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· or both Houses of Parliament, that have not had the PROSTHAPHÆRESIS (Astron.) apostapaiperis; another

Royal Assent, must begin de novo, at the next meeting, name for the Equation, or the difference between the true whích circumstance distinguishes a prorogation from an and mean motion, so called because it is sometimes to be adjournment.

added to, and sometimes to be taken from the mean moPROSCENIUM (Ant.) apor xuvey, a place before the scenes, tion, to make the true one; it is equal to the angle formed

in which players acted. Poll. Onom. I. 4, segm. 123. at the planet, and subtended by the eccentricity of its or PROSCRIPTIO (Polit.) a punishment in use among the bit : thus, if S be the sun, P the place of the

Romans, which bore some analogy to our outlawry. The planet in its orbit A PB, of which C is the names of the Proscripti, or persons suffering the proscrip centre, then the mean anomaly is the angle tion, were fixed up in tablets at the forum to the end that ACP, the true anomaly ASP, and the difthey might be brought to justice, a reward being offered ference of the two C P S is the prosthaphæto those who took, and punishment threatened against resis. Ricciol. Almag. Nov. 1. 3.

those who concealed them. Sigon. de Judic. I. 1, c. 18. Prosthesis (Gram.) a figure whereby a letter or syllable is PROSARTHRO'ŞIS (Anat.) - por cepêpaces, the same as Adar added to the word, as tetuli for tuli. ticulation.

PROSTRATUS (Bot.) the same as Procumbens. PROSE (Lit.) á term applied to any unmeasured form of PRO'STYLE (Archit.) spoçunos'; a building that has pillars expression, as distinguished from verse.

only in front. PROSECU'TION (Law) the pursuing of any one in a suit | PROTA'SIS (Rhet.).apóteous; the enunciation or proposition or action, criminal or civil.

of the thing to be explained; the argument of a play, PROSERPINACA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 3 Tri Aristot. Rhet. 1. 1, c. 3 ; Dionys. Jud. Isæi, c. 15; Hermog. andrin, Order 3 Trigynia.

respi sup. I. 1, ed. Ald. p. 28. Generic Character. Cal. perianth three-parted. - Cor. PROTEA (But.) a genus of plants, Class 4, Tetrandria,

none.--STAM. filaments three, awl-shaped.-Pist. germ Order 1 Monogynia, so called from the variableness of its inferior; style none; stigmas three, pubescent.- Per. fructifications, drupe small, juiceless ; seed nut somewhat bony, the Generic Character. Cal. perianth usually imbricate. oblong kernels of which are fastened by a thread.

Cor. universal uniform ; proper one, two, or four-petal. Species. The single species is the Proserpina palustris, led.-Sran. filaments four; anthers linear.- Pist. germ seu Trixis, a marshy plant of Virginia.

superior, awl-shaped; stigma simple.--Per. none; calyr PROSEU'CHÆ (Theol.) #p=0su%ai, places of prayer among unchanged; seeds solitary; receptacle naked, villose.

the Jews, which are supposed to have been similar to their Species. Plants of this genus are beautiful, elegant shrubs, synagogues.

as the- Protea decumbens.--Protea cyanoides, seu CyaPROSODY (Gram.) zporadix, that part of grammar which dendrum, seu Cyanus.- Proten spherocephala, seu Ane

teaches the pronunciation of words according to a certain thifolius. - Protea serraria, Serrariit, seu Abrotanoides. rule or measure. Under prosody are comprehended ac. - Protea cucullata, Hypophyllocarpodendron, seu Scolycents, breathings, quantity, time, &c. (vide Accents, mocephalus, &c.Protea abyssinica, seu Gagnedi.- ProGrammar, &c.)

tea mellifera, seu Lepidocarpodendron, &c. PROSONOMA'SIA (Rhet.) spororouecería, a figure wherein || PROTECTION (Law) that safety and benefit that every

allusion is made to the likeness of a sound in several names subject has by the law.

and words, answering to what is now called a pun. PROTECTOR (Polit.) the title given to one who is chosen PRO'SOPIS (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 1o Decandria, to govern during the minority of a prince. This title was Order 1 Monogynia.

assuined by Oliver Cromwell during the interregnum, Generic Character. CAL. perianth one-leaved. Cor. petals PROTESIL A'IA (Ant.) **WT svinásica; a festival celebrated

five, lanceolate. - STAM. filaments ten equal; anthers by the Chersonesians and Thessalians, in honour of Proincumbent.–Pist. germ oblong; style filiform; stigma tesilaus, who was the first Grecian slain by Hector. Pind. simple. - Per. legume oblong, linear; seeds many, Schol. in Isth. od. I. roundish oblong,

