rupture on the consummation of marriage is called Glan-|| HYPACTICS (Med.) from vrò and yw, to bring down, dule myrtiformes.

medicines which serve to evacuate the fæces. HYMENÆ'A (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 10 Decandria, | HYPALE'IPTRON (Surg.) uradest Tpov, from ázsipa, to anoint; Order 1 Monogynia.

a sort of spatula. Generic Character. Cal. perianth one-leaved.—CoR.petals || HYPALLAGE (Rhet.) a figure of speech wherein the order

five.-STAM. filaments ten; anthers linear.--Pist. germ of the words is contrary to their signification, as in Virgil, sabre-shaped; style long; stigma thickened.-Per le dare classibus austros, for dare classes Austris. gume woody; seed ovate.

HY'PATE (Mus.) vráta, an epithet by which the Greeks Species. The species is the Hymenæa courbaril, Ceratia, distinguished the lowest tetrachord, and each of the chords seu Jetaiba, Common Locust-Tree.

of the two lowest tetrachords. The Tetrachord Hypaton HYMENOPHY'LLUS (Bot.) the Trichomanes tunbrigense was the deepest of all, and immediately above the proslamof Linnæus,

banomene. – Hypate-hypaton, i. e. the principal of the HYO (Arat.) a word which in composition is used for any principals, the first chord of the tetrachord which imme

muscle that is inserted in the os hyoides, as Hyo-glossus, diately followed the preceding.Hypate-meson, i. e. the a muscle which pulls the tongue upwards and downwards, principal of the mean tetrachord, was the last or highest Hyo-Pharyngeus, Hyo-Genio-Glossus, &c.

of the first tetrachord ; and the first or lowest of the second HYMENOPTERA (Ént.) from videño, a membrane, and stepov, tetrachord, because these two tetrachords had one sound

a wing, the fifth Order of Insects in the Linnean system, common to both, whence they were called conjoint. The including those which have four membranaceous wings, hypate-meson was equivalent to our E natural, in the third and the female mostly armed with a sting. The principal

space in the bass. genera in this Order are-Cynips, the Gall-Fly.-- T'ethredo, HYPATOIDES (Mus.) via Todas, an epithet among the the Saw-Fly.-Ichneumon, the Ichneumon.-Spher.--Am Greeks for their deep or bass sounds. mophila, the Sand-Wasp. — Vespa, the Wasp.- Apis, the HY'PECOUM (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 4 Tetrandria, Bee.-Formica, the Emmet and Ant, &c.

Order 2 Dygynia. HY'OBANCHE (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 14 Didy Generic Character. CAL. perianth two-leaved.-COR. namia, Order 2 Angiospermia.

petals four.-STAM. filaments four; anthers erect.-Pist. Generic Character. Cal. perianth seven-leaved. - CoR. germ oblong; styles two; stigmas acute.- Per. silique petal one.-Stam. filaments four; anthers ovate.-Pist. long; seeds solitary. germ ovate ; style filiform; stigma blunt.-Per. capsule Species. The species are annuals, as the Hypecoum proroundish; seeds many.

cumbens, seu Cuminum, Procumbent Hypecoum.-- HySpecies. The single species is the Hyobanche sanguinea, pecoum pendulum, seu Hypecoi, Pendulous Hypecoum. seu Orobanche, native of the Cape of Good Hope.

Clus. Hist.; Bauh. Hist.; Bauh. Pin.; Ger. Herb.; HY'OIDES OS (Anat.) vosides, a forked bone at the root of Park. Theat. Bot.; Raii Hist.; Tourn. Inst.

the tongue, so called from its resemblance in figure to HYPE'LATE (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 23 Polygamia, the Greek letter o.

Order 1 Monoecia. HYOPHARYNGAUS (Anat.) the name of three muscles Generic Character. Cal. perianth five-leaved.—Cor. petals belonging to the pharynx, each of which compresses the five.-STAM.

filaments eight; anthers ovate.-Pist. germ part to which it belongs.

globular; style short; stigma ovate.-Per. capsule roundHYOSCYAMUS (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 5 Pentan ish; seed nut oval. dria, Order 1 Monogynia.

Species. The single species, the Hypelate trifoliata, seu Generic Character. Cal. perianth one-leaved.-CoR. petal Cytisus, is a tree, and native of Jamaica.

one. — STAM. filaments five; anthers roundish.--Pist. HYPENE'MIUM (Nat.) a wind-egg, or an egg which a hen germ roundish; style filiform; stigma headed.-Per. lays without a cock, which will never produce a chicken. capsule ovate; seeds nunierous.

