Sidebilder
PDF
ePub

bricks to be found in most brickyards. They are shown in elevation and section. The dotted hori

Fig. 13.

zontal lines show the courses of brickwork in the wall : the vertical dotted line the line in which the section is made. Fig. ii is formed of common bricks laid in the same courses as in the wall, and in the usual manner, only set out so as to project in the manner shown; above which is laid a course of round-ended bricks (Fig. 1) in the line of the roof just under the slates. In Fig. 12 the corbels are formed of a bevel-ended brick (Fig. 2), and the moulding under the roof of bricks laid diagonally, in the manner shown in Fig. 14. Fig. 13 is formed of the bevel-ended bricks (Fig. 2).

a

CORNICES AND STRINGCOURSES.

a

means

Projecting cornices and corbels of brick might, I think, be used with advantage much more frequently than is customary at present. Besides being an important addition to the appearance of a cottage, if used judiciously, they are often a very convenient

of supporting the spouting For this purpose detached corbels are to be preferred before a continuous cornice ; and the spouting ought to be laid upon them two or three inches clear of the wall, so that if the spouting, as will sometimes happen, overflows, the water may run away from the wall, and not into it.

Stringcourses are also a simple and oftentimes a very effectual mode of varying the design of a building. One or two of them introduced between the upper and lower windows will often modify a design so much, as materially to alter the effect of the general proportions of the building, and make them pleasing when they would otherwise be much the contrary. Although of no constructive use, they may be added at very little cost, and are by no means to be disregarded as a means of improving the outward look of a cottage. In Fig. 14 is shown the elevation and section

of a kind of stringcourse or cornice frequently used about a century ago; also the plan of the middle course, showing the way

the bricks in it are laid. Fig. 14. In buildings of that date may also often be seen cornices, in which there are two, or, in larger buildings, even more than two courses of bricks laid diagonally; in these the bricks of the upper course are laid alternately with those in the course below, and projecting a little beyond them. These cornices are often handsome, although somewhat heavy; and on the whole the effect is in general scarcely so good as that of the still more common and very simple stringcourse shown in Fig. 15, which

Fig. 15.

is formed entirely of common square bricks set in the regular courses; the bricks in the lower of the two courses are set out alternately one and two inches, and those in the upper course an inch or two beyond this. It may be varied by setting the bricks in the lower course all headers, instead of as drawn, alternately header and stretcher. In Fig. 16 the bevel-ended bricks (Fig. 2) are used in the same manner

H

H square bricks in Fig. 15.

Fig. 16. Fig. 17 is formed of bricks bevelled at the side

as

are

Fig. 17.

instead of at the end, a

form of brick very

H

commonly found in brickyards, being not unfrequently used for plinth courses. Fig. 18 is

formed of bevel

ended bricks set out

HAHAAA

alternately in the Fig. 18.

two lower courses, and with a course of common bricks over these. In Fig. 19 is shown a cornice of oversailing courses,

Fig. 19.

so arranged as to form a kind of row of corbels springing from single bevel-ended bricks. Corbels formed as shown in this figure may also be used without the oversailing courses by which they are joined together here, and a row of such corbels, or of others formed in some similar manner, I find to be a very good support for spouting, besides being a most effective ornament in a building. In some brickyards are to be found

« ForrigeFortsett »