« ForrigeFortsett »
GREEN-SHANK (Orn.) a sort of snipe, the Scolopax || GRILL (Ich.) a very small fish. glottis of Linnæus.
GRI'NDERS (Anat.) the vulgar name for the Dentes molares, GREEN-SICKNESS (Med.) a disorder incident to girls. or large teeth, which particularly serve for grinding the (vide Chlorosis]
food in mastication. GREENWOOD (Bot.) the Genista tinctoria of Linnæus. GRI'NDLET (Archæol.) a small drain or ditch. GREGGIA (Bot.) the Myrtus Gregii of Linnæus.
GRINDLE-STONE (Min.) a kind of whitish gritty stone. GREGORIAN Style (Chron.) or Gregorian year, otherwise GRIND-STONE (Min.) a sort of sand-stone, the Arenarius
called the New Style; a new account of time according to cos in the Linnean system, which is principally used for the reformation of the Calendar made by Pope Gregory grinding stones. XIII. in 1582. [vide Chronology)-Gregorian Calendar, GRIND-STONE (Mech.) the stone on which the edge of steel the Calendar which was made according to the new or instruments is set, or sharpened. Gregorian style of computation.-Gregorian epocha, the GRINGOLLEE' (Her.) an epithet for a cross, period or point of time from which the Gregorian compu the ends of which turn round somewhat like tation took place.
the flooks of an anchor, as in the annexed GRENA'DE (Mil.) granade, or grenado, a little hollow figure.
globe of iron, &c. filled with powder, and fired by a fusee GRIPE of a ship (Mar.) the compass, or sharpat a touch-hole, when it flies into very many pieces. Some ness of her stern under water, especially togrenades are thrown out of a mortar; others, called hand wards the bottom of the stern, grenades, are thrown with the hand. They are principally Gripe Stick (Surg.) a stick used in cutting off an arm. used in annoying the besieging party.
To Grire (Mar.) in French étre ardent, is said of a ship GRENADIE'ŘS (Mil.) foot soldiers, who are distinguished when she runs her head too much into the wind.
from the rest not only by their dress, but by their stature, | GRIPES (Mar.) a machine formed of an assemblage of being always the tallest and stoutest men in the regiment, ropes, hooks, and dead eyes, used to secure the boats of a for which reason they are always the first to commence the ship on the deck at sea. attack.
GRISLE'A (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 8 Octandria, GREWIA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 20 Gynandria, Order 1 Monogynia. Order 7 Octandria.
Generic Character. CAL. perianth one-leaved. - Cor. petals Generic Character. Cal. perianth five-leaved.-Cor. petals four.–STAM. filaments eight; anthers simple. - Pist.
five.-Stam. filaments numerous ; anthers roundish.— germ superior; style filiform; stigma simple.—PER. capPist. germ roundish; style filiform; stigma four-cleft. sule globular; seeds many. Per. berry four-lobed; seeds solitary.
Species. The two species are, the Grislea secunda, native Species. The species are trees, as the-Grewia occidentalis, of South America.-Grislea tomentosa, seu Lathyrum, seu Ulmifolia, Elm-leaved Grewia.-Grewia populifolia, native of China. seu Chadara, Poplar-leaved Grewia.-Grewia asiatica, | GRIST (Husband.) corn ground, or fit for grinding. seu Micros, &c.
GRIT (Husband.) the coarse parts of meal. Grits, in the GREY (Orn.) a bird of the duck tribe, the Anas strepera plural, is the name for oats coarsely husked, or ground. of Linnæus.
GRIT (Min.) the smallest particles of sand which compose GREY-HOUND (Zool.) a well-known variety of the dog, dust.
having a long, slender, curved body, a tapering snout, of GROAT (Com.) a silver coin first struck in the reign of the size of a wolf.