HYPER (Mus.) unig, a Greek preposition which, in conSpecies. The species are biennials, as the-Hyoscyamus junction with any mode or interval, signifies that it is higher niger, Black or Common Henbane.-Hyoscyamus albus, than when without it; as the Hyper-Lydian, HyperWhite Henbane.-- Hyoscyamus pusillus, Dwarf Henbane. Dcrian, &c. - Hyoscyamus physaloides, seu Pulmonaria, Purple. | HYPERÆSTHESIS (Med.) from irig and awdévousai, to flowered Henbane: but the Hyoscyamus aureus, Golden feel; a fault in the appetite, either of excess or defiflowered or Shrubby Henbane, is a perennial. Clus. ciency. Hist.; Dod. Pempt.; Bauh. Hist.; Bauh. Pin.; Ger. HYPE'RBATON (Rhet.) iripeatov, a figure in rhetoric,

Herb.; Park. Theat. Bot.; Raii Hist.; Tourn. Inst. where the words are transposed from their natural order. HYOSE'RIS (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 19 Syngenesia, Arist. Rhet. I. 3, c. 6; Longin. c. 22; Hermog. Trepi peel dsor. Order 1 Polygamia Æqualis.

Quintil. 1. 8, c. 2. Generic Character. Cal. perianth common.-Cor. com HYPE'R BOLA (Geom.) urspBonn, a particular kind of curve,

pound. - Stam. filaments five; anthers tubular.-Pist, formed by cutting a cone in a direction parallel to its axis. oblong; style filiform; stigmas two.-Per. capsule none; [vide Conic Sections] seeds solitary, oblong.

HYPE'RBOLE (Rhet.) a figure of speech, whereby things Species. The species are mostly annuals, as the-Hyoseris are represented in an exaggerated manner, either larger or scabra, Rhagadiolus, Taraxaconastium, Dens leonis, seu smaller, better or worse, &c. than they really are.

QuinHieracium, Rugged Hyoseris.Hyoseris minima, Lap til. I. 8, c. 3. sana, seu Intybus, Least Hyoseris.-Hyoseris Hedyp- || HYPERBO'LIC (Conic) an epithet for any thing appertainnois, Branching Hyoseris; but the Hyoseris foetida, ing to an hyberbola ; as an-Hyperbolic Conoid, a solid, seu Lampsana, Stinking Hyoseris, and–Hyoseris radi formed by the revolution of an hyperbola, otherwise called ata, Starry Hyoseris, are perennials. Clus. Hist.; an Hyperboloid.-Hyperbolic Cylindroid, a solid, formed Bauh. Hist.; Bauh. Pin.; Park. Theat. Bot.; Raii by the revolution of an hyperbola about its conjugate axis. Hist. ; Tourn. Inst.

-Hyperbolic Leg of a curve, is that which has an asympHYOTHYROIDES (Anat.) from valdes, the hyoid bone, tote or tangent at an infinite distance.Hyperbolic Line,

and Supesides, the thyroid cartilage ; a muscle so named another name for the hyperbola itself.—Hyperbolic Loga. from its origin in the hyoid bone and insertion in the thy rithm, a logarithm so called, being similar to the asymproid cartilage. It serves to dilate the chink of the larynx. totic spaces of the hyperbola.-Hyperbolic Mirror, a mirror

ground in the shape of the hyperbola.-Hyperbolic space, HY'PNALE (Zool.) usvæas, a sort of adder that kills a man the area, space, or content, which is comprehended be

by casting him into a deep sleep. tween the curve of an hyperbola, and the whole ordinate. HYPNOBATES (Med.) WrYoBerns, from úmros, sleep, and HYPERBOLICUM acutum (Geom.) a solid made by the Baive, to go; one who walks in his sleep.

revolution of the infinite area of the space made between | HYPNO'LOGY (Med.) from órros, sleep, and aéyos, discourse; the curve, and its asymptote in the Apollonian Hyperbola, a discourse on the regulation of sleeping and waking. turning round that asymptote which produces a solid infi- | HYPNOTICS (Med.) i'awwixde, medicines which cause sleep. nitely long, which is nevertheless cubable.

HY'PNUM (Bot.) a genus of mosses. HYPERBOLOID (Conic) vide Hyperbolic Conoid.

Hypnum is also the Brynum of Linnæus. HYPERCATALL'ÈTIC 'verse (Poet.) szeprataanxtine, a HY'PO (Med.) uxo, a Greek preposition answering literally

verse which has a syllable or two too many in the end. to under, is taken in the composition of medical terms Hephæst. iy xuopid.

in the sense of remission or diminution, as hypobrychios, HYPERCATHA'RTICS (Med.) purgatives which work too hypocatharsis, &c. long and too powerfully.

