tiquity, the invention of which is attributed by some to
Mercury, by others to Apollo, by others to Orpheus,
Linus, and Amphion, successively. It is said to have
been originally formed of a tortoise-shell, whence it is
sometimes called testudo. It was mounted with seven
strings, sometimes six, and even sewer, to
which was added a jugum, to contract and
loosen the tension. It differed also in shape
at different periods of time; but its form, in
general, bore some resemblance to a guitar,
as may be seen from the annexed figure of
the lyre represented on a medal, and emblematical of

LY'RIC POETRY (Poet.) was such as the ancients sung to

the lyre, or harp, which was originally employed in cele-
brating the praises of gods and heroes. Ii was much cul-
tivated by the Greeks, particularly Anacreon, Alcæus,
and Sappho; but among the Romans, Horace was the

first and principal Lyric poet. LYRO'DI (Ant.) a kind of musicians among the ancients,

who played on the lyre and sung at the same time. LYSANDRIA (Ant.) avoceodpesce ; a Samian festival cele

brated with sacrifices and games in honour of Lysander,

the Lacedemonian admiral. Plut. in Lysand. LYSIMACHIA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 5 Pentan.

dria, Order 1 Monogynia.
Generic Character. CAL. perianth five-parted.-Cor. petal

one.-Stam. filaments five; anthers acuminate.- Pist.
germ roundish; style filiform; stigma obtuse. - PER. .

capsule globular; seeds many. Species. The species are mostly perennials, as the-Lysi

machia vulgaris, seu Blattaria, Common Loose-strifë.-Lysimachia thyrsiflora, seu Lysimachium, Tufted Loosestrife.-Lysimachia nemorum, seu Anagallis, Wood Loose

strife, or Pimpernel.-Lysimachia Nummularia, seu Hi-
rundinarie, Creeping Loose-strife, or Moneywork; but
the Lysimachia Linum, Centunculus, seu Chamælinum,
Small Loose-strife, and the-Lysimachia Japonica, Japan
Loose-strife, are annuals. Clus. Hist.; Dod. Pempt.;
Bauh. Hist.; Bauh. Pin.; Ger. Herb.; Park. Theat.

Bot. ; Raii Hist.; Tourn. Inst.
LYSIS (Med.) núvis; a loosening or releasing.
LY'SSA (Med.) dúcoa; the madness of a dog, or from the

bite of any venomous creature.
LYTERIA (Med.) aurupuce; a sign of the loosening of a

great disease.
LYTHRUM (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 11 Dodecandria,

Order 1 Monogynia.
Generic Character. CAL. perianth one-leaved.-Cor. petals

six.-STAM. filaments twelve; anthers simple.-Pist.
germ oblong; style awl-shaped; stigma rising.–Per.cap-

sule oblong; seeds small.
Species. The species are mostly perennials, as the-Ly-
thrum Salicaria, seu Pseudolysimachium, Common or
Purple Willow-herb.--Lythrum cuphea, seu Balsanona,
Clammy Willow-herb. - Lythrum Pemphis, seu Man-
gium.-- Lythrum americanum, South American Willow-
herb; but the Lythrum Hyssopifolia, seu Gratiola, Hys-
sop-leaved Willow-herb, and the Lythrum Thymifolia
Petaglossum, seu Polygonum, Thyme-leaved Willow-
herb, &c. are annuals. Clus. Hist.; Dod. Pempt.;
Bauh. Hist.; Bauh. Pin. ; Ger. Herb.; Park. Theat.

Bot. ; Raii Hist.; Tourn. Inst.
LYTTA (Ent.) a genus of insects, Order Coleoptera, having

the antennæ filiform ; feelers four; head inflected and
gibbous; shells soft and flexile. The Lytta vesicatoria,
otherwise called the Cantharis vesicatoria, is the insect
principally used in pharmacy for raising blisters.


M. (Ant.) as an abbreviation, stands for Marcus, Manlius, &c. | MACANDON (Bot.) a coniferous tree of Malabar, the [vide Abbreviations]

fruit of which, when roasted, is good for dysenteries. M. as a numeral, stands for 1000, and with a dash over it, MACAPA'TH (Bot.) Sarsaparilla.

MACARONIC poem (Poet.) a sort of burlesque poetry, thus, M, it stood for a million,

wherein the vernacular words of any language are made to M. (Abbrev.) stands for Magister, as M. A. Magister Artium,

end in a Latin termination. &c. [vide Abbreviations]

MACAROO'N (Cook.) in Italian Macaroni; a sort of sweetMAAS (Com.) or mass, a liquid measure in different parts of meats made of almonds, &c.