Edward I. which was probably made in imitation of the GRI'AS (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 13 Polyandria, French
gross, that was so called because it was the largest Order 1 Monogynia.
silver money then in use; there being at that time no Generic Character. Cal. perianth one-leaved.—Cor. petals larger coins than pennies. The groat has since been used
four.--Stam. filaments numerous; anthers roundish. only as a money of account equal in value to four pence. Pist. germ depressed ; style none; stigma thickish.--PER. GROATS (Law) a vulgar name for the allowance to pri
drupe large; seeds nucleus scored with eight furrows. soners for debt, which was formerly 4d. a day. Species. The single species, the Grias cauliflora, Anchovy | GRO'CERS, Company of (Her.) were incorpoPear, is a tree.
rated in 1344 by the name of grocers, having GRICE (Her.) a term in blazon for a young wild boar. been previously known by the name of PepGRID-IRON (Mech.) a utensil for broiling meat.
perers. Their armorial ensigns are as in the anGRID-IRON (Her.) is sometimes borne as a charge in coat nexed figure, “ Argent, a chevren gules, between
six cloves in chief, and three in base sable." GRI'ELUM (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 10 Decandria, GROG (Mar.) a term particularly applied to rum mixed Order 4 Pentagynia.
with water, without any sugar. Generic Character. Cal. perianth one-leaved.-Cor. petals GROGRAM (Com.) stuff woven with a large woof and
five.--Stam. filaments ten; anthers ovate.- Pist. germs rough pile, consisting of stuff and silk. five; style none; stigma warted. — Per. capsules five, GROIN (Archit.) the hollow formed by the intersection of oblong; seeds oblong.
two or more vaults crossing each other. Groins are either Species. The single species is the Grielum tenuifolium, regular or irregular. — Regular Groins are those which seu Geranium, native of the Cape of Good Hope.
have the same diameter. -- Irregular Groins are formed by GRIFFIN (Ant.) a fabulous creature. (vide Gryps]
one arch, being a semicircle, &c. the other an ellipsis. GRIFFIN (Her.) This monstrous creature is now
GRO'MA (Ant.) an instrument for measuring out ground. represented in armorial bearings after the
Hygin. de Castramet.; Fest. de Verb. Signif. Nonn. 1. 1. manner of the figure given of it by the an
GROMMETS (Mar.) small rings fastened with staples on cients, i. e. one half a lion, and the other
the upper side of the yard, to which the lines called the half an eagle. It is represented either passant
laskets and caskets are tied and made fast. or segreant, as in the annexed figure; he
GROMWELL (Bot.) the Lithospermum of Linnæus. beareth “Or, a griffin segreant sable, in a bor
GRO'NNA (Archæol.) a deep pit, or bog, out of which turf dure gules, by the name of Boys."
was dug to be burnt. Hoved. 438; Mon. Angl. tom. I, GRIG (Ich.) the smallest kind of Eel.
GRONOVIA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 5 Pentandria, 1 GROU'NDAGE (Law) a tribute paid for the ground that Order 1 Monogynia.
a ship stands on in port. Generic Character. Cal. perianth one-leaved.- Cor. petals GROU'ND-ANGLING (Sport.) fishing under water with a five.-Stam. filaments five; anthers erect.-Pist. germ
float. inferior; style filiform; stigma obtuse.—Per. berry dry; | GROU'ND-JOISTS (Build.) vide Joists. seed single.
GROUND-I'VY (Bot.) the Glechoma hederacea of Linnæus, Species. The single species is annual, as the Gronovia a shrub. scandens, Climbing Gronovia.
GROUND-NUT (Bot.) the Arachis, an annual. GROOM (Law) is commonly taken for an inferior servant, GROUND-PINE (Bot.) the Teucrium Chamæpitys.
particularly one who looks after horses; but in certain GROUND-RATAN (Bot.) the Rhapis flabelliformis. cases for officers of the court, as the Groom of the Cham GROUNDSEL (Bot.) the Senecio vulgaris, an annual. ber, and the Groom of the Stole, &c. which latter is a great | GROU'ND-PLAN (Archit.) vide Ground. officer of the King's household, who takes charge of the GROU'ND-PLATE (Archit.) vide Ground. King's wardrobe. Lex. Constitut. p. 182.-Groom Porter, || GROU'ND-PLOT (Àrchit.) vide Ground. an officer of the King's household, who has the direction GROU'ND-PLUMBING (Sport.) the finding out the depth of the royal games.
of the water in fishing. GROOVE (Carpent.) a channel cut in wood, stone, &c. GROU'NDLING (Ich.) the Cobitis tenia of Linnæus, a GROOVE (Min.) a deep hole, or pit, sunk in the ground to fish so called because it keeps under stones in small search for minerals.
brooks. It makes a hissing noise when handled, and feeds GROʻPING (Sport.) a manner of fishing by putting one's on worms and the spawn of other fish. hands into water-holes..
