the land which the party sending the summons seeks to ness. The superficies is rectilinear, if bounded by right have.- Summons, in the Scotch law, a writ under the lines ; curvilinear, if bounded by curve lines; plane, which king's signet, containing the grounds of the action, and a has no inequalities in it;. convex, that curves outwards; warrant for citing the defendant.

and concave when it curves inwards. SU'MPTER HORSE (Archæol.) a horse employed in car SUPERFICIES (Bot.) the surface or disk of a leaf, the upper rying necessaries.

surface of which is called pagina superior, and the lower SUMPTUARY LAWS (Law) laws made to restrain excess or back of the leaf pagina inferior.

in dress and diet, which were repealed by stat. 1 Jac. 1, | SUPERFLUA POLYGA'MIA (Bot.) the name of the c. 25 ; 3 Inst. 199.

Second Order in the Class Syngenesia, wherein the florets SUN (Astron.) Sol, marked thus O, is, according to the of the disk are hermaphrodite and fertile ; and the florets

Pythagorean and Copernican system, placed in the centre of the ray, though female only, are also fertile. of the universe, having all the planets to revolve about it SUPERFCÉTATION (Med.) a second conceiving before in different periods and at different distances. [vide Astro the first young is brought forth, so that both conceptions nony]

are in the womb together, as in the case of hares and SU'NAT (Com.) a name for the old rupees, on which a dis conies. count is allowed.

SUPERGEMINA'LIS (Anat.) another name for the EpidiSU'NDAY (Chron.) the first day of the week, so called dymis.

from its being set apart by our Saxon ancestors for wor SUPERGENUALIS (Anat.) the patella, or kneepan. shipping the idol of the Sun. In the language of the SUPER-IMBATTLED (Her.) an epithet for a fess, or any Old Testament it is called the Sabbath, which, by Chris ordinary having battlements on the top of it. tians, has been changed into the Lord's Day, as comme SUPERINSTITUTION (Law) one institution upon another; inorative of our Lord's Resurrection.

as when a clerk is advanced, and instituted into a benefice SUNDAY-LETTER (Chron.) vide Chronology.

upon one title, and another is likewise instituted to it by SU'N-DEW (Bot.) the Drosera of Linnæus.

the preferment of another patron. SUN-FLOWER (Bot.) the Helianthus of Linnæus.

SUPERIOR (Print.) an epithet for letters, or characters, SUN-SPU'RGE (Bot.) the Euphorbia of Linnæus.

placed over a word. SUOVETAURI'LIA (Ant.) or Solitaurilia, an expiatory SUPERIOR (Astron.) an epithet for the planets Saturn, Jupiter,

sacrifice, consisting of a hog, a sheep, and a bull, whence and Mars, so called by way of eminence, because their it derived its name. It was offered by the Censor in the orbs are above the sun. name of all the Roman people, every fifth year after the SUPERIOR (Law) the grantor of a feudal right. general census of the inhabitants. Varr. de Re Rust. 1. 2, SUPERIOR AU'RIS (Anat.) another name for the attollens c. 4; Dionys. I. 4; Liv. I. 1, c. 44; Quintil, l. 1, c. 5; Manut. de Civ. Rom. apud Græv. Thes. Ant. Rom. tom. SUPERJURA'RE (Law) a terin in the old criminal law 1, &c.

when a person accused was convicted on the oath of more SU'PER (Chem.) used in composition with words expressive credible witnesses than those which he himself brought in

of any salt, denotes an excess of the acid, as supersul his behalf. phate of potash, in which there is an excess of sulphuric SUPERLATIVE (Gram.) the highest degree of comparison acid. [vide Chemistry]

in adjectives. SUPERĀNNUATED (Cus.) a term used on different occa SUPERLIGULA (Anat.) the Epiglottis.

sions for one who is past the age required, as in public SUPERNU'MERARY (Mil.) signifies literally above the schools those boys who are too old to be admitted on the fixed or stated number ; an epithet for the officers and nonfoundation are termed superannuated : also in the army commissioned officers attached to a regiment, or battalion, such as are unfit to serve from age or infirmity, are termed for the purpose of supplying the places of such as fall in superannuated.

action, &c. SUPERBIPARTIENT (Ari!h.) the name of a number SUPERONERATIONE pasturæ (Law) a writ against one

which divides another number, not exactly into two parts, who is impleaded in the county for the overburdening of a but leaves something over and above.

