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ments of this act. The said commissioner is authorized to cause an action or actions to be brought on said bond in the name of the people of the State of Ohio for any violation of [any of] its conditions, and he may also revoke upon a full hearing, any license,

whatever (whenever] in his judgment, the party licensed shall Register. have violated any of the provisions of this act. It shall be the

duty of every licensed agency to keep a register, in which shall be entered the name and address of every applicant. Such licensed agency shall also enter into a register the name and address of every person who shall make application for help or servants; and the name or nature of the employment for which such help shall be wanted. Such register shall at all reasonable hours, be

open to the inspection and examination of the commissioner of Fee.

labor or his agents. Where a registration fee is charged for receiving or filing applications for employment or help, said fee shall in no case exceed the sum of two ($2) dollars for which a receipt shall be given, in which shall be stated the name of the applicant, the amount of the fee, the date, the name or character of the work or situation to be procured. In case the said applicant shall not obtain a situation or employment through such licensed agency within one month after registration as aforesaid, then said licensed agency shall forthwith repay and return to such applicant, upon demand being made therefor, the full amount of the fee paid or delivered by sa id applicant to said licensed agency,

provided that such demand be made within thirty (30) days after Immoral re- the expiration of the period aforesaid. No agency shall send or sorts.

cause to be sent any female help or servant to any place of bad repute, house of ill fame or assignation house, or any house or place of amusement kept for immoral purposes. No such licensed agency shall publish or cause to be published any false or fraudulent notice or advertisement, or to give any false information, or to make any false promise concerning or relating to work or employment to anyone who shall register for employment, and no licensed agency shall make any false entries in the register to be kept as herein provided. No person, firm or corporation shall conduct the business of any employment office in, or in connection

with, any place where intoxicating liquors are sold. Enforce- SEC, 2. It shall be the duty of the commissioner of labor to en

force this act, when informed of any violation, [and] it shall be his duty to institute criminal proceedings for the enforcement of its penalties before any court of competent jurisdiction. Any person convicted for the violation of the provisions of this act shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and shall be fined not less than fifty ($50) dollars nor more than one hundred ($100) dollars for each offense, or by imprisonment in the county jail for a period not exceeding six (6) months, or both, at the discretion of the

court. Definition, Sec. 3. A private employment agency is defined and interpreted

to mean any person, firm or corporation furnishing employment or help, or who shall display any employment sign or bulletin, or through the medium of any card, circular or pamphlet, offering employment or help, shall be deemed an employment agency, and subject to the provisions of this act, whether a fee or commission is charged or not: Provided, That charitable organizations are

not included. Same.

Sec. 4. The term “applicant for employment" as used in this act, shall be construed to mean any person seeking work of any lawful character, and “ applicant for help” shall mean any person or persons seeking help in any legitimate enterprise; and nothing in this act shall be construed to limit the meaning of the term “work" to manual labor, but it shall include professional

service and all other legitimate service. Fund.

SEC. 5. All money or moneys received from fees and fines as herein provided shall be held by [the] said commissioner of labor, and the same shall constitute a fund for the purpose of enforcing the provisions of this act; and the said commissioner shall at the

ment.

end of each fiscal year, make an account of said fund and pay into the State treasury whatever balance shall remain after paying the necessary disbursements for the purpose of enforcing the provisions of this act.

Employers' liability-Assumption of risk.

(Page 547.) SECTION 1. In any action brought by an employee, or his legal Negligence

of employers. representative, against his employer, to recover for personal injuries, when it shall appear that the injury was caused in whole or in part by the negligent omission of such employer to guard or protect his machinery or appliances, or the premises or place where said employee was employed, in the manner required by any penal statute of the State or United States in force at the date of the passage of this act, the fact that such employee continued in said employment with knowledge of such omission, shall not operate as a defense; and in such action, if the jury find for Recovery the plaintiff, it may award such damages not exceeding, for in- limited. juries resulting in death, the sum of five thousand dollars, and for injuries not so resulting, the sum of three thousand dollars, as it may find proportioned to the pecuniary damages resulting from said injuries; but nothing herein shall affect the provisions of section 6135 of the Revised Statutes [relating to injuries causing death.) Nothing herein contained shall be construed as affecting the Contributory

negligence. defense of contributory negligence, nor the admissibility of evidence competent to support such defense.

ACTS OF 1906.
Safety appliances on railway8--Self-cleaning ash pans on

locomotives.

(Page 46.) SECTION 1. Any person, firm or corporation, owning, operating Dump p ans or controlling any railroad running through or within the State required. of Ohio, shall in all cases where practical, cause each and every locomotive now in use upon such railroad, to be equipped with a self-cleaning ash dump pan of modern and approved pattern and design; and all engines or locomotives now in course of construction or that shall be built or constructed in the future, shall be so equipped. And in no case shall any engineer or fireman be compelled to go under any locomotive for the purpose of removing ashes from the same, except in cases of emergency.

