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Species. The species are the Pharus latifolius, ciliatus, et PHELLA'NDRIUM (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 5 Penaristatus.

tandria, Order 2 Digynia. PHARYNGÆUS (Anat.) a muscle of the pharyns; the Generic Character. Cal. universal. - CoR. universal. office of which is to assist in the act of deglutition.

Stam. filaments five; anthers roundish. - Pist. germ PHARYNGE'THRON (Anat.) the Pharynx, or fauces. inferior; styles two; stigma blunt.-Per. none; seeds PHARYNGO-STAPHILI’NI (Anat.) a muscle of the pha two. rynx.

Species. The species are biennials, as the-Phellandrium PHA'RYNX (Anat.) Dépurt, the upper part of the Eso aquaticum, seu Ligusticum, Common Water-Henilock. phagus, consisting of three pair of muscles.

Phellandrium mutellina, Meum, seu Daucus, &c. PHA'SCUM (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 24. Cryptogamia, PHE'LLOS (Ant.) Praes, a festival of Bacchus preparatory Order 3 Musci.

to the Dionysia. Suidas. ; Schol. Aristoph. in Nub. PHASE'LUS (Ant.) a Campanian ship, which, according to Phellos (Bot.) the Quercus phellos of Linnæus. Virgil, was painted.

PHELYPÆ'A (Bot.) the Capraria durantifolia of Linnæus. Virg. Geog. 1. 4, v. 289.

PHEON (Her.) a kind of missile instrument
Et circum pictis velitur sua rura phaselis.

or dart with a barbed head. The head is fre

quently borne in coat armours, and termed according to Horace, it was fragile, or small.

a Pheon's Head, in Latin Ferrum Jaculi, in Horat. I. 3, od. 1, v. 29.

French Fer de Dard ; as “ He beareth, - fragilemque mecum

azure, a chevron between three pheons, or, Solvat phuselum.

on a chief, argent, three roses, gules, seeded

and barbed proper ; by the name of Swayn.". Catullus calls it the swiftest sailor.

PHEREPHATTIA (Ant.) Otpepéétti4, a festival at Cyzicum, Catull. Epig

wherein a black heifer was sacrificed to Pherephatta, or Phaselus ille, quem videtis hospites

Proserpine. Plut. in Lucull.
Ait fuisse navium celerrimus.

PHIAL (Mech.) dicéam, a little glass bottle, particularly such
Cic. ad Altic. 1. 1. ep. 13; Acron. ad Horat.; Serv. in Virg. as are used by apothecaries.
Gyrald. de Navig. c. 18; Scheff. de Variet. Nav. apud PHIDI'TIA (Ant.) Qedimo, the common suppers among the
Gronov. Ant. Græc. tom. xi. p. 776.

Lacedæmonians, which were kept in the open streets with PHASEOLUS (Bot.) or Phaselus, Ouchonos, a plant, other great temperance. Aristot. Polit. I. 2, c. io.

wise called aócos, or doróxos. It derives its name from the PHILADE'LPHIANS (Ecc.) a sect so called because they shape of its pod, which resembles in form the vessel called affected brotherly love. the Phaselus. Dioscor. l. 2, c. 130; Columel. de Re Rust

. PHILADE'LPHUS (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 12 1. 2, c. 10; Gal. de Alim. Facult. I. 1, c. 28 ; Oribas. Med. Icosandria, Order 1 Monogynia. Coll. l. 11.

Generic Character. Cal. perianth one-leaved.-Cor. pePuascolus, in the Linnean system, a genus of plants, tals sour.-Stam. filaments twenty; anthers erect.-Pist. Class 17 Dindelphia, Order 4 Decandria.

germ inferior ; style filiform; stigma simple.- Per. capGeneric Character. Cal. perianth one-leaved.---Cor. pa sule ovate; seeds oblong.

pilionaceous.-Stam. diadelphous; anthers ten.-Pist, Species. The species are shrubs, as the — Philadelphus germ oblong; style filiform ; stigma blunt. -Per. long; coronarius, Syringa, seu Fruter, Common Syringa.seeds kidney-form.