GROU'ND SILL (Archit.) vide Ground. GROS (Mil.) French for a body, as un gros de cavalarie, a GROU'ND-TACKLE (Mar.) a general name for all ropes
body of cavalry; le gros d'une armée, the main body of an and furniture belonging to the anchors, or employed in army.
securing a ship in a road or harbour.-Ground-tier, vide GROŠCHE'N (Com.) or gute groschen, a German money of Tier.-Ground-timbers, timbers which lie on the keel.. account, 24 of which go to a Rix. Dollar,
Ground-ways, large pieces of timber laid across the ship, GROSS (Law) absolute, entire, not depending on another. or dock, to place the blocks upon.
-A villain in gross, was such a servile person as was not GROU'ND-TOW (Mech.) the loose hemp that comes from appendant or annexed to the lord, or the manor.-Com the sides of the hatchellers and spinners in hemp-making. mon in gross, gross common, or common at large, such as || GROU'ND-WAYS (Mar.) vide Ground. is neither appendant nor appurtenant to land, but is an- || GROUP (Paint.) a knot or assemblage of figures which, by nexed to a man's person : so likewise—Advowson in Gross, the appearance of light and shade, appear to have
in distinction from Advowson appendant. Co. Lit. 120. nexion with each other. Gross (Com.) a quantity of twelve dozen.-Gross weight, GROUP (Mus.) a word formerly applied to a certain kind of
the whole weight of goods, including the dust, dross, diminution of long notes, for the purpose of embellishchest, bags, &c. mixed with or containing them.
ment. GROSSE Bois (Law) i. e. great wood; such wood as by the GROUPA'DE (Man.) a lofty kind of manege higher than common law is reputed timber. 2 Inst. 642.
the ordinary curvet. GROSSULARIA (Bot.) the Ceanthus asiaticus of Linnæus. GROUSE (Örn.) a bird larger than a partridge, but otherGRO'SSUS (Bot.) an unripe fig.
wise very similar in appearance. It inhabits the mounGROTE'SQUE (Paint, &c.) in French grotesque, Italian tainous and woody parts of Europe and Asia, and is soli
grotesco; ornamental work of foliage and capricious figures, tary, except in breeding time, when it is very inattentive resembling Arabesques.
to its safety, and easily caught. It is classed by Linnæus GROVELLING (Sport.) a deer is said to feed grovelling under the genus Tetrao, with the partridge and the quail. when she feeds lying on her belly:
Grouse are called by sportsmen red and black heath-game. GROUND Annual (Law) a ground-rent payable, according GROWING (Mar.) 'implies the direction of the cable to
to the Scotch law, out of the ground before the tenement wards the anchors. • The cable grows on the star-board in a burgh is built.
bow," i.e. stretches towards the starboard or right side. GROUND (Archit.) or Ground-plot, the piece of ground se GROWME (Mech.) a machine to stretch woollen cloth on
lected for building upon.-Ground-joists, the joists which after it is woven ; mentioned in statute 43, Ed. 3, c. 10. rest upon sleepers laid upon the ground, or on bricks, prop-GROWTH Halfpenny (Law) a rate paid in some places for stones, dwarf-walls, &c. -- Ground-plan, the plan of the tithe of every fat beast. story of a house on the same level with the surface of the GRUA’RIA (Archæol.) the principal officers of the forest. ground.-Ground-plates, the outermost pieces of timber | GRUB (Ent.) another name for the maggot. lying in or near the ground, and framed into one another to GRUB (Husband.) to delve or dig up trees by the roots. with mortices and tenons of the joists, the summer and | GRU'BAGE (Husband.) Grubbage, or Grub-axe, a tool for girders. — Ground-sill, the lowest horizontal timber on grubbing up roots. which the exterior wall is erected. It is otherwise called || GRUBS (Med.) a kind of small white unctuous pimples or the ground-plate. - Ground-work, the same as founda tumours rising on the face, chiefly on the alæ of the nose. tion.
GRU'MA (Chem.) the tartar of wine. GROUND (Mil.) the field or place of action. “ To take || GRUME (Med.) grumus, a concreted clot of blood, milk, or
ground,” is said of a battalion when it extends in any any other substance. given direction-Ground arms! a word of command for | GRU'MOUS blood (Med.) that which is too thick for circuthe soldiers to lay their arms down on the ground.
lation. GROUND (Mus.) any composition in which the bass is per- Grumous roots (Bot.) those which are composed of several
petually repeated to the continual varying of the melody, knobs, as the Asphodel and Pile-Wort. GROUND (Perspect.) the surface on which the figures and || GRU'MUS (Med.) vide Grume. other objects are raised, or represented.
