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et per tout, i. e. to be possessed of every parcel, and of the court baron over and above the yearly revenues of his land, whole.

as fines of copyholds, heriots, waifs, strays, &c. PERNANCY (Law) a term applied to tithes, which are said || PER quod (Law) words made use of by a plaintiff in his de

to be taken in pernancy when they are taken in kind. claration in averring the particular damage that has bePE'RNIO (Med.) a kibe or chilblain ; a species of the Ery fallen him, without which his action would not be mainthema of Cullen.

tainable ; thus in a declaration of trespass, for an injury to PE'RNOUR of profits (Law) a receiver of profits. Co.Litt. a wife or a servant, the plaintiff declares per quod, whereby 589.

he lost the consortium of the one, and the servitium of the PERO (Ant.) a rustic sort of shoe, whence those who wore other. such a shoe were called peronati.

PE'RRIERS (Mil.) a sort of great guns, formerly employed Pers. Sat. 5, v. 102.

in shooting stones.

PERROQUET (Orn.) vide Psittacus.
Navim si poscat sibi peronatus arator.

PERRY (Com.) a pleasant drink made from pears, as cider Serv. in En. 1. 7, v. 689.

is from apples. PE'ROLA (Bot.) the Momordica of Linnæus.

PER SE' (Chem.) a term applied to distillation when any PERONÆ'US (Anat.) an epithet for two muscles of the substance is distilled by itself, without the addition of any

tarsus, one of which is called primus, or longus, and the other thing. other secundus, or brevis.

Per se (Log.) things are said to be considered per se when PERONE (Anat.) spor', the Fibula.

they are taken in the abstract. PERORA'TION (Rhet.) what the Greeks call éríacyos, the PE'RSEA (Bot.) the Laurus persea of Linnæus.

latter part, or close of an oration, thence called the PE'RSEUS (Astron.) zippévé, one of the 48 old constellations, Conclusion, when the orator recapitulates the whole with so called from Perseus, the son of Jupiter, by Danae, who fresh force. Cic. Orat. c. 35; Quint. I. 6, c. 1; Georg. was translated into the heavens by the assistance of MiTrapez. Rhet. l. 3, Ed. Ald.

p
42.

nerva, in consequence of his having released Andromeda PERO'TIS (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 3 Triandria, from her confinement on the rock to wbich she was chained. Order 2 Digynia.

It contained, according to Ptolemy, 29 stars; to Kepler, Generic Character. Cal. none.-Cor. two-valved. -STAM. 33; to Bayer, 38; to Hevelius, 36; and the Britannic Cafilaments three ; anthers oblong:-Pist. germ oblong; talogue, 59: of these, Genib, in the side, is a star of the

styles two; stigmas feathered.-Per, none; seed one. second magnitude; and Ras Algol, in the head of Medusa, Species. The species are annuals, as the-Perotis lati which, according to Ptolemy, is of the second magnitude, folia, Alopecurus, Gramen, seu Tsjeria.- Perotis poly is now reckoned of the third magnitude. Arat. Phenom.; stachya, seu Saccharum, &c.

Eratosth. Charact.; Hygin. Poet. Astron. ; Manill. Poet. PERPENDER (Archit.) or perpend-stone, a stone fitted to Astron. , Ptol. Almag.; Ricciol. Almag. nov. &c.

the thickness of the wall, so as to show its smoothed ends PERSIAN LILY (Bot.) the Fritellaria persica of Linnæus. on both sides.

PERSIAN order (Archit.) an order of architecture which PERPENDICULAR (Geom.) xéletos; one line is said to be consisted in supporting the entablature by the figures of

perpendicular to another when it falls upon it or meets it so men instead of columns. as to make the adjacent angles on the same side equal, and Persian wheel (Mech.) an engine contrived for the waboth the angles right angles. Euclid. Elem. I. 1, Def. tering of lands which lie on the borders or banks of Perpendicular to a curve, the line which is perpendicular rivers. to the tangent of the curve at the point of contact.-Per- | PE'RSICA (Bot.) the Amygdalus persica of Linnæus. pendicular to a plane, the line which is perpendicular to PE'RSICÆ similis (bot.) the Mangifera indica of Linevery line drawn in the plane through the bottom of the næus. perpendicular.

PERSICARIA (Rot.) the Polygonum virginianum of LinPerpendicULAR (Gunn.) a small instrument used for the finding the centre line of a piece in the operation of point- || PEÖRSIMON (Bot.) the Diospyros virginiana of Linnæus. ing it to a given object.