PRO’TEST (Com.) an instrument drawn up in writing, and Species. The single spécies is the Prosopis spicigera, a tree. attested before a justice of the peace by the master of a PROSOPOPE'IA (Rhet.) spoor wiwzo.jx, a rhetorical figure, merchant ship, and a part of the ship's crew, after the

wherein dead persons are introduced as living, or inani expiration of a voyage, describing the severity of the mate objects are represented as speaking and acting like voyage, whereby the ship has suffered or may suffer in her animate objects. Cic. de Orat. 1. 3, c. 52; Quintil. 1. 9, hull, &c. c.,?; Demet. de Eloc. ģ 265; Apsin. Art. Rhet. apud to Protest (Law) to declare openly against the proceed. Ald. p. 707

ings of any judge, or court, to which one will not yield PROSPECTIVE Glass (Opt.) a glass set in a frame to view obedience. things at a distance.

PROTESTANTS (Ecc.) a name given to the first reformers PROSPE/GMA (Med.) from a peor mpúys, to fix near; a fixing in Germany, on account of the public protestation they of humours in one spot.

made at Spire in Germany, in 1528, to appeal from the PROSPHEROMENA (Med.) apos Ospipoa; ineats or medi decrees of the emperor Charles V. to a General Council. cines taken inwardly.

It has since been applied to all who by seceding from the PRO'SPHYSIS (Med.) spór Quris; a coalition or growing Ronish Church virtually renounce and protest against its

together of two parts, as when two fingers grow to each usurpations. other.

PROTESTA'TION (Law) a defence or safeguard to the PROSTATÆ (Anat.) the Prostate Glands.

party who makes it from being concluded by the action he PRO'STATES (Ant.) apogérns; any patron among the Athe is about to do, that issue cannot be joined by it.

nians to whom foreigners committed themselves. [vide PROʻTHESIS (Ant.) vide Collocatio. Metecil

PROTHO'NOTARY (Law) from protonotarius, a chief noPROSTETHIS (Anat.) após nous, the forepart of the breast; tary, or scribe; a chief clerk of the King's Bench and

also the fleshy part in the palms of the hands and soles of Common Pleas. In the latter court there are three who the feet.

enter and enrol all declarations, pleadings, recognizances, PROSTETHIS (Surg) that which fills up what was wanting, &c. and make out all judicial writs ; but in the King's as when fistulous ulcers are filled up with flesh.

Bench there is one who records all civil actions, &c.

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PRO'THYRUS (Archit.) vide Ancones.

them.- Provost in France, a magistrate of the police who PRO'THYRUM (Archit.) vide Diathyra.

took cognizance of all offences against the public peace. PRO'TIODIDE |Chem.) a compound of phosphorus and Provost Marshal (Mil.) is an officer who seizes and secures iodine.

all deserters, and also sets a rate on the provisions for the PROTIUM (Bot.) the Amyris protium of Linnæus.

army. PROTOCHLORIDE (Chem.) a combination of chlorine Provost Marshal (Mar.) a similar officer in the Royal Navy, and phosphorus.

who has the charge of prisoners taken at sea. PROTOCOL (Law) *pwróxoador, in Latin protocollum; the Provost of Merchants (Com.) a chief magistrate of the city first draught of a deed, contract, or instrument.

of Paris. PROTOFORESTER (Law) he who was formerly appointed PROW (Mar.) in French proue, Italian proda, Latin prora; "

chief of Windsor, to hear all causes of death or maim, the fore-part of the ship, i. e. that part of the fore-castle or of the slaughter of the King's deer.

that is aloft, and not in the hold; it is properly that part PROTOGA'LA (Anat.) beestings, or the first milk after the between the chace and the loof. cow has brought forth her young

PRO'XY (Law) from proximus, the next; a deputy, or one PROTOMARTYR (Ecc.) πρωτομάρτυρ, from πρώτος first, and who acts for another in his absence. Every peer of the

peceptus, a martyr; he who first bears testimony to the truth realm who is called to parliament has the privilege of by his death, or sufferings, as Abel in the Old Testament, constituting a proxy to vote for him in his absence on a and St. Stephen in the New.

lawful occasion.-Proxy, among Civilians, is the commis. PRO'TOPLAST (Theol.) - patół 450c; a title given to Adam, sion of a proctor from his client to manage his cause in our forefather.

his behalf; and Proxies are also annual payments made PROTOTYPE (Gram.) from spørótuzov, a prototype, or by parochial clergy to the bishop.

original type of any thing; a primitive or original word. TO PŘUNE (Hort.) to trim trees by cutting off the super-
PROTRACTING (Mens.) laying down the dimensions of a fluous branches.
place by means of a protractor.

