Sidebilder
PDF
ePub

Generic Character. CAL. perianth one-leaved. - COR. rethrum, a perennial.

Pellitory of the Wall, the Parietaria petals five.-STAM. filaments ten ; anthers seven.—Pist. officinalis, a perennial. germ beaked; style permanent; stigmas fire. — Per. PELLS (Law) or Clerk of the Pells, an officer of the Exnone; seeds ovate.

chequer, who enters every bill in a parchment roll, called Species. The species are the-Pelargonium hursutum, seu pellis rotulorum.

Geranium, Various-leaved Cranesbill.- Pelargonium pin- | PE'LMA (Anat.) the sole of the foot, or a sock adapted to natum, Pinnated Cranesbill. - Pelargonium grossula the sole of the foot. rioides, Gooseberry-leaved Cranesbill, &c. Bauh. Hist.; || PELOPI'A (Ant.) Toilu, a festival celebrated at Elis in Bauh. Pin.; Ger. Herb.; Park. Theat. Bot.; Raii honour of Pelops. Pausan. Lacon. Hist.; Tourn. Inst.

PELOʻRIA (Bot.) a species of the Antirrhinum. PELECANUS (Orn.) vide Pelicanus.

Peloria (Ant.) traépiu, a Thessalian festival, not unlike the PELECANUS (S:erg.) an instrument for drawing the teeth. Roman Saturnalia. Athen. I. 14, c. 9. PELECOI'DES (Geom.) hatchet-formed; an epithet for a PELT (Com.) the skin of a beast. figure in form of a hatchet.

PELT-MONGER (Com.) one who deals in pelts. PELES (Law) issues arising from or out of a thing. Fitzh. PELT-WOOL (Com.) wool pulled off the skins of a dead Just. 205.

sheep: PE'LATÆ (Ant.) shátas, Athenian citizens who were PE'LTA (Ant.) a short light kind of shield. Dionys. 1. 2; Liv.

obliged to be slaves or servants, on account of their po 1. 28, c. 5; Ælian. de Instr. Acieb. p. 4; Serv. in En. verty. Poll. Onom. I. 3, segm. 82.

1. 1, v. 494. PELF (Archæol.) pelfra, the gelded beasts which, except | Peltá (Bot.) a flat fructification on some Lichens, resem

hogs, in time of war, came tū the Earl-Marshal out of the bling a round shield, whence its name. booty taken.

PELTA’RIA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 13 Tetradyo Pels (Law) the personal effects of a convict felon.

namia, Order 1 Siliculosa. PEʼLICAN (Orn.) the Pelicanus of Linnæus, a bird remark Generic Character. CAL. perianth four-leaved. - Cor.

able for the length of its bill, with which it is expert in petals four.-Stam. filaments six ; anthers simple. catching fishi. In size it exceeds the swan.

Pist. germ roundish; style short ; stigma blunt.--Per. PELICAN (Her.) this bird is generally represented with her silicle entire ; seed single. wings indorsed, her neck embowed, pecking

Species. The species are the-Pellaria aliacea, Bohadschia, her breast. She is blazoned vulned, in her

Clypeola, seu Thlapsia, Garlic-scented Peltaria, a biennest, or in her piety when wounded feeding

nial, &c. her young; as “ He beareth gules, a pelican

PELTATUS (Bot.) peltate or target-shaped, an epithet for in her nest, with wings displayed feeding her

a leaf; folium peltatum, a leaf, having the petiole inserted. young ones or, vulned proper.” These are

into the disk of the leaf instead of the edge or base, as is the arms of Corpus Christi College, as they

most usual: such a leaf is found in the Nymphæa hernandia, had been before of its founder Richard Fox, bishop of Colocasia, Hydrocotyle Tropæolum, Geranium peltatum, &c. Winchester, Lord Privy Seal and Counsellor to the two | PELVIC Ligaments (Anat.) those ligaments by which the last Henrys.

lumbar vertebræ and Ossa innominata are bound to the Os PELICAN (Chem.) a blind alembic. PELICANUS (Örn.) a genus of birds, of the Order Anseres. PELVI'SMETER (Mech.) an instrument for measuring the Generic Character. Bill straight, hooked at the point, and diameter of the pelvis.

furnished with a nail ; nostrils an obliterated' slit; face PE'LVIS (Anat.) from zivt, a bason ; the inferior cavity of rather naked ; legs equally balancing the body.

the belly, bounded in the front by the os pubis, in the Species. Birds of this genus are known in English by the back by the os sacrum above, and os coccygis below; late

names of the Pelican, the Crane, the Shag, the Corvo rally by the ilia above, and by the ischia below.-- Pelvis rant, the Gannet, and the Booby. The principal spe Renum, a membranous bladder, that receives the urine cies are the following, namely,– Pelicanus onocrotilus, and pours it into the bladder.—Pelvis Cerebri, the infunthe White Pelican.- Pelicanus fuscus, the Brown Peli dibulum in the brain. can.-Pelicanus carbo, the Corvorant.-Pelicanus gra- PEMPHIGO'DES (Med.) sspscorádins, a kind of spotted and culus, the Crane.- Pelicanus pygmæus, the Dwarf Shag. flatulent fever.

