deposit their spawn, called Salmon-souse, in beds of gravel. combination of tartaric acid with the two bases soda and There are scarcely any difficulties which they will not over potash. To denote the proportions between the acid and come in order to reach their place of destination. They the base a particular nomenclature has been adopted; nameascend rivers for hundreds of miles, force themselves up ly, the termination ale to denote an excess of neither acid against the most rapid streams, and leap with amazing agi nor base, the preposition super to denote an excess of acid, lity over cataracts several feet in height. After spawning and sub to denote an excess of base; also the termination they return to the sea poor and lean. The vent is near ate to denote a maximum of oxygen in the acid, and itą the tail.–Salmon Trout, the Salmo trutta of Linnæus, a to denote the minimum, &c. [vide Chemistry]

species of the salmon which has a body spotted with black. Salts (Com.) are distinguished according to the process by SALMON-LOUSE (Ent.) an insect, the Lernæa salmonca which they are prepared, and by their properties, into of Linnæus, which infests salmon.

essential, fixed, and volatile.--Essential salts are drawn SALMON-PIPE (Mech.) a device for catching salmon. from the juices of plants, by crystallization.-Fixed salts SALOO'N (Archit.) a lofty spacious sort of hall, vaulted at are made by calcining or reducing the matter to ashes,

the top, and usually comprehending two stories, with two then boiling it in water, and afterwards straining it, sufferranges of windows. It is a state room much used in Italy ing all the moisture to evaporate, when the salt will remain for the reception of ambassadors.

in the form of a powder at the bottom of the vessel, SA'LOP (Bot.) a substance brought from Persia, which is Volatile salts, those which are principally drawn from the

supposed to be the prepared root of the Orchis morio, mas bodies or parts of animals, or from the fermented parts of cula, &c.

plants, &c. SA'LPA (Ent.) a genus of animals, Class Vermes, Order SALTATO'RIUM (Archæol.) a deer leap, or place to keep

Mollusca, having the body tubular, loose, and gelatinous ; deer in.
intestines placed obliquely. Animals of this genus are gre- | SA'LTER (Com.) one who deals in salt, or salt fish.
garious, and often adhere to each other: they swim with SA'LTERS, Company of (Her.) were incorpo-
great facility, and have the power of contracting or open rated in the reign of Henry VIII. They
ing at pleasure the cavities of the extremities.

consist of a master, 3 wardens, 28 assistants, SALPINGO-PHARYNGEUS (Anat.) a muscle which as and 140 on the livery, besides yeomanry.

sists in dilating the Eustachian tube.--Salpingo-staphilinus, Their armorial ensigns are " Azure and gules, the same as the Levator palati.

three covered salts, or, sprinkling salt, proper.' SA'LSAFY (Bot.) the root of the Tragopogon pratense, or SA'LTIRE (Her.) a cross, which is an ordinary formed by the Purple Goat's Beard.

the bend dexter, and bend sinister, crossing SALSILLA (Bot.) the Alstroemeria salsilla of Linnæus. each other at acute angles in the centre, SALSIRO'RA (Bot.) the Drosera rotundifolia of Linnæus. which, uncharged, contains the fifth, and SA'LSOLA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 5 Pentandria, charged, the third part of the field, as Order 2 Digynia.

Azure, a saltire argent, name Gerrard." Generic Character.

Cal. perianth five-parted. - CoR. The saltire is not so subject to variations by
STAM. filaments five. Pist. germ globular;

, are style three-parted; stigmas recurved. — Per. capsule examples of saltires engrailed, and saltires reguled.Per ovate; seed single.

Saltires. [vide Sallireways]
Species. Plants of this genus derive their name from their | SA'LTIREWAYS (Her.) or per Saltire, an

salt quality, and are well known for producing the alca epithet for any charge that is in the form
line salt commonly called Barilla, Soda, or Kelp. The of a saltire, or for any field that is divided
species are mostly herbaceous annuals, as the--Salsola off into four parts by two lines in fashion of a
kali, Tragum, seu Tragus, Prickly Saltwort.-Salsola saltire, as in the annexed figure.
sativa, Spanish Saltwort.-Salsola altissima, seu Cheno- | SALT-PETRE (Chem.) from sal, salt, and
podium.--Salsola muricata, seu Bassia.

