LIBERTINES (Ecc.) a sect of heretics which sprung up in in the former libration, yet another is illuminated by the sun.

Holland, who maintained that whatever was done by men -Libration of the earth, that motion whereby the earth is was done by God; and that to live without any doubt or so retained in its orbit that its axis continues constantly scruple was to return to a state of innocence,

parallel to the axis of the world. LIBERTINUS (Ant.) the son of one who was once a bonds- | LIBRI'LIA (Ant.) slings which were used in war for the

man, but afterwards set free, in distinction from the Li hurling of stones; so called because librabantur, they were bertus, who was the freedman himself.

swung or poised. Cæs. de Bell. Gall. 1. 7, c. 81; Fest. de LIBERTY (Law) a privilege by which men enjoy some fa Verb. Significat. vour or benefit beyond the ordinary subject.

LIBU'RNÆ" (Ant.) or liburnicæ naves, light ships with two LIBERTY to hold pleas, is to have a court of one's own, and banks of oars, so called from the Liburni, a piratical people to hold it before a mayor, bailiff, &c.

of Dalmatia, who invented them for the purpose of swift LIBERTY (Man.) a void space left in the middle of a bitt, to sailing

give place to the tongue of a horse. The bit was deno Hor. Epod. 1, v. 1. minated variously, according to the form of this liberty,

Ibis Liburnis inter alta navium as, Scatch-mouth, Cannon-mouth, &c. [vide Bitt]

Amice, propugnacula. LIBI'DO (Med.) any violent inclination, as to forward the

Sil. Ital. 1. 13, v. 240. excretions, &c.

Quanta est vis agili per cærula summa Liburna, LIBITINA'RII (Ant.) officers among the Romans who un

Quæ, pariter quoties revocata ad pectora tonse dertook the charge of the funerals. They were so called

Percussere fretum, ventis fugit ocyor, et se, from Libitina, the goddess of funerals. Senec. de Benefic.

Quam longa est, uno remorum præteriit ictu, 1. 6, c. 38; Ulpian quicunque ff. de Instit. Act.; Gyrald. de

Lucan. 1. 3, v. 531.
Var. Sepult. c. l; Meurs. de Fun. c. 16.
LI'BITUM (Mus.) or ad libitum, i.e. at your pleasure; a term

Ordine contentæ gemino crevisse Liburnæ. sometimes used in music-books to direct the performer. Appian. Illyr. p. 758; de Bell. Civ. I. 2, p. 452; Lucian. LI'BRA (Ant.) 1. A Roman coin, consisting of 12 ounces of Dialog. in "Epatis; Veget. I. 4, c. 37; Suidas.; Scheffer. de

silver, worth 31. sterling. 2. A measure of 12 ounces, or Mil. Nav. 1. 2, c. 3; Voss. de Trirem. &c. apud Græv. Thes. a Roman pound.

Antiq. Rom. tom. 12, p. 726. LIBRA pensa (Archæol.) a pound of money by the weight, in LIBURNUS (Ant.) a carriage made after the fashion of a distinction from a pound ad numerum, by tale.

Libyrnian ship, commodious, and fit to be borne on the LIBRA (Com.) a money of account in Alicant, and other shoulders of men. Juv. Sat. 3, v. 240. parts of Spain, equal to about 38. 3 d. sterling.

LICENCE (Law) a power or authority given to a man to LIBRA ('Astron.) one of the twelve signs of the zodiac, di do some lawful act, as a licence to carry on any particular

rectly opposite to Aries, from which it is five signs distant. trade, to found a church, &c.—Licence to arise, is a liberty It is marked thus *, after the manner of a pair of scales, or space given by the court to a tenant in a real action who to denote, probably, that when the sun arrives at this part is essoined, or excused his absence on account of sickness, of the Ecliptic the days and nights are equal, as if weighed to arise, or appear abroad. Bract. 1. 5; Flet. l. 6, c. 10. in a balance; whence the period when the sun enters Libra, | Licence (Poet.) or poetical licence, that liberty which poets which is about the 22d of September, is called the au take of dispensing with the ordinary rules of grammar, tumnal Equinox. Ptolemy reckons 17 stars in this constel which was more frequently exercised among the Greeks lation; Tycho 10; Hevelius 20; and Flamstead 21. Ptolem.

than at present. Almag. 1. 7, c. 5; Ricciol. A'rnag. nov. 1. 6, c. 3.

