Sidebilder
PDF
ePub

solid angle is that which is made by the meeting of more equal, and if less, less. In proportionals the antecedent than two planes which are not in the same plane, as the terms are called homologous to one another, and the angle A, fig. 40, and E, fig. 41, made by the meeting consequents to one another. of CAD, CAB, BAE, D A E, or by the meeting of Proportion varies according to the order or magnitude of HEK, GEH, GEL, and KEL.-A pyramid is a the proportionals, as - Alternate proportion, when the solid figure contained by planes that are constituted be first of four magnitudes has the same ratio to the third twixt one plane and one point above it in which they which the sec ha to the fourth; thus the ratio of meet, as fig. 42.- A prism is a solid figure contained A to C, fig. 32, being the same as B to D, the

proby plane figures, of which two that are opposite are portion is alternate.- Inverse proportion is when the equal, similar, and parallel to one another; and the second is to the first as the fourth to the third, i. e. B others parallelograms, as in fig. 43.—A sphere is a solid to A as D to C.-Compound proportion is when the first, figure described by the revolution of a semicircle, as together with the second, is to the second as the third, CB A round its diameter C A, as in fig. 44.— A cone is together with the fourth, is to the fourth, i.e. supposing a solid figure described by the revolution of a right

A E to be E B as C F to FD, fig. 33, then, by compoangled triangle, A BC, about one of the sides contain sition, A B is to BE as CD to DE.-Proportion by ing the right angle, as A B, fig. 45. If the fixed side be division is the reverse of the preceding, for supposing equal to the other side, containing the right angle, as A B to be B E as C D to E F, then, by division, A E is A B and B C, fig. 45, it is a right-angled cone ; if it be to E B as C F to FD. Proportion by conversion is when less than the other side, as in fig. 46, it is an obtuse the first is to its excess above the second as the third to angled cone ; and if it be greater than the other side, as its excess above the fourth.-Ordinate proportion, or proin fig. 47, it is an acute-angled cone. The axis of a cone portion ex æquali, i. e. from equality of distance, is when is the fixed straight line, as A B, about which the tri any number of magnitudes more than two are proporangle revolves. The base of a cone is the circle de tionals in such manner, that when taken two and two of scribed by that side containing the right angle which each rank, it is inferred that the first is to the last of the revolves.-A cylinder is a solid figure described by the first rank of magnitudes as the first is to the last of the revolution of a right-angled parallelogram, ACB, fig. 48, others, as in fig. 34, supposing A to be to B as D to E, about one of its sides, as A B, which remains fixed, and B to Cas E to F; then, ex æquali, A is to C as D to F. and is called the aris of the cylinder. The bases of -Perturbate proportion, or proportion ex æquali, in cross a cylinder are the circles described by the two revolving order, is when the proportion of such magnitudes, taken opposite sides of the parallelogram.- A cube is a solid iwo and two in cross order, is inferred: thus, supposing figure contained by six equal squares, as fig. 49.-A A to be to B as E to F; and as B is to C so is D to E; tetrahedron is a solid figure contained by four equal and

then A is to C as D to F. equilateral triangles, as fig. 50.- Octahedron, a solid The principal writers on geometry, besides Euclid, are figure contained by eight equal and equilateral triangles, Archimides, Apollonius, Pappus, Eutocius, and Proclus, as fig. 51.- A dodecahedron, a solid figure contained by among the ancients; those among the moderns have twelve equal pentagons, which are equilateral and equian been already given under the head of Algebra. gular, as fig. 52.--An icosahedron, a solid figure contained GEOPILY'SIA (Chem.) yoz iduria, a separation of particles by twenty equal and equilateral triangles, as fig. 53.—A by dilution. parallelopiped, a solid figure contained by six quadrila- ST. GEORGE (Numis.) on the medals of Alexis, John, and

teral figures, whereof every opposite two are parallel. Manuel Comnenus, this celebrated saint and martyr is reRatio. Řatio is a mutual relation of two magnitudes of presented mostly on horseback holding a spear in one

the same kind to one another in respect of quantity: hand, and a sword, &c. in the other, sometimes piercing a thus the ratio of 2 to 1, or of A B to A G, fig. 31, is dragon, as he is now commonly represented; the inscripdouble; that of 3 to 1, triple, &c.- A less magnitude is tion @ SEPTIOC, i.e. ábytos stapytos, or Holy George. said to be a part of a greater when the less measures Bandur. Numis. Imp. Roman. the greater, or is contained in it a certain number of St. GEORGE (Her.) or Knight of St. George, a denomination times exactly: thus AG is a part of A B, fig. 31.-A

