Sidebilder
PDF
ePub

by files.

næus.

TO LEAD a rope (Mar.) to guide or pass it.

otherwise it is more properly called an assignment. He LEA'DER (Mil.) the same as a commander.-File-leader, that letteth is called the Lessor, and he to whom the lands, the front man of a battalion standing two deep.

&c. are let is the Lessee. Leases are made either in writLE'ADING column (Mil.) the first column that advances ing or by word of mouth, the latter of which are called from the right, left, or centre of a battalion, &c.—Leading

Parol-Leases. file, the first two men of a battalion or company marching LEASH (Falcon.) a leather thong by which a falconer holds

his hawk. LEADING (Mar.) a term used in some sea phrases, as-Lead-|| Leash (Sport.) the number three, as a Leash of greyhounds,

ing part, that part of a tackle which is hauled upon.-Lead birds, &c.-Leash Laws, laws to be observed in hunting ing ships of a fleet, those that are the first in the order of or coursing battle or of sailing.-Leading wind, a free or fair wind, in LEA'SING-MAKING (Law) slanderous and untrue speeches distinction to a scant wind.

to the disdain, reproach, and contempt of the King, his LEAD, red (Chem.) vide Lead.

council, and proceedings. LEA'DSMAN (Mar.) in French homme de la sonde, the man LEAT of a Mill (Mech.) a trench for carrying water to or who heaves the lead.

from a mill. LEAD, rvhite (Chem.) vide Lead.

LEA'THERING (Mar.) leather fitted close round the cirLEAF (Vet.) a distemper in young lambs caused by feeding cular holes of caps, &c. on leaves.

LEATHERSELLERS, Company of (Her.) This LEAF (Bot.) folium, the production and prolongation of the company was incorporated in 1382, and con

ascending stem, which is a membranaceous and sometimes sists of a master, 3 wardens, 26 assistants, and a succulent body. Leaves are distinguished generally into 167 liverymen. Their armorial ensigns are, simple and compound.-Simple leaves are, according to " Field argent, three bucks regardant gules," their apex, acute, acuminate, mucronate, præmorse, trun as in the annexed figure. cated, cleft, &c.; in respect to the base, heart-shaped, || LEATHERWOOD (Bot.) the Dircæa palustris of Linkidney-shaped, spear-shaped, ear-shaped, &c.; in respect to their circumference, orbicular, ovate, oval, oblong, para- | LEAVE of Absence (Mil.) a permission granted to the officers bolic, spatulate, rhombic, sword shaped, lanceolate, linear, or privates to be absent from camp or quarters for a certain capillary, awl-shaped, triangular, palmated, &c.; in respect time.- General Leave is an indulgence granted annually to to their margin, quite entire, fringed, serrate, crenate, a certain portion of the army to be absent during the toothed; in respect to their surface, aculeate, bullate, winter months.-A Regimental Leave is a leave granted by veined, wrinkled, channelled, curled, ribbed, nerved, ner the commanding officer of the regiment, which is more veless, &c.—Compound leaves are such as have several limited than the general leave. leaflets supported by one foot-stalk, of which there are | LEAVEN (Cook.) a piece of dough salted, and soured to

different kinds, as binate, bigeminate, &c. [vide Botany] ferment the whole lump. LEAF (Mech.) a term applied to the notches in the pinions of LEAVER (Mech.) vide Lever. watches and clocks.

LE'BBECK (Bot.) the Mimosa lebbeck of Linnæus. Leaf Gold (Mech.) fine gold beaten into plates of exceeding LECA'NOMANCY (Ant.) noxcrowavtsiz, a sort of divination thinness.

by water, so called from savn, the bason in which it was LEAF Silver (Law) a fine anciently paid by a tenant to his contained. Three stones being thrown into the bason of lord for leave to plough and sow.

water, the diviner marked their situation, and having inLEAF Silver (Mech.) silver beat thin into leaves.

voked the dæmon in a set form, he proposed the question, LEAGUE (Geog.) a measure three miles in length, com to which an answer was returned in a small voice, like a monly used in the measurement of sea-distances.

hiss. League (Polit.) a treaty of alliance between different states | LECHE'A (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 3 Triandria,

or parties. League is also applied by way of distinction Order 3 Trigynia. to the one set on foot in 1576, to prevent the succession Generic Character. CAL. perianth three-leaved.--Cor. of Henry IV. and oppose the Huguenots. The partizans petals three.---STAM. filaments three; anthers roundish. of this league were called Leaguers.

