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Quantity (Algeb.) an expression of indefinite number, || QUARREL of Glass (Com.) a pane, or square piece of glass.

which is usually represented by letters, and constitutes the QUARREL of a Bow (Archer.) in French quarreau, a sort of characteristic of algebraic operations. Algebraic quan dart to be discharged from a cross-bow. tities are either known, unknown, indeterminate, positive, QUA'RRY (Min.) a place from which stones are dug. or negative.-Known Quantities are those which are given | QUARRY (Falcon.) any fowl which the lawk

pursues. or admitted as known, which are usually represented by QUARRY (Sport.) what is given to the hounds by way of rethe first letters of the alphabet, a, b, c, d, e, &c.- Unknown ward after they have taken the game. Quantities are those, the values of which not being known TO QUARRY (Sport.) to feed upon

are to be sought for; these are usually represented by one QUARRYINGS (Mason.) pieces that are broken off from • of the last letters of the alphabet, as z, y, t, w, &c.--In the different materials that are wrought in quarries.

determinate Quantities are those which are assumed at plea- | QUART (Com.) an English measure, the fourth part of a sure, and are denoted by the middle letters as m, n, o, p, gallon. &c.-Positive or affirmative Quantities, are such as are to be Quart (Sport.) a sequence, or suit of four cards at the added, and have the sign +, or plus, prefixed, or under game of picquet. stood, as + ab or a b.- Negative Quantities are to be sub- QUARTA (Mus.) or quarto, an Italian word used in music

tracted, and have the sign -, or minus, prefixed, as — ab. books for four, or the fourth in number. Quantity (Log.) the second category, or predicament, into | QUA'RTAN Fever (Med.) a fourth-day ague, or an ague

which Aristotle distributed all things; it is denoted by the the fit of which returns every fourth day. adverb quam, how, or quantum, how much, how great, QUARTATION (Metal.) a way of purifying gold by meltcomprehending dimensions, number, &c.

ing three parts of silver with one of gold, and then casting QUANTUM meruit (Law) i.e. as much as he deserved; an the mixture into aqua fortis, which dissolves the silver, action on the case grounded on a promise of paying so and leaves the gold in a black powder at the bottom. much as he should deserve, or have earned.- Quantum va QUARTA'NT (Com.) a French wine-measure, three of which lebat, i.e. so much as it was worth, where goods and ware are equal to 100 English gallons. sold are delivered by a tradesman at no certain price; then | QUARTELOI'S (Archæol.) surtouts, or upper garments quantum valebat lies in an action, and the plaintiff is to with coats of arms quartered on them; the habit worn anaver them to be worth so much.

ciently by English knights in warlike expeditions. Walsingh. QUARANTAIN(Polit.) or quarantine; i. e. forty; a denying in Vit. Ed. 2.

of entrance into a healthy place for forty days, to those QUARTER (Arith.) the fourth part of any thing.- Quarter

persons that are supposed to come from any infected place. of a hundred in avoirdupois weight is 28 pounds. QUARANTAIN (Law) the benefit which the law of England | QUARTER (Com.) a corn.measure containing eight bushels. allows to the widow of a landed man, of continuing forty Quarter (Carpent.) a piece of timber four inches square days after his decease, in his capital messuage, or chief and four inches thick. [vide Quarters] mansion-house.

QUARTER (Her.) or franc quartier, a square figure laid as QUARANTAIN (Ecc.) the season of Lent, which is the forty a charge on the field, being formed by two days preceding Easter.

lines, the one drawn from the side of the QUARANTINE (Com.) vide Quarantain.

shield in traverse to the centre, and the other QUARARI'BEA (Bot.) the Myrodia longiflora of Linnæus. perpendicularly from the chief to meet it in QUA'RE clausum fregit (Law) i. e. why he broke the close; the same place, as “ He beareth gules, three