of several military orders, the principal of which is that of greater magnitude is said to be a multiple of a less when

the Garter, by whom the figure of St. George on horsethe greater is measured by or contains the less a certain

back is worn. number of times : thus AB is a multiple of E, and CD | St. George (Mil.) the English war cry. of F, fig. 31.-Magnitudes are said to have a ratio to || GEORGE D'OR (Com.) a Hanoverian coin equal in value one another when the less can be multiplied so as to to about 16s.6d. exceed the other; and those magnitudes which have the || George Noble, a name for the noble coined in the reign of same ratio are called proportionals.

Henry VIII. [vide Coinage] Proportion. Proportion is the similitude of ratios: thus the GEOʻRGIANS (Ecc.) a sect of heretics so called from one ratio of 6 to 2 is the same as the ratio of 3 to l; and the

David George, a Dutchman, who declared himself to be ratio of 15 to 5 is also the same as that of 3 to 1 : there. the Messiah. fore the ratio of 6 to 2 is the same as that of 15 to 5,|| GEORGICS (Poel.) from gñ, the earth, and prov, a work ; which is expressed thus : as 6:2 :: 15:5. The first of

books treating on husbandry, of which Virgil has left an four magnitudes is said to have the same ratio to the second

example. which the third has to the fourth, when any equimultiples | GEOʻRGIUM Sidus (Astron.) or Uranus, the name given whatsoever of the first and third being taken, and any by Dr. Herschel, in honour of his late Majesty, to the equimultiples whatsoever of the second and fourth: if

planet which he discovered in 1781. [vide Astronomy] the multiple of the first be less than that of the third, || GĖRÆ'STIA (Ant.) repaísız, a festival in honour of Nepthe multiple of the second is also less than that of the

tune, kept at Gerästus in Eubola. Stephan. Byz.; Schol. fourth; if equal, equal; and if less, less : thus A, fig. 32, Pindar. is said to have the same ratio to B as C to D, supposing || GERA'NIUM (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 16 MonaE, F to be any equimultiples whatever of A and B, and delphia, Order 5 Decandria. G, H any equimultiples whatever of C and D; so that if

Generic Character. Cal. five-leaved.-Cor. petals five. E be greater than G, F is greater than H, if equal, -Stam. filaments ten; anthers oblong.-Pist. germ

c. 10.

næus.

five-cornered; style awlshaped; stigmas five.--PER. cap Geropogon, or Old Man's Beard.–Geropogon hirsutum, sule five-grained; seeds ovate, oblong.

Rough Geropogon; but the-Geropogon calyculatum is Species. The species are perennials, as the-Geranium a perennial. molle, Common Crane's-bill, or Dove's-foot.-Geranium GE’RRA (Ant.) zippa, a square sort of shield, used first by pratense, Meadow Crane's-bill, native of Europe.-Ge the Persians, and afterwards by the Greeks. ranium robertianum, Stinking Crane’s-bill

, or Herb Ro- GERRÆ (Mil.) hurdles made of twigs, and filled with earth, bert, native of Europe.-Geranium Bohemicum, Bohe for the fortifying a place. Fest. de Verb. Signif. mian Crane's-bill. — Geranium carolinianum, Carolina GE'RRES (Ich.) a fish of the pilchard kind. Plin. I. 32, Crane's-bill.-Geranium dissectum, Jagged Crane's-bill. -Geranium columbinum, Long-stalked Crane's-bill, na GERRIS (Ent.) a division of the genus Cimex, according tive of Europe.-—Geranium lucidum, Shining Crane's to Fabricius, comprehending those species which have the bill, or Dove's-foot.--Geranium rotundifolium, Round lip rounded, and body long. leaved Crane's-bill.-Geranium sylvaticum, Wood Crane's- GERSU'MA (Archæol.) a fine, or an income, among the bill.-Geranium nodosum, Knotted Crane's-bill.-Gera. Saxons. nium reflexum, Purple-flowered Crane's-bill.-Geranium GERUND (Gram.) a part of a verb so called from its double phæum, Dark-flowered Crane's-bill.–Geranium tubero use and form, namely, as a verb and an adjective, sum, Tuberous-rooted Crane's-bill.-Geranium incanum, GESNE'RA (Bot.) another name for the Gesneria of LinHoary-leaved Crane's-bill. - Geranium sanguineum, Bloody Crane's-bill. - Geranium Sibericum, Siberian GESNE’RIA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 14 Didynamia, Crane's-bill, &c. Clus. Hist.; Dod. Pempt.; Bauh.