common with his cattle, in case he was formerly impleaded SUPERBUS (Anat.) the muscle Reclus superior oculi.

for it there, and the cause removed to the King's court at SUPERCARGO (Com.) one employed by the freighters Westminster. Stat. Westm. 2. 13 E. 1, c. 8; F. N. B. 126;

of a ship to go a voyage for the purpose of taking in 2 Inst. 370. charge the cargo or lading, and disposing of it to the best SUPERPA'RTIENT Proportion (Math.) is when one numadvantage.

ber, or quantity, contains another once, and some number SUPERCHARGE (Her.) one figure charged or borne of aliquot parts remaining, as one two-thirds, one three

fourths, and the like. SUPERCI'LIA (Anat.) the eye-brows.

SUPER Prerogative Regis (Law) a writ which formerly lay SUPERCI'LIUM (Archit.) the upper member of a cornice against the King's widow for marrying without his licence.

among the ancients, answering to the corona, crown or F. N. B. 174. larmier of the moderns. Vitruv. I. 3, c. 3.

SUPERPURGATIO (Med.) an excessive evacuation by SUPERCILIUM (Anal.) the lip or side of a cavity at the end stool. of a bone, particularly the cartilage of the coxendix. SUPERSCAPULARIS (Anat.) a muscle seated upon

the SUPEREROGATION (Theol.) a term applied to such scapula. works as a man does which exceed the measure of his SUPERSCRIPTION (Lit.) whatever is written upon

the duty.

outside of a paper, SUPERFICIAL (Surg.) an epithet for a wound that lies SUPERSE'DEAS (Law) a writ to stay the doing of that only in the skin.

which ought to be done according to law, were it not for SU'PERFICIAL Content (Men.) vide Area.

the reason on which the writ is granted. F. N. B. 236. SUPERFICIARY (Law) he that pays the quit rent for a SUPERSE'DING (Polit.) a term applied to any officer in house built upon another man's ground.

the army, or navy, who succeeds to the identical situation SUPERFICIES (Geom.) a magnitude bounded by lines, or of another by special appointment.

an extension which has length and breadth but not thick SUPER Statuto (Law) a name for several old writs.

upon another,

SUPE'RSUS (Mus:) the name formerly given to trebles, note that undivided and supreme authority which the king when their station was very high in the scale.

has over all persons and things in this realm, whether spi'SUPERTONIC (Mus.) the second of the key, or the note ritual or temporal, which is denied to him by members of

next above the key note, i.e. C being the key-note, D will the Romish Church, according to the tenets of their relibe the supertonic.

gion; whence their objection to take the oath called the SUPERVISOR (Law) a surveyor or overseer, as the super oath of supremacy, which is administered, or supposed to be visor of a will, the supervisor of the customs.

administered, to all persons previously to their admission SU'PERUS (Bot.) superior; an epithet for a flower, or calyx, into places of trust and office.

that is above the germ, and also for a germ that is included SU'RA (Anat.) the calf of the leg; the fibula. within the corolla.

SURA'LIS ( Anat.) a branch of the crural vein. SUPINATION (Anat.) the act of turning the palm of the SURBASE (Carpent.) the moulding of a room immediately hand upwards, by rotating the radius upon the ulna.

above the base, with the dado between. SUPINATOR (Ånat.) a name given to those muscles which SURBATING (Vet.) or surbate ; a bruise under a horse's

turn the hand upwards, as the supinator radii brevis et foot, often occasioned by travelling too long unshod. longus, &c.

SU'RCHARGE (Law) an extra charge made by assessors SU'PINE (Gram.) a part of the infinitive in Latin verbs, upon such as neglect to make a due return of the taxes to

which is either active or passive in its use and signification. which they are liable.- Surcharge of Forest, where a comSUPPLANTA'LIA (Med.) plaisters applied to the feet. moner puts on more beasts in the forest than he has a SUPPLE JA'CK (Bot.) the Paullinia of Linnæus.

right to SU'PPLEMENT (Mil.) French for an additional allowance SURCHARGE (Com.) an overcharge beyond what is just and

given by the king to an officer over and above his al right. lowance.

SURCHARGER (Law) the same as surcharge of forest. SUPPLEMENT of an arc (Geom.) that which it wants in degrees [vide Surcharge] of being a semicircle.

