of pain.

Arbiler] - Rer sacrorum, or rer sacrificulus, the high || RHA'PSODISTS (Ant.) safadhgui, from gástw, to sew, and priest among the Romans who was appointed to per adu, a song ; a name given to those poets who went about form such offices as the Kings of Rome had reserved to singing their own verses, or those of others, particularly themselves before the abolition of their power. His wife those who used to recite the verses of Homer, whence the was called regina, and sacrificed a lamb' every month to poems of Homer were called rhapsodies, i.e. scattered Juno. The names of the Rer et regina sacrorum are still verses digested and sewn together. extant in an inscription.

RHAPSODOMA'NCY (Ant.) a sort of divination perRHA (Bot.) the Centaurea thapontica of Linnæus.

formed by the ancients with the works of the poets, parRHABARBA'RUM (Bot.) Rhubarb, the Rheum of Lin ticularly Homer and Virgil. (vide Sortes} næus, a perennial.

RHATANIA (Bot.) a substance brought from Peru, which RHABDOI'DES (Anat.) another name for the Sagittal is supposed to be the root of the Cinchona cordifolia. It Suture.

is much used by the manufacturers of port wine, and recRHABDO'LOGY (Math.) the art of computing or number koned in medicine a powerful tonic.

ing by rods, particularly according to the contrivance called | RHASTO'NE (Med.) özgwrn, from pædiwr, easily; a remission

after its inventor, Lord Napier, Napier's Bones, or Rods. RHA'BDOMANCY (Ant.) gabdomastris ; a sort of divination RHEEDIA (Bot.) a genus of plants named after Rheede

by means of rods, two of which being placed upright: the van Drakenstein, author of Hortus Malabaricus, Class 12 direction in which they fell afforded the answer.

Polyandria, Order 1 Monogynia. RHABDO'PHORA (Ant.) pæBdo pocas; officers among the Generic Character. Cor. none.-CAL. petals four, ovate.

Greeks answering to the lictors among the Romans, who -Stam. filaments very many; anthers oblong.- Pist. kept order in public assemblies by means of their gáiBdon. germ globular; style cylindrical ; stigma funnelform. Etymol. Magn.

Per. small, ovate; seeds three, ovate, RHACHIA'LGIA (Med.) from céx's, and žayos, pain; a pain Species.' The single species, the Rheedia latifolia, is a tree. in the spine of the back.

RHENOPHO'NIA (Med.) vide Paraphonia. RHACHISAGRA (Med.) from pázıs, the spine, and ypat, | RHE'ON (Bot.) vide Rheum.

a prey; a species of gout fixed in the spine of the back. RHETORIANS (Ecc.) a sect of heretics in the fourth RHACHITÆ (Anat.) paxítes, from góxis, the spine; muscles century, who maintained that every man was right in his belonging to the spine of the back.

opinions, whatever they might be. RHACITIS (Med.) vide Racitis.

RHETORIC, the art of speaking on any subject in a man. RHACOMA (Bot.) the Myginda Rhacoma of Linnæus. ner fitted for producing persuasion; it is divided, accordRHACOʻSIS (Med.) from øzxos, a rag; a ragged excoriation ing to the subject, into the Deliberative, Demonstrative, of a relaxed scrotum.

and Juridical. The deliberative consists of persuasion RHAGA'DES Med.) dry and malignant cutaneous fissures. and dissuasion; the demonstrative of praise and blame; the RHAGADIÆ (Med.) apostemations of the Pudenda. juridical of accusation and defence. RHAGADIOLOIDES (Bot.) the Hyoseris hedypnois of The parts of rhetoric are, Invention, Disposition, and Linnæus.

Elocution.- Invention is the finding of suitable arguments RHAGA'DIOLUS (Bot.) the Lapsana of Linnæus.

for producing conviction. Arguments are distinguished RHAGOIDES (Anat.) payouldns, another name for the Uvea by Aristotle into the artificial štexual

, and the inartificial Tunica, or third coat of the eye.

úterva. The sources from which arguments are drawn 'RHAGRO'STRIS (Bot.) the Corispermum hyssopifolium et are called topics, the principal of which used in oratory squarrosum of Linnæus.

are, the cause, effect, definition, opposition, &c.-DispoRHAMNOIDES (Bot.) the Hypophæ rhamnoides of Lin sition is the due disposition of all the parts of a speech,

which are four in number, according to Cicero, namely, RHAMNUS (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 5 Pentandria, exordium, narratio, contentio, and epilogus, or peroratio. Order | Monogynia.

