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THE

A MERICAN
ELOCUTIONIST;

COMPRISING

• LESSONS IN ENUNCIATION', ` EXERCISES IN ELO-

CUTION', AND · RUDIMENTS OF GESTURE';

WITH A SELECTION OF NEW

PIECES FOR PRACTICE IN READING

AND DECLAMATION;

AND

ENGRAVED ILLUSTRATIONS IN ATTITUDE AND ACTION.

DESIGNED FOR COLLEGES, PROFESSIONAL INSTITUTIONS, ACADEMIES,

AND COMMON SCHOOLS.

BY WILLIAM RUSSELL,

ED. 'AMERICAN JOURNAL OF EDUCATION,' (FINST SERIES,) INSTRUCTOR IN ELOCUTION
AT ABBOT FEMALE ACADEMY, PHILLIPS ACADEMY, AND THE THEOLOGICAL
SEMINARY, ANDOVER, MASS.; AND AT THE THEOL. INSTITUTE,

E. WINDSOR, CONN.

BOSTON:
JE NKS AND PALMER.

1844.

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9280.830.80 GIFT OF

GEORGE ARTHUR PLIMPTON
Entered according to ALPHA ndes,' the year 1844,

BY WILLIAM RUSSELL,

In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of Massachusetts.

ADVERTISEMENT.

The book now offered, under the title of The American Elocutionist, comprises the author's course of instruction, formerly presented in the three distinct works mentioned in the title-page of this.

The change thus made in the form of publication, enables the publishers to afford the whole matter of the original series, at a price very much reduced, with a large addition of pieces for practice, in reading and declamation.

ANDOVER, Mass., Feb., 1844.

*** Arrangements are made, still to issue the Lessons in Enunciation, in a separate form, for the convenience of schools for the younger class of learners.

· NOTICES OF THE SEVERAL WORKS COMPRISED IN THE

PRESENT VOLUME.

From the Phil. U. S. Gazette.--"Those who take an interest in the important part of Elocution to which this book, (Lessons in Enunciation,) refers, will find in its pages much to elucidate the subject, and insure to the scholar valuable attainments. The book should find its way into all our schools."

From the Boston Courier.-" This little book, (Lessons in Enunciation) is one of great value. No schoolmaster, no man who ever ventures to read or speak in public, no professor, no student in any college, should be without it."

"We recommend Mr. Russell's 'Elocution' to the favour of instructors, parents, and pupils. Let those who would read easily and agreeably to themselves, and for the gratification and improvement of others, study it well and faithfully."

From the Massachusetts Common School Journal, Dec. 15th, 1843.-“We have used Mr. Russell's Lessons in Enunciation, ever since their first appearance, and never have seen any thing better adapted to their purpose.

ED. P. T." From the same.--" Lessons in Enunciation, a little work which ought to be in the hands of every teacher in the United States; as being the best book, for its purposes, that can be found in the language.”

Mr. George B. Emerson, of Boston, speaking of the author's Exercises in Elocution, says, "I doubt not,-- from the great excellence of your Lessons in Enunciation, which I have used constantly, with all my classes, ever since I first saw the book, that it must be a valuable addition to our means of instruction."

From the Boston Christian Register.-" The number is not small, we trust, of those who have studied with profit the excellent books entitled Lessons in Enunciation, and Rudiments of Gesture. The volume before us, (referring to the Exercises in Elocution,) we have read with great satisfaction; and we strongly recommend it to all who are in search of the best helps in the art of reading and speaking."

From Mr. J. E. Murdoch, Elocutionist, Boston.--"I have used Mr. Russell's Lessons in Enunciation, Exercises in Elocution, and Rudiments of Gesture, with my classes, and consider them the best books of any that I have found, in their respective departments, especially as regards systematic instruction in the theory of the art, and the practical application of the principles of the science which are exhibited in Dr. Rush's Philosophy of the Voice."-Boston, April 22d, 1844.

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CONTENTS.

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PAGE

PAGR

Advertisement. · · · · 3

Definition.

. 127

Preface. , .

Rules..

. 130

Enunciation. .

Errors. : :

. 133

Introductory Observations. : 9 Suggestions for Practice. . 134

Elementary Exercises.. : 10 Tones and Modulation. . 135

Table of the Elementary Sounds Definition. . . . .

. 136

of the English Language. . 10 Single Tones. . . . . 137

Exercises embracing the Ele-

Examples. . . . 138

ments of Articulation, and the Successive Tones. . . 139

Rules of Pronunciation. . 13 Examples. . .

. 141

Errors in Articulation. .

Errors. .

. 148

Common Errors exemplified in

. 149

Phrases. : :

. 150

:

Suggestions for Practice.

:

.

Pronunciation. . .

:

. 43

Exercises. .

. 153

Words in which the current

Successive Tones.:

. 160

pronunciation of the United Cadence.

. 166

Stales deviates from that Definition. . . . .

. 167

of England.

.52 Rules..

. 168

Mode of Enunciation required for

Errors.. :

. 169

Public Reading and Speak- / Suggestions for Practice. 175

* 55 Reading of Poetry.

ing. . . .

..

. 176

Force. . .

Definition. . . . .

. 177

Pitch. .

64 Prosodial Pauses. . . . 180

Time. .

66 Metre.

.183

Exercises on Force of Utterance. 67 Errors..

. 188

Exercises on Pitch. . . . 70 Rule.

. 193

Exercises on Time.

Suggestions for Practice.

Inflection. .

Rudiments of Gesture.. . 199

Simple Rising and Falling In Introductory Observations. . 199

flections. .

. 74 Attitude.

.

.

. 202

.

Circumflex..

. 76 Preparatory Movements.

. 202

Monotone. .

. 76 Position of the Feet. . . 203

Rules on the Falling Inflection. 77 Errors. • • • •

. 204


Rules on the Rising Inflection. 84

Rule. Si

. 205

General Rule on Parenthesis. : 90 | | Movement of the Feet. . . . 206

Rule on the Circumflex. . . 91

Errors..

Rule on the Monotone. . . 92 Rule. .

208

Errors in Inflection. . . . 93 Position and Movement of the

Suggestions for Practice. . . 95 Limbs. . . . . . 210

Concluding Remarks on the

Errors..

Theory of Inflection. . . 98

Rule. .

Exercises on Inflection. . . 100 Position and Movement of the

Exercises on the Falling Inflec-

Trunk. . . . .

.212

tion. .

. 102

Errors.

. 213

Exercises on the Rising Inflec-

Rule.

. 215

tion. . . . . . . 113 ) Position and Movement of the

Emphasis. . . . . 118 Head and Countenance. . 215

Definition..

Errors. .

. 216

Rule. . .

. 120

Rule.

. 216

Errors. :

. 121 Gesture...

217

Suggestions for Practice.. : 122 Position and Movement of the

Exercises.

Hand.

217

·

Pauses. . . . . . . 126

Errors.

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