GRU'PPO (Mus.) Italian for a trill or shake. To Ground a Ship (Mar.) to lay her on her side, in order to GRUS (Astron.) the Crane, one of the new constellations, bream, or to repair her.
containing 13 stars. .
Grus (Orn.) is the Crane, or the Ardea grus of Linnæus. a corporal's guard, placed in the rear of a regiment to GRUTUM (Med.) a hard white tubercle of the skin, resem keep good order in that part of the camp.-Main-guard, bling a millet-seed in size and appearance.
that from which all other guards are detached.-PiquetGRY'LLUS (Bot.) the Andropogon gryllus of Linnæus. guard, a given number of horse always in readiness, in case GRYLLUS (Ent.) a genus of hemipterous insects, having the of an alarm, to begin the attack if necessary.- Provost
head inflected, and hind legs formed for leaping. It com guard, an officer's guard that attends the provost in his prehends the Locust and Cricket tribe.
rounds to prevent desertion, &c.- Quarter-guard, soldiers GRY'PHIERS (Surg.) an instrument for extracting the mole entrusted with the guard of a post.-Grand-guard, a guard out of the uterus.
composed of three or four squadrons of horse, commanded GRYPHUS (Alch.) a name for the philosopher's stone. by a field officer, posted about a mile from the camp on GRY'POSIS (Med.) ypúzwois, an incurvation of the nails. the right and left wings towards the enemy.-Post-guard, GRYPS (Myth.) spurt, a fabulous creature, half
a guard detached from the main-guard.-Guard-room, a an eagle and half a lion, as in the annexed
room where guards are stationed for a given time.-Stanfigure, having the body and paws of a lion,
dard-guard, a small guard under a corporal, which mounts and the wings of an eagle, to express strength
on foot in front of each regiment. and swiftness combined. The poets feign
GUARD (Fenc.) a posture proper to defend the body from that Apollo had his chariot drawn by griffins.
the sword of the antagonist. GU'ABAM (Bot.) a sweet and cooling fruit which grows in || GUARDANT (Her.) vide Gardant. the East Indies.
GUARDIAN (Law) custos, one who hath the charge GUA'BI pocacu pica (Bot.) the Mimosa vaga of Linnæus, any person or thing. Guardians are distinguished into GUACATANA (Bot.) a plant of New Spain, effectual in Guardians by nature, as the father or the mother.-Guar. the hæmorrhoids.
dians for nurture, one appointed by the ordinary to take GUAIABA'RA (Bot.) a tree of Hispaniola.
care of the infant's person and property.-Guardian in GUAIA'BO (Bot.) the Psidium pomiferum of Linnæus. socage, otherwise called guardians by the common law, the GUAJA'CUM (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 10 Decandria, next of kin who acts in cases where the minor is entitled to Order 1 Monogynia.
lands.-Guardian by statute, or testamentary guardian, one Generic Character. CAL. perianth five-leaved.--Cor. petals appointed according to the statute of 12 Car. 2, c. 24.
five-Stam. filaments subulate; anthers oblong.–Pist. Customary guardian, as the guardian of orphans by custom germ broader ; style short; stigma simple.- Per. cap in London and other boroughs.-Guardians by election of sules two; seeds oblong.
the ward, when, from a defect in the law, a minor finds Spécies. The species are trees, as the-Guajacum offici himself unprovided with a guardian.-Guardian by appointnale, Officinal Guajacum, or Lignum Vitæ, native of the ment is either of the Lord Chancellor or the Ecclesiastical West Indies.-Guajacum afrum, Guilandinoides, Acacia, Court.-- Guardian of the Cinque Ports, vide Warden.Schotia, Theodora, &c. Člus. Hist.; Bauh. Pin., Raii Guardian of the Spiritualities, he who collects the spirituHist.
alities of any bishopric during the vacancy of the see.GUAJAVA (Bot.) the Psidium pyrierum of Linnæus. Guardian of the Temporalities, the person to whose custody GUAICANA (Bot.) the same as the Diospyros.
a vacant see or abbey was entrusted by the king, who, as GUAJE'RA (Bot.) the Chrysobalanus Icaco of Linnæus. steward of the goods and profits, was to give an account to GUAN (Orn.) a bird of Guana, about two feet six inches the escheator, and the latter into the Exchequer. long, the Penelope cristata of Linnæus.
