twice married. First, in 1354, to Miss Jane Smith, of Iowa. The issue of this marriage was four children, two of whom, James Rolla and Vesta Iowa, yet live. His second wife was Miss Jennie McDowel, of Ray county. By her he has two children: Charlie C., and Eddie E. Mr. Lancaster did the most of the work with his own hands in the construction of the buildings upon his farm. He is a good carpenter, a practical, successful farmer, an estimable neighbor and a good citizen.


The gentleman whose name heads this sketch was born in Madison county, Illinois, July 29, 1844. He was educated at Shurtleff College, in the city of Alton. His father was conducting a hardware store there, and when young Kell had finished his collegiate course he found employment in that business. He was afterwards, in the year 1863, engaged in railroading, and later, found employment on a steamboat. He emigrated to California in 1865, and while there was occupied with farming. He returned home in 1867, and in 1869, visited Ray county, Missouri, and remained during the summer. After his return home he 'continued the cultivation of his farm. In 1874, he left Illinois, and established his home in Ray county, and here he has ever since resided. Mr. Kell was married to Miss Louise Clarke, of Ray county, Missouri, in the month of December, 1870. She proved a most excellent wife, and devoted mother. Three children were born to them: Edward C., Reuben L. and Ella M., who were early deprived, by death, of their mother's loving care. Mrs. Kell died in October, 1878. She was very popular, and highly esteemed for her amiable character. Her untimely death was deeply mourned by her many friends and relatives. Mr. Kell has a fine farm of two hundred acres, with a handsome and comfortable residence. He is a good citizen, and a reliable, honest, upright man.


Samuel O. Mason was born on the 31st day of May, 1835, in Mason county, Kentucky. His parents immigrated to Missouri when he was very young, and settled for a time in Lafayette county. Here he received his education, and, after leaving school, devoted himself to farming. He enlisted from Lafayette county, with General Jo Shelby, and served for some time in the Confederate army. He was discharged at Baton Rouge, Louisiana. He returned to Missouri, and began farming in Ray county. Mr. Mason was married on the 23d day of September, 1856, to Miss Georgia Ann Delaney, a resident of Lexington, Lafayette county, Missouri, but born in Kentucky. Of this union eight children were born, six of whom, Robert, Ida, Flora, A., Byron, and Georgia, still live. Two, who were younger, died in infancy. Mr. Mason was called upon to suffer the loss of his excellent wife, and the children to mourn the absence of a loving, tender mother's care. Mrs. Mason died August 9, 1878, and the sunshine went out of that once happy home. Mr. Mason has traveled considerably over different states of the Union, but has seen no section of the country he likes better than old Ray. He has a fine large farm, in excellent condition, a handsome residence, and a commodious and conviently arranged barn. He deals extensively in live-stock, and is constantly grazing or feeding stock for market. He is to-day the possessor of a handsome competency, and has the pleasant reflection as he enjoys it, that it is all the result of his own industry.


This gentleman is a Missourian. He was born in Lafayette county, on the 12th day of June, 1857, and was educated there and in Ray county. His parents removed with him to the latter county in 1865, where he has ever since been engaged in his favorite occupation, farming. He was married on the 18th day of November, 1879, to Miss Lillie J. Slusher, daughter of a prominent farmer of Lafayette county, Missouri. R. W. Mason is the eldest son of Mr. Samuel O. Mason, a native of Kentucky. Mr. Mason owns an excellent farm of one hundred and seventy-five acres in Richmond township, in an unsurpassed condition in point of productiveness, a fine, commodious residence, and other improvements and conveniences of modern kind. He is an industrious, progressive, and successful young farmer, and is universally liked for his good-natured hospitality, so freely dispensed to friend or stranger. He counts his friends by the score. With the advantages he now possesses, and his wellestablished habits of industry and economy, Mr. Mason cannot fail of attaining great wealth long before he is an old man.


James R. Hunt was born three miles from the town of Richmond, Ray county, Missouri, on the 29th day of June, 1829. Richmond, was at that time, a straggling village. His parents were natives of the state of Kentucky, and came to Ray county among the pioneer settlers. In the acquirement of his education he received the advantages of such schools as were accessible to him at that early day. He has always been a farmer, that being his chosen vocation. He did not engage in the civil war. Spent some time in 1865 on the plains of the great west. He was married on the 6th day of June, 1852, to Miss Anna E. Morris, daughter of Washington Morris, Esq., an old settler and prominent citizen of Ray county. The issue of their union was fourteen children; ten of whom, Sallie, Isabelle, Francis Marion, Edward S., Cordia, George W., Kate, Emma, Ella and Ollie, are now living. Mr. Hunt's mother, who lives with him, though seventy-three years of age, retains a strong active memory and is in excelled health. This estimable old lady remembers vividly many interesting anecdotes and incidents connected with pioneer life in the county. Mr. Hunt owns a valuable farm, well stocked and improved, and is in a highly prosperous condition. He is quite extensively engaged in breeding and handling fine sheep. He is a practical, successful farmer, an obliging neighbor, and a highly respected citizen in his community.


A native of Howard county, Missouri, and was born January 19, 1832. His parents removed to Ray county when he was very young, and here, together with some schooling in Kentucky, he received his education. He was occupied with farming until the beginning of the great civil war, when he espoused the cause of the south and enlisted for the war under General Sterling Price. He was engaged at the battles of Corinth, Springfield, Iuka, Franklin, New Hope Church, and other lesser engagements. Was discharged at Jackson, Mississippi, in the spring of 1865, and returning to Ray county, Missouri, resumed his farming. Mr. Ewing was married in the month of June, 1852, to Miss Lydia A. Tisdale, of Ray county. They became the parents of five children, living: William W., Robert S., Joseph, Jackson and Thomas. In religion, Mr. Ewing is a Baptist, a consistent and devoted Christian and a good man.