HYPOÆMA (Med.) from vr, under, and ains, blood, beHYPE'RCRISIS (Med.) o'zápupsois, a voiding any thing above cause the blood is under the cornea ; an effusion of blood

measure in the turn of a disease; as when a fever termi into the chambers of the eye. nates in a looseness, so that the humours flow faster than | HYPOBOLE (Rhet.) a rhetorical figure, whereby we answer the strength can bear.

briefly to those things which may be objected against by HYPERDORIAN (Mus.) a Greek mode, which was a an adversary fourth above that of the Dorian.

HYPO'BOLUM (Law) a term in the Civil Law for that HYPERICOIDES (Bot.) another name for the Hypericum. which is given by the husband to the wife at his death, HYPERICUM (Bot.) o'xspixor, a plant mentioned by Dios

above her dowry. corides and Pliny, as vulnerary and styptic. Dioscor. l. 3, HYPOBRY'CHIOS (Med.) vroßpúzcos, from vzò, and Bpóxros, c. 172; Plin. 1. 27, c. 4; Gal. de Simpl.; Oribas. Med. i. e. latent, or deeply seated; an epithet for the slow be

Coll. 1. 11; Aet. Tetrab. 1, serm. 1; Paul. Æginet. I. 7, c. 7. ginning of a fever. HYPERICUM, in the Linnean system, a genus of plants, Class HYPOCAPNI'SMA (Med.) suffumigation. 18 Polyadelphia, Order 3 Polyandria.

HYPOCARO'DES (Med.) ifoxcepcions, from ind, signifying Generic Character. Cal. perianth five-parted.—Cor. petals diminution, and rápos, caros; an epithet for one labouring

five.-STAM. filaments numerous; anthers small.–Pist. under a sopor or lowest degree of caros. Hippocrat. germ roundish; styles three; stigmas simple.—Per. cap- | HYPOCATHARSIS (Med.) a gentle purgative. sule roundish; seeds oblong.

HYPOCAUSTUM (Archit.) 'roxavfov, a subterraneous Species. The species are shrubs, or under shrubs, as the place, where there was a furnace to heat the baths of the – Hypericum calearicum, Myrtacistus, seu Cistus, ancients, called by Cicero vaporarium, a stove or hotWarted St. John's Wort.-Hypericum bacciferum, seu house. Cic. ad Frat. l. 3, ep. 1; Vitruv. I. 5, c. 10; Plin. Coapia, Berry-bearing St. John's Wort. - Hypericum 1. 2, epist. 17. androsæmum, seu Clymenum, Common Tutsan, &c. | HYPOCERCHA'LEON (Med.) útoxepxaríor, a stridulous kind Clus. Hist., Bauh. Hist., Bauh. Pin.; Ger. Herb.; of asperity of the Fauces and the Arteria aspera. Park. Theat. Botan.; Raii Hist. ; Tourn. Inst.

HYPOCHÉO'MENOS (Med.) from itò and ziw, to pour ; HYPERINE'SIS (Med.) vt spórnois, an immoderate evacua an epithet for one who labours der a cataract. tion.

HYPOCHO'ERIS (Bot.) a species of Sonchus. HYPERMETER (Poet.) an epithet for a verse which has a HYPOCHO'NDRIÀ (Med.) from izo, under, and xóropos, a syllable above its ordinary measure.

cartilage, that part of the abdomen, on both sides, which lies HYPERO'A (Anat.) o'xspār, two holes in the upper part of under the spurious ribs. Gal. Isagog. c. 10.

the Ossa Palati. Ruff. Ephes. de Appell. Part. Corp. hum. || HYPOCHONDRIAC (Med.) inoxordpsexos, an epithet for 1. 1, c. 8.

what belongs to the hypochondria; as the hypochondriac HYPERO-PHARYNGÆ' (Anat.) muscles so called from regions, lying under the spurious ribs, on each side the their situation above the pharynx.

epigastrium. HYPEROSTO'SIS (Anat.) vide Exostosis.

HYPOCHONDRIAC is also the name of one troubled with the HYPERO'UM (Anat.) vide Hyperoa.

hypochondriac affection. Gal. de Loc. Affect. I. 3, c. 7; HYPEROXYMU’RIATE of Potash (Chem.) a salt formed Oribas. Synop. 1. 8, c. 7; Act. de Spirit. Anim. Nat. 1. 2,

from the combination of hyperoxymuriatic acid and potash.

HYPOCHONDRIASIS (Med.) Hypochondriacus morbus, HYPERSARCOMA (Med.) from wzię, signifying excess, Passio Hypochondriaca, the hypochondriac affection, vaand orders, Aesh; a fleshy excrescence.

pours, spleen, &c. a genus of diseases in Cullen's Nosology, HYPERSARCOʻSIS (Med.) vide Hypersarcoma.