GUARE'RVA-OBA (Bot.) vide Cucumis. GUANA (Zool.) a sort of lizard inhabiting India, and the GUARI'RIGUIMYMIA (Bot.) the Bignonia pentaphylla of
warmer parts of America. It is the Lacerta guana et Linnæus. calotes of Linnæus.
GUAISSEM (Med.) black scorbutic spots spoken of by GUANABA'NUS (Bot.) the same as the Annona of Linnæus. Avicenna. GU'AO (Bot.) an Indian tree, the Comocladia dentata of GUASTALLA'NI (Ecc.) a religious order of monks and nuns, Linnæus.
instituted by the countess of Guastalla in the sixteenth cenGUAPARA'IBA (Bot.) the Mangrove-tree, the Rhizophora tury. gymnorrhiza of Linnæus. Raii Hist. Plant.
GUAVA (Bot.) the Psidium pyriferum of Linnæus. GUARANTE'E (Polit.) a prince or power appointed by GU'DGEON (Ich.) a fresh-water-fish of the carp kind, the
stipulating parties, to see that articles of agreement are Cyprinus gobio of Linnæus, having a narrow-spotted body, performed on each side.
which varies its colour with age. It is very tenacious of GUARANTEE (Law) he whom the warranter undertakes to life, and its flesh is very white and delicious. indemnify, or secure from damage.
GU'DGEONS (Mar.) Rudder-irons. GUARD (Law) in Latin custodia, French garde, custody, GUE'LPHIC Order (Her.) a new military order of Hanover,
or care of defence. Sometimes it is taken for the guardian instituted in 1815, entitled the Royal Hanoverian Guelphic ship of children, and sometimes for a writ of wardship, as Order. droit de garde, ejectione de garde, and ravishment de garde. GUELPHS (Polit.) and Ghibelines, two potent factions in F. N.B. 139.
Italy, the fornier of which took part with the emperor of GWARD (Mil.) the duty of guarding or defending any post or Germany, and the latter with the Pope.
person from being surprized by an enemy. The term Guard GUE’RITE (Fort.) a small tower of stone or wood generally , is also taken for the soldiers who perform the office of guard upon the point of a bastion, or on the angles of the ing, which are distinguished into-Life, Horse, and Foot shoulder to hold a centinel. guards, troops kept to guard the king's person, which are GUE'ST-ROPE (Mar.) a rope by which the boat is kept collectively called Household Troops. -- Yeomen of the steady while she is in tow. guards, a kind of foot guards, first raised by Henry VII. in GUESTE (Com.) a long measure in the Mogul's dominions, 1485, for the defence of the King's person.— Advanced equal to about one-fifth of the Dutch aune. guard or Van-guard, a party of either horse or foot that | GUEZE (Com.) a Persian long measure, equal to two feet inarches before a considerable body to give notice of any and upwards. approaching danger.-Rear-guard, that part of the army GUIDE (Mus.) a name given to that note in a figure which which brings up the rear in a march. Rear-Guard is also leads off, and announces the subject.
GUIDO'N (Mil.) a standard anciently used by the King's long wings, the Larus of Linnæus, which is very voralife-guards.
cious, feeding on fish and carrion. GUIDON (Mus.) French for a direct. (vide Direct] GU'LLING (Mar.) a term applied to the pin of a block or GUI'DNIA (Bot.) the Guarea trichilioides.
pulley when it eats into the shiver, or for the yard when it GUILANDI'NA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 10 Decan
eats into the mast. dria, Order 1 Monogynia.
GU'LLY (Geog.) any hollow which has been made by runGeneric Character. CAL. perianth five-leaved. - Cor. ning water.
petals five.-STAM. filaments subulate; anthers oblong. GULLY.HOLE (Mech.) the hole at the grate of a street --Pist. germ oblong; style filiform; stigma simple.
channel where the water passes off. Per. legume one-celled ; seeds globular.
