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blood royal of England are generally labels differently charged. The distinctions of houses in general, as given in fig. 7, are as follow, namely,

First House,

Fig. 7, Plate III (40). 1. The Label is borne by the eldest son while his father is

living, to denote that he is but the third person, his fa

ther being one, his mother another, and himself the third. 2. The Crescent is borne by the second son, to show that

he should increase the family by estate or reputation. 3. The Mullet, or spur-rowel, for the third, signifies that

he should follow the pursuits of chivalry. 4. The Martlet, for the fourth son, to denote that he should

become a soldier, and defend castles, which were the

abodes of the martlet. 5. The Annulet, for the fifth son, reminds him that he

should achieve great actions. 6. The Fleur de Lis, for the sixth son, reminds him of his

country and his prince. 7. The Rose, for the seventh son, reminds him that he

should endeavour to flourish like that flower. 8. The Moline, for the eighth son, reminds him that he

must strive for his own advancement. 9. The Double Quatrefoil shows that the ninth son is removed from his eldest brother by eight degrees.

The Second and following Houses. The Second House has the crescent with the label on it

for the first son of the second; with the crescent on it for the third son, of the second son, and so on with the others. The Third House has the mullet with the label on it for the first son of the third son, with the crescent on it for the second son of the third son, and so on with all the different members in this and the other houses.

Marshalling. Marshalling is the orderly disposing of sundry coat armours

pertaining to distinct families, marshalled on account of descent, marriage, alliance, gifts of the sovereign, adoption, &c. To this branch of the science may also be added an account of the different degrees of Nobility,

the orders of Knighthood, and tables of precedency. Of things marshalled some have their place within the

escutcheon, and some without. Things marshalled within the escutcheon. The things mar

shalled within the escutcheon are the arms of different families marshalled on account of descent, marriage, alliance, &c. When a shield is divided into four or more parts, the arms that are so borne are termed quarterly, as fig. 16, Plate No. III (40); the act of thus dividing the shield is termed quartering; and the division itself, together with the figures borne therein, is also called a quartering. When a coat is borne with four or more quarterings, and any one or more of these quarterings into two or more coats, then such a quarter is termed a grand quarter, and is said to be quarterly, or counter-quartered; if the coats are placed palewise in the escutcheon, it is termed impaling, as in the case of man and wife, which

in blazon are termed baron and femme. Arms of a man and his wife, or wives. When a man's arms

and his wife's are impaled together, those of the man are placed on the dexter side, as in fig. 10, Plate No.III. (40) and of the woman on the sinister. Ifa man marry two wives the coat of the first shall be placed on the sinister side of the chief part, and that of the second on the base impaled with the husband; in case of a man and his three wives, the two first tierced with his own, and

the third in base, &c. Arms of an Heiress. The arms of an heiress, when mar

ried, are not to be impaled with the arms of her hus. band, but are to be borne upon an escutcheon of pretence, as fig. 11. It is termed an escutcheon of pretence, because it denotes his pretension to her estate; and if the husband have issue by her, the heir of these two inheritors shall bear the hereditary coats of arms of the father and mother quarterly; the first and fourth quarters containing the father's arms, and the second and third

the mother's, as in fig. 16. Arms of a widow. A widow impales the arms of her late

husband on the dexter side of the paternal coat of her ancestor upon a lozenge, as in fig. 12. If the widow be also an heiress, her arms are to be borne on an escutcheon of pretence over those of her late husband in a lozenge,

as in fig. 13. Arms of a Bachelor. The arms of a bachelor are as in fig. 8. A

bachelor, while he remains such, may quarter bis paternal coat with other coats if they belong to him; but he

may not impale it till he is married. Arms of a Maid. The arms of a maid are to be placed in

a lozenge, as in fig. 9 ; and if her father bore any difference in his coat, the same is to be continued to de

note what branch she is from. Arms of a Commoner and his Lady. When a. commoner

is married to a lady of quality, he is not to impale her arms with his own; but they are to be set aside of one another in separate shields, as in fig. 14, as the lady still

retains her title and rank. Arms of a Knight and his Lady. When a knight of the

garter is married, his wife's arms must be placed in a distinct shield, as in fig. 17, because his arms are surrounded with the ensign of that order ; for though the husband may give his equal share of the shield and hereditary honour, yet he cannot share his temporary or.