The parts of the exordium are, the proposition, or exGeneric Character. Cal, none.-Cor. petal imperforate. planation of the grounds of the cause, and complexio,

Stam. filaments five, awl-shaped ; anthers small.—Pist. which is a transition to the cause itself. The parts of germ roundish; style filiform; stigma blunt.--Per.berry; the narration are, procatastasis, petitio or inquiry. The seeds solitary.

contentio, called by Aristotle zísis, consists of confirmaSpecies. The species are shrubs, or trees, as-Rhamnus tion and confutation, to which belong rhetorical argu

catharticus, seu Cervispina, the Purging Buckthorn. ments, namely, induction, example, &c. Elocution, called Rhamnus erythorylon, Siberian Redwood.- Rhamnus in by Aristotle zotes, and by Demetrius éppenpaíscomprefectorius, seu Lycium, Dwarf or Yellow-berried Buck

hends perspicuity, propriety, and elegance. The faults thorn. - Rhamnus sarcomphalus, seu Sarcomphalus, Bas of oration which affect perspicuity, are homonymy, antard Lignum Vitæ. - Rhamnus colubrinus, Pubescent phibology, brachyology, apodosis, perissology, hyperbation, Rhamnus, or Buckthorn Redwood.- Rhamnus pumilus, anastrophe, 8c. The forms of speech by which propriety seu Alaternus, Dwarf Buckthorn. - Rhamnus frangula, and elegance are produced, are denominated tropes and Frangula, seu Alnus, Alder Buckthorn, or Berrybearing figures. The principal figures are, the metaphor, metoAlder.-Rhamnus alaternus, seu Phylica, Common Ala nomy, synecdoche, comparison, allegory, metallepsis, cataternus.- Rhamnus zizyphus, Zizyphus, Jujube, Common chresis, hyperbole, anadiplosis, antithesis, anaphora, &c.Jujube.

The general manner in which the orator employs his Rhamnus is also the name of the Hippophae rhamnoides, the words for the formation of his speech is called style, Ehretia essucca and the Celtis micrantha, &c.

which is distinguished into the pure, simple, sublime, RHA'NTERES (Bot.) the inward corners of the eyes.

rich, poor, turgid, &c. RHAPHANUS (Bot.) the same as Raphanus.

The following are the principal writers on rhetoric among RHAPONTIC Rhubarb (Bot.) the Rheum rhaponticum of the ancients. Linnæus.

WRITERS ON RHETORIC. RHAPONTICOI'DES (Bot.) the Centaurea of Linnæus. RHAPO'NTICUM (Bot.) the Rheum rhaponticum of Lin Aristoteles “ De Rhetorica," &c.; Demetrius Phalereus

“De Elocutione;" Cicero “ De Inventione," &c.; Dio




3 H

nysius Halicarnassus “ In Judicio;" Quintiliani “In- || RHINOMA'CER (Ent.) a genus of insects of the Coleopstitutiones Artis rhetoricæ;" Hermogenes “ De Inven terous Order, having the antenna setaceous, feelers 4, tione," &c.; Longinus De Sublimitate;" Aphthonius growing thicker towards the end. “ Progymnasmata ;Ælius Aristides “ De Orat. Polit." || RHINO'PTES (Med.) Pivórtne, from pór, the nose, and ortówas, &c.;" Rufinianus “ De Figuris;" Apsinus “ De Arte to see; a person who from a disease in the great canthus Rhetorica;" Ulpianus “ Ad Demosthenis Orationes;” . in the eve, laying open the passage to the nostrils, is enabled Eustuthius “ Ad Homeri Iliadem,” &c.

to see through his nose. RHEUM (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 9 Enneandria, RHIZAGRA (Surg.) from pisa, a root, and sypsów, to seize; Order 3 Trigynia.

an instrument for taking out the stumps and roots of the Generic Character. Cal. none. - Cor. one-petalled. - teeth.

Stam. filaments nine, capillary; anthers twin, oblong. RHIZIAS (Bot.) pozices; a liquor collected from roots by in-Pist. germ short, three-sided; style scarcely any; cisions made therein. stigma reflexed.-Per. none; seeds single.

