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HOLLOW TO'WER (Fort.) a rounding made of the re- || HOʻMA (Med.) an anasarcous swelling.

mainder of two brisures, to join the curtain to the orillon HOʻMAGE (Law) homagium, the submission and oath of where the small shot" are played, that they may not be loyalty which a tenant makes to his lord when he is first exposed so much to the view of the enemy.

admitted to the land which he holds of the lord in fee. It HOLLOW RO'OT (Bot.) the Adora moschatellina of Lin is also the submission and duty which an inferior prince or

a subject pays to his sovereign.-Homage ancestral is where HOLLOW-WAY (Mil.) any pass or road, both sides of a man and his ancestors have, time out of mind, held their which are commanded by heights.

land of the lord and his ancestors by homage. HO'LLY (Bot.) the Ilex aquifolium of Linnæus. - Knee || HOMAGER (Law) one that does, or is bound to do,

Holly, the Ruscus aculeatus.-Sea Holly, the Eryngium homage to another. marilinum.

HOMA'LIUM (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 13 PolyanHO'LM Oak (Bot.) the Quercus Ilex of Linnæus.Sea Holm, dria, Order 3 Trigynia. the Eryngium maritimum.

Generic Character. CAL. perianth one-leaved. - COR. HOLOCAUST (Bibl.) önérausov

, a sacrifice that is alto petals six.–Stam. filaments eighteen; anthers roundish gether burnt on the altar; a whole burnt offering.

-Pist. germ roundish ; styles three; stigma simple.HOLOGRA'PH (Ant.) from ones, the name of a will written Per. capsule ovate ; seeds many. all with the testator's own hand.

Species. The species are trees, as the-Homalium raceHOLO'METER (Math.) from óxos, the whole, and pétpor, a mosum et Racoubea, natives of Jamaica.

measure; an instrument for taking all sorts of measures. HOME (Mar.) a term used in several sea phrases, to denote HOLOSCHE'NUS (Bot.) the Scirpus lacustris of Linnæus. the situation which properly, or usually, belongs to any HOLO'STEA (Bot.) the Stellaria holosteum of Linnæus. object, or the place where it can act with best effect; as HOLO'STEUM (Bot.) órócsov, from óxos, all, and ósior, bones, “ Haul home the top-sail sheets !” an order to extend the

signifying all bone; a plant so called by the figure anti bottom of the topsail to the lower yard-arms, by means of phrasis, because it is soft, and totally without the hardness the sheets. “ Sheet home, the top-gallant sails !" an order

which belongs to bones. Dioscor. 1.4, c.11; Plin. 1.27, c. 10. to extend the clews of those sails to the top-sail-yard arms. HOLOSTEUM, in the Linnean system, a genus of plants, Class The anchor is said “ To come home,when it loosens from 3 Triandria, Order 3 Trigynia.

the ground. “ The cartridge is home,” when it is rammed Generic Character. Cal. perianth five-leaved.-Cor. petals close down, so that the priming wire may pierce it through

five.--Stam. filaments three ; anthers roundish.-Pist. the touch-hole. A cask, bale, or case is said “To be germ roundish; styles three; stigmas bluntish.—Per. home” when it lies close to some object. “A vessel is capsule one-celled; seeds many.

homeward bound,which is returning from a voyage to the Species. The species are annuals, as the-Holosteum place whence she set out. diandrum, Two-Stamened Holosteum. - Holosteum HOME-STALL (Archæol.) a mansion-house. umbellatum, Alsine, Caryophyllus, seu Cerastium, Um- HOME-SERVICE (Mil.) a service which consists in milibelled Holosteum, &c. Bauh. Hist.; Bauh. Pin.; tary operations and arrangements for the immediate deGer. Herb.; Park. Theat. Bot. ; Raii Hist.

fence of our native country. Holosteum is also the Acrostichum septentrionale of Lin- HOME-DEPARTMENT (Polit.) that department of the

executive government where every thing relating to the HOLOTHU’RIA (Ent.) a kind of sea-fish full of prickles. interior regulations is conducted. Aristot. Hist. Anim. I. 1, c. 1; Plin. 1.9, c. 47.