Philadelphus scoparius, seu Melaleuca, Myrtle-leaved Species. The species are annuals, as the-Phaseolus vill Syringa, &c. garis, seu Smilax, Common Kidney-bean. - Phasiolus PHILADY'NAMOS (Med.) an epithet for water as a salusemierectus, Dark Red-flowered Kidney-bean. - -Phascolus nanus, Dwarf Kidney-bean.-Phaseolus maximus, || PHILANTHROPUS (Bot.) p:násopozos, the burr, so called seu Candelium, Hairy-podded Kidney-bean, &c.

from its sticking to the clothes. Plin. 1. 24, c. 19. PHA'SES (Astron.) from Quiow, to appear ; the various ap- || PHILI'PPINES (Ecc.) a society of young women at

pearance of the moon at different ages, being at one time a Rome. crescent, then a semicircle, then gibbous, and lastly, full; PHILI'PPISTS (Ecc.) a sect or party among the Lutherans, when she returns by the same gradation to the state who adopted the notions of Philip Melancthon. of a New Moon. Venus and Mercury have also their PHILIPPICA (Ant.) Philippics, invectives, or biting oraphases, which are similar to those of the moon. [vide tions, so called from the orations of Demosthenes, which Astronomy]

were directed against Philip King of Macedon. Phases also denote the appearance of the sun and moon PHILLY'REA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 2 Diandria, when eclipsed.

Order 1 Monogynia. PHASGA'NIUM (Bot.) the herb Sword-Grass.

Generic Character. Cal. perianth one-leaved.-Cor. pe. PHASIA'NUS (Orn.) a genus of Birds of the Order Galline. tals one.-STAM. filaments two; anthers oblong.–Pist. Generic Character. Bill short, strong; cheeks covered germ superior ; style filiform; stigma thick.- Per. berry

with a smooth, naked skin; legs generally with spurs. ovate; seeds solitary. Species. The principal species are the-Phasianus gallus, Species. The species are the-Phillyrea media, Lancethe domestic Cock and Hen.-Phasianus colchicus, the leaved Phillyrea.-Phillyrea angustifolia, Narrow-leaved Common Pheasant.-Phasianus mexicanus, the Courier Phillyrea, &c.

Pheasant.-- Phasianus cristatus, the Crested Pheasant. PHILLYRE A'STRUM (Bot.) another name for the Morinda PHA’TNIUM (Anai.) the socket of a tooth.

of Linnæus. PHAUSI'NGES (Med.) Pavoiryes, red circles in the leg pro- PHILOCHA'RES (Bot.) the herb Horehound. duced by the heat of the fire.

PHILI'PPUS (Ant.) a gold coin called after Philip, King of PHEASANT (Orn.) a well-known bird, the Phasianus of Macedon, with whose effigy it was stamped. Hor. l. 2,

Linnæus, the cock of which has a comb on the crown, epist. 1, v. 234. and two wattles on the head. It is very courageous, PHİLO'LOGY (Lit.) Pinodoyice, from piros, loving, and tóyes, watchful, and proud; has a piercing sight; and claps its

or speech; the study of language in its most wings before it sings. The female lays the whole year,

extended signification, comprehending grammar, etymoand after laying makes a loud clucking.

logy, and criticism.

tary diluter.

reason

seeds many.

PHILO'NIUM (Med.) an anodyne electuary.

PHLEGO'SIS (Med.) préywois, an inflammation. PHILOSOPHA'STER (Lit.) a smatterer in philosophy. PHLE'ME (Vet.) vide Fleam. PHILO'SOPHER'S Stone (Alch.) a long-souglit-før pre- PHLE'UM (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 3 Triandria,

paration which was to transmute impure metals, as tin, Order 2 Digynia. lead, &c. into gold.

Generic Character. Cal. glume one-fowered.—Cor, twoPHILOSOPHICAL Egg (Chem.) a thin glass vessel in the valved. - Stam. filaments three; anthers oblong. form of an egg, used in long digestions.

Pist. germ roundish ; styles two; stigmas feathered.PHILO'SOPHY (Lit.) piros opíc, from décos, loving, and Per. none ; seed single.

copic, wisdom; the study of things as to their causes, Species. The species are perennials, as the-Phleum praeffects, and properties, &c. It is mostly distinguished into tense, seu Gramen, Meadow Cat's-Tail.-Phleum alpinatural philosophy, which treats only of material objects; num, Alpine Cat's-Tail. – Phleum nodosum, Knoband moral philosophy, which considers man only in his Rooted Cat's-Tail, &c. Bauh. Hist.; Bauh. Pin.; moral character, or as a rational agent.

Ger. Herb.; Park. Theat. Bot.; Raii Hist.; Tourn. Inst. PHILOSTO'RGY (Nat.) Qidos oprice, from díros, dear, and PHLIÆ (Mech.) Prices, pieces of wood, in machines, that

sopris, affection; the natural affection which one has for stand opposite to each other like the posts of doors. those who are near and dear, as the affection of parents PHLO'AS (Con.) a genus of animals, Class Vermes, Order towards children.

