tella ;

hang upon

HA'MULUS (Surg.) or Hamus, an instrument used for the HAND-GRENA'DES (Mil.) small iron-shells from two to extraction of the child in difficult labours.

three inches diameter. HAMULUS (Anat.) a term applied to any hooklike process, HAND-GU'N (Mil.) a gun held in the hand.

as the hamulus of the pterygoid process of the sphenoid HAND-MA’LLET (Mech.) a wooden hammer with a hanbone.

dle. HANAPER (Archæol.) in Low Latin hanaperium is the HA'ND-SPIKE (Mech.) or Handspek, a wooden lever for raissame as Hamper.

ing heavy weights. Hanaper Clerk of the (Law) vide Clerk.

HA'ND-TIGHT (Mar.) a moderate degree of tension on a HANCHES (Build.) the ends of elliptical arches. [vide rope so as to make it nearly straight. ** To hand the sails," Building]

the same as to furl them. HANCHES (Mar.) falls or descents of the fiferails placed on HANDLE Arms! (Mil.) a word of command, by which

ballustrades in the poop, &c. and down to the gang-way. the soldier is directed to bring his right hand briskly up HA'NCLING (Sport.) measuring the girth of a fighting. to the muzzle of his firelock, with his fingers bent incock's body by the grasp of the hand and fingers.

wards. HAND (Anat.) Manus, is composed of the carpus, or wrist, HANEGA (Com.) a corn measure at Bilboa in Spain 13-fifths

the metacarpus, and the fingers, digiti. The arteries of the of an English bushel. hand are the palmary arch and the digital arteries; the TO HANG (Print.) a letter is said to hang when it stands veins are the digital, cephalic of the thumb, and the salva aslope in the composing stick.

the nerves are the cutaneus, externus, and internus. to Hang on a rope or tackle-fall (Mar.) to hold it fast withHAND (Her.) the hand is termed either dexter,

Fig. 1.

out belaying i. e. right, or sinister, i. e. left. The hand,

to Hang fire (Mil.) a term applied to fire-arms when the when borne in the escutcheon, is supposed to

flame is not speedy in communicating from the pan to the signify power, equity, fidelity, and friendship,

charge. "To hang upon,to hover or impend, as - To which is represented by the shaking or clasp

the rear of the enemy,” to follow the enemy so ing of hands in ancient medals, [vide Manus]

closely, as to be a perpetual annoyance to them. and is commonly represented couped, ex

to Hang Doors, &c. (Carpent.) to place them on hinges. tended, &c. as fig. 1, " He beareth azure a

Fig. 2.

to Hang over (Mason.) is said of a wall when the top prodexter hand couped at the wrist and extended

jects beyond the bottom. in pale argent, with a crescent for difference,

HA'NGER (Mil.) a broad, short, crooked sword. name Brome;" and fig. 2, “ He beareth argent,

HA'NGING (Mar.) the name of a plank with a hollow edge, a chevron azure, between three sinister hands,

as the hanging of the sheers and decks. couped at the wrist gules, by the name of

HANGING-GUA'RD (Mil.) a defensive position in the Maynard.It is also a Baronet's mark.

broad sword. [vide Baronet]

HANGING-PE'AR (Hort.) a kind of pear which ripens HAND (Mech.) the index of a clock, watch, &c.

about the end of September. HAND (Falcon.) the foot of a hawk.

HA'NGINGS (Mech.) tapestry hung or fastened against the HAND (Man.) a measure of four fingers in breadth, by wall.

which the height of a horse is computed, as a horse four- HA’NGWITE (Law) from the Saxon hangen, to hang, and teen hands high; it is called in the French paume.

pite, a mulct or fine; a liberty granted to a person whereby Hand is also used for the parts of a horse, as the forehand, he is quit of a felon or thief hanged without judgment or

which comprehends the head, neck, and fore-quarters; trial, or escaped out of custody. the hind-hand, which includes the rest.