der of knighthood with her. Arms of alliance. Arms of alliance are such as betoken

the alliance of the bearer to other families, which are always borne quarterly, the paternal coat being always placed in the first quarter. Examples of such arms are given in Plate No. V. (42). The first that quartered arms in England was King Edward III. who bore Eng. land and France in right of his mother Isabel, daughter

and heir of Philip IV. King of France. Arms of office. Arms of office are marshalled by way of

impale, like those of man and wife; the right side being given to the coat that represents the office, and the left

to the paternal coat, as the Arms of a Bishop, in fig. 15. There are, besides these, other kinds of arms, as arms of

dominion, arms of pretension, arms of community, assumptive arms, arms of patronage, arms of adoption,

&c. [vide Arms] Exterior ornaments of the Escutcheon. The exterior or

naments of the escutcheon are the helmet, mantling, crest, escroll, wreath, motto, supporters, cap of dignity and crown, which are denominated by the general name of timbres, from the Teutonic timner, signifying a top or summit; whence to timbre the arms is to adorn them

with helmet, mantle, crest, &c. Helmet. The helmet, which is placed on the top of the

escutcheon, varies both in form and the materials of which it is made. Those of sovereign princes are of gold, those of the nobility of silver, and those of gentlemen of polished steel. The full-faced helmet, with six bars, as in fig. 18, is for the King and princes of the blood; the side-long helmet, with five bars, is for dukes and marquisses, &c. as fig. 19. The full-faced helmet of steel, with its beaver or vizor open, is for knights, as in fig. 20; and the side-long helmet, with the vizor shut,

for the esquire, as in fig. 21. Mantling. The mantling, or mantle, was anciently fixed

to the helmet, to which it served as a covering. Mant

in the centre a cross of eight points, &c. thereon lings, are now used like cloaks to coverthe whole atchieve. within the circle, motto, and wreath of the order, three ment. The mantle in blazon is said to be doubled, i. e. imperial crowns, and also a broad crimson ribbon from lined throughout with some one of the favours above

the right shoulder to the left side, and pendent therenamed. The common tincture, or colour of these,

from the badge of the Order, namely, a cross of eight both for nobility and gentlemen, is gules, but the King's

points, enamelled argent, edged gold, having in each of is cloth of gold.

the four angles a lion passant, gardant, crowned or, and Crest. The crest, or cognizance, is placed upon the most

in the centre of the said cross three crowns of gold eminent parts of the helmet, but yet so as to admit the

within the circle and motto of the order, surrounded by interposition of the mantle, wreath, &c. Crests were an

two branches of laurel issuing from an escrol azure ciently worn in the field in order to distinguish the

thereon, inscribed Ich dien, as in fig. 2.-Order of the wearers from others by means of their followers, who Thistle, styled the most ancient Order of the Thistle, is

said to have been instituted by Achaius, King of Scotwere in the habit of wearing their leaders' crest. As appendages to the crest are the-Wreath, which serves

land, and therefore claims antiquity above that of the

Garter. The collar of this order consists of thistles as a support; it is composed of two colours wreathed or twisted together, as in fig. 23.- The Escroll, as in fig. 22, and sprigs of rue; the badge consists of a cross of St. which was formerly in great estimation as a support to

Andrew, as in fig. 3; whence this order of knighthood the crest.

has been denominated the Order of St. Andrew.-Order Motto. The motto, word, or saying, consists of the word of St. Patrick, styled the most illustrious Order of St. or phrase which gentlemen carry in a scroll under or

Patrick, was instituted by our late Sovereign in 1783. above their arms; of which examples are given in the

It is the only order belonging to Ireland, and is one of atchievements, Plate No. V. (42).

the most magnificent in Europe, as in fig. 4. The foreign Supporters. Supporters were originally only ancient de Orders of Knighthood will be considered under the head

of Order. vices or badges, which by custoon came to embellish armorial ensigns. They are called supporters because

Order of Precedency. The order of precedency as prethey hold the shield; and if they be of the figures of

scribed on all public solemnities, is as in the following

table. angels, or human beings, they are called by the French tenents. Of these there are examples in Plate No. V.(42.)

