c. 12.

HERPES (Med.) épzne, from épou', to spread; a bilious pus geneous particles, such as are of different kinds, natures,

tule breaking out in different ways; it was distinguished by and qualities. the ancients into io lopeiros, the corroding, and xinxpirs, the Heterogeneous light (Opt.) that which consists of parts of miliary herpes. Hippocrat. Prædict.; Cels. 1.5, c. 28; Gal. rays of different refrangibility, reflexibility, and colour.

Def. Med.; Scribon. Larg. c. 14; Oribas. Synop. I. 7, | Heterogeneous quantities (Math.) those which cannot have c. 33; Paul. Æginet. I. 4, c. 20; Act. Meth. Med. I. 2, proportion, or be compared together, as to greater or less,

as lines, surfaces, and solids in geometry. Herpes is now reckoned a genus of diseases, Class Locales, Heterogeneous surds (Algeb.) such as have different ra

Order Dialysis, in Cullen's Nosology. The four principal dical signs, as va and 3/62. species are-1. Herpes carnosus, or the Dry Tetter, the HeteroGENEOUS numbers (Arith.) such as consist of inmost simple of all; 2. Herpes pustularis, in the form of a tegers and fractions. pustule; 3. Herpes miliaris, the Miliary Tetter, so called | HeteROGENEOUS nouns (Gram.) such as have one gender in because it resembles millet seed; 4. Herpes exedens, the the singular and another in the plural. Corroding Tetter.

HETERORYTHMUS (Med.) from pripos, another, and preHERPE'TIC eruptions (Med.) the same as Herpes.

pos, rythm; an epithet applied to the pulse when it beats HERPE'TICA (Bot.) the Cassia alata of Linnæus.

differently in diseases. HE'RPETON (Med.) from épz«, to creep, a creeping ulcer. | HETEROSCII (Astron.) és, from irspos, another, and HE'RRING (Ich.) a well-known sea fish, of a green colour, cric, a shadow; an epithet for such inhabitants of the earth

varied with blue, the Clupea harengus of Linnæus, which as have their shadows falling but one way, as those who inhabits the Northern seas, and migrates southerly in im live between the Tropic and Polar Circles, whose shadows mense shoals towards the coast, for the



at noon in north latitude are always to the northward, and ing, and in its course is followed by numerous predatory

in south latitude to the southward. fishes. It is exceedingly fertile, and well tasted, yields a

HEUCH E'R A (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 5 Pentandria, great quantity of oil, and dies as soon as taken out of the

Order 2 Digynia. water.Herring-cob, a young herring.

Generic Character. Cal. perianth one-leaved.—Cor. petals HE'RRING-BUSS (Mar.) a vessel proper for the herring five.-Stam. filaments five: anthers roundish.-Pist. fishery

germ roundish; style long; stigmas blunt.-Per. capsule HERRING-SILVER (Archaal.) money formerly paid to a ovate ; seeds many. religious house in lieu of a quantity of herrings.

Species. The two species are perennials, as the-Heuchera HERSE (Fort.) a lattice or portcullis made in the form of a americana, seu Cortusa, American Sanicla.-Heuchera harrow, and beset with iron spikes.

dichotoma. HE'RSHIP (Law) the illegally driving off cattle from the HEVEA (Bot.) the Siphonia elastica of Linnæus. grounds of the proprietor.

HE'XACHORD (Mus.) an interval, otherwise called a sixth. HÈRSI'LION (Fort.) a plank stuck with iron spikes, which [vide Music] answers the same purpose as the herse.

HEXAE'DRON (Geom.) išdidov, a solid geometrical figure, HESPERIDÆ (Bot.) a name for the forty-first Order in consisting of six equal sides.

Linnæus' Fragments of a Natural Method, containing the HEXAGON (Geom.) itaryanos, a geometrical figure that has three genera, Citrus, Styrar, Garcinia.

six sides, and as many angles. [vide Geometry] HE'SPERIS (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 15 Tetrady- HEXA'GONUS (Bot.) hexagonal; an epithet for å stem namia, Order 2 Siliquosa.

having six angles. Generic Character. Cal. perianth four-leaved.—Cor. petals | HEXAGY'NIA (Bot.) from it, six, and your one of the Orders oblong.--STAM. filaments six ; anthers linear.–Pist. in the ninth and thirteenth Classes of the Linnean system,

germ prismatic ; style none; stigmas two-parted.-Per. containing those plants which have six styles in the flowers. silique long; seeds many.