HANK for Hank (Mar.) in French bord sur bord; a phrase Hand likewise stands for the horseman's hand, as the spur applied to two ships which tack, and make a progress to

hand, or the sword-hand, which is the right hand, and windward together.
the bridle-hand, which is his left; whence the horseman HANKS (Mar.) wooden rings fixed upon the stays to con-
is said “ To have no hand,to make use of the bridle fine the stay-sails.
unseasonably. “ To keep a horse upon the hand,to HA'NOCK (Com.) a corn measure in Spain. [vide Ha-
feel him stay upon the hand. A good hand,when nega)
he knows how to slacken or stiffen his hand at discre- HANSE (Com.) an old word for a society or corporation of
tion. “ To slacken the hand," to slacken the bridle. merchants combined together for the usage and safe pas-
“ To have the horse tight in hand,” when he keeps a sage of merchandise from place to place; whence the name
tight hand, for fear of his stumbling. A horse is said of Hans-towns, which was given to certain cities of Ger-
“To force the hand," when he does not regard the many that were formerly so incorporated for the purposes
bridle: “ To be light or heavy in hand," when he of trade and commerce. The principal of these were
presses highly or bears hard upon the bit: “ To be Hamburgh, Bremen, and Lubeck.
steady in hand,when he is perfectly quiet and obe- HA'NSEL (Com.) i. e. handsale, or what is sold off-hand;
dient to the rein: “ To be all hands," when he turns the


upon the first part sold of any commoupon all hands.

Hand-gallop," a short, gentle, kind dity. of gallop:

HANTELODE (Law) from hant, hand, and lode, laid; an HA'ND-BARROW (Fort.) a sort of barrow without wheels, arrest which is made by laying the hand on the debtor, for carrying earth, shells, &c.

&c. HA'NDBOROW (Law) a surety or manual pledge, i.e. an HAP (Law) in old French happer, to catch; as “ To hap inferior undertaker, in distinction from a Headborow. the rent, or to hap the deed poll, &c." Hand-Frith, peace and protection given by the King with HAPALA'NTHUS (Bot.) the Callissia repens of Linnæus. the hand, from the Saxon fruith peace. Leg. H. 1.-HAQUE (Mil.) a hand-gun which was prohibited to be Hand-habend, a thief caught in the very fact, having the used by statute 33 H. 8, c. 6; 2, 3 Ed.6, c. 14, &c. stolen goods in his hands. Leg. H. Bract. 1. 3, tract. 2, HAQUÉLINT (Mil.) a larger sort of hand-gun than a

haque. It is otherwise called harquebuss, or hagbul. HA'ND-BREADTH (Com.) a measure of three inches equal HA'RANES (Mil.) a sort of militia in Hungary. to the breadth of the hand.

HARA'TIUM (Archæol.) a stud of horses kept for breed.

C. 8.

HAURIANT (Her.) an epithet for fishes which

HAWSERS (Mar.) vide Hawse-holes. are directly upright, as if they were refreshing

HAWTHORN (Bot.) the Cratagus annua of Linnæus. themselves by sucking in the air, as in the an

HAY (Archæol.) a fence or inclosure formed with rails, &c. nexed example. “He beareth, argent, a

HAYS (Astrol.) a certain dignity or strengthening of a chevron, gules, between three soles, hauriant

planet, by being in a sign of its own sex, and in a part proper, within a bordure engrailed, sable.

agreeable to its own nature. HAUT (Mus.) high or shrill, as Haut-Contre, Counter- HA'LDEGINES (Archæol.) a country dance or round. Tenor.-Haut-Dessus, First-Treble.

HA'YWARD (Archæol.) the keeper of the common herd of HA'UT-BOY (Mus.) a wind instrument, consisting of a tube cattle of a town. gradually widening from the top to the lower end.

HAZ (Astrol.) vide Hays. HÅUT-BO'YS (Mil.) a term given to the non-effective men HA'ZARDS (Sport.) the pockets in the sides of a billiard-table. of a regiment of dragoons.

HAZY (Mar.) an epithet for the state of the weather at sea, HA'UTHONER (Archæol.) a man armed with a coat of mail. which

appears much like a fog. HAW (Bot.) the berry or fruit of the white thorn.

HA'ZLE-NUT Tree (Bot.) the Corylus of Linnæus. Haw (Vet.) a gristle or excressence growing between the HEAD (Anat.) caput, the superior part of the body placed on nether eyelid and the eye of a horse.

the neck, containing the Cerebrum, Cerebellum, and Medulla HA'W-FINCH (Orn.) a sort of finch, so called because it oblongata. It is divided into the Face [vide Face] and the

feeds on haws and cherries, the stones of which it easily hairy Scalp: To the latter belongs the Vertex, or crown breaks with its thick and strong bill. It is the Loxia coc of the head; the Sinciput, or fore part; and the Occiput, cothraustes of Linnæus, which is rarely seen in England, or hind part.-Head-mould-shot, when the sutures of the

except in winter, but is frequent in other parts of Europe. skull ride, that is, have their edges shot over one another. HA'WBERK (Mil.) vide Hauberk.

