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SEC. 4390a. Every person or corporation owning, occupying or

Tire escapes. controlling any factory, workshop or structure three or more stories high, except such as are included in the next preceding section, in which twenty-five or more persons are employed at any kind of labor, shall provide and keep connected with the same one or more good and substantial metallic or fireproof ladders, stairs or stairways, ready for use at all times, reaching from the cornice to the top of the first story, and placed on the outside thereof in such position and number as may be designated by the chief of the fire department or fire marshal of the city or village in which such structure is situated, or by the State factory inspector, and at each story above the first a wrought iron balcony in connection with such ladder, such balcony to be substantially attached to the structure, and of such length as to permit of access to it from two or more windows on each story, and of sufficient size to furnish reasonable means of escape to the persons employed therein from each and every floor or story above the first; and in all cities and villages where there is a water supply, either from waterworks, fire engines or pumping station, there shall be attached to such fire escape, except on structures equipped with automatic sprinklers, a three-inch wrought iron standpipe Standpipes. extending from a point within five feet from the ground to a point three feet above the roof or cornice, and on the roof shall be · attached a two and one-half inch angle hose valve, with male hose connection and a double or Siamese “Yfemale hose connection at the base of the pipe, the threads of which shall conform to the size and pattern used by the fire department where the structure is located. Any such person or corporation who shall fail, for three months after the receipt of notice in writing, stating the substance of the provisions of this section, from such chief, marshal or inspector to provide and keep such means of escape or such standpipe shall be punished by fine not exceeding one hundred dollars.

Guards on thrashing machines.

SECTION 4396. Any person owning or running any thrashing ma

Joints to be chine in this State so constructed that any joint, knuckle or jack

covered. thereof is dangerously exposed, who shall neglect to cover or secure the same in some suitable manner so as to prevent injury to persons passing over or near the same, shall be punished by fine not exceeding fifty dollars nor less than two dollars.

Protection of workingmen as members of the National Guard.

etc.

SECTION 4423m. A person who, either by himself or with an- Depriving of other, willfully deprives a member of the national guard of his employment, employment, or prevents his being employed by himself or another, or in respect to his trade, business or employment, because said member of said national guard is such member, or dissuades any person from enlistment in the said national guard by threat of injury to him in case he shall so enlist, in respect to his employment, trade, or business, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction thereof shall be punished by a fine of not less than ten dollars nor more than twenty-five dollars, or by imprisonment in he county jail for not less than ten days nor more than twenty days. SEC. 4423n. No association or corporation, constituted or organ

Excluding

from labor orized for the purpose of promoting the success of the trade, employ

ganizations. ment, or business of the members thereof, shall by any constitution, rule, by-law, resolution, vote or regulation, discriminate against any member of the National Guard of the State of Wisconsin, because of such membership in respect to the eligibility of such member of the said national guard to membership in such association or corporation, or in respect to his right to retain said last-mentioned membership. It is the purpose of this section and

the section immediately preceding to protect a member of the said national guard from disadvantage in his means of livelihood and liberty therein but not to give him any preference or advantage on account of his membership in said national guard. A person who aids in enforcing any such provisions against a member of the said national guard with the intent to discriminate against him because of such membership, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction thereof shall be punished by a fine of not less than ten dollars nor more than twenty dollars, or by imprisonment in the county jail for not less than ten days nor more than twenty days.

Ercmption of wages-Unlaroful assignment of claims. Sending claim SECTIÓN 4438f. Any person who shall, whether as principal, out of State. agent or attorney, with intent thereby to deprive any bona fide

resident of this State of his rights under the statutes thereof relat-
ing to the exemption of property or earnings from sale or garnish-
ment, send or cause to be sent out of this State any claim for
debt for the purpose of having the same collected by proceedings in
attachment, garnishment or other mesne process, when the cred-
itor and debtor and the person or corporation owing the debtor the
money intended to be reached by any such proceedings are within
the jurisdiction of the courts of this State; or who directly or in-
directly assigns or transfers any claim for debt against such a
resident for the purpose of having the same collected by such pro-
ceedings or any of them out of the wages or personal earnings of
the debtor or of his minor children, whose earnings contribute to
the support of his family, in courts without this State, when the
creditor and debtor and person or corporation owing the money
intended to be reached by such proceedings are each and all
within the jurisdiction of the courts of this state, shall be fined
not more than fifty dollars nor less than ten dollars for each
offense.
Forgery, etc., of cards of railroad labor organizations and of

employers' certificates. Forging SECTION 4464a. Any person who shall falsely make, alter, forge cards, etc.; or counterfeit any card or receipt of dues purporting to be given

or issued by any association of railway employees, or by any of its officers to its members, with intent to injure, deceive or defraud,

shall be punished as hereinafter provided. Certificates. SEC. 4464b. Any person who shall falsely make, alter, forge or

counterfeit any letter or certificate purporting to be given by any corporation or person, or officer or agent of such corporation or person to an employee of such corporation or person at the time of such employee's leaving the service of such corporation or person, showing the capacity or capacities in which such employee was employed by such corporation or person, the date of leaving the service or the reason or cause of such leaving, with the intent to injure, deceive or defraud, shall be punished as hereinafter pro

vided. Uttering or SEC. 4464c. Any person who shall utter, publish, pass or tender passing for

as true, or who shall have in his possession with intent to utter, gery.

