SEC. 6. Each member of said board shall receive a compensation Compensaof fire dollars per day for actual services, which compensation tion. shall be paid out of the moneys in the hands of the treasurer of said board : Provided, That said compensation shall in no event be paid out of the State treasury.

Sec. 7. Nothing in this act shall prohibit any person from serv- Apprentices. ing as an apprentice to said trade under a barber authorized to practice the same under this act: Provided, That in no barber shop in said city of Wilmington shall there be more than one apprentice to one barber authorized under this act to practice said occupation.

An apprentice within the meaning of this act is anyone who has entered into the employment of a qualified barber for a fixed term in order to learn the trade or art of barbering. Every apprentice in the said city of Wilmington in order to avail himself of the provisions of this act must file with the secretary of said board a statement in writing showing the name and place of business of his employer, the date of the commencement of employment with him, and his full name and age, and shall pay into the treasury of said board a fee of fifty (50) cents.

SEC. 8. Said board shall furnish to each person to whom a cer- Form, etc., or tificate of registration is issued a card or insignia good for the certificate. year for which the same is issued, bearing the signatures of its president and secretary, certifying that the holder thereof is entitled to practice the occupation of barber in said city, and the year for which it is issued printed in large figures; and it shall be the duty of the holder of such card or insignia to post the same and any renewal thereof in a conspicuous place in front of his working chair, where it may be readily seen by all persons whom he may serve.

SEC. 9. Said board shall keep a register in which shall be en- Register. tered the names of all persons to whom certificates are issued under this act and said register shall be at all times open to public inspection.

Sec. 10. To shave or trim the beard or cut the hair of any per- Definition. son for hire or reward received by the person performing such service or any other person shall be construed as practicing the occupation of barber within the meaning of this act. SEC. 11. It shall be unlawful for any person to follow the occu

Certificate repation of a barber without the certificate of said board of exam

quired. iners: Provided further, That all persons making application (f)or examination under the provisions of this act shall be allowed to practice the occupation of barbering until the next regular meeting of said board.

Sec. 13. Any person violating the provisions of this act shall be Penalty. guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction thereof before any justice of the peace residing in the said city of Wilmington or by the municipal court of the city of Wilmington shall be fined not less than five nor more than fifty dollars, and any convicted person who shall refuse or neglect to pay such fine may be imprisoned in the county jail until such fine is paid, not exceeding, however, twenty days.

ACTS OF 1903.

CHAPTER 394.—Wages preferred-In insolvency. SECTION 57. Whenever any corporation, formed under the provi- Wages to be sions of this (general corporation] act, shall become insolvent, the paid first. employees doing labor or service of whatever character in the regular employ of such corporation, shall have a lien upon the assets thereof for the amount of the wages due to them, not exceeding two months' wages respectively, which shall be paid prior to any other debt or debts of said corporation ; but the word ployees” shall not be construed to include any of the officers of such corporation.



CHAPTER 394.-Safety appliances on railroads. Air brakes to SECTION 95. No regular or other passenger train on any railroad be provided. constructed under this (general corporation) act shall be run with

out an air brake, or some equally effective appliance for controlling the speed of trains, which may be applied by the engineer to each car composing the train, and which shall at all times be kept in good condition and ready for use at the discretion of the en

gineer. Penalty. Sec. 96. Any corporation failing to comply with or violating or

permitting any of its employees or agents to violate any of the provisions of sections

95 of this act as amended, shall in addition to subjecting itself to any damages that may be caused by such failure or violation be guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof be fined for failure or violation, not less than one hundred dollars nor more than five hundred dollars.


CHAPTER 410.--Hours of labor on public works-City of


Eight hours a SECTION 1. Eight hours shall constitute a legal day's work for all day's work.

classes of employees employed by the municipal corporation of the

city of Wilmington. Contracts. SEC. 2. Each contract to which the municipal corporation of the

city of Wilmington is a party which may involve the employment of laborers, workmen or mechanics shall contain a stipulation that no laborer, workman or mechanic in the employ of the municipal corporation of the city of Wilmington, contractor, subcontractor, or other person doing or contracting to do the whole or a part of the work contemplated by the contract shall be required to work more than eight hours in any one calendar day, except in cases of extraordinary emergency caused by fire, flood or danger to life or

property. Prevailing

SEC. 3. The wages to be paid for a legal day's work as hereinrates of wages. before defined to all classes of such laborers, workmen or mechan.