PERSISTENS febris (Med.) a regular intermitting fever, the PER PENSIUM (Bot.) the Gunnera permensis of Linnæus. paroxysms of which return at constant and stated hours. PERPE'RO (Com.) a silver coin in Ragusa, 480 of which are PËRSISTENT (Bot.) permanent; an epithet applied to the equal to a ducat. [vide Money]

leaves that remain on the plant till the fruit is ripe, or after PERPETUAL Curacy (Bot.) one in which the curate is not the summer is over. It is also applied to the stipules which

removeable at the pleasure of any one. These curacies continue after the leaves drop off, as in the Class Diadelare attached to lay impropriations; and, in some instances, phia, &c.; and to the calyxes abiding after the corolla is they have a portion of the tithes settled upon

them.

withered, as in the Class Didynamia. PERPEÄTUAL motion (Phy.) vide Motion.

PERSONABLE (Law) a term applied to one who is enabled Perpetual occultation and apparition, circle of (Astron.) vide to maintain a plea in court. Circle.

PERSONAL estate (Law) any corporeal and moveable thing PERPETUAL screw (Mech.) vide Screw and Mechanics.

belonging to a man, as goods, chattels, &c.--Personal PerpetUAL glandules (Anat.) those which are natural, and tithes, those which are paid out of the profits that arise by distinguished from the adventitious ones.

labour of a man's person. Personal action, in distinction PERPETUAL pills (Med.) pills which had the power of purg from a real action. [vide Action]

ing perpetually, as pills made of the regulus of antimony. PERSONAL verb (Gram.) a verb conjugated in the different PERPETU'ITY (Law) is said of an estate which is so settled persons and numbers, in distinction from the impersonal in tail that it cannot be made void.

verbs, that are conjugated only in the third person. PER que servitia (Law) a judicial writ issuing from the note PE'RSONALTY (Law) or personality; a name for things

of a fine, and lying for the cognisee to compel the tenant personal, in distinction from things real. An action is also of the land to an acknowledgement of him as lord. Old said to be in personally when it is brought against the right Nat. Brev. 155.

person, or the person against whom it lies in law. PE'RQUISITES (Law) whatever a man gets by industry, PERSONA'TA (Bot.) the Aretium of Linnæus.

or purchases with his money.-Perquisites of court, those To PE’RSONATE (Law) to assume the name and character profits that come to the lord of a manor by virtue of his of another person, so as to pass for him.

næus.

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PERSONATUS (Bot.) personate, or masked ; an epithet germs four; styles short; stigmas three.-Per. none ; seeds for a labiate corolla which has the lips closed.

solitary. PE’RSONS (Theol.) subsistences, as the three persons in the Species. The single species is the Perula arborea of Holy Trinity.

Linnæus. Persons (Gram.) the inflexions of verbs which denote the || PERUVIAN Bark (Med.) a well-known drug, otherwise person acting: there are three in each number.

called Jesuit's Powder, because it was introduced by the Persons (Law) are either natural, whom God has formed, Jesuits into Europe. It is the bark of a tree in Peru, which

or artificial, who are formed by human society, as corpo is the Cinchona officinalis of Linnæus. rations, or bodies politic.- Persons ne prebendaries ne se PERUVIANUM Balsamum (Bot.) Balsam of Peru, which is ront chargés au quinsimes, &c. a writ which lies for preben procured from the Myroxylon peruviferum of Linnæus. daries, &c. distrained by the sheriffs for the 15th part of | PĖS (Ant.) a foot or measure of length among the Romans, their goods, or to be contributory to taxes.

equal to 11 inches 60+ decimal parts. The to, or foot of PERSPE’CTIVE (Opt.) the art of delineating objects on a the Grecians, was equal to 1 foot and 875 decimal parts

plane surface, such as they appear at a given distance or of an inch. (vide Mensura] height upon a transparent plane, supposed to be placed Pes Moneta (Archæol.) a true and reasonable adjustment of commonly perpendicular to the horizon, between the eye the value of all coin. and the object. This plane, which is conceived to be PE'SA (Archeol.) a wey, or certain weight of cheese, transparent, is glass, is called the perspective table, or wool, &c. plane, as HI. That plane, as L M, on which the perspec. PE'SAGE (Archæol.) a custom, or duty paid for the weightive plane stands, is the geometrical, or ground plane; and ing of wares. any line drawn in this plane is called an original line. That PESATE (Man.) Pesade, or Posade, the motion of a horse point from which the objects are seen when they are deli. that in lifting or raising his fore-quarters keeps his hind neated on the perspective plane is called the point of view, legs on the ground without stirring. The pesate is the or sight, as F. This is otherwise

foundation of all the airs which a horse is taught. called the principal point. If a

