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official paper, a diftin&t disavowal of the offensive views which the appointment of a mere charge d'affaires and other circumftan. ces appeared originally to indicate. We are now told, in writing, thar the delay in appointing a minister plenipotentiary was occafloved, in the first instance, not by luch confiderations as have been supposed, but“ by an earnest desire of rendering the appoint. ment fatisfactory to the United States, and conducive to the ef. fectual establishment of harmony between the two governments;” that more recently “the state of his majesty's government ren. dered it impossible to make the intended appointment; " and that lord Wellesley was therefore " concerned to find, by my letter of the 14th of January, that the government of the United States should be induced to suppose that any indisposition could 'exist, on the part of his majesty's government, to place the British milsion in America on the footing most acceptable to the United States, as foon as might be practicable, consistently with the convenience of affairs in this country."
The two papers are evidently calculated to prevent me from acting upon my last request of an audience of leave; and they cer. tainly put it into my power, if they do not make it my duty, to forbear to act upon it. I have it under consideration, (looking to the instructions contained in your letter of the 15th of November) what course I ought to pursue. It is at any rate my intention to return to America in the Eflex, as I shall doubtless have the president's permission in due season to do, in consequence of my letter to you of the 24th of November. I have the honor to be, with great respect and confideration, Sir, your most obedient humble fervant,
Lord Wellesley to Mr. Pinkney. (Marked“ private."] SIR,
Foreign Office, February 15, 1811. In the various unofficial communications which I have had the honor to make to you, respecting the appointment of a minister plenipotentiary from the king to the United States, I have 'en. deavored to explain to you, in the most distinct manner, the cir. cumstances which have delayed that appointment; and I have exprefled my intention to recommend that it should be carried into effect as soon as the situation of his majesty's government might permit.
The delay was occafioned, in the first instance (as I stated to you repeatedly) by an earnest desire of rendering the appointment fatisfactory to the United States, and conducive to the effectual establishment of harmony between the two governments. Since that period of time the state of his majesty's government rendered it impossible to make the intended appointment.
I was therefore concerned to find, by your letter of the 14 th of January, that the government of the United States Thould be in
duced to suppose that any indisposition could exist, on the part of his majesty's government, to place the British miffion in America on the footing n:oft acceptable to the United States, as soon as might be practicable, consistently with the convenience of affairs in this country.
In pursuance of the intention so often declared to you, his royal highness the prince rt gent has been pleafed, in the name and on bchalf of bis maji fty, to appoint Mr. Foster, (lately charged with kis majesty's affairs in Sweden) to be his majesty's envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary to the United States; and that appointment will be notified in the next gazette.
You will, of course, exercise your judgment, under these cir. cuinstances, respecting the propriety of requiring an audience of leave, on the grounds which you have flated.
I have the honor to be, &c. (Signed) WELLESLEY.
Lord Wellesley to Mr. Pinkney. SIR,
Foreign Office, February 15, 1811. Having fubmitted to his royal highness the prince regent our de fire to have an audience of leave, with a view to return to Amer. ica, I am conimanded by his royal highness to inform you that he will be prepared to receive you, at Carlton house, on Tuesday the 19th instant.
At the same time, I am commanded to inform you, that his royal highness, in the name and on the behalf of his majesty, has been pleased to appoint Augustus Foster, tsquire, (lately charged with his majesty's affairs in Swedin) to be his maj fty's envoy extraordinary and minifter plenipotentiary to the United States. I have the honor to be, &c. (Signed) WELLESLEY.
Mr. Pinkney to Mr. Smith, fecretary of state. SIR,
London, February 18, 1811. The result of my reflections on lord Wellesley's two communications of the 15th instant, will be found in my letter to him of yesterday's date, of which I now transmit a copy.
It appeared to me that the appointment of a minifter plenipotentiary to the United States was nothing, or rather worse than nothing, if the orders in council were to remain in force, the blockade of May, 1800, 1to be unrepealed; the affair of the Che: sapeake to continue at large, and other urgent questions between us to remain unsettled.
The“ posture of our relations," as you have expressed it in your letter of the 15th of November, would not be satisfactorily changed” merely by such an appointment; and of course my functions could not be refumed upon the fole foundation of it.
I have put it to lord Wellesley to say explicitly, whether full and satisfactory arrangement is intended, before I answer his official letter concerning my audience of leave...'
If he is prepared to do at once what we require, or to instruct the new minister to do at Washington what does not demand immediate interference here, I thall think it my duty to forbear to take my leave on the 26th. If he decline's a frank reply, or refufis our demands, I shall pres for my audience and put an end to my miffion. I have t.e honor to be, &c. (Signei') WM. PINKNEY.
Mr. Pinkney to Lord Wellesley. MY LORD, Great Cumberland Place, Februay 17, 1811.
Before I reply to your official communication of the 15th in. stant, you will perhaps allow me, in acknowledging the receipt of the unofficial paper which accompanied it, to trouble you with a few words.
Froni the appointment which you have done me the honor to an. nounce tò mt, of a minister plenipotentiary to the United States, as well as from the language of your private letter, I conclude that it is the intention of the British government to seek immediately those adjustments with America, without which, the appointment can produce no beneficial effect. I presume, that, for the restoration of harmony between the two countries, the orders in coun. cil will be revoked without delay ; that the blockade of May 1806 will be annulled; that the case of the Chu fapı ake will be arranged in the manner her tofore intended; and, in general, that all such just and reaf unable acts will be done as are neceflary to make us frinu's.
