shear, Dr. Henry B. Hamilton, George I. Wasson, Mordecai Oliver, Esq" Dandridge Morrow, John Q. Quesenberry, Presley T. Petty, Walter L. Bransford, and Thomas W. McCuistion.

11th, That our esteemed fellow-citizen, Mordecai Oliver, is our first choice for congress, and the delegates to the district convention are hereby instructed to cast the vote of this county for him.

12th, That the chair appoint a central committee of five persons to fill any vacancy that may occur among the delegates to either the state or district convention. Whereupon the chair anointed Dr. Jos. Chew, Major W. Boyce, C. T. Garner, Esq., George I. Wasson, and Mordecai Oliver, Esq.

13th, That the proceedings of this meeting be published in the Richmond Herald and Liberty Tribune, and that the whig papers throughout the state are requested to copy.

On motion, the meeting adjourned.

Geo. Woodward, Chairman.

James Hughes, Secretary.


March 17, 1862.]

The exercises of the seventh session of this institution will be resumed on Monday, the 22d instant.

This institution is pleasantly situated in a retired and healthful part of the town. The school rooms are well ventilated, and in every respect well adapted to promote the health, comfort and convenience of the pupils.

The course of study includes all the important branches of a substantial English education.

Virtue, as well as knowledge, is the object of a sound education. Special attention, therefore, is given to the moral conduct of all the pupils of the school, as well as to their intellectual improvement, since it is evident that the one is almost useless, unless adorned and directed by the other.


March 26th, 1852.1

While California is engrossing so large a share of the public attention, we must not overlook the great inducements that Ray county presents to those that are in quest of a western home. The interests of our immediate section of country have hitherto been neglected, from a want of the means to disabuse the public mind with regard to our resources, wealth and prosperity. Unfavorable reports have frequently been put in circulation in adjoining counties as to the true condition of old Ray, for the purpose of deterring emigrants from settling in it, and, at the same time, not losing sight of home interests, make their own counties the subject of laudation. As the Richmond Herald is the advocate of home interests, we deem it our imperative duty to set before the public mind some statements as to the soil, productions and climate.

It is conceded by all that have any knowledge of the soil, that in point of fertility it can not be surpassed by any in this western country. The rich loam extends to an astonishing depth, and may be tilled for years in succession without exhausting its productiveness. While the farmer in sections of the country less favored by nature is making use of strenuous efforts to restore the exhausted soil to a fruitful condition, he here has but to commit his grain to the soil, and with a moderate share of attention, may expect an abundant yield. The surface of the country is generally undulating, presenting to the eye of the beholder beautiful rolling prairies, skirted with an abundance of fine timber, and traversed by numerous streams of water, thus adapting it to grazing, as well as to the culture of all kinds of grain.

The timber is generally of large growth, and as to quantity, well proportioned to the prairie.

The staple productions are wheat, corn, hemp and tobacco; great quantities of which are shipped annually from different shipping points of the county, the principal of which are Camden and Hughes Landing. A ready market can always be had at the different trading establishments at home for all kinds of produce.

The favorableness of a climate to the preservation of health, is always an important consideration in settling a country; we can with safety say that our county from its salubrious air and excellent water very strongly recommends itself in that point of view.

The efforts of our enterprising citizens are rapidly improving the appearance of the country. Villages are springing up throughout the country as if by the touch of a magical wand, and thousands of acres of land lying waste a few years ago, are now assuming the appearance of well cultivated farms.

Our community is an intelligent one—a thinking people, with whom law and order are safe. Vice and immorality no sooner raise their Protean heads to the public gaze than they meet with that censure and condemnation which they deserve.

It would be better, by far, for the man of moderate means to seek a home in a land like this, and by gradual accessions of fortune to become independent, than to be lured to the land of Ophir by idle dreams of glittering wealth.

