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the State of Maryland, and within ten days after receiving such certificate shall take, subscribe and file in the office of the secre

tary of state the constitutional oath of office, Compensa.

Sec. 3. Each member of such board shall receive as compensation.

tion the sum of five dollars for each day necessarily and actually engaged in the performance of his duty as a member of said board, and three cents for each mile necessary and actually traveled by him in attending the meetings of said board, which sum or sums shall be paid out of any moneys in the hands of the treasurer of

said board. Meetings, SEC. 4. The first meeting of said board shall be held within etc.

thirty days after their appointment as aforesaid at a time and place to be fixed by a majority thereof, who shall give suitable notice thereof to all the members of said board. At such meeting the board may adopt a common seal, and shall elect from its members a president, a secretary and treasurer. The treasurer shall receive all fees paid for licenses or certificates, and shall keep a record thereof and of all disbursements of said board in a book to be kept for that purpose. The treasurer shall not pay out or disburse any of the moneys received by him except upon the order of the board. Before entering upon the performance of his duties, the treasurer shall file with the State comptroller a bond, with sufficient sureties, to the people of the State of Maryland, in the penal sum of five thousand dollars, to be approved by the State comptroller, conditioned that he will well and truly pay over all moneys received by him, according to law and in compliance with the provisions of this act, and that he will otherwise faithfully

discharge the duties of his office. Powers of Sec. 5. The board of examiners shall have power to appoint board.

subboards of examiners in such cities and villages of this State as they in their judgment shall deem necessary, said subboards shall each consist of one master barber and one journeyman barber, and shall possess the same qualifications, receive the same compensation, and have the same power as the said board of examiners of the State of Maryland, while conducting the examinations hereinafter provided for; said subboards shall be subject at all times to the jurisdiction and control of the “board of barber examiners of the State of Maryland," and shall serve during the pleasure of said State board. The subboards shall report the result of their examinations without delay to the State board of examiners, and the latter shall issue certificates of qualification

to the persons who have qualified in said examinations. Certificates Sec. 6. No person shall hereafter practice the occupation of a required. barber in this State unless such person shall have first received

a certificate of qualification from the board of examiners provided for in section 1 of this act for the purpose of examining applicants for certificates of qualification as barbers. The said board of examiners shall appoint the time and places for holding examinations. Such appointment shall be made with due regard to the convenience of the applicants and the public service. Said board of examiners shall prescribe the mode and manner of conducting such examinations, said State board to conduct examinations, or said board may designate a subboard to conduct such examinations. Said board of examiners is authorized to incur all expense necessary to carry out, in a prompt and efficient manner, the provisions of this act, and to pay the same out of any money in the hands of the treasurer of said board; except, however, said board of examiners shall not incur any expense or ob

ligation for which the State of Maryland shall be liable. Application. Sec. 7. Each person filing his application for examination shall

pay to the treasurer of the said board of examiners the sum of five dollars, which sum shall be returned in case said applicant shall fail to pass said examination. Such payment shall constitute a part of the fund to pay the compensation and expenses of said board. The board shall keep a list of the names and places of business of all persons to whom certificates of qualifications are granted under the provisions of this act in a book provided for that purpose, with the names arranged in alphabetical order, and said book shall at all times be open to public inspection.

Sec. 8. Every person now engaged in the business of a barber Amidavits to in this State shall, within three months after the passage of this be filed. act, file an affidavit with the secretary of said board setting forth his name, place of business, post-office address, the length of time he has been engaged in the business of a barber, and pay to the treasurer the sum of one dollar for the certificate provided for in this act.

SEC. 9. Said board shall furnish to each person to whom a cer- Cards to be tificate of registration is issued, a card or insignia bearing the furnished. seal of the board and the signatures of its president and secretary, certifying that the holder thereof is entitled to practice the occupation of a barber in this State; and it shall be the duty of the holder of such card or insignia to post the same in a conspicuous place in the shop where he is working, where it may be readily seen by all persons whom he may serve.

SEC. 10. Said board of examiners shall have power to revoke Revocation any certificate of registration granted [by] it under this act for of certificate. (a) conviction of felony, (b) habitual drunkenness of six months immediately preceding a charge duly made, (c) gross incompetence, or (d) the use of unclean towels, cups, or any other unclean utensils used by barbers which are liable to spread contagious or infectious diseases: Provided, That before any certificate sball be so revoked the holder thereof shall have notice in writing of the charge or charges against him, and shall, at a day and place specified in said notice, at least ten days after the service thereof, be given a public hearing and full opportunity to produce testimony in his behalf or to confront the witnesses against him. Any person whose certificate has been so revoked may, after the expiration of three months, apply to have the same regranted, and the same shall be regranted to him upon a satisfactory showing that the disqualification has ceased.

Sec. 11. The board shall cause to be made and filed with the Report3, State comptroller, on or before the first day of December of each year, a report showing the receipts and disbursements of sa id board and the balance in the hands of the treasurer of said board, together with a statement of the amount of such balance necessary to be held in the hands of the said treasurer to meet the expenses of the ensuing year. The comptroller shall thereupon make and file in his oflice an estimate of the amount of such balance necessary to be held by said board for the purpose hereinbefore stated, which sum may be retained by said board for said purposes, and the balance of said surplus paid by the treasurer of said board into the State treasury.