SEC. 2. Any person, or corporation who shall violate any of the Violations. provisions of this act shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction thereof shall be fined for each offense in any sum not less than $500 or more than $1,000 : Provided, That this act shall not apply to any person, firm or corporation owning, operating or controlling any railroad or division thereof running through or within this state, who do not require engineers or firemen to go under the engine for the purpose of removing ashes from the same except in cases of emergency.

Sec. 3. Any person, firm or corporation failing to comply with Defenses abthe provisions of this act, shall not be allowed to set up or make rogated. the defense of contributory negligence, or assumption of risk, in any action for personal injury to, or death of, any engineer or fireman resulting from the failure of such person, firm or corporation to comply with the provisions of this act.

Safety appliances on railways-Brakes, couplers, etc.

(Page 75.)

Brakes.

SECTION 1. It shall be unlawful for any common carrier engaged in moving traffic by railroad between points within this State to use on its line any locomotive in moving such traffic not equipped

with power driving wheel brakes and appliances for operating the train brake system, or to run any train in such traffic that has not seventy-five per centum of its cars in such train having their brakes used and operated by the engineer of the locomotive drawing such train, and all power brake cars in such train shall be associated together and have their brakes used and operated. The commissioner of railroads and telegraphs, or any board or railroad commission, which may by law assume the authority and perform the duties of the commissioner of railroads and telegraphs, may from time to time, after full hearing and for good cause shown, increase the minimum percentage of cars in any train required to be operated by power or train brakes and failure to comply with any such requirement of said commissioner, or commission, shall be subject io a like penalty as failure to comply

with any requirement of this act. Couplers. SEC. 2. It shall be unlawful for any such common carrier to

haul, or permit to be hauled or used on its line, any locomotive, car, tender, or similar vehicle used in moving State traffic, not equipped with couplers coupling automatically by impact, and which can be uncoupled, without the necessity of men going between the ends of the cars.

SEC. 3. It shall be unlawful for any such common carrier to haul Grab Irons. or permit to be hauled or used on its line any locomotive, car,

tender, or similar vehicle used in moving State traffic, not provided with secure grab irons or hand holds in the sides and ends thereof; each and every car used in the movement of State traffic shall be provided with secure sill steps on each end of each side

thereof. Drawbars. Sec. 4. It shall be unlawful for any such common carrier to use

any locomotive, tender, car, or similar vehicle used in the movement of State traffic, that is not provided with drawbars of the standard height, to wit, standard-gauge cars, 344 inches; narrowgauge cars, 26 inches, measured perpendicular from the level of the tops of the rails to the centers of the drawbars; the maximum variation from such standard heights between drawbars of empty

and loaded cars shall be three inches. Cars of con- SEC. 5. Any such common carrier may refuse to receive from necting lines. connecting lines or from any shipper any car not equipped in ac

cordance with the foregoing sections of this act. Violations. SEC. 6. Any such common carrier using or permitting to be used

or hauled on its line any locomotive, tender, car, or similar vehicle, or train, in violation of any of the provisions of this act shall be liable to a penalty of one hundred dollars for each and every such violation, to be recovered in a suit or suits to be brought by the prosecuting attorney in the common pleas court of the county having jurisdiction in the locality where such violation shall have occurred; and it shall be the duty of such prosecuting attorney to bring such suits upon duly verified information being lodged with him of such violation having occurred; and it shall be the duty of the commissioner of railroads and telegraphs, or any board or railroad commission, which may by law assume the authority and perform the duties of the commissioner of railroads and telegraphs, to lodge with the proper prosecuting attorneys information of any such violations as may come to its knowledge: Provided, That nothing in this act contained shall apply to locomotives, tenders, cars, or trains, exclusively used in the movement of logs, and when the height of the drawbars on such locomotives, tenders and cars does not exceed 25 inches, or to street cars, or to locomotives, tenders, cars, similar vehicles, or trains, while any

of which are in actual use in interstate commerce. Defenses ab- Sec. 7. Any employee of any such common carrier who may be rogated. killed or injured by any locomotive, tender, car, similar vehicle,

or train, in use contrary to the provisions of this act, shall not be deemed thereby to have assumed the risk thereby occasioned, although continuing in the employment of such carrier after the unlawful use of such locomotive, tender, car, similar vehicle, or train had been brought to his knowledge, nor shall such employee

Extensions.

be held to have contributed to his injury in any case where the carrier shall have violated any provision of this act, when such violation contributed to the death or injury of such employee.

SEC. 8. The commissioner of railroads and telegraphs, or any board or railroad commission, which may by law assume the authority and perform the duties of the commissioner of railroads and telegraphs, is hereby authorized to grant to any common carriers, upon full hearing and for good cause, a reasonable extension of time in which to comply with the provision of this act: Provided, That in no case shall such extension or extensions in the aggregate exceed the period of one year from the passage of this act.

Mine regulations-Sprinkling dusty entries, etc.

(Page 169.)

