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. .1111

and 88 New York State Reporter.
Page

Page Siegel-Cooper Co., Standard Fashion Co. v. Stewart v. Ferguson (Sup.). .

615 (Sup.) . 1116 Stewart, Davy v. (Sup.).

774 Silver v. Western Assur. Co. of Toronto, Stewart, Naab v. (Sup.)..

.1110 Canada (Sup.) 27 Stillwell, Frothingham v. (Sup.).

758 Simmons v. Wilde (Sup.).

.1039 Stinerville & B. Stone Co. v. White (City Simons v. Martin & Gibson Mfg. Co. (City Ct. N. Y.)..

577 Ct. N. Y.). 560 Stoddard, Ingal v. (Sup.)..

813 Simpson, In re (Sup.). .1115 Stokes v. Stokes (Sup.).

319 Simpson, De Klyn v. (Sup.). 345 Stone v. Westcott (Sup.)..

625 Simpson, Newman v. (Sup.).

.1040 Stone. Standard Underground Cable Co. v. Sinnott v. First Nat. Bank of Hempstead (Sup.)

383 (Sup.)

417 Stow v. Common Council of City of KingsSire, National Wall-Paper Co. v. (Sup.). .. .1110 ton (Sup.)

.1044 Sirrett, In re (Sup.).. 666 Stroup v. Stroup (Sup.).

..1116 Siselman v. Cohen (Sup.). 991 Struller, Joseph v. (Sup.).

162 Skaneateles Waterworks Co. v. Village of Stumpf, Shanks v., two cases (Sup.). 1115 Skaneateles (Sup.) .1115 Sturm, Schneps v. (Sup.).

140 Smith v. Allen (Sup.)..

...1116 Suburban Home Co., Meyer V. (City Ct. Smith v. Ferguson (Sur.). .1116 N. Y.)

568 Smith v. Foster (Sur.).. . .1116 Sullivan v. Dunham (Sup.).

9962 Smith v. Secor (Sup.).

..1116 Sullivan v. Spring Garden Ins. Co. (Sup.).. 629 Smith v. Smith (Sup.). . 1116 Sullivan, People v. (Sup.).

538 Smith v. Tenth & Twenty-Third St. Ferry Sun Printing & Publishing Ass'n, Galligan Co. (Sup.) .1116 v. (Sup.)

471 Smith, Lemon v. (Sup.).

.1105 Supreme Lodge Knights of Honor, Davis v. Smith, Palmatier v. (Sup.).

(Sup.)

1023 Smith, People v. (Sup.). .1111 Swan v. Keough (Sup.).

474 Smith, Robinson v. (Sup.). .1114 Sweeny v. Kear (Sup.).

.1116 Smith, Shearer v. (Sup.).

. 1115 Swift v. McNamara (City Ct. N. Y.). 569 Smyth v. Parfitt (Sup.).

.1116 Syracuse Rapid Transit Co. v. Syracuse & Snyder v. Mack (Sup.). 534 Suburban R. Co. (Sup.).

.1116 Sokol y. Cohen (Sup.).

...1116 Syracuse Rapid Transit Co., Commercial Solomon, Pastor v. (City Ct. N. Y.). 575 Nat. Bank of Cleveland v. (Sup.).

429 Solomons v. Ruppert (Sup.)..

729 Syracuse & Suburban R. Co., Syracuse Sommer v. Conhaim (Sup.) 140 Rapid Transit Co. v. (Sup.)..

1116 Sonneberg v. Sonneberg (Sup.).

.1116 Speer, In re (Sup.)... .1116 Tarbell v. Finnigan (Sup.)......

.1117 Spies v. Munroe (Sup.). 916 Tate y. Abbott (Sup.)...

.1117 Spring Garden Ins. Co., Sullivan v. (Sup.). . 629 Taylor, Froment v. (City Ct. N. Y.)... . 1099 Stackfleth v. Demuth Glass Mfg. Co. (Sup.) 989 Taylor, Katte v., two cases (Sup.). ..1105 Stafford v. Carragan_ (Sup.).

432 Tenth & Twenty-Third St. Ferry Co., Smith Standard American Pub. Co. v. Methodist v. (Sup.)

.1116 Book Concern in City of New York (Sup.) 55 Thalman, Millie Iron-Min. Co. y. (Sup.).. 276 Standard Fashion Co. v. Siegel-Cooper Co. Thayer, v. Mitchell (Sup.).

