LORA'NTHUS (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 6 Hexan. Some cuirasses were of a lighter make, consisting of linen dria, Order 1 Monogynia.

folded many times. Val. Mar. l. 3, c. 2; Plin. I. 19, c. l; Generic Character. Cal. perianth inferior.-Cor. petals Veget. 1. 2, c. 25; Serv. in Æneid. ; Isid. Orig. 1. 18, c. 13,

six.-Stam. filaments six; anthers oblong.–Pist. germ Lips. de Mil. Rom. I. 5, dialog. 6. oblong; style simple; stigma blunt.-Per. berry oblong; Lorica (Archit.) a shed or penthouse built over a wall to seeds oblong.

carry off the rain. Vitruv. l. 2, c. 8; Philand. in l'ittur. Species. The species are parasitical shrubs, as the-Lo- Lorica (Chem.) a kind of lute with which vess-is are

ranthus Scuricla, seu Viscum.- Loranthus americana, seu coated before they are put into the fire. Lonicera. Loranthus loniceroides, Lonicera, seu itti- || LORICA'RIA (Ich.) a genus of fishes of the Abdominal canni, fc.

Order, having the head smooth and depressed; mouth re

tractile; gill-membrane six-rayed; body mailed. at his master's pleasure; also one who stimulated the gla- LORICATION (Mason.) the filling of walls with mortar. diators to continue the fight by exercising the scourge || LORICATION (Chem.) the harnessing or arming with a cont

upon them. Aul. Gell. 1. 10, c. 3; Tertull. de Spectac. c. 21. of mail. LORD (Her.) in Latiâ Dominus, in Saxon Claford, from LO'RIMER (Archæol.) a name given formerly to those who

hlaf, a luaf, and fond, for afford, because lords and noble made bits, spurs, and other works of iron, for horses. men distributed loaves in old times to a certain number of || LORIMERS, Company of (Her.) were incorpoor; a title of honour sometimes attributed to those who

porated about the year 1488, and consist of a are noble by birth or creation; sometimes given by the master, two wardens, about fifty assistants, courtesy of England to the sons of Dukes and Marquisses ; and no livery. Their armorial ensigns are,

sometimes to persons honourable by their employment, &c. “ Azure on a chevron argent between three LORD (Law) Lord of the Manor, or Fee; a person that curbits or, as many bosses sable."

has à fee, and consequently the homage of tenants within LO'RIND matricis Med.) an epilepsy or conhis manor. These tenants were originally called the Vassal, vulsive disorder, proceeding from the uterus. in distioction from the Lord, who was styled absolutely | LO'RIST (Orn.) a name given to some bird, which is fabled • Lord.' Lords are of two kinds, Lords paramount and to have possessed the singular property of curing persons Lords mesne.— The Lords Paramount were the superior affected with the yellow jaundice if they looked upon it; Lords who had other lords under them. The Mesne or after which it died itself. middle Lords were those who had tenants holding in Fee, | LO'RIS (Zool.) the Lemur tardigradus of Linnæus. but who yet held of the superior lord, or Lord paramount. | LO'RY (Orn.) a bird of the parrot kind, the Psittacus gar. These came, as it were, between the Lord and the tenant. rulus, &c. of Linnæus, which inhabits the Molucca Islands, -Lord in Gross is he, that is Lord, having no manor, as the and is about ten or eleven inches long. king in respect of the crown. Old Nat. Brev. 79; F.N.B. || LO'SING company at sea (Mar.) the separating of one or 3, 5, 8.-Lord High Admiral. [vide Admiral]-Lords of more ships from a convoy bound to a certain place. Erection, those in Scotland to whom the King, after the LOSINGA (Archæol.) a flatterer or sycophant. Brompt. reformation, gave the benefices of abbots and priors as Chron. temporal lordships. — Lords Marchers of Wales. (vide LOT (Larv) a contribution; whence the phrase “ To pay Marches] Lords of Parliament, the same as Peers of the scot and lot," i. e. rent and taxes. realm who have a right to sit and vote in the upper House Lot (Min.) or loth, every 13th dish of lead in the Derbyof Parliament.--Lords of Regality, persons to whom rights shire mines, which is a duty paid to the King, of regality, or rights of civil and criminal jurisdiction, were LOTE tree (Bot.) the Celtis australis of Linnæus. given by the crown.