LICENCE (Paint.) the liberty which the artist takes in disLIBRA’RIUM (Ant.) a chest or place to keep books in a pensing with the ordinary rules of perspective. library. Cic. pro Mil. c. 12.

LICENTIA concordandi (Law) the licence for which the LIBRA'RIUS (Ant.) a transcriber, registrar, or scrivener. King's silver is paid for passing a fine.-Licentia surgendi,

Cic. ad Fam. I. 16, ep. 21. This office is also mentioned in licence to arise. [vide Licence)-Licentia transfretandi, a an inscription, JUCUNDUS DOMITIAE BIBULI LI warrant directed to the keepers of the ports, willing them BRAR. AD MANUM. Pignor. de Serv. p. 228 ; Ursat. to let pass quietly beyond the sea such as have obtained de Not. Rom. apud Græv. Thesaur. Antiq. Rom. tom. 11, the King's licence so to do. Reg. Orig. 193. p. 828; Reines. Inscript. Class 8, 44.

LICE'NTIATE (Law) one who has full licence to practise LIBRATA terræ (Archæol.) four oxgangs of land, every ox any art or faculty; a term particularly applied to medicine.

gang containing thirteen acres ; so much as was worth 20s. LICHANOS (Anat.) aszards, the fore finger. Ruff. Ephes. a year.

de Appell. Part. Corp. hum. 1. 1, c. 10. LIBRA’TION (Mech.) a term which signifies generally a LICHAS (Ant.) asxas, a measure of length equal to the

balancing, but particularly the swinging motion of a pen breadth of fourteen fingers. dulum.

LI'CHEN (Med.) aszin, a sort of leprosy, a tetter, or ringLIBRATION of the moon (Astron.) an apparent irregularity in

Dioscor. l. 4, c. 16; Mart. 1. ll, epig. 99; Plin. her motion, by which she seems to librate or waver about 1. 20, c. 1. her own axis. This libration is threefold. 1. Her libration Lichen (Bot.) aszyn, Liver-Wort; a plant so called because in longitude, which is a motion arising from the plane of it was reckoned most efficacious in curing the lichen or that meridian of the moon, which is always nearly turned ringworm. Dioscor. I. 4, c. 53 ; Plin. l. 26, c. 4. towards us, being directed not to the earth, but towards | Lichen, in the Linnean system, a genus of plants, Class 24 the other focus of the moon's elliptical orbit, so that to a Cryptogamia, Order 5 Alga, Natural Order of Algæ. spectator on the earth she seems to librate to and fro in LICHENA'STRUM (Bot.) a species of Jungermannia. longitude, or according to the order of the signs of the || LICHENOIDES (Bot.) a species of Lichen. zodiac. 2. Her libration in latitude, which arises from her || LI'CH-FOWL (Archæol.). from the Saxon lice, a dead axis not being perpendicular to the plane of her orbit, but in body; a bird of ill omen, as night ravens, screech owls, clined to it: sometimes one of her poles, and sometimes the &c. other, will nod or dip a little towards the earth. 3. The LI'CH-GATE (Archeol.) from the Saxon lice, a dead body, third kind of libration is that by which it happens, that a gate belonging to church yards through which the bodies though one part of her is not really obverted to the earth, as of the dead were carried,





LICH-WAKE (Archæol.) a custom of watching the dead from the owner of the property.-Lieu conus, a castle, every night till they are buried.

manor, or other place well known, and generally taken LICNON (Ant.) aixray, the mystical van of Bacchus, which notice of by those who dwell about it.

was carried about at the Bacchanalian festival, whence LIEUTENANCY (Mil.) a select company of officers of the those who carried it were called asxvapepor. Poll. Onom. trainbands of the city and artillery company. 1. 6: segm. 86; Harpocration ; Hesychius.

LIEUTENANT (Law) in French Lieutenant, from the LI'CTORS (Ant.) officers among the Romans who always Latin locum tenens, i.e. one holding or taking the place of

attended the chief magistrates when they appeared in pub another; the King's deputy, or he that exercises the lie. They were appointed by Romulus, in imitation of the King's authority and represents his person, as the LieuEtruscans, and bore as the ensigns of their office the Fasces tenant of Ireland. So likewise the-Lieutenant of the and Securis. Their office consisted of three particulars ; Tower, who is under the Constable; Lord Lieutenant of a namely, 1. Submotio, clearing the way for the magistrates.