GUM (Bot.) gummi, a concreted vegetable juice which Species. The species are trees, as the-Guilandina bonduc, exudes through the bark of certain trees, and hardens on
Bonduc magnus, seu Lobus, Yellow Bonduc or Nicker the surface. Chemists reckon those only to be gums tree.-Guilandina bonducella, seu Crista, Grey Bonduc. which are soluble in water. Those soluble only in spirits Guilandina moringa, Moringa hyperanthera, Balanus, are called resins, and those of a middle nature gum-resins. seu Lignum, Smooth Bonduc. Bauh. Pin.; Park. The principal sorts of gums are the-Gum-Arabic, called Theal.; Raii Hist.
simply gum, by way of distinction, is the juice of the GUILANDLNA is also the Guiacum afrum of Linnæus.
Acacia.--Gum- Ammoniac, so called from Ammonia, whence GUILD (Law) a fraternity or company, so called because it was first brought.-Gum-Lac, the juice of the Croton
every one was guildan, i. e. to pay something towards the laccifera.-Gum-Copal, Elemi, Tragacantha, &c. [vide charge and support of the company. Also a tribute, tax, Copal, &c.] ar amercement. 27 Ed. 3; 11 H. 6.-Guild Rents, rents || GUMA (Chem.) Mercury. payable to the crown by any guild or fraternity.
GU'M-BOIL (Med.) vide Parulis. GUI'LDA Mercatoria (Law) or the Merchants' Guild, a li- GU'MMA (Med.) a strumous tumour on the periosteum of
cence or privilege granted to merchants, whereby they are a bone. enabled to hold certain pleas of land, &c. 37 Ed. 3, &c. GU'MMI (Bot.) vide Gum. GUI'LDER (Com.) another name for the Florin.
GUMS (Anat.) gingive, the vascular and elastic substance GUILDHA'LDA Teutonicorum (Law) the fraternity of that covers the alveolar arches of the upper and under
Easterling merchants in London, called the Still-yard. jaws, and embraces the necks of the teeth.
GUN (Mil.) any sort of fire-arms or offensive weapons with GUILE of Ale and Beer (Husband.) the quantity of beer which shot, bullets, &c. are discharged.-Great Guns are brewed at one time.
the same as cannon., The Evening gun, or the Morning GUILE of August (Ecc.) a festival celebrated on the first of gun, are those pieces of ordnance which are fired morning August, the day of St. Peter ad vincula.
and evening, to give notice to the drums and trumpets to GUILLOTI'NE (Polit.) a decapitating machine which was sound the retreat and the reveillé.-Gun-fire, the time at
introduced into France during the horrors of the French which the morning or evening gun is fired.-Gun-metal, Revolution. Its use has been since discontinued.
for brass guns, is composed of eight or ten pounds of tin GUILLEMOT (Orn.) a sea-fowl, having a slender tongue to one hundred pounds of copper.-Gun-powder, a com
the size of the bill; the Colymbus grylle, &c. of Linnæus. position of saltpetre, sulphur, and charcoal.-Gun-shot, GUI'NEA (Com.) an English gold coin, so called from the distance of the point blank range of a shot from a can
Guinea, in Africa, because the first guineas that were non.-Gun-tackle, the ropes, blocks, &c. affixed to the · struck were of gold from that country. It was at first only carriage of a gun.
of 20s. value, it then rose to 21s. 6d. and was afterwards || GUN-BOAT (Mar.) a boat generally made with a fat reduced to 21s. which value it has retained ever since. It bottom, to serve as a kind of floating battery. was first coined in the reign of Charles II. [vide Coin-GUNDELIA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 19 Syngenesia, ing]
Order 5 Polygamia segregata. GUINEA-HEN (Orn.) an African bird, the Numidia me Generic Character. Cal. common.-Cor. compound.
leagris of Linnæus, which is domesticated in Europe, and Stam. filaments five; anthers long.--Pist. germ ovate; makes a harsh unpleasant cry.
style filiform; stigmas two.—Per. none; seeds solitary ; Guinea-hen (Bot.) the Petiveria of Linnæus.-Guinea rec. common. Pepper, the Capsicum annuum.-Guinea-Wheat, the Zea Species. The single species is a perennial, as the Gundelia
Tournefortii, Eryngium, seu Silybum, 'native of the GUINEA-PIG (Zool.) an animal betwixt a rabbit and a Levant. mouse, the Cavia cobaya of Linnæus, which is an inha- || GU'N-FIRE (Mil.) vide Gun. bitant of Brazil, but domesticated in Europe.