ics upon all such public work or upon any material to be used upon or in connection therewith shall not be less than the prevailing rate for a day's work in the same trade or occupation in the locality in the State where such public work, on, about or in connection with which such labor is performed in its final or completed form is to be situated, erected or used. Each such contract hereafter made shall contain a stipulation that each such laborer, workman or mechanic employed by such contractor, subcontractor or other person on, about or upon such public work shall receive such wages as hereinbefore provided. Each contract for such public work hereafter made shall contain a provision that the same shall be void and of no effect unless the person or corporation making or performing the same shall comply with the provisions of this act; and no such person or corporation shall be entitled to receive any sum nor shall any officer, agent or employee of the municipal corporation of the city of Wilmington pay the same or authorize its payment from the funds under his charge or control to any such person or corporation for work done upon any contract which in its form or man

ner of performance violates the provisions of this act. lations. Sec. 4. Any office agent or employee of the municipal cor

poration, of the city of Wilmington, having a duty to act in the premises, who violates, evades, or knowingly permits the violation of (or) evasion of any of the provisions of this act, shall be guilty of malfeasance in office and shall be suspended or removed by the authority having the power to appoint or remove such officer, agent or employee, otherwise by the governor. Any citizen of this State may maintain proceedings for the suspension or removal of such officer, agent or employee or may maintain an action for the purpose of securing the cancellation or avoidance of any public contract which by its terms or manner of performance violates this act or for the purpose of preventing any officer,

agent or employee of such municipal corporation from paying or authorizing the payment of any public money for work done thereupon.

SEC. 5. This act shall not apply to the policemen, park guards, Exceptions. watchmen, or special officers of any kind.

ACTS OF 1905.

CHAPTER 123.- Employment of children. SECTION 1. From and after the first day of July one thousand Age limit. nine hundred and five, no child or minor under the age of fourteen years shall be employed in any factory, workshop or establishment where tbe manufacture of any goods whatever is carried on.

SEC. 2. From and after the first day of July one thousand rline School athundred and fire no child between the ages of fourteen and six- tendance. teen years shall be employed in any factory, workshop or establishment where the manufacture of any kind of goods whatever is carried on, unless such child shall have attended, within twelve months immediately preceding such employment some publie, day or night school, or some well recognized school; such attendance to be for five days or evenings every week during a period of at least twelve consecutive weeks which may be divided into two terms of sis consecutive weeks, so far as the arrangement of school terms will permit, and unless such child, or his parents or guardians, shall have presented to the manufacturer or other employer seeking to employ such child a certificate giving the names of parents or guardian, the name and number of the school attended, and the number of weeks in attendance such certificate to be signed by the teacher or teachers of such child: Provided, That in case the age of the child be not known, such teacher shall certify that the age given is the true age, to the best of his or her knowledge or belief.

Sec. 3. No child or children under the age of sixteen years shall Hours of labe employed in any factory, workshop or establishment where the bor. manufacture of any kind of goods is carried on for a longer period than nine hours a day or fifty-four hours a week : And further provided, That every such child so employed shall be entitled to not less than thirty minutes for mealtime at noon, and every employer shall post in a conspicuous place, where such minor children are employed a printed notice, stating that the maximum work hours required in any one week shall not exceed fifty-four hours. The governor shall immediately after the passage of this bill, appoint by and with the advice and consent of the senate some suitable person, who shall be a resident and citizen of this State, who shall be designated and known by the official title of * Factory and Workshop Inspector," and who shall receive a salary of one thousand dollars per year, payable in equal quarterly installments of two hundred and fifty dollars, and who shall hold office for the term of two years; the said inspector shall be empowered to visit and inspect at all reasonable hours and as often as practicable all factories, workshop's (workshops] and other establishments in this State, where the manufacture or sale of any kind of goods is carried on, and it shall be the duty of the said inspector to enforce the provisions of this act and to prosecute all violations of the same as hereinafter provided, and he shall have the power to demand a certificate of physical fitness from some regularly licensed physician of the State or county in which such establishment is located in the case of a child under sixteen years of age, who may seem physically unable to perform the labor at which such child may be employed, and the said inspector shall have power to prohibit the employment of any such child under the age of sixteen years, who shall be unable to obtain such certificate.

SEC. 4. It shall be the duty of every person or corporation em- Register. ploying a child or children under the provisions of this act to keep

a register, in which shall be recorded the name, age, day of birth and place of residence of every child under the age of sixteen years so employed by such person or corporation, and it shall be unlawful for any person or corporation to employ any minor under the age of sixteen years unless there is furnished to said person or corporation a sworn statement made by the parent or guardian of such minor, stating the name, date and place of birth of such

minor. Penalty. SEC. 5. Every person, or the officer or officers of any corporation

violating the provisions of this act shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction thereof shall be fined a sum not less than fifty dollars nor more than one hundred dollars for each and

every such offense. Enforcement. Sec. 6. It shall be the duty of such factory or workshop inspector

appointed under the provisions of this act to inspect the sanitary conditions of any factory workshop or other establishment wherein minors are employed in accordance with the provisions of this act and to make report in writing of his findings to the governor, to the board of health of the city of Wilmington and the State board of health quarterly, or more frequently if he shall

deem it necessary. Canner les, Sec. 7. The provisions of this act shall not apply to any person

or corporation engaged in the canning or preserving of fruits, veg. etables or provisions or in the carrying on of any agricultural business“ or to any person or persons, firm or corporation, en

gaged in the manufacture of fruit and berry baskets." Widow's

SEC. 8. In every case where it shall appear to the satisfaction of child.