Germany and Switzerland, equal to about a pint and a half. MACA'W tree (Bot.) the Cocos aculeata of Linnæus. MAAT (Arith.) a land measure in Holland, equal to about MACAXACOLLIFERA (Bot.) the name of a West Indian 500 square roods.

tree the size of a plum-tree. Raii Hist, Plant. MA'BA

(Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 22 Dioecia, Order 3 MACCA'W (Orn.) or Macaw, a sort of parrot with a long Triandria.

tail, the Psittacus macao of Linnæus. It is above a yard Generic Character. Cal. perianth semitrifid.—Cor. petal long, lives in palm woods, and is easily tamed when young: one. -Stam. filaments three; anthers erect.-Pist. ru

MACE (Bot.) a sort of spice, the middle bark of the diment globular, subsessile in the centre of the flower.

nutmeg, or the Myristica moschata of Linnæus, which pos-Per. drupe oblong; nuts two, oblong.

sesses some of the astringent oily properties of the fruit Species. The single species, the Mabı eliptica, is a tree. itself. MABE'A (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 21 Monoecia, Mace (Polit.) a sort of ornamented staff

' which is borne as Order 7 Polyandria.

an ensign of honour before a magistrate. Generic Character. Cal. perianth one-leaved.-Cor, none.

MACE (Com.) a small gold coin of the East India islands, -STAM. filaments nine; anthers roundish. -Pist. germ worth about 14d. sterling. oblong; style long; stigmas three.-Per. capsule round; MA'CE-GRIEFE (Law) or mace-grefes, such as buy and seed solitary.

sell stolen flesh, knowing the same to be stolen. Leg. Ina Species. The single species, the Mabea Periri, is a shrub.

apud Brompton; Britt. c. 29; Crompt. Just. of Peace, fol, MABOU'JA (Bot.) the hard root of a tree in America, of

193. which the savages made themselves clubs.

MACE-CARIA (Archæol.) the flesh-market, or shambles. 1.

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MACEDONIAN parsley (Bot.) the Bubon macedonicum of || MACROCEPHALUS (Ent.) a sort of insect of the Hemipterou ; Linnæus, a biennial.

Order, which has an inflected snout, and a scutel as long MACEDONIANS (Ecc.) a sect of heretics in the 4th cen as the abdomen. tury, the followers of Macedonius, Bishop of Constanti- MACROCHERA (Ant.) a coat with long sleeves. Lamprid. nople, who denied the divinity of the Holy Ghost. S. in Alex. Sever. c. 33. Athanas. de Spirit ; S. Epiphan. de Hares. 74; S. August. MACROCO'LUM (Ant.) the largest kind of paper for wriHeres. 52; Socrat. Hist. Eccles. I. 3, c. 10; Sozom. Hist. ting on. Plin. l. 13, c. 12. 1. 4, c. 26; Baron. Annal. Ann. 342.

MACROLO'BIUM (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 3 TrianMACEDONISIUM semen (Med.) the seed of the Smyrnium dria, Order 1 Monogynia.

olusatrum, which is said to be astringent and carminative. Generic Character. Cal. perianth double.-Cor. petals MA'CER (Bot.) wééreg, the bark of a tree brought from Bar five.-Stam. filaments four; anthers four-cornered.

bary, which was reckoned very astringent, and efficacious Pist. germ ovate ; seed single. against dysenteries. Dioscor. 1. 1, c. 110. A bark is still Species. The species are trees, as the-Macrolobium Vouimported from Barbary under this name, which is supposed apa, Semira, et Otea. to be the same as the Simarouba, or Quassia simarouba of MACRO'LOGY (Rhet.) a figure of speech which consists in

Linnæus. Raii Hist. Plant.; Juss. Mem.del'Acad. Roy. 1729. a circuity or prolixity of expression. Quintil. I. 8, c. 3; MACER (Lar) mace-bearer; an officer attending the court of Demet. Éloc. I. 7, de Sen. session.

MACRONO'SIA (Med.) from Mosexpòs, long, and város, a disMACERA’TION (Med.) an infusion either with or without ease; a long sickness.

heat, wherein the ingredients are intended to be almost MACROPHYSOCEPHALUS (Med.) from plecexpos, long, wholly dissolved.

quoss, nature, and xsQuan, the head ; one having a head MACHÆ'RION (Surg.) pemaipoi, an amputating knife. præternaturally large. MACHAI'RION (Anat.) the liver of animals. Ruff. Ephes. | MACROPI'PEŘ (Bot.) the Piper longum of Linnæus. de Appell. Part. Corp. hum. I. 1, c. 28.