-Pist. germ ovate; style none; stigmas three.- Per. LE A'GUER (Polit.) a name given to those who took part capsule ovate; seed ovate.

with the league or confederacy in France in the time of Species. The species are, the-Lechea minor capraria, Henry III. and IV.

seu Scoparia, a perennial, native of North America, LEAK (Mar.) signifies generally any hole or chink which and the-Lechea chinensis, an annual, native of China. admits of the water, but is particularly applied to a ship | LECHE'E (Bot.) the Salindus edulis of Linnæus. which is in that condition; whence the phrase “ To spring | LECTICA'RII (Ant.) sedan-men, or those who carried a leak,” when any chink opens so as to admit more water lecticas, i. e. litters. Senec. de Tranquil. 1. 2, c. 15; Suet. than ordinary

in Oth. c. 6. 'The Lecticarii were afterwards those who LEA'KAGE (Com.) an allowance made to merchants for the placed the dead bodies on the lectica, or bier. Pancirol.

leaking or running of vessels, as to brewers, three in twenty Notit. Dignit. Imp. Orient. c. 28; Occid. c. 6.

three barrels of beer, and two in twenty-two barrels of ale. | LECTISTE'RNIA (Ant.) a festival among the Romans, LEAM (Sport.) a line to hold a dog in.

which was so called because the principal part of the cereLEAP (Com.) a measure equal to half a bushel ; also a de mony consisted in laying the statues of the gods on costly vice or net made of twigs for catching fish.

beds or couches, and inviting them to a grand entertain. LEA'P-YEAR (Chron.) any year so called in which a day is ment which was given upon this occasion. According to ‘added more than ordinary: it is otherwise called Bissextile, Livy, the gates of the city were opened, tables every where and recurs every four years in the Julian and Gregorian furnished with victuals, foreigners, whether known or uncalenders. (vide Chronology]

known, were entertained gratis, and all breaches of friendLEASE (Law) a conveyance of any lands or tenements, ship were healed, and private animosities laid aside. Liv,

usually in consideration of rent or other annual recom 1. 5, c. 13; Val. Mar. 1. 2, c.l; Gyrald. Syntag. Deor. 1. 18, pence

made for any term of years, at will, provided it be p. 504; Ursat. de Not. Rom. aprid Græv. Thesaur. Antiq. less than the time which the lessor hath in the premises, Roman. tom. ii. p. 695.

LECTISTE'RNIUM (Med.) the apparatus which is neces- || LEE'A (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 5 Pentandria, Order sary for the cure of a sick person in bed.

1 Monogynia. LECTUAL (Med.) an epithet for a distemper which requires Generic Character. Cal. perianth one-leaved.—Cor. petal a person to be confined to his bed.

one.—Stam. filaments five; anthers ovate.-Pist. germ LECTURER (Ecc.) a minister who preaches in the after subglobose ; style simple; stigma headed.—PER, capsule

noon, whose remuneration is usually the free gift of the orbiculate; seeds five. people.

Species. The species are the-Leea sambucina, seu AquiLECTU'RNIUM (Archæol.) the reading-desk in a church. licia, Elder-leaved Leea.—Leea aquata, Shrubby Leea. LE'CYTHIS (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 13 Polyandria, -Leea cuspa, Fringe-stalked Leea. Order 1 Monogynia.

LEECH (Ent.) the Hirudo of Linnæus, an insect which is Generic Character. Cal. perianth six-leaved.-Cor. petals well known for its use in bleeding. It is viviparous and

six.-Stam. filaments six ; anthers oblong.–Pist. germ produces but one young at a time. Its head is armed with depressed; style short; stigma conic.-Per.berry round a sharp spike that makes three wounds at once. The two ish; seeds several.

species most used are the Hirudo medicinalis, or Medicinal Species. The species are trees or shrubs, as the-Lecy Leech, which grows to the length of two or three inches ; this jacapuca, seu Jacapucaio, &c. &c.

and the Hirudo sanguisuga, or Horse Leech, which is larger LEDGE (Geog.) a long ridge of rocks near the surface of than the former. According to Pliny, if this leech leave the sea.

its head in the wound it inevitably kills the person. Plin. LE'DGER (Com.) from the Latin legere, to gather; the chief 1. 32, c. 10.

book used in merchants? accounts, wherein every man's || LEECHES of a sail (Mar.) the edges of a sail, which are particular account, and all the different sorts of goods either sloping or perpendicular.-Leech-Lines, in French bought and sold, are distinctly placed.