Table of Precedency of Men. Cap of dignity. The Cap of Dignity, otherwise called

The King a Ducal Cap, is a head tire which dukes and commanders

Prince of Wales. were accustomed to wear in token of excellency, as

King's Sons. fig. 24. This cap must be of a scarlet colour, and turned

King's Grandsons. up with ermine.

King's Brothers. Crowns and Coronets. Crowns are worn only by sovereign

King's Uncles. princes, in distinction from coronets, which are worn by

King's Nephews. nobility, and are inferior to the former, both in size and

Husbands of the King's Daughters. richness. A comparative view of the crown, coronets, Archbishop of Canterbury, Lord-Primate of England. &c. worn in England, is given in fig. 25 to 35, Plate Lord High Chancellor, Lord Keeper, being a Baron.. No. III. (40); and a more particular account of each

Archbishop of York, Primate of England. may be found under its respective head.

Lord High Treasurer. Ensigns, civil and military. Ensigns are the insignia of

Lord President of the Privy Council. knighthood, of which there are four orders belonging

Lord Privy Seal. to Great Britain, namely, the Order of the Garter, the

Lord Great Chamberlain. Order of the Bath, the Order of the Thistle, and the

Lord High Constable. Order of St. Patrick.-- The Order of the Garter, distin

Earl Marshal. guished by the title of the most noble Order of the Gar

Lord High Admiral. ter, was instituted by Edward III. ; it consists of twenty

Lord Steward of His Majesty's Household. six Knights Companions, generally princes and peers, Lord Chamberlain of His Majesty's Household. whereof the King of England is the sovereign, forming

Dukes according to their Patents. a college or corporation, and having a great and little

Eldest Sons of Dukes of the Blood Royal. seal. Their officers are, a prelate, chancellor, register,

Marquesses according to their patents. king at arms, and usher of the black rod. They have

Dukes' eldest sons. also a dean, 12 canons, petty canons, vergers, 26 pen

Earls according to their patents. sioners, &c. The habit and ensigns of the order are a Younger sons of Dukes of the Blood Royal. garter, mantle, cap, and collar. The collar is composed

Marquisses' eldest sons. of pieces of gold in the fashion of garters; to this is

Dukes' younger sons. affixed the image of St. George, called the George,

Viscounts according to their patents. which is the badge of the order, together with the motto,

Earls' eldest sons. Honi soit, qui mal y pense. The star, which has been

Marquisses' younger sons. introduced subsequently to the other insignia, is a sort Bishops of London, Durham, Winchester, and all other biof cross irradiated with beams of silver, as fig. 1, Plate shops, according to their seniority of creation. No. IV. (41).-Order of the Bath, styled the most ho

Secretary of State, being a Baron. nourable Order of the Bath, so called from a part of the

Commissioners of the Great Seal. ceremony, of creation, was instituted or revived by

Barons according to their patents. Henry IV. at his coronation. By the ordinance of his

Speaker of the House of Commons. present Majesty, as Prince Regent, in 1815, it was Treasurer, Comptroller, and Vice-Chamberlain of the House. made to consist of three classes of Knights, namely,

hold. Ist, Knights Grand Crosses; 2dly, Knights Comman Secretary of State, being under the degree of a Baron. ders; and 3dly, Knights Companions. The first Class,

Viscounts' eldest sons. or Grand Crosses, wear a star of silver rays, having

- Earls younger sons.

Barons' eldest sons.

two luns in chief, and an anchor in base, the cable penKnights of the Garter.

dent, or ; by the name of Shipton. On an helmet, proPrivy Councillors.

per, mantled, gules, doubled, argent, a wreath of his Chancellor of the Exchequer.

colours, whereon is placed a ducal coronet, proper, out Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster.

of which proceeds a bull's head couped, sable, armed, Lord Chief-Justice of the King's Bench.

argent." These are the arms of the Wright family of Master of the Rolls.