county, &c. 2. Animadversio, or public notice of any offence commit- || LIEUTENANT (Mil.) the next in command in every rank or ted by the people against the dignity of the magistrate, as degree, as the-Lieutenant-General, the commander next by omitting to alight from the horse or chariot, to rise to the general.—Lieutenant-Colonel, the next in post to uncover, and the like. 3. Præitio, or walking before the the colonel, who commands.—Lieutenant of Horse or Foot magistrates, which they did singly in a straight line. A is next to the captain, and commands in his absence.dictator was preceded by twenty-four lictors, a consul by Lieutenant of the Ordnance, an officer whose duty it is to twelve, a master of the horse and a prætor by six, and receive orders from the master, and to see them duly exeeach vestal virgin when she appeared abroad by one. The cuted. name of Lictor is derived à ligando, i. e. from binding, be- | LIEUTENANT (Mar.) the officer next in rank to the captain, cause in the execution of their office they bound the of which there are several in a large vessel, who take prehands and feet of those who were condemned to die or cedence according to the date of their commission, and be scourged. Liv. I. 1, c. 8. 1. 8, c. 33; Plin. Paneg. are named first, second, third lieutenants, &c. c. 61; Suet. in Jul. c. 78; Varr. apud Aul. Gell

. I. 13, LIFE-ANNU'ITIES (Com.) such periodical payments as c. 12; Appian. de Bell. Civ. 1. 1; Plut. in Fab.; Dio. depend on the life of another. 1. 54, &c.

LIFĖ-BOAT (Mar.) a boat of modern invention, so conLICU A'LIA (Bol.) a genus of plants of the Natural Order structed as to withstand the fury of a tempestuous sea off of Palms.

the coast. It is so called because its use is to preserve the Generic Character. CAL. perianth three-parted. - Cor, lives of those who are shipwrecked near land.

three-parted.-Stam. filaments six ; anthers twin.-Pist. LIFE-ESTATES (Law) are freehold estates not of inheritgern superior; style simple; stigmas two.-Per. drupe ance. globose; seed a hard nut.

LI'FE-GUARDS (Mil.) the body-guard of a king or prince. Species. The species is a tree, as the Licuala spinosa, seu LI'FE-RENT (Law) a rent which a man receives for the Corypha, native of Macassar.

term of his life, or for the sustentation of life. TO LIE (Mil.) is used in some military phrases, as “ To lie,” | LIFT (Mech.) a sort of stile which may be opened like a

for to be in quarters, which is said of particular regiments gate. that are in particular places. “ To lie in ambush,” to be | LIFTING a ship (Mar.) the setting her up in dock for reposted in such manner as to be able to surprize the enemy. pair, or resting her keel on wooden blocks. i. To lie in wait,” to take a position unobserved by the LIFTING-PIECES (Mech.) parts of a clock which lift up enemy, that is favourable for a sudden attack.

“ To lie

and unlock the stops called detents. on their arms,” to reinain in a state of preparation for im- || LIFTS (Mar.) ropes belonging to the yard-arms of all the mediate action. “ To lie under cover," to be under the yards, the use of which is to make the yard-arms hang protection of a battery, &c.

higher or lower. TO LIE along (Mar.) or lie over, vide Along. - To lie to, or lie LI'GAMENTS ( Anat.) ligamenta, elastic and strong mem

by, in French être en panne, to stop a ship in her course. branes, connecting the extremities of the moveable bones. LIE (Her.) French for stringed.

As to their substance they are between a cartilage and a LIE'GANCY (Law) such a duty or fealty as a man could membrane, being harder than a membrane, and softer than a not bear or owe to more than one lord.

cartilage. They are divided generally into capsular ligaLIEGE (Law) from the Latin ligo, to bind, is sometimes ments, which surround joints like a bag, and connecting liga

used for a Liege Lord, and sometimes for a Liege Man, &c. ments. The use of the capsular ligaments is to connect the -Liege Lord is he that acknowledges no superior ; who is extremities of the moveable bones, and prevent the efflux of the chief lord of the fee.-Liege Man, he who owes alle synovia. The external and internal connecting ligaments giance and homage to the Liege Lord.—Liege Homage, the strengthen the union of the extremities of the moveable duty and obedience which is paid by the liege man to his bones. Some of the ligaments are distinguished by partiLord.—Liege People are the King's subjects, because they cular names, as-Ligamentum annulare, a strong ligament owe and are bound to pay allegiance to him. Stat. 3 H.6, on each ankle and each wrist.—Ligamentum arteriosum, c. 10; 14 H. 3, c. 2.