GU'N-METAL (Mil.) vide Gun. petually restless when awake, running to and fro, grunting, GU'NNEL (Mar.) vide Gunwale. or eating. It feeds on vegetables, drinks water, has two GU'NNER (Mil.) the lowest rank of private men in the teats, and brings forth young many times a year.
Royal Regiment of Artillery.-Master-gunner, one selected GUISARMIE'RŠ (Mil.) French for a body of free archers, from the non-commissioned officers of artillery to take
ar bowmen, so called from the guisarme, a sort of javelin, charge of the ordnance, &c. which was used in hunting the boar.
GUNNERA (Bot.) a genus of plants, so called from Ernest GUITARRE (Mus.) Italian for a stringed instrument, Gunnerus, Bishop of Drontheim, Class 20 Gynandria, somewhat larger than a violin.
Order 2 Diandria. GULES (Her.) probably from the Persian guhl,
Generic Character. Cal, ament verticelled.Cor. none, a rose, or rose colour; is a name for the
STAM. filaments two; anthers oblong.–Pist. germi colour of red, which is represented by per
ovate; styles two; stigma simple. Per. none; seeds single. pendicular lines in engraving, as in the an
Species. The single species is the Gunnera perpensa, nexed figure.
Perpensum, Petasites, seu Blitum, Marsh MarygoldGULF (Geog.) a part of the sea that runs be
leaved Gunnera, native of the Cape of Good Hope. tween two lands called streights.
GU'NNERY (Mil.) the art of determining the motions of GULL (Orn.) or Sea-Gull, à bird with a light body and bodies shot from cannon, &c.
It is per
GU'N-POWDER (Mil.) vide Gun.
GUTTER-LEDGE (Mar.) a cross bar laid along the mid. GUN-POWDER-PLOT (Ecc.) a festival kept on the fifth dle of a large hatchway in some vessels to support the
of November, for the happy deliverance of King James I.
GU'TTUR (Anat.) neurt, the larynx or Aspera arteria. GU'N-SHOT (Mil.) vide Gun.
Ruff. Ephes. de Appell. Part. Corp. Hum. I. 1, c. 9. GU'N-STONE (Her.) an ancient name for the pellet.
GU'ITURAL LETTERS (Gram.) letters which are proGU'NTER'S CÌAIN (Math.) an instrument made use of nounced with the throat.
in surveying land, so called from its inventor Mr. Gunter, | GUVE de Ronde (Fort.) the same as a single tenaille. Geometry Professor at Gresham College.—Gunter's lines, GUY (Mar.) 1. A rope used to keep steady any weighty lines of numbers employed in performing arithmetical body. 2. A tackle for confining a boom forward. 3. Á operations.-Gunter's quadrant, an instrument for finding large slack rope, extending from the head of the mainmast the hour of the day, the azimuth, &c.-Gunter's scale, a to the head of the foremast, for the support of any
tackle large scale for resolving questions in plain sailing,
with which a ship is loaded or unloaded. GU'NWALE (Mar.) or Gunnel, the upper part of a ship's Guy (Com.) an Indian measure answering to the English
sides, from the half deck to the forecastle : also, the lower yard. part of that port where any ordnance is.
GUZES (Her.) a name for roundles when they are sanGU'PPAX (Com.) a weight used in the streights of Ma guine. lacca.
GWABR-MERCHED (Law) a British word for a fine or GU'RGES (Her.) a whirlpool, borne as a charge in coats payment made to the lords of some manors upon the marof arms.
riage of their tenants' daughters, or otherwise, on their GURGY'PTING (Falc.) a term applied to a hawk when committing incontinency. it is stiff and choked up.
GWA'LSTOW (Archæol.) a place of execution. Leg. H. 1, GU'RNARD (Ich.) a sort of sea fish, the Trigla of Lin
næus, remarkable for having articulate appendages to the GWAYF (Law) goods left in the highway by felons, which ventral and pectoral fins. It feeds on crabs and testa were forfeited to the King or the lord of the manor. ceous animals, and its flesh is very good.
GWI'NIAD (Ich.) a sort of salmon. GUSSET (Her.) an abatement in coat armour. [vide Abate- || GY'BING (Mar.) the act of shifting a boom-sail from one ment]
side of the mast to the other. GUSTATO'RII (Anat.) vide Hypoglossi.