LO'THIRWITE (Law) vide Leyerwite. LORD (Astrol.) that planet that has most testimonies of forti- || LO'TI arboris folio (Bot.) a species of the Muntingia of Lin

tude in a revolutional year.-Lord of the geniture, or Lord of the year, that planet that has the greatest strength in a LOʻTION (Chem.) the washing or cleansing of any medicine figure of a person's nativity, so as to become the principal in water. significator of his temperament, affections, &c. - Lord of Lotion (Med.) a medicine between a fomentation and a bath. the hour, a planet which governs the twelfth part of the || LOTOMETRA (Ant.) bread made of the seed of the herb day, as also of the night, severally divided into twelve lotus. Plin. l. 22, c. 21. parts, which are called planetary hours.

LOTUS (Bot.) awtos, a plant which grew in great abundance LORDO'SIS (Med.) nopdar is, from opdes, bowed, or recurved; on the banks of the Nile. The word is, according to He

an affection of the spine, in which it is incurvated, or bent rodotus, of Egyptian extraction, and is supposed to come inwards. Gal. Comm. in Hippocrat. de Art.

from dã, an old word signifying to wish for, denoting LORDS AND LADIES (Bot.) the Arum maculatum, a tu thereby that it was a great object of desire. Homer berose root.

numbers it among the flowers that sprung up for the pleaLO'REY (Law) an article in the chamber of accounts in sure of the gods.

France, which ordains, that if a combat be accepted, and Hom. Il. l. 13.
afterwards taken up by the consent of the Lord of the Fee,
each of the parties shall pay 2s. 6d. and the party that is

Toισι δ' υπό χθών διά φύειν νεοθηλία ποίη,

Λωτόν δ' ερσήεντα ιδε, κρόκον ήδ ευάκινθον.
overcome forfeit 112s.
LORICA (Ant.) a cuirass, brigandine, or coat of mail in use Theocritus reckons it among the coronary flowers.

among the Romans, which at first was made of lora thongs, Theoc. Idyl. 18.
or skins; afterwards of leather. They were set with plates
of various forms ; sometimes in hooks or rings like a chain.

Πράται του σίφανον λατώ χαμαι αυξομένοιο
Virg. Æn. l. 3, v. 647.

Loricam consertam hamis auroque trilicem.

Herodot. 1. 2, c. 92; Theophrast. Hist. Plant. 1. 7, c. 14; Sometimes like the scales of serpents or fishes.

Dioscor. 1. 4, c. 112; Plin. I. 22, c. 21; Auct. Geopon. I. 12, Virg. Æn. 1. 9, v. 707. Nec duplici squdma, lorica fidelis et auro

Lotus, in the Linnean system, a genus of plants, Class 17 Sustinuit.

Diadelphia, Order 4 Decandria.


c. 6.

Generic Character. Cal. perianth one-leaved.-COR. pa- | LOXODROMIC (Mar.) or locodromical, from reges, ob

pilionaceous. - STAM. filaments diadelphous ; anthers lique, and dpópos, a course ; an epithet for what appertains small. - Pist. germ columnar; style simple; stigma to oblique sailing.-Loxodromical Line, the line of the blunted.- Per. legume ; seeds several.

ship's way when she sails upon a rhumb oblique to the Species. The species are mostly perennials, as the Lotus meridian.—Loxodromic Tables, the tables of rhumbs, or

siliquosus, seu Trifolium, Square-podded Bird's-foot Tre the traverse tables of miles, with the difference of latitude foil. — Lotus angustissimus, Narrow-podded Bird's-foot and longitude. Trefoil.-Lotus peregrinus, Flat-podded Bird's-foot Tre- LOXODROMICS (Mar.) the art of oblique sailing by the foil. But the following are annuals, as the-Lotus tetra rhumb, which always makes angles with every meridian; gonolobus, Square-podded Bird's-foot Trefoil. - Lotus i. e. when you sail neither under the Equator, nor under edulis, Esculent Bird's-foot Trefoil, &c. Clus. Hist.; the same meridian, but oblique or athwart them. Dod. Pempt.; Bauh. Hist. ; Bauh. Pin.; Ger. Herb.; LOY'AL (Man.) a horse is said to be loyal who freely bends Park. Theat. Bot.; Raii Hist. ; Tourn. Inst.

all his force in obeying and performing any manage he is LOVAGE (Bot.) the Ligusticum of Linnæus.

put to. Loyal Mouth, an excellent mouth, which is otherLOVAGE, Bastard (Bot.) the Laserpitium siler of Linnæus. wise called a mouth with a full rest upon the hand. Reich. Hall. helv.; Scop. carn.

LO'ZENGE (Geom.) another name for the rhombus or LOVE APPLE (Bot.) the fruit of the Solanum lycopersicum rhomboid. of Linnæus.