the ductus arteriosus of the fætus, which becomes a ligaLI'EN (Law) signifies two things, namely,- Personal Lien, ment after the birth.- Ligamentum ciliare, the ligament of such as bonds or contracts; or- Real Lien, such

the eye-lid.-- Ligamentum coli dextrum, and ligamentum judgment, statute, recognizance, &c. which oblige and coli sinistrum, a name for two small transverse folds of the affect the land.

mesentery and the mesocolon.---Ligamentum denticulatum, Lien (Annt.) the Spleen.

a small ligament supporting the spinal marrow.-LigamenLIE'NTERÝ (Med.) host spice, a kind of diarrhea, wherein tum interosseum, the ligament uniting the radius and ulna of

the food passes immediately through the intestines with the arm.--Ligamentum latum, the broad ligament of the little or no alteration.

liver, and that of the uterus.- Ligamentum colli vel nuchæ, a LIE'RWITE (Law) a liberty wliereby a lord challenged the strong ligament of the neck.--Ligamentum ovarii, the

penalty of one who lay unlawfully with his bondwoman. thick round portion of the broad ligament of the uterus by LIEU (Law) French for an attachment on any, property which the ovarium is connected with the uterus.--Liga

which a person has in his possession, for debt due to him mentum Pouparti, a ligament extending from the anterior

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and superior spinous process of the Nium to the crista of LIGNAGIUM (Archæol.) the right of cutting wood for the Os Galli.---Liganentum rotundum, the round ligament fuel ; also a tribute due for the same. of the uterus.

LIGNATION (Archæol.) a hewing or purveying of wood. LIGAMENTUM (Anat.) vide Ligaments.

LIGNO Brasiliano simile (Bot.) the Cæsalpinia sappan of LIGATION (Gram.) a grammatical figure, the same as the Linnæus. Zeugma in Greek.

LI'GNUM (Bot.) the wood or woody part of a tree, which LI'GATURE (Surg.) the binding of any part of the body is the inner bark of the preceding year, deprived of its with a ribband, fillet, &c.

juice, and hardened into a compact mass. LIGATURES (Math.) compendious notes, or characters by Lignum is also the name of different sorts of wood, as

which are represented the sums, differences, or rectangles Lignum campechianum, the Hamatoxylum campechianum of of several quantities.

Linnæus. - Lignum colubrinum, the Strychnos colubrina.LIGATURES (Gram.) characters in the Greek, which are made Lignum corneum, the Garcinia cornea.Lignum læve, the

to express two or more letters together, and are more Glabraria tersa.-Lignum moluccense, a species of Croton.

commonly called abbreviations. [vide Abbreviation] -Lignum sappan, the Casalpinia sappan.--Lignum schoLIGATURES (Print.) two or more letters cast in one piece, lare, the Echiles scholaris.-Lignum vitæ, the Guaiacum as ffffi, &c.

sanctum of Linnæus. LIGÉANCE (Law) vide Liege.

LIGS (Vet.) vide Giggs.
LIGHT (Nat.) that principle by which objects are made LI'GTÀ (Bot.) a species of the Alstroemeria.

perceptible to our sense of seeing, or the sensation occa LIGULA (Archæol.) an exemplification or copy of a court
sioned in the mind by the view of luminous objects.-Ho roll.
mogeneal Light is that whose rays are equally refrangible, | LIGULA (Bot.) the Strap, an appendage to the leaf in some
called similar or uniform light.- Heterogeneal Light is that grasses.
whose rays are unequally refrangible. Secondary Light, a Ligula (Ent.) a genus of worms, Order Intestina, which
certain action of the luminous body on the medium between infest the intestines of fish.
that and the eye, by means whereof one is supposed to act LIGULATUS (Bot.) ligulate, or strap-shaped ; an epithet
on the other.

for a flower; fos ligulatus, or corolla ligulata, a species of Light (Archit.) vide Lights.

compound flower, in which the florets have their corollets Light (Paint.) that part of a piece which is illumined, or flat.

lies open to the luninary, by which the piece is supposed LIGU'STICUM (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 5 Pentanto be enlightened.

dria, Order 2 Digynia. Light of Time (Astrol.) the sun in the day, and the moon Generic Character. Cal. universal.-CoR. universal.

in the night. Light, as an epithet, is also applied to a Stam. filaments five; anthers simple.-Pist. germ infeplanet which moves nimbly in comparison with one that rior; styles two; stigmas simple.- Per. none; seeds two, moves more slowly.

oblong. LIGHT (Man.) an epithet for a horse that is swift in his Species. The species are perennials and biennials. The fol

paces, or that is well made.-Light bellied, an epithet for lowing are perennials, namely, the-Ligusticum levisticum, a horse that has flat, narrow, and contracted sides.--Light Angelica, seu Levisticum, Common Lovage.- Ligusticum upon the hand, is said of a horse that has a good mouth, cornubiense, scu Sacifraga, Cornish Lovage. The foland does not rest too heavily on the bit.

lowing are biennials: namely, the-Ligusticum peregriLight (Mil.) an epithet for soldiers that are lightly armed. num, Parsley-leaved Lovage.-- Ligusticum balearicum.