words in an original writ of trespass with which most writs are cinquefoils argent, a franc quartier or, charged commenced.—Quare cum, words used in original writs, &c.— with a sword fesseways azure; the arms of Quare ejecit infra Terminum, a writ which lies by the an Sir Patrick Hamilton, of the Arran family.” cient law where the wrong-doer, or ejector, is not himself QUARTER (Man.) is used in the phrase“ To ride from quarter in possession of the lands, but another who claims under to quarter," i. e. to ride a horse three times upon the first him. F.N.B. 198.- Quare impedit, a writ lying for him of the four lines of a square; then changing the hand to who hath purchased any advowson against a person who ride him three times upon the second, and so to the third hinders or disturbs him in his right of advowson, by pre and fourth, always changing hands and observing the same senting a clerk thereunto when the church is void. Stat. order. Westm. 2, c. 5; F. N. B. 32 ; 2 Inst. 356.- Quare incum- || QUARTER (Vet.) vide Quarters.—A false quarter is when bravit, a writ against the bishop, who, within six months the hoof has a kind of cleft occasioned by a horse's casting after the vacation of a benefice, confers it on his clerk, his quarter and getting a new one; for then the horn be whilst two others are contending at law for the right of ginning to grow is uneven and ugly. [vide Quarters] presentation, to show why he hath incumbered the church. | QUARTER of a ship (Mar.) that part of the ship's hull which Reg. Orig. 32; F. N. B. 48; New Nat. Brev. 108, &c. lies from the steerage to the transum.-Flat Quarler, a Quare intrusit matrimonio non satisfacto, a writ that lay ship is said to have a flat or broad quarter when its tack anciently where the lord proffered convenable marriage to or trussing lies deep in the water. his ward, and he refused and entered the land, and married QUARTER (Mil.) the sparing of men's lives, and giving good himself to another; which writ was done away by the ef treatment to a vanquished enemy, hence the phrase “ To fect of Stat. 12 Car. 2, c. 24.—Quare non admisit, a writ give quarter.” which lies against a bishop who refuses to admit his clerk, Quarter (Astron.) vide Quarters. who has recovered in a plea of advowson. New Nat. Brev. To QUARTER (Mil.) to provide lodgings for soldiers.—Quar106.-Quare non permittit, an ancient writ which lay for ter of assembly, the place where troops meet to march from one who had a right to present to a church, against the in a body; it is the same as the place of rendezvous. proprietary. Fleta, 1. 5, c. 6.—Quare obstruxit, a writ | QUARTER-BULLET (Mil.) a bullet quartered into four against one who fences up his ground, so that they who or eight parts. have a right cannot pass.

QUARTER-DAYS (Law) the days which begin the four QUARENTI'NA (Archæol.) a quantity of land containing quarters of the year, on which rents fall due, and houses 40 perches.

are taken, &c.; they are the 25th of March, or Lady-Day; Quarentina (Law) a writ for a widow to enjoy her qua the 24th of June, or Midsummer-Day; 29th of September, rantain. Bract. l. 2, c. 40; F. N. B. 161.

or Michaelmas-Day ; 25th of December, or Christmas QUA'RREL (Law) any action, real or personal.

Day.

QUARTERA (Com.) a Spanish corn-measure, four of quarters on the outside of each foot. A horse is said to

which are equal to one English quarter, and something more. have a false quarter when the hoof has a kind of cleft ocQUARTERAGE (Com.) money paid quarterly.

casioned by a horse casting his quarter; and, to cast his QUARTER-DECK (Mar.) that aloft the steerage reaching quarter, when for any disorder in his coffin, it is necesto the round-house.

sary to cut one of the quarters of the hoof.- Quarter beQUARTERING (Mar.) a term for a ship when, under sail, hind is said of a horse that has the quarters of his hind-feet

it goes at large, neither by the wind, nor before the wind, strong, i. e. the horn thick and capable of admitting a but between both, then it is said to go quarterly ; also good gripe of the nails. - Quarters of a saddle, the pieces the wind with which a ship sails is called the quartering of leather or stuff made fast to the lower parts of the sides wind.

of the saddle, and hanging down below the saddle. QUARTERING (Gunn.) is when a piece of ordnance may Quarters (Hor.) little bells which sound the quarters of be so traversed as to shoot on the same line, and at the

an hour. same point of the compass as the ship's quarter bears. Quarters of the Heaven (Astron.) the four cardinal points. QUARTERING (Her.) partitions of the escutcheon accord -Quarters of the Moon, certain periods in the moon's age.

ing to the number of coats that are borne in it, or the The first quarter is a fourth part of one lunation, when several divisions which are made, when the arms of more she shows just half her enlightened side; when she is than one family are borne by the same person; thus, the diametrically opposite to the sun, and shows us her whole arms of a wife are quartered with those of her husband, enlightened side, she is said to be in the full ; and when or a man's paternal arms are quartered with those of his she proceeds towards her conjunction, showing more than office, &c. [vide Heraldry, Plate No. V. (42)]

half her enlightened side, she is said to be in the third QUARTERING (Carpent.) the putting in of quarters. Some

and last quarter. times it is taken for the quarters themselves.