Lozenge (Her.) a figure very similar to that of a pane of LOVE-FEASTS (Ecc.) vide Agapæ.

glass in old casements, which is used to contain the coats LOUI'CHEA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 16 Monadelphia, of arms of all maidens and widows. It is also borne as a Order 2 Tetrandria.

charge in coat armour. The lozenge, as in fig. 1, differs Generic Character. Cal, none.-CoR. none --Stam. filaments four; anthers roundish.-Pist. germ superior; style

Fig. 1. Fig. 2. Fig. 3.

Fig. 4. filiform; stigmas simple.- Per. none; seeds solitary. Species. The species are annuals, as the Louichea cer

vina, seu Camphorosina. LOUIS (Her.) or Knights of St. Louis, an order of knight

hood instituted by Louis XIV. in 1693, of which the king is always grand master. Their collars are of a flame colour, passing from right to left.

from the fusil, fig. 2, by being wider; and the mascle, LOUIS D'O'R (Num.) a French coin first struck in the reign fig. 3, differs from both, by being voided. When a field

of Louis XIII. in 1640, which was equal in value to twenty is scattered with lozenges it is said to be lozengy, as in four francs, or twenty shillings sterling: the new Louis

fig. 4. d'or is twenty francs, or sixteen shillings and eightpence | LOZENGY (Her.) an epithet for a field that is covered sterling.

with lozenges. [vide Lozenge] LOUSE(Ent.) a well-known insect, the Pediculus of Lin-LUBS (Ant.) or Lubesh, a term applied to the money of

næus, which lives by extracting animal juices. It infests Lubeck and Hamburgh, as sterling is to English money. men, and almost every other animal. The larvæ and pupa LUCA'NUS (Ent.) a genus of insect, Order Coleoptera, of this insect are six-footed, and nimble, resembling the

having the antenne clavate, jaws projecting beyond the perfect insect.

head, two palpigerous tufts under the lip. (vide EntomoLOU'SY disease (Med.) morbus pediculosus; a general cor

logy] ruption of the humours, which causes these insects to LUCAR (Ant.) the money which was expended upon the breed in every part of the body.

public games or shows. It was so called from the Lucaria. LOWA’NDO (Zool.) a sort of monkey, the Simia veter of Senec. Epist. 80; Liv. I. 23, c. 2; Tacit. Annal. 1. 1, c. 77; Linnæus, which has a black beard and a white body.

Plut. Quæst. Rom. 87; Lucian. Icaromet.; Sueton. in LOW-BEARING (Sport.) a fighting cock so called when he Tiber. c. 34 ; 'Chares. Instit. Gramm. 1. 1; Putoch. Edit. is over-matched in height.

p. 25; Tertull. adv. Gnostic. c. 8; Ursin. ad Leg. Scta. LOWBELL (Sport.) a device to catch birds by means of a apud Græv. Thes. Rom. Antiq. tom. ii. p. 1378. bell hung about the neck of sheep.

LUCA'RIA (Ant.) a festival, celebrated at Rome on the LOWBELLER (Sport.) one that goes fowling with a light 18th of July, in memory of the flight of the Romans from and a bell.

the Gauls into a great wood between the Tiber and the LOW-BOTE (Law) a recompense for the death of a man Via Salaria. killed in a tumult.

Ovid Fast. I. 2, v. 67.
TO LOWER (Mar.) to let down gradually and easily.-
Lower cheerly! an order to lower expeditiously.-Lower

Tum quoque vicini tucus celebratur asyli, handsomely! an order to lower gradually.

Quâ petit aquoreas advena Tibris aquas. LOWER-CASE (Print.) vide Printing.

Fest. de Verb. Signif.; Gyrald. Syntag. Deor. 17, p. 497; LO'WLAND men (Archæol.) a name for the offspring of the Panvin. Descr. Urb. Rom. et Ursat. de Not. Rom. apud English Saxons who are in Scotland.

Græv. Thes. Antiq. Rom. vol. iii. p. 245, and vol. ii. p. 839. LOW-MASTED (Mar.) an epithet for a ship that has its LU'CEME (Bot.) the Medicago sativa of Linnæus. mast too short and too small.

LUCERNARIA (Ent.) a genus of worms, Order Mollusca, LOW-WATER(Mar.) the lowest point to which the tide ebbs. having a gelatinous body, without head or eyes. LOW-WORM (Vet.) a disease in horses like the shingles. LUCID Body (Nat.) a body which emits light. LOXIA (Orn.) a genus of birds, Order Passeres, having the Lucid Interval (Med.) an interval in which the phrenzy of

bill strong, thick, and convex; both the mandibles move mad persons ceases and leaves them in possession of their able; nostrils small. Species. The birds of this tribe are distinguished in Eng. LUCIDA Corona (Astron.) a fixed star of the second mag

lish mostly by the name of the Grosbeak; but the Loria nitude in the constellation Corona Borealis. Lucida curvirostra is denominated the Cross-bill, from the shape Hydre, vide Cor Hydræ.-Lucida Lyra, a bright star of of its bill; and the Loxia coccothraustes is the Haw-finch. the first magnitude in the constellation Lyra.