Cargue-boulines, ropes fastened to the middle of the leeches LE'DGER-LINES (Mus.) lines added to the stave of five of the main-sail and fore-sail.-- Harbour Leech-Lines are lines.

ropes made fast at the middle of the top-sail yards, which LE'DGES (Mar.) small pieces of timber lying athwart from serve to truss the sails up close to the yard.-Leech-Rope,

the west-trees to the roof trees, which serve to bear up the a name given to that part of the bolt rope to which the nettings or gratings over the half-deck.

border or edge is sewed. LEDON (Bot.) a species of Cistus.

LEE'F-SILVER (Law) or Leaf-silver a fine paid by a teLEDUM (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 10 Decandria, nant to his lord for leave to plough and sow. Order 1 Monogynia.

LEEʻFANGE (Mar.) a bar of iron fastened at its extremiGeneric Character. CAL. perianth one-leaved.-Cor. petal ties to the deck upon which the sheets of some fore and

one.-Stam. filaments ten; anthers oblong.- Pist. germ aft sails traverse when tacking. Leefanges are also ropes roundish; style filiform; stigma obtuse. -Per. capsule served into the cringles of the courses, to haul in the botroundish; seeds numerous.

ton of a yacht's or hoy's sails, that the bonnet may be laced Species. The species are shrubs, as the-Ledum palustre, on, or the sails taken in.

Cistus, seu Rosmarium, Marsh Ledum.--Ledum latifo- || LEE'-GAGE (Mar.) vide Lee.
lium, Broad-leaved Ledum.-Ledum buxifolium, Box. LEEK (Bot.) the Allium porrum of Linnæus.
leaved Ledum. Clus. Hist. ; Bauh. Pin.; Ger. Herb.; || LEE-LÙ'RCHES (Mar.) vide Lee.
Park. Theat. Bot.; Raii Hist.

LEER of a Deer (Sport.) from the Teutonic Lager, a camp LEDUM is also a species of Cistus.

or lodge, the place where he lies to dry himself after he LEE (Mar.) a term used differently at sea, either for that has been wet by the dew.

part the wind blows upon, or more generally for that part | LEE'RSIA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 3 Triandria, which is opposite to the wind. Under the lee signifies Order 2 Digynia. farther from that part of the horizon from which the wind Generic Character. CAL. none.-Cor. glume bivalve.blows, as,

“ Under the lee of the land," a short distance Stam. filaments none; anthers oblong.–Pist, germ from the shore which lies in the direction of the wind.

ovate; style two; stigmas feathered.-Per, none; seed A-lee the helm !” an order to put the helm to the lee single. ward side of the ship: “ To lay a ship by the lec," to bring Species. The species are the Leersia oryzoides, Hormaloher so that all her sails may lie flat against the masts and cenchrus, seu Gramen, &c. native of Virginia. shrouds, and the wind come right upon her broadside. LEES (Chem.) the dregs of wine, &c. “ Take care of the lee-hatch,” an order given to the helms- || LEE-SHO'RE (Mar.) vide Lee. man to take care that the ship do not go to the leeward of LEE-SI'DE (Mar.) vide Lee. her course.—Lee-boards, strong frames of plank affixed to LEET (Law) or Court-Leet, from the Latin lites, suits ; a the sides of Aat-bottomed vessels, such as river barges, court of record for the cognizance of criminal matters, or &c. which draw but little water.-Lee-fang, a rope reeved Pleas of the Crown, held before the steward of the Lord and let into the cringles of the courses, to hale in the of the Manor. bottom of a sail.—Lee-gage, in French le dessous du vent, | LEETCH (Mar.) vide Leech. farther from the point whence the wind blows than another LEEWARD (Mar.) or To Leeward, in French sous le vent, vessel.-Lee-lurches, the sudden and violent rolls which a i. e. towards that part of the horizon which is under the ship often takes to the leeward in a high sea.-Lee-shore, lee whither the wind blows. “To fall to leeward" is to near the land when the wind blows on the ship.-Lee-side, lose the advantage of the wind. A Leeward ship, a vessel all that part of a ship which lies between the mast and the that does not sail so near the wind, or make so good a way side farthest from the direction of the wind, in distinction as she should. A Leeward Tide, a tide running in the from the weather-side, which lies to windward of this line. same direction as the wind blows, which is directly conThus if a ship sail southward, with the wind at east, then trary to a tide under the lee, which implies a stream in is her starboard, or right side, the lee-side, and the lar an opposite direction to the wind. Leeward Way, vide board, or left, the weather-side.-Lee-way, or leerard-way, Lee. the lateral movement of a ship to leeward of her course, or LEG (Anat.) in Greek ximpin, in Latin crus or tibia, conthe angle which the line of her way makes with the keel sists of two bones ; nainely, the tibia, Epoxráfusor, a trian. when she is close-hauled.