Cheshire, who are descended from Thomas Buckley, Lord Chief Justice of the Common Pleas.

who, in the reign of Henry IV, first assumed the name Lord Chief Baron of the Exchequer.

of Wright. Judges and Barons of the degree of the coif of the said court, Baronets. Fig. 3. “ The field is paleways, of six pieces, according to seniority.

argent and azure, on a bend, gules, three cinquefoils, or, Bannerets made by the King himself in person.

in the dexter chief point the arms of Ulster for the Viscounts' younger sons.

Baronet's mark. Above, an helmet suiting the dignity Barons' younger sons.

of a baronet, mantled, gules, doubled, argent ; and for Baronets.

his crest, on a torce, argent and azure, a stag in full Bannerets not made by the King himself in person.

course, escarfoned about the neck, argent, attired and Knights of the Thistle.

unguled, or.” This atchievement belonged to the right Grand Crosses.

worshipful Sir Edward Stradling, of Glamorganshire, Knights of the Bath.

whose ancestor, Sir John, was the fifth baronet created. Knights Commanders of the Bath.

Archbishop of Canterbury. Fig. 4. The arms of the Companions of the Bath.

Archiepiscopal see of Canterbury are azure, an episKnights Batchelors.

copal staff in pale, or, ensigned with a cross patee, ar. Eldest sons of the youngest sons of Peers.

gent, surmounted by a pall of the last, charged with four Baronets' eldest sons.

crosses, patee fitchy, sable, edged and fringed of the Knights of the Garters' eldest sons.

second. Bannerets' eldest sons.

Baron. Fig. 5. He beareth quarterly, first and fourth, Knights of the Thistle and Baths' eldest sons.

argent, a chevron, gules, between three buckles, sable; Knights' eldest sons.

second, or, two lions passant gardant, gules ; third, arBaronets' younger sons.

gent, on a bend ingrailed, gules, a leopard's head beEsquires of the Knights of the Bath.

tween two crescents of the field, and on a chief, azure, Esquires by creation.

three catherine wheels of the last. Supporters, two uniEsquires by office.

corns, argent, their horns, manes, tuffs, and hoofs, or, Younger sons of Knights of the Garter.

each gorged with a ducal collar, party, per pale, or and Younger sons of Bannerets of both kinds.

gules. Crest, on a wreath of his colours, a moorcock's Younger sons of Knights of the Bath.

head couped between two wings erect, sable, his comb Younger sons of Knights Batchelors.

and wattles, proper ;" the arms of Morton Lord Ducie. Gentlemen.

Viscount. Fig. 6. “He beareth quarterly, first and fourth, Table of Precedency of Women.

sable ; in the first a lion rampant, argent ; second and The order of precedency among women is regulated on the

third as the lion. Supporters, on the dexter side, an

antelope, ermine, his horns, mane, tuffs, and hoofs, or, same principle as that of the men. Atchievements. The atchievement is the arms of every

and on the sinister a sea horse, argent, his mane and tip

of the tail, as the dexter, each standing on a cannon, gentleman, according to his degree, well marshalled with the supporters, helmet, crest, &c.

proper. Crest, on a wreath of his colours, an antelope The following are examples of atchievements for the dif at gaze, as the supporter, and his tail extended;" the ferent degrees, beginning with the lowest.

arms of Admiral Byng Viscount Torrington.