LUCIFER (Astron.) the Morning or Day Star.

LU'NAR (Astron.) an epithet for whatever appertains to the LUCIFE’RIANS (Ecc.) the followers of Lucifer, of Ca moon, as-Lunar Distance, the apparent distance of the

gliari, who held some peculiar notions which were not, moon from the sun or a fixed star.-Lunar Method, or however, reckoned expressly heretical. St. Aug. c. 30; Lunar Observations, a method of ascertaining the longi

S. Jerom. in Cat. c. 95 ; Socrat. Hist. Eccles. 1.3, &c. tude at sea, by the moon's motions, particularly by her obLU'DI (Ant.) árõres, Games, a name for the shows or public served distances from the sun and stars.-Lunar Dial, a

exhibitions which were made among the Greeks and Ro dial adapted to the moon's motions.- Lunar Eclipse, an mans for the display of skill and the entertainment of the eclipse of the moon.-Lunar Rainbow, an appearance people. The four principal games among the Grecians caused by the refraction of the moon's rays at night, simiwere the Olympic, Isthmian, Ñemean, and Pythian. [vide lar to that produced by the sun, but with fainter colours. Olympic, &c.] Those among the Romans were distin- LUNAR Cycle (Chron.) or Cycle of the Moon, consists of guished by a greater variety of epithets, as the Actiaci, nineteen years.-Lunar Month is either periodical, synoApollinares, Augustales, Cereales, Circenses, compitales, dical, or illuminative. (vide Month] -Lunar Year consists consuales, equestres, lustrales, Martiales, piscatorii, ponti of 354 days. [vide Chronology] ficales , quæstorii, quinquennales, Romani, sacerdotales

, se- LUNARIA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 15 Tetradyculares, Taurii, triumphales, &c. [vide Actiaci]

namin, Order 1 Siliculosa. LUDROIGIA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 4 Tetrandria, Generic Character. CAL. perianth four-leaved.--Cor. petals Order 1 Monogynia.

four.-STAM. filaments five; anthers upright.- Pist. Generic Character. CAL. perianth one-leaved. - CoR. germ ovate; style short; stigma blunt.-Per, silique flat;

petals four.-STAM. filaments four; anthers simple. seeds kidney-form. Pist. germ four-cornered; style cylindrical ; stigma ca Species. The species are the-Lunaria rediviva, Vioła, pitate. -Per. capsule blunt; seeds small.

seu Leucoium, Perennial Honesty, - Lunaria annua, Species. The species are annuals, as the - Ludroigia Annual Honesty, &c. Clus. Hist.; Dod. Pempt.; alternifolia, seu Lysimachia, Alternate-leaved Ludroigia. Bauh. Hist.; Bauh. Pin.; Ger. Herb.; Park. Theat.

Ludroigia oppositifolia, Opposite-leaved Ludroigia, &c. Bot. ; Raii Hist.; Tourn. Inst. LU'ES (Med, the pestilence in men, and murrain in beasts. LUNATIC Eyes (Vet.) a distemper in the eyes of horses, -Lues Venerea, the venereal distemper.

which makes them appear as if they were covered with LUFF (Mar.) vide Loof.-Luff of a sail, the fore or weather white. part of the sail.

“ To Luff into a harbour,” to sail into it LUNATION (Astron.) the space of time between one new close by the wind. “ Luff!or Keep your Luff!the moon and another. order to the helmsman to put the tiller towards the lee-side LUNATUS (Bot.) lunate, crescent-shaped ; an epithet for a of a ship, in order to make it sail nearer to the direction of leaf, the keel of a flower, and a stipule. the wind. Luff round!" the order to throw the ship's || LU'NDRESS (Num.) an old name for a silver penny; so head in the wind. “ To spring a Luff,to yield to the called because it was coined in London. effort of the helm, by sailing nearer to the wind. Luft- ||LUNE (Geom.) or Lunule, a plane in the form tackle," any large tackle that is not destined to any parti of a crescent or half moon, terminated by the cular use.

circumference of two circles, that intersect LU'FFA (Bot.) the Momordica Luffa of Linnæus.

each other within. LUG (Com.) a measure of land, called otherwise a pole or L'UN en l'autre (Her.) Counter-changed. perch.