76714, a rock; a kind of mineral salt, which, Salsola is also the name of the Chenopodiun oppositifoliuu. being very combustible, fornis the principal ingredient in SALTS (Chem.) were originally considered as an interme gunpowder.

diate class of bodies between earths and minerals; but at | SALTS (Her,) or Sall-cellars, a name for the vessel in

present the term salt is restricted to three sorts of sub which the salt is put when it is brought to the table. It istances, namely, acids, alkalies, and the compounds which is borne in the arms of the Salters' company; and, in

acids form with alkalies, earths, and metallic oxides. The former times, it was customary to place one of these saltş two former of these sorts were called simple or primitive

in the midule of the table at entertainments, by way of salts, in distinction from the latter, which, being composed distinguishing the quality of the persons by their seats, of two or more simple saline substances, are therefore de the nobility being placed above the salt and the yeomanry nominated compound or secondary. Acid salts, which are below. known by their acid taste, are more properly considered SA'LT-SILVER (Law) a penny paid to the lord by the under the head of Acids; and alkalies, which are known tenants to be excused from the service of carrying his salt by their urinous and caustic taste, fall under the head of from the market to his larder. Alkalies : [vide Acid and Alkalies] wherefore the term SA'LTUS (Archæol.) from saltus, a grore; high wood, in salts are now still more especially confined to the secon opposition to coppice. dary saline bodies which are otherwise called neutral, be- SALT-WORT (Bot.) the Salsola of Linnæus. cause they possess the properties of neither acids nor alka- SALTZ (Chem.) a pickle made of salt, dissolved by the lies, as Epsom Salts, nitre, &c. Salts are denominated from coldness or moisture of a cellar. the acids which they contain ; the earth, alkali, and me SALVADO'RA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 4 Tetrantallie oxide, combined with the acid, being called the dria, Order 1 Monogynia. base of the salt: thus common salt, which is a compound Generic Character. Cal. perianth, one-leaved. - Cor. of muriatic acid, and soda, is called a muriate, and soda is one-petalled. — Stam. filaments four, reflex; anthers called the base of common salt; but when any salt has round.-Pist. yern roundish ;-style single; stigma simmore than one substance for its base it is called a triple ple, blunt.--Per. berry globular; seed covered with an salt, as the tartrate of soda and potash, a salt formed by the aril.

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Species. The species are trees, as the Salvadora persica, || SAMBU'CUS (Mus.) an ancient wind instrument, resente

Ririna, Cissus, seu Embelia.-Salvadora capitulata, et bling a flute in shape. biflora.

SAMBUCUS (Bot.) in the Greek árta; a plant so called, as SALVA GA'RDIA (Law) the protection given by a prince some have supposed, from the musical instrument of the "" to a stranger to secure the latter from the violence of any same name. Theophrast. Hist. Plant. I. 3, c. 13; Dioscor, of his subjects.

1. 4, c. 175; Plin. 1. 24, c. 8; Myrer. sect. 3. SALVAGE (Law) a recompenice allowed to a ship that | SAMBUCUS, in the Linnean system, a genus of plants, has rescued another from capture, or wreck.

Class 5 Pentandria, Order 3 Trigynia. SALVETE'LLA (Anat.) the vein which runs from the veins Generic Character. Cal. perianth one-leaved.

Cor. of the arm, and is terminated in the little finger.

one-petalled.--Stam. filaments five, awl-shaped ; anSA'LVER (Law) one who has saved a ship, or its merchan. thers roundish.—Pist. germ inferior; style none; stigmas dise.

three. SALVER (Mech.) a piece of wrought plate to set glasses Species. The species are shrubs, as the--Sambucus ebulus, upon.

seu Ebulus.--Sambucus nigra, Common Elder.Sambito SA'LVIA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 2 Diandria, Order cus japonica, Japonese Elder. Dod. Pempt.; Clus. 1 Monogynia.

Hist.; Bauh, Hist., Bauh. Pin.; Ger. Herb, ; Park. Generic Character. Cal. perianth one-leaved. Cor. Theat. Bot. ; Raii Hist.; Tourn. Inst. hone-petalled.--Stam. filaments two, very short.-Pist. SAMBUCUS, another name for the Erithales ; also for the

germ four:cleft; style filiform; stigma bifid.-Per, none; Viburnum opulus. seeds four, roundish.

SAMECH (Chem.) the salt of tartar. Species. Plants of this genus are herbaccous, perennials, SAMIA TERRA (in.) Expaíce yn, Samian earth ; a meor undershrubs, as the-Salvia officinalis, Garden Sage. dicinal sort of earth of the argillaceous kind, brought from

-Salvia sclarea, Common Clary.-- Salvia pratensis, the island of Samos, which was reckoned astringent. S; OrualaSclarea, seu Horminum, Meadow Sage or Clary. Dioscor. I. 5, c. 172.