Class Neuroses, Order Adyanamia. HYPERYDRO'SIS (Med.) from itig, signifying excess, || HYPOCHY'MA (Med.) vide Amaurosis

and das, water ; a great distension of any part from a HYPOCISTIS (Bot.) the Asarum hypocistis of Linnæus, a collection of water.

parasitical plant growing in warm climates from the roots HYPE'RTHYRON (Archæol.) vte ép@upov, the upper post, or

of the cistus. lintel of the door post. Vitruv. l. 4, c. 6.

HYPOCLEPTICUM Vitrum (Med.) a glass funnel, conHYPHEXODOS (Med.) vrižodos, from ozo, down, and trived for separating oil from water. ikodos, a passage ; an excessive flux of the belly.

HYPOCEE'LON (Med.) iróxosnov, from vão, under, and xomov, HYPHYDRA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 21 Monoecia, a cavity ; a cavity under the lower eyelid, in distinction Order 10 Gynandria.

from the cælon, or cavity under the upper eyelid. Ruff. Generic Character. Cal. perianth one-leaved.-Cor, none. Ephes. de Appell. Part. Corp. hum. I. 1, c. 4.

-Stam. filaments six ; anthers roundish.—Pist. germ HYPOCOPHÓ'SIS (Med.) the Cophosis in a less degree. roundish; style triangular ; stigmas three.- Per. capsule HYPOCRA'NIUM (Med.) a kind of abscess or suppuration, one-celled; seeds single.

so called because it is seated urò, under, xpérior, the cranium. Species. The single species is the-Hyphydra fluviatilis, || HYPO’DERIS (Anat.) urodipis, the extremity of the foreparts Tonina, seu Eriocaulon.

of the neck. Ruff. Ephes. de Appell. Part. Corp. hum. I. 1, c.9. VOL. 11.

c. 2.


HYPODERMIS (Med.) vide Epidermis.

glutinous fluid like pus, which takes place in the chambers HYPODE'SIS (Surg.) ut moras, a bandage used by surgeons of the aqueous humour of the eye. Gal. Isagog. c. 15. before the bolster be laid on.

HYPORRI'NION (Anat.) ukoppiviev, a name for the parts of HYPODY'TES (Ant.) i odurns, an under garment worn, in a the upper lip below the nostrils. Ruff. Ephes. de Appell. particular manner, by the high priest.

Part. Corp. hum. I. 1, c. 6.
HYPOGÆUM (Astrol.) the fourth house, otherwise called HYPOSA'RCA (Med.) the same as Anasarca.
Imum coeli,

HYPOSCENIUN (Archit.) FOX19.07, a partition under the HYPO'GALA (Med.) from vrè, under, and yére, milk; a pulpit for the music. Poli. Onom. I. 4, c. 19.

collection of white humour like milk in the chambers of the HYPOSPADIÆ'OS (Med.) from vzo, under, and crew, to eye.

draw; one whose uretlıra is terminated under the glans. HYPOGA'STRIC (Anat.) an epithet for whatever belongs Gal. Isagog. c. 16.

to the hypogastrium; as the hypogastric region, i. e. the HYPOSPATHI'SMUS (Surg.) For auliowd, an operation region of the hypogastrium; the hypogastric artery, the formerly used for removing defluxions in the eyes. Gal. artery spreading itself over the hypogastrium.

Isagog. c. 15; Aet. Tetrab. 2, serin. 3, c. 92 ; Paul, Æginet. HYPOĞA'STRIUM ( Anat.) vzoreespiov, the lowermost re 1. 6, c. 8.

gion of the abdomen, reaching from a little below the navel HYPOSPHA'GMA (Med.) JTÓFaypce, or Aposphagma, an to the Os Pubis. Ruff. Ephes. de Appell. Part. Corp. hum. extravasation of blood in the tunica adnata of the eye. 1. I, c. 11.

Gal. Def. Med. ; Paul. Æginet. I. 4, c. 30; Act. de Meth. HYPOGA'STROCELE (Med.) from uzové spor, the hypogas Med. 1. 2, c. 12.

trium, and xhan, a humour; a hernia in the hypogastric region. HYPOSPLE’NIA (Med.) a small tumour of the spleen. HYGOĞE’UM (Archit.) Toyzóv, a cellar or vault arched | HYPOSTA'PHYLÈ (Med.) a relaxation of the uvula. over, a place under ground. Vitruv. 1. 6, c. 2.

HYPO'STASIS (Med.) iróseois, the thick substance which HYPOGLO’SSI (Anat.) the ninth pair of nerves, which arise generally subsides at the bottom of the urine. Gal. Comm.

just above the foramen magnum, and pass out at the holes 4 in Hippocrat. de Rat. Vict. in Acrt. Morb.; Act. de Meth. on its sides above the condyles of the Os occipitis.