LUNES (Falcon.) leashes, or long lines to call in hawks. LUG (Ent.) a sort of earth-worm, the Lumbricus marinus of LUNETTE (Man.) 1. A half-horse-shoe, or one that wants

Linnæus, which buries itself in the sand of the sea shore, that part of a branch which should run towards the quarand is used as a bait for fish.

ter. 2. A shade composed of two pieces of felt to cover LU'GGER (Mar.) a small vessel carrying two or three


of a vicious horse. masts, with a running bowsprit.

LUNETTES (Fort.) small works generally raised from the LU’JULA (Bot.) the Oxalis acetosella of Linnæus.

curtain in ditches full of water. LUMBAGO (Med.) a rheumatic affection of the muscles Lunettes (Opt.) glasses to help the sight. about the loins.

LUNGS (Anat.) Pulmones, two viscera or spongy bodies LU'MBAR (Anat.) an epithet for what appertains to the situated in the chest, and serving the office of respiration.

loins, as the lumbar arteries, veins, &c.; so also lumbar They are included, as it were, in two bags, formed by the region, the loins.

pleura. The whole mass of the lungs is composed of airLUMBRICA'LES (Angt.) muscles in the hands and feet, vessels, blood vessels, lymphatics, nerves, and cellular

so called from their figure, which resembles that of the membranes, being more vascular than any other part of earth-worm.

the body, and admitting a greater quantity of blood through LU'MBRICUS (Ent.) the Earth-Worm, a class of Worms them in a given time.

of the Intestinal Order, having a round annulate body, LU'NGWORT (Bot.) the Pulmonaria of Linnæus, a perenwith an elevated fleshy belt near the head. The principal

nial. species are, Lumbricus terrestris, the Dew-Worm; and LU'NULA (Anat.) or Luna, a half-moon that the Roman Lumbricus marinus, the Lug.

senators wore on their shoes. LUMINA'RE (Ecc.) a lamp or candle to burn on the altar Juven. Sat. 7, v. 192. of a church or chapel.

Appositam nigra lunam subterit aluta. LU'NA (Astron.) vide Moon. Luna (Her.) the same as argent, in the coats of sovereign The Lunula was also a female ornament. Plut. Quæst. princes.

Rom.; Tertull. de Cult. Fem. c. 10; Cel. Rhodig. Antiq. Luna (Chem.) silver.-Luna cornea, or cornua, a tough taste Lect. l. 20, c. 28; Alex. ab Aler. I. 5, c. 18.

less mass almost like horn, which is made by pouring LUNULA'RIA (Bot.) the Marchantia of Linnæus, spirit of salt on crystals of silver.

LUNULATUS (Bot.) lunulate, or in the shape of a small LU'NACY (Med.) frenzy or madness, so called because it crescent; an epithet for a leaf.

was supposed to happen according to the course of the LUNULE (Geom.) vide Lune. moon.

LUPERCA'LIA (Ant.) a festival celebrated by the Romans

[ocr errors]

p. 365.

on the 15th day of February, in honour of the god Pan.|| LUSTRALIA (Ant.) the festival among the Romans, which On this occasion the Luperci, or priests of Pan, ran naked consisted in performing their lustrations. Serv. in Æneid. through the streets, and struck all the married woman 1. 8, v. 183 ; Zosim. I. 2, c. 5. they met by the way.

LUSTRA'LIS (Ant.) an epithet for what appertains to lusOvid. Fast. I. 2, v. 267.

trations, as the-Dies lustralis, the day on which lustraTertia post Idus nudos Aurora Lupercos

tions were performed for a child among the Romans. [vide Adspicit.

Lustricus] Varro. de Ling. Lat. l. 5, c. 3; Dionys. Ant. I. 1; Liv. 1.1, LUSTRATIO (Ant.) a ceremony of purification which the Ć.5; Val. Mar. 1. 2, c. 2; Plut. in Kom.; Just. 1. 43, c. 1;

Romans performed on their fields, armies, and people, on Pancirol. Desc. Urb. apud Græv. Thes. Antiq. Rom. tom. iii.

different occasions, but particularly after the numbering of the people by the censors every five

years, which


of LU'PIA (Med.) a kind of hard glandiform tumour like a

time was, on that account, called a lustrum. Cato de Re ganglion in different parts of the body.

Rust. c. 141; Dionys. Hal. l. 4 ; Liv. l. 1, c. 28; 1. 40, c. 13, LŮPINA'STER (Bot.) the Trifolium lupinaster of Linnæus.