Head is also taken for the exiremity of a muscle that is HAWGH (Agric.) a green plot in a valley.

inserted into the staple bone, and of a muscle which is HAWK (Orn.) a bird of prey, which is of the eagle and a tendon.

falcon tribe; it is classed in the Linnean system, under the Head (Mech.) the upper or more solid part of inanimate genus Falco. The principal species are the Sparrow Hawk, and artificial bodies, as the head of a nail, the head of a Falco nisus; and the Goshawk, Falco palumbarius ; both hammer, &c. which sorts were formerly much used in falconry.

Head (Paint.) the picture, or represeptation of that part of To HawK (Sport.) to fowl with hawks, or fly hawks at fowls. the human body. HAWKERS (Com.) are persons going about the streets and Head (Archit.) an ornament of sculpture, or carved work,

crying their goods. They were originally fraudulent per often serving as the key of an arch, plat band, &c.--Headsons who went about selling pewter, brass, tin, &c.; but Way of a stair, the clear perpendicular distance from the at present they are obliged to have a licence for carrying head of any step or landing place to the ceiling above. on their trade.

HEAD. (Gunn.) the fore part of the cheeks of a gun or HAWK'S Bell (Falcon.) the bell put about the feet of the howitz carriage.—Moor's Head, a kind of bomb or gre. hawk.

nado shot out of a cannon. Hawk's Bell (Her.) a bearing in the escutcheon,

Head of a Fort Work (Fort.) the front of it nearest to the betokened the taste of the bearer for the art

enemy, and farthest from the body of the place.- Head of of hawking. “ He beareth sabl a chevron

a double Tenaille, the salient angle in the centre, and the between three Hawks' Bells, or," as in the

two other sides which form the re-entering angle. annexed figure.

Head (Mil.) Head of an army, the person who holds the HAWKWEED (Bot.) the Hieraceum incanum

chief command. Head of a body of men, the front, of Linnæus, a perennial.

whether drawn up in lines or on a march. - Head of a HAWN (Husband.) that which remains of the straw after camp, the ground before which an army is drawn up.the ear of corn has been cut off.

Head-Piece, armour for the head as a helmet, &c.-Head HAWS (Archæol.) mansions or dwelling houses.

quarters, the place where the officer commanding any body HAWSE (Mar.) the situation of the cables before the ship’s of men takes up his residence. To make head,to opstem when she is moored with two anchors out from the

pose or resist the attempts of another by force. bows. A clear or open Hawse is when the cables are di- Head (Chem.) a cover or cap of an alembre, having a long rected to their anchors, without being any wise twisted, in neck for the conveyance of the vapours into a vessel that distinction from a foul Hawse, when they lie across the serves as a refrigeratory. stem, so as to be rubbed or chafed. “Cross in the Hawse,"HEAD (Mar.) an ornamental figure on the ship’s stem ; or in is when one cable lies over another. “An elbow in the

an extended sense, the whole front or fore part of the ship; Hawse,” is produced by the ship riding round and stop and in a particular sense, that part on each side of the ping in the middle of the course. " A round turn in the stern which is appropriated to the private use of the sailors. Hawse,” is produced by the ship continuing to wind about Head is likewise employed in several sea-phrases, as “ By the same way. “ A bold Hawse" is when the holes are the Head," said of a ship when it is laden deeper forward high above water. “ Fresh the Hawse!an order to lay than aft. “ The wind heads us,” when it veers round to new pieces in the hawses to prevent it from fretting upon the direction of the ship's course. Head to wind," the the cable. “ Burning the Hawses," when the cables en situation of a ship when her head is turned to the direction dure a violent stress. Clearing the Hawses," the disen of the wind. “ To give a ship Head-Way,to cause it to tangling the cables. “To ride Hawse-full," when in stress advance forward at sea.—Head-Fast, a rope employed to of weather the ship falls with her head deep in the sea. fasten the head of a ship.—Head-Ledges, the thwart ship Hawse-bags, canvas bags filled with oakum to stop the pieces that frame the hatch-ways.-Head-Lines, the ropes hawse-holes in a heavy sea.—Hawse-holes, or hawsers, the of all sails that are next to the yards.-Head-most, the holes in the bows of a ship through which the cables pass situation of any ship that is the farthest advanced.--Head in and out.--Hawse-pieces, the foremost timbers of a ship of the Mast, the upper part of any mast to which the caps whose ends rest upon the knuckle timber.-Hawse-plugs, or trucks are fitted.- Head-rails, the elliptic rails at the certain plugs to stop the hawses.