HEXAMETER (Poet.) from it, six, and perfor, measure; a Species. The species are biennials and annuals: the follow verse consisting of six feet, as in the poems of Homer ing are the principal biennialsHesperis tristis, Viola and Virgil, throughout. leucoium, Night-smelling Rocket. - Hesperis inodora, HEXA'NDRIA (Bot.) from it, six, and áving, a man, the name Unsavoury Rocket.--Hesperis lacinista, &c. The fol of the sixth Class of plants in the Linnean system, comprelowing are the principal annuals, as the-Hesperis afri hending those plants which have hermaphrodite flowers with cana, African Rocket.--Hesperis verna, seu Kapistrum, six equal stamens. It is divided into six orders, Monogynia, Early-flowering Rocket.--Hesperis lacera, seu Cheiran Digynia, Trigynia, Heragynia, and Polygynia ; under thus, &c. Clus. Hist.; Dod. Pempt.; Bauh. Hist.; which are included the following genera-Bromelia, PineBauh. Pin.; Ger. Herb.; Park. Theat. Bot.; Raii Apple.-Tradescantia, Spiderwort.--Colchicum, MeadowHist.; Tourn. Inst.

Saffron.-Berberis, Barberry.--Hemanthus, Blood-flower. HESPERIS is also the Erysimum alliaria of Linnæus.

- Bambusa, Bamboo. - Allium, Garlick. -Hyacinthus, HETEROCLITES (Gram.) a name given to such nouns as Hyacinth.-- Convallaria, Lily of the Valley.- Hemerocallis,

deviate in gender and declension from the ordinary forms. Day-Lily.-Ornithagalune, Star of Bethlehem.-- Asphodelus, HETEROCŘANY (Med.) étepoxperia, a pain in one part of Asphodel.-Dracæna, Dragon-Tree.--Triglochin, Arrowthe head. Aret. de Caus. et Nat. acut. Affect. 1. 1, c. 2;

Grass. Gal. Def. Med.

HEXAPETALOIDES (Bot.) an epithet for a corolla which HETERODOXY (Ecc.) inspedogla, strangeness of doctrine, is so divided at the base as to have the appearance of six particularly in matters of religion.

petals. HETERODROMUS (Mech.) the name of a lever in which HEXAPE'TALOUS (Bot.) an epithet for a corolla which

the fulcrum, or point of suspension, is placed at one end, consists of six petals. and the power at the other.

HEXA PHY'LLOUS (Bot.) an epithet for a calyx having HETEROGENEOUS (Phy.) or heterogeneal, in the Greek six leaflets. itifoyérne, from itspos, another, and veros, a kind; an epithet | HEXAPTOʻTON (Gram.) a noun declined with six cases. for any thing that consists of different or dissimilar kinds, HEXA'STICH (Poet.) an epigram consisting of six verses. in opposition to homogeneous, as— Heterogeneous bodies, HEXA'STYLE (Archit.) itu suar, a sort of temple among the those that have their parts of unequal density.--Helero ancients, having six columns. Vitruv. l. 3, c. 2.


HEXIS (Med.) ites, the habit or constitution of the body. Hieracites (Min.) ispænitas, a precious stone that is of HEYBOTE (Archæol.) the liberty of cutting underwood the colour of the hawk. Plin. l. 37, c. 10; Aet. 1. 2, for the necessary repairs of hedges or fences.

c. 30. HEYDE'GINES (Archæol.) country dances.

HIERA'CIUM (Bot.) ispersov, Hawkweed, a plant, so called HE'YLOAD (Law) a customary load or burden laid upon the because blindness in hawks is cured by its juice. It is inferior tenants for mending the heys or hedges.

astringent and refrigeratory. Dioscor. 1.3, c. 72; Plin. HEYMECTUS (Archæol.) a net for catching conies.

1. 20, c. 7; Aet. Tetrab. I, serm. 2, c. 30; Paul. Æginet. HEYRS (Husband.) a name for the young timber trees 1. 7, c. 3.

which are left for standards in the felling of woods. HIERACIUM, in the Linnean system, a genus of plants, Class HI'ACINTH (Bot.) vide Hyacinth.

19 Syngenesia, Order 1 Polygamia æqualis

. HIA'TUS (Lit.) a gap or chasm, particularly applied to

Generic Character. Cal. common.-Cor. compound.verses where one word ends with a vowel and the following Stam. filaments five; anthers tubulous.-- Pist. germ begins with one, so as to cause an unnatural opening of subovate; style filiform; stigmas two.—Per. none; seeds the mouth. It is also applied to manuscripts in which solitary there is any deficiency that destroys the connexion.

Species. The species are perennials, as the-Hieracium HIBISCUS (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 16 Monadelphia, incanum, Apargia, Leontodon, seu Picris, Hoary HawkOrder 6 Polyandria.

weed.-Hieracium pumilum, seu Crepis, Dwarf HawkGeneric Character. Cal. perianth double.-Cor. pelals weed.- Hieracium Alpinum, seu Pilosella, Alpine Hawkfive.-STAM. filaments many; anthers kidney-form

weed.-Hieracium aurantiacum, seu Auricula, OrangePist. germ roundish; styles filiform; stigmas headed. flowered Hawkweed. Clus. Hist.; Dod. Pempt.; Bauh. Per. capsule five-celled; seeds solitary.