Order 2 Angiospermia. Hist.; Bauh. Pin.; Ger. Herb.; Park. Theat.; Raii Generic Character. Cal. perianth one-leaved.—Cor. oneHist. ; Tourn. Inst.

petalled.-STAM. filaments four; anthers simple.-Pist. GERANIUM is also another name for the Erodium.

germ inferior; style filiform; stigmas capitate.-Per. GERA'RAT (Med.) a name in Avicenna for poisonous capsule roundish ; seeds numerous. animals.

Species. The species are shrubs, as the-Gesneria humilis, GERA'RDIA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 14 Didynamia, Low Gesneria, native of New Spain.-Gesneria acauOrder 2 Angiospermia.

lis, seu Rapunculus, Stemless Gesneria, native of JaGeneric Character. CAL. perianth one-leaved. Cor. one maica.—Gesneria tomentosa, seu Digitalis, Woolly Ges

petalled.-STAM. filaments four; anthers small.—Pist. neria, native of Jamaica. Raii Hist. germ ovate ; style simple; stigmas blunt.- Per. capsule GESNERIA is also the Digitalis canariensis of Linnæus. ovate; seeds ovate.

GE'SSANT (Her.) vide Jessant. Species. The species are mostly annuals, as the--Gerardia GE'SSERAIN (Archæol.) a breast-plate. delphinifolia, Larkspur-leaved Gerardia, native of the GE'SSES (Her.) vide Jesses. East Indies.-- Gerardia purpurea, seu Digitalis, native GESTATIO (Ant.) a place of exercise among the Romans, of North America, &c. &c.

similar to what is now termed a riding-school. GERASCA'NTHUS (Bot.) the Cordia gerascanthus of Lin- GESTATION (Med.) pregnancy; the period that intervenes

between conception and delivery. GERBE'RA (Bot.) the Amica crocea of Linnæus.

GESTIO

pro hærede (Law) behaviour as heir; in Scotch GE'RMAN (Law) germanus, whole, or entire, as respects law, that conduct by which the heir makes himself liable to

genealogy or descent; thus“ Brother-german” denotes the debts of the ancestor. one who is brother both by the father and mother's side. GESTU et famá (Law) an ancient writ where a person's “ Cousins-german,” those in the first and nearest degree, good behaviour was impeached. i. e. children of brothers or sisters.

GĚTHIOIDES (Bot.) the Allium pallens of Linnæus. GERMA'NDRA (Bot.) the Teucrium of Linnæus.

GETHYLLIS (Bot.) γηθυλλίς, or άγλίθες, a name for the GE'RMEN (Bot.) germ, ovary, or seed-bud; the rudiment heads or divisions of garlick, which are

now called of the fruit while yet in embryo, which is the lower part or cloves. Aristoph. Acharn; Schol. in Nicand.; Theoph. base of the pistil: when the germ is included within the Hist. Plant. 1. 7, c. 4 ; Dioscor. I. 2, c. 18; Plin. l.19, c. 6; corolla, it is said to be superior, but when placed below Athen. 1. 9, c. 3. the corolla, inferior; on the other hand, when the corolla GETHYLLIS, in the Linnean system, a genus of plants, Class 6 is placed above the germ it is called superior; and when it Hexandria, Order 1 Monogynia. encloses the germ so as to have its base below the

germ

it Generic Character. CAL. none.-Cor. one-petalled. is called inferior: when the germ is elevated on a fulcre STAM. filaments six ; anthers linear.---Pist. germ infebesides the peduncle it is said to be pedicelled.

rior; style simple; stigma capitate.-Per, berry clubGERMINATIO (Bot.) germination, the time when seeds shaped; seeds nestling one upon another in three rows. begin to vegetate; also the act of their vegetating.

Species. The species are natives of the Cape, as theGEROCOMỈA (Med.) yepoxowice, from répar, an old man, and Gethyllis villosa, seu Papiria, Hairy Gethyllis.-Ge

xopía, to take care of; that part of medicine which thyllis ciliaris, Fringed Gethyllis. - Gethyllis spiralis, prescribes a regimen for old age.

Spiral Gethyllis. GERONTOCOMIA (Med.) vide Gerocomia.