PESO (Com.) Spanish, for a dollar, as the Peso duro, the perpendicular be let fall from the

hard dollar. eye, O, to the perspective table,

Peso is also Italian for weight. that is called the distance of the

PE'SSARY (Med.) Pessarium, an oblong medicine, that is eye, or the line of distance, as

made to be thrust into the neck of the womb. Paul. O F; and if a perpendicular be

Æginet. I. 7, c. 24. let fall from the eye to the ground

PE'SSOMANCY (Ant.) Ficrowavrsiz, a sort of cleromancy, plane, that is called the height

or divination by lots, so called because it was performed of the eyc, as SO. The common section of the perspec by means of ricool, pebbles. tive table with the ground plane is the ground line, line of PESSOLATÆ (Ent.) vide Morpiones. the base, or funilamental line, as NI. The line drawn || PESSO'NA (Archeol.) the mast of a forest, or money paid through the principal point, and parallel to the horizon, is for feeding hogs with mast, &c. called the horizontal line, as PQ; of which the points PPE'ST House (Med.) an hospital for those who are sick of and Q are called the points of distance. The point in the plague. which the perspective plane is met by a straight line drawn | PE'STERABLE Wares (Com.) wares or merchandize that through the point of view, parallel to any original straight pester and take up much room in a ship. Stat. 32. H. 8, line, is called the vanishing point of that line; and the in c. 14. tersection of the perspective plane, and a plane passing PE'STILENCE (Med.), a disease arising from an infection through the point of sight, parallel to any original line, is

in the air, attended with boils, blotches, &c. called the vanishing line of that original plane.

PESTILENTIAL Fevers (Mel) such as not only afflict the Perspective is either aerial or linear. Aerial perspec

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patient with a vehement lieat, but also with malignant tire has reference principally to the colouring and shading

and venomous symptoms. of distant objects. Linear perspective relates to the PE'STIS (Meil.) the plague; a genus of diseases, Class position, magnitude, form, &c. of the several lines or Pyrexiæ, Order Eranthemata, in Cullen's Nosology. contours of objects, &c.

PE'STLE (Mech.) the instrument with which things are PERSPIRATION (Med.) the vapour that is secreted by the pounded in a mortar.

cutaneous arteries from the external surface of the body. PETAH (Geog.) an Indian word for the suburbs of a town. It is distinguished into sensible and insensible ; the former | PETAL (Bot.) vide Petalum. of which is visible in drops adhering to the epidermis; the PETALI'SMUS (Ant.) zstudio pòs, a mode of punishment latter passes off in the form of an invisible vapour.

among the Syracusans, similar to the Ostracism of the PERSPIRATION (Chem.) the constituent parts of this fluid Athenians, except that the banishment was only for five

are water, animal gas, or carburetted hydrogen, azotic gas, years, and the suffrages were given by nitund, leaves, insubcutaneous oil, serum of the blood. Its specific gravity

stead of tiles. Diodor. l. 11. is greater than that of oil.

PETALO'DES (Med.) mirarádns, an epithet for urine which PERTICA'TA terræ (Archæoi.) the fourth part of an acre of

has little leaves or scales in it. land.

PETALIFO'RMIS (Bot.) petal-formed, an epithet for a PERTI'CA (Com.) in the plural pertiche, an Italian mea stigma, as in the Iris.

sure, containing five bracci, or three English yards. PETALINUS (Bot.) petaline, or after the manner of a PERTINENS (Law) a kinsman or kinswoinan.

petal, an epithet for a nectary. PERTU'SSIS (Mel.) the hooping cough, a genus of dis- || PETALO'DÈS (Bot.) petalled, an epithet for a flower hav.

eascs, Class Neuroses, Order Spasmi, in Cullen's Nosology. ing petals. PERVERSIO (Med.) the same as Diastremma.

PETALOMA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 10 Decandria, PERU (Bot.) the Dolichos of Linnæus.

Order 1 Monogynia. PERULA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 22 Dioecia, Order 12 Generic Character. Cal. perianth one-leaved.-Cor. petals Polyandria.

five.-STAM. filaments ten; anthers oblong.–Pist. germ Generic Character. Cal.perianth two-leavedi-Cor. petal ovate; style long; stigma simple.-Per. none; seeds

STAM. filainer's many; anthers thick. - Pist, four.

one.