- Pelicanus cristatus, the Crested Shag.- Pelicanus bas- | PEMPHIGUS (Med.) the vesicular fever ; a genus of dissanus, the Gannet. - Pelicanus piscntor, the Lesser Gan. eases, Class Pyrexice, Order Exanthemata. net.Pelicanus sula, the Booby.- Pelicanus sinensis, the | PEMTÆUS (Med.) an epithet for an ague which returns Fishing Corvorant.

every fifth day. PELI'DNÙS (Med.) a black and blue colour in the face, | PEN (Com.) a place enclosed by hurdles for fishing, on the not unfrequent among melancholic persons.

sea coast. PELIOMA (Med.) an ecchymosis when of a livid colour. Pen (Mech.) from penna, a feather; an instrument for wriPE'LLAGE (Law) a custom or duty paid for skins of lea ting, mostly made of a quill, but sometimes of silver and ther.

other materials. PELLAGRA (Med.) a disorder first treated of in Milan, | Pen Sea (Ent.) vide Pennatula.

which approaches the nearest to the Elephantiasis. Pen Stock (Husband.) a flood-gate placed in the water of a PE'LLETS (Her.) black roundles, otherwise

mill-pond. called ogresses and gunstones, which are borne

PENÆA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 4 Tetrandria, in coat armour ; as “ He beareth argent, a

Order 1 Monogynia. fesse sable, and three pellets in chief."

Generic Character. CAL. perianth two-leaved. Cor. PE'LLICLE (Med.) a thin film or fragment of

petal one.-STAM. filaments four; anthers upright.a membrane.

Pist. germ ovate; style four-cornered; stigma blunt.PELLICLE (Chem.) the thin surface of crystals

Per. capsule four-cornered ; seeds two. spread over a saline liquor, when it is evaporated to a cer Species. The species are shrubs, as the-Penæa mucrotain degree.

nala, seu Erica, Heart-leaved Penæa.-Penæa margi. PE'LLITORY Bastard (Bot.) the Achillea ptarmica of Lin nata, Margined Penæa, &c.

næus, a perennial.—Pellitory of Spain, the Anthemis py-|| PE'NAL Laws (Law) those laws which are made to punish

sacrum.

G

B

and deter offenders, which are of three kinds: namely, Fest, de Verb. Signif. ; Suet. in August. c. 18; Serv. in poena pecuniaria, a fine or penalty ; poena corporalis, cor Æn.

poral punishment; and poena erilii, exile or transportation. || PENETRA'NTIA (Med.) medicines which pass through the PÊNALTY (Law) a fine imposed by way of punishment. pores and stimulate the system. [vide Pain

PENETRATION of Bodies (Phy.) a'term applied to bodies PENANCE (Ecc.) an ecclesiastical punishment, inflicted when the parts of one body occupy the interstices be

by the church upon the body of the penitent, whereby he tween the parts of the other. is to give public satisfaction for the scandal which his evil PE'NGUIN (Orn.) or Great Auk, the Alca impennis of Linexample has occasioned. In the primitive times offenders næus, so called because it cannot fly. It is like the rest

were also obliged to give evidences of their reformation. of its tribe, an inhabitant of the Northern Seas. PENAR-VA'LČI (Bot.) the Zanonica of Linnæus.

PENICILLIFO'RMIS (Bot.) an epithet for an appendix to PENATES (Ant.) the household gods of the Romans, or the keel of the corolla in Polygala. It is in the shape of those which they worshipped in their own houses.

a painter's pencil. PENCIL (Mech.) a small instrument used in drawing and PENICILLUS (Surg.) a tent for wounds. painting, &c.

PENI'DIUM (Med.) a medicine for all disorders of the Pencil of rays (Opt.) a double

lungs. cone of rays joined together

PENINSULA (Geog:) from pene, almost, and insula, an at the base, as BG, SC; the

island; a tract of land that is nearly surrounded with one cone having its vertex in

water. some point of the object at B,

PE'NIS (Anat.) membrum virile.--Penis Cerebri, the same and the crystalline humour or

as Conarium, or the Pineal Gland. glass GL's for its base, and the other having its base PE'NITENT (Ecc.) vide Penitents. on the same glass, but its vertex on the point of con PENITE'NTIAL (Ecc.) a collection of Christian canons, vergence, as at C.

that appointed the time and manner of penance to be rePENDANT (Her.) hanging down, an epithet used in coats gularly imposed for every sin ; and forms of prayer that of arms.

were to be used for the receiving of those who entered into Pendant Feathers (Falcon.) those which grow upon a hawk's

penance, thigh.

