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statement of the facts constituting the complaint, and a hearing shall be had before the said Commissioners within one week from the date of the filing of the complaint, and no adjournment shall be taken for a period longer than one week. A daily calendar of all hearings shall be kept by the said Commissioners and shall be posted in a conspicuous place in their public office for at least one day before the date of such hearings. The said Commissioners shall render their decision within eight days from the time the matter is finally submitted to them. Said Commissioners of the District of Columbia shall keep a record of all such complaints and hearings. The said Commissioners may refuse to issue and shall revoke any license for any good cause shown, within the meaning and purpose of this act, and when it is shown to their satisfaction that any licensed person, either before or after conviction, is guilty of any illegal act in connection with the conduct of said business or in violation of this law it shall be the duty of the said Commissioners to revoke the license of such person; but notice of the charges shall beʻpresented and reasonable opportunity shall be given said licensed person to be heard in his defense. Whenever for any cause such license is revoked, said Commissioners shall not issue another license to said licensed person until the expiration of at least six months from the date of revocation of such license. Every violation of any provision of this act, except as provided in section ten, shall be punishable by a fine not to exceed twenty-five dollars, and in default thereof the person or persons so offending shall be committed for a period not to exceed thirty days, and this penalty shall also include such violations of section ten for which no penalty is prescribed in said section ten. The said Commisioners shall cause the corporation counsel to institute criminal proceedings for the enforcement of this act before any court of competent jurisdiction.
ACTS OF 1907-8.
CHAPTER 198.-żeave of absence for per diem employees-Labor
day. Who may SECTION 6. All per diem employees and other day laborers of the have leave. District of Columbia who have been continuously employed for
five working days next preceding the first Monday of September in each year (commonly called Labor Day), and whose employment continues through and beyond said day, may, in the discretion of the Commissioners of the District of Columbia, be granted leave of absence with pay for said day.
CHAPTER 209.—Employment of children—General provisions.
Age limit. SECTION 1. No child under fourteen years of age shall be em
ployed or permitted to work in the District of Columbia in any factory, workshop, mercantile establishment, store, business office, telegraph or telephone office, restaurant, hotel, apartment house,
club, theater, bowling alley, laundry, bootblack stand, or in the Employment distribution or transmission of merchandise or messages. No sucb during school time.
child shall be employed in any work performed for wages or other compensation, to whomsoever payable, during the hours when the public schools of the District of Columbia are in session, nor be
fore the hour of six o'clock in the morning or after the hour of Night work. seven o'clock in the evening: Provided, That the provisions of
this section shall not apply to children employed in the service of Permits the Senate: And provided further, That the judge of the juvenile when.
court of said District may, upon the application of the parent, guardian, or next friend of said child, issue a permit for the employment of any child between the ages of twelve and fourteen years at any occupation or employment not in his judgment dangerous or injurious to the health or morals of such child, upon evidence satisfactory to him that the labor of such child is necessary for its support, or for the assistance of a disabled, ill, or invalid father or mother, or for the support in whole or in part of a younger brother or sister or a widowed mother. Such permits shall be issued for a definite time, but they shall be revocable at the discretion of the judge by whom they are issued or by his successor in office. Hearings for granting and revoking permits shall be held upon such notice and under such rules and regulations as the judge of said court shall prescribe. or offer for sale any newspapers, magazines, periodicals, or goods, wares, or merchandise of any description whatsoever, upon the streets, roads, or highways, or in any public place within the District of Columbia.
SEC. 2. No child under sixteen years of age shall be employed Age and or permitted to work in the District of Columbia in any of the
tificate, establishments named in section one, unless the person or corporation employing him procures and keeps on file and accessible to the inspectors authorized by this act and the truant officers of the District of Columbia an age and schooling certificate, and keeps two complete lists of all such children employed therein, one on file and one conspicuously posted near the principal entrance of the building in which such children are employed.
Sec. 3. An age and schooling certificate shall be approved only Approval. by the superintendent of public schools, or by a person authorized by him in writing, who shall have authority to administer the oath provided for therein, but no fee shall be charged therefor.
