is in the middle of the sides of most fishes. [vide Ichthyo- || TO LINE (Mason.) to case a wall with stone, &c. logy]

Line of Incidence (Opt.) vide Incidence. LINE of distance (Per.) vide Distance.-Geometrical line, a Line of gravitation of a heavy body (Phy.) a line supposed

right line drawn in any manner on the geometrical plane. to be drawn through its centre of gravity, and by which it -Ground, or fundamental line, is the common inter tends downwards. section of the geometrical plane, and the plane of the LINEA alba (Anat.) a concourse of the tendons of the picture. -- Line of the front, any line parallel to the oblique muscles of the abdomen. ground line.- Horizontal line, the common section of the LI'NEAL Consanguinity (Law) that which subsists between horizontal plane, and that of the representation, or draught. persons, of whom one is descended in a direct line from - Vertical line, the section of the vertical and draft planes. the other.-Lineal descent, the descent of estates from - Visual line, the line, or ray, conceived to pass from the ancestor to heir, i. e. from one to another in a direct line. object to the eye.- Objective line, any line drawn on the -Linneal warranty is where the heir derives, or may by geometrical plane, whose representation is sought for in possibility derive, his title to land warranted, either from the draught, or picture.

or through the ancestor who makes the warranty. Line (Mil.) is used, in different senses, in application to the LI'NEAR Numbers (Math.) such as have relation to length

army; as, 1. The regular troops, in distinction from other only:-Linear Problem, such a one as can be solved geomeestablishments of a military nature. All numbered and trically by the intersection of two right lines. marching regiments are called the line, in distinction from LINEARIS (Bot.) linear, an epithet for a leaf; folium the militia, volunteers, fencibles, yeomanry, marines, &c. lineare, a leaf of the same breadth throughout, az in The Guards, however, form an exception to this rule, not Grasses, Rosemary, &c. It is applied, in the same sense, being reckoned of the line. 2. Line, or line of battle, the to the petiole, involucre, perianth, petals, spike, &c. disposition of an army. European armies are commonly LINEATUS (Bot.) lineate, an epithet for a leaf; folium drawn up in three lines, which were formerly distinguished lineatum, a leaf, the surface of which is slightly marked by the names of the van, or advance guards, the main longitudinally with depressed parellel lines. body, and the rear guard. The term is applied, in this LING (Ich.) a sort of cod-fish, the Gadus molva of Linnæus, sense, in many phrases; as “ The line is well-dressed," which inhabits the northern seas, and takes its name from when no part is out of the straight alignement. “ To form its great length. The ling deposits its spawn in June, and the line," to arrange the men in the order of battle. is in perfection from February to May. While it is in “ To break the line," to change the direction from that of season, its liver is white; but, as soon as it goes out of seaa straight line, in order to obtain a cross fire; also to de son, the liver becomes as red as that of a bullock. This stroy the enemy's order of battle, and to put them into con fish is salted in great quantities, both for exportation and fusion. “ The line turns out,” when the men are drawn out home consumption. in a line.Lines of support, the lines of attack which are | LI'NGEL (Mech.) a little tongue, or thong of leather. formed to support one another.- Lines of march, signify || LI'NGOT (Chem.) or linget, an iron mould of several shapes, either the tactical succession of the component parts of an in which melted metals are usually poured ; also a small army that is put in motion, or the bodies of armed men. mass of metal. Line of march'signifies also any distance of ground over which LI'NGOUM (Bot.) the Pterocarpus draco of Linnæus. armed bodies move in regular succession.-Line of opera- | L'INGUA (Anat.) the Tongue. [vide Tongue) tion, that line which corresponds with the line of commu LINGUA (Bot.) several species of the Ranunculus.- Lingua nication, and proceeds from the base point.— Retiring line, cervina, the Acrostichum latifolium of Linnæus.-Lingua a body of armed men that has advanced against an op passcrina, the Stellera passerina. posing enemy in order of battle, withdrawing itself with LÍNGUA'LIS (Anat.) the name of a muscle which is said to regularity from the immediate scene of action. Line pass from the root of the os Hyoides, to the top of the firings are executed separately and independently by each tongue. battalion.—Line of demarcation, a line which is drawn by LINGUA'TULA (Ent.) a sort of worms, Class Vermes, the consent of the parties to ascertain the limits of certain and Order Intestina, in the Linnean system, which have lands and territories belonging to different powers.