To PRUNE (Falcon.) is said of a hawk that picks herself. PROTRACTING PIN (Mech.) an instrument for pricking PRUNE'LLA (Med.) a term formerly used for a dryness of off degrees and minutes from the protractors.

the throat and tongue which attends continual fevers. PROTRACTOR (Mech.) an instrument to lay down angles Prunella (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 14 Didynamia,

of any assigned quality or degree; or to find the quality Order 1 Gymnospermia. ,
or degrees any angles contains.

Generic Character. Cal. one-leaved.--Cor. one-petalled;
PROTRACTOR (Surg.) an instrument used by surgeons for tube cylindrical; throat oblong.--STAM. filaments four;

removing all foreign and offensive bodies from a wound; it awlshaped. — Pist. germ four-parted; style filiform; is used much after the manner of a forceps.

stigma bifid.-Per. none; calyr closed; seeds four. PROTRYGI'A (Ant.) sporcumuz; a festival in honour of Species. The species are perennials, as the - Prunella Neptune and Bacchus, who was surnamed Mpotporinas, i. e. vulgaris, seu Brunella, Common Self-Heal

. - Prunella from 7pit, new wine.

lacinata, seu Symphytum. - Prunella hyssopifolia, &c.-PROVE'DITOR (Mil.) a great military officer in Italy who Clus. Hist.; Bauh. Hist.; Bauh. Pin.; Ger. Herb. ; was attached to the general of an army.

Raii Hist. &c.
PROVE'NZALA (Bot.) the Calla palustris of Linnæus. Prunella is also the name of the Cleonia lusitania.
PRO’VER (Law) the same as Approver.

PRUNE'LLO (Bot.) a fine sort of plum.
PROVINCE Rose (Bot.) or Provence Rose, the Rosa pro PRUNIFERA (Bot.) the Laurus persea of Linnæus.

vincialis of Linnæus; one of the most fragrant roses that PRU'NING Chisel (Hort.) an instrument for pruning trees.
grows in our gardens. There are different varieties of the PRU'NUM (Bot.) the Averrhoe of Linnæus.
Province Rose, as the White Province, the Blush Province, PRU'NUS, in the Linnean system, a genus of plants, Class 12
and the Dwarf Province. The flowers of this rose are some Icosandria, Order 1 Monogynia.
times very large, and the petals fold closely over each other Generic Character. Cal. perianth one-leaved.-Cor. petals
like cabbages, whence this sort has been called Cabbage five, roundish.--STAM. filaments from twenty to thirty,

Rose. The Moss Rose is also a sort of Province Rose. awlshaped ; anthers twin, short.- Pist. germ superior ;
PROVI'NCIAL Synod (Ecc.) an assembly of the clergy of style filiforın, the length of the stamens; stigmas orbicu-
a particular province.

lar.- Per.drupe roundish; seed nut, roundish,compressed. TO PROVI'NE (Hort.) to lay a vine stock, or branch, in the Species. Plants of this genus are distinguished in English ground to take root.

by the name of the Cherry, Apricot, Plum, Laurel, &c. PROVISION (Law) a term in the Canon Law for the The principal species are as follow, namely the-Prunus

Pope's providing a bishop with a living previous to the padus, Paàus, Cerasus, seu Pseudoligustrum, Common death of the incumbent.

Bird Cherry-Tree. Prunus cerasus, Cerasus, seu Cea Provision (Com.) the allowance made to a factor.

rasa, Common or Cultivated Cherry-Tree. Prunus PROVI'30 (Law) a clause, caveat, or condition, made in mahaleb, Mahaleb, seu Macaleb, Perfumed Cherry-Tree.

any deed or writing, without the performance of which the · Prunus domestica, seu Prunus, Common Plum-Tree. deed becomes void.

- Prunus insititia, the Bullace Plum-Tree. · Prunus Proviso (Mar.) a ship is said to moor a proviso when she spinosa, Sloe Plum-Tree, or Black Thorn.— Prunus ar.

has one anchor out, and a hawser a-shore, being moored meniaca, seu Armeniaca, the Apricot.- Prunus laurocca with her head to the sliore with her two cables.

rasus, seu Laurocerasus, Common Laurel. Clus. Hist.; PROVI'SOR (Archæol.) a patron, or chief governor of a Dod. Pempt.; Bauh. Hist.; Bauh. Pin.; Park. Theat.

college.-Provisor monasterii, the steward or treasurer of Botan. ; Raii Hist, ; Tournef. Instit. &c.
a religious house.

PRURIGO (Med.) the itch, a well-known cutaneous disProvisor Victualium (Archæol.) the King's Purveyor, who order, caused by sharp humours which stagnate in the provided for the accommodation of his court.

skin and corrode the miliary glands. PROVOST (Law) in Saxon profast, in French prevôl, PRURITUS (Med.) the same as Prurigo.