SURCI'NGLE (Ecc.) a name given to the girdle with which SUPPLEMENTAL bill in equity (Law) a new bill which is clergymen bind their cassocks.

added for the purpose of rendering a former one perfect. SURCINGLE (Men.) a sort of girth for horses. SUPPLICA'TIO (Ant.) a solemn procession to the temples SU'RCOAT (Her.) a coat of arms worn over another.

of the gods to return thanks for any remarkable victory, SUR cui in vita (Law) vide Cui. which was considered as a high compliment to the success SU'RCULUS (Bot.) signifies in general a little branch or ful general. Cic. ad Fam. 1. 8, ep. 2, &c.; Liv. I. 10, c. 23, twig, and is applied by Linnæus particularly to a branchlet Sigon. de Jus. Provin. 1. 2, c. 7; Guther. de Vet. Jur. Pontif. of Musci, and a shoot of the Filices. 1.1, c. 35, &c.

SURD (Arith.) a number or quantity that is incommensuraSUPPLICAVIT (Law) a writ out of chancery for taking the ble to unity, thus the square root of 2 and the cube root

surety of the peace against a man when one is in danger of 10 are surds, otherwise called incommensurable or irra

of being hurt in his body by another. F. N. B. 80, 81. tional numbers, or imperfect powers, which are commonly SUPPLIES (Polit.) extraordinary grants to government by expressed by the radical sign or idex thus, V2, V 10, the Parliament.

&c.-Surds are simple when they consist of one term, and SUPPLY', Commissioners of (Law) persons in Scotland ap compound when they consist of several terms: they are pointed to levy the land-tax.

also to be worked by the different operations of reduction, SUPPO'RTED of the Pale (Her.) an epithet for a beast addition, subtraction, &c. [vide Algebra, &c.] which is drawn upon the pale of an escutcheon.

SURETY (Law) a bail that undertakes for another man in SUPPOʻRTERS (Archit.) images which serve to bear up a criminal case, or action of trespass, &c. any column, &c. in a building.

SURF (Mar.) the swell of the sea which breaks upon the SUPPORTERS (Mar.) a name for the knee-timbers under the

rock lying near the surface of the sea. catheads.

SURFACE (Geom.) vide Superficies, SUPPORTERS (Her.) those animals which are horne

SU'RFEIT (Med.) the consequence of excess in eating and as ornaments without the escutcheon in the

drinking, which consists in a heavy load or oppression of coat-armour of noblemen, as in the annexed

the stomach. figure. They are so called because they seem to

SURGE (Mar.) from surgo, to rise; a swelling sea, or a support the shield.

great wave rolling above the general surface of the water. SUPPOSED Bass (Mus.) a term applied to any bass of a to Surge (Mar.) to let go a portion of rope suddenly, as

different lateral nomination from that of the accompanying Surge the messenger.

chord, as the bass note E or G taken with the chord of C. SURIANA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 10 Decandria, SUPPOSITO'RIUM (Med.) a solid medicine put into the Order 4 Pentagynia. rectum to remain and dissolve gradually.

Generic Character. Cal. perianth five-leaved. — COR. SUPPRESSED (Her.) vide Debruised.

petals five. - STAM. filaments ten; anthers simple. SUPPRESSION (Med.) a stoppage of any Auid which Pist. germs five; styles solitary; stigmas obtuse. ---Per. ought to pass off from the body, as the suppression of the

none; seeds five. menses, urine, &c.

Species. The single species is the Suriana maritima, a SUPPURATION (Med.) that morbid action by which pus shrubby plant. is deposited in inflammatory tumours.

SURMI'CHA (Archæol.) a loaf of coarse white bread. SUPRACOSTA'LIS (Anat.) a portion of the intercostal SURMI'SE (Law) something offered to a court to move it muscles.

to grant a prohibition, an audita querela, or other writs SUPRALAPSA'RIANS (Ecc.) those who maintain that God grantable thereon.

passed his decree of election and reprobation before the SURMOU'NTED (Her.) an epithet for a fall of Adam.

charge, having another placed over it, as in SUPRASPINA'TUS (Anat.) a muscle so called from its the annexed figure of a pile, surmounted by a

being placed above the spine of the shoulder-blade. Its chevron.

