of General Washington in New

Jersey and Pennsylvania, in the campaign of 1777. The battles of

Brandywine and Germantown. Washington is advised by the Rev.

Jacob Duche to give up the contest. The distresses of the American

army. Its winter-quarters at Valley Forge. "General Washington is

assailed by the clamours of discontented individuals and public bodies,

and by the designs of a faction to supersede him in his office as com-


Page 55


Campaign of 1778.-General Washington prepares for the campaign

of 1778. Surprises the British, and defeats them at Monmouth. Ar-

rests general Lee. Calms the irritation excited by the departure of

the French fleet from Rhode Island to Boston. Dissuades from an

invasion of Canada,

Page 71

Washington rejoices at the prospect of retiring. Writes to the secretary

of state, denying the authenticity of letters said to be from him to j
P. Custis and Lund Washington, in 1776. Pays respect to his suc-
cessor, Mr. John Adams. Review of Washington's administration.
He retires to Mount Vernon. Resumes agricultural pursuits. Hears
with regret the aggressions of the French republic. Corresponds on
the subject of his taking the command of an army to oppose the
French. Is appointed Lieutenant-General. His commission is sent
to him by the secretary of war. His letter to president Adams on the
receipt thereof. Directs the organization of the proposed army
Three envoys extraordinary sent to France, who adjust all disputes
with Bonaparte, after the overthrow of the Directory. General Wash-
ington dies. Is honoured by Congress, and by the ciiizens. His

Page 230




George Washington's birth, family, and education.

His mission to the French commandant on the Ohio, in 1753.--His military operations as an officer of Virginia, from 1754 to 1758, and his subsequent employments, to the commencement of the American Revolution.

The ancestors of George Washington were amongst the first settlers of the oldest British colony in America. He was the third in descent from John Washington, an English gentleman, who, about the middle of the seventeenth century, emigrated from the north of England, and settled in Westmoreland county, Virginia. In the place which he had selected for his residence, his great-grandson, the subject of the following history, was born on the 22d February, (11th 0. S.) 1732. His immediate ancestor was Augustine Washington, who died when his son George was only ten years old.— The education of the young orphan, of course devolving upon his mother, she added one to the many, examples of virtuous matrons, who, devoting themselves to the care of their children, have trained them up to be distinguished citizens. In one instance, her fears, combining with her affection, prevented a measure, which, if persevered in, would have given a direction to the talents and views of her son, very different from that which laid the foundation of his fame.-George Washington, when only fifteen years old, solicited and obtained an appointment as midshipman in te English navy; but his ardent zeal to serve Great Britain,

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