Italian provosto, from the Latin præpositus ; the president PRU'SSIAN Blue (Chem.) a pigment of a beautiful dark of a college, or chief magistrate of a city, as the Lord blue colour, discovered by a chemist of Berlin of the Provost of Edinburgh.-Provost of the Mint, an officer ap name of Diesbach, by the accidental mixture of a solution pointed to approve all the moneyers, and to superintend of vitriol of iron with an alkali which had been highly im

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, pregnated with animal matter. It is a powder which is || PSEUDOBU'NION (Bot.) Winter-Cress.

now commonly procured from bullocks' blood, carbonate PSEUDODIPTEROS (Archit.) a building that counterfeits of potash, vitriol of iron, alum, and muriatic acid, in given a double row of pillars. Vitruv. l. 3, c. 1. proportions.

PSEUDO-DI'PTERON (Archit.) a temple in which the PRUSSIATE (Chem.) a salt formed by the union of Prussic side pillars were let in the wall in the inside, so as to ins acid with different bases, as the Prussiate of Potash, the close the space usually allowed for the porticoes of the pePrussiate of Iron, &c.

ripteron. PRUSSIC Acid (Chem.) an acid obtained from Prussian Blue, | PSEUDO-STELLA (Astron.) any comet or phænomenon

in which it forms what is called the colouring matter. newly appearing in the heavens like a star. PRUTA'NIC Tables (Astron.) astronomical tables for finding PSEUDOTHY'RUM (Archit.) a postern-gate.

the motion of the heavenly bodies, which were framed by PSIDIUM (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 12 Icosandria, Erasmus Rheinoldus.

Order 1 Monogynia. PRY'AN Tin (Min.) a sort of tin found mixed with a gra Generic Character. CAL. perianth one-leaved, five-clefi.velly earth, sometimes white, but usually red.

Cor. petals five, ovate.-STAM. filaments numerous; anPRYK (Archæol.) an old-fashioned spur; also a tenure, or thers small.–Pist. germ roundish, inferior; style awla

service, by which land was held, on condition that the shaped; stigma simple.-Per, berry oval, very large; tenant was to find such pryks for the king:

seeds numerous. PRY'TANES (Ant.) a purchmess; Athenian officers who were Species. The species are trees, as the-Psidium pyriferum,

appointed to preside over the senate. They were elected Guayava, Cugavus, seu Pela, White Guaca.-Psidium from the 500 senators, and were 50 in number. Poll. 1. 8, pumilum, seu Cugavillus, Dwarf Guava, &c.

PSITTACUS (Orn.) a genus of birds of the Order PRYTANE'UM (Ant.) a putassor; the senate-house at Athens, Picæ. where the Prytanes assembled.

Generic Character. Bill hooked; nostrils rounded ; tongue PSALACANTHA (Bot.) an Egyptian plant of which little fleshy, obtuse ; feet formed for climbing. • is known.

Species. Birds of this genus are called in English the PSALLOIDES (Anat.) an epithet for the fornix of the brain. Parrot, Macaw, Parrakeet, and Cockatoo. The followPSA'LMODY (Theol.) Yanmodia, from amplos, a hymn on ing are the principal species, namely, the-Psittacus aca

a sacred subject, and ade, a song; a singing of psalıns, or cipitrinus, the Hawk-headed Parrot.-Psittacus erithacus, blending of poetry with music.

in French Perroquet cendie ou jaco, Common Grey Parrot. PSALTERY (Ant.) adripoor; a kind of musical instru -Psittacus amazonicus, in French le Perroquet amazone, ment.

Amazon Parrot, or Jamaica Parrot.-Psittacus aurora, PSAMMI'SMUS (Med.) 4x pe propeos; a bath of dry warm in French l'Amazone jaune ou le perroquet jaune, Aurora sand for drying the feet of dropsical persons.

Parrot.-Psittacus leucocephalus, in French Amazone à PSAMMODES (Med.) appladins; an epithet for urine that tête blanche, White-fronted Parrot.-Psittacus grandis, in has a gravelly sediment.

French le grand Loris.-Psittacus macao, in French Ara PSATYRIANS (Ecc.) a sect of heretics who branched off rouge ou Ara canga, Scarlet Maccaw.--Psittacus arafrom the Arians.

rauna, in French l'Ara bleu, Blue and Yellow Maccaw, PSEPHISMA (Ant.) the same as Probuleuma.

Psittacus militaris, in French Ara militaire, Military PSEUDÁNCHÙSA (Bt.) Wild Bugloss.

Maccaw.-Psittacus tabuensis, in French la grande Pera PSEUDISODOMON (Archit.) a kind of building in which ruche, Tabuan Parrakeet.-Psittacus eximius, Nonpareil the walls are of unequal thickness. Plin. l. 6, c. 12.