SEC. 4. No age and schooling certificate shall be approved unless Evidence. satisfactory evidence is furnished by duly attested transcript of the certificate of birth or baptism of such child, or other religious record, or the register of birth or the affidavit of the parent or guardian or custodian of a child, which affidavit shall be required, however, only in case such last-mentioned transcript of the certificate of birth be not procured and filed, showing the place and date of birth of such child, which affidavit must be taken before the officer issuing the employment certificate, who is hereby authorized and required to administer such oath, and who shall not demand or receive a fee therefor.
Sec. 5. The age and schooling certificate of a child under six- Form. teen years of age shall be in the following form:
AGE AND SCHOOLING CERTIFICATE.
This certifies that I am the (father, mother, guardian, or custodian) of (name of child)
and that (he or she) was born at (name of town or city)
in the county (name of county, if known) and State (or country)
on the (day and year of birth) and is now (number of years and months)
old. Signature of (father, mother, guardian, or custodian). (Date.)
There personally appeared before me the above-named (name of person signing)
and made oath that the foregoing certificate by (him or her) signed is true to the best of (his or her) knowledge and belief. I hereby approve the foregoing certificate of (name of child)
; complexion (fair or dark), -; hair (color),
having no sufficient reason to doubt that (he or she) is of the age therein certified, I hereby certify that (he or she) can read at sight and can write legibly simple sentences in the English language, and that (he or she) has reached the normal development of a child of (his or her) age, and is in sound health and is physically able to perform the work which (he or she) intends to do, and that (he or she) has regularly attended the public schools, or a school equivalent thereto, for not less than one hundred and thirty days during the school year previous to applying for such school record, or during the year previous to applying for such school record, and has received during such period instruction in reading, spelling, writing, and arithmetic.
This certificate belongs to (name of child in whose hehalf it is drawn)
and is to be surrendered to (him or her) whenever (he or she) leaves the service of the corporation or employer holding the same, but if not claimed by said child within
thirty days from such time it shall be returned to the superin-
(Signature of person authorized to approve and sign, with offi-
A duplicate of each age and schooling certificate shall be filled out and kept on file by the superintendent of public schools. Any explanatory matter may be printed with such certificate, in the discretion of said superintendent: Provided, That in exceptional cases the judge of the juvenile court, upon the recommendation of the superintendent of public schools, or the person authorized to act for him, may, in writing, waive the necessity of the schooling certificate provided for in this act, and in such cases the age certificate shall entitle the holder to be employed without a violation
of this act.
ployed in violation of sections one, two, eight, or nine of this act
not more than fifty dollars.
cers of the District of Columbia shall visit the establishments
be produced for their inspection.
permitted, or suffered to work in any of the establishments named Night work. in section one more than eight hours in any one day, or before the
hour of six o'clock antemeridian, or after the hour of seven o'clock
forty-eight in a week.
every room where such persons are employed a printed notice,
violation of this section.
hereby authorized to appoint two inspectors to carry out the pur-
two hundred dollars each per annum.
of age shall exercise the trade of boot blacking, or sell or expose
SEC. 12. From and after July first, nineteen hundred and eight, Permits and no male child under sixteen years shall exercise the trade of boot badges. blacking or sell or expose or offer for sale any newspapers, magazines, periodicals or goods, ware or merchandise of any description whatsoever upon the streets, roads, or highways, or in any public place within the District of Columbia unless a permit and badge as hereinafter provided shall have been issued to him by the superintendent of public schools of the District of Columbia, or by a person authorized by him in writing for that purpose upon the application of the parent, guardian, or other person having the custody of the child desiring such a permit and badge, or in case said child has no parent, guardian, or custodian, then on the application of his next friend, being an adult.
Sec. 13. Such permit and badge shall be issued free of charge to Issue. the applicant, but shall not be issued until an age and schooling certificate shall have been issued as provided in this act.
Sec. 14. Such permit shall state the date and place of birth of Contents, etc. the child, the name and address of its parent, guardian, custodian, or next friend, as the case may be, and describe the color of hair and eyes, the height and weight, and any distinguishing facial mark of such child, and shall further state that the age and schooling certificate has been duly examined and filed, and that the child named in such permit has appeared before the officer issuing the permit. The badge furnished by the officer issuing the permit shall bear on its face a number corresponding to the number of the permit and the name of the child. Every such permit, and every such badge on its reverse side, shall be signed in the presence of the officer issuing the same by the child in whose name it is issued. The badge provided for herein shall be worn conspicuously at all times by such child while so working, and all such permits and badges shall expire annually on the first day of January. The color of the badge shall be changed each year. No child to whom such permit and badge are issued shall transfer the same to any other person, nor be engaged in the District of Columbia in any of the trades or occupations mentioned in this section without having conspicuously upon his person such badge, and he shall exhibit the same upon demand to any police or truant officer or to the inspectors in this act provided for.