Fig. 2.

bb

Species. The species are the Petaloma myrtilloides et for a leaf growing on a petiole or footstalk, inserted into mouriri.

it usually at the base, in distinction from sessile. PETALUM (Bot.) Titeor, signifies properly a leaf, but is PETIOLUS (Bot.) Petiole, Leafstalk, or

now employed to denote the leaf of the flower. When Footstalk, a partial stem supporting the the corolla consists of but one leaf it is called monopetal leaf, or connecting it with the stem or ous; when it consists of several

branch, as in the annexed figure of the cdivisions, each part is called a petal; iz. 1.

Poa arenosa, where a represents the and the corolla is denominated dipe

long linear leaf, b the petiole, sheathing; talous, tripetalous, &c., according

sheath slit; C, the ligule, or scalelike to the number of petals. A mono

strap. petalous corolla consists of the tube

PE'TIT Cape (Law) vide Cape.-Petit Larceny, vide Larand the limb, as in fig. 1, where a is

ceny.--Petit Sergeanty, a tenure holden of the crown, the tube, and b b the limb or border.

by yielding the sovereign only a buckler, arrow, or some A corolla of several petals consists of claws and lamina, as other small service.--Petit Session, a special session held in fig. 2, where a a are the claws, and b b the lamina.

by a few magistrates for the dispatch of smaller business. PETARD (Mil.) in Italian petardo, a hollow engine made -Petit Treason, a name applied to the offence of a wife's

of wood, in form of a high crowned hat, charged with fine killing her husband, or a servant his master, &c. Stat. powder and fixed to a thick plank, called a madrier, which 25, Ed. 3.

is used in breaking down gates, &c. [vide Fortification] PETITIA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 4 Tetrandria, PETARDE'ER (Mech.) one who manages or applies a

Order 1 Monogynia. petard.

Generic Character. Cal. perianth one-leaved.—Cor, petal PETASUS (Ant.) Térdves, a covering for the head like a one.—Stam. filaments four; anthers upright. - Pist.

broad brimmed hat, used in journeys to keep off the heat germ roundish; style awl-shaped; stigma simple.—Per. of the sun. Poll. 1. 10, segm. 164; Athen. I. 12, c. 9.

drupe roundish ; seeds ovate. PeTaSUS (Archit.) the cupola of a house, in the form of a Species. The single species, the Petitia dominigensis is a petasus. Plin. l. 36, c. 13.

tree. PETAURI'STÆ (Ant.) those who exhibited their feats on PETI'TIO Induciarum (Law) the same in the Civil Law as the petaurum. [vide Petaurum]

Imparlance in the Common Law. PETAU'RUM (Ant.) Tétaupov, or fit iufor, a ledge fixed to a Petitio Principii (Ing.) a' vicious mode of arguing, com

wall, on which birds used to roost. Varro de Re Rust. 1.3, monly caled begging the question ; which consists in taking c. 9; Poll. Onom. I. 10, segm. 156.

for granted as true that which is the subject of dispute. PETAURUM was also a machine hung high in the air, froni PETITION (Law) a supplication in lieu of a writ, which is

which the Petauristæ threw themselves, and descended to always made by a subject to the king for the redress of the earth by means of a rope.

any grievance. Staundf. Plac. Cor. c. 15, &c. Juv. Sat. 14, v. 265.

PETIVE’RIA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 6 Hexandria,
An magis oblectant animum jactata petauro

Order 4 Tetragynia.
Corpora, quique solent rectum descendere funem.

Generic Character. Cal. perianth four-leaved. — CoR. Manil. 1. 5, v. 444.

none.-Sram. filaments six ;'anthers erect.–Pist. germ Ad numeros etiam ille ciet cognata per artem,

ovate; style short; stigma pencil-shaped.-Per. none; Corpora quæ valido saliunt excusa petauro.

seed one. Lucil. apud Fest.

Species. The species are perennials, as the-Petiveria Sicuti mechanici, cum alto esiluere petauro.

alliacea, Common Guinea Hen-weed.-Petiveria octanThey are so called because προς αέρα πετώνται, they fly in dria, Dwarf Guinea Hen-weed, &c. the air. Fest. de Verb. Signif. ; Turneb. adv. 1.8, c. 4.; PETRA (Ant.) zitpce, the name of the tribunal at Athens, Mercur. Gymnast. I. S, c. 8.

so called because it stood upon a rock. Schol. in Aristoph. PETE'CHIÄ (Med.) red or purple spots, like flea-bites, Acharn. which mostly appear in contagious diseases.