PENITE'NTIARY (Ecc.) the priest who imposes the pePENDANT (Mar.) a long narrow banner or streamer, termi nance on offenders; also the place for hearing confessions.

nating in two ends or points called the Swallow's Tail.- PENITENTS (Ecc.) persons in Italy who made a profesa The Broad Pendant, a kind of flag which is used to sion of doing public penance at certain times in the year. distinguish the chief of a squadron.

Penitents was the appellation given to certain fraternities, Pendant is also a short piece of rope fixed on each side who were distinguished by the colour of their habit.

under the shrouds, upon the head of the main and fore- | PE'N-MAN (Mech.) one who is skilled in the use of his masts.

pen, particularly in executing fine pieces. PE'NDANTS (Com.) jewels which women hang on their ears. PENNANT (Mar.) vide Pendant. PENDANTS (Bot.) an epithet formerly applied to the stigmas | PENNA'NTIÀ (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 23 Polyin Tulips, Lilies, &c.

gamia, Order 2 Dioecia. PENDULOUS (Bot.) an epithet for flowers which bang Generic Character. Cal. none.-Cor. pelals five.—Stam. their heads.

filaments five; anthers oblong.---Pist. germ superior ; PENDULUM (Mech.) any heavy body so suspended as style none; stigma flat.-Per. none; seeds solitary.

that it may be swung backwards and forwards. Pendulums Species. The simple species is the-Pennantia corymbosa. are either simple or compound.-Simple Pendulums consist | PENNATULA (Ent.) a genus of animals, Class Vermes; but of one weight.-Compound Pendulums, those consist Order Znophyla. The animal is of various shapes, soft, ing of several weights so fixed as to return the same red, an inch and a half high, and as thick as the little distance both from one another, and from their common finger, wrinkled, and furnished with rows of tubular dencentre.-Pendulum Clocks, such as have their movements ticles, producing radiate polypes from each tube. It is regulated by the vibration of a pendulum.-Royal Pendu known in English by the name of the Sea-Pen. lums, clocks whose pendulums swing seconds, and go eight || PENNATUS (Bot.) feathered, an epithet for a leaf. [vis days.

Pennatum] PENDULUS (Bot.) vide Pendulous.

PE'NNER (Mech.) a case to put pens in. PENE'LOPE (Orn.) a genus of birds of the Order Galline. || PENNING (Com.) a Dutch or German coin, more properly Generic Character. Bill naked at the base; head covered written Pfenning or Pfennig. (vide Pfenning]

with feathers; chin naked; tail with 12 feathers; legs PE'NNON (Mar.) vide Pendant. without spurs.

PENNONCE'LS (Mil.) small pieces of silk cut in the form Species. Birds of this tribe inhabit South America, and of a pennon, with which men of arms used to adorn their are called in English Guan, &c.; as the-Penelope Cris

lances or spears. tata, Guan. — Penelope Cumanensis, Yacow.- Penelope PE'NNY (Com.) one of the earliest coins in this country, pipile, Piping Curassow.

which is in value the twelfth part of a shilling; it was forPENETRA’LE (Ant.) a sacı ed place in the interior of the merly a silver coin, but is now always made of copper.

house, where sacrifices were offered and various acts of Penny Post, a post formerly in London, by which letters worship performed.

were conveyed to different parts of the city and its Lucan. 1. 2, v. 127.

suburbs for a penny.- Penny Weight, an English Troy Ante ipsum penetrale dea, semperque calentes

weight, containing 24 grains. Mactarere focos.

Penny is also the name for a similar coin in Germany. (vide Claud. Cons. I. 4, v. 570.

Pfennig]
Penetralibus erit

PENNY.GRASS (Bot.) the Rhinanthus of Linnæus.-
Effigies; brevis illa quidem.

Penny-Royal, the Mentha Pulegium.-Penny-Wort, the Virg. Æn. I. 2,' v. 297.

Hydrocostyle.
Æternumque adytis effert penetralibus ignem.

PENNY-POST (Com.) vide Penny.

PENNY-ROYAL (Bot.) vide Penny-Grass.

Menianthes, Buckbean. Spigelia, Worm-Grass. PENNY-WEIGHT (Com.). vide Penny.

Convolvulus, Bindweed. - Hyocyamus, Henbane.-NicoPENO-ABSOU' (Bot.) an American tree, the bark of tiana, Tobacco.— Verbascum, Mullein.--Phlo.r Lychnidea. which is very fragrant.