Parrakeet.-Psittacus ornatus, in French la Perruche PSEU'DO (Bot.) from the Greek truding, false, is used fre lori, Lory Parrakeet.-Psittacus gigas, in French le ka.

quently in composition to denote particular plants, as katoes noir, the Black or Giant Cockatoo.—Psittacus follows—Pseudo Acacia, the Robinia hispida of Linnæus. cristatus, White-crested Cockatoo. --Pseudo. Acmella, the Spilanthus pseudo-acmella.--Pseudo PSO'Æ (Anat.) the name of two pair of muscles in the loins, Acorus, the Iris pseudacorus.-Pseudo Apocynum, the Big the Psoas magnus, and the Psoas parvus, which serve to nonia radicans.--Pseudo Asphodelus, the Anthericum ossi bend the thigh forward, and greatly assist in preserving the fragrum.--Pseudo Capsicum, the Solanum pseudo-capsicum. equilibrium of the trunk.

- Pseudo Chamæpilys, the Dracocephalum ruyschiana.-PSOPHIA (Orn.) a genus of birds, Order Grallæ. Pseudo China, the Senecio pseudo-china.-Pseudo Costus, Generic Character. Bil cylindrical ; nostrils oval; tongue the Parthenium integrifolia.-Pseudo Cyperus, the Carex cartilaginous ; feet four-toed. pseudo-cyperus.-Pseudo Cytisus, the Vella pseudo-cytisus. Species. This bird, called in English the Trumpeter, in-Pseudo Dictamnus, the Marrubium pseudo-dictamnus. habits Brasil and Guiana. Pscudo Digitalis, the Dracocephalum virginiacum.-Pseudo PSO'RA (Med.) the itch, a genus of diseases, Class Locales, Fumaria, the Fumaria bulbosa.-Pseudo Gelseminum, the Order Dialysis, in Cullen's Nosology. Bignonia radicans.-Pseudo Gnaphalium, the Micropus su PSORA'LEA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 17 Diadelphia, pinus.-Pseudo Helichrysum, the Baccharis halimifolia. Order 4 Decandria. Pseudo-Heleborus, the Heleborus viridis.-Pseudo Limo Generic Character. Cal. perianth one-leaved.-Cor. papidorum, the Orchis abortiva.-Pseudo-Lotus, the Diospyrus lionaceous. — Sram. filaments diadelphous; anthers lotus.-Pseudo-Lysimachium, the Epilobium angustifolium. roundish.-Pist. germ linear; style awl-shaped; stigma

- Pseudo-Marrubium.-Pseudo-Narcissus, the Anthericum blunt.- Per. legume compressed ; seed kidney-form. serolinum.-Pseudo-Nardus, the Lavandula spica.-Pseudo Species. Plants of this genus are shrubs, as the-Psorele Orchis, the Ophrys ovata.-Pseudo-Platanus, the Acer pinnata, Dorychnium, seu Spartium, Wing-leaved Psopseudo-platanus. - Pseudo-Pisidium, the Eugenia pseudo ralea.- Psoralea bractea, Ononis, seu Trifolium, Ovalpisidium.-Pseudo-Rubra, the Cruccanella angustifolia. spiked Psoralea, &c. Pseudo-Ruta, the Ruta patavena.--Pseudo Sycomorus, the PSORI'ASIS (Med.) a species of cutaneous disorder, in some Melia azederach.-Pseudo-Valeriana, the Valeriana Cor respects similar both to the itch and the leprosy. nucopice.

PSO'RICKS (Med.) ospsxós, medicines for curing the itch. PSEUDOBLEPSIS (Med.) from Isudas, false, and Baéta, to PSOROPHTHA'LMIA (Med.) from tãpe, a scab, and

see ; false or imaginary vision, a genus of diseases, Class ogledpede, the eye; an ulceration and inflammation of the Locales, Order Dysesthesie, in Cullen's Nosology.

eyes, with itching.

PSYCHAGOGICA (Med.) from fuz', the soul, and syaryos, phorata, Pterophorus, seu Conyza, Aromatic Pteronia. a leader; medicines which revive the spirits in fainting.

-- Pleronia oppositifolia, seu Cyanus.-Pteronia stricta, PSYCHOTRIA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 5 Pentan

Flericaulis, &c. dria, Order 1 Monogynia.

PTEROSPERMADENDRON (Bot.) the Plerospermum of Generic Character. Cal. perianth very small, superior.

Linnæus. Cor. monopetalous.-Stam. filaments five; anthers li- PTEROSPERMUM (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 16 Mo. near.- Pist. germ inferior; style filiform; stigma bifid. nadelphia, Order 5 Dodecandria. - Per. berry roundish ; seeds two, hemispherical.