gular bone, situated at the anterior internal part of the leg,

and the Fibula, repuxvýpsor, a small long bone placed on thica, Scythica, &c.; or from the deities under whose spethe outside of the leg. To these may be added a third, cial protection they had been placed by their commanders, namely, the Rotula or Patella, the Knee-Pan. Jul. Poll. as Minervia, Apollinaris, &c.; from the regions where they Onom. 1. 2, segm. 190; Ruff. Ephes. de Appell. Part. Corp. were quartered, as Britannica, Cretensis, &c.; or, lastly, Hum. 1. 1.

from accidental circumstances, as adjutrix, victrix, &c. LEG (Her.) this member is borne variously in coat armour, Each legion was divided into ten Cohorts, each cohort as couped, erased; sometimes three legs con

into ten Companies, and each company into two Centuries. joined, as in the annexed figure. - Three

The chief commander of the legion was called legatus. legs in armour conjoined, in the fess point

The standards borne were at first a wolf, a hog, a minotaur, spurred and garnished, or.” This is the ar

a horse, a boar, &c.; but all these were finally superseded morial ensign of the Isle of Man, which, ac

by the aquila, or Eagle. [vide Aquila and Militia) cording to Philipot, was the hieroglyphic of

LEGIO'SÚS (Archæol.) litigious. expedition. The introduction of this device

LEGITIMATION (Law) the act whereby children born is attributed to the Sicilians, the ancient possessors of the bastards are rendered lawful children. Isle of Man, by whom it was generally used, as symbolical LEGNA (Ant.) Leyve, the borders of the Toga or Pallium, of the triangular figure of the island.

in distiction from the ora, or extremities. Poll. Onom. 1. 7, LEG (Trigon.) the two sides of a triangle are called the legs, segm. 14; Hesychius.

in distinction from the base. —Hyperbolic Legs are the parts LEGNOTIS (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 13 Polyandria, of a curve line that partake of the nature of the hyper Order 1 Monogynia. bola.

Generic Character. CAL. perianth one-leaved.-Cor. peLEG (Mar.) vide Legs.

tals four.-STAM. filaments sixteen ; anthers oblongLE'GA (Archæol.) alloy of money.

-Pist. germ roundish ; style cylindric; stigma headed. LEGA'BILIS (Law) an epithet for what may be bequeathed - Per. capsule large ; seeds solitary. by legacy, in distinction from what is hereditary.

Species. The two species are trees, as the Legnotis ellipLEGACY (Law) Legatum, a bequest or gift of goods and tica, and the Legnotis cassipourea.

chattels by will or testament. He who makes the bequest LEGRUITA (Archæol.) a fine or punishment for unlawful is called the Testator : he to whom the legacy is left is familiarity with a woman. Doomsday Book. the Legatee. When the legatee dies before the testator, | LEGS (Mar.) small ropes which are put through the boltthe legacy is said to be lapsed or lost. If it be left upon ropes of the main and foresail. any contingent condition, as if left to any one when he LEGU'MEN (Bot.) a species of plants, called in English attains of age, and the like, it is a contingent legacy; but Pulse. The name is derived from lego, to gather, because a legacy left to be paid to any one when he attains of age, this sort of plants may be gathered with the hands without is also called a vested Legacy.

cutting. LEGA'LIS Homo (Law) he who stands rectus in Curia, not || LEIOʻPODES (Anat.) asorodts

, even-footed ; an epithet for out-lawed, excommunicated, or infamous. Leg. Ed. Conf. those whose feet have not the usual hollow, c. 18, apud Brompton.

LEI'PA Archæol.) one who runs away from his service. LEGATÁRY (Law) the same as Legater.

Leg. Hen. 1, c. 43, apud Lambard Archaion. LE'GATE (Ecc.) an'ambassador sent by the Pope, of which | LEIPY'RIA (Med.) a dangerous species of ardent fever,

there were two sorts ; namely, the Legatus a latere, who wherein the internal parts are scorched with heat whilst was an extraordinary ambassador ; and the Legatus natus, the external parts are cold. who had an inferior jurisdiction.

