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Violations.

laundries may deliver and collect laundry or washing, and that barber shops may be kept open until 11 o'clock in the forenoon.

Sec. 3192. Any person violating any of the provisions of sections 3190,

shall, on conviction, be fined not over fifty dollars or be imprisoned not over thirty days.

REVISED LAWS-1905-APPENDIX.

Labor commission.

(Page 1308.)

Duties.

Labor com- SECTION 2146 (as amended by chapter 339, Acts of U. S. Conmission.

gress, 1899–1900). The governor of the Territory is hereby authorized and directed to appoint a commission of three persons, who shall be known as the “Labor Commission,” and all of whom shall serve without pay. One of the commissioners shall be designated by the governor to be chairmaa of the commission, and shall have power to administer oaths. Members of the commission may be removed at any time by the governor.

SEC. 2148 (as amended by chapter 339, Acts of U. S. Congress, 1899–1900). It shall be the duty of the said commission to make a full and careful inquiry and investigation into the following matters, so far as the same shall not have been done by the labor commission provided for in Act IV of the executive and advisory councils of the Republic, and to report from time to time to the legislature, if the same shall be in session, or to the executive council if the legislature shall have adjourned :

1. The number and nationality and residence of all agricultural laborers now employed in the Territory, showing the number engaged in each particular branch of agriculture.

2. The rate of wages paid to the different nationalities of such laborers in the different portions of the Territory.

3. The number, nationality and residence of all mechanics now employed in the Territory.

4. The rate of wages paid to the different nationalities of such mechanics in the different portions of the Territory.

5. The prices received by Hawaiian sugar planters for raw sugar.

6. The cost of producing sugar, showing, so far as practicable, the cost of each stage and process, and showing more particularly the proportionate cost of unskilled labor.

7. Whether or not an increased number of agricultural and other unskilled laborers will be needed in the near future, and if so, in connection with what industries and how many laborers will probably be required.

8. The trials which have been given to cooperative production, or profit sharing, in the production of sugar, rice or other agricultural products in this country, giving, so far as practicable, the details of the several agreements and methods adopted, and the results thereof.

9. Whether or not a system of cooperative production or profit sharing is feasible in connection with the main agricultural industries of the country; and if so, upon what lines.

10. Whether or not such a system of production has ever been adopted in any other country situated similarly to Hawaii, and in the production of similar products to those produced here; and if so, what the results were.

11. Whether or not there is anything in the climatic or other conditions in this country which render it physically impossible for Europeans and Americans to successfully engage in field labor in this country.

12. If Europeans and Americans are found capable of personal field labor, whether or not it is feasible to secure the immigration of a sufficient number of Europeans or Americans to supply the present and probable requirements for unskilled labor. If so, upon what terms and by what means, and from what countries.

13. What the effect of Chinese immigration has been in this country.

14. What the effect of restriction of such immigration has been.

15. Whether or not it is necessary or advisable to allow the further immigration of Chinese. If so, upon what conditions.

16. What the effect of Japanese immigration has been in this country.

17. Whether or not it is necessary or advisable to allow the further immigration of Japanese. If so, upon what conditions.

18. What the condition of field labor and of mechanics is and during the last few years has been in this country, as compared with other countries.

19. What rate of wages is paid in other countries to skilled and mechanical labor in the production of products similar to those raised here.

20. In what manner and to what extent men introduced as contract laborers have competed with the mechanical or business interests of the country.

21. Any other matters of a kindred character which will throw light upon the subject and tend to solve the problems incidental to the labor question in this country.

SEC. 2149. It shall be the duty of all government officers, oflicers Information of corporations, and other persons, to furnish to such commission, to be furnished. upon its request, all information within their knowledge bearing upon the subject-matter of this act; and power is hereby conferred upon such commission, or a majority of its members, to issue subpænas to witnesses to appear and testify before such commission, and to produce papers before it, in the same manner as subpenas are issued by the supreme court. Disobedience or refusal to answer questions asked pursuant to any subpoena issued by such commission may be punished by any justice of the supreme court, on a certification to him by the commission or a majority of its members, of the fact of such disobedience; the punishment to be the same as that for disobedience of a subpæna of the supreme court.

SEC. 2150. The said commission is hereby authorized to employ Employment a secretary or such other clerical assistance as may be necessary of assistance. in collecting and arranging the above information; also a stenographer and typewriter when required, and to fix the compensation of the same, subject to the approval of the minister of the interior; also to incur the necessary incidental expenses connected with the performance of the work of the commission, including traveling expenses of the members of the commission, and of witnesses summoned by them: Provided, houcrer, That no expense shall be incurred for traveling beyond the limits of this Territory.