MACROPNOE'A (Med.) from recerces, long, and miw, to MACHA-MO'NA (Bot.) an African calabash, the pulp of breathe; a difficulty of breathing, or a breathing at long which was used instead of rennet.

intervals. Hippocrat. Epid. 1. 2. MACHICOLLARE (Archæol.) or machiconlare, to make MACTRA (Con.) a genus of testaceous animals, Class

a warlike device, especially over the gate of a castle. Vermes, Order Testacea. 1 Inst. 5.

Generic Character. Animal a tethys; shell bivalve; middle MACHI'NE (Mech.) in Latin machina, from the Greek porno tooth of the hinge complicated.

warn, a contrivance; an engine which, by means of art and Species. These animals inhabit the Cape of Good Hope. contrivance, is made to raise or stop the motion of bodies. MACULÆ (Astron.) dark spots upon the luminous surfaces Machines are either simple or compound.--Simple machines of the sun and moon, and even some of the planets, which are the six mechanical powers ; namely, the Lever, Pulley, are distinguished from the feculæ, or luminous spots. Wheel and Axle, Inclined Plane, Wedge, and Screw.- MACULÆ (Med.) any discolorations in the surface of the Compound machines are those which are composed of the body, or its different parts, which appear in the form of simple.

spots. They are differently denominated according to the Machines are moreover distinguished according to their colour, part affected, &c. as-Maculæ albe, white spots on

uses, as architectural machines, which are employed in the eye.-Macula hepaticæ, liver-coloured spots, which architecture, blowing machine, or bellows, electrical ma are principally on the back, breast, &c.—Maculæ latæ, the chine, hydraulic machine, by means of which water is shingles, or erysipelas.-Maculæ matricales, brown spots raised, &c.

with which children are sometimes born.-Macule ocuMACHINE infernal (Mil.) a particular sort of machine used in lorum, specks in the eye.-Macula pestilentes, petechial,

modern warfare for the purpose of blowing up bridges, &c. or purple spots.-Maculæ volaticæ, flying eruptions. MA'CHINIST (Mech.) an inventor or manager of machines. MACU'NA (Bot.) the Dolichos urens of Linnæus. MACHI'NULÆ (Med.) little compositions, or parts of more | MACU'TA (Com.) another name for the cowry in Africa. compound bodies, which by their peculiar configuration | MADABLOTA (Bot.) the Gaertneria racemosa of Linnæus

. are destined to particular offices.

MA'D-APPLE (Bot.) the Solanum molengena of Linnæus. MA'CHLIS (Zool.) a beast, not unlike an elk, mentioned by || MADARO'SIS (Med.) pece drápaois, a falling off of the hairs Pliny. Hist. Nat. 1. 8, c. 15.

of the eye-lid. Hippocrat. de Humor.; Gorr. Def. Med.; MA'CIA (Bot.) the Anagallis of Linnæus.

Foes. Oeconom. Hippocrat. MA'CKENBOY (Bot.) a sort of spurge.

MA'DDER (Bot.) the Rubia, an annual. MACKAREL (Ich.) a well-known fish, the Scomber of Lin- || MADE-BLOCK (Mar.) a block which has its shell made of

næus, which visits the shores of the ocean during the several pieces of elm plank, suited to the thickness of the summer season in vast shoals. When just taken out of the cheeks. water it emits a phosphoric light, and soon dies. This fish MADEI'RA (Com.) a rich wine made in the island of Ma. is easily taken with the bait, but the best time is during a deira, fresh gale of wind, on that account termed a mackarel gale. MADELION (Bot.) vide Bdelium. The garum of the Romans was made principally from this MADONNI'NA (Cóm.) a silver coin of Genoa, worth about fish. (vide Garum]

8d. sterling TO MACKLE (Com.) to sell weavers' goods to shopkeepers. MA'DOR (Med.) vide Ephidrosis. MACO'CKI (Bot.) the Virginian pumpion. Raii Hist. MADREPO'RA (Con.) madrepore, a genus of animals, Class Plant.