LEI'R WIT (Law) a term which is used for the liberty, LEGATEE' (Law) vide Legacy.

whereby a lord challenged the penalty of one that lay LEGATIO (Ant.) an embassage, the office or condition of unlawfully with his bond-woman. an ambassador or lieutenant. The legatio was either libera LE'ISHED (Her.) an epithet expressing the line which or votiva. Legatio libera was an embassy obtained by passes from the collar of a hound, or any other dog. favour, that one might with more authority manage his own LEMA (Surg.) a white humour collected in the eye. private concerns in the country whither he was sent.-Le- LE'MMA (Math.) anupa, a proposition previously assumed; gatio votiva, the title of an ambassador or lieutenant, which an assumption or preparatory proposition laid down to one purchased in order more honourably to perform a vow clear the way for some following demonstration. that he had made. Cic. ad Fam. l. 10, ep. 1 ; ad Attic. LE'MMING (Zool.) an animal of the mouse tribe, the Mus 1. 15, ep. 8; Suet. in Tib. c. 31.

lemmus of Linnæus. LEGA'TUS (Ant.) a military officer among the Romans | LE'MNA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 21 Monoecia,

who acted as a deputy to the commander in chief, answer Order 2 Diandria.
ing to the Lieutenant-General of the moderns. Cic. ad Generic Character. Cal. one-leaved.

Cor. none. Atlic. 1 15, ep. 2; Cæs. de Bell. Civ. 1. 3, c. 51; Sallust. Stam. filaments two; anthers twin. Pişt. germ ovate; de Bell. Jugurth. ; Liv. 1. 2, c. 59; Aul. Gell. 1. 4, c. 18; style short; stigma obscure. -Per. capsule globose; seeds Sigon. de Jur. Prov. 1. 2, c. 2.

oblong. LEGEM facere (Law) to make law on oath.-Legem habere, Species. The species are annuals, as the-Lemna trisalca, to be capable of giving evidence on oath.

seu Lenticula, Ivy-leaved Duck Meat.-Lemna minor, LEGEND (Numis.) the words that are placed on the edge seu Lens, Least Duck's-Meat, or Duck-Weer.- Lemna of a piece of coin, or of a medal.

polyrhiza, seu Hydrophace, Greater Duck’s-Meat or LEGE'REMENT (Mus.) a French epithet for a light and Duck-Weed. Dod. Pempt.; Bauh. Hist.; Bauh. Pin.; airy performance.

Ger. Herb.; Park. Theat. Bot.; Raii Hist. ; Tourn. LEGION (Ant.) a body, of soldiers in the Roman army, Inst.

consisting of no determinate number, but never exceeding Lemna is also the Marsilea quadrifolia. 6,000 foot, and 300 horse. The legions were distinguished || LEMNIA Terra (Min.) aneuria ññ, Lempian Earth, a fat according to the order in which they were raised into viscid clay, which was so called from the island of Lemprima, secunda, &c.; and were likewise surnamed, from the nos, where it was dug out. It was reckoned a great antiemperors, Augusta, Claudiana, Galbana, &c.; or from the

dote against poisons. Dioscor. l. 5, c. 113 ; Gal. de Meth. provinces which had been conquered by their means, Par. Med. J. 5.

VOL. II.

T

LEMNIA Terra, in the Linnean system, is a species of argil- || LENTI'CULA (Opt.) a small concave or convex glass. laceous earth.

LENTICULA (Med.) a particular kind of eruption which throws LEMNI'SCATE (Geom.) the name of a curve in the form out upon the skin little spots like flea bites. of the figure 8.

Lenticula (Bot.) the Aldrovanda vesiculosa of Linnæus. LEMNI'SCUS (Ant.) Amperíoxos, a label hanging down on LENTICULA'RIA (Bot.) the Lemna arhiza of Linnæus. garlands and crowns.

LE'NTIFORM prominences (Anat.) protuberances on the Auson. Ep. 20, v. 5.

crura medulla oblongata, i.e. the two heads or the beginEt quæ jam dudum tibi palma poetica pollet

ning of the marrowy substance of the brain, gathered as it Lemnisco ornata est ; quo mea palma caret.

were into two bundles. Cic. pro. Rosc. c. 35; Liv. 1. 33, c. 19; Suet. in Ner. c. 25; || LENTI'GO (Med.) a freckly or scurvy eruption upon the

skin. Fest. de Verb. Signif.; Veget. 1. 3, c. 18; Hesychius.

LENTILS (Bot.) a sort of pulse. LE'MON-TREE (Bot.) the Citrus Limon of Linnæus. LEMUR (Zool.) a genus of animals, Class Mammalia, Order LENTI'SCUS (Bot.) the Pistacia lentiscus of Linnæus, a Primates, having four upper fore teeth, and six longer; the LENTO (Mus.) the same as Lent.

tree, the wood of which produces mastich. tusks solitary, and grinders numerous. Some species have a tail, and some have not.

