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GLORIO'SA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 6 Hexandria, GLOW-WORM (Ent.) a well-known insect that shines in Order 1 Monogynia.
the dark, the Lampyris noctiluca of Linnæus. The female Generic Character. CAL. none.-Cor. pelals six.-STAM. is larger than the male, and emits a beautiful phosphoric
filaments six ; anthers incumbent.-Pist. germ globular; light, for the purpose (as is supposed) of attracting style filiform; stigma obtuse.-PER. capsule oval; seeds him. several.
GLOXI'NIA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 14 Didynamia, Species. The two species are perennials, as the Gloriosa Order 2 Angiospermia.
superba, Methonica, Lilium, seu Mendoni, Superb Lily, Generic Character. Cal. perianth superior.-Cor. mono
native of the East Indies.-Gloriosa simplex. Tourn. Inst. petalous.-STAM. filaments four ; anthers ovate.Pist. GLORY (Paint.) a Nimbus ; those beams of light commonly germ ovate; style filiform; stigma capitate.--Per. capdrawn round the head of our Saviour, or of Saints, &c.
sule one-celled; seeds numerous. GLOSS (Lit.) a comment or exposition.
Species. The single species is a perennial, as the Gloxinia GLOSSAGRA (Med.) from yõrra, the tongue, and bypas, a maculata, seu Martynia, Spotted Gloxinia, native of seizure ; a rheumatic pain in the head.
South America. GLOSSARY (Lit.) from gloser, to comment; a small GLUCINE (Min.) a newly discovered earth, which is pro
dictionary, or a vocabulary, that serves to explain the cured by reducing the beryl or emerald to a powder, and obscure or antiquated words of a particular work of a fusing it with three times its weight of potash. whole language.
GLUE (Chem.) an animal substance. [vide Gluten) ] GLOSSO (Anat.) from ya@ora, the tongue; a word which || GLUMÀ (Bot.) from you@w, to scrape, and glubo, to peel is used in composition for muscles, nerves, or vessels,
off the skin or bark; the husk or chaff of corn and grasses belonging to the tongue, as the Glosso-pharyngeus, the which encloses the seed. Varr. de Re Rust. l. 1, c. 118. constrictor pharingeus superior, &c. Glosso-pharyngeal GLUMA, the Glume is now defined to be the calyx or nerves, the ninth pair of nerves.
corolla of corn and grasses, which is composed of valves, GLOSSOCATOCHOS (Surg.) γλωσσοκάτοχος, from γλώσσα, and embraces the seed. It is distinguished according to
the tongue, and xatixw, to hold down; an instrument for the number of valves, into colorata, coloured, or of any depressing the tongue. Paul. Æginet. 1. 6, c. 30).
other colour than green ; glabra, smooth ; hispida, rough, GLOSSOCELE (Med.) from ya@rru, the tongue, and xhan, with hairs. a tumour ; an extrusion of the tongue.
GLUMO'SUS (Bot.) an epithet for a flower : flos glumosus GLOSSO'COMA (Med.) a retraction of the tongue.
is a kind of aggregate flower, having a filiform receptacle GLOSSO'COMON (Surg.) yaoooóxopor, an instrument for with a common glume at the base, as in Corn, Grasses, containing a fractured leg. Orib. de Machin. 1. 7.
Scirpus, Cyperus, &c. GLOSSOGRA'PHY (Lit.) the art of writing comments. GLUTA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 5 Pentandria, GLO'SSOMA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 4 Tetrandria,
Order 1 Monogynia. Order 1 Monogynia,
Generic Character. CAL. perianth one-leaved.--Cor. peGeneric Character. Cal. perianth one-leaved.-Cor. pe tals five ; anthers roundish.—Pist. germ ovate; style
tals four.-Stam. filaments four; anthers oblong.- Pist, filiform; stigmas capitate.- Per. capsule one-celled; germ inferior; style filiform; stigmas four.-Per. drupeshaped ; seed single.
Species. The single species is a tree, as the Gluta benghas, Species. The single species is a shrub, as the Glossoma native of Java. guianensis, seu Votomita, native of Guiana.
GLUTÆUS (Anat.) the name of three muscles belonging GLOSSOPETALUM (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 5 to the buttocks, namely, the maximus, medius, and miPentandria, Order 5 Pentagynia.
nimus. Generic Character. Cal. perianth one-leaved.-COR. | GLU'TEN (Chem.) i. e. geluten, an adhesive substance ex
petals five.-STAM. filaments five; anthers roundish. tracted from animal and vegetable bodies ; so called Pist. germ roundish; style none; stigmas five.-Per, because, gelatur, it is congealed or concreted.-- Animal berry roundish ; seeds five.