the inspector appointed under the provisions of this act, that any child or children under the age of sixteen years is a means of support and maintenance of a widowed mother that in every such case, the inspector may in his discretion issue a certificate to such child or children authorizing their employment, any provisions of this act to the contrary notwithstanding.


ACTS OF 1907.

CHAPTER 116.Board of immigration-Contract laborers. Duties of SECTION 3. The duties of said [immigration] commissioners board.

shall be:

First. To contract with and appoint an agent or agents in Europe and elsewhere and subject to the methods as their judgment may direct, invite and encourage immigration to this State. Also to contract, in the name of the State, with laborers in foreign countries for the purpose of bringing said laborers to this State for agricultural purposes.


ACTS OF U. S. CONGRESS, 1898-99.

CHAPTER 429.-TITLE 1.-Sunday labor.

Sunday labor, SECTIO 141 If any person shall keep open any store, shop, etc., forbidden. grocery, ball alley, billiard room, or tippling house, for purpose of

labor or traffic, or any place of amusement, on the first day of the week, commonly called Sunday or the Lord's Day, such person,

upon conviction thereof, shall be punished by a fine not less Exceptions. than five nor more than fifty dollars: Provided, That the above

provision shall not apply to the keepers of drug stores, doctor shops, undertakers, livery-stable keepers, barbers, butchers, and bakers, and all circumstances of necessity and mercy may be pleaded in defense, which shall be treated as questions of fact for the jury to determine, when the offense is tried by jury.

CHAPTER 429.-TITLE 2.—Employment of females and minors in


SECTION 478. No licensee under a barroom license shall employ, Employment or permit to be employed, or allow any female or minor or person in barrooms

forbidden. convicted of crime, to sell, give, furnish, or distribute any intoxicating drinks or any admixture thereof, ale, wine, or beer to any person or persons.

ACTS OF U. S. CONGRESS, 1899–1900.

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CHAPTER 786.-TITLE 2.-Exemption of wages from execution.

The following property shall be exempt Sixty days' from execution if selected and reserved by the judgment debtor earnings,

empt, when. or his agent at the time of the levy, or as soon thereafter before sa le thereof as the same shall be known to him, and not otherwise :

First. The earnings of the judgment debtor, for his personal services rendered at any time within sixty days next preceding the levy of execution or attachment, when it appears by the debtor's affidavit or otherwise that such earnings are necessary for the use of his family supported in whole or in part by his labor;

CHAPTER 786.-TITLE 2.-Wages preferredIn administration.


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SECTION 872. The charges and claims against the estate Order of payshall be paid in the following order,

: First, ment of de. funeral charges; second, taxes of whatever nature due the United

mands. States; third, expenses of last sickness; fourth, all other taxes of whatever nature; fifth, debts preferred by the laws of the United States; sixth, debts which at the death of the deceased were a lien upon his property or any right or interest therein according to the priority of their several liens; seventh, debts due employee[s] of decedent for wages earned within the ninety days immediately preceding the death of the decedent; eighth, all other claims against the estate.


CHAPTER 641.Exclusion of Chinese laborers.

[See under United States, Acts of 1901-2, post. )


CHAPTER 3299.-Alien laborers in fisheries.

Aliens not to fish.

SECTION 1. It shall be unlawful for any person not a citizen of the United States, or who has declared his intention to become a citizen of the United States, and is not a bona fide resident therein, or for any company, corporation, or association not organized or authorized to transact business under the laws of the United States or under the laws of any State, Territory, or District thereof, or for any person not a native of Alaska, to catch or kill, or attempt to catch or kill, except with rod, spear, or gaff, any fish of any kind or species whatsoever in any of the waters of Alaska under the jurisdiction of the United States :

And provided further, That nothing contained in this Act shall prevent any person, firm, corporation, or association lawfully entitled to fish in the waters of Alaska from employing as laborers any aliens who can now be lawfully employed under the existing laws of the United States, either at stated wages or by piecework, or both, in connection with Alaskan fisheries, or with the canning, salting or otherwise preserving of fish,



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