RHIZO'BOLUS (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 13 PolySpecies. Plants of this genus, well known in English by andria, Order 4 Tetragynia.

the name of Rhubarb, are mostly perennials, as the Generic Character. Cal. perianth one-leaved.-Cor. petals Rheum palmatum, Officinal Rhubarb.-Rheum rhaponti five.- STAM. filaments very numerous; anthers roundish. cum, Rhaponticum, Rhaponticoides, seu Hippolathum, -Pist. germ four-cornered; styles four; stigma blunt. Rhapontic Rhubarb.-Rheum undulatum, seu Rhabarba - Per. drupes four; seeds nut, solitary. rum, Wave-leaved Rhubarb, &c. Bauh. Hist.; Park. Species. The two species, the Rhizobolus butyrosus, and Theat. Bot.; Raii Hist.

tuberculosus, are trees. RHEUM (Med.) siūva, from gew; a defluxion of humours from RHIZO'MA (Bot.) a name given by some botanists to the the parts beneath as upon the eyes or nose.

parts of roots which consist of wood or flesh, as the carRHEUMATISM (Med.) rheumatismus; wandering pains in

rot, &c. the body often accompanied with a small fever, inflam-RHIZOMATOI'DEÆ (Bot.) an epithet for roots which are mation, swelling, &c. It consitutes a genus of diseases woody or fleshy.

in Cullen's Nosology, Class Pyrexie, Order Phlegmasiæ. RHIZOPHORÅ (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 11 DodeRHEXIA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 8 Octandria, Or candria, Order 1 Monogynia. der 1 Monogynia.

Generic Character. Cal. perianth one-leaved.-Cor. peGeneric Character. Cal. perianth one-leaved, with a four tals four.-Stam. filaments scarcely any: anthers four

cleft border.--Cor. petals four.--Sram. filaments eight, to twelve.--Pist. germ superior; style awl-shaped; stigmas filiform ; anthers declining.-Pist. germ roundish; style acute.-Per, fleshy; seed single. simple; stigma thickish. - Per. capsule roundish, four Species. The species are trees, as the-Rhizophora gymvalved ; seeds numerous.

norhiza Mangium, seu Candel. - Rhizophorn mangle, Species. Plants of this genus are trees, and natives of Mangle, seu Candela.-Rhizophora cylindrica, seu Kuri

North America, as the Rhexica virginica, mariana, tri Candel, &c., seu Peekandel, Mangrove-Tree, &c. chotoma, &c.

RhizoPHORA (Bot.) the Dioscorea bulbifera and the SonneRHEXIS (Med.) Pribus ; the breaking or bursting of any part,

ratia acida of Linnæus. as of a bone, &c.

RHODAPSINTHATON (Med.) pode ve&tev, a name for RHICNO'SIS (Med.) piruwois a corrugation of the skin, from several preparations of roses.

Aet. Tetrab. 4, serm. 4, çoxvès, rugous or wrinkled.

c. 117. RHIGOS (Med.) piros, a Rigor,

RHODELÆ'UM (Chem.) Oil of Roses. RHINA'NTHUS (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 14 Didy- RHO'DIA Radix (Bot.) the Radiola rosea of Linnæus. namia, Order 2 Angiospermia.

RHODI'ACON (Med.) podocxèr, a plaister described by Generic Character. Cal. perianth one-leaved.-Cor. one Galen de Comp. Med. per Gen. 1. 2, c. 17. petalled.-Stam. filaments four ; anthers incumbent. RHO'DINON (Med.) pedivor, Oil of Roses, or Vinegar of Pist. germ ovate; styles filiform ; stigma blunt.- Per. Roses. capsule blunt; seeds several.

RHODIOLA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 22 Dioecia, Species. The species are annuals, as the -- Rhinanthus Order 7 Octandria.

elephas, Elephas, seu Euphrasia.-Rhinanthus crista galli, Generic Character. Cal. perianth four-parted.-Cor. peAlectorolophus, Mimulus, Pedicularis, seu Crista Galli, tals four ; nectaries four.—Stam, in the male; filaments Yellow Rattle, or Cock's Comb.

eight, awl-shaped ; anthers simple.-Pist. in the female; RHINA'RION (Med.) forcépsor ; a detersive collyrium. Paul. germs four, oblong; styles straight; stigmas obtuse. Æginet. 1. 7, c. 16.

Per in the females; capsules four; seeds very many: RHINE-LAND-ROD (Fort.) a measure of twelve feet. Species. The single species, the Rhodiola rosea, Sedum, RHINEMA (Med.) porques, scrapings, shavings, or filings, of Anacampseros, Telephium, seu Rhodia Radir, is a tree.

which Hippocrates speaks. Hippoc. de Mulier; Gal. de RHODITES vinum (Med.) podions oivos, wine impregnated Comp. Med. sec. Loc. I. 3.

with roses.

Dioscor. l. 5, c. 35. RHINENCHY'SIS (Med.) porir xuris, from piv, the nose, and RHODIUM lignum (Bot.) Rose-Wood.

švzów, to infuse; an infusion into the nose by means of an RHODODAPHNE Bot.) vide Rhododendron. instrument called the rhinenchytes.