head of the ship.-Head-Rope, that part of the bolt rope HAWSER Mar.) a three strond rope, or small cable. which terminates any of the principal sails on the upper

edge.--Head-sails, those sails which are extended on the surface; and the anterior and posterior margin. Internally foremast and bowsprit.—Head-Sea, the waves that meet

it is divided into the two ventricles, right and left, which the head of a ship in its course.--Head-Stick, a short round are separated from each other by a fleshy septum, called stick with a hole at each end, through which the head-rope the septum cordis. The cavities adhering to the base are, of some triangular sails is thrust.— Head-Way, the motion from their resemblance in form, called the auricles. Each of a ship forward at sea, in distinction from the stern-way,

ventricle has two orifices; the one auricular, through which or motion backward with the stern foremost.

the blood enters; the other arterious, through which it Head (Bot.) vide Capitulum.

passes out. These four orifices are supplied with valves, HEAD of a Page (Print.) the top or beginning of a page: so which are distinguished, according to their form, into the

also the Head of a line: and the Head word, the word which semilunar, at the arterious orifices; tricuspid, those at the stands at the head of a line, book, section, &c.— Head-line, right orifice of the auricle; and mitral, those at the left. the line which is drawn across the top or head of a page.

The vessels of the heart are distinguished into common and Head of a Horse (Man.) the action of the neck and the proper. The Common are, 1. The Aorta, arising from the

effect of the bridle and the wrist, as when a horse is said “ To left ventricle. 2. The Pulmonary Artery, from the right plant his head well,” i. e. to obey the hand; or « To refuse ventricle. 3. The four Pulmonary Veins, which termito place his head," i. e. to shoot out his nose, &c.Head nate in the left auricle. 4. The two Vence Cave, which

stall, that part of the bridle which goes over the horse's head. empty themselves into the right auricle. The Proper vessels Head in profile (Her.) the head and side face couped at the are, i. The Coronary arteries, which arise from the aorta, neck.

and are distributed on the heart. 2. The Coronary veins. HEA'D-BOROUGH (Law) from the Saxon head, and Heart of a Foetus differs from that of an adult, by having

bonge, borough; formerly a chief of a borough, the Frank a foramen ovale, by which the blood passes from the right pledge: now an officer subordinate to a constable-Head auricle to the left. pence, the sum of 51l. which the sheriff of Northumber- HEART (Mar.) a particular sort of dead-eye, of the shape of land anciently exacted of the inhabitants of that county a heart. every third and fourth years, without any account to be Heart (Her.) as a bearing, denotes the sinmade to the king.Head-silver, money paid to the lord of cerity of the bearer, and is represented either leats.

proper or vulned, &c. as “ He beareth argent, HEADER (Mason.) a name for the bricks, or stone, which a fess gules, between three hearts vulned, and

are inserted their length in the thickness of a wall. The distilling drops of blood on the sinister side, course of bricks so inserted is called the heading course.

proper, name Tote." HEA'D-FAST (Mar.) vide Head.

HEART (Bot.) vide Corculun. HEADING Joint (Carpent.) the joint of two or more boards HEA'RT-BOND. (Mason.) the lapping of one stone over at right angles to the fibrés.

two others, which together make the breadth of the wall. HEAD-LAND (Geog.) a high cape or promontory.

HE'ART-BURN (Med.) Cardialgia, a burning pain in the HEAD-LAND (Agric.) that part ploughed across at the end

stomach. of the land, which, where there are no hedges, separates it HEART'S EASE (Bot.) the Viola tricolor of Linnæus, an from other lands.

annual. - Heart-Seed, the Cardiospermum helicabum of HEAD-LE'DGES (Mar.) vide Head.

Linnæus. HE'AD-LINE (Print.) vide Head.

HEARTH (Archit.) the floor or pavement that belongs to a HE'AD-LINES (Mar.) vide Head.

fire place. HEAD-MOU'LD-SHOT (Anat.) vide Head.

HEA'RTH-MONEY (Law) a tax upon fire hearths. HEA'D-PENCE (Law) vide Head-Borough.