GETHYON (Bot.) another name for Gethyllis. GERONTOXON (Med.) from yépar, an old person, and tółor, GEUM (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 12 Icosandria,

a bow; a small ulcer, like the head of a dart, appearing Order 3 Polygynia. sometimes in the cornea of old persons.

Generic Character. Cal. perianth one-leaved. - Cor. GEROPO'GON (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 19 Synge petals five.-Stam. filaments numerous; anthers short. nesia, Order 1 Polygamia Equalis.

-Pist. germs numerous; styles long; stigma simple.Generic Character. Cal. common simple.-Cor. com Per. seeds numerous.

pound uniform.-STAM. filaments five ; anthers cylindric. Species. The species are perennials, as the-Geum virgi-Pist. germ oblong; style filiform; stigmas two.-Per. niacum, seu Caryophyllata, American Avens.Geum ponone; seeds subulate.

tentilloides, seu Dryas, Siberian Avens.--Geum urbanum, Species. The species are mostly annuals, and natives of Common Avens, or Herb Bennet. Geum rivale,

Italy, as the-Geropogon glabrum, seu Trapogon, Smooth Water Geum. Clus. Hist.; Bauh. Hist.; Bauh.

næus.

yenne, &c.

serves

as

Pin.; Ger. Herb.; Park, Theat.; Raii Hist.; Tourn. GILLS (Ich.) openings on the side of the head, which serve Inst.

as the organs of respiration to fishes. Geum, another name for the Dryas of Linnæus.

GILLS (Bot.) vide Lamella. GHE'RKIN (Cook.) or Gerkin, a sort of pickled cucumber. GI'LT-HEAD (Ich.) a sort of fish, the Sparus of Linnæus, GHEUX (Ecc.) in French gheur, a name formerly given to which inhabits the European seas. It feeds chiefly on shellthe Protestants in the Low Countries,

fish, which it grinds with its strong teeth; weighs about ten GHI'NIA (Bot.) a genus of plants, so called from Lucas pounds; and has coarse flesh. Ghinia, Class 2 Diandria, Order 1 Monogynia.

GIMBALS (Mar.) brass rings by which a sea compass is Generic Character. CAL. perianth one-leaved.—Cor. one suspended in its box.

petalled.-Stam. filaments four; anthers with oblong GI'MBLETTING (Mar.) the act of turning the anchor cells.—Pist. germ roundish; style the length of the round by the stock. tube; stigma four-lobed.-Per. drupe turbinate; seed GI'MMEL Ring (Mech.) or Gemmow Ring, a ring of double nuts angular.

hoops made to play into each other, so as to join two hands Species. The species are annuals, as the-Ghinia spinosa together, which serves as a wedding ring, coupling the

Tamonea, seu Verbena, native of the West Indies. parties.
Ghinia mutica, native of Guiana and the Island of Ca- GIN (Sport.) contracted from engin, a machine which

a trap or snare for catching wild beasts, GHITTA (Bot.) vide Gutta Gamba.

birds, &c. GIBBOUS (Astron.) an epithet applied to the moon, to ex- GINA'NNIA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 9 Enneandria,

press one state of her illumination, namely, while she moves Order 1 Monogynia. between her quadratures, in opposition to the sun: she is Generic Character. Cal. perianth double.-Cor. petals said to be gibbous, i. e. bunched, or convex.

three.-STAM. filaments nine; anthers versatile.—Pist. GI'BBUS (Bot.) gibbous, an epithet for a leaf that swells germ oblong; style filiform; stigma obtuse.—Per, leout.

gume long; seeds many. GI'DDINESS (Med.) vide Vertigo.

Species. The single species is a shrub, as the-Ginannia GI'FFÆ (Med.) tumours behind the ears.

guianensis, seu Paloue, native of Guiana. GIFT (Law) donum, donatio, a conveyance which passeth GI'NGER (Bot.) a well-known Indian root, of a hot quality,

either lands or goods. A gift is of larger extent than a the Zingiber of Linnæus.
grant, being applied to things moveable and immoveable. GINGIBRACHIUM (Med.) the scurvy.
În respect to personal property gifts are always gratuitous; GINGI'DIUM (Bot.) a species of Daucus.
grants are upon some consideration or equivalent.

GI'NGIVÆ (Anat.) from gigno, to beget, because the teeth GI'FT-ROPE (Mar.) the boat-rope which is fastened to the are as it were produced in them; the gums.

boat when she is swifted, for the purpose of towing her at GI'NGLYMUS (Anat.) yoyyaypids, a sort of articulation of the stern of the ship:

the bones when the head of one is received into the socket GI'FTA aque (Archæol.) the stream of water belonging to a of another. mill. Mon. Angl. tom. 3.