Gluten, known by the common name of Glue, and in Greek Species. The two species are trees, as the-Glossopetalum xóance, is a constituent part of the fibres of all solid subglabrum, seu Coupia, and Glossopetalum hirsutum, natives stances in the animal body.-Vegetable gluten, which is of Guiana.
also simply called gluten, is a tenacious, ductile, and elastic GLOSSOPETRA (Min.) a precious stone, like a man's substance, forming a constituent part in wheat flour and
tongue. Plin. l. 37, c. 10; Solin. c. 37; Isidor. Orig. other vegetable bodies. 1. 16, c. 14.
GLU'TIA (Anat.) the nates of the brain. GLOSSOPHARY'NGÆI (Anat.) vide Glosso.
GLUTINANS (Med.) an epithet for a medicine which agGLOTTA (Anat.) the tongue.
glutinates. GLOTTIS (Anat.) raattis, the chink in the larynx through GLU'TOS (Anat.) the buttock. which the air passes into the arteria aspera.
GLUTTON (Zool.) a cunning voracious animal, larger and GLOTTIS (Mus.) an additional and moveable part of the slenderer than the Badger, the Ursus gulo of Linnæus. It
ancient Aute, which they placed between their lips in inhabits the northern parts of Europe, Asia, and America; performance, and which is supposed to have been similar preys on hares, mice, rein deer, carcases, and the like to our reed.
food; but seldom attacks man, except when pressed by GĽOVE SILVER (Archæol.) money given to servants to hunger. buy themselves gloves.
GLY'ČINE (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 17 Diadelphia, GLOVERS, Company of (Her.) were incorpo
Order 4 Decandria. rated in the reign of Charles I. They bear
Generic Character. Cal. perianth one-leaved.—Cor. paparty per fess, sable and argent, a pale coun.
pilionaceous. - Stam. filaments diadelphous; anthers ter-charged, on every piece of the first a ram
simple.-Pist. germ oblong; style cylindric; stigma saliant of the second.
obtuse.-Per. legume long; seeds kidneyform. GLOVERS'-STITCH (Surg.) a term used to
Species. The species are mostly perennial, as the-Glycine dénote the sewing the lips of a wound, after the manner of monoica, seu Phaseolus, Pale-flowered Glycine.Gly a glove.
cine tomentosa, seu Anonis, Downy Glycine.-Glycine
apios, seu Astragalus, Tuberous-rooted Glycine.-Gly hooks to seize upon the aquatic insects upon which it feeds. cine monophylla, Lens, seu Crotalaria, Simple-leaved The pupa is incurved and ovate, with respiratory tubes Glycine ; but the-Glycine subterrasea, Arachis, seu near the head. Mandubi, and the Glycine tribola, seu Dolichos, Three-GNATHOS (Anat.) gvádos, signifies sometimes the whole lobed Glycine, are annuals ; and the Glycine debilis is cheek, and sometimes only the lower part between the a biennial. Park. Theat.; Raii Hist.
angles of the eyes and ears. It is also taken for the jaw GLYCINE is also the Abrus precatorius.
or jaw-bones. GLYCONIAN VERSE (Poet.) a kind of verse which con GNEISS (Min.) German for the decomposed stone which sists of a spondee, choriambus, and pyrrhichius.
forms the walls of veins. It has been used by Werner for GLYCYRRHIZA (Bot.) yaurúppiça, from yauxùs, sweet, and a sort of rock that lies immediately over granite. pisos, a root; sweet root or liquorice, a plant so called from GNE'MON (Bot.) the Gnetum gnemon of Linnæus. the sweetness of its root. It is called, by Theophrastus, GNE'SION (Orn.) yrúrior, genuine ; an epithet for a species the Scythian root, and also śdoyos, because it removes of eagle; signifying the real eagle. hunger and thirst. Theophrast. Hist. Plant. 1. 9, c. 13; | GNE'TUM (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 21 Monoecia, Dioscor. l. 3, c. 7; Plin. 1. 21, c. 15; Oribas. Med. Collect.
Order 8 Monadelphia. 1. 11; Aet. Tetrab. 1, serm. 1.