RHODODENDRON (Bot.) podésordper, a plant which was RHINENCHYTES (Med.) forxutns; the instrument by otherwise called peredaarn, Laurel Bay. Dioscor. I. 4, c. which a rhinenchysis is performed.

83; Plin. l. 24, c. 11. RHINOCEROS (Zool.) śubxafws, from có, the nose, and xipws, RHODODENDRON, in the Linnean system, a genus of plants,

a horn; an animal so called because it has a horn on its Class 10 Decandria, Order 1 Monogynia. nose. It otherwise much resembles the elephant, with Generic Character. Cal. perianth five-parted.-CoR. onewhich it is said to be engaged in frequent warfare. Plin. petalled. — Stam. filaments ten ; anthers oval.- Pist. 1. 8, c. 20; Alian. de Nat. Anim. 1. 17, c. 44.

germ five-cornered ; style filiform ; stigma obtuse.-Per. Rhinoceros, in the Linnean system, a genus of animals, capsule ovate; seeds numerous.

Class Mammalin, Order Bruta, having the horn solid, Species. Plants of this genus are shrubs, as the-Rhodoperennial, placed on the nose, and not adhering to the bone. dendron ferrugineum, Chamærhodendron, Rosa alpina,

Ledum, seu Euonymus, Rusty-leaved Rhododendron. piss épp@pos, Rhus rubeum, the Red Rhus. In the opinion Rhododendron chamæcistus, Chamæcistus, seu Cistus, &c. of Mr. Ray, these were not distinct plants, but that the Clus. Hist. ; Bauh. Hist.; Bauh. Pin.; Ger. Herb.; Rhus obsoniorum is the fruit, the Rhus coriariorum the Park. Theat. Bot.; Raii Hist.; Tourn. Instit. &c.

leaves and the branches, and the Rhus rubeum the seed of RHODOMEʼLI (Chem.) Honey of Roses.

the same tree, namely, the Fruter coriarius, or Sumach. RHODOME'LON (Med.) Confect of Roses.

There was also fourth kind called piss Eupcexos, which SalRHO'DORA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 10 Decandria, masius states to be only a better sort of the Rhus rubeum. Order 1 Monogynia.

It is called Rhus, pås, from piw, to flow, because it stops Generic Character. Cal. perianth one-leaved.-Cor. pe

fluxes. The fruit, which is disposed, as it were, in tals three.-STAM. filaments ten; anthers roundish, twin. clusters, is of excellent service in diarrheas and dysen

-Pist. germ ovate; style filiform; stigma five-cleft. teries, and was employed by the ancients in numberless Per. capsule ovate; seeds very many, minute.

preparations. Theoph. 1. 3, c. 18; Dioscor. 1. 1, c. 147; Species. The single species, the Rhodora canadensis, is a Plin. l. 24, c. 11; Gal. de Comp. Med. sec. Loc. I. 6, c. 2; tree.

Paii Hist. Plant. ; Salmas. de Homonym. Hyl. Jatr. c. 58; RHODOSTAGMA (Med.) podészywa, from pádov, a rose, and Boerharv. Ind.

sálo, to drop or distil ; Rose-Water, or distilled liquor of Ruus, in the Linnean system, a genus of plants, Class 5 roses.

Pentandria, Order 3 Trigynia. RHEAS (Bot.) the Papaver rhæas of Linnæus.

Generic Character. CAL. perianth five-parted, inferior.Rheas (Med.) vide Rhyas.

Cor. petals five. - Stam. filaments five, very short; RHO'IS (Bot.) a species of the Rhus of Linnæus.

anthers small. - Pist. germ superior, roundish; styles RHOITES (Med.) potns, a sort of rob or syrup made of the scarcely any ; stigmas three.- Per. berry roundish; seed juice of pomegranates; also a confect of pomegranates.

one, roundish. Dioscor. 1. 5, c. 34; Paul. Æginet. I. 7, c. 15.

Species. The species are either trees or shrubs, as theRHOMB (Geom.) vide Rhomboid.-Solid Rhomb, a figure Rhus coriaria, Elm-leaved Sumach. - Rhus glabrum,

consisting of two equal and right cones joined at their bases. Scarlet Sumach. Rhus vernix, seu Toxicodendron, RHO'MBEUS (Bot.) rhomb-shaped; an epithet for a leaf Varnish Sumach, Poison Wood-Tree.-Rhus metopium,

which has four equal sides, but the angles not right angles. Metopium, Borbonia, the Hog Plum-Tree.-Rhus radiRHO'MBOID (Geom.) pope Bosidis, a quadri

Fig. 1. Fig. 2.