Vermes, Order Testacea. MACO'CQUER (Bot.) a species of the Macocki. Raii Hist. Generic Character Animal resembling a Medusa ; coral MACOU'NA (Bot.) a sort of kidney-bean. Raii Hist. Plant. with lamelated star-shaped cavities. MACROCA'RPOŃ (Bot.) the Artocarpus integrifolia of Species. This tribe of animals inhabit the European seas, Linnæus.

adhering to marine vegetables and the softer zoophytes. MACROCEPHALUS (Anat.) from nexpes, long, and repair, MA'DRIER (Fort.) a long plank of wood armed with iron

the head; an epithet for one whose head is of a length plates, and used to cover the mouth of a petard, and for disproportionate to his body.

several other purposes.


MADRIGAL (Mus.) a particular kind of vocal music, for Usher. [vide Admissionales] - Magister Auctionis, the

merly very much in request, some for two, three, four, or principal creditor, who was appointed as assignee to the more voices.

debtor's effects. Cic. ad Attic, 1. 1, ep. 1 ; de Orat. I. 1, MA'D-WORT (Bot.) or Mad-apple, the Alyssum of Lin C. 57.-Magister Collegii, Master, or Head of a college.næus, a perennial.

- Magister curiæ, he who was appointed to distribute MÆA'NDER (Archit.) a fretwork in arched roofs, or carved money among the tribes in the name of the candidate. cranks in vaults and caves.

Magister equitum, Master of the Horse, an officer among MÆMACTERIA (Ant.) pecesu axtúpect, solemn sacrifices of the Romans, who was chosen by, and subordinate to, the

fered by the Athenians in the month Mæmacterion to Ju Dictator. Varro de Ling. Lat. 1. 4, c. 14; Liv. I. 4, piter, surnamed was quéxtas, i. e. according to Plutarch, c. 13, &c. - Magister navium, master, or captain of a puesné yoos, propitious, in order to induce him to send good vessel, &c. weather.

MA'GISTERY (Chem.) magisterium, a name given by the MÆMACTE'RION (Ant.) peaspetxetupsar, an Athenian month ancient chemists to certain white and very light precipi

of twenty-nine days, so called from the festival Mærnac tates, which were so called because they were supposed to teria. It answered to the Roman October.

be exquisitely subtle preparations procured by a masterly MÆMA'CYLON (Bot.) vide Arbutus.

process. MÆNA (Ich.) warri, a sort of fish which, according to Aris- MAGISTRACY (Polit.) the office and dignity of a magis

totle, changed its colour at different seasons, being white trate; also the whole body of the magistrates collectively. in winter and black in summer. Aristot. Hist. Anim. 1. 8, || MAGISTRA'LIS (Med.) another name for a temporary mec. 34; Plin. 1. 9, c. 26; Ælian. Hist. Anim. I. 12, c. 48. dicine, or one that is made in the shops for present use. It was a sort of herring, which was much used as a pickle, | MAGISTRA'NTIA (Bot.) the same as Master-wort. and is supposed by Rondeletius to answer to the fish called MAGISTRATE (Polit.) from the Latin magistratus, and

by the Italians Menola. Rondelet. de Pis. I. 5, c. 13. magister, Master; a name given to such as are invested MÆNOMENON-MEL (Nat.) a sort of honey, which was with authority for the administration of justice, or the

supposed to create madness in those who ate of it. Plin. management of the public concerns. 1. 21, c. 13.

MA'GMA (Chem.) wééry pure, the dregs that are left after the MAESTO'SO (Mus.) or maestuso, an Italian term signifying straining of juices.

majestic, and applied to the performance which is executed MAGNA Assisa eligenda (Law) a writ directed to the sheriff to with pomp and grandeur.

summon four lawful Knights before the Justices of Assize, MAGADES (Mus.) a sort of pipe which sent forth both an

upon their oaths, to choose twelve Knights of the viciacute and a grave sound. Athen. I. 4.

nage, &c. to pass upon the great assize between the plaintiff MA'GALAIZE (Min.) a shining mineral like antimony. and the defendant. Reg. Orig. 8.-Magna Charta, the MAGAZI'NE (Com.) a warehouse for all sorts of merchan Great Charter of Liberties, as it is called, either on acdize and commodities.

count of the excellence of its laws, or to distinguish it MAGAZINE (Mil.) a storehouse for arms and ammunition of from the Charter of the Forest. The charter, which now

goes under this name, was granted by Henry III. in the MA'G BOTE (Law) from the Saxon meg, a kinsman, and ninth year of his reign.- Magna Precaria, a great reap

bote, a compensation; a compensation anciently made in day, upon which the Lord of the Manor of Harrow, in money for killing a kinsman. Leg. Canut. apud Brompton. Middlesex, used to summon his tenants, to do each a day's MAGDALEON (Med.) a roll of plaister or salve.

work for him; every tenant who had a chimney being MAGELLANIC Clouds (Astron.) whitish appearances, like obliged to send a man.

douds, having the same apparent motion as the stars. MAGNA Centum (Com.) the great hundred, or six score.