GINGO' (Bot.) vide Ginkgo. GIGA (Mus.) Italian for a jig.

GI'NKGO (Bot.) another name for the Maidenhair Tree of GIGALO'BIUM (Bot.) the Mimosa scandens of Linnæus. Japan. GI'GMILL (Mech.) a mill for the fulling of woollen cloth. GINO'RA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 11 Dodecandria, GIGO'T (Man.) the branch of a bridle after the form of a Order 1 Monogynia. gigot, or leg, the lower part of which is round, and called Generic Character. Cal. perianth one-leaved. — COR. in French gargouille.

petals six.-STAM. filaments twelve; anthers kidneyGIGS (Vet.) or giggs, swellings growing on the inside of shaped.-Pist. germ roundish; style subulate ; stigma a horse's lips.

obtuse.—Per. capsule flatted; seeds many. GILA'RUM (Bot.) vide Serpyllum.

Species. The single species is a shrub, as the Ginora GILD (Archæol.) from the Saxon zilben, to pay, signified americana.

properly a tribute or fine, but it was employed to denote | GI’NSENG (Bot.) the Panar of Linnæus. a company of men united together by certain laws and GIPING (Com.) a peculiar way of curing herrings, by taking orders agreed upon among themselves, so called because out the entrails. each paid his share towards its support.-Gild-ale, a drink- GIRA'FFA (Zool.) another name for the Cameleopard. ing match where each paid his club or share.--Gild-mer- GI'RASOL (Min.) a name for the Opal-stone. chant, a privilege by which merchants might hold pleas of GI'RDERS (Carpent.) the largest pieces of timber in floors, lands among themselves.-Gild-rents, rents payable to the whose ends are usually fastened into the summers, or crown by any gild or fraternity.

breast-summers, the joists being fixed to the girders. GI'LDA Mercatoria (Law) mercantile meetings, assemblies, GIRDING (Mar.) vide Girt. or corporate bodies.

GI'RDLE, Queen's (Polit.) an ancient tax or duty formerly GI'LEAD, Balm of (Bot.) the Amyris gileadensis of Lin imposed in France for the maintenance of the Queen's

household. GILL (Ich.) vide Gills.

GIRDLER (Com.) a maker of girdles. Gill (Bot.) vide Lamella.

GI'RDLERS, Company of (Her.) was incorpo-9 GI'LL-COVER (Ich.) the bony or cartilaginous substance rated in 1448. Their armorial ensigns are, as

1000) placed on the membrane which covers the gills.

in the annexed figure, “ Per fess azure and GILL-CREEP by the Ground (Bot.) the Glicoma hederacea, or, a pale counter charged, each piece of the or Ground-Ivy, of Linnæus.

first charged with a gridiron of the second.”

MERO GI'LLIFLOWER (Bot.) the Dianthus caryophyllus of Lin- Gl’RON (Her.) vide Gyron.

næus, a smaller kind of carnation.–Stock Gilliflower, the GIRTE (Mar.) girding, or girt, the situation of a ship when Cheiranthus maritimus, an annual.—Queen's Gilliflower, or her cable is so tight, or strained, that she cannot go over Dame's Violet, the Hesperis.

with her stern-port, but will lie across the tide.-Girt-line, GILLIFLOWER (Her.) this flower has occasionally been borne a rope passing through a single block on the head of the in coats of arms.

lower masts. 5

næus.

GIRTH (Mech.) the circumference of any thing, as the girth Cape, as the-Gladiolus communis, Common Corn Flag. of a piece of timber.

Gladiolus tubiflorus, Long tubed Corn Flag.-Gla. GIRTH (Man.) a leathern girdle buckled under a horse's belly. diolus plicatus, Hairy Corn Flag. - Gladiolus tristis, Girth (Print.) leather thongs belonging to the carriage of Square-stalked Corn Flag.-Gladiolus blandus, Blusha printing press, by which it is let in and out.

coloured Corn Flag. Dod. Pempt.; Bauh. Hist. ; GISA'RME (Mil.) a halbert or battle-axe, so called from Bauh. Pin. ; Ger. Herb.; Park. Theat.; Raii Hist.; bis arma, because it wounded on both sides.

Tourn. Inst.
TO GISE (Law) vide Agistage.

GLADIOLUS is also the Feraria undula of Linnæus.
GISEKIA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 5 Pentandria, || GLAIR (Nat.) the white of an egg:
Order 5 Pentagynia.