HEAT (Phy.) 1. The sensation created in us by the action HEA'D-PIECE (Mil.) and Head-Quarter, vide Head.

of fire. 2. The cause of that sensation which exists in HEA'D-RAIL (Mar.) and Head-Rope, vide Head.

other bodies that are said to be hot. This is now distin.' HEADS (Mason.) tiles which are laid at the eaves of a house. guished by the name of Caloric. [vide Caloric] Heat is HEA'D-SAILS (Mar.) and Head-Sea, vide Head.

likewise distinguished into absolute, free or sensible, and HEAD-SI'LVER (Law) vide Head-Borough.

latent. — Absolute heat is the whole quantity of caloric HEAD-STALL (Man.) vide Head.

existing in a body, in chemical union.-Free or sensible heat HEAD-STICK (Mar.) and Head-Way, vide Head.

is that which quits the substance that holds it, and comHEAD-WORD (Print.) vide Head.

bines with those things by which it is surrounded.-Latent HEA’LFANG (Law) from the Saxon &als, neck, and fan heat is that which is not perceptible by any external sign

zer, to take ; a pillory, or a mulct by way of commutation or organ of sense. Heat is moreover distinguished into for the punishment of the pillory. Leg. H. 1.

actual and potential.- Actual heat is an effect of elemenHEALING (Build.) the covering the roof of a building. tary fire.- Potential heat is that which is in wine, pepper, HEAM (Vet.) the same in beasts as the after-birth in women. chemical preparations, &c.- Animal heat, vide Animal heat. HEAP (Print.) any number of reams or quires as is set out Heat (Mech.) is distinguished by three different degrees at

by the warehouse keeper for the pressmen to wet is called which smiths, &c. use their irons ; namely, the-Blooda heap: before it is wetted it is a dry Heap, afterwards red-heat, the smallest degree; the Flame or White Heat, simply a Heap. “ The heap holds out," i. e. it has the which is the second degree; and the-Sparkling or Weldfull intended number of sheets.

ing heat which is the strongest, and is employed when the HE'ARING (Anat.) one of the five senses, that by which iron requires to be doubled and welded.

sounds are received into the ear. The organ of hearing | Heat (Sport.) a term used by gentlemen of the turf to imply is the soft portions of the auditory nerve, distributed on the a certain prescribed distance which a horse runs on the vestibule, semicircular canals and cochlea.

A race may consist of one or more heats. HEARSE (Cus.) a close carriage for conveying dead bodies HEATH (Bot.) the Erica of Linnæus, a shrub.-Sea Heath, to burial.

the Frankenia, a perennial. HEARSE (Sport.) a hind in the second year

HEATHER-ROOF (Build.) a kind of roof which is HEART (Anat.) Cor, the seat of life in the animal body is thatched or covered over with heather or heath.

situated in the Thorax, and divided externally into the TO HEAVE (Mar.) to throw or lift, a term used in many sea Base, which is the broad part; the superior and inferior phrases, as “ To heave overboard,” to throw overboard.


of her age.


put about.


“ To heave a flag aboard," to hang it out, « Heave and by the Athenians every new moon, in honour of Hecate. away!” an order importing that the next effort will dis Strab. 1. 14. lodge and weigh the anchor, Heave and rally!" a HECATOMB (Ant.) ixutópßn, from xatov, an hundred, and cheering order to heave quickly. Heave and pawl!" an Bôs, an ox; a sacrifice amongst the Greeks, consisting of order to turn the capstan, &c. till the pawl may be put in. an hundred oxen offered upon some very extraordinary To heave out the capstan or windlass,” to turn it about occasion. by means of bars or handspikes.“ To heave the lead," to HECATOMBÆON (Ant.) ixxTow Beider, the first month of throw it into the sea for the purpose of sounding the depth. the Athenian year answering to the latter part of our June “ To heave a-head,” to draw a ship by the cable. “To and the beginning of July. [vide Chronology) heave a-stern, to cause her to recede. « To heave a-strain" || HECATOMPHO'NIA (Ant.) éx&tou Povíce, sacrifices to Juto work at the capstan. “ To heave keel out,” to raise the piter, by the Messenians, when they killed an hundred keel out of the water. “ To heave in stays,” to tack or enemies.