Generic Character. Cal. scale torn.Cor. none.-STAM. GLYCYRRHIZA, in the Linnean system, a genus of plants, filaments single; anthers single.--Pist. germ ovate ; Class 17 Diadelphia, Order 4 Decandria.
style conic; stigma acute.- Per. drupe ovate; seed Generic Character. CAL. perianth one-leaved. — CoR. oblong.
papilionaceous.-Stam. filaments diadelphous; anthers Species. The single species is the Gnetum gnemon, native simple.—Pist. germ short; style subulate; stigma ob of the East Indies. tuse.-Per. legume ovate ; seeds few.
GNO'MA (Rhet.) yrájen, a sentence or sentiment which Species. The species are perennials, as the-Glycyrrhiza Aristotle makes to be a part of the enthymem. Aristot. echinata, seu Dulcis radix, Prickly-headed Liquorice, Rhet. 1. 2, 2, c. 20, &c.; Quintil. I. 8, c. 5. native of Gargano.—Glycyrrhiza glabra, Common Li- || GNOMON (Diall.) the stile, pin, or cock of the dial, the quorice.-Glycyrrhiza hirsuta, Hairy Liquorice. Dod. shadow of which points out the hour. Pemp.; Bauh. Hist.; Bauh. Pin.; Ger. Herb.; Park. || Gnomon. (Astron.) an instrument or apparatus for measuring Theat. Bot.; Raii Hist.; Tourn. Inst.
the altitudes, declinations, &c. of the sun and stars. The GLYM (Archæol.) a valley or dale.
gnomon is usually a pillar, column, or pyramid, erected GLYSANCON (Bot.) a species of southernwood.
upon level ground or a pavement. The meridian height of GMELI'NA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 14 Didynamia, the sun may be found by this instrument in the following Order 2 Angiospermia.
manner, supposing A C to be the gnomon, Generic Character. CAL. perianth one-leaved.-Cor. one A B the shadow, C B part of a ray drawn
petalled.--Stam. filaments four; anthers simple.-Pist. from the centre of the sun, passing by germ roundish; style the length of the smaller stamens ; the top of the guomon and terminating
stigma simple.- Per. drupe ovate; seed nut ovate. the shadow. These lines form the right Species. The single species is a tree, as the Gmelina Asi angled triangle B A C, of which the two atica, Lycium, seu Michelia.
legs, A B and AC, may be supposed to GNAPHA’LIO affinis (Bot.) the Gnaphalium sanguineum of be given ; then having the two sides, and one of the Linnæus.
angles, namely, the right angle A, the angles at B and C GNAPHA'LIUM (Bot.) grapeamer, a plant, so called from are easily found by the rules of Trigonometry, the former
its downy leaves, which were used instead of cotton and of which gives the sun's meridian, altitude, and latitude of flax. It was reckoned detersive, exsiccative, and astrin
the place. gent. Dioscor. l. 3, c. 132; Plin. 1. 27, c. 10; Gal. de GNOMON (Geom.) a figure formed by the two complements Simpl. 1. 6.
with either of the parallelograms about the diameter. [vide GNAPHALIUM, in the Linnean system, a genus of plants, Geometry]
Class 19 Syngenesia, Order 2 Polygamia Superflua. GNOMO'NÍC projection of the sphere (Math.) the repreGeneric Character. Cal. common.-Cor. compound. sentation of the circles of an hemisphere on a plane touch
STAM. filaments five; anthers cylindric.—Pist. germ ing it in the vertex, by the eye in the centre, or by lines ovate ; style filiform; stigmas bifid.-Per. none ; seeds or rays issuing from the centre of the hemisphere to all the oblong.
points in the surface. Species. The species are shrubs, perennials, and annuals. GNOMONICS (Dial.) another term for Dialling. The following are the principal shrubs, namely, the-||GNO'SIMACHI (Ecc.) from grãoss, knowledge, and pexoGnaphalium eximum, seu Eliocrysum.-Gnaphalium arbo pools, to contend against; a sect of heretics who were proreum, seu Anaseton, Tree Everlasting.-Gnaphalium mu fessed enemies to all study and acquired knowledge in ricatum, Argyrocome, Xeranthemum, Gnaphaloides, seu matters of divinity. Lychnis.-Gnaphalium Stoechas, Common Shrubby Ever GNO'STICS (Ecc.) a name given to the first heretics in the lasting, &c. The following are the principal perennials, Christian Church who assumed to themselves an extranamely, the--Gnaphalium cymosum, Branching Everlast ordinary share of paris, knowledge. They afterwards ing-Gnaphalium crispum, Curled Everlasting: -Gna branched out into a variety of sects, differing only in the phalium margaritaceum, American Everlasting. The fol degree of absurdity and impiety. lowing are the principal annuals, namely, the---Gnapha- || GNŮ (Zool.) a particular kind of antelope, the Antilope gnu lium luteo album, Jersey Everlasting: -Gnaphalium un of Linnæus, having horns bent forward at the base, and dulatum, Waved Everlasting. Clus. Hist.; Dod. Pempt.; backwards in the middle; the neck maned; and tail being Bauh. Hist.; Bauh. Pin.; Ger. Herb.; Park. Theat.; of a dirty white colour. Raii Hist.; Tourn. Inst.