Generic Character. Cal. perianth five-parted.--Cor. petals Species. The species are shrubs, as the Psychotria asia five, oblong, spreading.--STAM. filaments fifteen; anthers ticn, arillaris, laurifolia, &c.

oblong.- Pist. germ roundish; style cylindrical ; stigma PSYCHOTROʻPHUM (Bot.) the Psychotria of Linnæus. thickish.-Per, capsule pedicelled; seeds several, oblong. PSYCHROLU'SIA (Med.) fuxposuria, from Yuxpos, cold, and Species. The two species are trees, as the-Pterospermum júcis, solution; cold baths.

suberi folium, Pentapetes, seu Pterospermodendron.-Pte. PSYCHTICA (Med.), from óxw, to refrigerate ; refrige rospermum aceri folium, &c. - rating medicines.

PTERO'TA (Bot.) the Fagara pterota of Linnæus. PSYDRACIA (Med.) fudpexíu, pimples which break out PTEROTRACHEA (Ent.) a genus of animals, Class Vermes,

upon the skin by reason of the winter's cold. Trallian. Order Mollusca, having a detached gelatinous body, with 1. 1, c. 5.

a moveable fin at the abdomen or tail, and two eyes placed PSY'GMATA (Med.) vide Psychtica.

within the head. PS Y'LLIUM (Bot.) the Plantago psyllium of Linnæus. PTERY'GIUM (Anat.) atspón lov, the wing or round rising of PT A'RMICA (Bot.) the Achillea ptarmica of Linnæus. the nose or eye; the process of the os sphenoides, or wedgePTARMIGAN (Orn.) a sort of Grous, the Tetrao lagopus like bone. Poll. Onom. I. 2, c. 80.

of Linnæus, which inhabits the Alpine parts of Europe, is | PTERU'GIUM (Med.) or pterugion, a film on the eye called stupid, burrows under the snow, runs swiftly, and lays pale a web; also a disorder on the nails resembling a caruncle. rufous eggs.

Cels. l. 6. c. 19. PTELEA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 4 Tetrandria, PTERYGO'DES (Anat.) *Tiporades, the wing-like processes Order 1 Monogynia.

of the os sphenoides. Generic Character. Cal. perianth four-parted.-Cor. pe- PTERYGOIDEUS (Anat.) two processes, called externus

tals four, oblong.--Sram. filaments four, awl-shaped ; and internus, arising from the processus pterygoides of the anthers roundish. Pist. germ ovate; style very short ; os sphenoides. stigmas obsolete. -Per. in the female ; drupe roundish; PTERYGO (Anat.) a word used in composition to denote seeds solitary

muscles that are connected with the pterygoid process. Species. The single species is the Ptelea trifoliata, Three-PTHO'RA (Bot.) the Ranunculus pthora of Linnæus. leaved Ptelea, or Shrubby Trefoil.

PTILI'NUS (Ent.) a division of the genus Hispa, compre. Prelea is also the name of the Dodonæa viscosa of Linnæus. hending, according to Fabricius, those insects that have PTERANTHUS (Bot.) the Camphorosma pteranthus of Lin the lip membranaceous.

P'TILO'SIS (Med.) 7tímwois, a baldness of the eye-lashes. PTERIS (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 24 Cryptogamia, PTI'NUS (Ent.) a genus of insects of the Coleopterous Order, Order 2 Filices.

having the antenna filiform; thorax nearly round. The Generic Character. Fructification in an uninterrupted line. principal species is the Ptinus pulsator, or Death-Watch. Species. The species are, the--Pteris piloselloides, lanceo- PTI'SAN (Med.) *Ticar, a kind of cooling physic drink. lata, lineata, &c.

PTOLEMA'IC system (Astron.) vide Astronomy. PTERNA (Anat.) TTipen; the calcaneum, or second bone of PTO'SES (Med.) tumours caused by protrusion. the foot. Poll. 1. 2, segm. 193.

PTO'SIS (Med.) rrãoss, from ritra, to fall; a falling of the PTEROCARPUS (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 17 Dia

upper eyelid. delphia, Order 4 Decandria.