To heave out stay sails,” to unfurl or throw | HECK (Mech.) another name for a rack. them loose from the place where they had been rolled. HECKLE (Mech.) an instrument for dressing flax or hemp. “ To heave short,” to draw so much of the cable into the HE'CTIC Fever (Med.) ixtixò fuperòs, a slow and chronical ship, by means of the capstan or windlass, as that by ad fever which, by a preternatural heat, consumes the juices, vancing she is almost perpendicular above the anchor. produces a consumption, and impairs the strength; it is so “ To heave taught,” to heave about the capstan, &c. till called because it lies, šviško, i. e. in the habit of the body, and the cable or rope applied thereto becomes straight or ready is, therefore, hard to be cured. - Hectic Pulse, ixtixOS for action.

courpós, a sort of pulse, which belongs to a hectic fever, HEAVEN (Astron.) an azure transparent orb investing our that remains invariably equal. Gal. de Diff. Feb. I. 1, c. 7, earth, where the celestial bodies perform their motions. It et de Puls. ad Tyron. c. 8; Oribas. Synop. I. 7, c. 21 ; is used in a particular sense for an orb or circular region of Trallian. 1. 12, c. 4; Aet. Tetrab. 2, serm. 1, c. 93; Paul. the æthereal heaven.

Æginet. l. 2, c. 32; Act. de Meth. Med. 1. 2, c. 1; Gorr. HEAVER (Mech.) a staff employed as a lever on many oc Def. Med.; Castel. Lex. Med. casions, particularly at sea.

HE'DA (Archæol.) a small wharf, or haven. HEAVY Bodies (Phy.) vide Body.

HEDA'GIUM (Archæol.) toll or custom paid at an hithe, or HEAVY Work (Print.) the same as Hard Work.

wharf. Heavy Metal (Gunn.) an epithet for guns of a large calibre: HE'DERA (Bot.) xocoós

, a tree so called, according to thus, a ship is said “ To carry heavy metal."

Isidore, because it affords abundance of food, hædis, to Heavy Sea (Mar.) a term implying very strong and high kids ; or because, adhæreat, it clings to other trees; as

Virgil. Ecl. 8, v. 13. HE'BBER-MAN (Com.) one that fishes below water for

Atque hanc sine tempora circum whitings, smelts, &c. commonly at ebbing time.

Inter victrices hederam tibi serpere lauros. HE'BBERTHEF Archæol.) the privilege of having the

It was used for garlands before the introduction of laurel. goods of a thief, and the trial of him within a particular A decoction of the leaves is applied with efficacy to sores liberty.

to cool and mitigate inflammation. Theophrast. Hist. Plant. HE/BBING-WEARS (Mech.) devices, or nets laid for fish 1. 6, c. 1; Poll. 1. 6, c. 17; Dioscor. l. 2, c. 210; Plin. at ebbing time.

1. 16, c. 35; Athen. l. 15; Oribas. Med. Collect. 1. 11; HEBDOMI ADA'RIUS (Law) vide Ebdomadarius.

Aet. Tetrab. 1, serm. l; Paul. Æginet. l. 7, c. 3; Isidor. HEBDOME (Ant.) iBoopen, a day sacred to Apollo, who, on

Orig. 1. 17, c. 9. that account was surnamed 'Erdopeseryeris.

Hedera, in the Linnean system, a genus of plants, Class 5 Hesiod. Dics.

Pentandria, Order 1 Monogynia. xai iedown, ispor immag,

Generic Character. CAL. perianth male.-Cor. petals five. Τη γαρ Απόλλωνα χρυσάορα γείνατο Λητώ, .

-STAM. filaments five; anthers trifid.-Pist. germ turIt was called Hebdome, i. e. the seventh, because it was binate ; style simple ; stigma simple. -Per. berry glokept on the seventh day of every lunar month, when the bular; seeds five. Athenians sung hymns to Apollo. Plut. Sympos. Quæst. ; Species. The species are shrubs, as the-Hedera helit, Suidas, &c.

Common Ivy. - Hedera capitata, seu Aralia, ClusterHEBE Jussieu (Bot.) the Veronica decussata of Linnæus. flowered Ivy. Hedera quinquifolia, seu Helix, FiveHEBENSTREI'TI A (Bot.) a genus of plants, so called from leaved Ivy, &c. Bauh. Hist.; Bauh. Pin.; Ger. Herb.;

Ernst Hebenstreit, Class 14 Didynamia, Order 2 Angios Park. Theat.; Raii Hist.; Tourn. Inst. permia.

Hedera is also the Glechoma hederacea of Linnæus. Generic Character. Cal. perianth one-leaved.-Cor. mo- HEDGE-BOTE (Archæol.) necessary stuff for making

nopetalous.-STAM. filaments four ; anthers crescent hedges, which the lessee for a term of years may of comshaped.—Pist. germ small; style filiform; stigma simple. mon right take from his ground leased. -Per, capsule oblong ; seeds two.