Med. 1. 2, c. 12; Foes. Oeconom. Hippocrat. HYPOGLO'SSIS (Anat.) or hypoglottis, vinywoois, a little Hypostasis (Theol.) inéçuois, a term among divines, sig

piece of flesh that joins the tongue to the nether part of nifying the subsistence of the three persons in the Trinity.

the mouth. Ruff. Ephes. Appell. Part. Corp. hum, 1. 1, c. 9. HYPOSU'LPHUROUS Acid (Chem.) an acid formed by HYPOGLO'TTIDES (Med.) medicines to be held under the the combination of sulphur with oxygen in a certain protongue until they are dissolved.

portion. [vide Chemistry] HYPOGLU'TIS (Anat.) izejastis, from útò, under, and HYPO'THECA (Law) an obligation in the Civil Law,

32870s, the nates; the fleshy part under the nates towards whereby the debtor's effects are made over to his creditor; the thigh. Ruff. Ephes. Appell. Part. Corp. hum. l. 1, a mortgage. c. 15.

HYPOTHENAR (Anat.) υπόθενας, a muscle which helps to HYPO'MIA (Anat.) omwpise, the part subjacent to the upper draw the little finger from the rest. Poll. Onom. 1. 2, part of the shoulder.

segm. 142; Ruff: Ephes. de Appell. Part. Corp. hrm. I. 1, HYPOMO'CHLION (Mech.) uzouóx2.09, the fulcrum, or c. 10; Gorr. Def. point of suspension in a lever.

HYPO'THENUSE (Geom.) urediiveru, in a right-angled HYPOʻNOMOS (Med.) uxcrópos, from uid, under, and young triangle, is that side which subtends the a phagedenic ulcer, or a deep sinuous phagedenic ulcer. right angle, as B C in the annexed dia

H HYPOPODIUM (Med.) from vad, under, and 78, the foot; gram. According to the 47th Proposition a cataplasm for the sole of the foot.

of Euclid's Elements, the square of the

B HYPOPH ASIA (Med.) υποφασία, from υποφαίνομαι, to ap hypothenuse is equal to the squares of the

pear a little; a sort of winking when the eyelids are drawn other two sides, as B C2 = B A + A C2 pretty close together.

i.e. the square B E equal to the squares HYPOPHORAR(Rhet.) a figure of speech which produces BG and CH.

the objection, as the anthypophora answers it. Cic. ad | HYPO’THESIS (Rhet.) vzólok, a supposition, case, or conHerenn. 1. 4, c. 23; Hermog. Fifi się.

troversy, wherein the main point lies; also the argument Hypophora (Med.) a deep fistulous ulcer. Dioscor. I. 4, or contents of a book. Dionys. Comp. c. 4; Quintil. 1. 5,

c. 185; Gal. de Comp. Med. per gen. 1. 6, c. 1; Gorr. Def. c. 10; Longin. de Sublim. c. 38; Demet. Eloc. 9 76. Med.

HYPOTHESIS (Math.) a proposition, or principle, taken for HYPOPHO'SPHITE (Chem.) a salt formed by the combi granted in order to draw conclusions therefrom for the

nation of hypophosphorous acid with any base, as the proof of a point in question; thus, in the proposition, a hypophosphite of lime, &c.

triangle is half a parallelogram, if they have the same HYPOPHO'SPHOROUS acid (Chem.) an acid formed by base, and are between the same parallels, the latter part the combination of phosphorus with hydrogen.

is the hypothesis, namely, “if they have the same base, HYPOPHTHA'LMION (Anat.) toodepisy, or hypopia, &c.” Any principle supposed or taken for granted, for

the part immediately under the eye which is subject to the solution of any phenomena in natural philosophy, is swell in a cachexy or dropsy. Ruff Ephes. de Appell. Part. also called an hypothesis. Corp. hum. l. 1, c. 6.

HYPOTHETICAL (Log.) an epithet for what relates to HYPOPHYSIS (Med.) from ute, under, and qua, to grow; an hypothiesis, as hypothetical proposition, one which con

a disease of the eyelids when the hairs grow so much as to tains a condition, or supposition, &c.; hypothetical syllooffend the pupil.

gism, a syllogism formed of hypothetical propositions. HYPOPIA (Anat.) írázia, the bones under the eyes. [vide HYPOTHÉTON (Med.) vrádetov, from or inpes, to put Hypopthalmia]

under ; a suppository medicine introduced into the rectum HYPOPIA (Med.) sugillations in the parts immediately under

to procure stools. the eye. Gal. Isagog. c. 15; Oribas. de Virt. Simpl. 1. 2; | HYPOTHYRON (Archit.) the threshold or groundsel. ViAet. Tetrab. 2, serm. 4, c. 2.

truv. 1.4, c. 6. HYPOPLEU’RIOS (Anat.) vide Pleura.