PETROELEUM (Chem.) vide Petroleum. PETERMA'NGEN (Com.) a small coin of Germany, equal || PETRA'RIA (Archeol.) a stone quarry, to about a halfpenny or something less.

PETRE'A (Bot.) a genus of plants, Člass 14 Didynamia, PETER-MEN (Law) those who formerly used unlawful Order 2 Angiospermia. engines and arts in catching fish in the river Thames.

Generic Character. Cal.perianth one-leaved.—Cor. petal PETER-PE'NCE (Ecc.) a tribute of a penny for every one.-Stam. filaments four; anthers oval.-Pist. germ house, given to the Pope by some of the Saxon kings.

ovate; style simple; stigma blunt.—Per. capsule fat; PETE'SIA. (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 4 Tetrandria, seeds single. Order 1 Monogynia.

Species. The single species is the Petrea volubilis, native Generic Character. CAL. perianth one-leaved. - Cor. of South America.

petal one.--STAM. filaments four; anthers oblong.–Pist. || PETREL (Or.) a sea fowl, the Procellaria of Linnæus ; germ inferior; style filiform; stigma bifid.-Per. berry the appearance of which, hovering round the sterns of crowned; seeds many.

vessels, is a sure presage of an approaching storm. The Species. The species are the-Petesia stipularis, carnea, petrel has the faculty of spouting pure oil from its bill to et tomentosa.

a considerable distance. PETI'GO (Med.) an ulcer that discharges foul matter. PETRIFA'CTIONS (Min.) any foreign substances, such as PETI'LIUM (Bot.) the Fritillaria of Linnæus.

wood, bones, &c. which have been converted into stone. PETIOLA'RIS (Bot.) petiolar, belonging to a petiole, an These form an Order of mineral substances in Linnæus'

epithet for a tendril, peduncle, bud, and glandule.-Cir System of Mineralogy. (vide Mineralogy] rus petiolaris, a tendril, proceeding from a petiole.- Pe- || PETRI'LITÉ (Min.) a sort of feldspar. dunculus petiolaris, a peduncle inserted into a petiole.- | PETROBRU'SIANŚ (Ecc.) a sect of heretics, who held Gemma petiolaris, a bud formed from a petiole.-Glandula many strange notions on baptism, church discipline, &c. petiolaris, a glandule growing on the petiole, as in Ricinus, Prateol. Dogmat. Omn. Hæret. ; Sander. Heres. 142. Jatropha, Passiflora, Cassia, &c.

PETROCA'RYA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 7 HeptanPETIOLATUS (Bot.) petiolate, or petioled, an epithet dria, Order 1 Monogynia.

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Generic Character. Cal. perianth one-leaved-Cor. petals || PEW'TERERS, Company of (Her.) this company was in

five.-Stam. filaments fourteen; anthers round.-Pist. corporated in 1482. Their armorial engerm ovate; style cylindric; stigma capitate. — PER. signs are “ Field azure, on a chevron, or, large; seeds ovate.

between three cross bars, argent, as many Species. The species are the Petrocarya montana, seu roses, gules." The crest is two arms holdParinari, &c.

ing a pewter dish, proper; the supporters PETRO'LEUM (Chem.) i. e. petræ oleum, rock oil, a liquid two sea-horses, per fess, or, and argent.

bituminous substance, which distils from rocks and other The motto, “ In God is all my trust." parts of the earth. The more fluid species are distin- || PEYRI Glandula (Anat.) small glands, situated under the guished by the name of naphtha, the thicker sorts by the villous coat of the intestines. names of pissasphaltum and pisselæum.-Petroleum Barba- PEZA (Anat.) nila, the malleolus, or sole of the foot. dense, Barbadoes tar, so called because it is chiefly ob- PEZIZA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 24 Cryptogamia, tained from the island of Barbadoes.- Petroleum rubrum,

Order 6 Fungi. a species of the rock oil, of a blackish-red colour.