&c.; Tibull. I. 1, eleg. 1; Ovid. Fast. l. 4, v. 735; Quin. LU'PINUS (Bot.) in Greek lipos, a leguminous plant, which til. Declam. 329; Appian. de Bell. Civ. 1. 5; Gyrald.

was the food of the common people. It was so called Syntag. Deor. 17, p. 489; Alex. Gen. Dies. I. 5, c. 27. either because lupi, wolves, eat of it readily; or iso ows LU'STRICUS dies (Ant.) the lustral day among the Romans aúrus, i. e. from pain, because of its great bitterness, on which lustrations were performed for a child, and the whence Virgil calls it tristis.

name given. This day was usually the ninth from the Virg. Georg. 1, v. 75.

birth for a boy, and the eighth for that of a girl. Plut. Aut tenuis fætus viciæ, tristisque lupini

Quæst. Rom. 102; Fest. de Verb. Signif.; Macrob. Saturn. Sustuleris fragiles culamos, sylvamque sonantem.

1,1, c. 16.

LU'STRUM (Ant.) the space of five years among the Plautus calls the Lupinus, aurum comicum, to which Horace

Romans, so called from the lustrum or lustration which alludes. Hor. l. 1, epist. 1, v. 23.

was performed on the city at the end of that period. (vide

Nec tamen ignorat, quid distent era lupinis.

Ovid. Fast. 1. 3, v. 165.
The lupinus was macerated in water, to take off its bitter-

In lustrum accedere debet, ness before it was eaten. Theophrast. Hist. Plant. 1. 8, c. 3;

Quæ consummatur partibus, una dies. Cato de Re Rust. c. 36; Dioscor. 1. 2, c. 132; Columel. de · Re Rust. 1. 2, c. 16; Plin. I. 18, c. 15; Athen. 1. 2; Gal.

Time was accordingly reckoned by the lustra among the de Facult. Simpl. Medicament. 1. 6; Diogen. Laert. de Vit.

poets. Philos. 1. 7, c. 26 ; Geopon. Auct. 1. 2, c. 37; Isid. Orig.

Hor. l. 2, od. 4, v. 23. 1. 17, c. 4; Salmas. Exercitat. ; Plin. p. 37; Nonn. de Ře

Cujus octavum trepidlavit atas Cib. 1. 1, c. 10.

Claudere lustrum. LUPINUS, in the Linnean system, a genus of plants, Class 17 Varro de Ling. Lat. I. 5, c. 2; Stat. Sylvan. 1. 2; Fest. de Diadelphia, Order 4 Decandria.

Verb. Signif. ; Sidon. 1. 4, epist. 24. Generic Character. Cal. perianth one-leaved.--Cor. pa. | LU'TANIST (Mus.) one skilled in playing on the lute.

pilionaceous.--Sram. filaments ten; anthers five.- Pist. LUTATION (Chem.) the stopping up of chemical vessels germ awl-shaped; style ascending; stigma blunt.-Per. with loam and plaster. legume large; seeds several.

LUTE (Mus.) a musical stringed instrument. Species. The species are annuals, as the-Lupinus albus, LUTE Chem.) a compound paste made of clay, mortar,

White Lupine.Lupinus varius, Small Blue Lupine. sand, &c. to join together the necks of retorts. Lupinus hirsutus, Great Blue Lupine; except the–Lu- || LU'TEOLA (Bot.) the Datisca cannabina of Linnæus. pinus perennis, Perennial Lupine. Clus. Hist.; Bauh. LUTHERANISM (Ecc.) the opinions and doctrines of

Hist.; Bauh. Pin.; Ger. Herb.; Raii Hist.; Tourn. Inst. Martin Luther, an Augustin Friar, who separated from LU'PULUS (Bot.) the Humulus lupulus of Linnæus.

the Church of Rome about the year 1515, and took LU'PUS (Ent.) Lúxos, the very smallest kind of spider. the lead in what is now denominated the Reformation, or Aristot. Hist. Anim. I. 9, c. 39; Plin. I. 11, c. 24.

Protestantism. A further secession has since been made LUPUS (Astron.) the Wolf, a constellation of the southern in Germany from the Romish Church by those who have

hemisphere, consisting of 19 stars, according to Ptolemy, styled themselves peculiarly the Reformed. and 24 in the British Catalogue.

LU'THERN (Archit.) a sort of windows in the roof of a LUPUS (Med.) a name given to the cancer, from its devouring house. like a wolf.

LU'TRA (Her.) vide Otter. LURCH (Mar.) the sudden jerk or rolling of the ship on LUXATION (Surg.) dislocation, or the putting any bone

either side, caused by a heavy wave striking either upon out of joint. the rudder or the quarter..

