, or equipping, within its jurisdiction, of any vessel which it has reasonable ground to believe is intended to cruis* or to carry on war against a Power with which it is at peace...
Side 12 - And in the same case of one of the contracting parties being engaged in war with any other power, to prevent all the difficulties and misunderstandings that usually arise respecting the merchandise heretofore called contraband, such as arms, ammunition and military stores of every kind...
Side 24 - Fuel of all kinds ; all contrivances for, or means of, transportation on land, in the water or air, and machines used in their manufacture or repair ; component parts thereof ; instruments, articles, or animals necessary or convenient for their use ; materials or ingredients used in their c.
Side 63 - Every method must be modified having regard to the modifications of material which men have at their d sposal, on condition that the method remains humane and civilized. " The French Admiralty considers that to-day a ship, in order to be searched, should be brought to a port whenever the state of the sea, the nature, weight, volume, and stowage of the suspect cargo, as well as the obscurity and lack of precision of the ship's papers, render search at sea practically impossible or dangerous for the...
Side 18 - Government therefore can not consistently protest against the application of rules which it has followed in the past, unless they have not been practiced as heretofore. (5) Acquiescence without protest to the inclusion of copper and other articles in the British lists of absolute contraband. The United States has now under consideration the question of the right of a belligerent to include "copper unwrought" in its list of absolute contraband instead of in its list of conditional contraband.
Side 11 - Government confines its comments to arms and ammunition, but, if the principle for which it contends is sound, it should apply with equal force to all articles of contraband. A belligerent controlling the high seas might possess an ample supply of arms and ammunition but be in want of food and clothing. On the novel principle that equalization is a neutral duty, neutral nations would be obligated to place an embargo on such articles because one of the belligerents could not obtain them through commercial...
Side 95 - the prisoners of merchant vessels of an enemy who in self-defence and in protection of the vessel placed in their charge resist an attack, are entitled to the status of prisoners of war.
Side 102 - I have therefore directed the Secretary of State to announce to his Excellency the German Ambassador that all diplomatic relations between the United States and the German Empire are severed, and that the American Ambassador at Berlin will immediately be withdrawn; and, in accordance with this decision, to hand to his Excellency his passports.
Side 84 - ... intended use of the armament, in order that it may be determined whether the evidence is sufficient to remove the presumption that the vessel is, and should be treated as, a ship of war. Clearance will not be granted until authorized from Washington, and the master will be so informed upon arrival. E. The conversion of a merchant vessel into a ship of war...
Side 90 - The status of an armed merchant vessel as a warship in neutral waters may be determined, in the absence of documentary proof or conclusive evidence of previous aggressive conduct, by presumption derived from all the circumstances of the case. The status of such vessel as a warship on the high seas must be determined only upon conclusive evidence of aggressive purpose, in the absence of which it is to be presumed that the vessel has a private and peaceable character, and it should be so treated by...

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