The expectations of many that have gone to California have been blighted, who, after enduring innumerable hardships in pursuit of the yellow phantom, and expending all they possessed, return home depressed in spirits. The anticipations of but few in amassing splendid fortunes are realized, and some sometimes at the expense of health and happiness. It should, therefore, be a matter of serious reflection to those who go, to know whether thev will ameliorate their condition in any wise by emigrating to the Eldorada of the ninteenth century.

Friday. April 9th. 18521

On the 3d instant, between thirty and forty emigrants were landed at Hughes' Landing, from the steamboat, Monongahela. They were destitute of everything that pertains to comfort. Several of them were dangerously ill, and one of the number, named Brown, died on the bank a few minutes after landing. While one of the party went in quest of a physician, Mr. J. N. Hughes, with his characteristic promptness and philanthropy, had the whole of them conveyed to his dwelling, where he administered to their wants in a humane manner.

Doctor Crutchy arrived in due time, and did all that medical skill could do to alleviate the sufferings of the sick, and the next morning all were better, except a child, when our informant left. They were from East Tennessee, and intended locating near Millville.


Friday, April 16th, 1852.]

It falls to our painful duty to record the destruction of the steamer Saluda, commanded by Captain Belt, by the explosion of her boilers, attended with an awful destruction of human life.

The boat was just leaving the wharf at Lexington, bound for Council Bluffs, on the morning of the 9th instant, between seven and eight o'clock, when the explosion took place, with a report that was heard for miles around, while in the immediate vicinity the shock was so great as to cause houses to tremble to their foundations. The air was darkened with fragments of the vessel, and scores of human beings without a moment's warning, were swept into eternity. When the citizens reached the spot, the most heart-rending scenes were presented to view, of which the imagination can possibly conceive. The shore was covered with the limbs and mangled bodies of the sufferers, their warm blood trickling down the banks, while the screams and the groans of the wounded and the dying filled the air, causing the hearts of the beholders to sicken, and the tears of sympathy to gush from their eyes.

Everything that was in human power was done. The boat was soon reached and the wounded and dying conveyed to the nearest warehouses, where every possible assistance was rendered that was calculated to relieve their sufferings or soothe their dying moments.

Many were thrown into the river, of which number but few were saved, some, however, breasted the waves and succeeded in reaching the shore.

Through the exertions of Mr. Ball and others, several were saved from a watery grave, among whem was an interesting little child, both of whose parents were killed, and whom Mr. Ball, in the goodness of his heart, intends to adopt as his own.

The number on board is variously estimated, but it may be put down at two hundred, of which number, one hundred and thirty-five were killed, and thirty-five wounded so seriously that but few will recover. All of the officers of the boat were killed, with the exception of the mate and first clerk. The second clerk was literally torn to pieces, and the captain was thrown out ohe. hundred yards from the boat against the bluff.

The passengers were principally Mormons from England on their way to Salt Lake.

The city council and citizens of Lexington contributed $900 towards defraying the expenses that might be incurred, thus showing in a manner worthy of the highest praise, their sympathy for the sufferers.

The boat is a complete wreck, and but little of the freight will be saved uninjured.

The Saluda was a condemned boat, and the captain of the Isabel had the caution to land some three hundred yards below her, saying that he knew she was an old boat, and that it would be unsafe to be near her, when she should attempt to stem the strong current above Lexington.

We were not able to obtain the names of the killed and wounded or missing, as under the circumstances, it was utterly impossible.''

* Written by Joseph E. Black, Esq., of Richmond, who was on the ground immediately after the explosion, rendering assistance to the unfortunate sufferers.


Prid»y, May 7, 1852.]

Feeling a deep interest in the welfare of old Ray, and knowing that the location of a college here must be a matter of the utmost importance and earnestly desired by every one who has the interest of his county at heart, we shall present a few more considerations to the minds of our readers.

On Monday, the 3d inst., a college meeting was held according to notice, and, considering the unfavorableness of the weather, there was a very good turn out.

The meeting was addressed by the Honorable G. W. Dunn, whose arguments cannot fail to make a deep impression, and to excite a lively interest in this matter of such vital importance to the county. We shall give a synopsis of the speech, together with a few suggestions of our own, desiring that the subject may be fairly laid before our people, who, seeing their interests, may act accordingly.