Salvin indica, Indian Sage or Clary.. Salvia vere SAMIUS lupis (Min.) tábos ir Eávyo, Samian stone; a stone benaca, Vervain Sage or Clary.-Salvin glutinosa, Yellow brought from the island of Samos, and used by goldsmiths Sage or Clary-Salvia æ!hiopis, seu Æthiopis.

in polishing and brightening gold. It was reckoned astrinSalvia is also the name of the Phlomis fruticosa, Italica, gent. Dioscor. l. 5, c. 173. &c.

SAMNITES (Ant.) a sort of gladiators mentioned by SALVIFO'LIA (Bot.) the Celtis orientalis of Linnæus. Cicero and others. They derived their name from their SALVI'NIA (Bot.) a genus, of plants, of the Class Crypto armour, which is described by Livy. Cic. pro. Sect. c. 64; gamia.

Liv. 1. 9, c. 40; Plin. l. 7, c. 20; Solin, c. 1. SALUTA'R IS litera (Ant.) the letter A, so called be- SAMOLOIDES (Bot.) the Scoparia dulcis of Linnæus.

cause it was a note of acquittal among the Romans. SA'MOLUS (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 5 Pentandria, [vide A]

Order 1 Monogynia. SALUTARIES (Med.) such diseases as admit of an easy Generic Character. Cal. perianth five-parted. - Cor,

cure, and are supposed to have a salutary effect on the con one-petalled.-Stam. filaments five, short ; anthers constitution.

verging. -- Pist. germ inferior; style filiform; stigma SALUTATOʻRES (Ecc.) a set of enthusiasts in Spain of capitate.-Per.capsule ovate ; seeds very numerous.

the order of St. Catherine, who pretended to the cure of Species. The single species, the — Samolus valerandi, many disorders by touching, or only breathing on the peni Anagallis, Alsine, seu Szmolus, Brookweed or Water tents,

Pimpernel, is a perennial. SALUTE (Numis) the name of a coin made by Henry V. | SAMOTHRA'CIAS (Min.) a kind of precious stone, of a

after his conquest of France, whereon the arms of England black colour. - and France were stamped and quartereda

SAMPA'CCA (Bot.) another name for the Liriodendron of SALUTE (Mile). a discharge of artillery, or presenting of Linnæus.

arms, as a mark of honour or respect to some person. SAMPANE (Mur.) a kind of vessel used by the Chinese. Salute (Mar.) a testimony of respect to the ships of an SAMPIRE (Bot.) the Crithmum of Linnæus.-Golden Samai admiral or superior, by the discharge of the ordnance, pire, the Inula.-Marsh Sampire, the Salicornia. 5». the striking of colours, &c. !!!

SAMPLAR (Mech.) a piece of canvas on which girls learn SAMARA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 4 Tetrandria, to mark letters, &c. with a needle. Order 1 Monogynia.

ŞAMPSÆIANS (Theol.) a sect who were properly neither Generic Character. ': CAL. perianth very small. -- Cor. Jews, Gentiles, nor Christians. Ti pétals four, ovate.-STAM. filaments four, awl-shaped : SAMPSON'S Post (Mar.) a sort of pillar erected in a

anthers subcordate. — Pist. germ ovate, ending in a ship’s hold, that is furnished with notches for steps to :35.) style that is superior : stigma funnel-form.- Per drupe ascend and descend. Also a post used in ships of war for ?! roundish ; seed solitary.

shipping and -Species. The species are trees, as the Salvia lela, coria- | SAMPSŮCHINON (Ned.) onu púzsver, an ointment wherein cea, pentandra, &c.

marjoram was the chief ingredient. Dioscor. I. 1, c. 58. SAMARITANS ( Theol.) a seet among the Jews who re SAMPSUCHUM (Bot.) a name formerly given to Ana:jected all the Scriptures except the five books of Moses, and denied the resurrection,

SAMPSUCHUS (But.) the Thymus of Linnæus. SAMBAC (Bot.) the Jasminum sambac of Linnæus.