Quarters (Astrol.) certain intersections in the sphere, both QUARTERING (Law) part of the punishment inflicted on in the world and the zodiac; two of which are called

traitors, which consists in dividing the body after it is be oriental and masculine, and two occidental and feminine. headed into four parts. The quarters used formerly to be QUARTERS (Carpent.) pieces of timber sawn to given dimenset upon poles over the gates of the city.

sions, which are placed between the puncheons and posts, QUA'RTERLY (Her.) is a term of blazoning, when one and and are used for lathing upon.-Single Quarters are sawn

the same coat is divided into four equal parts; and a term stuff two inches thick and four inches broad. - Double of marshalling, when two different coats are borne in one Quarters are sawn four inches square. and the same escutcheon. [vide Heraldry]

QUARTER-SESSIONS (Lau) a court held quarterly by QUARTER-MASTER (Mil.) an officer whose principal the justices of the peace in every county to determine

business it is to look after the quarters of the soldiers, their civil and criminal cases. clothing, ammunition,&c.—Quarter-Master-General, a con QUARTER-STA'FF (Archæol.) a long staff used by foresters, siderable officer in the army, whose duty it is to define the park-keepers, &c. marches, to mark out the encampments, to choose head- || QUARTETTO (Mus.) Italian for a piece for four voices, quarters, &c.

or four instruments. QUARTER-Master (Mar.) an officer whose business it is to | QUA’RTILE Aspect (Astron.) an aspect of the planets,

rummage, stow, and trim a ship in the hold; to superin marked thus 0, when they are ninety degrees distant tend the victualling of the ship, the delivery of the pro from each other. visions, &c.

QUARTIE'R (Com.) a German wine measure equal to QUARTERO'N (Com.) a liquid measure of Geneva equal about an English quart. to half an English gallon.

QUARTILLO (Com.) a Spanish wine measure equal to QUARTER-PIERCED (Her.) a term applied to a cross about 5 lbs. avoirdupois.

when there is a hole or square figure in the middle. QUA'RTO (Mus.) vide Quarta. QUARTER-ROU'ND (Archit.) a term among workmen for QUARTO (Print.) signifies literally the fourth part of a sheet,

any moulding whose contour is either a perfect quadrant, or a sheet folded into four parts or leaves; also a book or quarter of a circle, or what approaches to that figure; which is composed of sheets so divided. it is commonly called an ovolo by architects. [vide Ovolo] || QUARTO Die post (Law) the fourth day inclusive after the QUARTERN (Com.) a measure, the fourth part of a pint. return of the writ, on which day, if the defendant makes -Quartern of Corn, the fourth of a peck.

his appearance, it is sufficient. QUARTERS (Mil.) military stations, or the places where Quarto (Com.) a Spanish money of account, eight and a

soldiers are lodged, which are distinguished into-Head half of which are equal to a real vellon. It is equal to Quarters, the place where the commander in chief has his something more than a halfpenny English. quarters.- Quarters of Refreshment, places where troops, that QUARTOĎE'CIMANS (Ecc.) a name given to such as have been harassed with marching, put in to refresh them maintained that Easter ought always to be kept upon the selves. Winter-Quarters, the places where soldiers are fourteenth of the moon of the first month, in conformity lodged during the winter ; also the space of time that an to the custom of the Jews. army lies in winter-quarters.--Intrenched Quarters, a place QUARTZUM (Min.) Quartz, a genus of Siliceous Earth, fortified with a ditch and parapet to secure a body of troops. consisting of Silica with a small portion of alumina and -Quarters at a siege, the encampment upon one of the prin carbonate of line. It is not fusible per se, but, with soda, cipal passages round to prevent relief and convoys.-In it runs into a hard pellucid glass. Quarters, within the limits prescribed.-Out of Quarters, To QUASH (Law) in French quasser, from the Latin - beyond the limits prescribed.