HOMESO'KEN (Law) Homsoken, or Hamsoken, from the HOLOTHURIA, in the Linnean system, a genus of animals, of Saxon ham and rocn, immunity or liberty; the privilege the Class Vermes, Order Mollusca.

or freedom which every man has in his own house, whence Generic Character. Body detached, cylindrical, naked, he who enters the house of another violently is said “ Facere

and apen at the extremity; Mouth surrounded by Homesoken." Leg. Canut. c. 39. Homesoken is also freefleshy tentacula.

dom from an amercement for committing the above offence. Species. These animals inhabit the sea, and expand or Homesoken, or Haimsucken, in the Scotch Law, is the

retract themselves at pleasure. The anterior aperture crime of beating a man in his own house. serves them both as a mouth and a vent.

HOMESTALL (Archæol.) vide Home. HOLOTO'NICOS (Med.) odotornès, from ones, the whole, HOMICIDE (Law) Homicidium, from homo, a man, and and tsivw, to stretch; the same as a Tetanus.

cædo, to kill; is the causing the death of a human creature, HO'LSOM (Mar.) a term applied to a ship that rides without which is either justifiable, excusable, or felonious.-- Justirolling or labouring.

fiable Homicide is that which takes place by unavoidable HO'L Y Rood (Ecc.) or Holy Cross, a festival kept on the necessity, or by permission of the law.-Ercusable Homi

14th of September, in memory of the exaltation of the cide is that which happens by misadventure.-- Felonious Holy Cross, or of our Saviour's Ascension.-Holy Thurs Homicide, the killing a man without any justification or day, otherwise called Ascension Day. [vide Ascension Day] excuse. This may be simply Manslaughter, when it is

- Holy Water, the consecrated water with which the Ro committed without any malice; and Murder where the act man Catholics sprinkle themselves.-Holy Week, the last is wilful, and consequently malicious. week in Lent, otherwise called Passion Week.

HOMELETICAL virtues (Eth.) virtuous habits required of HOLY-WATER-SPRINKLE (Sport.) another name for men in all conditions, for the regulating their mutua conthe tail of a fox.

versation. HOLY-THI'STLE (Bot.) the Centaurea benedicta of Lin- HOMILY (Ecc.) oponía, a plain discourse made to the peo

ple, instructing them in matters of religion. St. August. ir HOLY-GHO'ST, Order of (Her.) the principal military Psal. 118, in Proem.; Vict. Uticens. de Persecut. I. 1;

order in France, instituted by Henry III. in 1569. The Phot. in Bibl. Cod. 172. The term homily is now applied knights wear a golden cross about their necks, suspended in an especial manner, to the sermons which have been se. by a blue silk ribband or collar.

lected from the Fathers for the service of our Church. HOLY-STONE (Mar.) a soft porous sort of stone used in HOMINATIO (Archæol.) the mustering of men, and doing ships for the purpose of scouring the decks.

of homage. HOLY-BUT (Ich:) vide Holibut.

HO'MINE eligendo (Law) a writ to a corporation for the

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choice of a new man, to keep the one part of a seal ap-|| HOMUNCIONITÆ (Ecc.) a name for heretics who denied pointed for statutes merchant.-Homine replegiando, a writ the Divinity of our Saviour.

to bail a man out of prison.—Homine capto in Witherna HOND-HABEND (Archæol.) vide Hand-habend. · miam is a writ to take him who hath taken any bondman, || HONE (Mech.) in Saxon haen, a fine sort of whetstone and conveyed him out of the country, so that he cannot be

for razors. replevied.

HO'NESTY (Bot.) the Lunaria of Linnæus, a plant so called, HO'MINES (Law) a sort of feudatory tenants who claimed probably from the transparency of the seed vessels.

the privilege of having their causes and persons tried in HONEY-COMB (Gunn.) a flaw in the metal of a piece of the court of their lords.

ordnance when it is badly cast. HOMIPLA'GIUM (Law) the maiming of a man. Leg. HO'NEY-DEW (Nat.) a sort of mildew on plants, flowers, Hen. I, c. 80.

&c. HO'MMOC (Mar.) a name given to a small eminence of HONEY-FLOWER (Bot.) the Melianthus of Linnæus.land, of a conical form, that appears on a sea coast.

Honey-Suckle, the Lonicera caprifolium-French HoneyHOMO (Zool.) Man, in the order of the animal kingdom, Suckle, the Hedysarum coronarium. - Honey-Wort, the as arranged by Linnæus, is the first genus of the Class

Cerinthe major. Mammalia, Order Primates.