Testacea. PHI'LTER (Med.) a drug or preparation which was sup Generic Character Animal an Ascidia ; shell bivalve, diposed capable of exciting love.

varicate ; hinges recurved, united by a cartilage. PÀI'LTRUM (Med.) piazpov, a medicine, or charm, to pro Species. The inhabitants of this genus perforate clay, mote love.

spongy stones, and wood, while in the younger state ; PhilTRUM (Anat.) the hollow or division in the upper lip. and, as they increase in size, they become imprisoned. PHILY'DRUM (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 1 Monandria, They contain a phosphorous liquor of great brilliancy Order 1 Monogynia.

in the dark, which illuminates whatever it touches, or Generic Character. Cal. perianth none.-Cor. petals four. happens to fall upon.

- Stam. filament single ; anthers fastened to the fila- | PHLOGI'NOS (Min.) a precious stone of a flaming colour. ment. — Pist. germ superior. - Per. capsule oblong; Plin. l. 37, c. 10.

PHLOGISTICATED Air (Chem.) another name for Azotic Species. The species is the Philydrum langinosum, seu Gas, or Nitrogen Gas. Garciana, a perennial.

PHLOGISTICI (Med.) an epithet for inflammations and PHILY'RA (Bot.) the bark of the Linden-tree, of which fever attended with a hard pulse and topical pain. ropes were made.

PHLOGI'STON (Chem.) from acriça, to inflame, or catch PHIMO'SIS (Med.) viwwois, a disorder in the glans penis, fire; a name given by Stahl to the inflammable principle,

when it is bound so tight by the præputium that it cannot or the matter of pure fire, which he conceived to be be uncovered ; also a hard carnosity in the anus.

fixed in combustible bodies. PHLA'SMOS (Surg.) from Prów, to bruise; a contusion. PHLOGISTOS (Chem.) ozoviços, from norism, to catch fire ; PHLEBOPALIA (Anat.) pasBomunin, the pulsation of an inflammable, an epithet applied to ether on account of its artery.

great PHLEBORRHAGIA (Med.) 02:Bopocryia, from qiy, a vein, PÅLOGI'TES (Min.) a precious stone which resembled and payroues, to break; the rupture of a vein.

flaming fire. Plin. l. 37, c. 10. PHLEBOTOMUM (Surg.) Paskóropos, a fleam or lancet PHLOGO'SIS (Med.) Inflammation. for letting blood.

PHLO'MIS (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 14 Didynamia, PHLEBOTOMY (Surg.) QXsBotopia, from paét, a vein, and Order 1 Gymnospermia.

répurw, to cut; the opening a vein for the purpose of dis Generic Character. CAL. perianth one-leaved. - Cor, charging some of the blood.

petal one. - STAM. filaments four; anthers oblong.PHLEGM (Med.) Pasy piel, from Préyw, to burn, is used by Pist. germ four-parted; style the length and situation Hippocrates for an inflammation. Gal. Exeges. Hippocrat. of the stamens; stigma bifid.-Per. none; seeds four. Vocab.

Species. The species are perennials, as the — Phlomis PHLEGM (Anat.) a thick and tenacious mucus secreted in fruticosa, Salvia, seu Verbascum, Shrubby Philomis, or the lungs.

Jerusalem Sage.Phlomis Herba venti, seu Marrubium, PHLEGM (Chem.) a watery distilled liquor, in distinction from Rough-leaved Phlomis. - Phlomis zeylanica, Leonurus, ,

a spirituous liquor.-Phlegm of Vitriol, the moisture which seu Cardiaca, &c. Clus. Hist.; Dod. Pempt.; Bauh. is drawn off when calcined vitriol is distilled in order to Hist.; Bauh. Pin.; Ger. Herb.; Park. Theat. Bot.; procure its spirit and oil.

Raii Hist. ; Tourn. Inst. PHLEGMAGOGUE (Med.) from Paéypisk, phlegm, and PHLOX (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 5 Pentandria,

frym, to carry away; medicines which carry off phlegm. Order I Monogynia. PHLEGMA'RIA (Bot.) the Lycopodium of Linnæus.

Generic Character. CAL. perianth one-leaved.--Cor. petal PHLEGMA'SIA (Med.) Parrypiccoin, from Paényo, to burn; an one.-Sram. filaments five; anthers in the throat of the inflammation, particularly that excited by fever.

Corolla. — Pist. germ conical ; style filiform; stigma PHLEGMA'SIÀ (Med.) the second Order in the Class trifid.- Per. capsule ovate ; seeds ovate.