principal use is to assist in raising the arm upwards. SURMU'LLET (Ich.) the Mullus of Linnæus, SUPREMACY (Law) a term particularly employed to de a sort of fish much esteemed both by the an

shore, or any

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cients and the moderns for the delicacy of its flesh: it|SUSPENSORY (Surg.) a bag or bandage to suspend the is also remarkable for the beautiful colour which it assumes scrotum. when dying

SUS PER COLL (Law) i. e. suspendatur per collum, or SU'RPLICE (Ecc.) a linen vestment worn by clergymen let him be hanged by the neck; the ancient abbreviated when they officiate.

form of noting, by the judge in the margin of the calenSU'RPLUSAGE (Lau) a superfluity or an addition of more dar, the judgment of those sentenced to death. than is needful, which sometimes causes the writ to abate. SU'SPIRAL (Geog.) in French soupirail, a spring of water

-Surplusage of accounts, a greater disbursement than the passing under ground towards a conduit or cistern. charge of the accounts amounts to.

SU'TLER (Mil.) a victualler who follows a camp and sells SURRËBU'TTER (Law) the replication or answer of the all sorts of provisions to the soldiers. plaintiff to the defendant's rebutter.

SUTTLE (Com.) the pure weight of commodities after deSURREJOI'NDER (Law) a second defence, as the replica ducting allowance for tare.

tion is the first, of the plaintiff's declaration in a cause, SU'TURE (Anat.) the union of bones by means of dentiand is an answer to the rejoinder of the defendant. West. form margins, as in the bones of the cranium, which are Symb. par. 2.

distinguished into the temporal, sphenoidal, zugomatic, SURRENDER (Law) a deed or instrument testifying that transverse, coronal, lambdoidal, and sagittal sutures.

the particular tenant for life or years of lands or tenements Bastard or false satures, those seams of a skull wliose doth yield up his estate to him that hath the immediate figure resembles the scales of a fish, and are joined togeestate in remainder or reversion. Co. Litt. 337.-Surrender ther by going one into another. of a bankrupt, the surrendering or resigning all his property, SUURE (Surg.) the uniting the lips of a wound by sewing. personal and real, into the hands of his creditors or their SUZY'GIUM (But.) the Calyptranthes of Linnæus. assignees.

SWAB (Alar.) a mop formed of old rope yarns. SU'RROGATE (Law) one that is substituted or appointed SWA'BBER (Mar.) one who is employed in cleaning the by another, as a chancellor, &c. by a bishop.

decks with swabs. SUR-SHARP (Mus.) a name given to the fifth tetrachord SWAI'NMOTE (Law) vide Sweinmote. above, added by Guido.

SWALLET (Min.) water breaking in upon the tin-miners SU'RSISE (Low) a wori particularly used for such pe at their work.

nalties as are imposed upon those who do not pay the | SWA'LLOW (Orn.) the Hirundo of Linnæus, a bird which

duties or rent of Castle-ward, in the Castle of Dover. chiefly frequents watery places, and skims so near the SURSO'LID (Arith.) the fifth power of any number con

surface of the water that it can catch insects as it flies. sidered as a root; thus 32 is the sursolid of 2. ·

Swallow (Her.) the welcome harbinger of SURSOLID Problem (Geom.) a problem which cannot be spring, is borne in coat-armour, as in the an

solved but by curves of a higher kind than the conic nexed figure. “ He beareth, or, three swalsections.

lows close proper; by the name of Watlon." SURTOU'T (Fort.) French for the elevation of a rampart. SWALLOW-TAIL (Fort.) an outwork narSurtout (Cus.) a great upper coat.

rower towards the place than towards the Surtout (Her.) signifying over all, an epithet for a small country. escutcheon containing a coat of augmentation.

SWA'LLOW-WORT (Bot.) the Asclepins of Linnæus. SURVEY'ING (Mcn.) the art of measuring the area, or SWAN (Orn.) a bird nearly allied to the duck and the

superficial contents of lands, grounds, fields, by the help goose, and classed with them under the name of Anas in of proper instruments.

the Linnean system. SURVEYOR (Law) signifies properly one who follows the Swan (Her.) styled in poetry the bird of

profession of surveying; but, in application to law, is taken Apollo, is reckoned the emblem of innocence, in the sense of one who surveys or superintends any busi and is much borne in coat-armour, as in the ness; as the Surveyor of the King's Exchange, an officer annexed example. “He beareth, sable, a formerly in the mint; the Surveyor of the Navy, one who swan with her wings expansed, argent, memsees to the King's Stores ; Surveyor of the Highways, a bered, or, within a bordure engrailed of the parochial officer, &c.

same by the name of Moore.” SURVIVOR (Law) the longer liver of two joint tenants.