Sec. 12. Upon the report of a member of the State board of Shops to be examiners, duly appointed as herein provided, or a member of sanitary. a subboard of examiners in a city or village of the State, that a barber shop is in an unsanitary condition, said State board of examiners shall be empowered to call upon the State or local board of health to declare such shop a public nuisance, and should the proprietor of said shop fail to abolish said nuisance within a period of thirty days after a notice to do so by either the State or local board of health, the board of examiners provided for in this act shall be empowered to call upon the aforesaid board to abolish the aforesaid public nuisance.

SEC. 13. To shave, to trim the beard, or cut the hair of any Definition. person for hire or reward, received by the person performing such service, or any other person, shall be construed as practicing the occupation of a barber within the meaning of this act. This act shall not in anyway apply to or affect any person who is now occupied or working as a barber in this State, nor any person employed in a barber shop, or an apprentice, except that a person so employed less than three years prior to the passage of this act, shall be considered an apprentice, and at the expiration of such three years of such employment shall be subject to the provisions of this act.

Violation.

SEC. 14. Any person violating any of the provisions of this act shall be deemed guilty of misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof shall be punished by a fine of not less than ten dollars or imprisonment in the county jail for a period of not less than thirty days or by both such fine and imprisonment.

CHAPTER 671.–Arbitration of labor disputes.

Duty of chlef SECTION 1. Upon information furnished by an employer of labor, of bureau.

whether person, firm or corporation, or by a committee of employees, or from any other reliable source, that a controversy or dispute has arisen between employer and employees, involving ten or more persons, which controversy may result in a strike or lockout, the chief of the bureau of industrial statistics of Maryland, or such person officially connected with said bureau of industrial statistics as may be deputized in writing by the said chief of said bureau of industrial statistics, shall at once visit the place of controversy or dispute and seek to mediate between the

parties, if in his discretion it is necessary so to do. Arbitration. SEC. 2. If mediation can not be effected as provided for in sec

tion 1 of this article, the chief of the bureau of industrial statistics, or such person officially connected with said bureau as may be by him deputized in writing, may, at his discretion, endeavor to secure the consent of the parties to the controversy or dispute to the formation of a board of arbitration, which board shall be composed of one employer and one employee engaged in the same or similar occupation to the one in which the dispute exists, but who are not parties to the controversy or dispute, and to be selected by the respective parties to the controversy; the third arbitrator may be selected by the two first-named arbitrators, and said third arbitrator so selected shall be president of the board of arbitration; and upon the failure of the two first-named arbitrators, as aforesaid, to agree upon the third arbitrator, then the chief of said bureau of industrial statistics shall act as third arbitrator, or he may deputize, in writing, some person officially connected with said bureau to so act, and the said chief, or the person who may be so deputized by him, shall act as president of

sa id board. Powers of Sec. 3. The president of the said board, provided in section 2 of board.

this article, shall have power to summon witnesses, enforce their attendance and administer oaths and hear and determine the matter in dispute, and within three days after the investigation render a decision thereon, a copy of which shall be furnished each

par to the dispute, and shall be final. Agreements SEC. 4. In all such cases of dispute, as aforesaid, as in all other of parties. cases, if the parties mutually agree that the matter in dispute

shall be arbitrated and determined in a mode different from the one hereby prescribed, such agreement shall be valid, and the award and determination thereon by either mode of arbitration shall be final and conclusive between the parties. It shall be lawful in all cases for an employer or an employee, by writing under his hand, to authorize any person to act for him in sub

mitting to arbitration and attending the same. Failure to se- SEC. 6. Should the chief of the bureau of industrial statistics cure agree

or the person deputized by him, as aforesaid, fail to mediate or secure the consent of the parties to the controversy or dispute to submit the matter to arbitration, then the said chief of the bureau of industrial statistics or the person deputized by him, as aforesaid, shall proceed to thoroughly investigate the cause of the dispute or controversy; he shall have the authority to summons both parties to appear before him and take their statements, in writing or under oath, and having ascertained which party is, in his judgment, mainly responsible and blameworthy for the continuance of said controversy or dispute, shall publish a report in some daily newspaper, assigning such responsibility or blame over his official signature.

ments.

SEC. 7. For the purposes of the investigation, as aforesaid, the Investigation chief of said bureau of industrial statistics or such person as he may deputize in writing, as aforesaid, shall have power to administer oaths, to issue summons for the attendance of witnesses, to enforce the attendance of witnesses, production of papers and books, to the same extent that power is possessed by courts of record or judges thereof in this State.

Sec. 8. All information of a personal character or pertaining to Information the private business of any person, firm or corporation, or which confidential. might have a tendency to expose the profits or methods of doing business by any person, firm or corporation, coming to the knowledge of the chief of said bureau or person deputized by him, or to the arbitrators selected under the aforesaid provisions, shall be deemed confidential and so treated, and all documents and testimony taken shall be filed in the office of the bureau of industrial statistics.