It is a matter of complaint among the people that they cannot obtain competent teachers'to fill their schools. Why is it so? The reason is plain and obvious. Persons of moderate circumstances are deterred from sending their children to a distance on account of the enormous expense that must necessarily be incurred, while such as are wealthy enough to incur these expenses wish their sons to become professional characters. We are, therefore, compelled to get such teachers as we can, who are, as often as otherwise, of more injury than benefit to the cause of education. Let us then rear up an institution among us, so that the man of moderate means, as well as the man of wealth, may be enabled to educate his children. We will then be able to send forth a corps of teachers into our county, of whose intelligence we may justly be proud; who will give a new tone to society, inculcate new love of literature, and in a short time place us on a par with the most intelligent communities of the country.

The importance of having competent teachers to train the minds of youth, is a matter that is too frequently unappreciated and too lowly rated. The warrior, with a thousand victories inscribed upon his banner, or the statesman, encircled with all the glories he may possibly achieve, does not exercise greater influence than the teacher, who, unsurrounded by the paraphernalia of war or the pageantry of state, trains the youth either to become a terror to the society in which he moves, or makes him an honor to himself and a benefit to society and the country at large.

The very nature of our government requires that every man should think and decide for himself upon the most momentous questions—and not that a few minds should do all the thinking and deciding. But how can the people think rationally and clearly upon subjects they know nothing about? Suffer the masses to remain in ignorance, and they will be led by fanatics and demagogues, and our government must fall a victim to the very principles upon which it is founded, to-wit: the right of suffrage; the right of every one to decide upon all questions of government through the ballot-box.

Let us, then, rear up this institution among us, where our teachers can be instructed, who will teach our children wisdom and virtue.

The love you hold for your children and your country appeals to you; and shall you turn a deaf ear to the call, and permit the golden opportunity to pass unheeded and unnoticed? Should a college be located here, men of wealth and enterprise will flock into and around it. Thousands of dollars will be added to the wealth of the place, and every species of business will receive new impetus and vigor. This place would spring into new existence, and from other examples it may be safely asserted that our population would be doubled in five years. Look at Liberty. What was she a few years ago? It would have been hard to decide if it or this place was ahead. But how is it now? No sooner was a college located there, than hundreds flocked to the place, adding vastly to its wealth and enterprise; land increased fifty per cent; new spirit was infused into every branch of business, and in a few years Liberty has becom flourishing city. But the same opportunity is presented to us, and all we have to do is to embrace it, and our county seat will likewise become a wealthy, populous and thriving place.


"O, let the bird of freedom soar,

Above the clouds and storms of earth,
With faultless pinions as of yore

Till all shall own his heavenly birth;
And tear not from his bleeding breast,

Though tempted by its golden hue,
The plumage in which Nature drest

The bird that freemen love to view.

And though his severed wings might seem

Still beautiful if torn away,
Our foes would spurn such toys, and deem

The bird himself their chosen prey.
Then pluck not from this glorious bird—

The plumes with which he mounts on high;
Rather let freedom's son be heard

Rejoicing as he cleaves the sky.

Proud bird! though marred by ruthless hands,

Thy name each freemen gladly hails,
For well he knows in other lands

Before thy glance the despot quails;
Still make thy cherished home among

The shrines reared by our patriotic sires,
Till the last scepter shall be wrung

From tyrant hands—till time expires."
Richmond, Mo., A. D. 1851. a. w. Dunk,

Our COUNTY. Richmond Mirror, of Friday, March 11, 1853.]

In the earlv settlement of the county, the only road leading to Clay county, (which was then regarded as the "Eldorado" of Missouri by most Kentuckians) passed up through the Missouri bottom the entire breadth of the county; and as fever and ague was]then quite prevalent, an impression prevailed that Ray was a "sickly county,' when nothing could be farther from the truth. Even our bottom lands have become healthy from cultivation, and the upland part of the county is as favorable to health and longevity as any portion of the state. The position, geograph

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