HE'DGE-HOG (Zool.) a well-known animal, the Erinaceus Species. The species are the-Hebenstreitia dentata, Va of Linnæus, which lives in thickets, digs in mossy places, lerianella, seu Pedicularis, Tooth-leaved Hebenstreitia, swims easily; and, when frightened, or angry, rolls itself a biennial.- Hebenstreitia cordata, Heart-leaved Heben up in its spiny skin, screams if the feet are pressed streitia, native of the Cape of Good Hope.

and has the smell of musk. It is tamed, by the Calmucs, HE'BRAISM (Gram.) an idiom of the Hebrew Language. like a cat. The female has five teats, and HECCA'GIUM (Law) is supposed to be rent paid to the brings from three to five young. lord for liberty to use the machines called Hecks.

Hedge-hoG (Her.) this animal, borne as a charge, HECALE'SIA (Ant.) franýci, a festival instituted, accord denotes a man expert in gathering substance.

ing to Plutarch, by Theseus in honour of Hecale. Plut. “He beareth, gules, a hedge-hog, argent, cols in Thes.

lared, or; by the name of Hyre of London." HECATÆ'A (Ant.) izataix, statues erected by the Athe- HEDGE-HY'SSOP (Bot.) the Gratiola of Lin· nians in honour of Hecate. Schol. in Vesp. Aristoph. næus.--Hedge-Mustard, the Erysimum. — Hedge-Nettle, HECATE'SIA (Ant.) iratncia, a public entertainment given the Galeopsis.

or hurt,

with his spurs.

HEDGE-SPARROW (Orn.) a sort of sparrow, so called | HEEL (Mar.) a name usually given to the aft-end of the

from its frequenting hedges : it is the Motacilla modularis ship's keel; also to the lower end of the stern posts. The
of Linnæus.

Heel of a mast is the lower end, which fits into the ship's
HEDGE-WAR'BLER (Orn.) another name for the Hedge keel.

to Heel (Mar.) to stoop, or incline to either side ; as The HE'DRA (Anat.) the anus.

ship heels to starboard.' HE'DRICÒS (Med.) an epithet for remedies appropriated HEELER (Sport.) an epithet for a cock that strikes much

to the anus. HEDWI'GIA (Bot.) a genus of plants, so called from John HEELING®(Mar.) the square part left at the lower end of Hedwig, Class 8 Octandria, Order 1 Monogynia.

a mast. Generic Character. Cal. perianth one-leaved.—Cor. mo HE'GIRA (Chron.) an Arabic term signifying literally flight,

nopetalous.--Stam. filaments eight; anthers oblong.- is the name of an Æra which takes its date from the period Pist. germ conical ; style none; stigma blunt.-Per. that Mahomet was obliged to escape from the city of capsule large; seeds nut.

Mecca, which was Friday, July, A.1). 622; from which Species. The single species is a tree, as the Hedwigia period the Arabians have since kept their account of time. balsimifera, seu Bois.

(vide Chronology) HEDYCA'R YA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 22 Dioecia, HEIGHT (Geom.) vide Altitude. Order 11 Icosandria.

HEIR (Law) from the Latin hæres ; one, ex justis nuptiis Generic Character. Cal. perianth.-Cor. none.—Stam. procreatus, who succeeds by descent to lands, tenements, none; anthers many.-Pist. germs many; style none;

and hereditaments. Heirs are of different kinds, as apstigmas scattered.- Per. none; seeds nuts six or ten. parent, presumptive, general, special, by custom and by Species. The single species is a shrub, as the Hedycarya devise.--Heirs apparent are such whose right of inheritdentata, native of New Zealand.

ance is indefeasible, provided they outlive the ancestor.HEDYCREA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 5 Pentandria, Heirs presumptive are such who, if the ancestor were to Order 1 Monogynia.

die immediately, would be his heirs, but who are liable Generic Character. Cal. perianth one-leaved. COR. to be defeated by some contingency; as the birth of a

none.-STAM. filaments five; anthers roundish.--Pist. child, &c.Heirs general, or heirs at law, are those who, by germ roundish; style villose; stigma blunt.--Per. drupe the Common Law, inherit the lands and tenements of their ovate; seed nut ovate,

father or ancestor at his death. — Heirs special are the Species. The single species is a tree, as the Hedycrea in issue in tail claiming per formam doni.- Heir by Custom is cana, seu Licania, native of Guiana.

one who, by the custom of particular places, enjoys the HEDYC ROI (Med.) from nduxpoos, an epithet for certain right of an heir by Common Law.-Heir by Devise, other. aromatic medicines. Gal. de Antid. I. 1, c. 10.

wise called hæres factus, is only a devisee of lands. Co. HEDYO'SMUM (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 21 Mo Lit. 11, 12, &c. noecia, Order 7 Polyandria.