MASSACHUSETTS.

REVISED LAWS_1902. CHAPTER 11.-Protection of employees as voters. SECTION 414. Whoever, by threatening to discharge a person from Making his employment or to reduce his wages, or by promising to give threats, etc. him employment at higher wages, attempts to influence a voter to give or to withhold his vote-at an election, or whoever, because of the giving or withholding of a vote at an election, discharges a person from his employment or reduces his wages, shall be punished by imprisonment for not more than one year.

CHAPTER 19.—Civil service-Labor service.

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SECTION 2. * * They (the civil service commissioners)

Registrar of may appoint a registrar of labor, who shall, under their direction, labor to be apsupervise the administration of civil service rules applicable to

pointed. the public labor service of the Commonwealth or of any city thereof.

SEC. 12. Every application shall state under oath the full name, Statements of residence and post-office address, citizenship, age, place of birth, applicants. health and physical capacity, right of preference as a veteran, previous employment in the public service, business or employment and residence for the previous five years, and education of the applicant, and such other information as may reasonably be required relative to his fitness for the public service.

Applicants for positions in the labor service of the Common- Registry of wealth or of the cities thereof shall, to the number of five hun- laborers. dred, be allowed to register on the first Monday of February, May, August and November - in each year, at the places appointed therefor.

SEC. 13. No question in any examination shall relate to, and no Scope of exappointment to a position or selection for employment shall be amination. affected by, political or religious opinions or affiliations. Examinations shall be practical and shall relate to matters which will fairly test the capacity and fitness of the applicants. The examination of applicants for employment as laborers shall relate to their capacity for labor and habits of sobriety and industry and to the necessities of themselves and their families.

Sec. 36. This chapter shall be in force in any town of more than Application twelve thousand inhabitants when accepted by it. So much of this of law. chapter and the rules established under it as relate to the employment of laborers, designated as the “ Labor service,” shall not be in force in any city of less than one hundred thousand inhabitants until the city council, with the approval of the mayor, accepts the same.

43967–0837

CHAPTER 44.--Employment of children unlawfully absent from

school.

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SECTION 1 (as amended by chapter 320, Acts of 1905, and chapter 383, Acts of 1906). Every child between seven and fourteen years of age, and every child under sixteen years of age who can not read at sight and write legibly simple sentences in the English language, shall attend some public day school in the city or town in which he resides during the entire time the public day schools are in session, subject to such exceptions as to children, places of attendance and schools as are provided for in section three of chapter forty-two and sections three, five and six of this chapter [relating to towns having no high school, to attendance and place of residence, and to exclusion on account of contagious diseases). The superintendent of schools or, if there is no superintendent of schools, the school committee, or teachers acting unuer authority of said superintendent or committee, may excuse cases of necessary absence. The attendance of a child upon a public day school shall not be required if he has attended for a like period of time a private day school approved by the school committee of such city or town in accordance with the provisions of the following section, or if he has been otherwise instructed for a like period of time in the branches of learning required by law to be taught in the public schools, or if he has already acquired such branches of learning, or if his physical or mental condition is such as to render such attendance inexpedient or impracticable. Every person having under his control a child as described in this section shall cause him to attend school as herein required; and if he fails for five day sessions or ten half-day sessions within any period of six months while under such control to cause such child, whose physical or mental condition is not such as to render his attendance at school harmful or impracticable, so to attend school, he shall, upon complaint by a truant officer and conviction thereof, be punished by a fine of not more than twenty dollars: Provided, however, That no physical or mental condition which is capable of correction, or which renders the child a fit subject for special instruction at public charge in institutions other than the public day schools, shall avail as a defense under the provisions of this section unless it shall be made to appear that the defendant has employed all reasonable measures for the correction of the condition, or the suitable instruction of the child. Whoever induces or attempts to induce a child to absent himself unlawfully from school, or employs or harbors a child who, while school is in session, is absent unlawfully from school shall be punished by a fine of not more than fifty dollars.

Proviso.

.

CHAPTER 65.—Employment of children in street trades. Bootblacks, SECTION 17 (as amended by chapter 151, Acts of 1906). The etc.

mayor and aldermen or selectmen may make regulations relative to the exercise of the trade of boot blacking by minors and to the sale by minors of any goods, wares or merchandise the sale of which is permitted by section fifteen [includes newspapers), and may prohibit such sales or such trade, or may require a minor to obtain from them a license therefor to be issued on terms and conditions prescribed in such regulations: Provided, That in the case of persons under the age of fourteen years in the cities of the Commonwealth the foregoing powers shall be vested in and exercised by the school committees of said cities. A minor who sells such articles or exercises such trade without a license if one is required or who violates the conditions of his license or any of the provisions of said regulations shall be punished by a fine of not

more than ten dollars for each offense. Penalty. Sec. 18. A parent or other person who employs a minor under

the age of fifteen years in peddling without a license if one is required or who, having the care or custody of such minor, per

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