HYPOTRACHE’LIUM (Archit.) iworpexnalov, the neck of HYPOʻPION (Med.) vtÁT 100, an accumulation of a yellow any column, or that part of the capital below the astragal.

Gal. Exeges.


It is also taken for a little frize in the Tuscan and Doric similar to the origanum, and was reckoned healing, opencapital. Vitruv. I. 3, c. 2; Poll. Onom. 1. 2, segm. 136 ; ing, and attenuating. Dioscor. I. 3, c. 30; Plin. l. 20, c. 17, Philand, in Vitruv.; Bald. Lex. Vitruv.

&c.; Gal. de Top. 1. 5, c. 1; Oribas. Med. Collect. l. 12; HYPOTRI'MMA (MIcd.) úrót pole de ce ; a sort of aliment men Aet. Tetrab. 1, serm. 1 ; Paul. Æginet. 1. 7, c. 3.

tioned by Hippocrates, which Hesychius supposes to have Hyssopus, in the Linnean System, a genus of plants, Class 14 consisted of honey, dates, &c. Hippocrat. de Diæt.

Didynamia, Order 1, Gymnospermia. HYPOTY PO'SIS (Rhet.) TOTÚTwois, a figure of speech, Generic Character. Cal. perianth one-leaved.--Cor. pelal

which, by a very lively description, represents any person, one. - Stam. filaments four; anthers simple.- Pist. or thing, as it were in a picture, set before the eye, or a germs four-parted; style filiform; stigma bifid. - PER. lively and exact description of any object made in the none; seeds four. fancy.

Species. The species are perennials, as the Hyssopus ofHYPO'XIS (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 6 Hexandria, ficinalis, Common Hyssop.--Hyssopus Lophunthus, seu Order 1 Monogynia.

Cataria, Mint-leaved Hyssop. - Hyssopus Nepetoides, Generic Character. Cal. glume two-valved.-Cor. petal seu Betonica, Square-stalked Hyssop. Dod. Pempt. ;

one.-STAM. filaments six ; anthers oblong.–Pist. germ Bauh. Hist.; Bauh. Pin.; Ger. Herb.; Park. Theat. inferior; style filiform; stigma bluntish.-Per. capsule Bot.; Raii Hist.; Tourn. Inst. oblong; seeds many.

Hyssopus is also the Dracocæphalum austriacum of Linnæus. Species. The species are bulbs, as the-Hyporis erecta, HYSTERA (Anat.) vsips, the Greek name for the uterus.

seu Ornithogalum, upright Hypoxis.-Hyporis decum Ruff: Ephes. de Appell. Part. Corp. hum. 1. 1, c. 31. bens, seu Anthericum, Trailing Hypoxis.- Hypoxis pli- || HYSTER A'LGIA (Med.) ósépce, the womb, and aayos, pain ; cata, seu Fabricia, Plaited-leaved Hypoxis; but the a pain in the uterus occasioned by an inflammation, or any Hypoxis aurea is an annual.

similar disorder. Gal. de Meth. Med. 1. 2, c. 2. Hypoxis is also the Ornithogalum minimum of Linnæus. HYSTERIA (Med.) Passio hysterica, Hysterics; a genus of HYPOZEU'GMA (Gram.) a part of the figure called diseases in Cullen's Nosology, Class Neuroses, Order Zeugma.

Spasmi. HYPOZOMA (Anat.) a name for the diaphragm.

HYSTE’RICA (Med.) úsepiris, affections of the uterus, or HYPSILOGLOSSUS (Anat.) vide Hioglossus.

womb; whence the Hysterics, or Hysterical Affections of HYPSISTA'RIANS (Ecc.) a sect of heretics in the fourth the moderns, which comprehend all spasmodico-convulsive

century who blended paganism with the Jewish religion ; passions of the nervous kind peculiar to women, in disfor they kept the Sabbath with the Jews, and worshipped tinction from the hypochondriac affections peculiar to fire with the heathens. S. Greg. Nazienzen. de Fun. Pat.; men. Gal. de Loc. Affec. 1. 6, c.5; Gorr. Def. Med.; Foes. Sander. Hæres. c. 36.

@conom. Hippocrat. HYPTI'ASMUS (Med.) from intiúla, to lie with the face HYSTERICS Med.) vide Hysteria, Hysterica.

upwards; a supine decumbiture, or a nausea with inclina- HYSTERI'TIS (Med.) from usépce, the womb; an inflamtions to vomit.

mation of the womb, a genus of diseases, Class Pyrexia, HY'PTIS (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 14 Didynamia, Order Phlegmasie. Order 1 Gymnospermia.