GOA (Bot.) a large fig-tree in Asia. GNAT (Ent.) a well-known insect, the Culex of Linnæus, || GOAD (Mech.) a staff pointed with sharp iron to drive cattle
which lives by sucking the blood of larger animals. The with, particularly oxen. larva resides in stagnant waters, and has a small cylindrical | GO'ARING (Mar.) is said of a sail which is cut gradually respiratory tube near the tail. The head is armed with sloping, so as to be broader at the clew than at the earing.
GOAT (Numis.) vide Capra.
[vide Chronology] It was called the golden number beGoat (Zool.) a well known animal, the Capra of Linnæus, cause it was formerly written in letters of gold.
which is fond of dry rocky situations, and feeds on aro GO'LDEN ROD (Bot.) the Solidago of Linnæus. The matic vegetables. The varieties of the common goat con
Golden Rods are natives of North America, except two sist principally in the horns, as the African Goat, which species, which are found in Europe. has short horns; the Syrian Goat, with reclined horns ; || GO'LDEN RULE (Arith.) a name usually given to the and the Whidaw Goat, with erect horns. The Angora Rule of Proportion, or Rule of Three. Goat has, by a local peculiarity, long, soft, and silky Golden sulphur of Antimony (Chem.) a medicine made of hair.
the Regulus of antimony. GOA'T-SUCKER (Orn.) the Caprimulgus of Linnæus, a GOʻLDEN TREE (Bot.) the Bosea Yervamora of Linnæus.
bird so called because it was supposed to suck the teats of GO'LD-FINCH (Orn.) a beautiful kind of finch, the Fringoats.
gilla carduelis of Linnæus, the black quill feathers of which Goat (Her.) in blazon this animal is said to be either are marked with fine yellow in the middle. This bird
courant, passant, or saliant, unguled, &c. It is either borne sings charmingly, and is very docile; builds on apple or
whole, or in part, the head being a frequent bearing: pear-trees, and lays five eggs. GOAT'S Beard (Bot.) the Tragopogon of Linnæus.-Goat's GO'LDFINNY (Ich.) a fish inhabiting the Cornish coasts,
Rue, the Galega officinalis, a perennial.-Goat's Thorn, that is about a palm long; a species of the Labrus of the Astragalus galega formis.
Order, having the head small; eyes approximate; body | GO'LDSMITHS, Company of (Her.) were in.
armorial ensigns are « Gules, a leopard's head GO'BRET (Mech.) a large drinking vessel, commonly of a or, quartered with azure," a covered cup beround form.
tween two bucklers of the third. GO'BY (Ich.) a sort of sea-fish, the Gobius of Linnæus, GO'LPES (Her.) little roundlets of a purple
which lies chiefly under stones, and sticks firmly to the colour. rocks by its funnel-shaped ventral fins.
GOME (Mech.) the black and oily grease of a cart-wheel. GO‘D-BOTE (Law) an ecclesiastical or church fine paid GO'MER (Ant.) vide Homer. for crimes and offences committed against God.
GOMO’ZIÀ (Bot.) the Nerteria depressa of Linnæus. GO'D-PATHER (Ecc.) a man who stands sponsor for a child || GO'MPHIA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 10 Decandria, in baptism,
Order 1 Monogynia. GO'D-GILD (Ecc.) that which is offered to God, or his Generic Character. Cal. perianth five-leaved.-Cor. petals service.
five.Stam. filaments ten; anthers upright.-Pist. germ GO'D-MOTHER (Ecc.) a woman who stands sponsor
for five-cleft; style longer than the stamens; stigma sharp. child in baptism.