Polemonium, Jacob's Ladder.-Nerum, Oleander, or RosePE'NSA (Archæol.) a wey of salt, cheese, &c., containing bay.–Vinca, Periwinkle.— Tectona, Teak-Tree.-Strych

256 lb.- Ad Pensam, the full weight of 12 ounces Troy, nos, Poison-Nut.-Solanum, Night-Shade.- Sideroxylum, which was formerly paid into the Exchequer for a pound Iron-Wood. — Chrysophyllum, Star-Apple. - Cinchona, Troy.

Jesuit's-Bark. Campanula, Bell-Flower.-Lonicera, HonyPENSION (Law) any yearly allowance made from a Suckle.-Celastrus, "Staff-Tree.-Rhamnus, Buck-Thorn.

prince or government without an equivalent.- Pension of -Mangifera, Mango-Tree. - Impatiens, Balsam. — Ribes, Churches, certain sums of money paid to clergymen in Currant.--Hedera, Ivy.--Celosia, Cock's-Comb.- Apocylieu of tithes.- Pensions of the Inns of Court, annual pay num, Dog's-Bane.- Asclepias, Swallow-Wort. - Salsola, ments made by, each member to the house; also what in Salt-Wort. — Chenopodium, Goose-Foot. Beta, Beet.the two Temples is called a Parliament, in Lincoln's Inn a Herniaria, Rupture-Wort.-Eryngiun, Eringo.— SaniCouncil, is in Gray's Inn termed a Pension, which is an cula, Sanicle. — Astrantia, Master-Wort. - Heracleum, assembly of the members to consult about the affairs of Cow-Parsnip.-Oenanthe, Water Dropwort.- Echinophora, the society.- Pension Writ, an order of the House in the Prickly Sampire.-Tordylium, Hart-Wort.-Daucus, the Inns of Court against such as are in arrears for pensions Carrot.-Coriandrum, the Coriander.-Laserpitium, Laserand other duties.

wort.-- Peucedanum, Sulphur-wort. - Ammi, Bishop'sPENSIONARY (Polit.) a pensioner, or one who receives Weed.-Conium, Hemlock.-Bunium, Earth-Nut.-Aiha

a yearly allowance from any prince.-Grand Pensionary, manta, Stone-Parsley.Sium, Water-Parsnip.-Cuminum, an appellation formerly given to the first minister of state, Cumin.- Ferula, Fennel-Giant.-Crithmum, Sampire.in Holland.

Ligusticum, Lovage.--Sison, Hone-wort.-Scandir, CherPENSIONER (Larv) one who receives a pension from go vil.–Carum, Caraway.- Pastinaca, Parsnip.-Anethum,

verument.-- King's Pensioners, or Gentlemen Pensioners, a Dill.-Ægopodium, Goat-Weed.-- Apium, Smallage and band of gentlemen who, armed with partizans, attend as a Parsley.-- Pimpinella, Burnet-Saxifrage.-Sambucus, Elderguard upon the king's person in his palace.

Tree. - Staphylea, Bladder-Nut-Tree.Tamarit, TamaPENSIONER (Cus.) one who pays for his Commons at Cam risk.—Linum, Flax.-Drosera, Sundew.-Statice, Thrift.

bridge, answering to the Commoner at Oxford. --Gentle - Myosurus, Mouse-Tail. man Pensioner, one who pays more for his Commons than | PENTANEU'RON (Bot.) five-nerved; an epithet for a leaf. the rest, for which he enjoys certain distinctions, called at PENTA'NGLE (Geom.) a figure having five angles, the Oxford a Gentleman Commoner.

same as the Pentagon. PENTACOCCUS (Bot.) pentacoccous, or five-grained, an PENTAPETALUS (Bot.) five-petalled; an epithet for a

epithet for a capsule : capsula pentacocca, a capsule swell corolla, as in the Umbellatæ, &c. ing out in five protuberances.

PENTAPETES (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 16 MoPENTADRA'CHMON (Ant.) a Grecian coin, worth about nadelphia, Order 5 Dodecandria. 3s. 2 d. English. [vide Moneta]

Generic Character. Cal. perianth double. - Cor. petals PE'NTAGON (Math.) FUTáyvos, a geometrical

five. - Stam. filaments fifteen; anthers upright. figure, having five sides and five angles, as in the

Pist. germ ovate; style filiform; stigma toothed. annexed figure.