SAMYDA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 10 Decandria, SAMBENITO (Ecc.) or san-bunito, a coat of sackcloth Crder 1 Monogynia.

used by penitents on their reconciliation to the church. Generic Character. Cal. perianth one-leaved. Cor. A coat of the same name, painted with hideous figures, none; nectary one-leaved. -Stam. filaments none; anwas formerly svorn by persons : condemned for heresy by thers ten.- Pist. germ ovate ; style awl-shaped ; stigma the inquisition, when they went to execution.

capitate.-Per. capsule roundish; seeds very many. BAMBUCA (Mus.) an ancient stringed instruinent used by Species. The species are shrubs, as the Samyda nitida, the Greeks.

multiflora, villosa, &c.


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SAMYDA is also another name for the Cascaria."

globular; style filiform; stigma thickish. Pen. berry SANAMU'NDA (Bot.) the Daphnis thymella of Linnæus. roundish; seeds five. SANASA'NCTA (Bot.) the Nicotiana tobacum.

Species. The single species, the Sandoricum indicum is a SANCTUARY (Theol.) vide Sanctum sanctorum.

tree. SANCTUARY (Ecc.) a name among the Roman Catholics for SAND-PIPER (Orn.) a sort of heath bird, the Tringa of that part of the church where the altar is placed.

Linnæus; including among its species the Ruff and Reeve, SANCTUM-SANCTORUM (Theol.) i. e. the Holy of the Lapwing, the Plover, the Sanderling, the Phalarupe,

Holies; the innermost and holiest place of the Jewish and the Purre. temple, where the ark was kept.

SAND-STONE (Min.) a soft compound stone, consisting SANDALA'RIUS (Ant.) the sandal-maker. (vide Sanda of grains of sand, &c. cemented together. It is a genus 5. lium] SANDAL'GERULUS (Ant.) vide Sandalium.

of Aggregate Earths in the Linncan system, under the ERUI

name of Arenarius. The principal species are the GrindSANDAL-BEARERS, vide Sandalium.

Stone and the Filtering-Stone. SANDA'LIUM (Ant.) Sardinier, a rich kind of slipper SA'NDYX (Chem.) szové, ceruss calcined in a pot till it

worn by the Greek and Roman ladies. It was maile of acquires the colour of sandarach, realgar or red arsenic. : gold, silk, and other precious stuffs, and consisted of a SANGENOS (Chem.) a gum of the opal kind. sole with an hollow part, to embrace the ancle, leaving | SANGIAC (Polit.) the governor of a province in Turkey, the upper part of the foot bare. They were not, how whose dignity entitled him to have a horse's tail carried ever, always made of such costly materials, or confined before him. The Sangiacs were the next in authority to to the use of the women, as we learn from both sacred the beys or viceroys. · and profane history. Our Saviour permitted his disciples SANGUÍFICATION (Med.) a natural function of the body

to wear Sandals ot' wood, as we learn from Mark vi. 9; by which the chyle is changed into blood. and Herodotus speaks of the sandals worn by Perseus. | SANGUI'FLUUS (Zool.) a poisonous serpent. Those who made the sandals were called Sandalarii, of | SANGUINARIA Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 13 Poly. · whom mention is made in an inscription on the Appian andria, Order 1 Monogynia.

Way. The servants who bore the sandals for their masters Generic Character. CAL. perianth two-leaved. - Cor. or mistresses were called, sandalgeruli, or sandaligerulæ. petals eight.-Stam. filaments very many; anthers, simHerod. I. 2, c. 91.

ple.-Pist. germ oblong; style none; stigma thickish:SANDA'PILA (Ant.) a bier for the poorer or meaner sort PER. capsule oblong : seeds very many. of people among the Romans.

Species. The single species, the Sanguinaria canadensis, Juv. Sat. 8, v. 175.

Chelidorium, Ranunculus, is a perennial with a tuberous

root. Park. Theat. Bot. Inter carnifices et fabros sandapilarum.

SANGUINE (Her.) an epithet for the murrey Sueton. in Domil. c. 17; Scholiast. in Juven. ; Fulgent. colour, or dark red, represented in an enExposit. Ant. serm. c. 1.

graving by lines hatched across one another SAND-BAGS (Forl.) bags holding about a cubic foot of diagonally both dexter and sinister, as in the earth or sand, which are used in repairing breaches, &c.

annexed figure. in a fortification.

SA'NGUIS (Anat.) vide Blood. SANDEEL (Ich.) an eel which lies in the sand, at the bot- SANGUIS (Law) a right or power which the lord had to detom of rivers.

termine in causes where blood was shed. SAND-HEAT (Chem.) a sort of heat procured by heated SANGUIS calcetus (Chem.) whatever is of as quick and sharp

sand, which is employed sometimes for the purpose of taste as calx. chemical digestion.