a depressed body, and a mouth placed before. Line (Mar.) is used in different senses and applications at | LINGUIFO'RMIŠ (Bot.) tongue-shaped ; an epithet for a

sea, denoting, 1. The arrangement, or order, in which a leaf; folium linguiforme, seu lingulatum, a leaf that is fleet of ships of war are disposed to engage an enemy; linear, fleshy, blunt at the end, convex underneath, and whence the phrase, “A ship of the line," signifying a having usually a cartilaginous border, as in Mesembryship that is large enough to be drawn up in the line, and anthemum, Aloe, &c. to have place in the engagement. 2. A general name for LI'NIMENT (Med.) an external medicine of a middle conthe small ropes used in a ship formed of two or more sistence, between an oil and an ointment. strands of fine thread; as the deep-sea line, a long line | LI'NING (Mech.) the act of marking the length, breadth, marked at every five fathoms with small strands of line, or depth of any piece of timber, according to instruction knotted; it is used with the deep-sea lead; while line, that and design, by a cord rubbed with red or white chalk. which has not been tarred, in distinction from the tarred | LINK (Mech.) a torch made of pitch. line, &c.

LINK (Mil.) the rein, or thong, with which the cavalry Line (Geog.) another name for the Equator, or Equinoctial link their horses together, that they may not disperse. Line.

LI'NKIA (Bot.) a species of the Tremella. Line (Fen.) that direction opposite to the adversary, wherein || LINNÆA (Bot.) a genus of plants, called after Linnæus,

the shoulder, right-arm, and sword, should always be found. Class 14 Didynamia, Order 2 Angiospermia. To Line (Fort.) to surround and strengthen a work with a Generic Character. Cal. perianth 'double. -Cor. onegood wall, or turf, &c.

petalled.--Stam. filaments four; anthers compressed.To Line (Mil.) to form in a line, or place along any line ; Pist. germ roundish, inferior; style filiform; stigma

thus, “ To line men,” to dress any given body of men, so globose.—Per. berry juiceless ; seeds two. that they shall all collectively form an even line.

Species. The single species, the Linnært borealis, seu line hedges, a coast,” &c. to plant troops along hedges, Valerianella, Campanula, seu Nummularia, &c. the coasts, &c.

Two-Flowered Linnæa, is a perennial.

“ To

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LINNÆAN System (Nat.) the mode of classification which || LIPODERMUS (Med.) Autodepuds, a disease in the prepuce, · Linnæus has framed for distinguishing plants, animals, and which prevents it from being drawn back; also a name for

minerals, from each other by their external characters. one who has lost the prepuce. LI'NNET (Orn.) a bird of the finch kind, the Fringilla LIPOMA (Med.) from izos, fat; a solitary soft indolent

linota, which is mostly of a brown colour 54 inches long, tumour which arises from excess of the adeps in the feeds principally on hemp seeds, sings well, and lays five cellular membrane. eggs, rather white with chesnut spots.

LI'PPIA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 14 Didynamia, LINOCA'RPUM (Bot.) another name for the Linum.

Order 1 Gymnospermia. LINOCIE'RA (Bot.) a name given by Home to a genus of Generic Character. CAL. perianth one-leaved.-Cor. petal plants, Class 2 Diandria, Order 1 Monogynia.

one. -- STAM. filaments four; anthers simple.- Pist. LINOPHY'LLUM (Bot.) a species of Thesium.

germ ovate; style filiform; stigma oblique.- Per. none; LINO'SYRIS (Bot.) the Chrysocoma linosyris of Linnæus. seeds oblong. LI'NSEED (Bot.) the seed of the flax plant, which is much Species. The species are shrubs, as the--Lippia ovata,

used in medicine, being mucilaginous and oily, lubricating Dalea, seu Selago.-Lippia cymosa, seu Spiræa, &c. and emollient.

LI'PPIE (Com.) a corn measure in Scotland, equal to the LINSEY-WOOLSEY (Com.) cloth made of linen and fourth of a peck. woollen mixed together.