Per. capsule five-celled; seeds eight. PENTA'GONUS (Bot.) pentagonal, or five-cor

Species. The single species, the Pentapetes phoenicea Alnered, an epithet for a stem.

cæa, seu Ballarin, Scarlet-flowered Pentapetes, is an PE'NTAGRAPH (Mech.) more properly pantagraph, an annual.

instrument wherewith designs, prints, &c. of any kind may PENTAPHARMACUS (Med.) from ráts and papucxor, a be copied in any proportion, without the exercise of any drug; any medicine consisting of five ingredients. skill on the part of the executor,

PENTAPHYLLOIDES (Bot.) the Potentilla fruticosa of PentAGRAPH (Mech.) vide Parallelogram.

Linnæus. PENTAGYNIA (Bot.) from rétt, five, and yúrn, a woman; PENTAPHY'LLUM (Bot.) the Potentilla rupestris of Lin

the name of an Order in the fifth, tenth, eleventh, twelfth, and thirteenth Classes in the Linnean System; maphrodite PENTAPHY'LLUS (Bot.) five-leaved; an epithet for a calyx. containing those plants which have five pistils in an her- PENTA'PTERIS (Bot.) the Myrophyllum spicatum of Lin

flower. PENTAMETER (Gram.) πεντάμετρον, from πέντη, five, and PENTAPTOTON (Gramm.) πεντάπτωτον, from πέντε, fve, and

uétpor, a measure; a Greek or Latin verse, consisting of stūris a case; a noun having five cases. five feet.

PENTA'STICH (Poet.) sartásixos; a stanza, or division in a PENTA'NDRIA (Bot.) from rými, five, and cerrg, a man; poem, consisting of five verses.

the name of the fifth Class in the Linnean System ; con PÉNTATEUCH (Bibl.) TETÉT EVXOS, from zivti, five, and taining those plants which have hermaphrodite flowers, Tsűxos, a volume; a name given to the five books of with five stamens. It contains seven Orders; namely, Moses. Monogynia, Digynia, Trigynia, Tetragynia, Pentagynia, PENTATHLUM (Ant.) ziruddev; an exercise of five games, Decagynia, and Polygynia, and under them the following namely, leaping, running, quoiting, darting, and wrestling, genera :-Mirabilis, Marvel of Peru.—Plumbago, Lead comprehended in this Greek verse: Wort.-Cerinthe, Honey-Wort.- Echium, Viper's Bugloss. Simon. apud Anthol. -Heliotropiun, Turnsole. - Pulmonaria, Lungwort.Lithospermum, Gromwell. - Borago, Borage. -- Lycopsis,

Αλμα, ποδωκείην, δίσκου, άκοντα, πάλη. Bugloss. - Cynoglossum, Hound's-Tongue. — Myosotis, This name comprehended likewise any exercise consisting Mouse-Ear Scorpion-Grass.--Hydrophyllum, Water-Leaf. of the number of five games, which by the Latins was -Anagallis, Pimpernel.--Lysimachia, Loose-Strife.-Cy called Quinquertium. Poll. Onom. I. 3, segm. 51; Fest. de clamen, Sow-Bread.- Dodecatheon, Virginian Cowslip. Verb. Signif.; Bud. in Pandect. p. 96; Rhodig. Antiq. Lect. Primula, Primrose and Cowslip. Holtonia, Water-Violet. 1. 13, c. 30.

næus,

næus.

PENTACO'NTARCH (Polit.) KUTYKÓVTECpXos, from Fitúxovtu, || PE'ONY (Bot.) another name for the Pæonia of Linnæus.

fifty, and pxec, a ruler; a captain who had the command PEPA'NSIS (Med.) TÍTUVOUS ; the correction of depraved huof fifty men. Demosth. adv. Polyclen ; Harpocration. nours in the body. PE'NTECOST (Bibl.) nutnosi, i.e. the fiftieth day after | Pepansis is also the maturation or concoction of humours. Easter; the festival of Whitsuntide.

PEPA'SMUS (Med.) the same as Pepansis. PENTECO'STALS (Ecc.) offerings made at Whitsuntide by PEPA'STICS (Med.) Pepastica, kitu sixide; medicines that alparishioners to the priest.

lay and digest crudities. PENTELORES (Ant.) a sort of garment for soldiers, adorn- PE’PLION Bot.) a species of the Euphorbia. ed with fringe.

PE'PLIS (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 6 Hexandria, Order 1 PENTESERI'NGUS (Ant.) an instrument of punishment Monogynia.

among the ancients, something similar to our stocks, hav Generic Character. CAL. perianth one-leaved.Cor. petals ing five holes, wherein the head, legs, and arms, of cri six. — Stam. filaments six; anthers roundish. Pist. minals were fastened, to prevent them from stirring.

germ oval; style short; stigma orbiculate. ---Per. capsule PENTHEMI'MERIS (Grum.) +5v6 qui pe spis; part of a Greek superior ; seeds many. or Latin verse, consisting of five half-feet.