LU'XATOR (Anat.) the same as Externus auris. LU'RCHER (Sport.) a variety of the Canis familiaris, hav- LYCÆ'A (Ant.) durchice; an Arcadian festival, answering to

ing a narrow body, stout legs, a straight tail, and long the Roman Lupercalia, which was celebrated in honour of rough hair.

Jupiter Lycæus. Plut. in Cæs.; Pausan. in Arcad. ; LURE (Falcon.) a device made of leather to call back a Porphyr. περί αποχης έμψυχ. hawk; a decoy, allurement.

LYCANCHE (Med.) from aúxos, a wolf, and kvx, to LU'SERN (Zool.) a kind of wolf called a stag-wolf.

strangle; a species of quinsey in which the patient makes LU'SHBURG (Num.) a base sort of coin in the time of a noise like a wolf.

King Edward III, made in foreign countries to counterfeit | LYCA'NTHROPY (Med.) Auxeréparatist, from aúxos, a wolf, the English money,

and zerokwtos, a man; a madness proceeding from the bite LUST (Mar.) vide List.

of a mad dog, which causes the patient to make a noise LUSTRAL (Ecc.) an epithet for the water, otherwise like the howling of a wolf. Oribas. Synop. I. 9, c. 10; Aet.

called Holy Water, with which the Roman Catholics Tetrab. 2, serm. 2, c. 11; Paul. Æginet. 1.3, c. 16. sprinkle themselves on different occasions.

LYCA'ON (Med.) vide Lycanthropy.

[ocr errors]



LYCHNANTHUS (Bot.) the Cucubalus bacciferus of Lin one.-STAM. filaments two; anthers small.-Pist. germs

four-cleft; style filiform; stigmas bifid. — Per. capsule LYCHNI'DEA (Bot.) the Erinus capensis of Linnæus.

none; seeds four. LYCHNIS (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 10 Decandria, Species. The species are perennials, as the - Lycopus Order 5 Pentagynia.

europeus, Marrubium, seu Sideritis, Water Horehound, Generic Character. CAL. perianth one-leaved.Cor. pelals &c. &c. Dod. Pempt.; Barth. Hist. ; Bauh. Pin.; Ger.

five.--Stam. filaments ten; anthers incumbent.-Psst. Herb.; Park. Theat. Bot. ; Raii Hist.; Tourn. Inst. germ subovate; styles five; stigma reflex against the sun. LY'COS (Ent.) vide Lupus. -Per. capsule one; seeds many, roundish.

LY'CTUS (Ent.) a name given by Fabricius to a division of Species. The species are perennials, as the-Lychnis chal the genus Tenebrio, comprehending the insects of this cedonica, Scarlet Lychnis. - Lychnis Floscuculi, caryo tribe which have the jaw membranaceous and bifid. phyllus, Amerius, Cuculi Flos, seu Odontites, Red- | LYCURGIA (Ant.) nurópysia, a festival celebrated at Sparta Aowered Meadow Lychnis.--Lychnis quadridenta, Silene, in honour of Lycurgus. Strab. 1. 8; Lycurg. seu Cucubalus.Lychnis Viscaria, seu Muscipula, Viscous LYCUS (Ent.) a name given by Fabricius to a division of Lychnis, or Catchfly.-Lychnis diurna, Cucubalus, Me the genus Lampyris, comprehending the insects of this landrium, seu Ocymastrum, Rose-flowered Lychnis, or tribe that have the first joint of the feelers thicker and Wild Red Champion; but the Lychnis lata is an annual. truncate. Clus. Hist.; Dod. Pempt.; Bauh. Hist. ; Bauh. Pin. ; || LY'DIAN Mood (Mus.) an effeminate sort of music used Ger. Herb.; Park. Theat. Bot.; Raii Hist.; Tourn. first by the Lydians. Inst.

LYDIUS LAPIS (Min.) the touchstone by which gold LY'CHNI SCABIOSA (Bot.) the Knautia orientalis of Lin was wont to be tried, so called because it was found only

in the Tmolus, a river of Lydia. Plin. l. 33, c. 8. LYCHNI'TIS (Min.) a kind of white marble which shines to LYE (Mar.) vide To Lie. best by candlelight. Plin. 1. 36, c. 5.

LYGÆUS (Ent.) a name given by Fabricius to a division LYCHNOIDES (Bot.) the Phlox pilosa of Linnæus. of the genus Cimer, comprehending the insects of this LYCI'A (Ant.) dúxesse, a festival held at Argos, in honour tribe that have the thorax unarmed, and the body oblong.

of Apollo, surnamed aúxesos in Pind. Schol. in Pyth. So- | LYGE’UM (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 3 Priandria, phocł. Schol. in Electra.