SWANPAN (Arith.) vide Schwan-pan. SUS (Zool.) the generic name for the animal which is well SWARD (Husband.) ground covered with grass and other

known by the vulgar name of the Hog, being of the Class herbs. Mammalin, Order Bellucc.

SWARF-MONEY (Law) an old term probably corrupted SU'SANA Terra (Archocol.) land worn out with the plough. from earth-money and guard-money, i. e. money paid in SU'SBOUT (Carpent.) a thick piece of timber standing up

lieu of Castleguard. right, and turning on a pivot, into which several other SWARTH (Husband.) or Swath, grass or corn as it is laid pieces of carpentry are received.

in rows by the mower from the scythe. SUSPENSION (Lare) the temporal stop of a man's right; SWA'RTZIA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 18 Polyadel

as when a seigniority, rent, &c. by reason of the unity of phia, Order 4 Polyandria. possession, or otherwise, lies dormant for some time.

Generic Character. Cal. perianth one-leaved. — CoR. SUSPENSION, in Civil Law, is a sort of censure, whereby none. - Stam. filaments numerous; anthers roundish,

ecclesiastical persons are forbidden to exercise their flat.-Pist. germ oblong; style none; stigma, or take the profits of their benefices. There is Per. capsule coriaceous; seed single, ovate. likewise a suspension of the laity from the hearing divine Species. The species are shrubs and natives of the West Inservice, &c.

dies, as the Swartzia simplifolia, grandiflora, triphylla, & Suspension, Points of (Mech.) those points in the axis, or To SWAY (Mar.) to hoist, as particularly applied to the

beam of a balance, where they are applied, or from which lower yards, top-masts, &c. they are suspended.

SWA'YING of the back (Vet.) an injury done to the back SUSPENSOR (Anat.) another name for the Cremaster. of a horse by violent strains, or excessive burdens. SUSPENSO'RIUM Hepatis (Anat.) the ligament of the SWEATING SICKNESS (Med.) the Ephidrosis. lower Suspensorium Testes, the cremaster muscle.

SWEEP of the Tiller (Mar.) a circular plank fitted to sup



port the foremost end of the tiller, serving to convey the || SWINE-STONE (Min.) the Suillus of Linnæus, a sort of tiller-rope round it, and to keep it always taught.

marble, or calcareous earth. To Sweep (Mar.) to drag the bight or loose part of a small || SWI'NG-TREE (Mech.) the bar of a waggon placed across

rope along the surface of the ground, in a harbour or road, the foreguard, to which the traces are fastened. in order to recover an anchor, or whatever else may be SWI'NG-WHEEL (Mech.) in a royal pendulum, the wheel lost.

which drives the pendulum. ..SWEE'P-BAR (Mech.) the bar of a waggon, which is fixed SWIPE (Mech.) vide Swepe.

on the hind-part of the fore-guide, and passes under the SWIVEL (Gunn.) or swivel-gun, a small piece of ordnance hind-pole, which slides upon it.

that turns any way round on a swivel or pivot. SWEEPER of the sky (Mar.) a name given by sailors to the SWO'LING (Archäol.) a hide of land, or as much as one N. W. winds of America.

man can plough in a year. SWEEPS (Mar.) the large oars used on board ships of SWO'LLEN vein (Vet.) a crooked vein swelling with corrupt

blood in the temples, belly, or leg of a horse. SWEET APPLE (Bot.) another name for the Custard TO SWOOP (Sport.) the act of flying down hastily and