HO'NGRELINE (Mil.) a sort of Hungarian jacket, which HOMOCENTRIC (Math.) an epithet for what has the same was supposed to resist a pistol ball, or a sword. or a like centre.

HONI soit qui mal y pense (Her.) i. e. evil be to him that HOMEMERICAL Principles (Phy.) certain principles evil thinks; the motto of the most noble Order of the

which, according to Anaxagoras, are in all mixed bodies. Garter, &c. HOMEOPTOTON (Rhet.) owocótrato, a figure wherein HONOR (Law) the most noble part of seignories, upon

several members of a sentence end in like cases. Quintil. which other inferior lordships, or manors, depend, by the 1. 9, c. 3; Rutil. Lup. 1. 2, c. 13.

performance of some customs, or services, &c. - Honor HOMEOTELE'UTON (Rhet.) om ooríAIUTOV, a figure Courts, courts held within the bounds of an honor.

wherein several members of a sentence end alike. Schol. Honor (Polit.) maids of honor, ladies in the queen's housead Hermog. aspi id. 1. 1; Rutil. Lup. 1. 2, c. 14.

hold, whose office it is to attend the queen when she goes HOMOGENEAL Particles (Phy.) or Homogeneous Parti out; of these there are six in England.

cles, such as are of the same kind, nature, and properties. | Honor (Cus.) is a term used by military men upon different HOMOGENEAL Light (Opt.) light whose rays are all of occasions, as “ An affair of honor,” a dispute to be de

one colour and degree of refrangibility, without any mix cided by a duel, or a single combat. “ Word of honor," a ture with others of a different kind.

verbal promise, or engagement, which cannot be violated HOMOGENEAL Surds (Algeb.) those which have the same ra without entailing indelible disgrace on the violator. “A dical sign.

point of honor," a scruple arising from delicacy of feeling, HOMOGENEOUS Equations (Flux.) a term for such forms which determines the actions of a man on particular occa

of the two first Auxions, of the first order, in which the sions. “ Debts of honor,” which are contracted, and paid sum of the dimensions of u and y, which affect i and j, rise solely on honorable grounds. to the same degree in all the terms.

Honor (Mil.) a name for the external marks of honor paid HOMOGENEUM Adfectionis (Algeb.) the second term of by military men to sovereigns, or their superiors in com

a compound or affected Equation, being that which makes mand, which vary according to the rank of the person. it affected.--Homogeneum Comparationis, the absolute or Honors of war, the terms which are granted to a van. known number, or term in a compound or affected equa quished enemy on marching out of a town, &c. These tion, which is placed by Vieta, who first used these terms, vary according to the customs of the country, and the ciron the right hand side of the equation, all the others being cumstances of the case. placed on the left. Viet. Isagog. c. 8, &c.

HO‘NORABLE (Her.) an epithet for certain ordinaries, or HOMOGRAPH (Mil.) a sort of telegraphic signals per bearings, in coat armour, which are in higher esteem than formed by means of a white pocket handkerchief.

others. HOMOLI'RION (Bot.) crude flax, or coarse cloth, made of HO'NORABLY acquitted (Mil.) a term used in military and flax which is not previously macerated and whitened.

naval Courts-Martial. HOMO'LOGOUS (Geom.) opodoyos, from ouos, like, and HONORARY Feuds (Law) titles of nobility descendible dogos, ratio ; proportional, an epithet applied to the corre to the eldest son in exclusion of all the rest.

Honorary sponding sides of similar figures, which are so called Services, such as relate to the tenure of grand serjeanty. because they are proportional to one another. Euclid. which are commonly joined with some honor. Elem. 1. 6, prop: 4.

HONORARY (Cus.) a salary given to the professors of any art. HOMOLOGOUS Things (Log.) such as agree only in name, HONOR-POÄINT (Her.) that point next above the centre being different in nature.

of the shield, as the point D in the escutcheon [vide HOMOLOGATION (Law) a ratification implied or ex Escutcheon), which divides the upper portion into two

pressed of a deed, in the Scotch Law, that was null or equal portions. invalid.