SANGUISO'RBA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 4 Tetran. SA'NDAL-WOOD (Bot.) the wood of the Santalum album dria, Order I Monogynia.

et flavum of Linnæus, which is remarkable for its fragrance. Generic Character. Cal. perianth two-leaved.Cor. oneIt is only the interior part of the trunk which yields this petalled.--Stan. filaments four; anthers simple.- Pist. valuable wood.

gern roundish; style filiform; stigma simple.- Per. capSANDARACK (Min.) a mineral not much unlike arsenic. sule globular ; seeds very many. SA'NDARACH (Bot.) a resinous substance which exudes Species. The species are hardy plants, as the--Sanguisorba

spontaneously from the Thya articulata, a tree growing in officinalis, seu Pimpinella, Great Bumet. Sanguisorba Barbary. It is usually in the state of small round drops, media et canadensis. Dod. Pempt.; Bauh. Hist.'; Raij of a brown colour and semi-transparent, not unlike mastich.

Hist. &c. SANDARA'CHA (Chem.) another name for Red Arsenic. | SANGUISORBA is also another name for the Poterium. [vide Arsenic)

SANGUISU'GA (Ent.) the Leech or Bloodsucker, the HiSANDA'STROS (Min.) a precious stone, called also gara rudo sangnisngn of Linnæus. matites.

SA'NHEDRIM ( Theol.) from the Hebrew ornid, and the SA'ND-BOX-TREE (Bot.) the Hura crepitans of Linnæus. Greek oudcov, the supreme council or court of judicature SA'NDERLING (Orn.) a sort of moor fowl very

similar to

among the Jews, consisting of the high priest and seventy the pewit.

seniors or elders. SANDERS (Bot.) a precious kind of Indian wood, the SA'NICLE (Bot.) another ' name for the herb Self-Heal, the same as Sandal wood.

Sanicula of Linnæus.-- American Sanicle, the Heuchera SANDGA'VEL (Law) a duty paid to the lord of the manor Americana, a perennial.--Yorkshire Sunicle, the Pingui,

of Rodeley in Gloucestershire by his tenants, for liberty cula vulgaris, a perennial. to dig up sand for their use.

SANICULA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 5 Pentandria, SA'N DIVER (Mech.) the dross which separates from the Order 2 Digynia. metal in the manufacture of glass.

Generic Character. CAL. umbel universal, with very few SANDO'RICUM (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 10 De rays, partial with very many.-CoR. universal uniform. candria, Order 1 Monogynia.

-Stam. filaments five, simple ; anthers roundish.-- Pist. Generic Character. Cal. perianth one-leaved.--Cor. petals germ hispid; styles two, awl-shaped; stigmas acute.- Per.

five, lanceolate; nectary tube cylindrical.-Pist. germ none; seeds two, convex.

tains to soap

Species. The species are perennials, as the Sanicula glands roundish:-Stau. filaments eight; anthers cor

Europæa, Glaucalis, Astrantia, seu Diapensia, Common date, erect.-Pist. germ triangular ; styles three, sbort;
Sanicle.-Sanicula caryadensis, et marilandica.' Dod. stigmas simple, obtuse. - Per. capsules three, fleshy;
Pemptı; Bauh. Hist.; Ger. Herb, ; Park. Theat. Bot.; seed nut, globular.
Raii Hist. &c.

Species. The principal species are the-Sapindus sapoSANICULA is also the name of the Sarifraga stellaris, Aretia naria, seu Quity, Common Soap-berry Tree. -Sapindus vitelliana, Metella diphylla, et Cortusa matthioli.

laurifolius, seu Conghas, Panristi, Bay-leaved Soap-berry SA'NIES, ( Med.) the same as Ichor.

Tree.- Sapindus edulis, Dimocarpus, Litchi, Latzi, Lici, SANKEFIN (Law) vide Saunkefin,

seu Euphoria, Esculent Soap-berry-Tree, or Chinese LeeSANKIRA (Bot.) the China orientalis.

chee. Pis. and Marcg. Bras. Hist. ; Raii Hist. Plant. SANQUA'LIS (Zool.) a kind of eagle, called the Osprey: SAPINDUS is also a name for the Kæhlreutoria paullinioides SANS-PRENDRE (Sport.), a term at quadrille for playing

of Linnæus. alone.