- Light Horse, mounted soldiers that are lightly armed LIGUSTICUM is also a species of Egopodium. and accoutred for active service.Light Infantry, a body | LIGUSTROIDES (Bot.) the Volkameria aculeata of Linof active men selected from a battalion for particular service.-Light Troops, a term which includes both infantry LIGU'STRUM (Bot.) a shrub, which is commonly supposed and cavalry

to answer to the suspor of the Greeks. It is celebrated by LIGHTER (Mar.) a large vessel to carry goods in by the poets for its whiteness. water.

Virg. Ed. 2, v. 18. LIGHTERAGE (Com.) money paid for carrying goods in a lighter to and from a ship.

Alba ligustra cadunt, vacciniu nigra leguntur.
LIGHTERMAN (Mar.) the man who conducts a lighter.

Mart, ad Procellum.
LIGHTFOO'TIA (Bot.) a genus of plants, so called from
John Lightfoot, Class 23 Polygamia, Order 2 Dioecia.

Quædam me cupit, invide Procelle,

Tota candidior puella cygno Generic Character. CAL. perianth four-leaved. - Cor.

Argento, nire, libo, ligustro. none. -Stam. filaments numerous; anthers roundish.Pist. germ roundish; style none; stigmas sessile.—Per. Plin. I. 25, c. 10. berry ovate; seeds oblong.

LIGUSTRUM Privet, in the Linnean system, Class 2 Diandria, Species. The species are shrubs, as the-Lightfootia ser

Order 1 Monogynia. rata, theæformis et integrifolia.

Generic Character. Cal. perianth one-leaved.-Cor. peLIGHTHOUSE (Mar.) a tower or lofty building erected tal one.-Stam. filamenis two; anthers upright.—Pist.

on a headland, and provided with a light which may be germ roundish; style short; stigma obtuse.- Per. berry seen at a great distance out at sea.

globose ; seeds four. LIGHTNING (Nat.) an electrical explosion, accompanied Species. The species are shrubs, as the--Ligustrum vulwith a bright flame.

gare, seu Phillyrea, Common Privet.-Ligustrum japoniLIGHTNING, Artificial (Mech.) an imitation of lightning by cum, Broad-leaved Privet. Dod. Pempt.; Bauh. Pin.; gunpowder, aurum fulminans, phosphorus, &c.

Ger. Herb.; Park. Theat. Bot. ; Raii Hist.; Tourn. LIGHTROOM (Mar.) a small apartment in a vessel, hav Inst. ing double glass windows near the magazine.

LIKE (Geom.) vide Similar. LIG¥IT Infantry (Mil.) vide Light.

LIKE (Algeb.) an epithet for quantities and signs.-Like LIGHTS (Archit.) the apertures in a house, as doors, win Quantities, are such as are expressed by the same powers dows, &c. which serve as passages for the light.

of the same letters, as 4a, 5 a, 3 a’, and 12 a, &c.-Like


Signs are the same signs, either positive or negative, as LIMATUM Martis (Chem.) the filings of steel. + 2a + 3b + 4c, &c.; or — 2 az C - 3 a r?, &c.

LI'MATURE (Met.) the powder or dust which comes from LILAC (Bot.) a beautiful sweet flowering shrub, the Syringa filing of Linnæus,

LI'MĂX (Ent.) the Slug or Snail, a genus of worms, Order LI'LIA (Bot.) the third nation or tribe of vegetables into Mollusca, having an oblong body and four feelers, with an which Linnæus had divided the vegetable kingdom.

eye at the tip of each. LILIACEÆ (Bot.) Liliaceous, or Lily-like plants; the name LIMB (Astron.) the utmost edge or border of the body, or of one of Tournefort's classes.

disk of the sun or moon, when either is in an eclipse. LILIACEOUS (Bot.) an epithet for plants that are like LIMB (Math.) the utmost edge or border of a mathematical lilies.

instrument, as of an astrolabe, &c.; also the circumference LILIA'GO (Bot.) a kind of plant, the Anthericum liliago of

of the original circle in any projection of a sphere on a Linnæus.

plane. LILIA'STRUM (Bot.) a kind of plant, the Anthericum | LIMB (Bot.) vide Limbus. liliastrum of Linnæus.