This gentleman, whose life's history we now have the pleasure of presenting to his many friends and admirers, was born in Howard county, Missouri, on the 21st of April, A. D. 1832. He was educated at Bethany College, West Virginia, graduating in 1858. He was fortunate in receiving instructions, counsel and admonition from that distinguished divine, Alexander Campbell, the founder of the Christian Church. In 1859, he went to Kentucky and spent eight years there, preaching and teaching school in the counties of Woodford, Fayette and Henry. Returning again to Howard county, Missouri, he continued the work of a minister and teacher for four years. He moved to Richmond, Ray county, in 1871, and organized and taught the public school in that place for one year. From August, 1872, to December, 1873, he was pastor of the Christian Church at Carrollton, Missouri; from that time until 1875 of the church at Richmond, Missouri; preaching, also, at different points in the county. Subsequently he removed to the farm upon which he now lives, and which he conducts in connection with his teaching and ministerial labors. Mr. Peeler was married on the 10th day of November, 1865, to Miss Mary A. Redd, of Fayette county, Kentucky. From this union seven children have been born to them: Julian, Alfred R., Paul and Spence, twins, David H., Archibald O. and Annie. The Rev. Mr. Peeler's father was born in North Carolina, in 1794; immigrated to Howard county, Missouri, in 1818, and has lived there ever since, and although he has reached the ripe age of eighty-six years, he is remarkably strong and healthy. Mr. Peeler, senior, has been judge of the county court and was at one time a member of the general assembly of the state of Missouri. His occupation is farming. He is a descendant of the Germans who settled in Pennsylvania at an early day, and has always enjoyed the respect and esteem of his fellow men. Rev. Peeler is now pastor of the Hickory Grove Christian Church and also of the congregation at Russellville. He is a popular and successful minister, a good teacher, a prominent citizen, and is greatly beloved by his people. He has done a good work for the denomination he represents in Ray county.


Wm. R. Ballinger is a Kentuckian. He was born in Garrard county, Kentucky, in the year 1816. He obtained his education in the common schools. He was early inspired with a liking for the life of a farmer, and has always pursued that calling. In 1836 he went to Illinois, and for a length of time followed farming and stock-raising in that state. He would, perhaps, still be living there, were it not for the failure of his health. He came to Ray county, Missouri, in the fall of 1871, and lived for three years on a farm, near Richmond. He afterward removed to the place, where he now resides. Mr. Ballinger's parents were Virginians, who removed to Kentucky with the tide of early immigration to that state. Wm. R. Ballinger was married in the spring of 1853, to Miss A. E. Bibb, of Illinois. The issue of this marriage is eight children: Mary L., Paulina, Mattie, Jennie, Henry, Benjamin, Allen, and William. He owns a fine farm of 360 acres, nearly all of which is under cultivation; has a good, substantial dwelling, and other improvements usually found on a well-kept farm. He is extensively engaged in raising fine stock. Mr. Ballinger is a prominent citizen, and universally respected, and held in high regard as a man by his neighbors.


Was born in Ray county, Missouri, November 26, 1836. His parents were from the state of Tennessee, and came here with the first settlers of Ray county. They had three sons, two of whom were killed during the civil war. Mr. Davis was educated in the schools of his native county, and after leaving school engaged in the avocation of farming. He was married in the month of February, 1856, to Miss Sophronia A. Schooler, of Ray county. Six children have been born to them, whose names follow: Isabella A., Edward R., Martha A., Benora F., Maggie A., and James F. Mr. Davis has traveled considerably through the great west. Spent some time at the Mormon city of Salt Lake, Utah. He owns a farm of one hundred acres of good, rich land, a comfortable residence, and necessary out buildings for the shelter of stock and grain. He engages largely in the cattle trade, and fattens cattle for market upon his farm. He is a practical business man and highly prosperous. He is a worthy member of the order of Patrons of Husbandry, Crooked River Grange, number 1,005, and a good, substantial citizen of Richmond township.


The subject of this sketch is a native of Germany, having been born in Bavaria, one of the German states, in the month of October, 1836. He received his education in the justly celebrated schools of his native land. He was trained to the calling of a furrier and previous to his departure from Europe, was engaged in dressing furs and in other departments of the business. Left Germany in 1853, for America, and landed at New York, remaining there for about four years, working at carpentering. He left New York about the year 1858, and travelled through all the northern, most of the western and southern states, finally settling in Missouri, near the town of Springfield, in Greene county. Here he lived and worked at carpentering, in its different branches, until 1861, when he enlisted in the home guards, under Colonel Phelps. Afterwards, his time having expired in the home guard service, he enlisted in the fourteenth regiment of state militia, commanded by Colonel Richardson. He was at the battle of Springfield, Missouri, and in several other skirmishes. Receiving his discharge at Warrensburg, in the spring of 1865, he came to Lexington, Missouri, and resumed work at his trade, carpentering and millwrighting. He removed to Ray county in 1869, and has since lived here. t Mr. Remelins was married in the year 1858, to Miss Augusta Bube, also a native of Germany. They became the parents of five children: Louis, Ike Eugene, Frank, Emma and Paulina. He owns five hundred and twenty acres of Ray county's best land, well improved and stocked with the best varieties of domestic animals, a handsome, comfortable residence, a good barn and other out buildings, and is a successful, wealthy farmer and a substantial citizen of his adopted county.


This gentleman is a native of Kentucky, born in Hart county, December 12, 1845. His parents moved to Grayson county, Kentucky, when he was but three years of age, and there he received his education, and

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