Pyrexiæ in Cullen's Nosology, comprehending those dis Species. The species are shrubs, as the-Phlox paniculata, orders which are characterized by Pyrexia with topical seu Lychnidea, Panicled Lychnidea.- Phlox pilosa, seu pain and inflammation.

Lychnoides, Hairy-leaved Lychnidea, &c. PÅLEGMATORRHAGIA (Med.) from oney use and párromes, || PHLÝCTÆNA (Med.) pauntalvas, small pellucid vesicles

to break; a discharge of mucous phlegm from the nose which contain a serous fluid. through cold.

PHLYCTÆNOIDES (Med.) an epithet for pustules which PHLEGMONE (Med.) Paryporn, from paéyw, to burn; a hot resemble phlyctænæ.

tumour proceeding from an excessive afflux of blood to PHLYCTIS (Med.) vide Phlyctænæ.

any part, attended with redness and a beating pain. PHLY'SIS (Med.) an eruption on the skin from redundance PHLEGMONODES (Med.) vide Phlegmone.

of humours. VOL. II.

) )

2 x

PHLYXA'CION (Med.) or Phlyzacium, from packa, to be || PHOLIDO'DES (Med.) Poridades, squamous; an epithet hot; a pustule on the skin excited by fire.

applied to those who have tumours in the legs. PHO'CA (Zool.) a genus of animals, Class Mammalia, PHO'NASCUS (Ant.) a name given to one who taught the Order Feræ.

modulation of the voice, of whom mention is made in an Generic Character. Fore-teeth acute; upper six, parallel ; inscription; as Titus CLAUDIUS QUIntus MACEDO

lower six, rather obtuse ; tusks twice as long ; grinders PHONASCUS. Quintil. 1. 11, c. 3; Suel. in Aug. c. 74; five or six narrow; ears none; hind-feet fettered.

Tertull. de Pall. c. 5; Gruther. Inscript. p. 89. Species. Animals of this tribe are commonly known in | PHONICS (Mus.) vide Acoustics.

English by the name of the Seal. The principal are PHOʻRIMOS (Min.) another name for Roch-alum. the Phoca barbata, the Great Seal.-Phoca ursina, the PHO'RINE (Anat.) poporin, the skin of any animal. Poh!. Ursine Seal. – Phoca vitulina, the Sea-Calf. - Phoca 1. 6, segm. 55. cristata, the Crested Seal.-Phoca jubata, the Maned PHO'RMINX (Ant.) Dépper't, a stringed instrument like a Seal, &c.

lyre. PHOCENA (Zool.) a smaller kind of Dolphin.

PHO'RMIUM (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 6 Herandria, PHO'DES (Med.) vide Phausinges.

Order 1 Monogynia. PHCE'NICE (Ant.) the South East Wind. Plin. 1. 2, c. 47. Generic Character. Cal. perianth none.—Cor. petals six. PHOENICI'TIS (Min.) a precious stone. Plin. l. 37, c. 10. Stam. filaments six ; anthers erect. — Pist. germ PHENICIUS Morbus (Med.) vide Elephantiasis.

blunt ; style filiform ; sligma simple.--Per. capsule obPH@NICOBA'LANUS (Bot.) the fruit of the Egyptian long; seeds many palm-tree. Plin. l. 12, c. 22.

Species. The single species is the Phormium tenaz, Chla. PHENICO'PTERUS (Orn.) a bird which derives its name midia, New Zealand Flax-plant.

from its purple colour. The tongue of this bird was PHOS (Anat.) ¢ãs, which signifies literally light, is also reckoned a great delicacy.

taken for the black circle round the pupil of the eye. Poll. Mart. 1. 13, epig. 66.

Onom. I. 2, segm. 63.

PHO'SGENE Gas (Chem.) a compound formed by the com-
Dut mihi rubens penna nomen, sed lingua gulosis
Nostra supit.

bination of carbon with carbonic oxide.

PHO'SPHATE (Chem.) a salt formed by the union of phosThe phoenicopterus was an inhabitant of Africa. Senec. phoric acid with different bases; as the Phosphate of AmEpist. 110; Apic. de Re Coquin. 1. 6, c. 7; Plin. 1. 10, monia, Phosphate of Lime, &c. c. 48; Suet. in Calig. c. 57 ; Schol. in Juven. ad Sat. 11, || PHO'SPHITE (Chem.) a salt formed by the combination of v. 139.

phosphorous acid with different bases ; as the Phosphite of PhasicoPTERUS, in the Linnean system, a genus of Birds Ammonia, &c. in distinction from the Phosphate. [vide of the Order Grallæ.