Generic Character. Cal. fungus bell-shaped. PETROMY'ZON (Ich.) the lamprey, a genus of fishes of Peziza is also the Nicidularia of Linnæus.

the Chondropterigious Order, having the head slenderer PEZZA (Com.) an Italian coin, answering to the peso of than the body; mouth longer above than beneath ; teeth the Spaniards and the dollar of the English. hollow within, and surrounded with a fleshy membrane; PFENING (Com.), or, in German, pfennig; in Dutch, pfennape having a fistulous opening; pectoral and ventral fins ning ; a small coin of Germany and Holland, not worth none.

more than about the seven forty-eighth of a penny. PETRONEL (Mil.) or Portronal, a species of fire-arms PHACA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 11 Diadelphia,

between the arquebuse and the pistol, which was formerly Order 4 Decandria. used by the French.

Generic Character. CAL. perianth one-leaved.-- Cor. paPETRO-PHARYNGÆI (Anat.) two muscles of the pha pilionaceous. - STAM. filaments diadelphous; anthers rynx.

roundish.—Pist. germ oblong; style awl-shaped; stigma PETROSELINUM (Bot.) the Apium petroselinum of Lin simple.- Per. oblong; seeds several.

Species. The species are perennials, as the Phaca boetica, PETROSI'LEX (Min.) a genus of earths of the Siliceous seu Astragalus, Hairy Phaca, or Bastard Vetch.-Phaca

Order; consisting of silica for the most part, with a por alpina, Smooth Phaca, or Bastard Vetch.-Phaca prostion of alurnina and carbonate of lime. " It is hard, and tata, Procumbent Bastard Vetch, &c. Clus. Hist.; light, found in primeval and stratified mountains, with Bauh. Hist.; Bauh. Pin.; Ger. Herb.; Park. Theat.; out lustre, breaking into determinate fragments, and melt Raii Hist. ; Tourn. Inst. ing before the blow pipe.

PHA'CE (Bot.) a lentil. PETRO'SUM Os (Anat.) the inner process of the bones PHACO'DES (Med.) Puxadne, an epithet applied by Hip

of the temples, so named by reason of its hardness and pocrates to Hypochondriacal persons, whose complexions craggedness.

are of a lentil colour. Foes. Econom. Hippocrat. PETTEI'A (Mus.) the art of making a just discernment of PHACOIDES (Surg.) Paxonidins, an epithet for any thing in

ranging and combining all manner of sounds among them the shape of a lentil, whence it is applied by oculists to selves, so that they may produce their effect.

the crystalline humours of the eye. PETTY (Law) [vide Petit]-Petty Bag, an office in PHACÓPTISSA'NA (Med.) a decoction of lentils.

Chancery for suits for and against attorneys and officers | PHACO'SIS (Surg.) Qurbois, a black spot in the eye, reof that court, &c.-Clerk of the Petty Bag, an officer in sembling a lentil. the Court of Chancery, who takes record of all inquisi- PHÆNOMENON (Astron.) pasóusver, from Quiro, to appear, tions out of every shire, &c.

signifies literally an appearance; but is applied in a partiPETTY-CHAPS (Orn.) a bird of the wren tribe, the Mo cular manner to the extraordinary appearances in the heatacilla hortensis of Linnæus.

vens, as meteors, &c. PE'TTY-SINGLERS (Falcon.) the toes of a hawk. PHÆNOMENON (Nat.) is applied in the same sense as PETTY-TALLY (Mar.) a competent allowance of victuals, above, to any extraordinary effect or operation of any according to the number of the ship's company.

natural body. PETTY-WHIN (Bot.) the Genista anglica of Linnæus. PHÆTHU'SA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 19 SyngePE'TUM (Bot.). the Nicotiana Tobacum of Linnæus.

nesia, Order 2 Polygamia superflua. PEUCE (Bot.) the pine-tree.

Generic Character. Cal. common.- Cor, compoundPEUCE'DANUM (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 5 Pen Stam. filaments five; anthers tubular.–Pist. germ obtandria, Order 2 Digynia.

long; style filiform; stigmas two. - Per. none; seeds Generic Character. Cal. perianth proper.-CoR. univer oblong

sal.-Stam. filaments five; anthers simple.- Pist. germ Species. The species is the Phæthusa americana, Sigesbeckia, oblong; styles two; stigmas obtuse. Per. none; seeds seu Verbesina. two.