SEC. 2151. For the purposes of defraying the expenses of such Expenses. commission there is hereby authorized to be drawn from the public treasury any balance that may remain unexpended from the amount appropriated for the expenses of the labor commission in Act IV of the executive and advisory councils of the Republic, after paying the expenses incurred by the said commission up to the time of the appointment of the commission provided for in this act. The money herein appropriated shall be drawn from the treasury in such manner and under such regulations as shall be prescribed by the executive council.

Sec. 2152. As soon as practicable after the appointment of the Duty of precommission provided for in this act, the commission provided for vious

sion, in Act IV of the executive and advisory councils of the Republic shall transfer thereto all books, papers, records and public property of every kind that may be in its possession or under its control, and shall thereupon cease to'exist.

[The offices, whose incumbents formed the "executive council ” were abolished by chapter 339, Acts of Congress of 1899–1900. This includes the office of “minister of the interior," whose duties in connection with the above commission (section 2150) are not assigned. ]

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ACTS OF 1905.

Act No. 46.-Examination and licensing of horseshoers.

re

License

SECTION 1. No person shall engage in the business of a horse quired.

shoer or a farrier for hire without first having a license so to do

as provided herein. Application. SEC. 2. Any person who may wish to obtain a horseshoer's and

farrier's license shall make a written application therefor to the treasurer wherein shall be stated the residence of the applicant, his age, the length of time and the place where the applicant has carried on his trade and the place where he intends to carry on his trade.

Before such application is granted the high sheriff or any sheriff of the Territory shall examine the applicant to determine whether he is a suitable person to carry on the trade of a horseshoer and farrier for hire, and on it being shown to the said high sheriff or sheriff that such applicant is a suitable person to engage in such trade, the fact shall be attested on said application by the

examining high sheriff or sheriff. Fee.

SEC. 3. The license fee of farriers shall be five dollars per

annum and payable to the treasurer. Violation, Sec. 4. Whoever shall violate the provisions of this act shall

be guilty of a misdemeanor and, on conviction, be fined not more than fifty dollars.

Act No. 57.-Emigrant agents.

Fee.

License.

Violation.

SECTION 1. The annual fee for a license for each emigrant agent, or employer or employee of such agent, doing business in this Territory, shall be five hundred dollars.

SEC. 2. The said license shall be issued in the same manner as is provided for the issuance of other licenses by chapter 102 of the Revised Laws of Hawaii, 1905.

SEC. 3. Any person who shall engage in business as an emigrant agent without first obtaining a license, issued in conformity with the provisions hereof, and of said chapter 102, or who shall violate or fail to observe any of the provisions hereof, or of said chapter, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction shall be fined in a sum not less than the annual fee, and not more than twice the annual fee herein provided for the carrying on of such business.

SEC. 4. The emigrant agent, as used in this act, shall be held to mean a person engaged in hiring laborers in the Territory of Hawaii to be employed beyond the limits of the Territory, or engaged in inducing laborers in the Territory of Hawaii to go beyond the limits of the Territory of Hawaii for the purpose of being employed.

Definition,

ACTS OF 1907.

wages.

Act No. 98.—Rates of wages of employees on public works. Rates of SECTION 1. From and after the passage of this act, the daily

pay for each working day of each laborer engaged in constructing or repairing roads, bridges or streets, waterworks or other works either by contract or otherwise, for the Territory of Hawaii

, or for any political subdivision thereof, shall not be less than one dollar and twenty-five cents.

Act No. 113.-Actions for personal injuries-Limitations. Limitation of SECTION 1. Actions for the recovery of compensation for damage

or injury to persons or property must be instituted within one year next after the cause of action accrued, and not after: Provided, That actions, on such causes, which accrued prior to the

one year.

approval of this act, if otherwise barred hereby, may be brought
within one year after such approval and not later.
Act No. 119.Employment of minors in saloonsSale of liquor to

employees. .

SECTION 30. Licenses shall be subject to the following conditions Conditions of and provisions :

license.