Phosphate and Chemistry] Generic Character. Bill naked, toothed, and bent as if || PHOSPHO'RIA (Ant.) quo capoce; a festival in honour of

broken; nostrils linear; feet four-toed, palmate, the Phosphorus, or Lucifer. Plut. in Colotem.; Hesychius. membranes semicircular on the forepart; hind-tve not PHOSPHO'RIC Acid (Chem.) an acid formed by the comconnected.

bination of muriatic acid with pblogiston, in distinction Species. This bird, called in English Flamingo, combines from phosphorous acid. [vide Phosphorous) the characters of the Anseres and Grallæ, has long legs PHO'SPHORITE (Min.) a mineral salt, in which phosand a large bill, inhabits Africa and South America, phoric acid and lime are the chief ingredients. makes its nest on hillocks in shallow, and lays two PHO'SPHOROUS Acid (Chem.) an acid formed by the white eggs. The flesh of this bird is good, particularly combination of phosphorus with phlogiston. It contains the tongue.

less oxygen than the phosphoric acid. PHENIGÅUS (Med.) foyds, a medicine which causes PHO'SPHORUS (Astron.) the morning-star, or the planet the body to break out into red pimples.

Venus, when she rises before the sun. PHCE'NIX (Bot.) a genus of plants, Appendix Palmæ. PHOSPHORUS (Chem.) a flesh-coloured or yellowish transGeneric Character. Cal. universal.Cor. petals three. parent substance, of the consistence of wax, but brittle

Stam. filaments three; anthers lincar. - Pist. germ during the frost. It is luminous in the common temperaroundish; style short; stigma acute.-Per. drupe ovate; ture of the air, of a rough disagreeable taste, and of a smell seeds single.

like garlic. Its mean specific gravity is 1.770. Phosphorus Species. The single species is the Phæniz dactilifera, seu is never found but in union with oxygen, with which it Dactylis, Dateplum-Tree.

combines in four proportions, forming four several comPhonix" (Myth.) a bird which was supposed, by the an pounds, namely, the Oxide of Phosphorus, Hypophospho

cients, to breed in Arabia, about the size of an eagle; of rous Acid, Phosphorous Acid, and Phosphoric Acid. which there never was but one. It was supposed to live PHO'SPHURET (Chem.) a compound formed by the six hundred years, at the end of which it made its nest of combination of phosphorus not oxygenated with different hot spices which were set on fire by the heat of the sun so bases, as the Phosphuret of lime, the Phosphuret of baas to consume her; from her ashes arose a worm that became another phenix.

PHOSPHURETTED Hydrogen (Chem.) Phosphorus disPhenix (Her.) this bird is represented in coat

solved in hydrogen gas. armour in flames, as in the annexed figure.

PHOTEL (Bot.) a tree much resembling the Banana“ Field gules, a Phenix, argent, in flames

tree, proper." These were the arms of Fenwick

PHOTI'NIANS (Ecc.) a sect of heretics in the fourth cenof that Ilk, which are said to betoken immor

tury, the followers of Photinus, bishop of Sirmisch, who tality.

revived the errors of Sabellius, Cerinthus, and Ebion. PAENIX ( Astron.) a southern constellation, which, according S. Epiphan. Hær. 33; S. Hieron. de Script. Eccl.; Theoto the British Catalogue, contains thirteen stars.

doret. de Hær. Fab. 1. 2; Sulpit. Sever. 1.2; Baron. Annal. PHO'LAS (Con.) the name of a shell-fish much resembling Ann. 347. a muscle.

PHOTOPHO'BIA (Med.) an intolerance of light from too PHO'LIS (Metal.) a scale of metal.

great a sensibility in the retina of the eye.

PHOTO'PSIA (Med.) an affection of the eye, in which the slaves. Plaut. Capt. aci 3. scen. 5, v. 93; Turneb. Adv.

patient perceives luminous rays, ignited corruscations, 1. 14, c. 5. &c. &c.

PHYLACTERY (Ant.) Qulaxtúpie, from Quadrow, to keep, PHO'XINOS squamosus (Ich.) a river-fish mentioned by i. e. things to be kept with care; scrolls of parchment in Linnæus.

which the Ten Commandments, or other passages of ScripPHRAGMI'TES (Bot.) the common reed.

ture, were written; these were worn by the Pharisees on PHRAGMOS (Med.) from opárra, to enclose; the rows of their foreheads, arnis, and hem of their garments, and were teeth.

looked upon as amulets, or charms, by which diseases PHRASIUM (Min.) Flos Æris.

could be removed. PHRATRIARCH (Ant.) Opa zpáxpxos, an Athenian officer PHY'LARCH (Ant.) durapzos, an Athenian officer who had who presided over a Ofa zpíc, or third part of a tribe.

the government of a tribe. Poll. Onom. I. 1, segm. 128. PHRENES (Anat.) the diaphragm.