Earl. Fig. 7. “ He beareth party per pale, azure and Atchievements, Plate No. V (42).

gules, three lions rampant, argent, supported on the Gentry. Fig. 1. The paternal coat of the Honourable dexter side by a leopard of the last spotted of all co

Lieutenant-General William Tatton, quarterly, first and lours; on the sinister by a lion, as in the arms, fourth, argent, a crescent, sable ; second and third gules, each collared with a ducal collar, the first azure, the a crescent of the first ; another in the Fesse-point for second gules. Crest, on a wreath of his colours, a wy: difference countercharged, as the field. For his crest on vern, vert, holding in his mouth a sinister hand, couped a helmet mantled gules, doubled argent, a wreath of his at the wrist of the second;" the atchievement of the colours thereon, a greyhound sejant argent, tied by the Earl of Pembroke.

neck to a hawthorn tree, fruited proper, with a band or. Duke. Fig. 8.“ Field, sable, three harts' heads caboshed, Fig. 2. “ He beareth quartered nine coats ; viz. 1. Sable, argent, attired, or, supported by two stags, proper, at

on a chevron, between three bulls' heads caboshed, a tired as the former, and each collared with a chaplet of crescent, argent, for difference; by the name of Wright. flowers and greens. Crest, on a wreath of his colours, 2. Argent, on a chevron, sable, three pheons, or, by the a serpent noozed, proper;" the atchievement of the Duke name of Bickerton. 3. Ermine, on a chief indented, of Devonshire. azure, two ducal coronets, between them an annulet, The Prince of Wales. Fig. 9. The arms of the Prince of argent, for difference; by the name of Leach. 4. Argent, Wales, or the heir apparent to the throne, differ from on a cross engrailed, sable, five mullets of the first; by the Royal Arms in nothing else but the addition of the the name of Frodsham. 5. Argent, an orle between label, and the motto Ich dien, i.e. I serve, which was eight martlets, sable; by the name of Winnington. brought into use by Edward the Black Prince, who took 6. Gules, on a chief, argent, three annulets of the first;

it from John, Prince of Bohemia, whom he slew at the by the name of Offerton. 7. Azure, a tyger passant, battle of Crescy. Before the Union, the heir apparent or; by the name of Lowe. 8. Vert, on a fesse, between to the kingdom of England had for his proper and pecuthree stags tripping, or, a trefoil slipped of the first; by liar device, what was corruptly called the Prince's armes; the name of Robinson. 9. Gules, à chevron, between namely, a coronet of Fleurs de lis, and crosses patee, or,

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beautified with three ostrich's feathers, argent, and on HERCULES (Astron.) one of the 48 old constellations an escroll the motto before mentioned.

which is in the northern hemisphere, and contains, accordThe King. Fig. 10. The Royal ensigns, armorial, are as ing to Ptolemy, 29; to Tycho, 28; and to the Britannic

follow : quarterly, first, gules, three lions passant gar Catalogue, 113 stars. dant, in pale, or, for the arms of England impaled with HERCULEUS morbus (Med.) vide Heracleos. those of Scotland, which are, or, a lion rampant within | HERDELE’NGE (Sport.) the dressing of a roe. a double tressure counterflory, gules ; the second, a HE'RDWERCH (Archæol.) labours for herdsmen, formerly rose in lieu of the arms of France, which are no longer done at the will of their lord. quartered with the Royal Arms ; third, azure, an Irish | HEREBA'NNUM (Law) from the Saxon here, an army, harp, or, stringed, argent, for Ireland; fourth, Semé and ban, an edict; a mulct for not going armed into the party, per pale and per chevron, in the first, gules, field when summoned. two lions passant gardant, or, for Brunswick; in HE'REBOTE (Law) from the Saxon here, an army, and the second partition, or, semy of hearts, gules, and a bote, a messenger; the king's edict commanding his sublion rampant, azure, armed and langued of the first, for jects into the field. Lunenburgh; the base is gules, a horse current, argent. HERE'DITAMENTS (Law) hæreditamenta, all such imOver these three last, on a shield of pretence, gules, moveable things which a man may have to him and his Constantine's crowrı, all within the garter, the chief heirs by way of inheritance. They are either corporeal or ensign of that most noble order. Above the whole a incorporeal.-Corporeal hereditaments are such as affect the helmet suitable to his Majesty's Royal dignity; upon the senses, as lands, houses, &c.-Incorporeal hereditaments are same a rich mantle of cloth, doubled ermine, adorned rights issuing out of things incorporeal, as advowsons, gardant, or crowned with the like for the crest. Sup. HEREDITARY diseases (Med.) such diseases as children