Species. The species are annuals, as the-Peplis portulaca, PENTHO'RUM (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 10 Decan Portulaca Glaur, seu Alsine, Water Purslane. - Peplis dria, Order 4 Pentagynia.

tetrandra Hedgotis, seu Ammania, 8c. Bauh. Pin. ; Generic Character. Cal. perianth one-leaved.-Cor. petals Ger. Herb.; Park. Theat. Bot.; Raii Hist. ; Tourn. Inst. five. - STAM. filaments ten; anthers roundish. – Pist,

Pist. PE'PLUS (Ant.) or Peplum, methos, mám dov; a loose female germ conical ; style distant; stigma blunt.-Per, capsule robe without sleeves, which went down to the feet, and, simple; seeds many.

when curiously studded and embroidered, was offered to Species. The single species is the Penthorum Sedoides, the goddess Minerva, both on occasions of joy and mournAmerican Penthorum.

ing. Eustat. in Odyss. 1. 18, v. 291. PENTHOUSE (Archit.) a shed hanging forward in a sloping | PE'PO (Bot.) the Cucurbita pepo of Linnæus. direction from the main wall of a place.

PE'PPER (Bot.) the Piper of Linnæus. - Pepper-grass, the PE'NTILE (Mason.) a tile formed to cover the sloping part Pilularia globulifera.-Guinea Pepper, the Capsicum anof a roof,

nuum.-Jamaica Pepper, the Myrtus pimenta of Linnæus. PENTSTE'MON (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 14 Didy - Pepper-wort, the Lepidum annuum. namia, Order 2 Angiosperma,

PE'PSIS (Med.) révis, the concoction or fermentation of Generic Character. Cal. perianth one-leaved.-Cor. petal the aliments or humours in the body.

one.-Stam. filaments four; anthers bifid.-Pist. germ || PEPU'ZIANS (Ecc.) an heretical sect which sprung up in ovate; style filiform; stigma truncate. - Per. capsule the second century, a branch of the Montanists. Euseb. ovate; seeds many

Hist. Eccl. 1.5; S. Epiphan. de Hær. 49; S. Augusto de Species. The species are perennials, as the Pentstemon Her. c. 27. lævigata, seu Chelone, seu Digitalis, Smooth Pentstemon.PER (Gram.) a Latin preposition signifying by or through, - Pentstemon pubescens Latifolia, &c.

is used in several phrases, as per force, pr ann. or per anPE'NULA (Ant.) or Penula, a thick garment worn as a de num, pr cent. or per centum, &c. fence against cold and rain.

Per ascensum (Chem.) a mode of distillation by which the Hor. 1.1, ep.11, v. 17.

liquor is made to ascend.
Incolumi Rhodos et Mitylene pulchra facit, quod

PE'RA (Bot.) the Perula arborea of Linnæus.
Panula solstitio, campestre nivalibus uuris,

PERA'CTER (Mech.) a mathematical instrument used in
Per brumam Tiberis, Sextili mense caminus.

surveying Juven. Sat. 5, v. 78.

PERACUTE (Med.) very sharp; an epithet for diseases fremeret sævú cum grandine vernus

which are greatly inflamed. Jupiter, ei multo stillaret, penula nimbo.

PERA'DO (Bot.) the Ilex perado of Linnæus. Cic. pro Mil. c. 20; Senec. Epist. 87; Plin. l. 8, c. 48; PERAGRATION MONTH (Astron.) the space of the Quintil. Inst. l. 6, c. 3; Mart. 1. 14, ep. 130; Sueton. in Moon's course from any point of thezodiac to the same again. Gall. c. 6; Tertull. Apolog. c. 6.

PE'RAGU (Bot.) the Clerodendrum fortunatum of Linnæus. PENU'LTIMATE (Gram.) from pene, almost, and ultimus, PERAGU'À (Bot.) the Cassine peragua of Linnæus. the last; the last syllable but one in a word.

PERA'LU (Bot.) the Ficus of Linnæus. PENU'MBRA (Astron.) a faint or partial shade observed | PERA'MA (Bot.) the Mattuschkoca of Linnæus.

between the perfect shadow and the fall of light in an | PERAMBULATION of the Forest (Law) the walking of eclipse: thus, suppose S to

justices, or other officers, about the forest, in order to surrepresent the sun, and M

vey it, and set down its bounds. 16 Car. 1, c. 16;4 Inst. 30. the moon; then, since lu