HOOD (Mar.) a sort of low wooden porch resembling the HOMONOPHAGIA (Med.) a head-ache.

companion of the master's cabin. HOMONYM (Log.) ομωνύμου, from oμος, like, and όνυμα, Hood is also the name given to the upper part of the galley

a name; an equivocal term, or a term which is common chimney, which is made to be trimmed, or turned round to different things : as man, which signifies either an ani by the wind, for the direction of the smoke.

mal, or the picture of an animal. Aristot. Categor. HOODED-MILFOIL (Bot.) the Utricularia vulgaris of HOMOPHAGIA (Ant.) we payla, feasts of the ancients Linnæus, a perennial. wherein they ate raw meats.

HOODED-WILLOW HERB (Bot.) the Scutellaria orienHOMOPLATÆ Os (Anat.), the scapula or shoulder blade. talis, a perennial. HOMOTO'NOS (Med.) ópótovos, an epithet for fevers which HOODING Ends (Carpent.) those ends of the planks which

proceed in the same tenor from the beginning to the end. fit into the rabbets of the stem and stern posts. HOMOOU'SION (Theol.) oposicio, a term among divines, || HOOF (Vet.) the horny part of a horse's foot.--Bony Hoof,

which signifies the being of the same substance or essence. a round bony swelling on a horse's hoof.-Hoof-bound,

}: the shrinking of the top of a horse's hoof.--Hoof-cast is | HORDEUM is also the Elyrnus Europæus of Linnæus. said of the hoof when the coffin, or horn, falls clearly away.

HORDICA'LIA (Ant.) feasts wherein they sacrificed cows -Hoof-loosened is when the coffin loosens from the flesh. that were with calf. HOOK (Mech.) in the Saxon hoce, a bended iron for hang

HOʻRE-HOUND (Bot.) or White Hore-Hound, the Maring things upon.

rubium alyson of Linnæus, a biennial.-Base Hore-Hound, Hook (Mar.) there are different kinds of hooks used at sea, the Stachys sylvatica, a perennial.— Black Hore-Hound,

varying in shape and size; as Boat-hooks, Breast-hooks, the Ballota nigra, a perennial.-Water Hore-Hound, the Can-hooks, Cat-hooks, Foot-hooks, Loof-hooks, &c. - Lycopus Europæus, a perennial. Hook and Butt, the scarfing, or laying the two ends of HORIA (Ant.) a fisherman's boat. Plaut. Rud, act. 4, timbers over each other.

scen. 2. HO'OK-LAND (Husband.) land ploughed and sowed every HORIZON (Astron.) opitwr, signifies literally terminating, year.

because it is that which terminates or bounds our view; a HOOK-PINS (Carpent.) taper iron pins, with a hook head, great circle of the sphere, which divides it into upper and to pin the frame of a roof or floor together.

lower. It is either rational or apparent. (vide Astronomy] HOOKS (Gunn.) or Draught-hooks, pieces of bent iron

HORIZONTAL (Astron.) an epithet for any thing relating fixed to the transom-plates of a field carriage.

to an horizon, that is, taken in the horizon, on a level with, HOOKUM (Mil.) an Indian word signifying order, or com or parallel to, the horizon ; as an horizontal distance, mand.

plane, &c.- Horizontal Distance, that which is estimated HOOP (Orn.) or Hoopoe, the Upupa of Linnæus ; a bird in the direction of the horizon.- Horizontal Plane, a plane

inhabiting Europe, Asia, and Africa, which is solitary and parallel to the horizon of the place.- Horizontal Parallat, migratory. It is twelve inches long, feeds on insects which a parallax which is in the plane of the horizon.- Horia it picks out of ordure, builds in hollow trees, and lays, two zontal Projection, a projection of the sphere upon the or three times a year, six or seven cinereous eggs.

plane of the horizon.- Horizontal Refraction, refraction of HOOPING-COUGH (Med.) vide Pertussis.

a heavenly body at the horizon, which is the greatest. HOOQQU (Mech.) or Hookah, an instrument much used in Horizontal Dial (Dial.) one whose plane lies parallel to India for smoking.

the horizon. HOP (Bot.) vide Hops.

HORIZONTAL Line (Perspect.) a right line drawn through HOPEA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 18 Polyadelphia, the principal point parallel to the horizon.- Horizontal Order 3 Polyandria.

plane, a plane parallel to the horizon passing through the Generic Character. Cal. perianth one-leaved.—Cor. petals eye, and cutting the perspective plane at right angles.

five.- Stam. filaments many; anthers quadrangular. Horizontal Line (Survey.) or base of a hill, a line drawn Pist. germ inferior; style permanent; stigma thickish. on the horizontal plane of the hill, or that on which it Per. drupe dry; seeds smooth.

stands. Species. The single species is a tree, as the Hopea tinc- Horizontal Range (Gunn.) the distance which a piece of toria, seu Symplocos, native of Carolina.

ordnance throws its shot on a horizontal plane, whatever HOP-HO'RN-BEAM (Bot.) the Carpinus betulus of Lin be the angle of elevation, or direction of a piece.