LI'PPITUDE (Med.) bleareyedness, or the watery state of LI'NSTOCK (Gunn.) a short staff of wood, with a match at the eye, when, from its margin, a clear humour conthe end of it, used in firing off of cannons.

tinually exudes. LINT (Surg.) the soft substance of linen scraped very fine | LI'PTOTES (Rhet.) aattétas, from asta, to be deficient; a for the purpose of application to wounds.

fault of speech wherein the force of the words is not anLI'NTEL (Archit.) the upper part of a door, or window swerable to the magnitude of the subject. frame.

LIPY'RIA (Med.) Asoz ; a continual fever, wherein the LI'NUM (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 5 Pentandria, outward parts are cool, while the inward parts burn. Order 5 Pentagynia.

LIQUA'MÈN (Chem.) any thing capable of being melted, Generic Character. Cal. perianth five-leaved. - Cor. particularly unctous substances.

funnel-form.-STAM. filaments five; anthers simple.-LIQUE'SCENCE (Chem.) the aptness in certain things to Pist. germ ovate; styles five; stigmas simple. -Per. melt, or grow liquid. capsules globose ; seeds solitary.

LIQUID (Chem. &c.) vide Liquids. Species. The species are mostly perennials, as the-Linum | LIQUIDAMBAR (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 21 Moperenne, Perennial Flax.

Linum viscosum, Clammy noecia, Order 7 Polyandria. Flax.–Linum angustifolium, Narrow-leaved Flax, &c. Generic Character. "CAL. common.—Cornone.-STAM. But the Linum usitatissimum, Common Flax.—Linum filaments numerous; anthers upright.-Pist. germ obgallicum, Yellow Flax, &c. are annuals. Clus. Hist.; long; styles two; stigmas recurved.-Per, capsule ovate; Dod. Pempt.; Bauh. Hist.; Bauh. Pin.; Ger. Herb.; seeds several. Park. Theat. Bot. ; Raii Hist. ; Tourn. Inst.

Species. The species are trees, as the Liquidambar Linum is also the name for a species of the Gypsophila.

styraciflua, seu Styrar, Maple-leaved Liquidambar, or LI'ON (Ant.) vide Leo.

Sweet Gum.-Liquidambar imberbe, Oriental LiquidamLion (Zool.) the Felis Leo of Linnæus, so classed from its bar, &c. Bauh. Pin.; Raii Hist.

resemblance to the cat tribe; it is an inhabitant of Africa to LIQUIDATE (Com.) to adjust, or balance, an account and India, preys on all sorts of large quadrupeds, and, in the public funds. when pressed by hunger, on man. Its strength is so great LIQUID A'TION (Com.) the adjustment and balancing of that a single stroke of his paw is sufficient to break the accounts.

back of a horse, and one sweep of his tail will throw a LI'QUIDS (Chem.) a class of Auids which are not sensibly i strong man to the ground. When the lion comes up to his elastic, nor diminish in bulk, when pressed upon, in distinc

prey, he always knocks it down dead, and seldom bites it tion froin airs, or gases, which are elastic fluids. until it is killed.

LIQUIDS (Gram.) the five letters, l, m, n, r, s, so called from LION (Her.) this animal, being accounted the king of beasts, their soft and melting sound.

has been chosen more frequently as a bearing in coat LIQUOR (Med.) a name for different solutions medicinally armour than any other common charge, and admits, there employed; as liquor Ammoniæ, a solution of Ammonia; fore, of almost all the forms of blazon by which animals Liquor Calcis, line-water, or a solution of lime in water, are described. [vide Heraldry]-Lion King at Arms. &c. vide Lyon.]

LI'QUORICE (Bot.) the Glycyrrhiza glabra of Linnæus.LIONCEL (Her.) a small lion, the name by which lions Liquorice Vetch, the Astragalus glycyphyllus of Linnæus.

are said to be blazoned when there are more than one in Bauh. Hist.; Ger. Herb.; Park. Theat.-Wild Liquorice, an escutcheon.

the Abrus precatorius of Linnæus. LIP (Anat.) vide Anatomy.

LI'RA (Com.) a small money of account in Italy, 'reckoned LIP (Bot.) vide Labium.

at something more than eight-pence sterling. LIPA'RIA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 17 Diadelphia, || LIRICONFANCY (Bot.) a species of the Convallaria. Order 4 Decandria.

LIRIODE'NDRON (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 13 PoGeneric Character. Cal. perianth one-leaved.--Cor. pa lyandria, Order 7 Polygynia.

pilionaceous.-Stam. filaments simple; anthers ovate. Generic Character. Cal. perianth three-leaved. — CoR. Pist. germ sessile; stigma simple.—Per. legume ovate; petals six.-Stam. filaments numerous; anthers linear. seeds few.