PHY’LICA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 5 Pentandria, PHRENE'SIS (Med.) vide Phrenitis.

Order 1 Monogynia. PHRENIC (Anat.) an epithet for what belongs to the dia Generic Character. CAL. common.-Cor. none.-STAM.

phragm, as the phrenic arteries, phrenic nerve, and phrenic filaments five; anthers simple.—Pist. gerin at the botvein.

tom of the corolla; styles simple; stigmas obtuse. PHRENI'SMUS (Med.) vide Phrenitis.

Per. capsule roundish; seeds solitary. PHRENI'TIC (Anat.) vide Phrenic.

Species. The species are shrubs, as the-Phylica ericoides, PHRENI'TIS Med.) Opevítás, phrensy, or inflammation of seu Alternoides, Heath-leaved Phylica.— Phylica imber

the brain; so called because it was supposed to arise from bis, Sanamunda, seu Erica, Beardless Phylica.-Phylica an inflammation of the phrenes, or diaphragm. Hippocrat. stipularis, seu Chamalaa, Stipuled Phylica, &c. Bauh. de Morb. l. 1 ; Aret. de Sign. Acut. Morb. 1.1; Trallian. Pin.; Ger. Herb. ; Park. T'heat, Bot.; Raii Hist.; 1.1, c. 13; Cae. Aurel. 1. 1, c. 2.

Tourn. Inst. Phoenitis is a genus of diseases, Class Pyrexia, Order | PHYLLA'CHNE (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 22 DioePhlegmasiæ, in Cullen's Nosology.

cia, Order 1 Monandria. PHRE'NSY (Med.) vide Phrenitis.

Generic Character. Cal. perianth three-leaved.-CoR. petal PHRICODES (Med.) Opixádins; an epithet for a fever at one.-STAM. filaments single; anthers globular.- Pist.

tended with shivering, much after the manner of the semi germ.-Per. berry inferior; seeds many. tertian. Gal. de Diff. Feb. 1. 2, c. 9, and Def. Med.

Species. The species is the-Phyllanche uliginosa, native PHRO'NTIS (Med.) Oportis; intense cogitation, or a painful

of Terra del Fuego. exercise of the mind.

PHYLLA'NDRION (Bot.) a kind of herb growing in PHRYGA'NEA (Ent.) a genus of insects of the Neurop marshes.

terous Order, having the mouth with a horny short man PHYLLA'NTHUS (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 21 Modible; feelers four ; stemmata three; antenna setaceous ; næcia, Order 3 Triandria. wings equal, incumbent.

Generic Character. Cal. perianth one-leaved.-Cor. none. PHRYGIAN Mood (Mus.) a lively kind of music which Stam. filaments three; anthers twin. — Pist. germ

was adapted to martial instruments, as trumpets, haut roundish; styles three; stigma blunt. - Per. capsule boys, &c.

roundish; seeds solitary. PHRYGIUS Lapis (Min.) Operyios nidos; a sort of pumice Species. The species are annuals, as the Phyllanthus

stone, which was used formerly as an astringent. Dioscor. Niruri, seu Urinaria, Annual Phyllanthus. — Phyllan1.5, c. 141.

thus Urinaria, seu Tsieru.-Phyllanthus emblica, MyroPHRY'MA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 14 Didynamia, balanus, Emblica, seu Nellika. Order 1 Gymnospermia.

PHY'LLIS (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 5 Pentandria, Generic Character. Cal. perianth one-leaved.-Cor. petal Order 2 Digynia. one. -STAM. filaments four; anthers roundish. - Pist.

Generic Character. Cal. perianth small.-Cor. petals five. germ oblong; style filiform; stigma blunt.-- Per. none; -Stam. filaments five; anthers simple.-Pist. germ inseeds single.

ferior; style none; stigmas two.—PER. none; seeds two. Species. The species are the-Phryma Leptostachia, seu Species. The single species is the Phyllis Nobla, Valeria

Verbena, native of North America.-Phryma dehiscens, nella, seu Bupleuroides, Bastard Hare's ear. native of the Cape of Good Hope.

PHYLLI'TIS (Bot.) the Asplenium Aristophyllum of Linnæus. PHRY'NIUM (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 1 Monandria, PHY'LLON (Bot.) the Mercurialis tomentosa of Linnæus. Order 1 Monogynia.