HORIZONTAL Speculum (Opt.) a speculum to find an horizon HO'PLITÆ (Mil.) oznítes, heavy armed soldiers among the at sea when the atmosphere is hazy near the horizon.

Greeks, who were of the first and principal class. Suidas. HORIZONTAL Superficies (Fort.) the plain field which lies
HOPPER (Mec.) a wooden trough belonging to a corn-mill. upon a level, without any rising or sinking:
HOPS (Bot.) the Lupulus humulus of Linnæus.

HORME/SION (Min.) a precious stone of a fiery colour. HO'R A Aurora (Archæol.) the morning bell, or four o'clock Plin. 1. 37, c. 10; Isid. Orig. 1. 16, c. 12.

bell; in distinction from the eight o'clock bell, or the bell HORMINO'DES (Min.) a precious stone of a greenish in the evening.

colour like clary. Plin. HORÆ'UM (Ånt.) from the Greek wpzīor, a kind of pickle HORMINUM (Bot.) the Nepeta hirsula of Linnæus. made in the spring,

HORN (Mus.) a wind instrument chiefly used in the army, HO'RARY (Astron.) an epithet for any thing that relates and the chase.

to hours; as the-Horary Circle, those circles on the globe Horn with Horn (Law) or Horn under Horn, the promiswhich are drawn, at the distance of an hour from each cuous feeding of bulls and cows, or all horned beasts, that other, to mark the hours.—Horary Motion, the motion are allowed to run together upon the same common. or space moved in an hour.

HO'RN-BEAM (Bot.) or Horn-Beach Tree, the Carpinus HO'RDEOLUM (Med.) a little tumour on the eye-lids re bet ulus of Linnæus. sembling a barley-corn.

HO'RN-BILL (Orn.) a foreign bird, the Buceros of LinHO'RDEUM (Bot.) in the Greek xpier, in English barley ; næus, which is so called because its bill is furnished with

a well-known plant so called, either because it becomes, a protuberance that resembles a horn. aridum, dry sooner than other plants; or because the ear HOŘNED-POPPY (Bot.) the Chelidonium glaucum of Lina

consists of several, ordines, rows. HORDEUM, in the Linnean system, a genus of plants, Class 3 HORNET (Ent.) a large sort of wasp, the Vespa crabro of Triandria, Order 2 Digynia.

Linnæus, which makes its nest in the trunks of hollow Generic Character. Cal. common.-Cor. two-valved. trees, or in the timber-work of lofts. The sting of this in

Sram. filaments three; anthers oblong. - Pist. germ sect causes severe pain. ovate ; styles two; stigmas similar.-- Per. none; seed HO'RN-GELD (Law) a tax, within the bounds of a forest, oblong.

for all manner of horned beasts. Species. The species are annuals, as the-Hordeum vul- HORN-HEAM POLLENGERS (Husband.) trees, of about gare, seu Zeucriton, Spring Barley.-Hordeum murinum, twenty years growth, which have been lopped. seu Gramen, Wall Barley-grass. — Hordeum jubatum, HORNPIPE (Mus.) an animated dance supposed to be of seu Elymus, Long-bearded Barley-Grass. -Hordeum English invention.—Hornpipe is also the name of an indistichon, Common Barley. - Hordeum hexastichon, strument. Winter or Square Barley. Bauh. Hist.; Bauh. Pin.; HORNS (Mar.) the jaws, or semicircular inner ends of Ger. Herb.; Park. Theat.; Raii Hist.; Tourn. Inst. booms and gaffs.

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HO'RN-WORT (Bot.) the Ceratophyllum dimersum, a per contains the spring, A the arbour, F the Fusee which reennial.

ceives the chain from the barrel when the watch is wound HO'RODIX (Hor.) from ápce, an hour, and duxvúpus, to show; up, G the Great Wheel, I in fig. 2, and T, fig. 3, the Third an instrument for showing the hours as they pass.