Hist.; Bauh. Pin.; Ger. Herb.; Park. Theat. Bot.; Species. The species are mostly perennials, having shrubby Raii Hist.; Tourn. Inst.

stalks, as the-Hibiscus moscheutos, seu Althæa.-Hi-Hieracium is also the Crepis barbata of Linnæus. biscus palustris, seu Sida, Marsh Hibiscus.-Hibiscus | HIERARCHY (Ecc.) sapzia, church government; also præmorsus, Pavonia, seu Urena, Round-leaved Shrubby the nine Holy Orders of Angels, consisting of Seraphims, Hibiscus.-Hibiscus populoreus, Alcea, Novella, seu Bu Cherubims, Thrones, Dominions, Principalities, Powers, pariti, Poplar-leaved Hibiscus.-Hibiscus tiliaceus, seu Virtues, Angels, Archangels. Ketmia, Lime Tree-leaved Hibiscus.Hibiscus rosa chi- | HIERA'TICA Charta (Ant.) the finest sort of paper, set nensis, China Rose Hibiscus. Clus. Hist.; Dod. Pemp. ; apart for religious books only. Plin. I. 13, c. 12. Bauh. Hist.; Bauh. Pin.; Ger. Herb.; Park. Theat. || HIĖRA'TICUM (Med.) a poultice for the stomach, so Bot.; Raii Hist.; Tourn. Inst.

named from its supposed divine virtues. Gal. de Com. Hibiscus is also the Alchania malvaviscus of Linnæus.

Med. sec. Loc. I. 8, c. 5.
HI'CCOUGH (Mel.) a convulsive motion of the stomach. HIEROBO'TANE (Bot.) vide Hierabotane.
HICKERY (Bot.) the Juglans alba of Linnæus.

HIERO'CLOE (Bot.) the Holcus odoratus of Linnæus. HICRACOI'DES (Bot.) the Crepis alpina of Linnæus. HIEROCO'MIUM ( Ant.) a lazarhouse, or a house for HI'DAGE (Law) an extraordinary tax formerly payable to

such as have the leprosy. the king for every hide of land. Bract. I. 2, c. 6.

HIEROGLYPHICS (Lit.) ispor du dixed, certain mysterious HIDE of land (Archeol.) a portion of land supposed by some figures or characters used by the Egyptians in the place of

to be 120 acres, by others 100 acres. Bede calls it Fami letters. [vide Alphabets] lia, others Mansum, &c. - Hide and gain, arable and HIERO'GRAPHY (Theol.) from ispos, sacred, and speca, ploughed land.-Hide lands, lands belonging to a hide, or to write ; sacred writing. mansion-house.

HI'EROMANCY (Ant.) i spejuartiía, a divination by sacriHIDE (Vet.) the skin of a beast. Hides are raw when just fices.

taken off the beast ; salted when seasoned with salt to pre- || HIEROMNE'MON (Ant.) ispopernu wr, from spee, sacred things, serve them from putrefying.

and prépar, to take heed of; a delegate chosen by lot, HI'DE-BOUND (Vet.) a disease in horses and cattle when and sent to the great council of the Amphictyons, to take the skin cleaves to the sides.

care of what concerned religion. HIDE-BOUND (Bot.) a term applied to trees when the bark HIEROMNEMON (Ecc.) an officer in the Greek Church who sticks too close.

attended upon the Patriarch. Codin. de Offic. Aul. HI'DEL (Archæol.) a place of protection, a sanctuary. HIERONICES (Ant.) isporixns, from lifas, sacred, and non, HI'DGILD (Law) or hidegild, from the Saxon hide, the skin, a victory; a conqueror at the sacred games, which were

and geld, money, or price; the price by which a villein or the four principal games ; namely, the Olympic, Pythian,

servant redeemed his skin from a whipping, to which he Isthmian, and Nemean. Suet. in Ner. c. 24 ; Fest. de Verb. · had made himself liable by his trespass. Leg. Canut. ; Signif. Flet. I. 1, c. 47.

HIERONOMO'NIANS (Ecc.) an order of monks, so called HIDROA (Med.) from ideas, sweat; a pustular disease pro after St. Jerom. duced by sweating in hot weather.

HIEROPHA'NTES (Ant.) ispo Párt, an expounder of mys. HIDROCRITICA (Med.) from ideas, sweat; signs taken teries and sacred rites; also a priest who officiated at the from sweat.

mysteries of the Eleusinia. [vide Eleusinia] HIDRONO'SOS (Med.) vide Sudor Anglicus.