cassum facere; to overthrow, or annul; as “ To quash an QUARTERS of a Horse (Vet.) are the fore-quarters, or the indictment, an array,” &c.

shoulders and fore-legs; and the hind-quarters, which are QUA'SI Contract (Law) an implied contract. the hips and the hind-legs. -Quarters of a Horse's Foot, Quasi modo Sunday (Écc.) Low-Sunday, or the next after the sides of the coffin comprehended between the toe and Easter. the heel on both sides of the foot. The inner-quarters are QUA'SSIA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 10 Decandria, those opposite to one another on the two opposite feet; Order 1 Monogynia. these are always weaker than the outer-quarters, or the

Generic Character. Cal. perianth five-leaved ; leaflets VOL. II.

3E

ovate.- Cor. petals five, lanceolate.--Stam. filaments || Quercus is also the name of the Ficus of Linnæus. ten, filiform ; anthers oblong.–Pist. receptacle fleshy ; || QUERE'LA (Law) an action preferred in any court of germ ovate; style filiform; stigma simple. - Per. cap justice, in which the plaintiff was querens or complainant. sules five, lateral; seeds solitary.

-Querela coram Rege et Consilio discutienda et termiSpecies. The species are trees, as the-Quassia amara, nanda, a writ whereby one is called to justify a complaint Bitter Quassia.- Quassia simaraba, the Simaraba Quassia. of trespass made to the King himself before the King - Quassia excelsa, Lofty Quassia.

and Council. Reg. Orig. 124.- Querela Fresciæ fortia, QUATER Cousins (Law) i. e. fourth cousins, the last de a writ of fresh force. gree of kindred.

QUERENS (Law) the Plaintiff. QUATE'RNIO (Print.) the same as Quarto.

QUE'RENT (Astrol.) one who consults an astrologer. QUATEʻRNUS (Bot.) fourfold, an epithet for leaves ; QUERIA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 3 Triandria,

folia quaterna, leaves growing by fours, as in the Stellatæ. Order 3 Trigynia. QUATREFOI'L (Her.) four-leaved grass is a

Generic Character. Cal. perianth five-leaved.—CoR. none. frequent bearing in coat-armour, as in the an

-Stam. filaments three short; anthers roundish.-Pist. nexed figure. “ The field is azure, three

germ ovate; styles three; stigmas simple.-Per. capsule quatrefoils, argent ; by the name of Vincent,

roundish ; seed single. Surry."

Species. The species are perennials, as the Queria canaQUATTRI'NO (Com.) a small Italian coin not

densis, hispanica, &c. quite a farthing in value.

QUERI'STA (Mus.) a chorister. QUATUOR (Mus.) a term in music books applied to pieces QUE'RRY (Polit.) or Gentleman of the Querry, a gentlecomposed for four voices.

man whose office it is to hold the King's stirrup when he QUAVER (Mus.) a measure of time which is equal to mounts his horse. half a crotchet.' [vide Music)

QUESITED (Astrol.) the thing or person inquired after. QUAUHMECA'TL (Bot.) the Paulinia of Linnæus. QUESTIA (Law) an inquest, or inquiry made upon the QUAY (Com.) a broad space of ground upon the shore of a oath of a jury.- Quest-Men, persons chosen to inquire

river, or harbour, paved for the loading and unloading of into abuses and misdemeanors, especially such as relate goods.

to weights and measures. QUEACH (Hort.) a place full of shrubs or brambles; a thick QUESTION (Law) or la question, a term for the torture bushy plot of ground.

when it is applied to extort a confession from a person. QUEEN (Sport.) one of the principal pieces used in chess; QUESTIONIST (Lit.) a candidate for a bachelor's degree also one of the court cards.

at Cambridge. Queen (Law) the wife of a King, who is otherwise called | QUESTOR (Law) the chamberlain of a city.