- Per. berry ovate; seeds ovate. GO'DWIT (Orn.) a bird of the snipe tribe, the Scolopax Species. The species are trees, as the-Gomphia angustiLapponicus, agocephala, &c. of Linnæus.
folia, Meesia, seu Walkera, native of the East Indies. GO'GGLES (Mech.) glasses usually worn in warm countries Gomphia nitida, seu Ochna, native of the West to defend the eyes from the heat and the dust.
Indies. GO'ING to the vault (Sport.) a phrase applied to a hare that GOMPHIASIS (Med.) you piaris, a distemper of the teeth takes to the ground like a coney.
when they are loose in the sockets, and ready to drop out. Going up the Form (Print.) a term among the pressmen
Dioscor. l. 2, c. 63. for beating the form with the ink-balls from the hither to GOMPHIOI (Anat.) you dios, the Dentes molares. the farther side.
GOMPHOMA (Anat.) or gomphosis, wóp wois, a mode of GO'LA (Archit.) the same as the Cymalium.
articulation by which one bone is fastened into another GOʻLADER (Mil.) or Goldar, an Indian term signifying a like a nail, as the teeth in the socket. storehouse-keeper.
GOMPHO'SIS (Anat.) vide Gomphoma. GOLANDAU'SĖ (Mil.) an Indian term for an artillery- || GOMPHRENA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 5 Pen-. man belonging to the native artillery in India.
tandria, Order 2 Digynia. GOLD (Min.) aurum, the richest and heaviest of all metals, Generic Character. Cal. perianth coloured.-Cor. petals
except Platina. The reader will observe, that under the five.-STAM. filaments five; anthers upright.-Pist. germ head of aurum the comparative gravities of gold and pla ovate; style filiform; stigma simple.- Per. capsule roundtina are not mentioned. (vide Aurum] The ductility and ish; seed single. malleability of gold is such, that one grain of it will cover Species. The species are mostly annuals, as the Gom564 square inches; and an ounce of gold upon silver wire phrena globosa, Amarantho-Flos, seu Wadapu, native of is capable of being extended more than 1300 miles in India.-Gomphrena hispida, seu Min-angana, native of length. Gold is generally found in beds of quartz, sand Malabar.-Gomphrena interrupta, seu Celosia, native of stone, silicious schistus, &c. also in many rivers in minute Jamaica; but the Gomphrena perennis, seu Amaranand irregular grains, when it is called Gold dust.
thoides, Perennial Globe Amaranth, and the Gomphrena GOLD OF PLEASURE (Bot.) the Myagrum of Linnæus. serrala, are perennials. Tourn. Inst. GO'LDEN EYE (Orn.) a bird of the duck tribe, the Anas Gomphrena is also the name of the Illecebrum polygoclangula of Linnæus.
noides, &c. GO'LDEN FLEECE (Numis.) vide Vellus.
GONA'GRE (Med.) yordypa, a gout in the knee. Golden Fleece (Her.) vide Fleece.
GONATOCARPUS (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 4 TeGO'LDEN FLOWER (Bot.) the Chrysanthemum of Linnæus. trandria, Order 1 Monogynia. GO'LDEN FLY (Ent.) an insect so called from its gilt Generic Character. Cal, none.-Cor. four-cleft.-STAM.
body, which is generally found in the holes of old walls, filaments four.–Pist. germ inferior; style single.-PER. the Chrysis of Linnæus.
drupe subglobular; seeds single. GO'LDEŃ NUMBER (Chron.) a number reckoned from 1 Species. The single species is an annual, as the Gonatoto 19, showing what year in the lunar cycle any given year is.
GONDOLA (Mar.) a sort of Venetian pleasure barge va domestic breed. — Bean Goose, the Anas segetum, so called riously ornamented.
because its bill resembles the shape of the bean.-Bernacle GONDOLI'ER (Mar.) a man who works or navigates a Goose, the Anas erythropus, was formerly called the Treegondola.
Goose, because it was supposed to be bred out of the GÖ'NE (Med.) yoris, the semen ; also, according to Hippo bottoms of ships.-Brent Goose, the Anas bernicla, is infecrates, the first stage of gestation. Hippocrat. de Puer,
rior in size to the former. GONE out a Head (Mar.) is said of a ship under sail, that Goose (Mech.) the iron used by tailors for pressing seams. has passed before the head of another.