They are about eleven degrees distant from the South Pole. | MAGNES (Min.) pestyverns, from Magnesia, a town in Lydia; MA'GGIO (Com.) an Italian corn measure containing about it was otherwise called “Ηράκλειος λίθος, and Ηρακλιωτίς, from one bushe) and a half English.

Heraclea, another town of Lydia ; a stone well known by the MAGGIORE (Mus.) an Italian epithet in music books sig. name of the magnet, or loadstone, the attractive

powers of nifying greater.

which are spoken of by the ancients; whence it was likeMAGGOT (Ent.) the vulgar name for the larva of flies and wise called od opitis, because it attracted iron. Dioscor. bees.

1. 5, c. 148; Plin. I. 36, c. 16; Isid. Orig. 1. 16, c. 4 ; MAGIC, in Latin magia, and Greek usyoxò, from péyos, a Tzetz. Chiliad. 6, v, 627; Marbod. de Pret. Lapid. c. 43 ;

Persian soothsayer; the black art, or dealing with familiar Aldrov. Mus. Metall. spirits.- Natural magic, another name for Natural Philo- Magnes arsenicalis (Chem.) arsenical magnet, a composition sophy.

of antimony, sulphur, and arsenic mixed together, in equal Magic, an epithet for what appertains to magic, or the parts, and melted into a glassy substance.—Magnes Épi

wonderful art; as-Magic lanthorn, a little optical machine, lepsiæ, native Cinnabar. by means of which are represented, on a wall in an ob- MAGNE'SIA (Alchem.) the matter of the philosopher's scure place, many strange figures, which seem as if they stone, or sulphur ; also melted tin, with which mercury were brought there by the effect of magic.-Magic Square, is incorporated so as to form a brittle mass ; sometimes a a square so divided into parallel and equal

mixture of silver and mercury, and a very fusible metal, spaces that the sums of each

any 4 9 2

called magnesia philosophorum. way, whether directly, or obliquely, shall

MAGNESIA (Chem.) or Magnesia alba, a white spongy powder, be all equal, as in the annexed figure, 3 5 7 soft to the touch, and perfectly tasteless, which is a sort where the sum of all the rows is 15. The

of earth, not found pure in nature, but extracted from magic Square of Squares, and the magic

8 / 1 6 Talc, Steatite, Asbestus, Boracite, and other stones. MagCircle of Circles, are an extension of this

nesia is the base of several salts; as the Sulphate of Magdevice, which was contrived by Dr. Franklin,

nesia, better known by the name of Epsom salts; Nitrate MA'GISTER (Ant.) in Greek érigétis, was a title, or name of of Magnesia ; Carbonate of Magnesia, &c.

power, or authority, among the ancients, particularly the MAGNESIA (Min.) vide Magnesium. Romans, by whom it was distinguished variously, as— MAGNE'SIUM (Min.) or Magnesia, in English Manganese ; Magister admissionum, the Master of the ceremonies, or an a fossil ferruginous metallic substance, so called, according



use of

to Boyle, from its resemblance to the magnet, is a genus | MAHOGANY (Bot.) this beautiful wood is procured from of metals in the Linnean system.

the Swietenia mahogani of Linnæus; the bark of which MAG'NET (Min.) in Latin Magnes [vide Magnes], other resembles the Peruvian bark in appearance and qualities.

wise called magnetic iron stone, or magnetic iron ore, the MAHO'NE (Mar.) a Turkish ship of great burden, someferrum selectum, &c. of Linnæus, is a muddy iron ore, thing like a galeas. 'in which the iron is so modified as to afford a passage to a MAHU'RIA (Bot.) the Bonnetia mahuria of Linnæus. Auid called the magnetic fluida The most remarkable pro- | MAI'A (Ich.) a kind of sea-crab. Plin. l. 9, c. 32. perties of the magnet are that of attracting iron, oi point- MAIA'NTHEMUM (Bot.) the Convolvularia bifolia. ing itself towards the poles of the world, and giving the MAI'DEN (Mech.) a machine formerly used in Scotland for same property to the needle which is touched by it. beheading criminals. Armed magnet denotes one that is capped, cased, or set in | MAIDEN Assizes (Law) assizes at which no person is con. iron, to make it take up a greater weight, and also more demned to die. Maiden Rents, a noble paid by every readily to distinguish its poles.-- Artificial magnet, or load tenant in Builth, in the county of Radnor, at their mar. stone, a bar of iron, or steel, impregnated with the magnetic riage. virtue so as to possess all the properties of the natural load- MAIDEN-HAIR (Bot.) the Adiantum of Linnæus. - Maidenstone.