SEC. 15. No child to whom a permit and badge are issued as Sale at night. provided for in the preceding sections shall sell or expose or offer for sale any newspapers, magazines, or periodicals or goods, wares, or merchandise of any description whatever after ten o'clock in the evening or before six o'clock in the morning.
Sec. 16. Nothing in this act contained shall apply to the employ- Theatrical exment of any child in a theatrical exhibition, provided the written hibitions. consent of one of the Commissioners of the District of Columbia is first obtained. Such consent shall specify the name of the child, its age, the names and residence of its parents or guardians, together with the place and character of the exhibition.
Sec. 17. The juvenile court of the District of Columbia is hereby Jurisdiction. giren jurisdiction in all cases arising under this act.
SECTION 476. All persons, whether acting as individuals or as emigrant agents or the employer or employee of such agents, who shall seek to influence and by such persuasion cause the removal of any inhabitant from this State, or who shall seek to entice
away from this State labor in this State by any representation whatever, shall be subject to a license tax of five hundred dollars in each county where such business is carried on.
Shipping SECTION 1287. There shall be created in and for the several masters to be ports of this State, one or more shipping masters, to be appointed appointed.
by the mayor with the consent of the common council of each city or incorporated town in this State, whose business it shall be to provide and ship crews for vessels and seamen, in accordance with the laws of the United States, whenever required to do so, by
proper authority, representing the vessels or owners. Bonds re- SEC. 1288. Before obtaining the license hereinafter provided for, quired.
said shipping master shall execute a bond, with two good and sufficient sureties, to be approved by the mayor, in the sum of $2,000, payable to the mayor and his successors in office, conditioned for the honest and faithful transaction of all business appertaining to his office and occupation; and if any shipping master, or any other person by his consent, procurement, advice or connivance, shall be found guilty of harboring, concealing or enticing away any marine or seaman from a vessel, or encouraging any marine or sea man to mutiny or disobey lawful orders, he or they shall, in addition to the punishment provided by law for every such offense under this chapter, forfeit for the use of the port or town for which he is appointed, not less than one hundred nor more than one thousand dollars; the cause to be tried in the
proper court on complaint of the mayor or party aggrieved. Regulations SEC. 1289. The mayor and council may grant license in conto be prescribed.
formity to this chapter, under such rules and regulations as they may prescribe, and such ordinances and orders as in their judgment may be most conducive to the interests of their port, and for the government of the shipping and for the welfare and protection of the marine and seamen, subject to the laws of the United States, and for the direction and government of said shipping masters as they may deem proper; and the same at any time may amend or revoke, and may impose fines for the violation of such rules, ordinances, orders and regulations, provided such fines so imposed by city or town authority under this chapter shall not exceed $50 for each offense in violating said rules, orders and regulations or ordinances.
Eremption of wages from attachment.
SECTION 2530. No writ of attachment or garnishment or other head of family exempt.
process shall issue from any of the courts of this State to attach or delay the payment of any money or other thing due to any person who is the head of a family residing in this State, when the money or other thing is due for the personal labor or services of such person.
Hours of labor.
Ten hours a SECTION 2641. Ten hours of labor shall be a legal day's work, day's work.
and whenever any person employed to perform manual labor of any kind by the day, week, month or year renders so many hours of labor, he shall be considered as having performed a legal day's work, unless a written contract has been signed by the person so employed and the employer, requiring a less or greater number of
hours of labor to be performed daily. Extra pay. SEC. 2642. Unless such written contract has been made, the per
son employed shall be entitled to extra pay for all work performed by the requirement of his employer in excess of ten hours' labor daily.
Hours of labor-Railroad employees.
Limit of thir- SECTION 2843. It shall be unlawful for any railroad doing busiteen hours. ness in this State to require or permit its employees who are en