Queen-Consort, in distinction from the Queen-Regnant, who | QUE'STUS (Law) land which does not descend by herereigns in her own right; and the Queen-Dowager, who ditary right, but is acquired by one's own labour and inis the widow of a King;

dustry. — Questus est nobis, a writ of Nuisance against QUEEN-BEE (Ent.) vide Bee.

him to whom the thing was alienated that causeth the QUEEN-GOLD (Law) a royal revenue belonging to every Nuisance founded on the equity of the statute of 13 Ed. 1,

queen of England, during her marriage to the King, arising from fines, offerings, grants, &c.

QUEUE de Hironde (Fort.) i. e. Swallow's-Tail; a kind of QUEEN OF THE MEADOWS (Bot.) the Spiræa ulmaria outwork. [vide Fortification] of Linnæus.

QUEUE (Her.) the tail of a beast. QUEEN'S-GILLIFLOWER (Bot.) the Hesperis matronalis QUIA Èmptores (Law) the statute of Westm. 3, 18 Ed. 1, of Linnæus.

st. 1, so called from the introductory words.- Quia imQUE ESTATE (Law) i. e. which estate; a plea whereby provide, a supersedeas granted in behalf of a clerk of the

a man entitling another to land, &c. saith that it is the same Chancery sued against the privilege of that court, in the estate which he had from him.- Que est mêsme, a term Common Pleas, and pursued to the exigent. used in any action of trespass, &c. signifying a direct || QUICK (Bot.) the Triticum repens of Linnæus, a noxious justification of the very act complained of by the plaintiff weed in corn fields. as a wrong:

Quick with Child (Med.) bearing a living child in the womb. QUEM Reditum reddit (Law) a judicial writ which lies || QUICKEN-TRE'Ė (Bot.) the Sorbus of Linnæus.

against the tenant of the land, who refused to attorn to | QUICK-SILVER (Min.) a familiar name for mercury. him, thereby to cause him to attorn and pay the rent Quick-Lime, lime in its most caustic state with the air which he rendereth. Old. Nat. Brev. 126.

wholly evaporated. [vide Lime) QUERCUS (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 21 Monoecia, QUICK-SET (Hort.) a sort of thorn, of which hedges are Order 7 Polyandria.

made. Generic Character. Cal. ament filiform, in the female ; QUICK-SANDS (Nat.) moveable sands which often swal.

involucre imbricate.-Cor, none.-Stam. in the male ; low up what is passing over them. filaments five to ten very short.-Pist, in the female ; || QUICK-SCAB (Vet.) a distemper in horses. germ very small; style simple; stigmas three. — Per. | QUICK-TO-MATCH (Mil.) a kind of combustible prepa. none; seed a nut.

ration formed of three cotton strands dipped in a boiling Species. The principal species are the-Quercus robur, composition of white wine vinegar, saltpetre, and mealed the Common Oak, -Quercus iler, Evergreen, or Holm

powder, &c. Oak-Tree.--Quercus prinus, Chesnut-leaved Oak-Tree. QUID Juris clamat (Law) a writ for the granting of a rever- Quercus suber, seu Suber, Cork-barked Oak, or the sion when the particular tenant will not attorn. Reg. Judic. Cork-Tree. - Quercus aquatica, Water Oak-Tree. - 36, &c.- Quid pro quo, the reciprocal performance of Quercus viscus, Live Oak-Tree.-Quercus nigra, Black both parties to contract. Oak-Tree.- Quercus rubra, Red Oak-Tree.- Quercus | Quid pro quo (Med.) a term applied to a medicine of one rabra latifolia, Champion-Oak.- Quercus alba, White nature or quality which is substituted for another. Oak-Tree.- Quercus esculus, Italian or Small Prickly- || QUIETA'NTIA (Law) the same as Acquittance. cupped Oak-Tree.

QUIETA'RE (Archæol.) to acquit or discharge.

c. 24.