Order 1 Monogynia. LÝCIOIDES (Bot.) or Lycii similis, the Sideroxylon lycioides Generic Character. Cal. spathe one-leaved. Cor, in of Linnæus.

pairs. - Stam. filaments three; anthers linear.- Pist. LYCI'SCA (Zool.) a dog engendered of a wolf and a bitch. gern common; style simple. - Per. nut oblong; seed LYCIUM (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 5 Pentandria, linear. Order 1 Monogynia.

Species. The single species is the Lygeum Spartum, seu Generic Character. Cal, perianth obtuse.-Cor. mono Gramen, Rush-leaved Lygeum, or Hooded Matweed.

petalous.-STAM. filaments five; anthers erect.–Pist. | LYING (Mil.) a term equivalent to stationed. - In lying, germ roundish; style simple; stigma bifid.--Pen. berry an epithet for pickets confined within the immediate line roundish; seeds several.

of intrenchment, in distinction from-Out lying, or those Species. The species are shrubs, as the Lycium africum which do duty without the confines of the camp, or town. Jasininoides, seu Rhamnus, African Box Thorn. -Out lyers is also the name of those soldi

who, among Lycium boerhaarviæfolium, seu Ehretia, Glaucous-leaved the Guards, used to be permitted to work, on condition Box Thorn.- Lycium Japonicum, Japan Box Thorn. of leaving their pay in the hands and at the service of the Lycium barbarum, Willow-leaved Box Thorn, &c. Clus. captain during their absence. Hist.; Dod. Pempt.; Bauh. Hist., Bauh. Pin.; Ger. LYME-GRASS (Bot.) the Elymus of Linnæus, a perennial

. Herb.; Park. Theat. Bot.; Raii Hist.; Tourn. Inst. LYME'XYLON (Ent.) a name given by Fabricius to a diLycium is also the Arduina spinosa of Linnæus.

vision of the genus Cantharis, comprehending those inLYCO'CTONUM (Bot.) a species of the Aconitum.

sects of this tribe which have their fore feelers projecting. LYCO'GALA (Bot.) the Mucor of Linnæus.

LYMPHA (Anat.) a clear limpid humour separated from LYCOPERDA'STRUM (Bot.) or Lycoperdoides ; a species the blood, and carried by the lymphatic vessels into the of the Lycoperdon of Linnæus.

thoracic duct, where it mixes with the chyle. The lymph LYCOPE'RDON (Bot.) a genus of Fungi, Class 24 Cryp is colourless, rather viscid, and specifically heavier than togamia, Order 6 Fungi.

water. Its constituent parts are principally albuminous LYCOPODIUM (Bot.) a genus of Mosses.

water and common salt. LYCO'PSIS (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 5 Pentandria, || LYMPHA’TICS (Anat.) or lymphatic vessels, are the abOrder 1 Monogynia.

sorbent vessels that convey the lymph into the thoracic Generic Character. Cal. perianth five-parted.—Cor. petal duct, and form, with the lacteals, what is called the ab

one.-Stam. filaments five; anthers small.-Pist. germs sorbent system. The use of these vessels is to draw in small; style filiform; stigma blunt.-Per. none; seeds by a capillary attraction the fluids contained in the circumfour.

jacent cavities. Species. The species are mostly annuals, as the-Lycopsis | LY'NCHET (Husband.) a line of green sward that sepa

vesicaria, seu Buglossum, Bladder-podded Wild Bugloss. rates ploughied lands from each other.
-Lycopsis variegata, seu Anchusa, Variegated Wild LYNCOURION (Min.) from denkt, the lynx, and špor, urine ;
Bugloss.-Lycopsis arvensis Echioides, seu Echium, Small a sort of stone so called, because it is said to be con.
Wild Bugloss; but the- Lycopsis pulla, Dark-flowered creted by the urine of the lynx. Theophrast. de Lapida;
Wild Bugloss, and the Lycopsis virginiaca, Virginian Dioscor. 1.2, c. 100; Plin. 1.8, c. 38.
Wild Bugloss, are perennials. Clus. Hist.; Dod. Pempt.; LYNX (Zool.) a ferocious animal which resembles the wild
Bauh. Hist.; Bauh. Pin. ; Ger. Herb.; Park. Theat. cat in its habits.
Bot.; Raii Hist. ; Tourn. Inst.

LYON King at arms (Her.) a Scottish herald who takes his LYCOPUS (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 2 Diandria, title from the armorial bearing of the Scottish King, namely, Order 1 Monogynia.

the lion rampant. Generic Character. CAL. perianth one-leaved. Cor.petal LY'RA (Ant.) Lyre; a stringed instrument of great an.

« ForrigeFortsett »