| .) porters, on the dexter side, a lion rampant gardant, or, derive from their parents in the first rudiments of the crowned as the former ; on the sinister side, a unicorn, fætus. argent, armed, crined, and unguled, or, gorged, with HEREFARE (Archæol.) a being engaged in warfare. a collar of crosses patee, and fleurs de lis, a chain HE'REGATE (Archæol.) a tribute paid to the lord for the thereto affixed, passing between his forelegs, and re carrying on a war. flexed over his back, or; both standing on a compart- || HE'RĖGELD (Archæol.) a tax raised for maintaining an ment, from whence issue two royal badges of his Ma. army. jesty's chief dominions; namely, a Red Rose for HERE'LLUS (Ich.) a little sort of fish, perhaps the minows. England, and a Thistle for Scotland ; and on the com- || HE'RENACH (Archæol.) an archdeacon. partment an escroll with this motto, DIEU ET MON | HE'REMONES (Archeol.) followers of an army. Lamb. DROIT, which words were first used by Richard I. on Leg. In. c. 15. gaining a great victory over the French.

HERE'SLITA (Archæol.) or heressa, a hired soldier that deHE'ŘBA (Bot.) the Herb is defined by Linnæus to be that parts without licence; from the Saxon here, an army, and

part of a vegetable which arises from the root, is termi slitan, to slide or slip away, nated by the fructification, and comprehends the stem, || HERE'SIARCH (Ecc.) espectápxrs, from siperis, heresy, and leaves, fructification, and hybernacle.

sepzos, the chief of a sect of heretics, or the author of a HERBACEOUS (Bot.) herbaceous; an epithet for plants or

heresy. stems that perish annually down to the root.

HE'RETIC (Ecc.) one who is tainted with heresy. HE'RBÆ (Bot.) is the name of the fourth nation or tribe HE'RETOG (Archæol.) from the Saxon here, an army, and into which Linnæus divided the vegetable kingdom.

togen, to lead; the leader of an army. HERBAGE (Law) the liberty to feed cattle in another HERÈTO'CHIA (Archæol.) vide Heretog. man's ground.

HERE'TUM (Archeol.) a court in which the guards of the HERBAGIUM anterius (Archæol.) the first crop of bay or nobility used to be drawn up. grass.

HERGRI'PPA (Archæol.) pulling by the hair, from the HERBAL (Bot.) the title of a book which gives an account Saxon haer, the hair, and znýpan, to seize.

of the names, natures, and uses of plants or herbs. HERIGALDS (Archæol.) a sort of garment. HE'RBALIST (Bot.) one who is skilled in distinguishing the HE'RIOT (Law) from the Latin herus, a lord, signified orie i forms, virtues, and natures of all sorts of herbs.

ginally a tribute given to the lord of the manor for his HERBARIUM (Bot.) a place set apart for the cultivation better preparation for war: it is now used for the best of herbs.

beast that the tenant dies possessed of, which is due and HERBA'TUM canadensium (Bot.) Sweet-scented All-Heal. payable to the lord of the manor. Heriots are of two HE'RBENGER (Archæol.) or harbinger, an officer in the kinds—Heriot service, which is due upon a special reserva.

king's house who goes before and allots to the noblemen, tion in a grant or lease of lands, and heriot custom, which and those of the king's household, their lodging. Kitch. depends upon immemorial usage and custom. fol. 176.

HE'RISCHİLD (Law) from the Saxon here, an army, and HERBenger is also an inn-keeper.

scyld, a shield; military service, or a knight's fee. HERBERGA'GIUM (Archæol.) lodgings to receive guests | HÉ'RISCINDIUM (Law) a division of household goods. in the way of hospitality,

HE'RISLIT (Law) a laying down of arms, from the Saxon HERBERGATUS (Archeol.) an epithet for what is in an here, an army, and slitan, to split. inn.