Pist. germs numerous ; style none; stigma globose.Species. The species are shrubs, as the-Liparia sphaerica, Per, none; seeds numerous.

seu Genista, Globe-flowered Liparia.- Liparia umbel Species. The species are trees, as the-Liriodendron tulilata, seu Borbonia, Umbelled Liparia, &c.

pifera, Common Tulip-Tree. - Liriodendron letifera, LI'PARIS (Ich.). astepis, a kind of fish, so called from its seu Sampaca, &c. consisting principally of avaos, fat.

LI'RIUM (Bot.) a species of the Lilium. LIPA'ROCELE (Med.) from noros, fat, and xhan, a rupture; || LIS (Com.) a long measure in China equal to about 180

a sort of sarcocele which arises from excess of anos, fat. fathoms.

c. 11.

seeds many.

army list, &c.

LISIA'NTHUS (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 5 Pentan Litharge is more or less white or red, according to the dria, Order 1 Monogynia.

metals with which the silver is alloyed. The white is called Generic Character. Cal. perianth five-parted.-Cor. petal

litharge of silver, the red litharge of gold. Plin. I. 26, one.-STAM. filaments five ; anthers ovate.—Pist. germ oblong; style filiform; stigma headed.-Per. oblong; LITHIASIS (Med.) dibutus, from nidos, a stone; the disease

called the stone; also a disease in the eye. [vide ChaSpecies. The species are shrubs, as the-Lisianthus longi laza) folius, seu Rapunculus.-Lisianthus sempervirens, Bigno- LI'THIATE (Chem.) a salt formed by the combination of nia, Gelseminum, seu Syringa, &c. Raii Hist.

lithic acid with different bases, as the lithiate of ammonia, LI'SPOUND (Com.) a weight at Hamburgh equal to fifteen

&c. pounds avoirdupois.

LI'THIC acid (Chem.) an acid extracted from the urinary LIST (Law) or Civil List, the whole of the king's revenue

calculus. in his own distinct capacity.

LITHIZO'NTES (Min.) a kind of ordinary carbuncle. Plin. List (Mil.) a roll or catalogue, as the annual and monthly 1. 37, c. 7.

LITHOBO'LIA (Ant.) Hibe Bonéa, i. e. lapidation; a festival List (Mar.) an inclination to one side, as, “ The ship has a celebrated by the Troezenians in memory of Lamia and

list to starboard,” i. e. is depressed lower in the water on Auxesia, two virgins, who coming from Črete to Troezen that side.

in a time of tumult and sedition, were stoned to death. List (Archit.) vide Listel.

Paus. Corinth. &c. List (Mech.) a border or edge of cloth.

LITHOCOLLA (Chem.) 2.foxonne, from alloc, a stone, and LI'STEL (Archit.) a small band, or square moulding, serving xóance, glue; a cement with which stones are joined and to crown or accompany larger mouldings, or sometimes to

fastened together. separate the flutings of columns.

LITHODENDRON (Min.) Coral. LISTS (Archæol.) a place inclosed in with rails for tourna LITHOEI'DES (Anat.) dobosidd's

, an epithet for the bone of ments, races, wrestlings, and other exercises.

the scull called the os petrosum. LI'TA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 5 Pentandria, Order 1 LITHOGLYPHUS (Ant.) doboraupos, a lapidary, or stoneMonogynia.

cutter. Generic Character. Cal. perianth one-leaved.-CoR. petal LITHOGRAPHY, (Vat.) from silos, a stone, and you,

one.- STAM. filaments none; anthers five.- Pist. germ to write; a scientific description of stones. oblong; style filiform; stigma headed. — Per. capsule ob- LITHO'LABON (Surg.) from ailes, a stone, and dau Bay, to long ; seeds numerous.

lay hold of; a sort of forceps for extracting the stone. Species. The species are, the-Lita rosea, cærulea, seu LI'THOMANCY (Ant.) aicuartsía, a sort of divination by Voyria, natives of Guiana.

means of a precious stone, cailed siderites. The person LI'TANY (Ecc.) from the Greek artarsia, a supplication; a

who consulted it washed it in spring water by candle-light, name for supplications and public prayers used by the purified himself from all pollution, repeated certain prayers Romish church in processions, and on feast days, for the with his face covered, and placed certain characters in an invocation of God and the saints. It is also applied to the appointed order; after which the stone was said to move, general supplication or prayer which is said or sung in and to return an answer in a soft murmur, or, as some say, churches, and forms one of the principal parts of the ser in the voice of a child, vice in the Book of Common Prayer.