cans, Rooting Poison Oak, or Sumach.Rhus Toxicolateral figure, whose opposite sides and

dendron, Hedera, seu Vitis. Dod. Pempt.; Bauh. Hist.; angles are equal, but it is neither equila

Bauh. Pin.; Ger. Herb.; Park. Theat. Bot.; Raii. teral nor rectangular, as in fig. 1 annexed;

Hist. ; &c. in distinction from the rhombus, fig. 2,

Rhus is also the name of the Schmidelia racemosa, et Allo· which is equilateral, and equiangular.

phyllus cominia. RHOMBOIDES (Anat.) the name for a pair of muscles of RHYAS (Med.) fucks or poids, from pów, to flow; a flux in

the shoulder-blade, so called from their shape ; their use is the eyes occasioned by a defect in the greater canthus, or to draw the Scapula obliquely upwards, and directly back angle of the eye. Gal. Def. Med. ; Aet. Tetrab. 2, wards.

serm. 9, c. 88. RHO'MBOS (Surg.) póle Bos, a sort of bandage mentioned RHYME (Poet.) po@pos, an epithet for a verse which termiby Galen, so called from its figure.

nates with words of like sound. RHO'MBUS (Ich.) a fish now called the Turbot.

RHYMIC Art (Mus.) that part of the music which taught RHOMBUS (Geom.) a foursided figure. [vide Rhomboid] how to practise the rules of rhyme according to the laws RHO'MPHAL (Bot.) the Arum pentaphyllum of Linnæus. of the rhymopæia. RHOPALA (Bot.) the same as the Rupala.

RHY'MOPCIÀ (Mus.) podporou, that part of the musical RHOPALO'SIS (Med.) perenwo, a disorder of the head, science which prescribed the laws of rhyme, or what ap

which, as it is described by Galen, resembles the Plica pertained to the rhymic art. The rhyroopæia was to the Polonica. Gal. Def. Med.

rhymic art what the melopæia is to melody, and was prinRHOPE (Med.) pozu, from péro, to verge; a violent tendency cipally connected with poetry, because poetry alone reof the humours to any particular part.

gulated the movements of the ancient music. RHOPHE'MA (Med.) pównucu, the cremor of ptisan, i. e. RÅ YTHMUS (Mus.) the Greck word fubjeès, in its most

the pulp of barley decorticated and boiled, according to general sense, denoted the proportion of all the parts of Hippocrates ; but Cælius Aurelianus renders it by sorbilis any whole to one another, and to that whole; whence it cibus, from go ców, to sip. Gorr. Def. Med. ; Foes. Econom. was employed to denote the difference of movement in the Hippocrat.

voice, which results from the relative duration of sounds. RHUBARB (Bot.) the Rheum of Linnæus, a perennial, the This was formerly determined by the quantity of long and

root of which is well-known for its purgative quality. The short syllables, of which their singing was simply the essence of this root is better extracted by water than by expression ; but, among the moderns, the rhythmus, which

spirit.- Monk's Rhubarb, the Rumer alpinus of Linnæus. is called Measure, is merely the accommodating the long RHUMB (Mar.). or Rumb, a vertical circle of any place, and short notes to syllables, so as properly to separate the

or the intersection of a part of such a circle with the words, and give due force to the accented syllable. horizon. Rhumbs, therefore, coincide with the points of RHYTHMUS (Med.) the cadence or harmony of the pulse, the horizon, being divided and subdivided like the point when there is a due proportion between one pulsation and of the compass. Rhumb-line, Lorodromia, a line pro those which follow. longed from any point of the compass in a nautical chart, RI'AL (Com.) or real, a Spanish silver coin, the eighth part except the four cardinal points; or it is the line which a of a piastre, about sixpence three farthings sterling, so ship, keeping in the same collateral point, or rhumb, de called from real, royal, because it was stamped with scribes throughout its whole course.

the King's effigy; the same name was given to the noble RHUS (Bot.) pås, a plant, of which three different kinds are in the reign of Henry VI.

distinguished by the ancients; namely, the pôs pocrysipixos, RIB (Anat.) vide Ribs. Rhus obsoniorum, i. e. the Rhus of the cooks; pão suppo- | RiB (Archit.) an arch-formed piece of timber, as the ribs deyond, Rhus coriariorum, the Rhus of the tanners; and for sustaining a vaulted or coved ceiling.

RIBAU'D (Law) a rogue and vagabond, one given to all Species. The single species, the Richeria grandis, is a tree. manner of wickedness. Sint. 50 Ed. 3.