HIEROʻPHYLAX (Ecc.) an officer in the Greek Church, HIDRO'TICA (Med.) from ideas, sweat; medicines pro who had charge of the sacred utensils, &c. from ispaa moting sweat.

sacred things, and quat, a keeper. HIERA (Ant.) from the Greek ispås, sacred; the name of a HI'EROPYR (Med.) from ispės, sacred, and rüg, fire; an

garland which, after it has been run for and won by erythmematous inflammation,

neither, was consecrated to the gods. Senec. epist. 83. HIGH TREASON (Law) treachery or treason against the HIERA PICRA (Med.) a purging electuary made of aloes, sovereign and his government. spikenard, &c.

High against Paper (Print.) a term implying that if the HIERABOʻTANE (Bot.) a species of Verbena.

punch be not sunk deep enough into the matrice, the let HIERACITES (Ecc.) a sect of heretics in the third cen ter cast will not stand high enough against paper. tury, wbo, among other things, denied marriage.

High and dry (Mar.) a phrase denoting the situation of a

ship that is run aground, and to be seen dry on the beach. Sphoeranthus, an annual.-Hippia frutescens, Eriocepha-High-Sea, the same as Heavy Sea.-High Water, the lus, seu Janacetum, Shrubby Hippia, native of the Cape state of the food tide that has risen to its greatest height.

of Good Hope. -High-water Mark, the line made by the tide on the HIPPING-HOLD (Archæol.) a place where people stay to shore when it is at its greatest height.

chat when they are sent on an errand. HIGH-TAPER (Bot.) the Verbascum thapsus of Linnæus. HIPPOBOʻSCA (Ent.) Horse-Fly, a genus of insects of the HIGHWAY (Law) a public or free passage for the King's Dipterous Order. subjects; on which account it is called the King's Highway.

Generic Character. Mouth with a short cylindric two-Highwaymen, robbers on the highway.

valved sucker; antennæ filiform ; feet armed with nuHI'GLER (Com.) one who buys poultry in the country and merous claws; body flat and hard. brings it to town to sell.

HIPPOCAMPA (Anat.) the process or channel of the HIGHNESS (Polit.) a title of honour given to a prince. upper or foremost ventricle of the brain. HIS TESTIBUS (Law) words signifying literally, " These | HIPPOCA'STANUM (Bot.) the common horse chesnut.

being witnesses” were anciently added in deeds after the HI'PPOCRASS (Med.) a wine spiced and strained through words in cujus rex testimonium.

a flannel bag, called Hippocrates' sleeve. HILA'RIA (Ant.) a festival celebrated by the Romans on HIPPOCRATE'A (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 3 Tri

the eighth of the Calends of April, in honour of the god andria, Order 1 Monogynia. Pan. Herodian, l. 1, c. 10; Macrob. Sat. 1. 1, c. 12; Vo Generic Character. CAL. perianth one-leaved. - Cor. pisc. in Aurel. c. 1; Lamprid. in Aler. Sever. c. 37; petals five. - Stam. filaments three; anthers none. Gyrald. Syntag. Deor. 1. 17, p. 493.

Pist. germ roundish ; style three-sided; stigma blunt.HILARO'DI Ant.) incepudor, itinerant singers and merry Per. capsules three; seeds oblong. andrews. Athen. I. 14, c. S.

Species. The species are perennials, as the-Hippocratea HI'LLIA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 6 Hexandria, volubilis, seu Coa, native of Carthagena.-Hippocratea Order 1 Monogynia.

comosa, seu Bejuco, native of Hispaniola. Generic Character. Cal. perianth double.-Cor. mono HIPPOCREʻPIS (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 17 Dia:lel

petalous.-Stam. filaments six ; anthers oblong.-Pist. phia, Order 4 Decandria. germ inferior ; style filiform ; stigma bifid.--Per. capsule Generic Character. Cal, umbel simple.-Cor. papilionaangular; seeds numerous.

ceous.-Stam. filaments diadelphous; anthers simple.Species. The two species are shrubs, as the Hillia longi Pist. germ slender; style subulate; stigma simple.-flora et tetrandia, natives of Jamaica.

Per. legume compressed; seeds solitary. HILUM (Bot.) the eye ; an external mark or scar of the Species. The species are perennials and annuals. The fol

umbilical chord, where it adheres to the pericarp, which lowing are the principal perennials, namely, the--Hippois particularly illustrated in the Bean; also in Cardio crepis balearica, Shrubby Horse-shoe Vetch.-Hippospermum, Staphylea, Dolichos, &c.

crepis comosa, seu Ferrum equinum, Tufted Horse-shoe HIMANTO'SIS (Med.) from inues, a thong; a relaxation of Vetch, &c. The following are the principal annuals :the uvula, when it hangs down like a thong.