QUIETE clamare (Law) to quit claim, or renounce all pre- | QUINTESSENCE (Alchem.) a mysterious term denoting the tensions to a thing.

fifth and last, or highest essence of any natural body. QUI'ETISTS (Ecc.) a sect of religionists, who hold that all QUINTETTO (Mus.) a composition in five parts.

religion consists in the rest and internal recollection of the | QUINTILE (Astron.) an aspect of the planets when they mind.

are distant the fifth part of the zodiac. It is marked QUIETUS est (Law) i. e. he is acquitted; a term used by

thus (or O. the auditors of the Exchequer in an acquittance of ac QUINTI'LLIANS (Ecc.) a sect of heretics so called from counts, &c.; whence the acquittance itself is called a one Quintilla, a pretended prophetess. They were a quietus.-Quietus Redditus, a quit Rent.

branch of the Montanists, who admitted women to be QÚILL (Mech.) the horny part of the feathers of birds, which priests and bishops, and employed bread and cheese at are used for pens, &c.

the eucharist. Epiphan. de Hæres. c. 49; S. August. de QUILL-WORT (Bot.) the same as Isætes.

Hæres. c. 27; Baron. Annal. ann. 173. QUINA'RIUS (Ànt.) a small Roman coin equal to half a || QUINTILIS (Ant.) the original name of July, because it Denarius.

was the fifth month of Romulus' year. QUINARIUS (Arith.) the number of five.

QUINTO EXACT (Law) Quinctus exactus, mentioned in QUINATUS (Bot.) an epithet for a leaf: folium quinatum, statute 31 Eliz. c. 3; the fifth and last call of the defendant

a sort of digitate leaf which has five leaflets on a petiole. who is sued to outlawry, who, in case he does not appear, QUINCE (Bot.) the Pyrus cydonia of Linnæus, à sort of is accordingly outlawed. apple of a rough acid taste.

QUINZIEME (Law) i.e. the fifteenth ; a tax anciently so QUINCHAMA'LIA (Bot.) a genus of plants, so called from called because it consisted of the fifteenth part of men's the vernacular name in America; it is said to be of the

lands and goods. Class 5 Pentandria, Order 1 Monogynia.

QUIRE (Archit.) vide Choir. QUI'NCUNX (Ant.) the five-twelfths of any integer among Quire of paper (Com.) a certain quantity, consisting mostly

the Romans, particularly of the As, which consisted of of 24 sheets.

twelve Uncie; whence the word Quincunx, i.e.quinqueuncie. QUIRINA'LIA (Ant.) feasts observed at Rome in honour of QUINCUNX (Astrol.) an aspect in which the planets are five Quirinus, i. e. Romulus, on the twelfth of the calends of signs distant from each other.

May. Varro de Lat. Ling. 1. 5, c. 3; Plut. Quæst. Rom. QUINDE'CAGON (Geom.) a plain geometrical figure of 88; Fest. de Verb. Signif. fifteen sides and angles.

QUIRI'TES (Ant.) a name given to the Romans from the QUINGA'MBO (Bot.) the Hibiscus of Linnæus.

Cures, with whom the Sabines made a strict alliance. Liv. QUINQUAGE'SIMA Sunday (Ecc.) so called from its being 1. 1, c. 13.

about the fiftieth day before Easter; Shrove Sunday. QUIRK (Archit.) a piece of ground taken out of any groundQUINQUANGULA'RIS (Bot.) five cornered ;' an epithet plot, or floor; as if the ground-plot were square or oblong,

for a leaf or stem ; folium quinquangulare, a leaf having and a piece be taken out of a corner to make a court or five prominent angles about the disk.

yard, &c. this piece is called a quirk.- Quirk-mouldings, QUINQUA'TRIA (Ant.) a Roman festival in honour of Mi the convex parts of Grecian mouldings where they recede

nerva, which was celebrated on the fifth day after the Ides at the top, and form a re-entrant angle with the soffit or of March ; whence it took its name, or, according to Ovid, level surface which covers the moulding. Quirks belong to it was so called because it was celebrated for five days. the ovolo and cyma reversa. Varro de Lat. Ling. 1. 5, c. 3; Ovid. Fast. 1.3, v. 809; || QUISQUALIS (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 10 Decandria, Plin. 1. 35, c. 2; Gell. 1. 2, c. 21 ; Fest. de Verb. Signif.