Perambulation of Parishes is made by the minister, minous rays are observed

churchwardens, and parishioners, by going round the to proceed from every part

boundaries thereof once a year.- Perambulation of Maof ihe sun's disc, there will

nors, vide Perambulatione. be no part of the shadow in

PERAMBULATIONE facienda (Lav) a writ commanding which the light will be totally intercepted, except that the sheriffs to make perambulation, and set down the included within the rays proceeding from the extreme edges bounds of two or more manors, whose limits are not well of the sun and moon,'A'B C, and EDC, the other part of known. F. N. B. 128, &c.; New Nat. Brev. the shadow, i.e. from C to H and I, experiencing only a PERAMBULATOR (Mlech.) a rolling wheel for measuring partial interception, and consequently in those parts a faint roads, streets, &c. light will be observed proceeding from the darkest shades PERCA (Ich.) a genus of fishes of the Thoracic Order. at C, diminishing both ways to H, where it is lost in per Generic Character. Jaws unequal; teeth sharp, incurved; fect light. Penumbras must be constant attendants of all gill-covers scaly; gill-membrane with seven rays ; lateral eclipses, whether of the sun or moon, or planets primary line arched with the back; scales hard ; fins spinous ; vent or secondary.

nearer the head than the tail. PE'ON (Mil.) a name for foot soldiers in India employed in Species. This fish, known by the general name of the police duties.

Perch, inhabits the clear streams of Europe and Siberia.

H

B

[ocr errors]

S

M

[ocr errors]

E

PENNY-ROYAL (Bot.) vide Penny-Grass.

Menianthes, Buckbean. Spigelia, Worm-Grass, PENNY-WEIGHT (Com.) vide Penny.

Convolvulus, Bindweed. - Hyocyamus, Henbane.--VicoPENO-ABSOU' (Bota) an American tree, the bark of tiana, Tobacco.-Verbascum, Mullein.-Phlor Lychnidea. which is very fragrant.

Polemonium, Jacob's Ladder.—Nerum, Oleander, or Rose PE'NSA (Archæol.) a wey of salt, cheese, &c., containing bay.--Vinca, Periwinkle.-Tectona, Teak-Tree.-Strych

256 lb.- Ad Pensam, the full weight of 12 ounces Troy, nos, Poison-Nut.--Solanum, Night-Shade.—Siderorylum, which was formerly paid into the Exchequer for a pound Iron-Wood. - Chrysophyllum, Star-Apple. – Cinchona, Troy.

Jesuit's-Bark.–Campanula, Bell-Flower.—Lonicera, HonyPENSION (Law) any yearly allowance made from a Suckle.-Celastrus, 'Staff-Tree.-Rhamnus, Buck Thorn.

prince or government without an equivalent.- Pension of - Mangifera, Mango-Tree. -- Impatiens, Balsam. - Ribes, Churches, certain sums of money paid to clergymen in Currant.--Hedera, Ivy.-Celosia, Cock's-Comb.- Apocylieu of tithes.—Pensions of the Inns of Court, annual pay num, Dog's-Bane.-- Asclepias, Swallow-Wort. — Salsola, ments made by. each member to the house; also what in Salt-Wort. — Chenopodium, Goose-Foot.— Beta, Beet. the two Temples is called a Parliament, in Lincoln's Inn a Herniaria, Rupture-Wort.-Eryngium, Eringo. - Sani. Council, is in Gray's Inn termed a Pension, which is an cula, Sanicle. — Astrantia, Master-Wort.- Heracleum, assembly of the members to consult about the affairs of Cow-Parsnip-Oenanthe, Water Dropwort.--Echinophora, the society.-- Pension Writ, an order of the House in the Prickly Sampire.-Tordylium, Hart-Wort.-Daucus, the Inns of Court against such as are in arrears for pensions Carrot.-Coriandrum, the Coriander.—Laserpitium, Laserand other duties.

wort.- Peucedanum, Sulphur-wort. — Ammi, Bishop'sPENSIONARY (Polit.) a pensioner, or one who receives Weed.-Conium, Hemlock.-Bunium, Earth-Nut.-- Atha

a yearly allowance from any prince.-Grand Pensionary, manta, Stone-Parsley:+Sium, Water-Parsnip.-Cuminum, an appellation formerly given to the first minister of state, Cumin.- Ferula, Fennel-Giant.-Crithmum, Sampire.in Holland.

Ligusticum, Lovage.-Sison, Hone-wort.-Scandix, CherPE'NSIONER (Larv) one who receives a pension from go vil.-Carum, Caraway.- Pastinaca, Parsnip.-Anethum,

vernment.- King's Pensioners, or Gentlemen Pensioners, a Dill.-Agopodium, Goat-Weed.--Apium, Smallage and band of gentlemen who, armed with partizans, attend as a Parsley.-- Pimpinella, Burnet-Saxifrage.-Sambucus, Elderguard upon the king's person in his palace.