PTYALI'SMUS (Med.) a salivation. Generic Character. Cal. perianth one-leaved, tubular, PTY'SMAGOGUES (Med.) from 7tów, to spit, and eye, to

bell-shaped. - Cor. papilionaceous. -Stam. filaments lead; whatever causes a discharge of spittle, whether ic ten, united; anthers roundish.---Pist, germ pedicelled; amounts to a salivation or not. style awl-shaped; stigma simple.—Per. legume sickle- PU'BERTY, Age of (Law) the age of fourteen in men, and shaped, varicose ; seed solitary, kidney-shaped.

twelve in women. Species. The species are trees, as the--Pterocarpus draco, PU'BES (Anat.) the external parts of the organs of generaDraco, Moutouchi, seu Lingoum.-Pterocarpus ecasta

tion in both sexes. phyllum, Spartium, seu Hedysarum.-Pterocarpus buti-Pubes (Bot.) pubescence ; i. e. the hairiness or shagginess folius, Aspalathus, seu Amerimnum.

in a plant. The forms of pubescence are, pili, the hairs ; PTÉROCE'PHALUS (Bot.) the Scabiosa pterocephalus. lana, the wool; barba, the beard ; striga, stiff fat hairs; PTEROCOCEUS (Bot.) the Calligonum pallasia of Lin setce, bristles ; hami, hooks; glochides, barbs; to which

have been added glandulæ, glands, but not properly. PTERO'MATA (Archit.) two high walls on each side of a PUBE'TA (Bot.) the same as Duroia. temple or large building. Vitruv. I. 3, c. 2.

PU'BIS OSSA (Anat.) the share bones. PTEYRON (Archit.) stifov, the wing of a building.

PU'BESCENS (Bot.) pubescent; an epithet for the stem, PTERO'NIA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 19 Syngenesia, Jeaf, corolla, and style. Order 1 Polygamia Æqualis.

PUBLIC Faith (Polit.) a pretence to raise money upon what Generic Character. Cal. common imbricate.-Cor. com was called the public faith of the nation, which was put in

pound uniform; corollets hermaphrodite; proper one-pe practice in the time of the rebellion. talled.-Stam. filaments five, capillary; anther cylin. | PUBLICA'NI (Ant.) farmers or receivers of the public drical.- Pist. germ oblong; style filiform; stigma bifid. money.

Per. none; calyx unchanged; seeds solitary ; recep- || PUBLICATION (Law) signifies, in respect to the depositacle chaffy.

tions of witnesses in Chancery, a showing them openly, Species. The species are shrubs, as the--Pteronia cam and giving out copies of them, &c.

3D

næus.

næus,

VOL. II.

yarn, &c.

PU'CCA (Com.) an Indian weight, equal to about '14868 short.- Pist, germs four; style filiform; stigma blunt. English grains.

- Per. none ; calyx unchanged; seeds four. PUCCOO'N (Bot.) the Sanguinaria canadensis of Linnæus. Species. The species are perennials, as the-Pulmonaria PU'DDENING (Mar.) the binding any part with rope officinalis, seu Symphytum, Common Lungwort.-Pul

monaria suffruticosa, seu Lithospermum, Shrubby LungPÚ'DDING of the Anchor (Mar.) a name for the binding wort. Pulmonaria sibirica, seu Anchusa, Siberian

ropes about the anchorings ; also for the ropes nailed to Lungwort.-Pulmonaria maritima, Cerinthe, seu Echium, the arms of the main and fore-yard, near the ends, to save Sea Lungwort. the robbins from galling.

PULMONARIA is also the name of the Hieracium murorum, Pudding Grass (Bot.) the Mentha pulegium of Linnæus. PULMONARIA ARTERIA (Anat.) a vessel in the breast, PUDDING Stone (Min.) a sort of stone, consisting of stony which conveys the blood from the right ventricle of the

fragments, conglutinated by an earthy or metallic cement. heart to the lungs.--Pulmonaria arteria venosa, a vessel PU'DDLING (Mech.) the process by which iron is rendered which, having received the blood out of the pulmonary malleable.

artery, discharges itself into the left ventricle of the heart. PUDE'NDA (Anat.) the organs of generation in the male PULMONA'RIUS (Med.) one who is diseased in the lungs. and female.

PU'LMONARY Consumption (Med.) the same as Phthisis. PUDENDAGRA (Med.) a pain in the Pudenda.

PU'LMONARY ARTERY (Anat.) vide Pulmonaria. PU'DICA Arleria (Anat.) a branch of the internal Iliac PULMO'NES (Anat.) the lungs. artery distributed on the Pudenda.

PULMO'NIA (Med.) an inflammation of the lungs. PUE'R PERAL Fever (Med.) a child-bed fever,

PULMONICS (Med.) medicines good for the lungs. PUERPERIUM (Med.) delivery.

PULP (Bot.) the soft part of roots, fruits, &c. which is PUGILLA'RES (Ant.) the tablets among the Romans which used either as food or in pharmacy, and is extracted by

were covered with wax, so that they might be written boiling and other processes. upon with the stylus. They are called by Homer rivaxes, PU'LPITUM (Ant.) the place where the players among the and are therefore supposed by Pliny to have existed before Greeks and Romans performed their parts. It was lower the Trojan war.