RI'CHES (Sport.) a company of martens or sables. RIBBAND (Mar.) or ribands, from rib and band, in French | RICINE'LÌ, Å (Bot.) Adelia ricinella of Linnæus.

lisses des couples ; long narrow flexible pieces of timber | RICINOCARPOS (Bot.) the Croton ricinocarpus of Line nailed upon the outside of the ribs, near the fore-mast, to næus. the aft-inast square-timbers, so as to encompass the ship RICINOI'DES (Bot.) the Croton althæifolium et pallens, &c. lengthwise.

of Linnæus. RIBBING (Carpent.) the whole of the timber-work for sus RI'CINUS (Bot.) róxo or xpórwy, a tick; a plant so called

taining a vaulted ceiling. - Ribbing-Nails, nails which are from the resemblance which the form of the seed bears to used for fastening the ribs of ships.

a tick. Theophrast. Hist. Plant. I. 1, c. 16 ; Dioscor. l. 4, RI'BBON (Her.) an ordinary which is the eighth

c. 163; Plin. l. 11, c. 94. part of the bend, but which does not touch

Ricinus, in the Linnean system, a genus of plants, Class 21 the escutcheon at its ends, as in the an

Monoecia, Order 8 Monadelphia. nexed figure. “He beareth, or, a ribbon,

Generic Character. Cal. perianth one-leaved.-Cor. none. gules.'

-Stam. in the male ; filaments very numerous.- Pist. Rİ'BES (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 5 Pen

in the female ; germ ovate; styles three; stigmas simple. tandria, Order i Monogynia.

- Per. capsule roundish; seeds solitary. Generic Character. Cal. perianth one-leaved.-Cor. petals Species. The species are either annuals or biennials, as

five.-Sram. filaments five; anthers incumbent.—Pist. the- Ricinus communis, seu Cataputin, Common Palma germ roundish; slyle bifid; stigmas obtuse.- Per. berry Christi.-Ricinus mappa, Tanarius, &c. globular; seeds very many.

RICKETS (Med.) the vulgar name for the disease called Species. Plants of this genus are well-known shrubs of the Racilis.

the currant and gooseberry, the principal species of RICOCHET (Gunn.) a French term signifying literally which are - Ribes rubrum, seu Grossularia, Common a bound, such as a stone gives on the surface of the water, Currant. Ribes nigrum, Common Black Currant. - but is applied particularly to that mode of firing a piece of Ribes grossularia, Rough-fruited Gooseberry.- Ribes ordnance at such elevations that the shot or shell should uon crispa, Smooth-fruited Gooseberry, &c.

roll or bound along the opposite rampart. RIBE'SIUM (Bot.) the same as Ribes.

RICO'PHORA (Boi.) the Dioscoren alata of Linnæus. RIBIBLE (Mus.) a small viol with three strings.

RICO'TIA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 15 Tetradynamia, RIBS (Anat.) costæ, the long curved bones which are placed Order 2 Siliquosa.

in an oblique direction at the sides of the chests. They Generic Character. Cal. perianth four-leaved; leaflets are generally twelve in number on each side, though oblong.-Cor. four-petalled ; petals obcordate.-STAN. sometimes they have been found to be thirteen, and filaments six ; anthers oblong.–Pist. germ cylindrical ; sometimes eleven. They are distinguished into true and style scarcely any; stigma acute.-Per. silique lanceo false.— True Ribs are the seven upper ribs, which are arti late-oval, one-celled, two-valved; valves flat ; seeds orbiculated to the sternum.- False Ribs, the five lower ones, cular. which are not immediately attached to the sternum. These Specics. The principal species is the Ricotia Ægyptiaca. ribs serve altogether to form the thorax, to cover and de- || RI'CTUS (Bot.) the gape or opening between the lips in a

fend the lungs, and to assist in breathing. [vide Analomy] labiate flower. Ribs (Mar.) another name for the timbers of which a ship To RIDE (Med.) a ship is said to ride when she is held in so is composed.

fast by her anchor that she does not drive away by wind RIB-WORT (Bot.) the Plantago lanceolata of Linnæus. or tide. A rope is said to ride when one of the turns, by RI'CCIA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 24 Cryptogamia, which it is wound about the capstan or windlass, lies over Order 4 Alga.

another so as to interrupt the operation of heaving. “ To Generic Character. Cal. and Cor. none.—Pist. germ ride easy” is said of a ship when she does not labour, or

turbinate; style filiform ; stigma simple.- Per. capsule feel a great strain upon her cables, in distinction from sessile; seeds very many.