Tree.-Staphylea, Bladder-Nut-Tree.---Tamarir, TamaPensioner (Cus.) one who pays for his Commons at Cam risk.—Linum, Flax.-Drosera, Sundew.-Statice, Thrift.

bridge, answering to the Commoner at Oxford.—Gentle -Myosurus, Mouse-Tail. man Pensioner, one who pays more for his Commons than | PENTANEU'RON (Bot.) five-nerved ; an epithet for a leaf. the rest, for which he enjoys certain distinctions, called at PENTA'NGLE (Geom.) a figure having five angles, the Oxford a Gentleman Commoner.

same as the Pentagon. PENTACO'CCUS (Bot.) pentacoccous, or five-grained, an PENTAPE’TALUS (Bot.) five-petalled; an epithet for a

epithet for a capsule : capsula pentacocca, a capsule swell corolla, as in the Umbellatæ, &c. ing out in five protuberances.

PENTA'PETES (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 16 Mo•PENTADRA'CHMON (Ant.) a Grecian coin, worth about nadelphia, Order 5 Dodecandria. 3s. 2 d. English. [vide Moneta]

Generic Character. Cal. periuntk double. - Cor. petals PE'NTAGON (Math.) nudy wios, a geometrical

five. - STAM. filaments fifteen; anthers upright. figure, having five sides and five angles, as in the

Pist. germ ovate; style filiform; stigma toothed. annexed figure.

Per. capsule five-celled; seeds eight. PENTAGONUS (Bot.) pentagonal, or five-cor

Species. The single species, the Pentapetes phænicea Alnered, an epithet for a stem.

cæa, seu Ballaria, Scarlet-flowered Pentapetes, is an PE'NTAGRAPH (Mech.) more properly pantagraph, an annual.

instrument wherewith designs, prints, &c. of any kind may PENTAPHA'RMACUS (Med.) from róts and papucukor, a be copied in any proportion, without the exercise of any drug; any medicine consisting of five ingredients. skill on the part of the executor,

PENTAPHYLLOIDES (Bot.) the Potentilla fruticosa of PENTAGRAPH (Mech.) vide Parallelogram.

Linnæus. PENTAGY'NIA (Bot.) from sér, five, and yóun, a woman ; PENTAPHYLLUM (Bot.) the Potentilla rupestris of Lin

the name of an Order in the fifth, tenth, eleventh, twelfth, and thirteenth Classes in the Linnean System; maphrodite PENTAPHY'LLUS (Bot.) five-leaved; an epithet for a calyx. containing those plants which have five pistils in an her- PENTA'PTERIS (Bot.) the Myrophyllum spicatum of Lin

flower. PENTAMETER (Gram.) πεντάμετρον, from πέντη, fve, and PENTAPTOTON (Gramm.) πντάπτωτον, from πέντε, five, and

peétpor, a measure; a Greek or Latin verse, consisting of Ftão is a case; a noun having five cases. five feet.

PENTA'STICH (Poet.) Tutásixos; a stanza, or division in a PENTA'NDRIA (Bot.) from óri, five, and torg, a man; poem, consisting of five verses.

the name of the fifth Class in the Linnean System ; con PÉNTATEUCH (Bibl.) 7x76T EVXOS, from sitt, five, and taining those plants which have hermaphrodite flowers, TEūzos, a volume; a name given to the five books of with five stamens. It contains seven Orders; namely, Moses. Monogynia, Digynia, Trigynia, Tetragynia, Pentagynia, PENTATHLUM (Ant.) riitalaev; an exercise of five games, Decagynia, and Polygynia, and under them the following namely, leaping, running, quoiting, darting, and wrestling, genera :--Mirabilis, Marvel of Peru.-- Plumbago, Lead comprehended in this Greek verse: Wort.-Cerinthe, Honey-Wort. Echium, Viper's Bugloss. Simon. apud Anthol. -Heliotropium, Turnsole. - Pulmonaria, Lungwort.Lithospermum, Gromwell. - Borago, Borage. -- Lycopsis,

Αλμα, ποδωκείην, δίσκου, άκοντα, πάλη. Bugloss. — Cynoglossum, Hound's-Tongue. - Myosotis, This name comprehended likewise any exercise consisting Mouse-Ear Scorpion-Grass.--Hydrophyllum, Water-Leaf. of the number of five games, which by the Latins was

-Anagallis, Pimpernel.---Lysimachia, Loose-Strife.-Cy called Quinquertium. Poll. Onom. I. 3, segm. 51 ; Fest. de clamen, Sow-Bread.--Dodecatheon, Virginian Cowslip. — Verb. Signif.; Bud. in Pandect. p. 96; Rhodig. Antiq. Lect. Primula, Primrose and Cowslip. Holtonia, Water-Violet. 1. 13, c. 30.

næus.

næus.

[ocr errors]
« ForrigeFortsett »