Plum, the Comocladia integrifolia. MAGNETIC (Nat.) an epithet for what belongs to the MAIDENÄS-HEA'D (Her.) a term for the head and neck magnet, as magnetic attraction, &c.

of a woman, couped below the breast; the head being MAGNETIC amplitude (Astron.) an arc of the horizon inter wreathed with a garland of roses, and crowned with an

cepted between the Sun in his rising, or setting, and the antique coronet. East and West points of the compass. - Magnetic azimuth, MAIGRA'GIUM (Archæol.) a brazier's shop. an arc of the horizon intercepted between the magnetical | MAID- JA’RIAN (Archæol.) a kind of dance, so called Meridian and the Sun's azimuth circle.

from a hoy dressed in girl's clothes to dance the morisco, MAGNETISM (Nat.) the property which iron possesses of or morice dance.

attracting, or repelling, other portions of iron, according to MAJE'STAS (Ant.) a title among the Romans, which was circumstances. - Animal magnetism, a sympathy lately sup at first applied to the whole body of the Roman people, posed to exist between the magnet and the human body,

but was afterwards transferred to the Emperors.- Majesby means of which diseases might be cured without any tatis læse crimen, High Treason.

sensible operation ; but this opinion was soon exploded. MAI'HEM (Law) or Mayhem, from the French Mehaigne, MAGNIFICAT (Ecc.) the song of the Blessed Virgin Mary, i. e. membri mutilationem ; a main wound, or corporeal so called from the word with which it begins.

hurt, by which a man loseth the

any menber proper MAGNIFICI (Lit.) a title given to the governors of Uni for his defence in fight. Glanv. I. 4, c. 7; Bract. l. 3, versities in Germany.

tract. 2; Britt. c. 25; Staundf. Plac. Cor. l. 1, c. 41; MAGNI/FICO (Poliť.) a nobleman of Venice.

3 Inst. 62. MAGNIFYING Glass (Opt.) a familiar name for either a MAII Inductio (Archæol.) an ancient custom for the priest

convex lens, or the microscope, which exhibit objects greater and people of country villages, to go in procession to some than they are in nature.

adjoining, wood on a May-Day morning, and return with MA'GNITUDE (Geom.) a continued quantity consisting of a Maypole, boughs of flowers, and other tokens of the lines, angles, bodies, &c.

spring: NIAGNITUDE (Astron.) the relative size of the stars as MAIL (Mil.) a coat of mail, so called from the French

they appear to an observer on the earth. [vide Astronomy] maille, signifying an iron ring for the armour. MAGNO'LIA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 13 Polyandria, MAIL (Law) a leathern bag, or trunk, for the conveyance of Order 7 Polygynia.

letters. Generic Character. Cal. perianth three-leaved. - Cor. MAIL-ANSCHI (Bot.) the Lawsonia spinosa.

petals nine.-STAM. filaments numerous ; anthers linear. | MAIL-E'LOU (Bot.) a Malabar tree, from the bruised -Pist. germs numerous; styles recurved; stigmas villose. leaves and bark of which is prepared an apozem good for - Per. capsule ovate; seeds one or two.

expelling the secondines and promoting the lochia in childSpecies. The species are trees, as the- Magnolia glauca, bed women. Raii Hist. Plant.

seu Laurus, Swamp Magnolia.- Magnolia obovata, seu MAILE (Mum.) a silver halfpenny in the time of Henry ";

Nokkwuren.Magnolia tomentosa, seu Mitsmata, fc. also a base coin in France valued at half a denier. MAGO'T (Zool.) a sort of ape which is deformed, dirty, MAILED (Her.) speckled, or full of specks, as the feathers and inelancholy.

of hawks, partridges, &c. MAGPIE (Orn.) a variegated bird of the crow tribe, the MAILLE (Com.) a small French weight equal to about

Corvus pica of Linnæus. It is restless and noisy, but may fourteen grains. be easily tamed and taught to imitate the human voice. MAILLS and Duties (Law) the rents of an estate in the MAGY'DARIS (Bot.) pace rudepic, the sced, or leaf, of the Scotch law, whether in money or victuals.

herh laserpitium. Theophrast. Hist. Plant. 1.6, c. 3; Poll. MAI'THES (Bot.) the Adonis autumnalis of Linnæus. Onom. 1. 6, c. 10; Plin. 1. 19, c. 3; Gal. Exeges. Voscab. | MAIM (Law) vide Mayhem. Hippocrat.