HE'RISSON (Fort.) a barrier made of beams stuck with HERBERGARE (Archæol.) to harbour, entertain; from iron spikes to block up a passage.

the Saxon haere berg, a house of entertainment. HE'RISTAL (Archæol.) a castle, from the Saxon here, an HERCE (Archæol.) signifies literally a harrow, but is taken army, and stall, a station. for a candlestick in the form of a harrow, which is set up HE'RITABLE (Law) an epithet for what is to be inherited. in churches, in which many candles are placed, at the head [vide Hereditaments]—Heritable and moveable rights an. of a cenotaph. Flet. l. 2, c. 77.

swer in the Scotch law to what is called in England real HERCIA (Archæol.) vide Herce.

and personal property.--Heritable bond, a bond in ScotHERCIA'RE (Archæol.) to harrow.

land for money, joined with a conveyance of land, or he

ritage.-Heritable jurisdictions, grants of criminal jurisdic- || Hern at siege (Sport.) a phrase for a hern standing at the tion, heretofore bestowed on great families in Scotland.

water-side, and watching for prey: HERITIE'RA (Bot.) a genus of plants, so called from || HERNA'NDIA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 21 Monoecia,

Charles L'Heritier, Class 21 Monoecia, Order 8 Mona Order 3 Triandria. delphia.

Generic Character. Cal. involucre.-Cor. petals six.Generic Character. Cal. perianth one-leaved.-CoR. none.

Stam. filaments three; anthers upright.-Pist. germ -Stam. none; anthers ten.--Pist. germs five; style roundish; style filiform; stigma oblique. Per. drupe short; stigma club-shaped.Per. drupe juiceless; seeds dry; seed nut globular. solitary

Species. The two species are trees, as the-Hernandia Species. The species is a tree, as the-Heritiera littoralis, sonora, Whistling Hernandia.—Hernandia ovigera, EggSamundara, seu Nagam, Looking-glass Plant.

fruited Hernandia. HERMÆ'A (Ant.) špuãie, a festival observed in honour of HERNE'SSUM (Archæol.) or hernesium, any sort of house

Eppiñs, i. e. Mercury, in different parts of Greece. Æschin. hold furniture, ship's tackle, &c. Plac. Par. 22, Ed. 1. in Timarch ; Paus. in Arcadic. &c.; Athen. Deipnos. | HE'RNIA (Surg.) xàn, a tumour or rupture, which is occa1. 14.

sioned mostly by the protrusion of some viscera, as the Hero HERMA'NNIA (Bot.) a genus of plants, so called from nia cerebri, a rupture of the brain. Sometimes the tumour

Paul Hermann, Class 16 Monadelphia, Order 2 Pentan has water for its contents, when it is called a Hydrocele, and dria.

sometimes air, when it is a Pneumatocele, or flatulent hernia. Generic Character. Cal. perianth one-leaved.-Cor. pen When the tears stagnate in the saccus lachrymalis it is called

tapetalous-Stam. filaments five; anthers upright. a Hernia lachrymalis. When the testicles are filled with unPist. germ róundish; styles filiform; stigmas simple. natural humours it is a Hernia humoralis. When the tu. Per. capsule roundish: seeds many.

mour of the testicle is hard, like a scirrhus, it is called a Species. The species are shrubs, natives of the Cape, as Sarcocele. It is moreover distinguished, as to its contents,

the--Hermannia althæifolia, seu Ketmia, Marsh Mallow into an enterocele, epiplocele, and entero-epiplocele, &c. when leaved Hermannia.--Hermannia trifurca, seu Althea, both the intestine and omentum contribute to the formation Hermannia plicata, Plaited-leaved Hermannia.-Her of the tumour.-As to its situation, when the hernia lies in

mannia alnifolia, Alder-leaved Hermannia, &c. &c. the groin it is a bubonocele, or inguinal hernia; when in the HERMANNIA is also the Mahernia pinnata of Linnæus. scrotum, oscheocele, or scrotal hernia ; when below PouHERMAPHRODITE (Anat.) que@póditos from Hermes, part's ligament, a crural or femoral hernia ; when the bowels

Mercury, and Aphrodite, Venus ; an epithet for an animal protrude at the navel it is an exomphalos, or umbilical which has the genital parts of both sexes.