Apple, or Annona of Linnæus.-Sweet-Briar, the Rosa catching with the talons by birds of prey.
rubiginosa.—Sweet-Fern, the Scandic odorata, a perennial. I SWORD, broad (Mil.) vide Broad-Sword.
--Sweet-Flax, the scorus, a perennial.-Sweet-Gum, the SWORD-BA'YONET (Mil.) a bayonet which is longer than
Liquid amber styracijolia, a shrub. - Sweet-John's-wort, the common one, and generally used with rifles.
the Dianthus barbatus, a perennial.-Sweet-Maudlin, the SWORD-BEARER (Polit.) an officer who carries the
Achillea ageratum, a perennial.-Sweet-Pea, the Lathyrus sword of state before a magistrate, particularly before the
odoratus, an annual.- Sweet-Rush, the Acorus calamus, a Lord Mayor of London.
bulbous plant.-Sweet-Sop, the Annona squamosa, a tree. SWORD.FISH (Ich.) the Xiphius, a sort of fish twenty
- Sweet-Sultan, the Centaurea moschata, an annual. feet long, and furnished with a sword-like snout, with
Sweet-Weed, the Capraria biflora, a shrub. — Sweet which it pierces the fish that it attacks.
William, the Dianthus barbatus, a perennial. - Sweet SWO'RD-KNOT (Mil.) a ribband tied to the hilt of a

Willow, the Myrica gala, a shrub.
SWEINMOTE (Law) i. e. court of swains, or countrymen ; SWO'RDER (Mil.) an old term signifying one who plays

one of the forest courts to be bolden before the verderors, or fights with his sword.
as judges, by the steward of the sweinmote, the swains, or SWO'RN Brothers (Mil.) soldiers of fortune who used to
countrymen, composing the jury. 34 Edw. 1, st. 5, c. 1; engage themselves by mutual oaths to share the rewards of
Manwood. For. Laws. part 1.

their services. SWELL (Mus.) the name given to a part of an organ, con SY'ALITE (Bot.) the Dillenia speciosa of Linnæus.

sisting of a certain quantity of pipes, in a large wooden | SYCAMORE (Bot.) the Ficus sycamorus of Linnæus. case called the Swell-Box.

SYCOʻMA (Med.) from oură, a fig; a wart or excrescence SWEPE (Mech.) or swipe, an engine with cross-beams used resembling a fig. in raising weights, &c.

SYCOPHANTA (Ant.) συκοφάντης, an informer among the SWERTIA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 5 Pentandria, Athenians, so called from the informations which were Order 2 Digynia.

originally laid against those who imported figs contrary to Generic Character. CAL. perianth five-parted.-Cor, one law. Schol. Aristoph. Plut. ; Suidas.

petalled; nectaries ten. Stam. filaments five; anthers | SYCO'SIS (Med.) a fungous ulcer. incumbent. -- Pist. germ ovate, oblong; style none; | SYDERATION (Bot.) the blasting of trees with great heat

stigmas two, simple. Per.capsule round; seeds numerous. and drought. Species. The species are the -Swertia perennis, seu Gen- SYENA (Bot.) a genus of plants nearly allied to the Comtiana, Marsh Swertia, or Felwort.-Swertia corniculata, melina. an annual.-Srvertia dichoioma, &c.

SY'LLABLE (Gram.) an articulate and distinct sound SWIETE'NIA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 10 Decandria, formed of one or more letters. Order 1 Monogynia.

SY'LLABUS (Lit.) cuidados, an index of the words, or the Generic Character. Cal. perianth one-leaved. - Cor. chief heads of a book.

petals five; nectary one-leaved.--STAN. filaments ten; SYLLE'PSIS (Gram.) cumarta, a figure in grammar where anthers oblong.- Pist. germ ovate; style awl-shaped ; two nominative cases singular of different persons are stigma headed.—Per. capsule ovate ; seeds very niany;

joined to a verb, receptacle large.

SYLLOGISM (Log.) an argument consisting of three proSpecies. The principal species is the Swietenia mahogoni, positions, two of which are called the promises, and the Cedrus, seu Cedrela, Mabogony-Tree.

the third the question; but, after it is drawn from the SWIFT (Astron.) an epithet for a planet that moves faster by other two, it is termed the conclusion. [vide Logic]

its own proper diurnal motion than by its mean diurnal | SY'LVA cædua (Law) underwood, or wood under twenty motion,

years growth. Swift (Orn.) the Hirundo apus of Linnæus, a bird of the SYLVANITE (Vin.) the name for a species of Tellurium. swallow tribe, with very short feet.