SAPIUM (Bot.) the Hippomance biglandulosa of Linnæus. SANTALUM (Bota) a genus of plants, Class 4 Tetrandria, SA'PLING (Bot.) a young tree full of sap. Order | Monogynia.

SA'PO (Chem.) vide Soap. Generic Character. Cal. perianth margin four-toothed.- SAPONA'CEOUS (Chem.) an epithet for whatever apperCor. petals four; glands four, smaller than the petals.

STAM. filaments four; authers simple. - Pist. germ SAPONARIA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 10 Decaninferior; style length of the stamens; stigma simple. dria, Order 2 Digymia. Per. berry ; seed one.

Generic Character. Cal. perianth one-leaved.Cor. petals Species. The single species is the Santalum album, the five.-STAm. filaments ten, awl-shaped; anthers oblong. White and Yellow Sandal-Wood.

- Pist, germ subcylindrical; styles two, straight; stig. SANTOLI'NA (Bt.) a genus of plants, Class 19 Synge mas acute. Pek. capsule one-celled; seeds numerous ; nesia, Order 1 Polygamia Equalis.

receptacle free. Gencric Character. Cal. common hemispherical.Cor. Species. Saponaria officinalis, Lychnis, seu Bootia, Com

compound uniform; proper one-petalled. - Stam. fila mon Soapwort.-Saponaria ocymoides, seu Ocymoides, ments five, capillary; anther cylindrical.- Pist. germ Basil Soapwort.- Saponaria bellidifolia, Globularia, seu four-cornered; style filiform; stigmas two, oblong. Bellis. Per. none; seeds solitary: receptacle chaffy.

SAPORI'FIC (Chem.) an epithet for the particles of natural Species. The species are shrubs, as the--Santolina cha bodies, which, by their action on the tongue, produce the

mecyparissus, Abrotanum, Polium, seu Absinthium, sensation of taste. Common Lavender Cotton. Santolina rosmarinifolin, SAPO'TA (Bot.) the same as the Achras of Linnæus. Rosemary-leaved Lavender Cotton.-Santolina alpina, SA'PPAN (Bot.) the Cæsalia sappan of Linnæus. Santolinoides, seu Pyrethrum, Alpine Lavender Cotton. SA'PPERS (Fort.) soldiers who are attached to the artificers - Santolina maritima, Athanasia, seu Gnaphalium, &c. and engineers, for the purpose of assisting in the labours Clus. Hist.; Dod. Pempt.; Bauh. Hist., Bauh. Pin. ;

of sapping. Ger. Herb.; Park. Theat. Bot.

SA'PPHIC verse (Poet.) carmen sapphicum, so called from Santolina is also another name for the Athanasia et Tana the poetess Sappho, by whom it was first used, consists of * cetum.

five feet, namely, a trochee, a spondee, a dactyl, and two SANTOLINOI'DES (Bot.) the Santolina alpina of Linnæus. trochees, as SANTONICA (Bot.) the Artemisia of Linnæus.

Hor. Carm. I. 1, od. 12, v. 29. SAP (Bot.) succus, the juice or fluid part of a tree; also the

Dēpší lát, sā.x- | -ís ägă- 1 -tātús | humör. tender white part of the wood. SAP (Fort.) a deep trench cut in order to make a passage SA'PPHIRE (Min.) a hard stone of a blue colour, like that

into a covert way. Saps are of different kinds ; namely of the sky, which comes nearest to the diamond in splenSingle Sap, if it have only one parapet.--Double Sap, if it dour. It is distinguished by its colour into male and fehave a parapet on each side.-Flying Sap, if it be made of male, the latter of which is paler than the former. It is gabions, &c.--Ilalf Sap, if the trench be half the depth. also distinguished into the oriental and occidental sapphire. Covered Sap, if it consist of a gallery sunk into the SAPPHIRE (Her.) a name for the blue colour in the coats of earth.

noblemen. SAPA (Med.) an old form of a medicine like rob.

SAPPHIRI'NA aqua (Chem.) a solution of sal ammoniac in SAPAJO'U (Zool.) a division of the genus Simia, consisting lime water, standing in a copper vessel.

of those species of the monkey tribe as have prehensile SAPPING (Fort.) the working under ground to gain the tails, no pouches, and their haunches covered.

descent of a ditch, counterscarp, &c. SAPERDA (Ich.) renégoin, the name of a fish that is men- | SAPPI'NUS (Bot.) the Fir.

tioned twice by Hippocrates in his book, “ De internis | SA'PRUM (Med.) a potion made with salt, wine, and rotAffectionibus.”

ten cheese, as a cure for the cholic. Plin. 1. 28, c. 9. SAPERDA (Ent.) the name given by Fabricius to a division SARABA'ND (Mus.) a dance which is supposed by some of the genus.

to be borrowed from the Saracens. It much resembles the SAPHÆ'NA (Anat.) the crural vein, a vein which goes minuet, but is still more grave and measured. down the thigh and leg.