hernia ; and when in any other promiscuous part, in the HERMAPHRODITE (Bot.) an epithet for a plant which has front of the abdomen, it is generally called a ventral hernia ; both the anther and the stigma.

but when a protruded portion of the testicle or omentum HE'RMAS (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 23 Polygamia, adheres to the testicle after its descent into the scrotum, Order 1 Monoecia.

this is called a hernia congenita, signifying that it is, as it Generic Character. CAL. umbel universal.-Cor, universal. were, born with us, because it happens mostly either on or

-STAM. filaments five ; anthers oblong:-Pist. germ in soon after the birth. As to the degree, a hernia is reducible ferior; styles two; stigmas obtuse.—Per. none; seeds when the contents are readily put back into the abdomen; cordate, orbicular.

and an irreducible hernia when they cannot be put back. Species. The species are, the-Hermas depauperata, seu It is an incarcerated, or strangulated hernia, when a con

Bupleurum.--Hermas ciliata, seu Perfoliata, &c. &c. striction takes place in the intestine. Cel. 1. 7, c. 18; Gal. HE'RMER (Archæol.) from the Saxon her, a lord, and de Tum. præt. Nat. et Def. Med.; Paul. Æginet. &c. maene, greater; a great lord among the Saxons.

HERNIA'RIA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 5 Pentandria, HERMES (Nat.) or St. Hermes' Fire, a sort of meteor ap Order 2 Digynia. pearing in the night on the shrouds of ships.

Generic Character. Cal. perianth one-leaved.-Cor. none. HERMEÄSI AS (Bot.) the Brownea rosa of Linnæus.

-Stam. filaments five; anthers simple --Pist. germ HERME'TICAL art (Chem.) a name given to chemistry, on ovate; style scarce any; stigmas two.-Per. capsule

a supposition that Hermes Trismegistus was the inventor small; seeds solitary. thereof.Hermetical philosophy, a sort of philosophy which Species. The species are mostly annuals, as the-Herniaria professes to explain all the phænomena of nature from the glabra, Smooth Rupturewort.- Herniaria hirsuta, Hairy three chemical principles, salt, sulphur, and mercury: Rupturewort; but theHerniaria fruticosa, seu PolyHermetical medicine, that system in the art of healing gonum, Shrubby Rupturewort, is a perennial. Dod. which is founded on hermetical philosophy.-Hermetical Pempt.; Bauh. Hist.; Bauh. Pin. ; Ger. Herb. ; Park. seal, a manner of stopping glass vessels for chemical ope Theat. Bot.; Raii Hist. ; Tourn. Inst. rations, so that nothing can exhale or escape.

HERNIO'TOMY (Surg.) from hernia, and réparw, to cut; an HERMIA'NIANS (Ecc.) a branch of the Hermogenians. operation of removing the strangulated part in cases of inHERMI'NUM (Bot.) the Ophrys monorchis of Linnæus. carcerated hernia. HERMITO'RIUM (Ecc.) an oratory, or place of prayer, || HERO'DIANS (Ecc.) a sect of Jewish heretics who took belonging to a hermitage.

Herod for the Messiah. HERMODACTYLUS (Bot.) another name for the Iris of HEROIC (Poet.) an epithet for a poem that sets forth the

Linnæus, which was employed by the ancients as a ca noble exploits of princes and heroes.- Heroic verse is the thartic.

hexameter verse which was used by the poets in their heHERMOGENIANS (Ecc.) a sect of heretics so called from

their leader Hermogenes, who in the second century | HE’RON (Orn.) a bird similar in kind to the crane and the broached many impious notions respecting God as the au stork, with which it is classed in the Linnean system under thor of evil. 'He was opposed by Tertullian in a treatise the

genus Ardea. It is seven feet in height when standing, written expressly against his doctrines. Tertull. cont. is docile, easily tamed, and very voracious, but capable of Hermog.; Baron. Annal. Ann. 170, &c.

long abstinence. It feeds principally on fish and frogs, HERN (Orn.) the same as Heron; whence hern-shaw, the and was formerly reckoned a bird of game when heronplace where herons breed.

hawking was the fashionable diversion,

roic poems.

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