GLAIVE (Mil.) a weapon like a halberd.
Generic Character. Cal. perianth five-leaved.-Cor. none. GLAMA (Med.) yesu ce, the sordes of the eye in a lip-

-STAM. filaments five; anthers roundish.—Pist. germ pitude. superior ; style short; stigma blunt.-Per. capsules five; || GLAND (Anat.) glandula, an organ of the body, composed seeds ovate.

of blood vessels, nerves, and absorbents, destined for the Species. The single species is an annual, as the Gisekia secretion or alteration of some fuid. Glands, according pharnacioides, seu Koelreutera, Trailing Gisekia, native to their construction, are distinguished into, simple, comof the East Indies.

pound, conglobate, and conglomerate ; according to their GIST of action (Law) from the French gist, the cause for Auid contents, into mucous, sebaceous, lymphatic, salival,

which the action lieth, the ground and foundation thereof, and lachrymal. without which it is not maintainable.

GLA'NDAGE (Husband.) the same as mastage, or feeding GITHAGO (Bot.) the Agrostemma githago of Linnæus. on mast. GIVE (Mar.) a word employed in some sea phrases, as GLA'NDERS (Vet.) a virulent and contagious disease in

“ Give way," an order to a boat's crew to row after having horses, exhibiting itself by a mucal discharge from the ceased for a short time. Give way together," an order nostrils.

to keep rowing together. “ To give chase," to pursue. GLANDULA (Anat.) vide Gland. GI'VEN (Math.) an epithet for what is taken for granted in GLANDULA (Bol.) a gland or glandule, an excretory or sea problem.

cretory duct in plants. Glands are usually situated on the GIVING out (Mus.) a term used by organists for the pre leaves, petioles, peduncles, or stipules.

vious or preluding performance, by which the psalm tune | GLANDOLO'SUS (Bot.) full of glands ; an epithet for a leaf. about to be sung is given out to the congregation,

GLANS (Anat.) Sacharos, the nut of the Penis. Ruff. Ephes. GIULLA'RI (Mus.) singers and actors who were retained de Appell

. Part. Corp. hum. l. 1, c. 12. in the courts of princes and the houses of great.persons || GLANS (Med.) a strumous or scrophulous humour. in Tuscany, and other parts of Italy.

GLAREOLA (Orn.) Pratincole, a genus of birds, having GIU'STO (Mus.) Italian signifying steady, which is written the bill strong, short, and straight; feet four-toed; tail before movements that are to be performed in an equal and forked.

GLASS (Chem.) a factitious, brittle, and transparent body, GI'ZZARD (Orn.) the stomach of birds.

produced by the action of fire on sand mixed with GLABE'LLÀ (Anat.) pero puor, the space between the eye. a fixed salt, lead, &c. It is so called from the Low Latin

brows, so called on account of its smoothness or freedom glastum, the name of a plant called in the Greek ioktis, by from bair.

the Romans vitrum, in English, Woad, which produces a GLA'BER (Bot.)

smooth ; an epithet for a stem or leaf. dye of the colour of glass.-Glass of antimony, a vitreous GLABRA'RIA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 18 Polyadel sulphuretted oxide of antimony. phia, Order 3 Polyandria.

GLASS (Mar.) a common term for the telescope on board a Generic Character. Cal. perianth one-leaved.-Cor. pe vessel.-Night-glass, a telescope for viewing objects by tals five.-Stam. filaments thirty; anthers kidney-shaped. night.

-Pist. germ sub-globose; style filiform; stignia simple. Glass is also an instrument for measuring time. That in -Per, drupe juiceless; seeds oval.

common use is the Hour-glass, or Sand-glass; but there Species. The single species is a tree, as the Glabraria are half-hour and quarter-hour, &c. glasses, which are contersa, seu Lignum leve, native of the East Indies.

monly used at sea. The term glass likewise stands for the GLACIERS (Geog.) a name given to the large ice-mountains duration of any action, as “ We fought yard-arm and in Switzerland.

yard-arm three glasses," i. e. three half-hours, or an hour GLA'CIS (Fort.) a gentle acclivity, or an easy sloping bank, and a half. “ To flog or sweat the glass," i. e. to turn it

but more especially that which ranges from the parapet of before the sand has quite run out, and thereby gaining a the Covered-way to the level on the side of the field. few minutes in each half hour, which makes the watch too GLADIATOR (Ant.) a fighter who contended in the am short.

phitheatre and other places for the amusement of the spec GLA'SSWORT (Bot.) the Salicornia of Linnæus. tators. Quintil. Declam. 302.