SYMBLE'PHARUM (Anat.) from vù, with, and Basqa por, Swift (Zool.) an animal of the lizard tribe, so called from the eyelid; a concretion of the eyelid to the globe of the the swiftness of its motions.

eye. SWIFTER (Mar.) a rope used to confine the bars of the SYMBOLE (Anat.) or symbolism, from ovu Belana, to knit

capstan ; also a strong rope sometimes used to encircle a together; is said either of the fitness of parts with one boat lengthways.

another, or of the consent between them by the intermeSwifters are likewise two shrouds fixed on the starboard diation of nerves, and the like.

and larboard sides of the lower masts as an additional | SYMBOLO'GIA (ved.) the doctrine of the signs ar security.

symptonis of diseases. SWIGGING off (Mar.) the act of pulling upon the middle SYMPATHETIC Nerve (Anat.) the intercostal nerve, of a tight rope, which is made fast at both ends.

SYMPATHETIC Powder (Chem.) a powder chemically SWINE'S-CRÈSS (Bot.) the Cochlearia coronopus of Linnæus. pared from green or blue vitriol. VOL. II.

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SYMPATHY (Med.) an indisposition of one part of the ||SYNATHRCESMU'S (Rhet.) cwebporomès, a figure of speech body caused by the disease of the other.

wherein several matters are heaped together. Quintil. 1. 8, SYMPE/PSIS (Med.) cupsreitos, a concoction or ripening c. 4; Alexand. Tepi omap.; Rutil. Lup. 1. 1.

of those humours that are growing into an inflammation. SYNAU'LIA (Mus.) our unic, a concert of flute-players, SYMPHO'NIA (Bot.) a genus of plants, Class 16 Mona who answered each other alternately without any union of delphia, Order 2 Pentandria.

the voice. Generic Character. Cal. perianth five-leaved. - Cor. SYNCATAGORE'MA (Log.) cuyxatnyópapes, a name in logic

petals five.-Stam. filaments cylindric; anthers five.- given to such words as signify but little, except in connecPist. germ ovate ; style cylindric ; stigmas five, oblong. tion with others, as all, none, certain, &c. - Per.berry five-ceiled; serds solitary.

SYNCHONDRO'SIS (Anat.) from so, with, and xárdsos, a carSpecies. The single species is the Symphonia globulifera, tilage; a species of articulation, having the bones joined at a tree.

their extremities by cartilages. SYMPIIONIA (Mus) a pulsatile instrument of the ancients SYNCHONDROTÓMIA (Surg.) the operation of dividing

made of a hollow tree closed at each end with leather, and the symplysis of the pubes. struck with sticks.

SYNCHORE'SIS (Rhet.) ouyraproos, a figure of speech SYMPHONY (Mus.) our wriz, from ouw. Dariw, to sound to wherein an argument is scoffingly conceded to, for the

gether; signified originally that union of sounds which purpose of retorting it more smartly. Eustath. ad Hom. II. fornis a concert; but at present it is applied to overtures or SYNCHRONOUS (Chron.) from cur, with, and zpóros, time; introductory and intermediary composition, vocal and in an epithet for any thing that happens at the same time with strumental.

another ; contemporary. SY'YPHYSIS (Surg.) cupe Quous, the joining of two bones SY'NCHYSIS (Rhet.) ou xuris, a confused and disorderly

when neither has a proper distinct motion, and they are placing of words in a sentence. Arist. ad Alerand. ; Quineither without any medium, or else with one that ties til. l. 1 ; Hermog, 1. 1. them straight together.

SY'NCIPUT (Anat.) the forepart of the cranium. SYMPHYTUM (Bolu

) oupputor, a plant mentioned by SYNCOMISTERIA (Ant.) a festival which consisted in an Dioscorides, which he compares in its leaf to the Origa offering of fruits after harvest. Menand. Rhet. num. It was altogether woody, having a pleasant taste | SYNCOPATION (Mus.) cyprométvo, a term applied to and smell. Dioscor. l. 4, c. 9.

that disposition of the melody or harmony of a composiSYMPHYTUM, in the Linnean system, a genus of plants, Class tion, by which the last note of one bar is so connected 5 Pentandria, Order 1 Monogynia.

with the first note of the succeeding bar, as to form but Generic Character. Cal. perianth five-parted.-Cor. one on and the same sound.

petalled.-STAM. filaments five; anthers acute, erect.— | SY'NCOPE (Gram.) oryxon, a figure whereby one or more Pist, germs four; styles filiform; stigma simple.-Per. letters are taken out of a word, as amârunt for amaverunt. none; caly.r larger ; seeds four.