publish, pass or tender as true, any false, altered, forged or counterfeited letter, certificate, card or receipt, the forging, altering or counterfeiting whereof is prohibited by either of the preceding sections of this act, with intent to injure, deceive or defraud, shall

be punished as hereinafter provided. Penalty. SEC. 4464d. Any person violating any of the provisions of this

act shall, upon conviction thereof, be punished by imprisonment in the State's prison or county jail not more than one year or by fine not exceeding two hundred dollars.

member

Injuring trade, intimidation, etc. SECTION 4466a. Any two or more persons who shall combine, Combining te associate, agree, mutually undertake or concert together for the injure business,

etc. purpose of willfully or maliciously injuring another in his reputation, trade, business or profession by any means whatever, or for the purpose of maliciously compelling another to do or perform any act against his will, or preventing or hindering another from doing or performing any lawful act shall be punished by imprisonment in the county jail not more than one year or by fine not exceeding five hundred dollars.

This section is constitutional. 25 Sup. Ct. Rep. 3.

SEC. 4466b. Any two or more persons, whether members of a Blacklisting partnership or company of stockholders in a corporation, who are employers of labor, who shall combine or agree to combine for the purpose of preventing any person seeking employment from obtaining the same, or for the purpose of procuring or causing the discharge of any employee by threats, promises, circulating black lists or causing the same to be circulated, or who shall, after having discharged any employee, prevent or attempt to prevent such employee from obtaining employment with any other person, partnership, company or corporation by the means aforesaid, or shall authorize, permit or allow any of his or their agents to blacklist any discharged employee or any employee who has voluntarily left the service of his employer, or circulate a black list of such employee to prevent his obtaining employment under any other employer, or who shall coerce or compel any person to enter res training into an agreement not to unite with or become a member of any from labor organization as a condition of his securing employment or ship in labor

union. continuing therein, shall be punished by a fine of not more than five hundred dollars nor less than one hundred dollars, which fine shall be paid into the State treasury for the benefit of the school fund. Nothing in this section shall prohibit any employer of labor from giving any other such employer, to whom a discharged employee has applied for employment, or to any bondsman or surety, a truthful statement of the reasons for such discharge, when re- Reasons for quested so to do by such employee, the person to whom he has discharge. applied for employment, or any bondsman or surety; but it shall be a violation of this section to give such information with the intent to blacklist, hinder or prevent such employee from obtaining employinent; neither shall anything herein contained prohibit any employer of labor from keeping for his own information and protection a record she the habits, character and competency of his employees and the cause of the discharge or voluntary quitting of any of them.

SEC. 4466c. Any person who by threats, intimidation, force or Interfering coercion of any kind shall hinder or prevent any other person ment.

with employfrom engaging in or continuing in any lawful work or employment, either for himself or as a wage-worker, or who shall attempt to so hinder or prevent shall be punished by fine not exceeding one hundred dollars or by imprisonment in the county jail not more than six months, or by both fine and imprisonment in the discretion of the court.

These sections are declaratory of the common law, and wholly condemn all conspiracies to injure or oppress, or to interfere with the rights of others. Their efficiency is in no degree impaired by any statutory recognition of the right of organization for the purpose of promoting the welfare of labor. 60 Fed. Rep. 803.

For the business agent of a labor organization to say to nonunion men employed on a building “ You can not build this building. I will fight it if it takes all summer, and if your city will not protect us we will get the militia," constitutes offense under this section. 76 N. W. Rep. 594.

43967-08 -91

Employing bodies of armed men. Use of unau- SECTION 4575b. Any person who, for himself or as agent or thorized guards officer of any firm, joint stock company or corporation, shall use in strikes, etc. or employ or aid or assist in employing any body of armed men to

act as militiamen, policemen or peace officers for the protection of persons or property or for the suppression of strikes, whether such armed men be employees of detective agencies, so called, or otherwise, they not being authorized by the laws of tbis State to act in such capacity, shall be punished by fine not exceeding one thousand dollars or by imprisonment in the State prison not less than one year nor more than three years, or by both such fine and imprisonment.