SA'RACA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 17 Diadelphia, SAPHERA (Chem.) a bluish mineral made from the caput Order 2 Herandria, mortuum of cobalt.

Generic Character. CAL. none. — COR. one-petalled.SAPIENTIÆ Dentes ( Anat.) the four last grinders, so called Sram. filaments six, setaceous; anthers furnished with a

because they appear when the person is supposed to be at keel.-Pist. germ pedicelled; style awl-shaped; stigma years of discretion.

blunt.-- Per. SAPINDUS (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 8 Octandria, Species. The single species, the Saraca indica, is a tree. Order 3 Trigynia.

SARCASM (Rhet.) ouprarpos, a biting or nipping jest. Rue Generic Character. CAL. perianth four-leaved. - Cor. finian de Fig. 86; Hesychius.

petals four; nectary inserted into the base of the petals ; SARCEL (Falcon.) the pinion of a hawk's wing.

SA'RCENET (Com.) a thin silk.

Generic Character. Cal perianth one. leaved. – Cor. SARCION (Min.) a carbuncle.

petals five. — Stam. filaments fivè; anthers roundish. SARCLING-TIME (Husband.) the time when husbandmen Pisr. germ ovate; styles three; stigmas simple.- Per.capweed corn.

sule oblong; seeds numerous. SARCOCELE (Med.) from cars, flesh, and xúar, a'rupture ; Species.' The single species, the Sarothra gentianoides, seu

a rupture which consists of a fleshy swelling of the testicles. Centaureum, is an annual. SARCOCOʻLLA (Bot.) the Pencea sarcocolla of Linnæus ; SA'RPLAR of Wool (Com.) half a pack, containing forty also a gum which exudes from that tree.

tods. SARCO-CIRCOCELE (Med.) a combination of sarcoma SARPLIER (Mech.) a piece of canvas to wrap wares in. with circocele. (vide Circocele)

SARRACENA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 13 PolySARCO-EPIPLOČELE (Med.) from pepř, Alesh, iritdoor, andria, Order 1 Polygynia.

omentum, and xýan, a rupture; a compound rupture, cou Generic Character. Cal. perianth double.-Cor. petals sisting of a descent of the epiploon during the existence of five.-STAM. filaments numerous, small; anthers simple. a sarcocele.

-Pist. germ roundish; style cylindrical; stigma clySARCO-HY'DROCELE (Med.) a combination of sarcoma peate.- Per. capsule five-celled ; seeds numerous. with hydrocele.

Species. The species are perennials, that grow in the bogs SARCOLO'GIA (Med.) from rat, Aesh, and tóyos, dis and marshes of North America, as the-Suracena flava,

course ; Sarcology, including myology, splanchnology, Coilophyllum, seu Bucanephyllum, Yellow Side-Saddle

angiology, neurology, and descriptions of the integuments. Flower.—Saracena minor, Small Side-saddle Flower.SARCOMA (Med.) reprwpis, a fleshy excrescence.

Saracena purpurea, seu Limorium, Purple Side-saddle SARCO'MPHALON (Med.) crepxón pudar, a Aleshy excres Flower. Clus. Hist.; Bauh. Hist.; Ger. Herb.; Pärk. cence of the navel.

Theat. Bot.; Raii Hist. &c. SARCOʻMPHALUS (Bot.) the Rhamnus sarcomphalus of SARRASINE (Fort.) a kind of port-cullis, otherwise called Linnæus.

a hearse, hung over the gate of a town with a cord, to let SARCOʻPHAGUS (Ant.) repzopáryos, from 'sepă, flesh, and fall on any sudden emergency.

Qeyw, to eat; a sort of stone coffins, so called because they SARSAPARILLA (Bot.) the Smilax sarsaparilla of Lin

quickly consumed the dead bodies which were placed in them. næus, a plant much used in medicine for its soporific virSARCO'SIS (Surg.) rupxio os, a breeding of flesh.

tues. SARCOTICA (Surg.) medicines which help to fill up SART (Archæol.) a piece of wood-land turned into arable. wounds with flesh.