PHYLOBA'SILES (Ant.) Quaobao asis; Athenian officers who Generic Character. CAL. spathes many.-Cor. tubular. had the same office, with respect to particular tribes, that

Stam. filament one; anthers oblong.-Pist. germ ovate; the basiles had over the whole commonwealth.

style filiform; stigma blunt.-PER. none; seeds single. PHY'MATA (Med.) purata, signifies generally any preterSpecies. The single species is the Phrynium capitatum, seu natural tumours in any part of the body; but Galen and Naru-kila.

Paulus Æginates take them sometimes for tumours in the PHTHARTICS (Med.) paprixe ; corrupting medicines. glands. Hippocrat. 1. 2, aphor. 15; Gal. Com. in Epid. 1.6; PHTHIRIASIS (Med.) vide Pediculosus Morbus.

Cels. 1. 5, c. 18; Paul. Æginet. 1. 3, c. 22. PHTHIRO'CTONON (Bot.) the Stavisagria.

PHYMA'TODES (Med.) the same as Phymata. PH HI'SIS (Med.) Pulmonary consumption.

PHYMO'SICA Ischuria (Med.) an ischuria from the phiPHTHORIA (Med.) medicines which produce abortion. mosis. PHU (Bot.) Valerian, the Valeriana Phu of Linnaeus. PHYMO'SIS (Med.) vide Phimosis. PHY'CIS (Ich.) a sea-fish resembling perch.

PHYRARNA (Bot.) a species of gum ammoniac. PHYCITES (Min.) a stone having the colour of the fucus, PHYSALIS (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 5 Pentandria, or sea-weed. Plin. l. 37, c. 10.

Order 1 Monogynia. PHY'COS (Bot.) Fucus, sea-weed.

Generic Character. CAL. perianth one-leaved.-Cor. petal PHYGETÀLOŃ (Med.) a red and painful tubercle in the one.-Stam. filaments five; anthers erect.-Pist. germ armpits, neck, and groin.

roundish; style filiform ; stigma blunt.-Per. berry small; PHYLACI'STÆ (Ant.) officers who had charge of the

seeds many.

Pist. germ

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PHLYXA'CION (Med.) or Phlyzacium, from paulow, to be || PHOLIDO'DES (Med.) Poridades, squamous; an epithet hot; a pustule on the skin excited by fire.

applied to those who have tumours in the legs. PHO'CA (Zool.) a genus of animals, Class Mammalia, PHO'NASCUS (Ant.) a name given to one who taught the Order Feræ.

modulation of the voice, of whom mention is made in an Generic Character. Fore-teeth acute; upper six, parallel ; inscription; as Titus CLAUDIUS QUIntus MACEDO

lower six, rather obtuse; tusks twice as long ; grinders PHONASCUS. Quintil. I. 11, c. 3; Suel. in Aug. c. 74; five or six narrow; ears none; hind-feet fettered.

Tertull. de Pall. c. 5; Gruther. Inscript. p. 89. Species. Animals of this tribe are commonly known in | PHONICS (Mus.) vide Acoustics.

English by the name of the Seal. The principal are PHO'RIMOS (Min.) another name for Roch-alum. the Phoca barbata, the Great Seal.-Phoca ursina, the PHO'RINE (Anat.) popoin, the skin of any animal. Pol!. Ursine Seal. Phoca vitulina, the Sea-Calf. – Phoca 1. 6, segm. 55. cristata, the Crested Seal.-Phoca jubata, the Maned PHO'RMINX (Ant.) Gópurrt, a stringed instrument like a Seal, &c.

lyre. PHOCÆ'NA (Zool.) a smaller kind of Dolphin.

PHO'RMIUM (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 6 Hexandria, PHO'DES (Med.) vide Phausinges.

Order 1 Monogynia. PHCE'NICE (Ant.) the South East Wind. Plin. l. 2, c. 47. Generic Character. Cal. perianth none.-Cor. petals six. PHONICI'TIS (Min.) a precious stone. Plin. l. 37, c. 10. Stam. filaments six ; anthers erect. PHENICIUS Morbus (Med.) vide Elephantiasis.

blunt ; style filiform ; sligma simple.-Per. capsule obPH@NICOBA'LANUS (Bot.) the fruit of the Egyptian long; seeds many. palm-tree. Plin. l. 12, c. 22.

Species. The single species is the Phormium tcnat, ChlaPHONICO'PTERUS (Orn.) a bird which derives its name midia, New Zealand Flax-plant.

from its purple colour. The tongue of this bird was PHOS (Anat.) cãs, which signifies literally light, is also reckoned a great delicacy.

taken for the black circle round the pupil of the eye. Poll. Mart. 1. 13, epig. 66.

Onom. I. 2, segm. 63.