My motives will not, I am sure, be misinterpreted, if, anxious to be enabl d fo to regulate my conduct in the execution of my instructions as that he best results may be accomplished, I take the liberty to riqueft fuch explanations on these heads as your lord hip may think fit to give me.
I ought to add, that, as the levee of his royal highness the prince regent has been postponed until Tuesday the 26th inftant, I havi supposed that my audienc of leave is postponed to the same day : and that I have, on that ground, undertaken to delay my reply to your official communication until I receive an answer to this letter.
I have the honor to be, &c. (Signed) WM. PINKNEY
Mr. Pinkney to Mr. Smith, SIR,
London, 24th February, 1811. I received last night Lord Well, ley's answer (of which a copy is enclofed) to my kiter of the 17th instant. He marked it private, and speaks of my letter to hiin as being private also. My letter, however, was not so marked or intended; and his answer, however marked, is essentially an official communication of great importance.
His letter amounts to an explicit declaration that the orders in council are to be persisted in ; and it furnithes no evidence of a
disposition to give us any thing but vague and general profefions on any subject. I did not, therefore, hesitate to send him a re. ply, declaring my intention to take leave on Thursday the 28th, in pursuance of my request of the 13th, and declining to attend the prince's levee on Tucsday the 26th. Of this reply a copy is now transmiited.
To mistake the views of this government is now impoffible. They are fnch as I always believed them to be, and will, I hope, be refift. c with spirit and firmness,
In shaping my course on this occasion, I have endeavored to conform to the orders of the president, signified to me in your let. ter of the 15th of November. With those orders, as I under. stand them, my own wishes certainly concurred; but I trust that I have not fuffered inclination to influence my interpretation of them.
According to your letter, my functions, were to be considered as suspended on the receipt of it, if the British government had not then appointed a minister plenipotentiary to the United States. Such an appointment had not at that time been made, and con. "fequently the suspension took place. Upon a careful considera. tion of your letter, it appeared to me to look to a REVIVAL of my 'fundtions, in the event of " a satisfactory change in the posture of our relations" with this country. I could not indeed find in it any precise provision to that effe et ; but there was apparently room for such a construction; and I have already informed you, that, however anxious to close my mission and retire from the public service, I was disposed to act, for a few weeks, upon that implication, in case such a change occurred in our relations as I deemed a satisfaclory one. It could not be imagined that the appointment of Mr. Foster produced that change ; and, supposing it to be left, in fome degree at least, to my discretion to determine in what it should confift, I had no difficulty in deciding that the immediate repeal of the orders in council and the blockade of May 1806, a distinct pledge on the affair of the Chesapeake, and a manifestation of a disposition to accommodate with us, upon principles of justice, on all other concerns, were indispensable ingredients. It followed, that, upon receiving lord Wellesley's letter of yesterday's date, I had no choice but to press for my au. dience or leave.
It may perhaps be thought, that I ought not to have refused to appear at Carlton House on the 26th, for the purpose of being prefented, with the other foreign ministers, to the regent. I have not, myself, any doubt at all upon that point. My appearance at the levee for such a purpose, would import, that I consider my capacity as the minister of the United States to be entire, and would, moreover, encourage the delusion which now prevails * oricerning the views of the British government towards America. I have the honor to be, &c. &c. &c.
(Signed) WM, PINKNEY. [Documents to be continued.]
No 13.1 TWELFTH CONGRESS....FIRST SESSION.
[Debates in Congress---Continuerl.]
In the house of Representatives. On the second Resolution reported by the Committee on Foreign Relations.
MR. STANFORD said, as the resolution before the House contemplated an additional army, and from the avowal of its friends, involved in it the question of peace or war, he felt the desire to assign the reasons of his vote upon so important a subject. He was the more disposed to do so, as he should probably find himself in a very small minority upon the question. He was not flattered, he said, with using arguments which would convince others; but for himself he felt their force strong enough to fix his mind against the measure. If he were to vote, he said, for the proposed army, he should vote inconsistently with all his ormer opinions and principles upon the subject, and he could never think of acting a part inconsistent with himself, and that more especially when all his experience had gone to confirm his first impressions, his honest prejudices, against standing armies. Such establishments had always proved the bane of free governments, and he could not see how we were to get along with them, and remain, as he believed we were, the freest and happiest people on earth.
But, sir, we are told, war is to be declared in certain events, and that the army proposed is to invade and take the Canadas. We are then to pass out of the limits of the United States and wage a war of the foreign offensive kind ! If such was the contemplated use of this army when raised, he was still the more opposed to the measure.He was against the war itself, and the policy of it, and could by no means yield his vote to bring it about. That there was sufficient cause of war, he was ready to acknowledge, and he was not disposed in any the least degree, to palliate the offences of Great Britain, or that of any of the other belligerents, committed on the persons and property of our citizens. All of them had deserved war at our hands, but we had at no time since the commencement of our present government seen it our interest or policy to give into it, in the open and declared form, nor that of any other form, except that of a quasi character, which happened under Mr. Adams' administration. The question never had been, whether we had or had not cause of warbut whether the true interest of the United States did not, under all circumstances, call aloud upon us to cherish peace--and to avoid war and its evils as the last of the alternatives before us--and this, said Mr. Stanford, he would be able to show was the republican doctrine as well in the old minority times, as since that minority grew into a majority.