LI'MBECK (Chem.) or alembic, a distilling vessel. LI'LIO asphodelus (Bot.) the Crinum americanum of Linnæus. || LIMBER Holes (Mar.) or Limbers, square holes cut through

-Lilio hyncinthus, the Scilla lilio hyacinthus.Lilio nar the lower part of the floor timbers, as a channel for the cissus, the Amaryllis lutea.

waters.---Limber Boards, pieces of plank which form a LI'LITH (Myth.) an imaginary dæmon among the Jews. part of the lining of the ship's floor immediately above the LI'LIUM (Bot.) Lily, in the Greek asipier and xpivov, is rec limbers, which are occasionally removed to clear the lim

koned by Pliny the noblest flower next to the rose; and bers of any filth.–Limber-Kenilidge, pigs of iron or lead, according to Dioscorides was a royal flower, and used in cast so as to fit in the limbers.Limber-Rope, a rope which garlands. It is celebrated by the poets for its short lived is kept to draw through the limbers in order to clear them. beauty.

LI’MBERS (Gunn.) a kind of two wheeled carriage, to Theocrit. Idyl. 23.

which the carriage of a cannon is joined on the march.

LIMBUS (Bot.) the limb, border, or upper dilated part of Λευκόν το κρίνον εσί, μαραίνεται ανίκα πίστη.

a monopetalous corolla. Horat. Carm. I. 1, od. 36.

LIMBUS patrum (Theol.) Limbo, a place where, according

to the Roman Catholics, the deceased patriarchs resided Neu desint epulis rosa

till the coming of our Saviour ; also a place for such as die Neu vivar apium, neu breve lilium.

without baptism. Virg. Eclog. 10, v. 25.

LIME (Bot.) a kind of tree bearing sweet flowers, the Citrus Florentes ferulas, et grundiu lilia quassans.

acris of Linnæus.

Lime (Min.) Calx, a sort of earth which exists in almost Nicander apud Athenæum, 1. 15.

every substance, but is found purest in limestone, mar“A κρίνα, λείριο δ' άλλοι επιφθέγγονται αοιδών

bles, and chalk. It is procured by a well known process Οι δε αμβροσίην, πολίες δι γε χαρμΑφροδίτης. with heat, called the burning of lime. [vide Calx]

Lime (Chem.) is in solid white masses, easily reducible to Propert. I. 3.

powder, of a hot burning taste, that tinges vegetables, first Lilia non dominú sunt magis alba meå.

blue, and afterwards yellow. Its specific gravity is 2.3. Varro derives the name Lilium from the Greek seipior, By combining with chlorine gas it forms the Chloride of Theophrast. Hist. Plant. 1. 6, c. 6; Varro. de Ling. Lat. Lime ; and by its combination with acids, it forms dif1. 4; Dioscor. I. 3, c. 126; Plin. l. 21, c. 5; Isidor. Orig. ferent salts, as the Sulphate of Lime, which is better 1. 17, c. 19; Hesychius, &c.

known by the name of gypsum, or plaster of Paris ; and Lilium, in the Linnean System, a genus of plants, Class 6 the Fluate of Lime, which is otherwise called Derbyshire Hexandria, Order 1 Monogynia.

Spar. Generic Character. Cal. none.-Cor. petals six.-STAM. | LI’MENARCH (Ant.) Aspevápxas, from Aspeno, a port or harfilaments six; anthers oblong.–Pist. germ oblong; style bour; and depxi, government ; a warden of a sea-port. cylindric; stigma thickish.--Per. capsule oblong ; seeds || LI'MER (Sport.) the name of a large dog used in hunting numerous.

wild boars. Species. The species are bulbs, as the---Lilium candidum, LIMES (Bot.) a fruit like a small lemon, the juice of which seu Sultan, Common White Lily.-Lilium bulbiferum,

is a very strong acid. Bulb-bearing, or Orange Lily:-Lilium pomponium, seu LIMESTONE (Min.) the Marmor vulgatum, or Common Martagon, Pompian Lily.-Lilium chalcedonicum, seu Marble, from which lime is prepared. Hemerocallis, Scarlet Martagon Lily:-Lilium superbum, LIMEUM (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 7 Heptandria, Great Yellow Martagon Lily. Clus. Hist.; Dod. Pempt.: Order 2 Digynia. Bauh. Hist.; Bauh. Pin. ; Ger. Herb.; Park. Thent. Generic Character. CAL. perianth five-leaved.--Cor. peBot.; Raii Hist.; Tourn. Inst.