GOO'SEBERRY (Bot.) the well-known fruit of the bush or GONFALON (Mil.) or Gonfannon, a banner carried in the shrub which is classed by Linnæus under the Ribes. Pope's army:
GOO'SE-BILL (Surg.) a surgeon's instrument. GONFA'NNON (Her.) was a common charge
GOO'SE-FOOT (Bot.) the Chenopodium of Linnæus. in armorial bearings abroad, being borne by
GOO'SE-GRASS (Bot.) the Galium Aperine of Linnæus.Gonfaloniers, i. e. standard-bearers to the
Great Goose-Grass, the Asperugo procumbens, annual. church, as « Field or, a gonfannon gules,
Goose-Tongue, the Achillea Ptarmica. edged or fringed vert,” as in the annexed
Goose Neck (Mar.) a sort of iron hook fitted on the inner figure. These were the arms of the counts of
end of a boom.-Goose Wings, the clews or lower corners Auvergne.
of a ship's main-sail or fore-sail when the middle part is GONG (Mus.) a Chinese instrument of the pulsatile kind, furled or tied up to the yard. the form of which is a shallow, circular concave.
GORCE (Archæol.) a pool of water to keep fish in ; also a GO'NGYLIS (Bot.) the root of the turnip.
stop in a river, as mills, dams, &c. GONIOME'TRY (Math.) a method of measuring angles. GO'RDIAN KNOT (Ant.) vide Nodus. GONIO'SIS (Med.) yavimais, a sort of pulse so named, be- GO'RDIUS (Ent.) Hair-Worm; a genus of animals of the 'cause it does not strike with the whole circle of the artery, Class Vermes, Order Intestina, having a round, smooth, but only with an angle of it.
filiform body, GONOIDES (Med.) yorotidis, from yon, seed, and lidos, a GORDO'NIA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 16 Mona
likeness; an epithet applied frequently by Hippocrates to delphia, Order 8 Polyandria. the excrements of the belly, or the contents of the urine, Generic Character. Cal.perianth double.--COR. petals five.-when they resemble the seminal matter.
STAM.filaments numerous; anthers oval--Prst germovate; GONORRHEA (Med.) yeroporc, from yorn, the semen, and style short; stigmas five.-Per.capsule ovate; seeds two.
pów, to flow; an involuntary efflux of the seminal matter, Species. The species are shrubs, as the-Gordonia Lasioccasioned mostly by a venereal taint. Aret. de diut. Morb. anthus, Hypericum, Hibiscus, seu Alcea, native of North !. 2, c. 11 ; Gal. Def. Med.; Aet. Meth. Med. 1. 2, c. 2.
America. -Gordonia Franklini, seu Franklina, native GONORRHEA is now the name of a genus of diseases, Class
of Georgia. Locales, Order Apocenoses, in Cullen's Nosology.
GORE (Archæol.) a small, narrow slip of ground. GOOD Bearing (Law) Bonus Gestus, an exact carriage GORE (Her.) one of the abatements in coat-armour. [vide
or behaviour of a subject towards the King and the people. Abatement] Stat. Ed. 3, c. 1; Lamb. Eirin. l. 2, c. 2.-Surety for Good || GORES (Mar.) the cut slopewise at one or both ends of Behaviour is the same as surety for the peace, and similar such cloth as widen or increase the depth of a sail. to the preceding.—Good country, a jury of good country. GORGE (Archit.) that part between the chambranle and men or neighbours.
the crowning of the mantle. GOOD HENRY (Bot.) the Chenopodium bonus Henricus GORGE (Fort.) the entrance of a bastion, ravelin, or other of Linnæus.
outwork.-Gorge of a flat bastion, a right line which bounds GOODENIA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 5 Pentandria, the distance comprehended between the two flanks of a Order 1 Monogynia.
half-moon.-Gorge of a ravelin, the space contained beGeneric Character. Cal. perianth five-leaved.Cor. one tween the two ends of the faces next the place.-Gorge of
petalled.—Stam. filaments five; anthers linear.–Pist. the outworks, the space between their wings or sides next germ inferior; style simple; stigma cupshaped. — Per. the great ditch. capsule two-celled; seeds several.
GORGE (Her.) another name for a water bouget. Species. The species are perennials, as the - Goodenia GOʻRGÈD (Her.) an epithet for a lion, swan, &c. having a
ovata, Ovate Yellow Goodenia.-Goodenia albida, White crown, or coronet, represented about its neck. flowered Goodenia.-Goodenia paniculata, Panicled yel- | GO'RGÉT (Mil.) a piece of armour round the neck; the low Goodenia, &c.
origin of that ornament so called which officers now wear GOODGEONS (Mar.) or Braces, certain clamps of iron, when on duty.
or other metal, bolted on the stern-post of a ship, to hang | GOʻRING (Mar.) vide Goaring. the rudder on.