PHO'SGENE Gas (Chem.) a compound formed by the com-
Dut mihi rubens penna nomen, sed lingua gulosis
Nustra sapit.

bination of carbon with carbonic oxide.

PHO'SPHATE (Chem.) a salt formed by the union of phosThe phænicopterus was an inhabitant of Africa. Senec. phoric acid with different bases; as the Phosphate of AmEpist. 110; Apic. de Re Coguin. l. 6, c. 7; Plin. l. 10, monia, Phosphate of Lime, &c. c. 48; Suet. in Calig. c. 57; Schol. in Juven. ad Sat. 11, || PHO'SPHITE (Chem.) a salt formed by the combination of v, 139.

phosphorous acid with different bases; as the Phosphite of Pħasicopterus, in the Linnean system, a genus of Birds Ammonia, &c. in distinction from the Phosphate.' [vide of the Order Grallæ.

Phosphate and Chemistry] Generic Character. Bill naked, toothed, and bent as if | PHOSPHO'RIA (Ant.) owo popoce; a festival in honour of

broken; nostrils linear; feet four-toed, palmate, the Phosphorus, or Lucifer. Plut. in Colotem.; Hesychius. membranes semicircular on the forepart; "hind-tve not PHOSPHO'RIC Acid (Chem.) an acid formed by the comconnected.

bination of muriatic acid with phlogiston, in distinction Species. This bird, called in English Flamingo, combines from phosphorous acid. [vide Phosphorous]

the characters of the Anseres and Grallæ, has long legs || PHO'SPHORITE (Min.) a mineral salt, in which phosand a large bill, inhabits Africa and South America, phoric acid and lime are the chief ingredients. makes its nest on hillocks in shallow, and lays two PHO'SPHOROUS Acid (Chem.) an acid formed by the white eggs. The flesh of this bird is good, particularly combination of phosphorus with phlogiston. It contains the tongue.

less oxygen than the phosphoric acid. PHENIGŠUS (Med.) Poiriempos, a medicine which causes PHO'SPHORUS (Astron.) the morning-star, or the planet the body to break out into red pimples.

Venus, when she rises before the sun. PHOENIX (Bot.) a genus of plants, Appendix Palmæ. PHOSPHORUS (Chem.) a flesh-coloured or yellowish transGeneric Character. Cal. universal.- Cor. petals three. parent substance, of the consistence of wax, but brittle

Stam. filaments three; anthers linear. - Pist. germ during the frost. It is luminous in the common temperaroundish; style short; stigma acute.- Per. drupe ovate; ture of the air, of a rough disagreeable taste, and of a smell seeds single.

like garlic. Its mean specific gravity is 1.770. Phosphorus Species. The single species is the Phænic dactilifera, seu is never found but in union with oxygen, with which it Dactylis, Dateplum-Tree.

combines in four proportions, forming four several comPhenix" (Myth.) a bird which was supposed, by the an pounds, namely, the Oxide of Phosphorus, Hypophospho

cients, to breed in Arabia, about the size of an eagle; of rous Acid, Phosphorous Acid, and Phosphoric Acid. which there never was but one. It was supposed to live PHO'SPHURET (Chem.) a compound formed by the six hundred years, at the end of which it made its nest of combination of phosphorus not oxygenated with different hot spices which were set on fire by the heat of the sun so bases, as the Phosphuret of lime, the Phosphuret of baas to consume her ; from her ashes arose a worm that be

rytes, &c. came another phænix.

PHOSPHURETTED Hydrogen (Chem.) Phosphorus disPhenix (Her.) this bird is represented in coat

solved in hydrogen gas. armour in flames, as in the annexed figure.

PHOTEL (Bot.) a tree much resembling the Banana“ Field gules, a Phenix, argent, in flames

tree. proper." These were the arms of Fenwick

PHO'TI'NIANS (Ecc.) a sect of heretics in the fourth cenof that Ilk, which are said to betoken immor

tury, the followers of Photinus, bishop of Sirmisch, who tality.

revived the errors of Sabellius, Cerinthus, and Ebion. Phenix (Astron.) a southern constellation, which, according S. Epiphan. Hær. 33; S. Hieron. de Script. Eccl.; Theoto the British Catalogue, contains thirteen stars.

doret. de Hær. Fab. 1.2; Sulpit. Sever. 1.2; Baron. Annal. PHO'LAS (Con.) the name of a shell-fish much resembling Ann. 347. a muscle.

PHOTOPHOBIA (Med.) an intolerance of light from too PHO'LIS (Metal.) a scale of metal.

great a sensibility in the retina of the eye.

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