tals five.—Stam. filaments seven; anthers ovate.—Pist. Lilium is also the name of several species, as the-- Amaryllis germ globose; styles two; stigmas obtuse.-Per, none; equestris of Linnæus.--Lilium convallium, the Convallaria.

seeds two. -Lilium persicum, the Fritillaria persica.-Lilium super Species. The species are the-Limeum africanun, African bum, the Gloriosa superba.

Limeum.-Limeum incanum, Hoary Limeum, &c. LI'LY (Bot.) the Lilium, and also a species of Agapanthus LIMIT (Math.) a determinate quantity to which a variable

of Linnæus.—Day-Lily, a species of the Hemerocallis. one continually approaches, and may come nearer to it Guernsey-Lily, the Amaryllis farniensis of Linnæus. than by any given difference, but cannot go beyond it.May-Liiy, a species of the Convallaria.- Lily of the Limits of the Roots of Equation, that part of the science of Valley a species of the Convallaria.-Persian Lily, the

Algebra, by means of which the solution of Equations is Fritillaria persica.-Water-Lily, a species of Nymphæa. much facilitated, particularly in cases where one can proThorn-Lily, the Catesbæa spinosa.

ceed by equations only. LIMA (Boi.) a plant, the Cynosurus lima of Linnæus. Limit of a Planet (Astron.) its greatest heliocentric latitude. LI'MAIL (Metal.) filings of any metal.

LIMITATION of Actions (Law) a certain time assigned by


statute within which an action must be brought, called in || LINCOʻNIA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 5 Pentandria,
Scotland Prescription.-Limitation of estate, the modifica Order 2 Digynia.
tion or settlement of an estate, determining how long it Generic Character. Cal. perianth inferior.-Cor. pelals
shall continue. It is called by Littleton a condition in law; five; anthers obtuse.—Pist. germ inferior ; styles two;
and is generally made by such words as durante vila, stigmas simple.
quamdiu, dum, &c.-Limitation is also taken for the com Species. The single species is a shrub, as the-Linconia

pass and time of an estate. Lit. ♡ 380; Co. Lit. 3. 13. alopecuroidia, seu Coridis, native of the Cape of Good
LIMITED problem (Geom.) a problem which has but one

Hope. solution, or which can be solved but one way.

LI'NCTUS (Med.) a soft kind of medicine which is taken
LI'MITOUS (Ecc.) a friar who had a licence to beg, &c. by sucking or licking it in gradually.
LI'MMER (Ụet.) 'a mongrel dog engendered between a LI'NDEN-TREE (But.) the lime-tree ; a tree bearing sweet
hound and a mastiff.

LIMNANTHEMIUM (Bst.) the Menyanthes nymphoides of LINDE'RA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 6 Hexandria,

Order 1 Monogynia. LI'MNER (Paint.) one who paints in water colours and Generic Character. Cal. none.-Cor. petals six.- STAM. takes profiles.

filaments six ; anthers minute.-Pist. germ ovate; style LI'MNIA (Bot.) the Claytonia sibirica of Linnæus.

upright; stigmas two. - Per. capsules two; seeds LI'MNOPEUCE (Bot.) the Hippuris vulgaris of Linnæus. LIMO (Bot.) a species of the Citrus.

Species. The single species is a tree, as the Lindera umbella, LIMOCÌ'NCTI (Ant.) Roman prięsts who officiated at the seu Kuro nosji, a native of Japan.

public sacrifices, and were dressed in a long garment called LINDE'RNIA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 14 Didythe Limus, which went down to the feet. Hygin. de Limit. namia, Order 2 Angiospermia.

Constit.; Aul. Gell. I. 12, c. 2; Fest, de Verb. Signif. Generic Character. Cal. perianth five-parted.-Cor. pelal LIMODORUM (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 20 Gynan one.-Stam. filaments four ; anthers twin.-Pist. germ dria, Order 2 Diandria.

ovate; style filiform; stigma emarginated.-Per. capsule Generic Characler. Cal. spathes vague.-Cor. petals five. ovate; seeds numerous.