SYNCOPE (Rhet.) a concise form of speaking; also a vicious Species. The species are perennials, as the--Symphytum kind of brevity. Longin. de Subim. c. 41.

officinale, seu Consolida, Common-Comfrey.-Symphy- | Syncope (Mus.) the division of a note, as when an odd tum tuberosum, Tuberous-rooted Comfrey. Dod. Pempt. ; crotchet comes before two or three minims, or an odd Bauh. Hist.; Bauh. Pin.; Ger. Herb. ; Park. Thent. quaver between two or more crochets. Botan.; Raii Hist.; Tourn. Inst.

SYNCOPE (Med.) a sudden fainting or swooning, a genus of disSYMPHYTum is also the name of a species of the Coris, Cyno eases, Class Neuroses, Order Adynamia in Cullen's Nosology. glossum, Gypsophila, Onosma, Pulmonaria.

SY'NCRISIS (Rhet.) cum aforis, a figure of speech in which SYMPLOCOS (Bot.) a genus of plants, nearly allied to the opposite persons or things are compared. Jul. Rufin. 5 37. Hopea, but still more so to the Alstonia.

SYNCRITICA (Med.) ouyxpozorce, relaxing medicines. SY'M'PLOCE (Rhet.) copzioni, a figure in rhetoric when SYNDESMOLO'GIA (Anat.) from ourdieuse, a ligament,

several sentences or clauses ha.e the same beginning and and >070s, a discourse; the doctrine of the ligaments. the same end. Cic. 1. 4, c. 3; Alexand. ispi v mape Aquil. | SYNDESMO-PHARYNGÆ'US (Anat.) a muscle otherwise Rom. c. 36.

called the Constrictor pharyngis medius. SYMPTOM (Med.) chustaw, a preternatural disposition SYNDESMO'SIS (Anat.) that species of symphysis in which

of the body occasioned by some disease ; also the sign or the bones are connected by means of a ligament, as the token discovering what a distemper is, or indicating what radius with the ulna. the issue of it will be, and the means of cure.

SYNDESMUS (Anat) cuidoué, a ligament for binding toSYMPTO'SIS (Gram.) Cup TWJIS, a concourse of vowels; an gether the bones and other parts. hiatus. Cic. in Orat. c. 44 ; Dionys. Comp. c. 23.

SYNDESMUS (Gram.) a conjunction. SYNA'CTICS (Med.) medicines that contract any part. SY'NDIC (Polit.) a magistrate in Germany and Switzerland, SYNÆ'RESIS (Gram.) ou aipiru, a figure in grammar where answering to an alderman in England. two syllables or vowels are united in one.

SY'NDICI (Ant.) codoxes, orators appointed by the AtheSYNAČLAGMATA (Rhet.) judicial controversies, or mat nians to plead in behalf of any law which was to be ters for pleading in court.

enacted or abrogated. Ulpian. ad Demosthen. SYNALEPHA (Gram.) cura 201©n, a contraction of two SYNDRE'LLA (Bot.) the Verbesina nodiflora of Linnæus.

vowels into one, in a Latin verse, when any word ends with || SY'NDROME (Med.) a concurrence of several symptoms in a vowel, and the next word begins with another vowel. the same disorder. Demet. de Eloc. $70; Dionys. de Comp. c. 6.

SYNE'CDOCHE (Rhet.) Guvexdoxin, a figure of speech, SY'NAMUR (Her.) sanguine, or gules.

whereby the whole is put for a part, or a part for the SYNANCHE (Med.) vide Cynanche.

whole, as a genus for the species, and the contrary: SY'N APAE (Mus.) opraon, a term applied by the ancients | SYNECDOCHE (Gram.) a figure in grammar, when the ablato the conjunction of two tetrachords.

tive case is changed into the accusative. SYNARTHRO'SIS (Anat.) from our and cépépov, a joint; an SYNE'CHIA (Med.) a concretion of the iris of the eye with

immovable connection, a sort of articulation. [vide Arti the cornea, or with the capsule of the crystalline lens. culation, &c.]

SYNECPHONE'SIS (Gram.) ovex árinois, the sounding of SYNASTOMO'SIS (Anat.) vide Anastomosis.

two vowels as if they were one.

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