Order 1 Monogynia. QUINQUE-CAPSULA'RIS (Bot.) an epithet for a peri Generic Character. Cal. perianth filiform.-Cor. petals

carp; pericarpium. quinque capsulare, a pericarp having five.Stam. filaments ten.- Pist. germ ovate; style five capsules.

filiform; stigma obtuse.- Per. drupe dry; seed a roundish QUINQUEFI'DUS (Bot.) five-cleft, an epithet for a leaf, nut. a corolla, and a perianth ; perianthum quinquefidum, á Species. The single species, the Quisqualis indica, is a quinquefid perianth, as in Nicoliana.

shrub. QUINQUENNA'LIA (Ant.) Roman games that were cele- || QUI-TA'M (Law) i. e. who as well, words used in the probrated every five years.

cess of a popular action, by which the plaintiff describes QUINQUE'NNIUŃ (Law) a respite of five years, which himself as one who sues as well for the king as himself.

insolvent debtors formerly obtained, by virtue of the King's QUI'T-CLAIM (Law) the releasing a man from any action · letter, to have time for the payment of their debts.

one hath or might have against him. Bract. 1. 9, tr. 5, c. 9, QUINQUE PORTUS (Law) the Cinque Ports.

&c.- Quit-Rent, a sinall rent of acknowledgment payable QUINQUI'NA (Bot.) vide Cinchona.

by the tenants of most manors. 2 Inst. 19. QUI'NSEY (Med.) the Cynanche, a disease in the throat. QUITTER (Med.) the discharge from a wound. QUINSIEME (Law) vide Quinzieme.

Quitter bone (Vet.) a hard round swelling on the coronet, QUINT (Sport.) a sequence, or suit of five cards at picquet. between a horse's heel and the quarter. Quint exact (Law) vide Quinto.

QUO Jure (Law) a writ which lies for him who has land QUI'NTA (Mus.) signifies five, or the fifth.

wherein another challenges common of pasture time out of QUI'NTAIN (Sport.) a sport which was formerly in use in mind, to compel the challenger to show by what right or

some parts of England, in which the parties run a tilt on title he challenges it. Britt. c. 59; F. N. B. 128; Reg. horseback against a thick post fixed in the ground, and Orig. 156.- Quo minus, a writ which lies for one who has he who broke most poles had the prize.

a grant for housebote and haybote in another man's wood. QUINTAL (Com.) a weight in France and Germany equal Old Nat. Brev. 148.- Quo Warranto, a writ against one

to 100 lb. avoirdupois, and in England to 112 lbs.; in who usurps a franchise of the king's, or who intrudes himother places more.

self as heir into land. Old Nat. Brev. 149; 2 Inst. 282. QUINTA'NA (Med.) an ague which returns every fifth day. QUOAD Hoc (Law) a term used frequently in law reports QUINTESSENCE (Chem.) a preparation consisting of the to signify that “ as to the thing named,” the law is so, &c.

essential oil of some vegetable substance, and incorporated | QUOD clerici beneficiati, &c. (Law) a writ to exempt a clerk with spirit of wine.

of the chancery from contribution towards the proctors of

the clergy in parliament.--Quod clerici non eligantur in of wall, with their edges chamfered off, they are called rustic ficio balivi, a writ that lies for a clergyman who is chosen quoins. as bailiff or beadle, or to any other office.- Quod ei de for- Quoins (Print.) small wedges of wood used in locking up ciat, a writ that lies for a tenant' against him who entered forms. and took away the land recovered. Stat. Westm. 2, c. 4 ; QUOIT (Sport.) a round iron to play with, by pitching it to Reg. Orig. 171; New Nat. Brev. 272, &c.- Quod permittat, a certain distance. a writ for the heir of him that is disseized of common of QUO JU'RE (Law) vide Quo. pasture, against the heir of the disseizor.—Quod persona nec | QUO MINUS (Law) vide Quo. prebendarii, a writ which lies for spiritual persons distrained QUONIAM attachiamenta (Law) one of the oldest books of in their spiritual possessions for the payment of a tax called the Scotch law; so called from the two first words of the the 25th, with the rest of the parish. F. N. B. 176.

volume. QUODLIBE/TICAL Questions (Lit.) questions ingeniously QUO'RUM (Law) i. e. of whom; a term applied to justices disputed pro and con.

of the peace, who in the commission are particularly named QUOD permittat, 8c. (Law) vide Quod.

to be of the number before whom all matters of importQuod persona, 8c. (Law) vide Quod.

ance must be transacted. QUOIL (Mar.) vide Coil.