LI'THOMARGE (Min.) an argillaceous earth, otherwise LI'TERA salutaris (Ant.). a name given to the letter A, be called Fuller's Earth, or Potter's Clay.

cause it denoted the acquittal of any one who had been ac LITHONTRI'PTICS (Med.) from 2006, a stone, and Tys, cused.' [vide A]

a breaking; medicines which break the stone in the kidneys LITERA (Archæol.) a litter, or straw for a bed, even for the or bladder.

king's bed; so called from lectum, a bed. Mon. Angl. LITHOPHILA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 2 Diandria, tom. 2, p. 33.

Order 1 Monogynia. LI'TERÆ laureatee (Ant.) letters wreathed with laurel, which Generic Character. Cal. perianth three-leaved.—COR.

were sent by the Roman generals to announce any victory petals three.-Stam. filaments two; anthers roundish. that they had obtained.

Pist. germ roundish; style upright; stigmas obtuse.LITERÆ solutoria (Archæol.) magical characters, supposed Per, two-celled ; seeds none.

to be of such power that it was impossible for any one to Species. The single species is the Lithophila muscoides. bind such persons as carried them about with them. Bede, || LITHOSPE'RMUM (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 5 Pen1. 4, c. 22.

tandria, Order 1 Monogynia. LITERÆ (Lar) letters. [vide Letters]

Generic Character. CAL. perianth five-parted.--Cor. petal LI'TERAL fault (Print.) an error in printing, either by the one. - STAM. filaments five; anthers oblong. - Pist. omission, the redundancy, or misplacing of letters.

germs four; style filiform; stigma obtuse.-Per, none; LI'TERARY property (Law) the property that an author or seeds four.

his assignee has in the copy of any literary work, which is Species. The species are mostly perennials, as the-Licalled his copy-right.

thospermum officinale, Common Gromwell.-Lithosper. LI'TERATES (Cus.) a name given to those who are admitted mum orientale, Anchusa, seu Asperugo, Yellow Grom

to ordination by the bishop without having taken a univer well, or Bugloss. — Lithospermum fruticosum, seu Busity degree.

glossum, Shrubby Gromwell, &c." The following are LITÉRATI (Ant.) those branded with any letters by way of annuals, namely; the-Lithospermum arvense, seu Echiignominy. [vide Inscripti]

oides, Bastard Gromwell.—Lithospermum tinctorium, seu LITERATURA (Archeol.) education, and ad literaturam Arnobia, Dyer's Gromwell, &c.

ponere, to put to school, which liberty was anciently denied LITHO'STROTA (Ant.) pavements of Mosaic work, conto servile tenants.

sisting of small pieces of cut marble, of different kinds and LITHAGO'GA (Med.) from aídos, a stone, and yw, to drive; colours. The first lithostroton used was that made by Sylla, medicines which expel the stone.

at Præneste, in the temple of Fortune. Varro de Re Rust. LI'THARGE (Min.) from aidos, a stone, and propes, silver ; 1. 3, c. I; Plin. l. 36, c. 25; Suet. in Jul. c. 46; Capitolin.

the scum of lead that arises in purifying silver with lead. in Gord. c. 32; Philand, in Vitruv. l. 4, c. 6; Salmas. E.r.

ercit.; Plin. p. 854; Spon. Misc. Erud. Antiq. sect. 11, Stat. Theb. l. 6, v. 228.
art. 8.