SARTORIUS (Anai.) a muscle of the leg, by which one SARCULATU'RA (Archæol.) a weeding of corn.

leg is thrown over another. SA'RDA (Ich.) Sardel, or Sardine, the pilchard, a fish so TO ŠARVE a rope (Mar.) to lay on linen, yarn, canvas, &c. called because it is found about Sardinia.

SASA'NGRIA (Bot.) the Canellia sasangria of Linnæus. SA'RDEL (Ich.) vide Sarda.

SASH window (Archit.) a window made of large squares in SARDIA'SIS (Med.) or risus sardonicus, the Sardonic Grin. wooden work. SA'RDIUS lapis (Min.) vide Sardony.r.

SASH (Mil.) a sort of silk girdle worn by officers by way of SA'RDOIN (Min.) vide Sardonyx.

distinction. SARDO'NIA (Bot.) a kind of smallage.

SASSAFRAS (Bot.) the Laurus sassafras of Linnæus. SARDO'NIC Laugh (Med.) or Sardonic Grin, sardiasis, an SA'SHES (Mar.) vide Port-sashes.

immoderate laughter, or an involuntary show of laughter, SASHOONS (Mech.) leather put about the small of the leg occasioned by a convulsive distortion of the muscles of the under a boot. mouth. It is supposed to derive its name from Sardinia, || SASSE (Mech.) a sluice or lock, especially in a river that is where the venomous herb grew, the eating of which occa cut, with flood-gates to shut up water, for the better passioned such convulsions.

sage of boats and barges. SA'RDONYX (Min.) raffinuxos, a precious stone, partly the SATELLITE instrument (Mech.) a mathematical instru

colour of a man's nail, and partly of a carnelian colour. ment for finding the longitude by Jupiter's satellites. Plin. l. 37, c. 6; Solin. c. 33; Isid. Orig. l. 16, c. 8; SATELLITES (Astron.) otherwise called secondary planets, Marbod. de Lapid. pret. c. 56.

which revolve round a primary planet. The satellites of SARDONYX (Her.) the murry colour in the coat of noblemen. Jupiter are four in number, the sidereal revolutions of SARGA'SSO (Bot.) a species of the Fucus.

which are given under the head of astronomy. The satelSA'RIBUS (Bot.) the Corypha umbracilifera of Linnæus. Jites of Saturn are seven. [vide Astronomy] SARI'SSA (Ant.) oepsroce, a weapon of offence, used first SA'TIN (Com.) a soft, close, and shining silk.

by the Macedonians, and afterwards by the Greeks. It | SATINET (Com.) a slight thin satin. resembled the modern pike, but was rather longer. Poll. | SA'TIRE (Poet.) vide Satyre. 1. 1, c. 10; Liv. I. 37, c. 42; Curt. 1. 9, c. 7; Fest. de SATISFACTION (Law) the giving of recompence for an

Verb. Signif.; Ælian de Tact. c. 14; Veget. I. 3, c. 24. injury done, or the payment of money due on bond, &c. SARI'SSUS (Bot.) the same as the Hydrophylax.

SA'TRAPA (Ant.) ratpeérns, a Persian nobleman. SARKE'LLUS (Archæol.) an unlawful engine for destroying SATU'RA (Ànt.) with the substantive lanz understood, sigfish.

nifies a sort of dish, which the Romans filled with all kinds SARMENTACEÆ (Bot.) the name of the forty-ninth order of fruits, and offered on their festivals to the gods. [vide

in Linnæus’ Fragments, and of the eleventh in his Natural Lanr] Orders.

SATURA, or satyra, was also the name given by Ennius and SARMENTO'SUS (Bot.) sarmentose,

Pacuvius to a sort of poetry, which consisted of miscellaan epithet for a stem; caulis sar

neous matter. Diomed. 1. 3; Scalig. Poet. I. 1, c. 12. mentosus, a sarmentose stem, having

SATURA'NTIA (Med.) medicines which qualify sharp huonly leaves in bunches, at the joints

mours, or neutralize the acid of the stomach. or knots, where it strikes root, as in

SATURATION (Chem.) expresses that point at which any the annexed figure.

body ceases to have the power of dissolving another; thus SAROTHRA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 5 Pentandria, when nitric acid has dissolved lime to its fullest extent, it Order 3 Trigynia.

is said to be saturated with lime.

3 L


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