Plin. l. 13, c. 12; Plin. l. 1, ep. 6. than the scena, and higher than the orchestra. Vitruv. PU'FFIN (Orn.) a sort of Auk or Sea-gull, the Alca arctica 1. 5, Č.6.

of Linnæus, which inhabits the northern seas, is about PU'LSATILLA (Bot.) the same as the Anemone. twelve inches long, and lays very fine eggs. This bird | PU'LSATILE (Med.) an epithet for any instrument which flies heavily, but skims very rapidly along the water with is sounded by beating, as the drum, tambourine, &c. its feet.

PULSATION (Med.) a morbid sensation in any part of the PU'GIL (Med.) a small handful, or as much as may be body.

taken up at once between the two fingers and the thumb. PULSA'TOR (Archæol.) a plaintiff, from pulsare, to accuse. PUI'S darrein continuance (Law) a plea of new matter pend Leg. H. 1. apud Brompton. . ing an action. [vide Darrein)

PULSE (Med.) in Greek oQurpos, and in Latin pulsus, from PUISNE (Law) i. e. puny or small; junior or inferior, as pulso, to knock or beat; a beating of the artery from the

the puisne judges in the Court of King's Bench, &c. reciprocal contraction and dilatation of the heart, which PULCO'LLI (Bot.) the Justicia adhatodi of Linnæus.

is to be sensibly distinguished at the wrist, and in other PULEYGIUM (Bot.) the Mentha pulegium of Linnæus. parts. PU'LEX (Ent.) the flea, a genus of insects of the Apterons Pulse (Nat.) the stroke with which any medium is effected

Order, having the mouth without jaws or feelers ; proboscis by the motion of light, sound, &c. long and inflected; antennæ projecting; abdomen com Pulse (Bot.) all sorts of grain contained in husks or shells. pressed; and legs six, formed for leaping.

PULTENE'A (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 10 Decandria, PULICA'RIA (Bot.) the Inula pulicaria of Linnæus.

Order 1 Monogynia. PULK (Polit.) a Russian word for a tribe.

Generic Character. Cal, five-toothed.--Cor. papiliona. PULLA'RIUS (Ant.) a name given by the Romans to the ceous.- Per. legume of one cell.

augur who took omens from the sacred chickens. Cic. de Species. The species are shrubs. Div. 1. 2, c. 34 ; Liv. I. 10, c. 40.

PULVERA'TICUM (Ant.) a tax paid by the Romans to PULLATA VESTIS (Ant) a liabit generally worn by the the surveyors of their high roads. Leo. et Majoram. 1. 1;

common people by way of mourning; the colour of which de Indulg. relig. Novell. ; Guth. de Offic. dom. Aug. 1. 1, was either black or brown. Plin. epist. 1. 7, ep. 17; Suet.

c. 44. in August. c. 40; Ferrar. de Re Vest. I. 1, &c.

PU'LVINAR (Med.) a medicated cushion. PU'LLET (Husband.) a young hen.

PULVINA’TED (Archit.) a frieze which swells out like a PULLET (Mar.) a close room in the hold.

pillow. PU'LLEY-PIECE (Archæol.) a piece of armour for the PU'LVIS fulminans (Chem.) fulminating powder ; a compoknees.

sition which, being put in a shovel over a gentle fire, will VU'LLEY (Mech.) one of the five mechanical powers, con explode with a noise like that of a musket. sisting of a wheel called the sheave, an axis on which it PU’MICE-STONE (Min.) a spungy crumbling stone, useful turns, called the gudgeon or pin, and the fixed piece of in engraving, polishing, &c. wood or brass, into which the pulley is put, called the block. PUMILE'A (Bot.) the Turnera pumilea of Linnæus. [vide Mechanics]-A System of Pullies is an assemblage PUMP (Mech.) a machine for drawing water or any other of several pullies combined together, which Vitruvius calls fluid.-Pump-can, a vessel for pouring water into a pump trispastos, if it consist of three only; pentaspastos, if of to fetch it and make it work.- Air Pump. [vide Pneumnfive; and polyspastos, if of many pullies, Vitruv. 1. 10, tics] c. 3, 5, 16.

PUMP-BRAKE (Mar.) the handle of a pump in a ship.PULLI-SCHOVA'DO (Bot.) the Ipomæa of Linnæus. Pump-dale or Pump-vale, the trough into which the water PULMONARIA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 5 Pen runs that is pumped out, and from that out of the scupper tandria, Order 1 Monogynia.

holes. Generic Character. CAL. perianth one-leaved.--COR. one-PUNCH (Cook.) a composition made of brandy, lemons,

petalled. — Stam. filaments five; anthers erect, very water, and sugar.

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