LE'NTOR (Med.) the viscid coagulated part of the blood LEMURES (Ant.) the ghosts or spirits of departed persons

which, in malignant fevers, obstructs the capillary vessels. who were supposed to walk by night, and to haunt houses. LEO (Zool.) the Lion, an animal so nearly allied io the cat Ovid. Fast, I. 5, v. 438.

tribe, that it is classed by Linnæus under the genus

Felis.
Mor etiam Lemures animas direre silenlum,

LEO (Med.) another name for the Llephantiasis.
Varr. de Vit. Pop. Rom. I. 1; Hor. l. 2, epist. 2, v. 209; Leo (Astron.) one of the 48 old constellations, and the fifth
August. de Civ. Dei. 1. 9; Gyrald. Synntag. Deor. 1. 6.

sign in the zodiac, marked thus, 2. Ptolemy reckons 35 LEMU'RIA (Ant.) a Roman festival instituted by Romulus, stars in Leo, including the unformed stars, Tycho 30, and celebrated on the ninth day of May to pacify the Le

Hevelius 49, Flamstead 95. One of them, called Regulus mures, or Manes of the dead. It is otherwise called Re or Cor Leonis, is a star of the first magnitude.—Leo Minor, muria. Ovid. Fast. 1. 5; Ursat. de Not. Roman apud Græv.

a new constellation in the northern hemisphere, which conThes. Antiq. Rom. tom. xi.

tains, in Flamstead's catalogue, 53 stars. LENÆ'A (Ánt.) anoasa, a festival at Athens, in honour of LEONINE Verses (Poet.) a sort of Latin verses which rhyme Bacchus, surnamed Lenæus, celebrated in the month Le

in the middle and the end. næon, with poetical contentions, and other ceremonies. LEO'NIS Cor (Astron.) the Lion's Heart, a star of the first Aristoph. Schol. Equit.; Diog. Laert. in Plat.

magnitude in Leo. LENGTH (Geom.) the first dimension of bodies considered | Leonis Os (Bot.) another name for the Antirrhinum. in their utmost extent.

LEONI'TIS (Bot.) the Phlomis leonitis of Linnæus. Length (Man.) or to passage a horse upon his own length, is | LEONTICA (Ant.) feasts or sacrifices celebrated among to make him go round in two treads, so that the horse's

the ancients in honour of the sun, which they represented length should be equal to the semi-diameter of the volt.

under the form of a lion. The priests who performed the LENITIVES (Med.) softening and soothing medicines.

sacred rites were called Leones. . This feast was sometimes LE'NO (Anat.) the crystalline humour of the eye, so called

called Mithriaca, because Mithra was the name of the sun from its office of drawing the rays of vision into one point. among the Persians. Tertull. adver. Marc. c.14; Hesychius. LENS (Opt.) a piece of glass, or other transparent substance, LEO'NTICE (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 6 Herandria, having its two surfaces so formed that the rays of light,

Order 1 Monogynia. in passing through it, have their direction changed.

Generic Character. Cal. perianth six-leayed.-Cor. peLenses made of glass are either blown or melted, and de

tals six.–Stam. filaments six ; anthers upright.-Pist. nominated according to their form.—Conver, which are

germ ovate; style short; stigma simple.- Per. berry thicker in the middle; these are either plano-conver, if

hollow; seeds few. plane on one side; or double conver, if convex on both Species. The species are bulbs, as the— Leontice chrysosides.-Concave, which are thinner in the middle; these gonum, Oak-leaved Leontice.-Leontice leontopetalum, are plano-concave, if plane on one side ; and concavo-con seu Leontopetalon, Decompound-leaved Leontice, or cave, if concave on both sides.- Meniscus, those which are Lion's-leaf. Bauh. Hist.; Bauh. Pin.; Ger. Herb.; convex on one side, and concave on the other : as in the Park. Theat. Bot.; Raii Hist.

Leontice (Bot.) or Leontopetaloides, the Tacca pinnatifida

of Linnæus. LEO'NTODON (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 19 Synge.

nesia, Order I Polygamia Æqualis. F

Generic Character. Cal, common.Cor. compound.