Bribery, etc., of employees. Giving bribes. SECTION 4575m. Whoever corruptly gives, offers or promises to

an a gent, employee or servant, any gift or gratuity whatever, with intent to influence his action in relation to his principal's, em

ployer's or master's business; Requesting Or an agent, employee or servant who corruptiy requests or ac

certs a gift or gratuity or a promise to make a gift or to do an act beneficial to himself, under an agreement or with an understanding that he shall act in any particular manner in relation to

his principal's, employer's or master's business; Accepting Or an agent, employee or servant, who, being authorized to probonus. enre materials, supplies or other articles either by purchase or

contract for his principal, employer or master, or to employ service or labor for his principal, employer or master, receives directly or indirectly, for himself or for another, a commission, discount or bonus from the person who makes such sale or contract, or fur. nishes such materials, supplies or other articles, or from a person who renders such service or labor;

And any person who gives or offers such an agent, employee or servant such commission, discount or bonus,

Shall be punished by a fine of not less than ten dollars nor mere than five hundred dollars, or by such fine and by imprisonment

for not more than one year. Witnesses. SEC. 4575n. No person shall be excused from attending, testify.

ing or producing books, papers, contracts, agreements and docu. ments before any court or in obedience to the subpæna of any court having jurisdiction of the misdemeanor on the ground or for the reason that the testimony or evidence, documentary or otherwise, required of him may tend to criminate him or to subject him to a penalty or forfeiture.

But no person shall be liable to any suit or prosecution, civil or criminal, for or on account of any transaction, matter or thing concerning which he may testify or produce evidence, documentary or otherwise, before said court or in obedience to its subpæna or in any such case or proceeding: Provided, That no person so testify. ing or producing any such books, papers, contracts, agreements or documents shall be exempted from prosecution and punishment for perjury committed in so testifying.

Employment of children-Certain employments forbidden. Obscene and SECTION 4587a. Any person having the care, custody or control immoral

em-of any child under the age of fourteen years who shall exhibit, ployments.

use or employ, or in any manner or under any pretense sell, apprentice, give away, let out or otherwise dispose of such child to any person for any obscene, indecent or immoral purpose, exhibition or practice, or for any business, exhibition or vocation injurious to the health or dangerous to the life or limb of such child, or who shall cause, procure or encourage any such child to engage therein, and any person who shall take, receive, hire, employ, use, exhibit or have in custody any such child for any such purpose shall be punished by imprisonment in the county jail not exceeding six months or by fine of not more than one hundred dollars, or by both imprisonment and fine.

Sunday labor.

on

*

SECTION 4595. Any person who shall keep open his shop, ware- Sunday labor house or workhouse, or shall do any manner of labor, business or

forbidden. work, except only works of necessity and charity, the first day of the week shall be punished by fine not exceeding ten dollars; and such day shall be understood to include the time between the midnight preceding and the midnight following the said day.

Sec. 4596. Any person who conscientiously believes that the Observance of seventh, or any other day, of the week ought to be observed as another day. the Sabbath and who actually refrains from secular business and la bor on that day may perform secular labor and business on the first day of the week unless he shall willfully disturb thereby some other person or some religious asser y on said day.

Violation of the statute is no defense to an action for injuries received on Sunday in consequence of defendant's negligence. 29 Wis. 21,

WYOMING.

CONSTITUTION.

ARTICLE 1.-Rights of labor to be protected.

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SECTION 22. The rights of labor shall have just protection Protective through laws calculated to secure to the laborer proper rewards la ws for his service and to promote the industrial welfare of the State.

passed.

ARTICLE 9.-Mine regulations.

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SECTION 1. There shall be established and maintained the office Office of in. of inspector of mines, the duties and salary of which shall be spector

mines

be prescribed by law. When said office shall be established, the

established. governor shall, with the advice and consent of the senate, appoint thereto a person proven in the manner provided by law to be competent and practical, whose term of office shall be two years.

SEC. 2. The legislature shall provide by law for the proper de Mining to be velopment, ventilation, drainage and operation of all mines in regulated. tbis State.

Sec. 3. No boy under the age of fourteen years and no woman Employment or girl of any age shall be employed or permitted to be in or of women and about any coal, iron or other dangerous mines for the purpose of children. employment therein: Provided, however, This provision shall not affect the employment of a boy or female of suitable age in an office or in the performance of clerical work at such mine or colliery.

SEC. 4. For any injury to person or property caused by willfulRight of acfailure to comply with the provisions of this article, or laws

tion for inju

ries. passed in pursuance hereof, a right of action shall accrue to the party injured, for the damage sustained thereby, and in all cases in this State, whenever the death of a person shall be caused by wrongful act, neglect or default, such as would, if death had not ensued, have entitled the party injured to maintain an action to recover damages in respect thereof, the person who, or the corporation which would bave been liable, if death had not ensued, shall be liable to an action for damages notwithstanding the death of the person injured, and the legislature shall provide by law at its first session for the manner in which the right of action in respect thereto shall be enforced.

Sec. 6. There shall be a State geologist, who shall be appointed state geolo by the governor of the State, with the advice and consent of the gist. senate.

said State geologist shall ex officio perform the duties of inspector of mines until otherwise provided by law.

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