Et lituis aures circumpulsantur acutis.
LITHO'TOMIST (Surg.) an operator for the stone.
LITHO'TOMY (Surg.) Molotomía, from aidos, a stone, and Senec. Thyest. act. 3, v. 575.
Tipwa, to cut; the operation of cutting the stone out of

Jam tacet stridor litui strepentis. the bladder, of which there are two sorts, the high and the lateral.-The high operation is performed immediately The figure of the lituus, as it is represented on medals, is above the pubes, in that part of the bladder that is not co very similar to that used by the augur, from which it devered with the peritoneum.-The lateral operation is per rives its name. formed in the perinæum by laying open the neck and la- LIVE-IN-I'DLENESS (Bot.) the Viola tricolor of Linnæus. teral part of the bladder; it is so called from the lateral LIVE-LONG (Bot.) a species of the Telephium of Linnæus. incision made in the prostrate gland of the neck of the LIVER (Anat.) jaag, hepar, or jecur, a large viscus, of a bladder.

deep red colour, divided into two lobes, besides a smaller LITIGIOUS (Law) this term is applied to a church where one, called the lobulus spigelii. It is situated under the

several persons lay claim to the patronage, and present se diaphragm, in the right hypochondrium, and has five ligaveral clerks to the ordinary, which excuses him from ad. ments, two surfaces, two margins, two tubercles, a fissure, mitting any until by a trial jure patronatus, or otherwise, a sinus, and the pori biliari, besides the blood-vessels, abthe right is decided.

sorbents, nerves, glands, &c. The use of this viscus, LI'TRE (Com.) the unit for measures of capacity in the new which is itself a large gland, is to supply the intestines system of French measures, equal to 61+ English cubic

with the fluid called the bile. inches, and containing the 35th part of an English bushel. Liver of antimony (Chem.) antimony opened by saltpetre LI'TRON (Com.) a measure for corn and dry commodities and fire, so as to make it half glass, and give it a liver

in the old system of French measures, five of which are colour. equal to four modern litres.

LI'VER-WORT (Bot.) the Lichen, one of the Algæ. LITTER (Husband.) the straw that is spread under cattle to LI'VERY (Law) has different significations. 1. A suit of lie down upon.

clothes, of different colours and trimmings, which a genLitter (Mech.) a sort of carriage, like a sedan, borne upon tleman gives to his servants and followers. Stat. 1 R. 2, horses or mules.

c. 7; 1 H. 4, c. 7; 8 H. 6, c. 4; 8 Ed. 4, c. 2; in all which LI'TTERINGS (Mech.) sticks which keep the web stretched statutes it was ordained that no man, of any condition, upon a weaver's loom.

should give any livery but to his domestics, officers, or LITTORE'LLA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 21 Mo counsel learned in the law. 2. A delivery of possession to noecia, Order 4 Tetrandria.

those tenants who held of the king in capite, or knights' Generic Character. Cal. perianth four-leaved.-Cor. petal service. Staundf. Prærog. 12. 3. The writ which lay for

one. — STAM. filaments four; anthers heart-shaped. — the heir of age to obtain the possession or seisin of his Pist. germ oblong; style filiform ; stigma acute.- Per. lands at the king's hands. F. N.B. 155; 12 Car. 2, c. 24; the investing corolla ; seed nut one-celled.

by which last statute liveries, &c. were abolished. 4. LiSpecies. The species is the Littorella lacustris, seu Plan

very of seisin, i. e. delivery of possession of lands, tenetago, Plantain Shoreweed.

ments, and hereditaments unto one that hath a right to the LITURGI (Ant.) 28T8fyon, from 2417&pyss, to do a public

same; a ceremony in the Common Law used in the conwork; those among the Athenians who were called upon veyance of lands, &c. Livery of seisin is either in deed to perform public duties, or execute public works, at their

or in law.–Livery in deed is the actual tradition of the own expense. These were generally chosen from the land.--Livery in law, otherwise called Livery within view,

richest of the citizens. Ulpian. in Demosth. Olinth. 2. is when the feoffer or granter is not actually on the land at LITURGY (Ecc.) λειτεργία, from λειτέργειν, to do a public the time he makes the transfer, but only within view of it,

work; the public service of the church, or a form of public and says to the feoffee, “ I give you yonder house and land, prayers, such as the Book of Common Prayer in the to you and your heirs, and therefore enter into the same, English church, which was approved and confirmed by and take possession accordingly.” Bract. l. 2, c. 18; Parliament in 1548.