GLAUBERITE (Min.) a sort of spar found in New Castile, GLADIA'TUS (Bot.) sword-shaped ; an epithet for a silique, Spain. as in Cleome Arabica, Dolichos ensiformis, &c.

GLAUBER'S salt (Chem.) sal catharticus Glauberi, the former GLADIOLE (Bot.) vide Gladiolus.

name of a salt, now commonly called sulphate of soda, GLADIOLO accedens (Bot.) a species of the Xyris.

from the ingredients of which it is composed. GLADIOLUS (Bot.) gladiole ; a plant so called from the GLAUCI affinis (Bot.) a species of the Astragalus. sword-like shape of its leaf. Plin. l. 21, c. 11.

GLAUCISCUS (Ich.) a fish which being eaten in broth by GLADIOLUS, in the Linnean system, a genus of plants, Class 3 women breeds plenty of milk. Plin. 1. 32, c. 9. Triandria, Order 1 Monogynia.

GLAU'CIUM (Bot.) aúnior ; a low herb growing in Syria, Generic Character. Cal. a spathe.-Cor. petal one. near Jerusalem. Dioscor. I. 4, c. 100; Plin. l. 27, c. io. STAM. filaments three; anthers ovate.- Pist. germ in- GLAUCO'IDES (Bot.) the Peplis portula of Linnæus. ferior ; style filiform; stigmas three.- Per. capsule ovate; GLAU'COMA (Med.) vide Cataract.

GLAUCOʻPIS (Orn.) Wattle-Bird, a genus of birds having Species. The species are perennials, and natives of the a bill incurvate; nostrils depressed, half covered with a sub.

just time.

seeds many.

cartilaginous membrane; tongue fringed; feet walkers. Species. The species are annuals, as the Glinus lotoides, This bird inhabits New Zealand.

Alsine, seu Portulaca, Hairy Glinus, native of the South GLAUX (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 5 Pentandria, Order 1 of Europe, &c. Monogynia.

Glinus is also the Aizoon glinus of Linnæus. Generic Character. Cal. perianth none.-Cor. petal one. GLI'RES (Zool.) an order of animals under the Class Mam

-Stam. filaments five; anthers roundish.—Pist. germ malia, having two foreteeth in each jaw, and no tusks. ovate; style filiform; stigma capitate.-Per. capsule glo [vide Animal Kingdom) bular; seeds five.

GLI'SCERE (Med.) to increase gradually; a term applied Species.. The single species is a perennial, as the Glaux by physical writers to the natural heat and increase of

maritima, seu Alsini, Sea Milkwort, or Black Saltwort. spirits; as also to the exacerbation of fevers which return Glaux is also the Andrachne Telephoides of Linnæus.

periodically. GLAVEA (Archæol.) a javelin or hand-dart.

GLISCHROCOLOS (Med.) yao xpózonos; an epithet for GLAʼZIERS, Company of (Her.) was incor

medicines that are viscid, and at the same time bilious. porated in the reign of Elizabeth. Their ar

GLISOMA'RGO (Min.) white chalk. morial ensigns are, “ Argent two grossing

GLIST (Min.) an English name for the Mica, an argillaceous irons saltierwise between four closing nails

earth. sable, on a chief gules a lion of England.”

GLO'BBA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 2 Diandria, Order 1 GLEBE (Chem.) a sort of sulphur used by

Monogynia. fullers.

Generic Character. Cal. perianth superior.-Cor. cylinGLE'BE-LAND (Law) that land, meadow or pasture, which dric.-STAM. filaments two; anthers fastened to the fila

belongs to a parsonage beside the tithes. New Nai. Brev. ments.-Pist. germ inferior ; style bristle-shaped ; stigma 386; Woods. Inst. 163.

sharp.-Per. capsule roundish; seeds many. GLECHO'MA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 14 Didynamia, Species. The species are, the-Globba marantina, native Order 1 Gymnosperma.

of the East Indies.-Globba japonica, native of Japan, &c. Generic Character. Cal. perianth one-leaved. Cor. one-|| GLOBE (Astron.) a round solid body which is made to re

petalled.-STAM. filaments four.–Pist. germ four-cleft; present the earth or the heavens ; when the former, it is

style filiform; stigma bifid.- Per. none; seeds four. called the terrestrial; when the latter, the celestial globe. Species. The single species is a perennial, namely, the [vide Astronomy]

Glechoma hederacea, Calamintha, Chamcclema, Chamce- GLOBE-A'MARINTH (Bot.) the Gomphrena of Linnæus. cissus, seu Hedera, Ground Ivy.