Heir, in the Scotch Lar, is distinguished into the-Heir
Generic Character. Cal. in the male ; perianth none. active, who has the right of action.Heir by conquest, who

CoR. none. -Stam. filaments none; anthers many. succeeds to the deceased in lands, &c. to which the latter
Cal. in the female; perianth one-leaved.-Cor. none. did not himself succeed as heir to his predecessors.—Heir
-Pist. germ oblong; style short; stigma simple.- Per. of line, who succeeds lineally.-Heir passive, he whom
berry roundish; seed single.

the law makes liable to be heir.--Heirs portioners, when Species. The two species

are natives of Jamaica, as the women succeed to their respective portions. - Heirs of Hedyosmum nutans et arborescens.

provision, or destination, who succeed by virtue of a parti-
HEDYOSMUS (Bot.) a species of the Cunilla of Linnæus. cular provision.— Heir in tailzie, he to whom an estate is
HEDYO'TIS (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 4 Tetrandria, entailed.
Order 1 Monogynia.

HE'IR-LOOM (Law) a term applied to such goods and perGeneric Character. Cal. perianth one-leaved.-Cor. mo sonal chattels as are not inventoried after the owner's denopetalous.-STAM. filaments four ; anthers roundish. cease, but necessarily come to the heir with the house; it Pist. germ roundish; style filiform ; stigmas two.—Per. is so called from the Saxon leome, a limb, or member. Co. capsule twin; seeds few.

Lit. 18. 185; Spelm. de Feud. Species. The species are mostly perennials, as the Hedyotis || HEIRSHIP Moveables (Law) the best of certain kinds of graminifolia, seu Oldenlandia, native of the East In moveables, which, in the Scotch Law, the heir of line is dies.- Hedyotis rupestris, seu Thymelia, native of Ja entitled to take. maica; but the Hedyotis pumila is an annual, and native | HEISTE'RA (Bot.) a genus of plants, so called from of Tranquebar, &c.

Laurence Heister, professor of medicine, Class 10 Decan. HEDY'PNOIS (Bot.) a genus of plants very nearly allied dria, Order 1 Monogynia. to the Apargia.

Generic Character. Cal. perianth one-leaved.-Cor. peHEDY'SARƯM (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 17 Diadel tals five.-STAM. filaments ten; anthers roundish.-Pist. phia, Order 4 Decandria.

germ roundish; style upright; stigma four-cleft.—PER. Generic Character. Cal. perianth one-leaved.-Cor. pa drupe oblong ; seed nut oval.

pilionaceous.-STAM. filaments simple; anthers roundish. Species. The single species is a tree, as the Heistera
-Pist. germ slender ; style subulate; stigma simple. - coccinea, seu Borbonia, native of Martinica.
Per. legume roundish; seeds solitary.

HELCHESA'ITES (Ecc.) vide Elcesaitæ.
Species. The principal species are the - Hedysarum alhagi, || HELCONIA (Med.) from inxos, an ulcer; an ulcer in the

Genista, seu Agul, Prickly Hedysarum.--Hedysarum external or internal superficies of the cornea of the eye.
linifolium, seu Indigofera, Flax-leaved Hedysarum.- | HELCY'DRION (Med.) from Axos, an ulcer, and idag,
Hedysarum sororium, seu Lens-Hedysarum gangeticum, water; a moist ulcerous pustule.
Onobrychis, seu Phaseolus, Oval-leaved Hedysarum. HELCY'SMA (Med.) (arvo puce, the scoriæ of silver used as
Clus. Hist.; Bauh. Hist., Bauh. Pin. ; Ger. Herb.; a styptic. Dioscor. l. 5, c. 101
Park. Theat. Bot.; Raii Hist. ; Tourn. Inst.

HELCY'STER (Surg.) inxusing, a book for extracting the foetus.
HEDI'SMATA (Med.) any thing that gives medicines a HELE’NIA (Bot.) another name for the Helenium of Lin-

pleasant taste.

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