PHAETON (Orn.) a genus of birds, Order Anseres. Species. The species are perennials, as the-Peucedanum Generic Character. Bill sharp-edged, straight, beyond

officinale, Common Sulphur-wort.-Peucedanum alpestre, which the gape of the mouth reaches; nostrils oblong; seu Ferula, Alpine Sulphur-wort.-Peucedanum silaus hind-toe turned forwards. Siler, sicum, seu Saxifrage, Meadow Sulphur-wort, or Species. Birds of this tribe are called in English the Saxifrage.- Peucedanum alsaticum, seu Daucus, Small Tropic Bird, because they live chiefly within the Tropics, headed Sulphur-wort, &c. Bauh Hist.; Bauh. Pin.; and are often seen on the backs of porpoises.

Ger. Herb.; Park. Theat. Bot.; Raii Hist.; Tourn. Inst. Phaeton (Mech.) a lofty, open, four-wheeled carriage. PEUCEDANUM is also the Pimpinella dioica of Linnæus. PHAGEDÆ'NA (Med.) Payidova, from pásyes, to eat; an PEETS (Mech.) vide Pivots.

ulcer that eats very rapidly. PE'WIT (Ör.) another name for the lapwing.

PHAGADÆNIC Water (Chem.) a mixture of corrosive PEW'TER (Min.) a well-known mixed metal, an alloy of sublimate and lime-water. tin and lead, or tin and zinc.

PHAGADÆNICS (Med.) medicines which eat down the PEWTERER (Com.) a maker of or dealer in pewter. superfluous flesh of ulcers.

PHAGE'SIA (Ant.) φαγώσια, Or φαγησεισoσία, from φαγείν, to Species. The species are the-Phallus esculenteus, Hel

eat, and ausw, to drink; because it was a time for good vella, seu Fungus, Esculent Morel.-Phallus impudicus, living: a festival observed during the Dionysia.

Stinking Morel.-Phallus caninus, Red-headed Morel, PHALACRO'SIS (Med.) pureexpacis, the falling off of the &c. Clus. Hist.; Doil. Pempt.; Bauh. Hist.; Bauh. hair.

Pin.; Ger. Herb.; Park. Theat. Bot.; Raï Hist.; PHALA'CRUM (Surg.) from Panaxpos, smooth; an epithet Tourn. Inst. for smooth blunt instruments, like the probe.

PHALLO'PHORI (Ant.) Puaropóset, those who carried the PHALANA (Ent.) the Moth, a genus of insects, of the

Quadel at the feast of the Dionysia. Lepidopterous Order, having the antennæ gradually taper- PHANA'TICUS (Ant.) vide Fanaticus. ing from the base to the tips; tongue spiral ; jaws none; || PHANTA'SMA (Med.) from Partaba, to make appear ; a wings, when at rest, generally deflected.

depraved vision. PHALANGER (Zool.) a name for a species of the opos- PHANTASMAGO'RIA (Mech.) a new optical instrument sum, which inhabits New Holland.

which is contrived to give the representation of spectres PHALA'NGES (Anat.) vide Phalanx.

and other figures. The operator has also the power, by PHALANGI'TÆ (Ant.) the Macedonian soldiers, who increasing or diminishing the size of the figure, to make formed part of the phalanx. Liv. l. 37, c. 40.

them appear to the spectator as if they approached or PHALAN'GIUM (Ent.) a genus of insects, of the Apter

receded. ous Order, having a mouth with horny mandibles ; feelers || PHANTASMATO'GRAPHY (Lit.) from vártacuit, a filiform; antennæ none; eyes two on the crown and two at phantom, and you on, a description ; a treatise or discourse the sides : legs eight; abdomen generally rounded.

of celestial appearances, as the rainbow, &c. PHALANGO'SIS (Mod.) penúry zw016, an affection of the PHANTA'STICAL Colours (Opt.) such as are produced by

eyelids, when there are two or more rows of hairs upon a triangular glass prism, &c.; or such as appear in a rainthem; also a morbid inversion of the eyelids. Paul. bow. Æginet. 1. 6, c. 8.

PHANTASY (Vec.) a disease in cattle. PHA'LANX (Ant.) péncert, a Macedonian legion formed PH A'RIAS (Zool.) a kind of serpent that makes a furrow into a square compact battalion of pikemen, consisting of

with its tail as it goes. sixteen in flank, and five hundred in front. They stood PHA'RISEE (Theol.) in the Greek paplosão, from the Heso thick together that the pikes of the fifth rank extended brew ord, i. e. separated; a sect of the Jews, who apthree feet beyond the front of the battalion. The ordinary plied themselves to the study of the law in an especial number of a complete phalanx was 16,000 men, but it manner, pretending to more holiness than others. varied in this particular. Polyb. Eccl. Hist. 1. 17, c. 25; | PHARMACEIA (Med.) from áppuxor, a medicine; a disDiodor. 1. 16; Cæs. de Bell. Gall. l. 1, c. 4; Poll. Onom. charge from the abdomen from the exhibition of a 1. 1, segm. 127; Liv. l. 37; Quint. Curt. I. 1, c. 19; Veget. cathartic. 1. 2, c. 2.