Hippocrepis unisiliquosa, seu Sferra, Single-podded HIN (Ant.) 1o, a Jewish liquid measure, equal to one gal Horse-shoe Vetch, native of Italy.-Hippocrepis multilon and two pints wine measure.

siliquosa, Many-podded Horse-shoe Vetch. Bauh. Hist.; HINAPARITI (Bot.) the Hibiscus mutabilis of Linnæus. Bauh. Pin.; Park. Theat. Bot.; Raii Hist. ; Tourn. HIND (Archæol.) a servant of the family, especially one Inst. employed in husbandry.

HIPPODROMUS (Ant.) irodówes, from imos, a horse, HIND-ČA'LF (Zool.) a hart of the first year.

and oppos, a course; a horse-course, or the ground where HI'ND-MEN (Archeol.) from the Saxon bindene, society; chariot and horse races were performed. Martial. l. 12, · a name for those who belonged to a particular class. The epig. 5. · Saxons were divided into three classes ; the first, twelf- | HIPPOGRO'STIS (Bot.) the Panicum hippogrostis of Lin

hindmen, who were valued at twelve hundred shillings ; the second, sixhindmen, who were valued at six hundred HIPPOLAPATHUM (Bot.) vide Lapathum. shillings ; and the third, twyhindmen, at two hundred. HIPPOʻMANES (Bot.) istovavis, a plant, so called from Their wives were termed Hindas. Brompt. Leg. Alfred. intos, a horse or mare, and peavia, because if eaten by c. 12.

mares it makes them mad. Aristot. Hist. Anim. I. 6, c. 17, HINE (Archæol.) vide Hind.

&c.; Theoph. Hist. Plant. 1. 9, c.5; Plin. l. 8, c. 42; HINEFARE (Archæol.) the loss and departure of a servant Ælian. Hist. Anim. I. 13, c. 17; Solin. · from his master. Doomsday-book.

Hippomanes, in the Linnean system, a genus of plants, HINGE (Mech.) that part of the ironwork belonging to a Class 21 Monoccia, Order 8 Monadelphia. door on which it is made to turn.

Generic Character. Cal. perianth one-leaved.—Cor. HI'NNY (Zool.) the produce of a horse and a female ass, a none.-Stam. filaments single ; anthers four.-Pist. variety of the Equus asinus of Linnæus.

germ ovate; style short; stigma sharp.- Per. drupe HIP (Ånat.) the upper part of the thigh.

globular ; seeds irregular. HIPPA (Ent.) a name given by Fabricius to a division of Species. The species are trees, as the-Hippomanes Man

the genus Cancer, comprehending those insects which have cinella.--Hippomanes Juglandi, seu Malus.-Hippomanes two pedunculate antennæ.

biglandulosa, Laurifolia,

seu Tithymalus, native of AmeHI'PPACE (Ant.) izrárn, from irros, a horse ; the rennet of rica. Raii Hist.

a colt, cheese made of mare's milk. Dioscor. 1. 2, c. 80. HIPPOʻPHAES (Bot.) i popuss, according to Dioscorides, HUPPIA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 19 Syngenesia, a shrubby plant, which is of use to fullers in scouring Order 4 Polygamia necessaria.

clothes; it is also called intoQuvis, hippophanes, intoQues, hipGeneric Character. CAL. common.-Cor. compound. pophyes, and iTropues, hippophyon, by Theophrastes. It is

STAM. filaments five; anthers cylindric.—Pist. germ reckoned good for purging off pituitous humours. Hipe large; style bifid; stigma upright. Per. capsule angular; pocrat. de Intern. Morb.; Theophrast. Hist. Plant. 1. 6, seeds many.

c. 6; Dioscor. l. I, c. 162; Plin. l. 21, c. 15; Gal. ExSpecies. The species are the-Hippia integrifolia, seu eges; Oribas. Med. Collect. 1. 11; Paul. Æginet. 1. 7, c. 9.


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HIPPOPHAES (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 22 Dioecia, || HIRSUTUS (Bot.) hirsute, or rough with hair; an epithet Order 4 Tetrandria.

for the stem, frond, calyx, &c. as in Serratula Alpini, and Generic Character. CAL. perianth one-leaved.-Cor. none. the legume, as in Lathyrus odoratus.

-STAM. filaments four ; anthers oblong.–Pist. germ HIRTE'LLA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 5 Pentandria, roundish; style simple; stigma thickish.—Per. berry su Order 1 Monogynia. perior ; seed single.

Generic Character. Cal. perianth one-leaved.-Cor. petals Species. The species are shrubs, as the-Hippophaes five.-Stam. filaments five; anthers orbiculate.- Pist.