STAM. filaments five; anthers tubular.–Pist. germ sub

ovate; style filiform; stigma simple. — Per, none; subjoined diagram, where fig. 1 represents the plano-con seeds solitary ; receptacle naked. vex, fig. 2 the double-conver, fig. 3 the plano-concave, fig. 4 Species. The species are perennials, as the Leontodon the concavo-concave, fig. 5 the meniscus. The right line Taxacum Dens leonis, seu Hedypnois, Common DandeFG, drawn perpendicular to the two surfaces, is called the lion.-. Leontodon bulbosum, seu Chonchilla, Bulbous aris of the Lenses.

Dandelion.—Leontodon aureum, seu Hieracium, Golden LENT (Ecc.) a set time for fasting and abstinence during Dandelion. Dod. Pempt.; Bauh. Hist.; Bauh, Pin.; the forty days which immediately precede Easter.

Ger. Herb.; Park. Theat. Bot.; Raii Hist.; Tourn. LENT (Mus.) or lentement, in Italian lento, an epithet denoting Inst. a slow movement.

LEONTODONTOI'DES (Bot.) the Hyoseris foetida of LENTAGO (Bot.) the Viburnun Prunifolium of Linnæus. Linnæus. LENTIBULARIA (Bot.) the Utricularia vulgaris of Lin-LEONTOPETALO affinis (Bot.) the Leontice chrysogonur

of Linnæus. Bauh. Pin.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

G

næus.

Raii Syn.

,

LEONTOPODIUM (Bot.) the Filago Leontopodium of LEPIDOLITE (Min.) a sort of stone of the Mica fa

Linnæus. LEONU'RUS (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 14 Didy- LEPIDO'PTERA (Ent.) the Third Order of Insects in the namia, Order I Gymnospermia.

Linnean system, so called from their having wings imbriGeneric Character. Cal. perianth one-leaved.—Cor. petal

cate with scales. It consists of the three genera, Papilio, one.—Stam. filaments four; anthers oblong.- Pist. Sphinx, and Phalana. germs four ; siyle filiform; stigma bifid.-Per. none; LEPIDOSARCOMA (Med.) from Askis, a scale, and rápt, seeds four.

flesh; an irregular scaly tumour. Species. The species are biennials, as the-Leonurus car LEPIDOPTES (Min.) from notis, a scale; a precious stone

diaca, seu Marrubium, Common Motherwort.-Leonu resembling the scales of a fish. Plin. l. 37, c. 10. rus marrubiastrum, seu Sideritis, Small-flowered Mother- | LEPI'SMA (Ent.) a genus of animals, Class Insecta, Order wort.-Leonurus sibericus, seu Ballote. Dod. Pempt.; Aptera, having a membranaceous lip, a body imbricate Bauh. Hist.; Bauh. Pin.; Ger. Herb.; Park. Theat. with scales, a tail ending in setaceous bristles, and six legs Bot.; Raii Hist.; Tournef. Inst.

formed for running. Animals of this tribe live on sugar, LEONURUS (Bot.) a sort of herb, the Galeopsis galeobdolon becak'NA labia (Anat.) a name given to the upper lip

of Linnæus. LEOPARD (Zool.) vide Leopardus.

when it has a defect in the middle; it is better known by LEOPARD (Her.) there are but few examples of this animal

the name of a Hare-Lip. borne entire in coat armour; but the Leopard's Head, or LEPO'RIUM (Archeol.) a place where hares are kept. the Leopard's Face occurs frequently.—Leopard's Face, | LEʻPRA (Med.) 167cx, from 28tis, a scale; a scurvy eruption the head of the leopard, without any part of the neck, is on the skin, consisting of a dry white scab or scarf. Gal. so blazoned in distinction from the Leopard's Head, which Def. Med.; Paul. Æginet. 1.4, c. 2; Act. de Meth. Med. is the head couped, or erased, at the neck.

1. 2, c. 11. LEOPARD'S Bane (Bot.) the Doronicum of Linnæus, a LEPRA, Leprosy, is arranged, in Cullen's Nosology, under

perennial, which derives its name from its supposed poison the Class Cachexia, Order Impetigines. ous quality.

LEPROSO amovendo (Law) a writ which lies for a parish LEOPARDUS (Zool.) the Leopard, an animal of the feline to remove a leper. Ner. Nat. Brev. 421.

kind, which is so called from leo, a lion, and pardus, in LE’PROSY (Med.) vide Lepra. the Greek zadanos, a panther, because it was supposed to LEPTAC'RIA (Bot.) the Zoegia leptaurea of Linnæus. be born of a lioness and a panther. The word Leopardus || LEPTOCEPHALUS (Ich.) a genus of apodal fishes, first occurs in the writings of those who lived in the age having a small head, and an extremely thin and compressed of Constantine; as Spartianus in Geta, Lampridius in Heli

body. ogabalus, Capitolinus in Gordian III, Vopiscus in Probus, LEPTO'LOGY (Rhet.) Asstorería, from Asztės, small, and Symmachus in his epistles, Ambrosius in his Hexa, Pauli 2évjos, discourse; a discourse on small matters. nus in his life of Ambrosius. Boch. Hieroz. Part. prior. LEPTOSPERMUM (Bot.) a species of Melaleuca. 1. 3, c. 9.