MAIN (Sport.) from the French main, the hand; as to set MAHBUB (Com.) a Turkish gold coin answering to the sequin. a main, or to throw a main, to play with a box and dice. MAHÆ' (Bot.) the Hibiscus of Linnæus.

MAIN (Mil.) from the Latin magnus, signifies principal; as MAHEM (Law) vide Mayhem.

Main Body, the body which marches between the advance MAHE'RNIA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 5 Pentan and rear-guard; and, in a camp, that which lies between dria, Order 5 Pentagynia.

the two wings.-Main-Guard, a body of horse posted beGeneric Character. CAL. perianth one-leaved. - Cor. fore the camp for the safety of the army; in a garrison, it

getals five. - STAM. filaments five; anthers oblong. is that guard to which all the rest are subordinate. - Pist. germ obovate; styles five ; stigmas simple.- Main (Mar.) an epithet for whatever is principal, in disPer. capsule ovate; seed few.

tinction from what is inferior and secondary in a vessel, as Species. The species are shrubs, as the Mahernia pinnata, -Main-Breadth, the broadest part of the ship at any parKetmia, seu Cistoides, &c.

ticular frame.- Main-Keel, distinguished from the false

keel.-Main-Mast, a long piece of round timber standing | MAJORA'NA (Bot.) the Origanum majorana of Linnæus. upright in the waist, or middle of the ship, which carries the MAJORITY (Law) 1. The state of being of full age. 2. A main-sail and main-yard. ---Main-Post, the same with stern

superiority of voices either for or against any question. post.-Main-Sail, the sail belonging to the main-mast.- || MAISON de Dieu (Law) an hospital for sick persons. Main-Sheet-Block, the sheet tackle of main-sail-booms of 39 Eliz. c. 5. small vessels. — Main-Tackle, a large strong tackle hooked | MAISU'RA (Archæol.) a house, or mansion. occasionally upon the main-pendant. — Main-Top-Mast, | MAJUS Jus (Law) a writ of proceeding in some customary a mast that is one half the length of the main-mast. manor for the trial of right to land, &c. Dlain-top-Gallant-Mast is half the length of the mast. MAIZE (Bot.) a sort of Indian wheat. Main- Yard, the yard which belongs to the main-mast.

MAKE-HAWK (Falcon.) an old stanch hawk, who, being MAIN-HAMPER (Mech.) or hand-basket, a basket to carry used to fly, is fit to instruct a young one. grapes to the press.

TO MAKE (Mar.) a term variously used in sea phrases; as MAIN-KEEL (Mar.) vide Main.

To make land," to discover it at a distance.“ To make MAINE-PORT (Law) a small duty paid in some places in sail,” to increase the quantity of sail. “ To make water," to

recompence of small tithes by the parishioners to the parson. leak. « To make foul water," to render the water muddy MAINOVRE (Law) from the French main, the hand, and by coming near the bottom with the keel of the ship.

cuvre, work; some trespass committed by a man's hand. TO MAKE (Law) to perform, or execute, as “ To make his Stat. 7 Rich. 2, c. 4; Britt. 62.

law,” i. e. to perform that law which a man has formally MAI'NOUR (Law) from the French manier, Latin manu bound himself to, or to clear himself of an action com

tractare, i. e. to take by the hand; the thing taken away menced against him by his oath and the oath of his neighwhich is found in the hand of the person who stole it. bours. Old. Nat. Brev. 161; Kitchen, 192. “ To make Standf. Plac. Cor. fol. 179; Manni. Forest Laws; 4 Inst. services and customs," i. e. to perform them. Old. Nat. 289.

Brev. 14. MAINPE'RNABLE (Law) bailable, an epithet for an offence | MA'KING-IRON (Mech.) a kind of chisel used by calkers that may be bailed. Slat. West. 1, 3 Ed. 1, c. 15.

for driving oakum into the seams of ships. MAINPERNORS (Law) the sureties, or those persons to MALA (Archæol.) a mail, or postmail; a bag to carry

whom a person is delivered out of custody upon main letters, &c. prize.