Thamnoides, Osyris rhamnus, seu Rhamnoides.--Hippo germ roundish; style filiform; stigma simple. -Per. berry
phaes Canadensis, Canadian Sea Buckthorn. Bauh. oval ; seed one.
Hist.; Bauh. Pin.; Ger. Herb.; Park. Theat. Bot. ; Species. The species are trees, as the-Hirtella Americana,
Raii Hist.; Tourn. Inst.

native of Cayenne.-Hirtella triandria, native of JaHIPPOPHÆ'STON (Bot.) the Centaurea calcitrope of Lin maica.— Hiriella paniculata, &c. native of Cayenne.

HIRTUS (Bot.) rough-; an epithet like hirsute. HIPPOPO'DIUM (Bot.) the same as the Buxbauhmia of HIRU'DO (Ent.) Leech, a genus of animals, Class Vermes, Linnæus.

Order Intestina. HIPPOPOʻTAMUS (Zool.) in nÓnota pes, from ano, a horse, Generic Character. The body is oblong and truncate at

and zóta vos, a river ; a beast living in the river, with a both ends, and moves by dilating the head and tail. back and mane like a horse, and with cloven feet like the Species. The principal species are the-Hirudo mediciox, as we learn not only from the descriptions of ancient nalis, the Medicinal Leech.-Hirudo sanguisuga, the writers, but also from the medals of the ancients, as may Horse Leech, &c. be seen under the head of Nilus. Herod. 1. 2; Aristot. HIRUNDINARIA (Bot.) another name for the Asclepias. Hist. Anim. I. 2, c. 12, &c.; Diodor. Sic. 1.1; Plin. l. 8, HIRU'NDO (Orn.) x2.001, the swallow; a bird remarkable c. 25; Solin. c. 30; Elian. Hist. Anim. I. 7, c. 19.

for flying near the water, and building its nest with mud. HIPPOPOTAMUS, in the Linnean system, the River-Horse, a Pliny mentions three kinds of swallows, namely, the

genus of animals, Class Maminalia, Order Belluç, having House-Swallow, the Wild Swallow, and Rock-Swallow, four foreteeth in each jaw, tusks solitary, feet hoofed at which builds its nest in the clefts of rocks. Arist. Hist. the margin.

Anim. 1.9, c. 10, &c.; Plin. 1. 10, c. 33; Elian. Hist. Anim. HIPPOSE'LINUM (Bot.) i Torixovor, from isto, a horse, 1. 1, c. 52, &c.

and osniver, parsley; a kind of purslane. Theophrast. Hist. Hirundo, in the Linnean System, a genus of birds, Order Plant. I. 7, c. 6; Dioscor. 1. 3, c. 78; Plin. l. 19, c. 8.

Passeres. HIPPOSELINUM, in the Linnean system, a species of the Generic Character, Bill small and curved; gape larger Smyrnium.

than the head; tongue short and broad; wings long; HIPPU'RIS (Bot.) is*%ps, from inace, a horse, and xpce, a tail mostly forked.

tail; a plant, called by the Latins equisetum, because its Species. The principal species are the Hirundo rustica, leaves are in the shape of a horse's tail. Dioscor. I. 4, the Common Swallow.- Hirundo urbica, the Martin.c. 46, 47; Plin. I. 26, c. 13; Oribas. Med. Coll. 1, 11; Hirundo riparia, the Sand Martin.-Hirundo apus, the Aet. Tetrab. 1, serm. ); Paul. Æginet. 1. 7, c. 3.

Swift. HIPPURIS, in the Linnean system, a genus of plants, Class 1 HI'SPA (Ent.) a genus of insects, Order Coleoptera, having Monandria, Order 1 Monogynia.

the antennæ cylindrical ; feelers filiform; thorax and shell Generic Character. Cal. a two-lobed rim.Cor, none. often spinous.

STAM. filaments one; anther roundish.—Pist. germ HI'STER (Ent.) a genus of Insects, Order Coleoptera, hav

oblong; style one; stigma sharp.- Per. none; seed one. ing the antennæ clavate; head retractile; mouth forcipated; Species. The species are perennials, as the-Hippuris shells shorter than the body; fore-shanks toothed.

vulgaris, Limnopeuce, Equisetum, Polygonum, seu Cauda, HI'STORY, in Greek isopia, signifies literally curiosity, or Common Mare's-tail.- Hippuris tetraphylla, four-leaved a love of knowledge, which being best acquired by deMare's-tail.- Hippuris Indica, seu Cyperus, Indian scription, the term has since been applied to denote an Mare's-tail. Dod. Pempt.; Bauh. Hist.; Bauh. Pin. ; account of events, circumstances, and things, in an orderly