1 Inst. 48, &c. 5. Livery of hay and oats, the giving out LI'TUUS (Ant.) 1. The crosier or staff made use of by the a certain quantity for feeding horses. 6. Livery et ouster Roman augurs in quartering the heavens. It

le main. vide Ouster le main] was crooked at one end, and thickest in the

LI'VERY-MEN (Law) such men as in a company or corcurved part, according to Aulus Gellius and

poration are advanced to a degree above the yeomanry, the representations on medals, as in the an

and have a right to wear a livery gown upon solemn occanexed figure, which represents the lituus be

sions. hind the head of Mark Antony, bearing the

LI'VERY-OFFICER (Law) an officer appointed for delivery inscription IMPerator ANTONius AUGur COnSul TER of lands and tenements, annexed to the court of wards. DESignatus TeRtium III. Vir ITeRum Reipublicæ Con- LIVERY-STABLES (Man.) public stables, where horses stituendæ. Cic. de Div. I. 1, c. 17; A. Gell. I. 5, c. 8; are let out to lire, or kept and maintained. Plut. in Camill. ; Goltz. Num. Cæs. tab. 32, et Non. in LI'VID muscle (Anat.) the name of one of the muscles which Goltz. 2. An instrument for martial music, distinguished move the thigh. both from the cornu and the tuba.

LI'VRE (Com.) a money of account in the old system of Hor. l. 2, od. 1, v. 17.

France, reckoned at 20 sous, equal to about 10d. sterling.
Jam jam minaci murmure cornuum

LIVRE is also the French name for a pound weight.
Perstringis aures, jam litui strepunt.

LIXI'VIUM (Chem.) a fixed alkali, or the salts of tartar,

wormwood, &c. Senec. Oedip. act. 3, v. 733.

LI'ZARD (Zool.) a reptile which is classed under the genus Sonuit reflexo classicum cornu ;

Lacerta in the Linnean system. Its body is covered with Lituus adunco stridulos cantus

scales, and the feet are palmate. Elisit are.

LIZARD'S Tail (Bot.) the Sauros cernuus of Linnæus. It is noted by the poets for the shrillness of its sounds. LOAD (Husband.) a trench to drain fenny places.


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LOAD (Com.) a certain quantity of hay, about 2,000 lb; of they hide themselves, that they may not fall a prey to timber fifty feet.

other animals that are not so defenceless. Lobsters are in LOAD (Min.) a vein of ore.

their best season from October until May; those which are LOADING of a gun (Gunn.) the act of charging it, or the four inches and a half long are called sizeable lobsters; charge itself.

those under that length are called pawks. When the feLOADMA'NAGE (Mar.) the hire which the pilot of a ship male, or hen lobster, deposits her ova she is said to be receives of the master or captain for conducting the ship

in berry

The ova are formed from the black substance in up the river, or into port.

their body, which when boiled turns of a beautiful red, and LOA'DSMAN (Mar.) a kind of pilot established for the is called coral, safe conduct of ships in and out of harbours.

Lobster (Her.) this insect is borne entire, as in LOADSTONE (Mar.) i.e. leading-stone, the stone on which the annexed figure.

“ He beareth gules on a the mariner's compass-needle is touched, to give it a direc bend or, a lobster sable ; sometimes only the tion north and south. [vide Magnet]

claws are borne. LOAM (Husband.) a particular kind of fat clay, which is LOBUS (Bot.) the Epidendrum vanilla and the much used for manure.

Guilanda bonducella of Linnæus. Loam (Chem.) a sort of plaster used by chemists to stop up | LOCAL (Law) tied or annexed to a certain their vessels.

place, as real actions, which must be brought in the county LOAN (Com.) any thing lent, particularly money, which is where the lands lie, in distinction from personal actions, lent by individuals for the use of government, called a go

which are not local. Kitch. 160, 230.—Local customs are vernment loan.

those peculiar to some lordship or district. LOA'S A (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 13 Polyandria, Local colours (Paint.) such as are natural, and proper for Order 1 Monogynia.

each particular object in a picture. Generic Character. Cal. perianth five-leaved.-Cor. petals Local medicaments (Med.) those medicines which are applied

five.-Stam. filaments numerous ; anthers roundísh. outwardly to any particular part. Pist. germ subovate; style filiform ; stigma simple.- || Local militia (Mil.) a temporary armed force which is emPer. capsule top-shaped ; seeds a great many.

bodied for the defence of the country, and exercised within Species. The single species is an annual, as the-Loasa certain limits. hispida, seu Ortiga, native of South America.