*

(4) That no holder of a license for a saloon business shall em- Minors not to ploy any minor in or about the room or place where intoxicating be employed. liquors are furnished or sold; (5) That no intoxicating liquor shall be sold or furnished to Sale to emany person whose

employer shall have given ployees. notice as hereinafter provided, forbidding the sale of such liquor to such person;

SEC. 63. A husband, wife, child, parent, guardian, employer or Employer other person, or the legal representative of such person, who is may sue, when. injured in person, property or means of support by an intoxicated person who shall have been twice convicted of drunkenness or in consequence of the intoxication of such person so convicted, may bring either a joint action against the person intoxicated, and the person or persons who furnished the liquor and thereby in whole or in part caused such intoxication, or a separate action against either or any of them. SEC. 64. Any

employer or [of] any person who by May give noexcessive use of intoxicating liquor injures his or her health, or tice. endangers or interrupts the peace and happiness of his or her family, or becomes a public nuisance, may give written notice to any licensee not to sell or furnish any intoxicating liquor to such person, and thereafter any licensee who sells, gives or in any manner furnishes any intoxicating liquor to such person shall be held liable in damage to such complainant upon suit brought in manner as mentioned in the last preceding section.

IDAHO.

CONSTITUTION.

ARTICLE 13.-Bureau of immigration, labor and statistics.

SECTION 1. There shall be established a bureau of immigration, Bureau of imlabor and statistics, which shall be under the charge of a com- migration, etc. missioner of immigration, labor and statistics, who shall be appointed by the governor, by and with the consent of the senate. Duties of The commissioner shall hold his office for two years, and until his commissioner. successor shall have been appointed and qualified, unless sooner removed. The commissioner shall collect information upon the subject of labor, its relation to capital, the hours of labor and the earnings of laboring men and women, and the means of promoting their material, social, intellectual and moral prosperity. The commissioner shall annually make a report in writing to the governor of the State of the information collected and collated by him, and containing such recommendations as he may deem calculated to promote the efficiency of the bureau.

SEC. 8. The commissioner of immigration, labor and statistics Same subject. shall perform such duties and receive such compensation as may be prescribed by law.

ARTICLE 13.Hours of labor on public works.

SECTION 2. Not more than eight (8) hours' actual work shall Eight hours a constitute a lawful day's work on all State and municipal work.

day's work.

ARTICLE 13.-Employment of children in underground mines.

Age limit.

SECTION 4. The employment of children under the age of fourteen (14) years in underground mines is prohibited.

ARTICLE 13.-Employment of aliens on public works.

Aliens not to SECTION 5. No person, not a citizen of the United States, or who be employed.

has not declared his intention to become such, shall be employed upon, or in connection with, any State or municipal works.

ARTICLE 13.-Boards of arbitration.

Boards of ar- SECTION 7. The legislature may establish boards of arbitration, bitration.

whose duty it shall be to hear and determine all differences and controversies between laborers and their employers which may be submitted to them in writing by all the parties. Such boards of arbitration shall possess all the powers and authority, in respect to administering oaths, subpana ing witnesses, and compelling theis attendance, preserving order during the sittings of the board, punishing for contempt, and requiring the production of papers and writings, and all other powers and privileges, in their nature applicable, conferred by law on justices of the peace.

CODES~1901.

PART 1.-POLITICAL CODE.

Mine regulationsInspector of mines.

Inspector of SECTION 139. The office of inspector of mines for the State of mines.

Idaho is hereby created. Bond.

SEC, 141. He shall hold his office for the term of two years, and until his successor is elected and qualified. Before entering upon the discharge of his duties as inspector of mines he shall file an official bond in the sum of five thousand dollars, conditioned for the faithful performance of the duties of his office, in form and

manner as are other official bonds of State officers. Not to be in. Sec. 142. The inspector of mines shall not at the time of his terested in election or at any time during his term of office, be an officer, mines, etc.

director, or employee in or of any mining corporation in this State, or in, or of any milling corporation in the State engaged in the business of smelting or reducing ores and such inspector shall devote his whole time to the duties of his office and shall take and subscribe to the following oath:

State of Idaho, _.}ss.

Oath.

of

County of
I,

County do solemnly swear that I will perform each and every duty required of me as inspector of mines for the State of Idaho; that I will at all times while acting in my official capacity fulfill the duties of such office according to law and to the best of my skill and understanding, that I will never at any time while holding the office of inspector of mines disclose to anyone, directly or indirectly, under any circumstances, any information relative to ore bodies, chutes, or deposits of ore, or the location, course or character, of underground workings, or give my opinion, founded on any examination made in the performance of my official duties, relative to the value of any mine or mining property, unless by permission of the person or persons in charge of the same, to all of which I pledge my sacred honor. So help me God.

Nething in said oath, however, shall be construed to prevent such mining inspector from making full and complete statistical reports as required by law.

SEC. 143. It shall be the duty of the inspector of mines, at least once each year, to visit in person each mining county in the State of Idaho and examine all such mines therein as, in his judgment,

Duties.

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