Ger. Herb.; Park. Theat. Bot.; Raii Hist.; Tourn. Inst. series. History is distinguished, according to the subjects, HIPPURIS is also the Equisetum sylvaticum of Linnæus.

into-Civil history, or history in its proper sense, a deHI'P-ROOF (Carpent.) a roof that has neither gable heads, scription of the civil affairs of nations in a due order of shread heads, nor jerkin heads.

time.-Sacred History, the historical part of the sacred HIPS (Bot.) the ripe fruit of the Dog-rose, which are prin writings, which contains an account of divine affairs de

cipally used as a sweet-meat; or, in a preserved state, to scribed by inspired writers.-Profane history, a description mix up with medicines.

of human affairs written by uninspired writers.—EcclesiHIP-SHOT (Vet.) an epithet for the hip-bone of a horse astical history, an account of the affairs of the Christian when it is moved out of its right place.

church in due order of time.- Natural history, a descripHI'PTAGE (Bot.) the Gærtneria racemosa of Linnæus. tion of all natural objects in a systematic order, according HI'P-TREE (Bot.) the Rosa canina of Linnæus.

to their connexions, properties, &c. HIRÆ'A (Bot.) a genus of plants, so called from Nicol de To history belongs chronology, by which the order of. la Hire, Class 10 Decandria, Order 3 Trigynia.

events is more precisely defined, according to different Generic Character. CAL. perianth five-leaved.-Cor. petals measures of time. [vide Chronology). By the applica.

five.--Stam. filaments ten; anthers roundish.—Pist. tion of this science to history, tables have been formed germ roundish; styles three; stigmas bifid.-Percap of the most remarkable events from the creation of the sules three; seeds solitary.

world; but as it does not fall within the limits of this. Species. The single species is a tree, as the Hirea reclina work to illustrate this subject, suitably to its extent, and of Linnæus.

importance, the reader is referred to Patavius, Usher, RicHIRAPATA'NGA (Bot.) Brasil wood.

cioli, Sir Isaac Newton, and other writers on Chronology. HIRCISCU'NDA (Law) the division of an estate among heirs. HISTORY (Paint.) a picture composed of divers figures, or HI'RCULUS (Bot.) a kind of spikenard. Plin. l. 12, c. 12. persons, and representing some transaction, either real or HIRCUS (Astron.) another name for Capella.


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HITCH (Mar.) in French clé, a sort of knot, or noose, by HOGASTER (Husband.) a young sheep of the second

which one rope is fastened to another rope, or some other year.
thing, as a bolt, ring, &c. Hitches are distinguished by | HO'GENHINE (Law) or Third-Night-Awn-hind.
the name of a half-hitch, a clove-hitch, a rolling hitch, &c. HOGGA'CIUS (Archæol.) vide Hogaster.
according to the nature of the knot.

HOG’S FENNEL (Bot.) the Peucedanum officinale of LinTo Hitch (Mar.) is to fasten a rope, &c.

næus, a perennial. HITHE (Mar.) a little port or haven for landing, loading, HOʻGMANE (Man.) the mane of a horse when cut short. or unloading goods, as Queen-hithe, &c.

HO'G-PLUM (Bot.) the Spondias of Linnæus. HIVE (Mech.) a basket which serves as a receptacle for HOGSHEAD (Com.) a liquid measure containing 63 gal

bees.-Hive-drop, a sort of wax which bees make at the lons. mouth of their lives to keep off the cold.

HO'G WEED (Bot.) the Polygonum aviculare of Linnæus, HLAFORDSO'ENA (Law) the lord's protection, from the

an annual. Saxon hlafond, the lord, and soon, liberty. Leg. Athel.c.5. HOIST of a flag or sail (Mar.) its perpendicular height, in HLASO'CNER (Law) from the Saxon leza, law, and opposition to the fly. Hoist implies also the foremost rocn, liberty; the benefit and protection of law.

leeches of stay-sails, and mast-leeches of boom-sails. HLO'TH-BOTE (Law) from the Saxon, hloth, a crowd, to Hoist (Mar.) to draw up any thing by means of tackles. · or riot, and botz, a compensation; a mulct set on him HO'LCUS (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 23 Polygamia, who is in a riot.

Order 1 Monoecia. HO'ASH-MEN (Com.) an ancient company of traders in Generic Character. Cal. glume orie-flowered.-Cor. glume sea-coal, at Newcastle.

two-valved.-STAM. filaments three; anthers oblong.HO'AY (Mar.) a sea term added to an exclamation in order Pisr. germ ovate; styles two; stigmas oblong.–PER.

to attract attention; it is equivalent to the word hear, as none; seeds solitary. • Main-top! họay.