PHARMACEU'TICA (Med.) Repuecexsvtixò, Pharmaceutrics, PHALANX (Anat.) from Páncy}, the battalion so called; the or the doctrine of compounding medicines. small bones of the fingers and toes. Ruff. Ephes. de Ap- PHARMACI (Ant.) pupparei

, two persons, whose office it pellat. Part. Corp. human; Poll. Onom. 1. 2, segm. 144. was to purify the city of Athens at the feast of the TharPHALA'RICA (Ant.) a sort of missile weapon, composed of gelia.

pitch, sulphur, and tow, that was employed for the pur- PHARMACOCHY'MIA (Chem.) from Pcéppearov, a medipose of setting buildings and other things on fire. Liv. cine, and xia, to pour ; that part of chemistry which treats 1. 21, c. 8; Veget. I. 9, c. 18.

of the preparation of medicines. PHA'LARIS (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 3 Triandria, PHARMACOPCE'IA (Med.) from Pápuaxer, a medicine, and Order 2 Digynia.

solta, to make; a dispensary, or collection of medicines. Generic Character. Cal. double. - Cor. two-valved. — PHARMACO'POLIST (Med.) pupilaxonwins, a seller of meStam. filaments three; anthers oblong. - Pist. germ

dicines. ovate; styles two; stigmas villose.Per. none; seed one. PHARMACOPO’NIA (Med.) from pépucerov, a medicine, Species. The species are annuals, as ihe-Phalaris cana and us, to drink; a liquid medicine. riensis

, Cultivated Canary-Grass. Phalaris aquatica, PHA'RMACY (Med.), papuaxis, from cóproxov, medicine; Water Canary-Grass.-Phalaris arenaria, seu Phleum, that part of physic which teaches the choice and preparaSea Canary-Grass, &c.

tion of medicines. PHA'LAROPÉ (Orn.) the Tringa lobata of Linnæus, a PHARNACEUM (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 5 Pensort of water fowl of the Plover or Lapwing kind.

tandria, Order 3 Trigynia. PHALE'CIAN (Poet.) an epithet for verses of eleven sylla Generic Character. CAL. perianth five-leaved.-Cor. none. bles.

-Stam. filaments five; anthers bifid.-Pst. germ ovate; PHA'LERÆ (Ant.) Páscepa, among the Greeks were trap styles three ; stigmas blunt. Per. ovate; seeds many.

pings for the horses; but, among the Romans, the phaleræ, Species. The species are annuals, as the Pharnaceum signified military rewards bestowed for some act of signal cerviana, Trichelles, seu Alsine, Umbelled Pharnaceum. bravery, which are contrasted with the torques.

-Pharnaceum mollugo, seu Mollugo, &c. Sil. Ital. l. 15, v. 252.

PHA'ROS (Ant.) or Pharus, Gápos; a watch-tower, or lightpháleris hic pectora fulget

house, to serve as a guide to the ships. It was so called Hic torque aurato circumdat bellica colla.

from the island Pharos, where it was first erected. Juv. Sat. 16, v. 60.

Stat. Sylv. 1. 3.

Teleboumque domos, trepidis ubi dulcia nautis
Ut læti phaleris omnes, et torquibus omnes.

Lumina noctivaga tollit pharus æmula lunæ. PHALLAGOGIA (Ant.) φαλλαγώγια, otherwise called περι Cæs, de Bell. Civ. 1. 3, c. 112; Plin. l. 5, c. 31; Suet. in

Quansa; a ceremony at the festival of the Dionysia, so Calig. c. 46; Heroilian. l. 4, c. 2.

called from Quanoi, the poles which were carried about. PHA'RUS (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 21 Monoecia, PHALLOBETUS (Bot.) another name for the Phallus of Order 6 Hexandria. Linnæus.

Generic Character, Cal. two-valved.-Cor. two-valved. PHALLUS (Bot.) a genus of Fungi.

-STAM. filaments six; anthers linear.- Pist. germ linear; Generic Character. Fungus uneven on the under surface. styles simple; stigmas three.-PER. none; seed oblong.

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