HYSTEROCELE (Med.) vs epoxían, the rupture or falling Generic Character. Cal. perianth acute.-Cor. petal one. down of the womb.

-Stam.filaments four; anthers twin.-Pist. germ four- HYSTERO'LOGY (Gram.) vsspeševía, the speaking that

cleft; style filiform; stigma bifid.-Pen. none; seeds four. first which should be last. Species. The species are shrubs, as the Hyptis verticella HYSTEROMATO'CIA (Surg.) vide Hysterotomy. et capitata, native of St. Domingo.

HYSTERON (Anat.) the Placenta. HY'PULUS (Med.) an ulcer lying under a cicatrix. HYSTERO'PHORUS (Bot.) the Parthenium hysterophorus HY'RAX (Zool.) a genus of animals, Class Mammalia, Order of Linnæus. Glires.

HY'STEROPHYSE (Med.) from usipa, the womb, and Generic Character. Fore-teeth upper 2, lower 4 ; grinders Quon, flatus ; a distension of the womb by means of air.

large, four each side each jaw; fore-feet four-toed; hind- HYSTERO'TOMY (Med.) ússpotqun, from us épce, the womb, feet three-toed; tail none; clavicle none.

and télevw, to cut; an anatomical dissection of the womb. Species. Animals of this tribe inhabit the Cape of Good HYSTRICIASIS (Med.) from uspiš, a porcupine; a disease Hope.

in the head which causes the hair to stand erect like porHY'SSOP (Bot.) the Hyssopus officinalis, Lophanthus, &c. of cupine's quills. Linnæus, perennials.

HY'STRIX (Zool.) úspit, the porcupine ; an animal so called HYSSOPIFO'LIA (Bot.) the Lathyrum Hyssopifolia of from us, a swine, and epit, hair, because its quills resemble Linnæus.

hog's bristles. Aristot. Hist. Anim. I. 9, c. 39; Plin. l. 8, HYSSOPITES (Med.) Gowaitas, wine impregnated with c. 36; Alian. Hist. Anim. I. 1, c. 31; Solin. c. 30. hyssop. Dioscor. I. 5, c. 50.

Hystrix, in the Linnean System, a genus of animals, Class HYSSOPUS (Bot.) Ücrutos, a plant so called, from iw, to Mammalia, Order Glires, having two fore-teeth, eight

rain or sprinkle, and äy, the face, because it was used in grinders, and a body covered with hair and spines. expiatory aspersions, to which allusion is made by the Species. Animals of this tribe inhabit hot climates. psalmist, Psalm Li. It is described by Dioscorides as very Hystrix (Bot.) the Barberia Hystrix of Linnæus.

L 2

I & J.

JAM 1. (Ant.) vide Abbreviations.

ing like a candle in a lanthorn, has occasioned travellers 1. (Law) vide Abbreviations.

sometimes to lose their way. It is properly called Ignis 1. (Her.) stands for the sinister base in the escutcheon, fatuus. 1. (Log.) stands for propositions which are particular affir. JACOBÆ'A (Bot.) the Athanasia erithmifolia. matives. [vide Logic]

JACOBÆA'STRUM (Bot.) the Cineraria cymbarifolia of JAA'ROBA (Bot.) a species of Phaseolus, growing in Linnæus. Brazil.

JACOBITES (Ecc.) a sect of heretics in the sixth century, JABI'RA (Orn.) a South American bird, the Mycteria of so called from their ringleader Jacob Bardai, who, among

Linnæus, which inhabits marshes; is about six feet long, other heresies, maintained that there was but one nature in migratory and gregarious ; feeds on fish ; builds in trees Christ. Nicephor. I. 18, c. 52; Matth. Par. in Hen. III; hanging over the waters, and lays two eggs.

Baron. Annal. Ann. 535. JABORA’NDI (Bot.) a plant of Brazil, which grows to Jacobites (Polit.) a name given to the partisans of King

the height of two feet. "Pis. de Med. Brazil.; Marcgrav. James II. Hist. &c.

JACOB'S STAFF (Math.) a mathematical instrument for JABORANDI, in the Linnean system, the Piper reticulatum. taking heights and distances. JABOTAPI'TA (Bot.) a species of the Gomphia.

Jacob's STAFF (Ecc.) a sort of staff formerly used by pil. JACA-TREE (Bot.) the Artocarpus incissa of Linnæus.

grims in Spain. JA'CAMAR (Orn.) the Galbula of Linnæus, a bird of Bra- JACO'BUS (Com.) a name given to the gold coins stamped zil, the size of a lark.

by King James I. namely, Broadpieces, at 20s. 23s. and JACANA (Orn.) the Porra of Linnæus, a bird inhabiting 25$. (vide Coining]

the warm parts of America, about eleven inches long. JACQUI'NIA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 5 Pentandria, JA'CAPE (Bot.) a sort of Rush-Grass.