-STAM. filaments oblong.–Pist. germ columnar; style Species. The species are annuals, as the-Lindernia pyri filiform; stigma funnel-form.-Per. capsule columnar ; daria, Capraria, Gratiola, seu Ruellia.-Lindernia dianseeds numerous, like saw dust.

thera, seu Erinus, &c. Species. The species are perennials, as the-Limodorum || LINE (Geom.) a quantity extended in length only. It is

altum, Satyricum, seu Helleborine, Tall Limodorum. sometimes considered as generated by the Aux, or motion Limodorum striatum, seu Epidendrum.--Limodorum fal of a point; and sometimes as the limit and termination of catum, seu Orchis.

a superficies, without, however, forming any part of the LIMODORUM is also the Orchis abortiva of Linnæus.

superficies itself. Lines are generally distinguished into LI'MON (Bot.) a tree, the Citrus limon of Linnæus.

right and curve lines.--Right lines, considered with regard LIMONIA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 10 Decandria, to their position, are perpendicular, oblique, or parallel. Order 1 Monogynia.

[vide Geometry]-Curve lines, or curves, are distinguished Generic Character. Cal. perianth one-leaved.-Cor. pe into geometrical and mechanical. [vide Curve]-Line of

tals three.-Stam. filaments six to ten; anthers linear. measures, that line in which falls the diameter of any cirPist. germ oblong; style cylindric; stigma flat.-Per. cle that is to be projected. -- Line of numbers, a line berry ovate ; seeds ovate.

usually placed on carpenters' and other rules, which, runSpecies. The species are trees, as the-Limonia mono ning parallel with them, shows the logarithms; it is also phylla, seu Limonia, Simple-leaved Limonia.—Limonia called Gunter's line, because he was the inventor of it.trifoliata, Three-leaved Limonia.-Limonia acidissima, Line, also a French measure of length, being the 12th seu Schinus.

part of an inch, or the 14-4th part of a foot. LIMONIA'STRUM (Bot.) a species of Statice.

Line of the Apsides (Astron.) or of the Apses, the line joining LIMONIUM (Bot.) the Sarracenia purpurea of Linnæus. the two apses, or the longer axis of a planet.— Fiducial LIMOSE'LLA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 14 Didy line, the index line, or edge of the ruler, which passes namia, Order 2 Angiospermia.

through the middle of an astrolabe, or other instrument, Generic Character. CAL. perianth one-leaved.-Cor. petal on which the sights are fitted, and the divisions marked. one. - Stam. filaments four; anthers simple.- Pist. Horizontal line,

a line parallel to the horizon.—Line of the germ oblong; style simple; stigmas globose.-Per. cap nodes, that which joins the nodes of the orbit of a planet, sule ovate; seeds oval.

being the common section of the plane of the orbit with Species. The species are annuals, as the-Limosella aqua the plane of the ecliptic. tica, Plantago spergula, seu álsine, Common Mudwort, || Line, horizontal (Dial.) the common section of the horizon or Bastard Plantain, &c.

and the dial plate.-Horary, or hour lines, the common LI'MPET (Ent.) a testaceous animal, the Patella of Lin intersections of the hour circles of the sphere with the

næus, the shell of which is subconic, and the animal a plane of the dial.- Equinoctial line, the common interslug. It is commonly found adhering to oysters.

section of the equinoctial and the plane of the dial.-SubLIMO'SUM Satum (Min.) the mudstone, so called because stilar line, that line on which the style of the dial is it is soon dissolved in dirt.

erected. LINAGRO'STIS (Bot.) several species of the Eriophorum Line of direction (Mech.) vide Direction. of Linnæus.

Line (Fort.) that which is drawn on the ground of the field LI'NAMENT (Surg.) a tent made of lint, or linen, which from one point to another. This may be either a trench is used for wounds.

with a parapet, or a row of gabions, &c. to cover the men LINA'RIA (Bot.) the Antirrhinum cirrhosum of Linnæus. from the fire, &c. Lines are most commonly made to shut LINA'RIÆ AFFINIS (Bot.) the Senecio linifolius of Linnæus. up an avenue, or entrance, to some place, and are distinLINARIUM (Archæol.) a flax-plat where flax is sown. guished into lines of approach, of defence, of communication, LI’NCH-PIN (Mech.) an iron pin which keeps on the wheel contravallation, &c. (vide Fortification] to the axle-tree of any sort of carriage.

Line, lateral (Ich.) the line which, from the head to the tail,

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