Riding hard,” which is the contrary condition, when she Species. Plants of this genus were formerly known under pitches violently into the sea. “To ride a peak," i. e. to

the name of Lichen, Lichenastrum, and ilepaticum. ride with one end of the yards peaked up. " To ride RICE (Bot.) the Oryza sativa of Linnæus.

across," i. e. with the main-yards and fore-yards hoisted RICERCA'RI (Mus.) an Italian term for a kind of extem up. To ride a shot,” i, e. when the ship rides with two

pore prelude or overture very similar to what is in English cables fastened together that it may double in length, called voluntary.

wbich is called a shot. “ To ride between the wind and RICH (Mus.) an epithet for compositions which are clabo tide,” i. e. when the wind has equal force over the ship one rately and ingeniously combined.

way, and the tide the other way. “ To ride head to RICHA'RDIA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 5 Ilexandria, wind," or, as it is otherwise called, “ To ride wind to Order 1 Monogynia.

road,” i. e. when the wind has more power over the ship Generic Character. Cal. perianth one-leaved.-Cor. one in her riding than the tide has. “ 'To ride hawse full,"

petalled ; border six-cleft.-Stam. filaments six; anthers i. e. when a ship falls so deep into the sea with her head roundish. — Pist. germ inferior; style filiform; stigmas that the water breaks into her hawses.“ To ride athwart," blunt.—Per. none; seeds three.

i. e. when the ship rides with her side upon the tide. “To Species. The single species is the Richardia spicata. ride out a gale" is said of a ship that does not drive RICHE’RIA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 22 Dioccia, during a storm. “ To ride the head-rupe of a sail,” to Order 5 Pentandria.

shake and stretch it by treading upon it while a purchase Generic Character. Cal. perianth one-leaved.-Cor. petals is employed at the end to extend it.

four or five; neclaries four or five glands.-Sram, in the Ride of wood (Bot.) a whole clump of sprigs growing out male ; filaments four or five ; anthers oblong.–Pist. in of the same root, as in the hazel. the male germ conical, in the female, superior ; style RIDEA'U (Fort.) a rising ground commanding a plain ; in the female very short; stigmas three.- Per. capsule also a trench covered with earth in form of a parapet to corticate; seed one in each cell.

shelter soldiers.

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RI'DER (Gunn.) a piece of wood equal to the length of the in a fixed position.-Running rigging, that which is made · body of the axle-tree of the gun-carriage, upon which the to pass through various blocks, &c.— Top-mast rigging conside-pieces rest.

sists of the top-mast shrouds, stays, &c. -Top-gallant mast Rider (Com.) the name of one who receives a part of the rigging, that which is fixed to the top.gallant masts, &c.

pay belonging to any official situation, while another per Rigging-loft, the room in his Majesty's dock-yards where forms its duties and bears the responsibility. Rider is also the rigging is fitted up. one who travels for a mercantile house to collect orders, RIGHT (Law) includes not only every right for which a writ money, &c.

of right lies, but also any title or claim by virtue of a conRI'DER-ROLL (Law) a schedule, or small piece of parch dition, mortgage, &c. for which no action is given by law, · ment, often added to some part of a roll, record, or act but only an entry. There is a Jus proprietatis, a Right of of Parliament.

Property; Jus possessionis, a Right of Possession; Jus proRIDERS (Mar.) great timbers bolted on other timbers to prietatis et possessionis, a Right both of Property and Posstrengthen them, when a ship is but weakly built.

session; thus if a man bc disseised of lands, the disseisee RIDGE (Mar.) a long assemblage of rocks lying near the hath jus proprietatis, the disscisor hath jus possessionis; and surface of the sea.

if the disseisee release to the disseisor, the latter hath jus RIDGE (Agric.) the space of land between two furrows. proprietatis et possessionis, which was anciently called jus Ridge (Carpent.) the highest part of the roof of a house. duplicatum. There is also a present and a future right, a RIDGE-BAND (Man.) that part of a horse's harness, which jus in re, which may be granted to a stranger, and a jus runs across his back.

ad rein, otherwise called a Naked Right, where an estate RI'DGES (Archit.) the spaces between the channels of is turned to a right on a discontinuance. Right also intimber or wrought stone.

cludes an estate in esse in conveyances; and therefore if a Ridges (Vei.) wrinkles in the roof of a horse's mouth with tenant in fee-simple makes a lease and release of all his furrows between them.

right in the land to another, the whole estate in fee passes. RIDGE-WASHED-KE'RSEY (Mech.) kersey-cloth made Co. Litt. I. 3, c. 8, &c.; Wood's Inst. I. 115, 116.—Writ of of Aeece wool, washed only on the sheep's back.

right close, vidle Recto.- Right close, a writ which lies for RI'DING-CLERK (Law) one of the six clerks in Chancery, tenants in ancient demesne, and others of a similar nature,

who, in his turn, for one year, keeps the comptrolment to try the right of their lands and tenements in the court books of all grants that pass the great seal.

of the lord exclusively-Right in court, vide Rectus. RIDING (Geog.) a division of the county of York, of which | Right (Math.) an epithet for what lies evenly, without in

there are three ; namely, the West-Riding, East-Riding, clining either way, as a right line.Right angle, an angle and North-Riding.

formed by one right line falling perpendicularly on another. RIDI'TTA (Mus.) the same as Repeat.