LEPTOSTACHYA (Bot.) the Phryma leptostachya of LinLEOPARDUS, in the Linnean system, the Felis leopardus, is næus.

about four feet in length, of a yellow colour, with annular LEPTUNTICS (Med.) attenuating cutting medicines. black spots.

LEPTURA (Ent.) a genus of animals, Class Insecta, Order LEP and lace (Law) a custom in the manor of Whittle, in Coleoptera, having setaceous antenne, four filiform feelers,

Essex, that every cart, passing over a certain part called shells tapering towards the tip, and a slender thorar. Greenbury, paid four-pence to the lord of the manor, ex LEPUS (Zool.) a genus of animals, Class Mammalia, Order cept it were a nobleman's cart.

Glires, comprehending both the Hare and the Rabbit. LEPA (Archæol.) a measure which contained the third part | Lepus (Astron.) darwòs, one of the forty-eight old constellaof two bushels.

tions in the Southern hemisphere, which was placed near LE'PAS (Con.) the Acorn-Shell, a genus of testaceous Orion, according to the fables of the Greeks, because it

animals; the shell of which is affixed at the base, and was one of the animals which he hunted. Ptolemy reckons consists of many unequal valves. The animal is a Triton 12, Tycho 13, Hevelius 16, and Flamstead 29 stars in and inhabits the European seas.

this constellation. Arat. Phænon.; Eratosthen. Charac.LEPI'DIUM (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 15 Tetrady teris. ; Ptol. 1. 7, c. 5. namia, Order 1 Siliculosa.

LE'RCHEA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 16 Monadelphia, Generic Character. Cal. perianth four-leaved. — Cor. Order 2 Pentandria.

petals four.-Stam. filaments six; anthers simple.—Pist. Generic Character. Cal. perianth one-leaved.- Cor. petal germ heart-shaped; style simple; stigmas obtuse.- Per. one.--Stam. filaments scarce any; anthers five.- Dist. silicle heart-sharped; seed ovate.

germ subovate; style filiform; stigmas obtuse. - Per. Species. The species are mostly annuals, as the-Lepi capsule sub-globose; seeds many.

dium perfoliatum, seu Nasturtium, Various-leaved Pepper Species. The single species is a shrub, as the Lerchea wort.-Lepidium petreum, seu Cardamine, Rock Pepper longicauda, native of the East Indies. wort. Lepidium procumbens, Prostrate Pepper-wort, Lerchea is also the Salsola altissima of Linnæus. &c. But Lepidium alpinum, seu Draba, Alpine Pepper- | LERNE'A (Ant.) dépresa, a festival at Lerna in honour of wort; and Lepidium latifolium, Ditlanda, seu Raphanus, Bacchus, Proserpine, and Ceres. Broad-leaved Pepper-wort, are perennials. Clus. Hist.; LERNÆA (Com.) a genus of animals, in the Linnean System, Dod. Pempt.; Bauh. Hist.; Bauh. Pin.; Ger. Herb. ; Class Vermes, Order Mollusca, baving an oblong body, Park. Theat. Bot.; Raii Hist.; Tourn. Inst.

two or three tentacula, or arms, on each side, by which it LEPIDIUM is also the Cochlearia draba of Linnæus.

affixes itself to bodies, and two ovarics projecting like tails LEPIDOCARPODE'NDRON (Bot.) the Protea bracteata from the lower extremity, of Linnæus.

LE ROY le veut (Law) that is, the King wills it; the form LEPIDOIDES (Anat.) Asidesides, from dotis, a scale, and of words by which the Royal Assent is given to bills that

tites, likeness; the squamose suture of the skull. Ruff have passed the two houses, and by which they acquire the Ephes. de Appell. Part. Corp. hum. I. 1, c. 18; Gal. de force of laws.—Le Roy s'avisera, i. e. the King will consider Oss. c. 1; Oribas. Med. Coll. 1. 25, c. 1.

it; the form of words by which the King refuses his as

« ForrigeFortsett »