GY'LPUT (Archæol.) the name of a court held every
three GUSTATOʻRIUS (Anat.) a name for the third maxillary weeks in the Pathbew, a hundred of Warwickshire. branch of the fifth pair of nerves.
GY'LT-WITE (Archæol.) a compensation or amends for GUSTAVIA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 16 Monadel trespass. LL. Edgar. Reg. Anno. 964. phia, Order 8 Polyandria.
GYMNA'NDRA (Bot.) the Bartsia gymnandra of Linnæus. Generic Character. Cal. none.-Cor. pelals six.-Stam. GYMNA'NTHES (Bol.) a genus of plants, Class 21 Mofilaments numerous; anthers small.–Pist. germ infe noecia, Order 8 Monadelphia. rior; style conical ; stigma blunt.-Per. berry subglo Generic Character. Cal. ament compound.-Cor. none. bose; beans several.
Stam. filaments naked ; anthers oblong.–Pist. gern Species. The single species, the Gustavia angusta, seu roundish; style scarcely any; stigma roundish.- Per. Japaran-diba, is a tree.
capsule three-valved ; seeds many. GU'STO (Mus.) Italian for taste, as con gusto, with taste. Species. The two species are shrubs, as the Gymnanthes GUSTO'SÒ (Mus.) an Italian word, signifying with taste. lucida et ellipta, natives of the West Indies. GU'STUS (Med.) the organ of taste.
GYMNA'SIARCH (Ant.) yourariapxins, the governor of a GUT (Mar.) the opening of a river or brook.
school or college. Cic. in Verr. 4, c. 42. GUTTA (Bot.) the Gambogia gutta of Linnæus.
GYMNASIUM (Ant.) yoperation, à rò rs yupratu, i. e. from GUTTA (Med.) a drop; à mode of administering liquid exercising naked; a place where wrestlers and other game
medicines. Gutta was also formerly the name of the apo sters exercised themselves in their several feats of agility ; plexy, from the supposition that it was occasioned by a whence it was afterwards taken for a public school where drop of blood falling from the brain upon the heart. the mind was exercised after a like manner. Thucyd. I. 5, Guita opaca, a name for the cataract.-Gutta serena, vide c. 82; Cic. de Orat. l. 2, c. 5; 1. 1, c. 13, &c.; Plin. l. 7, Amaurosis.-Guttæ nigre, or Black Drops, a secret prepa c. 37; Plin. 1. 1, ep. 22. ration of opium.-Gutte rosacea, red spots upon the face GYMNASTICS (Med.) yuvasıx”, that part of physic which and nose.
teaches how to preserve health by means of exercise. GUTTÆ (Archit.) the name of six small drops, resem GYMNO SOPHISTS (Phil.) yuprosopusai, a sect of Indian
bling bells in form, below each triglyph in the architrave philosophers who always went naked and lived a solitary of the Doric order. Vitruv. I. 4, c. 1.
life. GUTTA'LIS (Anat.) vide Arytænoides.
GYMNOSPERMÆ (Bot.) from yourosnaked, and crippa, GUTTE'E (Her.) or Gutty, from the Latin gutta, a drop; seed; an epithet for plants having their seeds naked, in
an epithet for a field or bearing filled with drops, which distinction from those which have their seeds inclosed in a alter their denomination according to the tincture they are capsule or other vessel. of, as Guttée de Larmes, i. e. drops of tears
GYÀNOSPERMIA (Bot.) the Verticillatæ of Ray, and when they are blue, as in the annexed figure, 747 the Labiati of Tournefort; the name of the First Order in he beareth,“ sable, a turnip proper, a chief
the Class Didynamia in Linnæus' Artificial Arrangement, or, guttée de larmes, by the name of Dam
comprehending those plants which have four stamens, mant, of Suffolk.” So, likewise,-Guttée de
namely, two middle ones shorter than the two outer ones Poir, drops of pitch for the black drops.
within a ringent flower, succeeded by four naked seeds. Guttée d'Eau, drops of water for the white.
[vide Didynamia] Guttée de sang, drops of blood for the red.-Gultée d'or, GYMNOTHORAX (Ich.) a genus of fishes, of the Apodal drops of gold for the yellow.
Order, having an eel-shaped body and no pectoral fin. GYMNOTUS (Ich.) a genus of fishes, of the Apodal Order,