SECTION 1. In case any entry or air way of any mine is so dry

Sprinkling that the air becomes charged with dust the operator, or whoever required, when. is operating said mine, as owner, lessee, agent or in any capacity shall have such entry or air way regularly and thoroughly sprayed and sprinkled with water or cleaned in such manner that the air will not become charged with dust. SEC. 2. It shall be the duty of the State mine inspectors to en

Duty of force all possible preventive measures necessary to maintain the mine inspectsafety of the persons employed in any mine against the gathering ors. or accumulating of any combustible matter that is explosive in its nature, and shall cause the operator or whoever is operating such mine as owner, lessee, agent or in any capacity, to immediately remove any such gathered or accumulated matter.

SEC. 3. Any operator, or whoever is operating such mine as Violations. owner, lessee, agent or in any capacity, who shall neglect or refuse to comply with the conditions required to be performed by sections one (1) and two (2) of this act shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction, shall be fined in any sum not exceeding five hundred dollars ($500) nor less than two hundred ($200), at the discretion of the court.

Mine rcgulationsEmployment of miners.

(Page 259.)

SECTION 1. Every person desiring to work by himself as a miner Qualifica in the coal mines of this State shall first produce satisfactory evi- tions. dence to the mine boss of the mine in which he is employed, or desires to be employed, that he has worked at least one year with, or as a practical coal miner. Until said applicant has so satisfied the mine boss of the mine in which he seeks such employment of his competency, he shall not be allowed to mine coal unless accompanied by some competent coal miner, until he becomes duly qualified: Provided, That this act shall not [only] apply to mines generating fire damp, gas or combustible matter. SEC. 2. Any person violating section one of this act, shall be

Violations, deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction be fined, not more than two hundred dollars, nor less than twenty-five dollars, at the discretion of the court.

Accidents on railroads.

(Page 356.)

SECTION 29. Every railroad shall, whenever an accident attended

Accidents to with loss of human life occurs within this State, upon its line of be reported. road or on its depot grounds or yards, give immediate notice thereof to the commission. In the event of any such accident, the

Investiga commission, if it deem the public interest requires it, shall cause tions. an investigation to be made forthwith, which investigaton shall be held in the locality of the accident, unless, for greater conven

ience of those concerned, it shall order such investigation to be held at some other place, and said investigation may be adjourned from place to place as may be found necessary and convenient. The commission shall seasonably notify an officer or station agent of the company of the time and place of the investigation. The cost of such investigation shall be certified by the chairman of the commission, and the same shall be audited and paid by the State in the same manner as other expenses are audited and paid and a record or file of said proceedings and evidence shall be kept by said commission.

OKLAHOMA.

CONSTITUTION OF 1907.

cials.

*

ABTICLE VI.-Commissioner of laborMine inspector. State of SECTION 1. The executive authority of the State shall be vested in a

chief mine inspector, commissioner of labor, *, each of whom shall keep his office and publie records, books, and papers at the seat of government, and shall perform such duties as may be designated in this constitution or pre

scribed by law. Department SEC. 20. A department of labor is hereby created to be under of labor.

the control of a commissioner of labor who shall be elected by the people, whose term of office shall be four years, and whose

duties shall be prescribed by law. Board of ar- Sec. 21. The legislature shall create a board of arbitration bitration, and and conciliation in the department of labor and the commissioner conciliation.

of labor shall be ex officio chairman. Inspector of SEC. 25. The office of chief inspector of mines, oil, and gas is mines, etc.

hereby created, and the incumbent of said office shall be known as the chief mine inspector. The term of said office shall be four years, and no person shall be elected to said office unless he shall have had eight years' actual experience as a practical miner, and such other qualifications as may be prescribed by the legislature. The chief mine inspector shall perform the duties, take the oath,

and execute the bond prescribed by the legislature. Mining dis

SEC. 26. The legislature shall create mining districts and protricts.

vide for the appointment or election of assistant inspectors Assistant in- therein, who shall be under the general control of the chief mine spectors.

inspector, and the legislature shall define their qualifications and duties and fix their compensation.

ARTICLE IX.-Liability of employers for injuries to employees.

Fellow - sery- SECTION 36. The common law doctrine of the fellow-servant, so ice not a

de- far as it affects the liability of the master for injuries to his fense.

servant, resulting from the acts or omissions of any other servant or servants of the common master, is abrogated as to every employee of every railroad company and every street railway company or interurban railway company, and of every person, firm, or corporation engaged in mining in this State; and every such employee shall have the same right to recover for every injury suffered by him for the acts or omissions of any other employee or employees of the common master that a servant would have if

such acts or omissions were those of the master himself in the Death. performance of a nonassignable duty; and when death, whether

instantaneous or not, results to such employee from any injury for which he could have recovered under the above provisions, had not death occurred, then his legal or personal representative, surviving consort or relatives, or any trustee, curator, committee or guardian of such consort or relatives, shall have the same rights and remedies with respect thereto, as if death had been caused by the negligence of the master. And every railroad company and every street railway company or interurban railway company, and every person, firm, or corporation engaged in underground mining

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