Wheel, C the Canting Wheel, W the Balance Wheel, HO'ROGRAPHY (Dial.) from spa, an hour, and ypée, to Y the Centre Wheel, y the pinion which carries the centre describe; the art of constructing dials.

wheel, t the pinion which carries the third wheel, c the HO'ROLOGE (Mech.) Spodersion, an instrument for measuring pinion which carries the canting wheel, w the pinion which time; as a dial, watch, or clock. (vide Horology]

carries the balance wheel, H the Balance, V the Verge, HOROLOʻGIOGRAPHY (Mech.) vide Horology.

v the end of the Verge, P the Pivot. Fig. 4 represents the HORO'LOGY (Mech.) or Horologiography, from ápodoyesor,

balance and wheel, &c. apart. an horologe, and ypáow, to describe; that branch of || HORO'METRY (Hor.) from wpe, an hour, and pétpov, a mechanical science which treats on the measuring of measure; the art of measuring time by hours. portions of time.

The principal instruments for mea HORO'PTER (Opt.) a right line drawn through the point suring of time are Dials, Watches, and Clocks. The of concourse parallel to that which joins the centre of the dial is an instrument which serves to measure time by eye. means of the sun : it may be more particularly defined || HORO'SCOPE (Astrol.) ápoo xótos, the degree of the ascendthe draught, or description of certain lines on a plane ant, or the star ascending above the horizon, at the moor surface of a given body, so contrived as that the ment an astrological figure, or scheme, is made; also the shadow of a stile, or ray of the sun, passed through a whole astrological figure of the twelve houses, or signs of hole, shall touch certain points at certain hours. The the zodiac. edge of the plane, by which the time of the day is found, HOROSCOPE (Mech.) a mathematical instrument in the is called the stile of the dial, and the line on which this manner of a planisphere. is erected is called the sub-stile. The angle included be HORRIFICA febris (Med.) a fever that causes the patient tween the Sub-stile and the Stile is called the elevation, or to fall into shaking fits. height of the stile. Dials are of different kinds, as hori- || HORRIPILATIO (Med.) a symptom of the approach of fever. zontal, equinoctial, vertical, &c. [vide Dial]; and the art HO'RROR (Med.) the shuddering that precedes an ague fit. of drawing dials on any surface is denominated dialling: HORS de Son Fee (Law) an exception to quash an action thus, suppose it be required to describe a horizontal dial rought for rent. geometrically, as in fig. 1, draw a meridian line, BKL, HORSE (Zool.) a well-known animal classed by Linnæus Fig. 1.

under the genus Equus, with the ass and the mule ; it is Fig. 2.

distinguished into those that are used for draught, those

for burthen, and those for the saddle. Horse (Mil.) a body of horsemen. Horse also a wooden

machine which soldiers ride by way of punishment. HORSE (Mar.) a name for two different ropes in a vessel,

namely, one extending from the middle of a yard to its arms, another extended in a perpendicular direction near the fore or after-side of a mast.- Iron Horse, a large round bar of

iron fixed in the heads of ships with stanchions and netting. HORSE (Mech.) a sawyer's frame, or trestle. HORSE (Print.) the form, or bench, on which the pressmen

set the heaps of paper ; also the pressmen themselves were Fig. 4, jocosely so called because they worked the horse.—Horse

is the surplusage of work which a journeyman printer sets down in his bill on Saturday night above what he has done, which he abates in his next bill. This was formerly

called Horse-flesh. Horse near side protect (Fenc.) a guard used in the cavalry

sword exercise; so likewise the Horse off side protect. and from any part, C, erect, the perpendicular, CD, and HO'RSE-BEECH (Bot.) the Carpinus betulus of Linnæus. make the angle, CAD, equal to the latitude ; then draw HOʻRSE-CHESNUT (Bot.) the Æsculus Hippocrastium. the line d E meeting A B in E, make E B = B F; and, HO'RSE-DOCTOR (Vet.) a person who undertakes to cure from the centre B, at the distance of E B, describe a the disorders of horses. quadrant, E BF, and, through its several subdivisions, HORSE-EYE-BE'AM (Bot.) the Dolichos pruriens, a permake the lines Ba, B6, B c, &c. From E draw Eh, and ennial. set off Ee, Ef, Eg, &c. respectively equal to Ea, Eb, || HOʻRSE-FLY (Ent.) an insect so called because it infests E c, &c. Through the point A draw a XI, 6 X, c IX, &c. horses, getting into their hair, and sticking close to their skins also e I, fII, g II, &c. which will be the several hour with its crooked nails; the Hippobosca equina of Linnæus. lines required; and having erected at A the gnomon, or HOʻRSE-GUARDS (Mil.) a regiment of cavalry in the stile, at an angle equal to the elevation of the pole, or British service. latitude of the place, the dial will be complete. Watches | HO'RSE-LEECH (Ent.) a large sort of leech that fastens as well as clocks are composed of wheels and pinions, but on horses, the Hirado sanguisugn of Linnæus. the motions of a clock are directed by means of a pendu- || HORSE-LE'ECHERY (Vei.) the art of curing the diseases