Species. The species are perennials, as the-Holcus spiHOB (Sport.) a small piece of wood in a cylindrical form, catus Panicum, seu Gramen, Spiked Holcus.-Holcus on which boys are used to lay to pitch at.

sorghum, Sorghum Melica, seu Cholomon, Indian Holcus HO'BLERS (Law) men who by their tenure were obliged or Millet.- Holcus halepensis, seu Andropogon, Panicled to do knight's service on little hobbies.

Holcus.Holcus mollis, seu Avena, Soft Holcus, or HO'BBY (Man.) a small kind of horse ; a pony:

creeping soft grass. Clus. Hist.; Dod. Pempt.; Bauh. HOBBY (Sport.) a sort of hawk that preys upon doves, larks, Hist.; Bauh. Pin.; Ger. Herb. ; Park. Theat. Bot.; &c.; it is the Falco subbuteo of Linnæus.

Raii Hist.; Tourn. Inst. HO'BIT (Gunn.) a sort of small mortar.

HOLD (Mar.) the whole interior cavity or belly of a ship, HO'CCUS Salis (Archæol.) a hoke or lesser pit of salt. which is either the After-hold, or the Fore-hold, according HO'CK-TIDE (Archæol.) from the Saxon heah-tid, i. e. to its situation behind or before in the vessel. The Main

high time; a festival anciently celebrated in England in hold is that which is just before the main-mast. memory of the sudden death of King Hardicanute, and rummage the hold,is to examine its contents. “ To trim the downfal of the Danes.-Hock-Tuesday-Money, a duty or stow the hold,to arrange the things in the hold. that was paid to the landlord that his tenants might cele Hold is also taken for the situation of a ship; whence the brate Hock-Tuesday, which was the Tuesday se'nnight phrase “ To keep a good hold of the land.” “ To hold after Easter.

on," i. e. to pull back the hind part of any cable, or rope, HO'CKET (Mus.) the name formerly given to a rest, or the which is heaved round by the capstan, &c. " To hold cutting a note short without accelerating the time.

water," to stop a boat in her course. A ship is also said HO'CKETTOR (Archæol.) or Hocqueteur, an old French - To hold her own," when she goes as fast as another

word for a knight of the post, a decayed man, a basket ship.
Statut. Ragman.

To Hold out (Print.) a term applied to paper, books, letter, HOD (Mech.) a sort of tray used by bricklayers for carry &c. signifying to last out so as to complete any purpose: ing mortar.

thus, an impression is said to hold out, if the intended numHO’DMAN (Cus.) a young scholar admitted from West ber of gathered books is completed. Quires of paper that

minster-School to be a student at Christ-Church College, have twenty-five sheets a piece in them are said “ To hold Oxford.

out five and twenties." HODMAN (Mech.) the bricklayer's labourer who fetches the | HO'LDFAST (Mech.) an iron hook particularly constructed mortar.

for fixing any thing to a wall. HODGE.POT (Law) the putting together of lands of seve HO'LDING over a term (Law) the keeping possession of ral tenures, for the more equal dividing of them.

premises, &c. against the will of the landlord. HOE (Husband.) a husbandman's tool for cutting up weeds. HOLE (Print.) any private lurking place where unlicensed HOFFMANNIA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 4 Tetran printing is carried on. dia, Order 1 Monogynia.

HO'LIBÚT (Ich.) the Pleuronectes Hippoglossus, the largest Generic Character. CAL. perianth one-leaved.-Cor. mo of all aquatic animals, except the whale tribe, frequently

nopetalous.-Stam. filaments none; anthers four.--Pist. weighing 400 pounds. It has a mucous body, with oblong germ inferior; style subulate ; stigmas blunt.- Per. berry scales, which stick firmly; above liver coloured, and belong; seeds numerous.

neath white. The flesh is fat and coarse, except the part Species. The single species is the Hoffmannia pedunculata, adhering to the side fins. native of Jamaica.

HOLI'PPÆ (Med.) thin cakes prepared of fine flour and HOG (Zool.) a well-known animal, the Sus of Linnæus, sugar, which were used in the mixing up of medicines.

which digs in the earth with its snout, feeds on every thing, HO'LLÍ (Bot.) a resinous liquor. - however filthy, and is very prolific. The Common Hog, or HO'LLOW (Archit.) a concave moulding, about a quarter Sus scrofa, inhabits Europe, India, and Persia.

of a circle, by some called a casement, by others an abacus. Hog (Mar.) a sort of flat scrubbing-broom, serving to scrape || HOLLOW SQU'ARE (Mil.) a body of foot drawn up with off the filth from a ship's bottom.

an empty space in the middle for the colours, drums, and To Hog a ship (Mar.) to clean it with a hog.

baggage. It faces every way, and is covered by the pikes HOGA (Archæol.) a mountain or hill,

to oppose the enemy's horse.

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