GORTE'RIA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 19 Syngenesia, GOODS (Law) the valuables of which a man is possessed, Order 3 Polygamia Frustranea.
of which there are different kinds, as adventitious goods, Generic Character. Cal. common.-Cor. compound. -such as arise otherwise than by succession; dotal goods, STAM. filaments five; anthers tubular.–Pist. germ vilthose which accrue for a dowry; vacant goods, those Tose; style filiform; stigma none.—PER. calyx unchanged; abandoned or left at large.
seeds solitary. GOODS and Chattels (Law) vide Chattels.
Species. The species are mostly shrubs, as the-Gorteria GOOLE (Archæol.) a breach in a sea-bank or wall; a pas rigens, Great-Flowered Gorteria.-Gorteria squarroša, sage worn by the flux and reflux of the sea.
Aster, seu Xeranthemum, Gorteria ciliaris, Carlina, GOOSA'NDER (Orn.) a water-bird, the size of a goose, the Carduus, seu Aculeosa.—Gorteria herbacea, seu Rohrin, Mergus imperialis of Linnæus.
Herbaceous Gorteria. But the-Gorteria personata, seu GOOSE (Orn.) a well-known domestic fowl, which exists in a Jacea, Annual Gorteria ; and the Gorteria, echinata,
wild as well as a tame state. The principal kinds of geese Prickly-Gorteria, are annuals. are—the Grey-Lay Goose, or common wild goose, the Anas Gorteria is also the Atractylis Rohria of Linnæus. anser of Linnæus, which is the largest of the British spe- GORTI'NIANS (Ecc.) a sect in America much resembling cies; being very easily tamed, it is the origin of the present our quakers.
GORZ (Bot.) or Gorse; the Ulex europæus.
GOWLAN'S locker (Bot.) the Trollius europæus of Linnæus. GO'SHAWK (Orn.) that species of the hawk which was GOWRIE (Conch.) vide Cowry. formerly most used in falconry, the Falco palumbarius of GRABATA'RII (Ecc.) from ypáßatos
, a hanging bed or Linnæus.
couch; such persons as anciently deferred receiving the GO'SPEL (Bib.) from the Saxon Lodspell, i. e. God's sacrament till they were supposed to be on their death-bed.
Word; a title given more especially to the four books of || GRACE (Theol.) the free gift of God to man, without rethe New Testament; namely, St. Matthew, Mark, Luke, spect to his merits, but not without respect to his actions. and John.
GRACE (Polit.) the title of address to a duke, signifying as GOSPELLER (Ecc.) one who reads the Gospel in a cathedral much as your goodness. church.
Grace, Days of (Com.) three days allowed for the payGOSSAMPINUS (Bot.) a tree in the East Indies which ment of a bill of exchange after it has fallen due. produces wool or cotton.
Grace, Act of (Law) an act of Parliament for the relief of GOSSI'PION (Bot.) vide Gossypium.
insolvent debtors in prison, &c. GO'SSOMER (Nat.) a thin cobweb.
GRACES reversionary (Ecc.) benefices disposed of before GOSSY'PIUM (Bot.) or Gossipion, according to Pliny, in they become vacant.
Greek Gúrov, the Cotton-Tree; a tree that bears cotton or GRACE Note (Mus.) any note added to a composition as a bombast. Plin. 1. 19, c. 1.
decoration or improvement. Gossypium, in the Linnean system, a genus of plants, Class || GRACILIS (Anat.) an epithet for a muscle of the leg, 16 Monadelphia, Order 8 Polyandria.
rising by a broad thin tendon from the os pubis, the office Generic Character. Cal. perianth double.-Cor. petals of which is to bend the leg and thigh inwards.
five.-STAM. filaments numerous; anthers kidney-form. GRACULA (Orn.) Grakle, a genus of birds, of the Order -Pist. germ roundish; style columnar; stigmas three. Picæ, having the bill convex, sharp edged ; tongue entire ; - Per. capsule roundish ; seeds oval.