and those of a watch by means of a spring, and a of horses. balance. The wheels of a watch, like those of a clock, || HORSE-MACKEREL (Ich.) or Scad, a sort of mackerel, are placed in a frame formed of two plates and four pillars. the Scomber trachurus of Linnæus. Fig. 2 represents the inside of a watch after the plate is HORSE-ME A'SURE (Man.) a measure for taking the taken off; in fig. 3 all the wheels, pinions, &c. are repré height of horses. sented so as to show how the motion is communicated from HO'RSE-MINT (Bot.) the Mentha sylvestris of Linnæus, a the barrel to the balance; where B is the Barrel which

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HORSE-PICKER (Vet.) a small piece of iron which is used | HO'TCH-POT (Law) signifies literally flesh cut into small to extract pebbles, &c. which get between the shoe and

pieces, and sodden with herbs, or roots ; hence, metaphorifoot of a horse.

cally it is applied to the putting together of lands for the HO'RSE-PIPE (Bot.) the Equisetum arvense, a perennial.

equal division of them. HORSE-RA'DISH (Bot.) the Cochlearia armoracea.

HOTS (Sport.) or Huts, round balls of leather fastened to HORSE, Sea, (Zool.) the Hippopotamus. [vide Sea-Horse]

the sharp ends of the spurs of fighting cocks. HORSE-SHOÈ (Vet.) a circular or semicircular piece of HOTTENTOT.CHE'RRY (Bot.) the Cassine Maurocenia.

iron which is fitted and nailed to the foot of a horse. HOTTO'NIA (Bot.) a genus of plants, so called from Peter Horse-SHOE (Fort.) a work, either of a round or oval figure,

Hotton, Professor of botany, Class 5 Pentandria, Order 1 raised in the ditch of a marshy place, and boarded with a

Monogynia. parapet, either to secure a gate, or to lodge soldiers in for

Generic Character. Cal. perianth one-leaved.—Cor. petal the prevention of a surprize.

STA:. filaments five; anthers oblong.- Pist. HORSE-SHOE (Geog.) also a name for the frontiers of Spain,

germ globular; style filiform; stigma globular.- Per. on the side of France, from the resemblance

capsules globular; seeds globular. they bear to the form of a horse's shoe.

Species. The species are perennials, as the-Hottonia HORSE-SHOE (Her.) a bearing in the escutcheon,

palustris, Myriophyllum, Millefolium, seu Viola, Comas “ He beareth, argent, on a bend, sable,

mon Water-Violet.- Hottonia Indica, seu Graliola, Inthree horse-shoes, of the first, nailed as the

dian Water-Violet. Dod. Pemnt.; Bauh. Hist.; Bauh. second ; by the name of Ferrers.

Pin.; Ger. Herb.; Park. Theat. Bot.; Raii Hist.; HORSE-SHOE-VETCH (Bol.) the Hippocrepis

Tourn. Inst. unisiliquosa, an annual.

HOVE’NIA (Bot.) a genus of plants, so called from M. HO'RSE-TAIL (Bol.) the Equisetum arvense, a perennial.

Hoven, Class 5 Pentandria, Order 1 Monogynia. Shrubby. Horse-Tail, the Ephidra limosum.

Generic Character. CAL. perianth one-leaved.--Cor. petals HORSE-TWITCHERS (Vet.) a tool used by farriers for

five. — Stam. filaments five; anthers roundish.—Pist. holding unruly horses by the nostrils.

germ superior; style upright; stigmas three.—Per. capHOʻRSTILERS (Archæol.) or hostelers, innkeepers.

sule ovate; seeds solitary. HOʻRTICULTURE, from hortus, a garden, and colo, to till; Species. The single species, the Hovenia dulcis, native of the art of gardening.