QUOʻTA (Law) a share or contribution. QUOIN (Gunn.) a loose wedge of wood, which is put in QUOTIDIAN (Med.) an epithet for a fever which seizes and

below the breech of a cannon, to raise or depress it more terminates every day, with an intermission of some hours. or less.

QUOTIENT (Arith.) the result of the operation of division; QUOINS (Archit.) stones and bricks placed in the corners of so called because it shows quoties, i.e. how often the divisor

a building. When these stand out beyond the rest of the is contained in the dividend.

R.

R. as a number, denoted 80; and with a dash over it, thus, R. rica, in hollow trees, washes its food, and carries it to its 80,000.

mouth with its fore paws, has an exquisite smell and touch, R. (Gram.) stands for Rex, Recipe, &c. [vide Abbrevia a tenacious memory, and sleeps during the day. The fetions]

male brings forth two or three young. R. (Algeb.) or Bo, stood formerly for Radix, or root of any RACCOURCI' (Her.) the same as Coupé. quantity.

RACE (Sport.) a game which consists in running on foot or to RABA'TE (Falcon.) a term applied to a hawk when upon horseback a certain course for a premium or reward. a motion of the hand

Race (Mar.) a name given to a strong rippling tide or curquarry, and recovers.

rent; as Portland Racecaused by the projection RA'BBET (Carpent.) a deep groove or channel cut in a piece of the land, with the unevenness of the ground over which

of timber longitudinally, to receive the edge of a plank, the tide flows.
or the ends of several planks, that are to be fastened RACE'ME (Bot.) vide Racemus.
therein.

RACE'MUS (Bot.) originally signified a bunch of RA'BBETING (Carpent.) the planing or cutting of channels grapes, or other berries, but is now employed to or grooves in boards, &c.

denote a species of inflorescence, consisting of RABBETING (Mar.) the letting in of the planks of a ship into a peduncle with short lateral branches, as in Vitis,

the keel, which in the rake and run of a ship is hollowed the Vine, Ribes, the Currant, &c. A raceme away, that the planks may join the closer.

may be simple, or compound, as in the annexed RABBI (Theol.) or rabbin, a doctor in the Jewish law. figure, one-sided, erect, loose, hanging down, RABBINIST (Theol.) one who is skilled in the doctrines RACHETUM (Law) the compensation for a theft ; and opinions of the rabbins.

the same as Theft-Bote. RABBIT (Zool.) a well-known animal of the hare tribe, the RACHIA'LGIA (Med.) from péxas, the spine, and cages, a

Lepus cuniculus of Linnæus, that is 18 inches long, with pain ; a pain in the spine. the hind legs shorter than the body, forms winding burrows, RACHIS (Bot.) from the Greek póxıs, the spine, or baekkeeps in its hole by day, and seeks its food of grain or ve bone; a filiform receptacle connecting florets longitudigetables in the evening or the morning. The female is nally into a spike, as in Panicum, Crus corvi, Crus galli, gravid 30 days, and brings from four to eight young seven

Lolium, and other grasses. а

RACHITÆ (Anat.) the muscles belonging to the back. RABDOIDES sutura (Anat.) the sagittal suture.

RACHI'TIS (Med.) the rickets ; a disease so called from RA'BDOMANCY (Ant.) pacedopateic, a sort of divination pexes, the spine, because it was supposed to originate in a

by means of rods, according to their manner of falling fault of the spinal marrow. It is a genus of diseases, Class when they were set up.

Cachexie, Order Intumescentia. RA'BINET (Gunn.) the smallest field-piece but one, being an RACK (Mar.) in French rateau, a frame of timber, contain

inch and a half in diameter at the bore, five feet and a half ing several sheaves, to direct the sailors to the respective long, requiring a charge of six ounces of powder, and ropes passing through it. weighing three hundred pounds.

Rack (Polit.) an engine of torture, particularly used for exRACCOO'N (Zool.) an animal of the badger tribe, the Ursus torting confession.

lotor of Linnæus, which inhabits the northern parts of Ame- RACK (Mech.) a wooden frame to hold fodder for cattle.

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