feet formed for walking. This is not an inhabitant of Europe. Species. The species are shrubs, as the-Gossypium her-GRADATION (Archit.) an artful disposition of several baceum, seu Xylon, Common Cotton, native of the parts, as it were, by steps or degrees. East Indies. - Gossypium arboreum, seu Cudupariti, GRADATION (Chem.) a process by which metals are gradually Tree Cotton, native of the East Indies.- Gossypium raised to a still higher degree of purity, &c. barbadense, Barbadoes Cotton Tree. Bauh. Hist.; || GRADATION (Log.) an argumentation, consisting of four or Bauh. Pin.; Raii Hist. ; Tourn. Inst.
more propositions, so disposed that the attribute of the Gossypium is also the Bombax pentandrum.
first is the subject of the second, and the attribute of the GOTHIC (Archit.) an epithet for a style of architecture, second the subject of the third, and so on.
the principal characteristic of which is the pointed arch. || GRADO (Mus.) Italian for degree, which, with the pre[vide Architecture)
position di, is applied to the notes of any passage moving GOUA'NIA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 23 Polygamia, by conjoint intervals. Order 1 Monoecia.
GRADIENT (Her.) an epithet for a tortoise walking. Generic Character. CAL. perianth one-leaved.—Cor. none. | GRADUAL Psalms (Theol.) fifteen psalms, from the 118th
-Stam. filaments five; anthers roundish.—Pist. germ or 119th to the 134th, which were anciently sung by the inferior; style subulate; stigma obtuse.--Per. fruit dry; Levites as they went up the fifteen steps of the temple, i.e. seeds three parts of the fruit.
a psalm on each step. Species. The single species is a shrub, as the-Gouania | GRADUATE (Lit.) one who has taken a degree in a dominigensis, Banisteria, Paulinia, seu Lupulus, native University of St. Domingo.
GRADUATED (Math.) an epithet for any thing divided GOVERNMENT (Polit.) the supreme authority of a coun into degrees, as the graduated edge of the brazen meridian.
try; the exercise of that authority in directing the affairs | GRADUATION (Math.) the dividing any thing into deof the state ; and also the persons exercising that autho grees. rity. The form of government differs according to the GRADUS (Lit.) the title of a prosodial dictionary, useful number and quality of the persons who are invested with in the composition of Latin verse. the authority; and is divided generally into Monarchy, || GRAFF (Hort.) or graft, the scion of a tree inserted or inwhere one reigns alone; Aristocracy, where the chiefs and grafted into another stock, to be nourished by its
sap. superiors of the people govern the state; and Democracy, || GRA'FFIUM (Archæol.) a register of deeds and evidences. when the state is governed by officers chosen by, and from GRAFT (Hort.) vide Graff: among the people at large.
GRAFTING (Hort.) the process of inserting a branch of GOUGĚ (Mech.) an instrument for boring holes.-Gouge one tree into the stock of another, so that it may receive
bit, a bit smaller than a centre bit, with a hollow edge at nourishment from it, while it retains its properties and its end like a gouge.
yields its own fruit. GOURD (Bot.) a plant nearly allied to the Cucumber, and GRAFTING Tool (Mech.) a kind of curved spade, made very
still nearer to the Melon, both being species of the same strong for the purpose of digging canals. genus, namely, the Cucurbita of Linnæus ; it is also the GRAFTING a rope (Mar.) the act of unlaying the two ends fruit of the Bottle Gourd. Cucurbita lagenaria is used in of it, placing the strands one within the other, and stopJamaica, and other places, for watercups.- Bitter Gourd ping them at the joining. is the Cucumis Colocynthis. [vide Coloquintida]-Sour | GRAÎN (Agric.) a general term for all sorts of seed-corn. Gourd, the Adamsonia.
GRAIN (Com.) abbreviated gr. the smallest weight used in GOU'RD-WORM (Conch.) an hermaphrodite oviparous sort England. It is the twentieth part of a scruple, and the
of worms, the Fasciola of Linnæus, which infest the intes twenty-fourth part of a pennyweight Troy. Supposing the tines and liver of animals.
value of a grain of gold to be 2d. that of silver is half a GOUT (Med.) a painful disease in the feet, legs, &c. [vide farthing Arthritis
GRAIN (Nat.) the direction in which the fibres of wood run, GO'UTWEED (Bot.) a perennial, the Ægopodium of Lin and also in which the lamina, or plates, of stones, run.
næus, which received its name from its supposed efficacy || GRAIN (Mech.) the figure or representation of grains on in curing the gout.
leather.-Grain-colour, the dye made from the cochineal.-