Japan, is a perennial. HOSA'NNA (Theol.) Nipwin, i. e. save, we beseech thee; || HOUGH (Vet.) or Ham of a horse, the fly, or bending part

a solemn acclamation used by the Jews in the feast of of the hind leg, comprehending also the hinder and oppotabernacles.

site part which is called the hock. HOSE (Print.) upright irons which have screws at each end HOUND (Zool.) a hunting dog, or a variety of the Canis

for lightening or loosening the platten cords of a printing familiaris, having slouching ears, with a spurious claw on press.

the hind foot. "The blood Hound is distinguished from Hose (Mar.) or Leather-Hose, a flexible tube formed of other varieties by its peculiar property of hunting down

leather, or tarred convass, employed to conduct water from men as other hounds do animals.

the main decks into the casks in the hold of a ship. to Hound a Stag (Sport.) to cast a hound. HOʻSE-HUSK (Bot.) a long round husk within another. HO'UND-FISH (Ich.) a species of the shark, the Squalus HOSPITA (Bot.) the Kleinhovia hospita of Linnæus.

mustelus of Linnæus. HO'SPITAL (Polit.) hospitalium, from hospes, a guest, or

HOUNDS (Mar.) holes in the cheeks at the top of the mast, host; a house erected out of charity for the relief of the to which the tyes run to hoist the yards. poor and sick.

HOU'ND'S-TONGUE (Bot.) the Cynoglossum officinale, a HOSPITALERS (Her.) vide Hospitallers.

biennial. HOSPITALARIA (Archæol.) vide Hostilaria.

HOUR (Chron.) an aliquot part of a natural or artificial day. HO'SPITALLERS Her.) an order of Knights, who built HOU'R-CIRCLES (Astron) vide Horary Circles.

an hospital at Jerusalem for the entertainment of pilgrims HOUR-GLASS (Hor.) a popular kind of chronometer, or whom they protested in their travels.

clepsydra, for measuring time by the running of sand, &c. HO'SPODAR (Polit.) a title borne by the princes of Wal - Hour lines on a dial, the lines which arise from the in

lachia and Moldavia, who receive the investiture of their tersections of the plane of the dial with the several planes principalities from the Grand Seignior.

of the hour circles of the sphere. HOSPITIUM (Archeol.) procuration or visitation money. HOU'RIS (Thcol.) a name given by the Mahometans to those HOST (Ecc.) from the Latin hostia, a victim ; the conse females that are designed for the faithful in Paradise.

crated wafer used at the communion by the Roman Ca- | HOUR-SCALE (Math.) a divided line on the edge of tholics.

Collins' quadrant. Host (Polit.) from hospes, an entertainer, or a landlord. HOU'SAGE (Com.) money paid by carriers and others for HO'STAGE' (Mil.) from hospes, a host ; a person left as a laying up goods in a house.

surety for the performance of the articles of a treaty. House (Astrol.) a twelfth part of the heavens. HOSTELAGIUM (Law) a right which lords had to take TO HOUSE the guns (Mar.) to run them upon the deck, and

lodging and entertainment in the houses of their tenants. by taking away the quoins from under them, to rest the HO'STELER (Archæol.) an innkeeper.

muzzles against the sides, above the ports. HO'STIA (Ecc.) vide Host.

HOU'SE-BOTE (Archæol.) an allowance of timber out of HOSTILIARIA (Archæol.) a place, in religious houses, the lord's wood to support or repair a tenant's house. wliere guests and strangers were received.

HOU’SE-CRICKET (Ent.) a species of cricket which inHOSTI'LITIES(Mil.) acts of warfare between any two powers. fests houses, and is the Gryllus domesticus of LinHO'STING (Mil.) a former military term to signify mustering. næus. HO'STRICỦS (Archæol.) a goss-hawk.

HOUSED in (Mar.) an epithet applied to a ship which after HO'T-BEDS (Hor.) beds made in wooden frames with fresh the breadth of her bearing is brought in too narrow to her

horse-dung, and covered with glasses to raise early plants. HOT-SHOOTS (Husband.) a compound of pitcoal, or HOUSEHOLD-DA'YS (Ecc.) four solemn festivals in the charcoal, loam, and urine, made into balls for firing. year, when the king, after divine service, offers a bezant of

upper works.

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