Local problem (Math.) such an one as is capable of an infiLWBWORM (Ent.) a worm used in angling,

nite number of solutions. LOBA'RIA (Ent.) a genus of worms of the Order Mollusca, || LOCA'LES (Med.) the fourth class of diseases in Cullen's having a body convex above and flat beneath.

Nosology, which comprehends morbid affections that are LOBA'TUS (Bot.) lobate, or divided into lobes or distinct partial, and includes eight orders ; namely, Dyscestkiæ,

divisions; an epithet for a leaf. The leaves are denomi Dysorexia, Dyscinesia, Apocenoses, Epischeses, Tumores, nated bilobate, trilobate, &c. according to the number of Ectopia, and Dialyses. lobes into which they are divided.

LOCATION (Law) the letting to hire. LO'BBY (Mar.) a small apartment adjoining the forepart of LOCH (Med.) or lochoch, a medicinal composition for dis

the bread-room, and appropriated to the use of the sur eases of the breast. geon.

LOCHABER-AXE (Mil.) a tremendous weapon formerly LOBE (Anat.) any body of a roundish shape, particularly used by the Highlanders, but now only by the Edinburgh the two divisions of the lungs or liver.

guard. LOBE (Bot.) lobus, the parts into which some leaves are di- || LOCHE (Ich.) the Cobitis of Linnæus, a sort of fish which

dived; also the placenta, or main body of the seed, des inhabits the fresh waters of Europe and Asia. It is three tined to nourish the heart, splitting usually into two parts, or four inches long, has a variegated body, and lives at the called the lobes.

bottom of the water, on the gravel. LOBE'LIA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 5 Pentandria, | LOCHIA (Surg.) 200īd, probably from dégout, to lie Order 1 Monogynia.

down; the natural evacuations of women in child-bed, Generic Character. CAL. perianth one-leaved.-Cor. petal after the birth of the fætus and the exclusion of the se

one.-STAM. filaments five; anthers connate.- Dist. cundines. germ inferior ; style cylindric; stigma obtuse.- Per. cap. | LOCK (Mech.) or weir, a construction by which the current sule ovate; seeds numerous.

or stream of a river is stopped; also any small portion eiSpecies. The species are mostly perennials, as the-Lo ther of hair or wool.

belia pinifolia, seu Rapuntium, Pine -leaved Lobelia.- | Lock of a gun (Mil.) that part of a musket by which fire is Lobelia dortmanna, seu Gladiolus, Water Lobelia, or produced for the discharge of the piece. Gladiole.—Lobelia Cardinalis, seu T'rachelium, Scarlet LOCK-SPIT (Fort.) a small trench opened with a spade to Lobelia, or Cardinal's Flower.-Lobelia siphiatica, Blue mark out the lines of any work. Lobelia, or Cardinal's Flower, &c. The following are LOCKED JAW (Med.) a spasmodic affection which preannuals; namely, the-Lobelia simpler, Slender Lobelia. vents the motion of the jaws. [vide Tetanus)

- Lobelia longiflora, Long-flowered Lobelia.-Lobelia LOCKER (Mar.) a kind of box or chest made along the chinensis, Chinese Lobelia.- Lobelia triquetra, Tooth side of a ship to put or stow things in. leaved Lobelia, &c. Clus. Hist. ; Dod. Pempt. ; Bauh. | LO'CKET (Mech.) a little lock of a gold chain or necklace ; Hist.; Bauh. Pin.; Ger. Herb.; Park. Theat. Bot.; also that part of a sword scabbard where the hook is fasRaji Hist.; Tourn. Inst.

tened. LOBLO'LLY (Mar.) a seafaring mess.

LOCKING-WHEE'L (Mech.) the same as the count or LOB-LOLLY BAY (Bot.) the Gordonia lasianthus, a shrub. cantred wheel in a clock or watch. LOBSTER (Ent.) the Cancer astacus of Linnæus, a sort of LOCKING-PLATES (Gunn.) thin flat pieces of iron nailed

shell-fish, which has the body cylindric, the antennæ long, on the sides of a field-carriage to prevent the wood from and the tail long. Lobsters are found' on most of the wearing away. rocky coasts of Great Britain, where they breed during the LOCKMAN (Polit.) an officer in the Isle of Man who exespring and summer. They change their crust annually, cutes the orders of the governor. and during the time that they are getting their new coat | LOCO-CE'SSION (Law) a yielding, or giving place.

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