-Globe Flower, the Trollius, a perennial.-Globe Thistle, GLE'CHON (Bot.) yanxan, Penny-royal.

the Echinops. GLECHONI'TES (Med.) yanxoritus; an epithet for wine im- GLOBOʻSUS (Bot.) globular, spherical; an epithet for a pregnated with penny-royal. Dioscor. 1. 5.

root, a corolla, a head, a germ, and also for seeds. GLEČOʻMA (Bot.) another name for the Glechoma.

GLO'BULAR (Bot.) vide Globosus. GLEDE (Archæol.) a hot ember.

GLOBUL A'RIÀ (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 4 Tetran:GLEDI'TSIA (Bot.) a genus of plants so called from

dria, Order 1 Monogynia. Gottlieb Gleditsh, of Leipsic, Class 23 Polygamia, Order 2 Generic Character. Cal. perianth common.-Cor. uni. Dioecia.

versal.—Stam. filaments four; anthers distinct.-Pist. Generic Character. Cal. perianth proper.-Cor. petals germ ovate; style simple; stigma obtuse.-Per. none; three.--Stam. filaments six ; anthers twin.-Pist, germ

seed solitary; receptacle common. broad; style short; stigma thick.- Per. legume large; Species. The species are perennials, as the-Globularia seeds solitary.

longifolia, seu Alypum, Long-leaved Globularia, native Species. The single species is a tree, as the Gleditsia of Madeira.-Globularia alypum, seu Thymelea, Three

triacanthos, Three-horned Acacia, native of America. tooth-leaved Globularia, native of the South of Europe. GLEE (Mus.) a vocal composition of three or more parts,

--Globularia vulgaris, seu Aphyllantes, Common Globuand generally consisting of more than one movement. It laria, or Blue Daisy.-Globularia cordifolia, seu Bellis, was originally used for convivial purposes.

Wedge-leaved Globularia, native of Switzerland. J. GLEEK (Mus.) a Scottish term for a musician.

Bauh. Hist.; C. Bauh. Pin.; Ger. Herb. ; Park. Theat. GLEET Med.) a purulent matter issuing from an ulcer; a Bot. ; Raii Hist. ; Tourn. Inst. venereal discharge.

GLOBULARIA is also the Protea argentea. GLE'NE (Anat.) yaýon, the cavity or socket of the eye; also GLOBULES (Nat.) or globulets, little globes or round bo

the socket or hollow of a bone that receives another. Ruff dies which are particularly observable in fluids. Ephes. de Appell. Part. Corp. hum. I. 1, c. 5.

GLO'BULUS Nasi (Anat.) the lower gristly part of the GLÉNOI'DES (Anat.) a name for two cavities in the lower part of the vertebræ of the neck.

GLOCHIDION (Bot.) the Bradleja glochidion of Linnæus, GLEUCI'NUM (Med.) an ointment in which must was an a shrub. ingredient.

GLO'CHIS (Bot.) the point of the pubes of plants. GLEU'COS (Nat.) the unfermented juice of the grape. GLOMERATE (Anat.) an epithet for å gland formed of a GLE'UXIS (Med.) varūkıs, wine having a considerable quan conglomeration of sanguineous vessels, having no cavity, tity of sapa or defrutum mixed with it.

but furnished with an excretory duct, as the lachrymal GLIDING (Her.) an epithet for serpents, snakes, or adders and mammary glands. when moving forwards fess-wise.

GLOMERA'TUŠ (Bot.) from glomus, a clue of yarn or GLIMMERCHAFER (Ent.) another name for the Glow thread; an epithet that signifies growing together in a glo

bular form, in application to the spike and pannicle; spica GLI’NUS (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 11 Dodecandria, glomerata, a spike having the spikelets variously heaped Order 5 Pentagynia...

together; panicula glomerata, a glomerate panicle having Generic Character. Cal. perianth five-leaved.-Cor, none. the flowers heaped pretty close together, as in Poa ciliaris,

-STAM. filaments fifteen; anthers erect.-Pist. germ Dactylis glomerata, &c. superior; styles five; stigma simple. Per. capsule ovate; || GLORIA PATRI (Ecc.) a formulary in the liturgy, called

also the doxology. VOL. II.

nose.

worm,

seeds many

D

« ForrigeFortsett »