Order 1 Monogynia. JACAPUCA'YA (Bot.) a tree of Brazil, the Lecythus jaca Generic Character. Cal. perianth five-leaved.—Cor, pepucayn of Linnæus.

tals one.-Stam. filaments five; anther spear-shaped. IACCÉAGO'GI (Ant.) bulx Xary wrong those who bore the sta Pist. germ ovate; style the length of the stamens.

tue of lacchus at the celebration of the feast of the Eleu stigma headed.-Per. berry roundish ; seed single. sinia.

Species. The species are shrubs, as the-Jacquinia armilaJACEA (Bot.) the Viola tricolor of Linnæus.

ris, Chrysophyllum, seu Xylocyste, Obtuse-leaved Jac. I'ACINTH (Min.) vide Hyacinth.

quinia. ---Jacquinia ruscifolia, Medeola, seu Fruticulus, JACK (Archæol.) a kind of defensive coat armour formerly Prickly Jacquinia, native of South America.

worn by horsemen, not made of solid iron, but of many JACQUINIA is also the Trilax lutea of Linnæus. plates fastened together.

JACTITATION of Marriage (Law) a matrimonial cause Jack (Mech.) an instrument in common use for raising very in the Ecclesiastical courts, when one of the party boasts

great weights of any kind. It is also the name of a well or gives out that he or she is married to the other, which known culinary utensil for roasting, of which a Smoke being denied and no adequate proof brought of the marJack is a particular kind, so called from its being turned riage, the offending party is enjoined silence on that head. by smoke.

JACTITIOUS (Law) he that loseth by default. JACK (Num.) an Irish coin in the reign of Henry VI. JA'CULUS (Zool.) a serpent that shoots out from under JACK (Mar.) the flag which is hung out in the bowsprit end, trees, and springs upon the passers by. or hoisted on the sprit-sail or top-mast head.

JADE (Min.) the name of a talcose earth, otherwise called Jack (Sport.) the mark bowled at in bowling.

Nephrite. It is a very hard stone, of an olive colour, Jack (Falcon.) the male of birds of sport.

with which the handles of swords and sabres were made in Jack (Ich.) another name for the Pike.

Poland and Turkey. JACK-ARCH (Archit.) an arch one brick thick.

JAG (Bot.) lacinia ; a division or cleft in a leaf, calyx, or JACKAL (Zool.) a beast of prey which is so nearly allied corolla. This term relates chiefly to monophyllous calyxes

to the dog that it is classed by Linnæus under the same and monopetalous corollas, which are called bifid, trifid, genus Canis. It inhabits the warm parts of Asia and Bar &c. according to the number of jags. bary, lurks by day in mountains and woods, prowls by JA'GGED (Bot.) laciniatus; cleft or divided after the mannight in flocks of 200, and rouses the other beasts by its ner of a jag. (vide Jag] cry, so that they become an easy prey to the lion, whence JA'GRA (Med.) a particular species of sugar prepared from it is called the Lion's provider.

the cocoa-nut. JACKDAW (Orn.) the Corvus monedula of Linnæus, a bird | JA'LAP (Med.) the root of the Convolvulus Jalapa, which

very similar to the crow; it breeds in old towers, is very is in daily use as a purgative. Its efficacy principally lies gregarious, and easily tamed.' It is also remarkable for in the resin which it contains. having a white collar about its neck.

JA'LAPA (Bot.) the Convolvulus jalapa of Linnæus. JA'CK-IIEAD (Pneum.) a part sometimes annexed to the JAM (Min.) vide Jamb. forcing pump.

JAMACA'RU (Bot.) a name for several species of American JACK-ŠNIPE (Orn.) a snipe with a variegated body, the fig trees. Raii. Hist. Plant. Scolopax gallinula of Linnæus.

JAMB (Min.) or Jam, a thick bed of stone which obstructs JACK by the Hedge (Bot.) the Erysimum alliaria of Linnæus. the miners in their pursuing the veins of ore. JACKS (Mech.) small bits of wood fixed to the keys of vir- IAMBIC Verse (Poet.) a verse consisting of lambic feet. ginals, harpsichords, and spinnets.

IA'MBLICHI sales (Med.) a preparation with sal ammoniac. JACK with the Lanthorn (Nat.) a vulgar name for a meteor JAMBOLA'NA (Bot.) or Jambolifera, the Calyphantes jam.

that hovers in the night about marshy places, and, appear bolifera of Linnæus.

« ForrigeFortsett »