-Right-angled figure, a figure whose sides are at right anRIDO'TTO (Mus.) an entertainment of music dancing, &c. gles, or that stand perpendicularly one to another.--RightRIENS arriére (Law) i. e. nothing in arrear; a plea used in angled triangle, a triangle having one right angle.Right

an action of debt upon arrearages of accounts.- Riens cone, cylinder, prism, and pyramid, one whose axis is at passe par le fait, i. e. nothing passes by the deed; a form right angles to the base --Right sine, one that stands at of an exception taken in some causes to an action. right angles to the diameter, in distinction from the versed Riens per descent, i. e. nothing by descent; a form of sine. [vide Sine] pleading when an heir is sued for the debt of his ancestor, || Right sphere (Astron.) that position of the sphere by which and hath not effects in his hand.

its poles are in the horizon.-Right ascension or descension, RIER-COU'NTY (Law) a place appointed by the sheriff the ascension or descension of a star or planet in a right

(after his court is ended) for the receipt of the King's sphere.-Right circle, in the stereographic projection of money. Stat. West. 2, 13 Ed. 1, c. 38; Stat. 2 Ed. 3, the sphere, is a circle at right angles to the plane of the c. 5; Flet. 1. 2, c. 67.

projection. [vide Astronony and Plate 15) RIFFIORME'NTI (Mus.) a name given to decorative inter- Rigut sailing (Mar.) is when a voyage is performed upon polations introduced by the performer.

any of the cardinal points. RIFLE (Gunn.) rifle gun, or rifle-barrelled gun, a gun which To Right the helm (Mar.) to keep the helm even with the

has lines or channels within its barrel running in a verini. middle of the ship.—To right a ship, in French redresser cular direction, according to the fancy of the artificer. un vaisseau, to restore her to an upright position after she Riflemen, a description of soldiers armed with rifles, who has been laid on a careen. are employed as marksmen to fire behind hedges, and RIGIDUS (Bot.) stiff, inflexible ; an epithet applied to the from covert places.

stem, leaves, and the bristles of plants. RIFT of a horse's hoof (Vet.) that part of it which is parted RIGLET (Archit.) any square, fiat, thin piece of wood, like or cut off.

those which are designed for making the frames of small RIFTS (Vet.) a disease in the mouth of a horse when corrup pictures before they are moulded. tion lodges in the palate.

RIGLETS (Print.) thin slips of wood, which are used in TO RIG (Mar.) in French gréer, garnir, &c.; to fit the making up a form, for the tightening the pages, &c. shrouds, stays, braces, &c. to their respective masts and RIGOR (Aled.) põžos, from porów, to be cold; coldness atyards.-—" To rig out a boom,” to run out a pole upon the tended with shivering. This is an affection of the whole end of a yard or bowsprit, to extend the foot of a sail. body, in distinction from horror, or shuddering, which is a To rig in a boom," i. e. to draw it in from its situation violent commotion in the skin, and perfrication, which is a upon the end of a yard, bowsprit, &c.-Well-rigged, an gentle coinmotion in the sanie part. Hippocrat. Coac. epithet for a ship when her ropes are of a size propor Prænot.; Gal. de Trem. tioned to her burden.-Over-rigged, an epithet for a ship RIM (Mar.) or brim, a name given to a narrow skirting of that has her ropes too big for her.

board round the


side of any of the tops of a vessel. RI'GEL (Astron.) vide Regel.

RI'MA (Anat.) a fissure, or opening, as rima laryngis, rima RIGGING (Mar.) a general name for all the cordage or rulvæ, &c.---Rima glottidis, the opening in the larynx,

ropes whatsoever belonging to the masts or yards, or any through which the air passes in and out of the lungs. parts about the ship.-Lower rigging denotes the shrouds, || RIMO'SUS (Bot.) chinked, or full of cracks or clefts an stays, &c. attached to the lower masts.-Standing rigging, epithet applied to the bark of some trees. that which is employed to sustain the masts, and remain RIND (Bot.) the skin of any fruit.

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