MALA-ARMENIACA (Bot.) the Prunus armeniaca of MAINPRIZE (Law) in Latin manucaptio, from the French Linnæus.- Mala gensia, the Averrhoa carambola.--Mala

main, the hand, and pris, taken ; the taking, or receiving, insana, the Solanum Melongena. a person into friendly custody, who otherwise might be MA'LABAR-NIGHTSHADE (Bot.) the Basella of Linnæus. committed to prison. [vide Bailment]

-Malabar-Nut, the Justicia adhatoda. MAINTAI'NOR (Law) or upholder, one who maintains an MALABA'THRI oleum (Nat.) Oil of Cassia lignea. other in any suit at law. Stat. 19 Hen. 7, c. 14.

MALABATHRINUM (Med.) Met na Bábpuvev, ointment of MaMAINTENÁNCE (Law) an unjust or wrongful upholding Jabathrum. Dioscor. 1. 1, c. 76.

another in a cause. 32 Hen. 8, c. 9; Co. Lit. 368; Reg. || MALABA'THRUM (Bot.) peceace Bélpor, the leaf of the InOrig. 182.

dian spikenard. Dioscor. l. 1, c. 11. It is now called the MAINTENANCE, Cap of (Her.) vide Cap.

leaf of the Laurus cassia. MA'JOR (Law) a person arrived at fúll age, in distinction MALACCA PELA (Bot.) the Psidium pomiferum of Lin

from a minor.--Major Domo, a master of the household. næus.- Malacca scambu, a species of the Eugenia. MAJOR (Mil.) a superior officer in the army, who is variously | MALACHITE (Met.) a sort of copper, the Cuprum ærugo

denominated according to the functions he has to perform, of Linnæus. or the rank he holds. - Major-General, the officer who is MALACHODE'NDRUM (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 16 the next in command to the General and Lieutenant-Gene Monadelphia, Order 8 Polyandria. ral; when there are two attacks at a siege, he commands Generic Character. CAL. perianth one-leaved. - Cor. that on the left.--Major of a Regiment, the next officer to petals five.Sram. filaments numerous; anthers kidneythe Lieutenant-Colonel, whose duty it is to exercise and form. - Pist. germ pear-shaped; styles five; stigmas draw up the men, &c.-Major of a Brigade, either of globular.- Per. capsules five; sced solitary. horse or foot, an officer appointed by the brigadier to assist Species. The species are the Malachodendrum corchoroi. him in the business of his brigade.- Major of a town, the des, Stewartia, seu Sida.--Malachodendrum ovatum, &c. third officer of a garrison, and next to the deputy-go- | MALACHOLITE (Min.) a sort of vitreous


stone vernor.-Aid-Major, one who is appointed to act on sundry of the shorl kind, found on the island of Sky in Scotland. occasions, as major,

MA'LACHRA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 16 MonnMAJOR is also the name for other ranks inferior to the above, delphia, Order 8 Polyandria.

as-Serjeant-Major, a non-commissioned officer subordi Generic Character. Cal. common. Con. proper.nate to the adjutant.–Drum-Major, the first drummer in Stam. filaments many; anthers kidney-form. ---Pist. the regiment, who has the same authority over the drum germs orbicular ; style cylindric; stigma globular.- Per. mers as the corporal has over his squad.— Fife Major, he capsule roundish ; seeds solitary. who plays the best on the fife, and has the same authority Species. The species are the-Malachra capitata, Sida,

over the fifers as the drum-major has over the drummers. seu Malva, Heart-leaved Malachra.- Malachra radiata, MAJOR (Mus.) and Minor, are spoken of the concords seu Alcea, &c. which differ from each other by a semitone.

MALA'CIA (Med.) vide Pica. MAJOR (Logic.) that term in a proposition is called the major || MALACODE'RMOS (Anat.) from parexos, soft, and dipura,

which expresses the predicate, in distinction from the the skin ; an epithet for such animals as have a soft skin. minor term, which is the subject; as “ Man is an animal:" || MALACO'STEON (Med.) from pouensexos, soft, and óstov, man is the minor, and animal, the predicate, is the major. a bone; softness of the bones. In a syllogisin, the major proposition is that premise in MALA'CTICA (Med.) paraxtinde

, from pinkron, to soften ; which the middle term is compared with the major; and emollient medicines. the minor proposition, that in which it is compared with MAL-ADMINISTRATION (Polit.) misdemeanor in public the minor.' [vide Logic]

employments, or a bad management of public concerns. VOL. II.

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