.. 1117 (Sup.) .1116 Thedford v. Reade (Sup.).

..1007 Standard Oil Co. of New York, Klenke Third Ave. R. Co., Bendit v. (City Ct. N. V. (Sup.) 124 Y.)

1095 Standard Sewing-Mach. Co. v. Heyman Third Ave. R. Co., Dean v. (Sup.).

49 (City Ct. N. Y.)

936 | Third Ave. R. Co., Falke v. (Sup.). .1099 Standard Underground Cable Co. v. Stone Third Ave. R. Co., Keegan v. (Sup.). 391 (Sup.)

383 | Third Ave R. Co., Lieberman v. (City Ct. Stanion, Levy v. (Sup.).

1106
N. Y.)

574 Starbuck v. Phenix Ins. Co. of Brooklyn Third Ave. R. Co., O'Keefe v. (City Ct. (Sup.) 293 N. Y.)

1088 State v. Schnacky (Sup.).

.1116 Third Ave. R. Co., Savage v. (City Ct. N. Staten Island Electric Ř. Co., Staten Island

Y.).

932 Midland R. Co. v. (Sup.)..

598 Third Ave. R. Co., Walsh v. (Sup.). .1118 Staten Island Midland R. Co. v. Staten Third Ave. R. Co., Williams y. (Sup.). .1119 Island Electric R. Co. (Sup.). 598 Thompson v. Child (Sup.).

..1117 Steamship Richmond Hill Co. v. Seager Thompson, De Camp v. (Sup.).

1098 (Sup.) .1116 Thorley, Emmerich v. (Sup.).

791 Stein, Lassere v. (City Ct. N. Y.). 939 Thrall, Ludeke v. (Sup.)...

121 Stemmler v. City of New York (Sup.). 288 Throckmorton v. Evening Post Pub. Co. Stengle v. Gebhardt (City Ct. N. Y.)...... 580 (Sup.)

887 Stern v. City of New York (Sup.). ..1116 Thum v. Iserman (City Ct. N. Y.).

559 Sternbach v. Friedman (Sup.)... 608 Tietig, Colwell v. (Sup.).

.1097 Stevens v. Central Nat. Bank of Boston Timpson v. New York, L. E. & W. R. Co., (Sup.) 673 two cases (Sup.)....

1117 Stevens, Allen v. (Sup.).

8 Tioga County Patrons' Fire-Relief Ass'n, Stevens, Hinckel v. (Sup.). 457 King v. (Sup.).

.1057 Stevenson v. Second Ave. R. Co. (Sup.).. 815 | Titus v. Town of New Scotland (Sup.). ...1117

Weld v.

545

Page

Page Tobias v. Perry (Co. Ct.)....

716 W. A. Gaines & Co. v. Leslie (Sup.)...... 421 Tobler, Rosenbaum v. (Sup.). . 1114 | Wagstaff v. Marcy (Sup.). ...

1021 Tompkins, Wilson v. (Sup.).

6 Waite v. Trustees, etc., of the Diocesan Tongue, Langbein v. (Sup.).. 145 Convention of New York (Sup.)

511 Town of New Scotland, Titus v. (Sup.). .1117 Walker Co., C. & C. Electric Co. v. (Sup.).. 810 Town of Otrelic, Corwin v. (Sup.). .....1098 Wallach v. Kalccheim (Sup.).

148 Townshend v. Keenan, six cases (Sup.)... 287 Wallowitz, Greve v. (Sup.).

175 Tracey v. Lynch (Sup.)..

.1117 Walsh v. Third Ave. R. Co. (Sup.). .1118 Tracy, People v. (Sup.). .1070 Walsh, Keep v. (Sup.).

.1105 Trapnell, In re (Sup.).

.1117 Wandell v. Romeyn, two cases (Sup.)....1065 Travelers' Ins. Co. of Hartford, Van Bok- Ward v. American Surety Co. of New York kelen v. (Sup.). 307 (Sup.)

177 Traris, Wood r. (Sup.).. 60 | Washbon, Wheeler v. (Sup.).

.1118 Trenchard v. Wiley Sup.).

.1117 Waterloo Organ Co., Peasé Piano Co. v. Treror. Alling v. (Sup.).. 772 (Sup.)

838 Trowbridge v. Gans (Sup.). .1117 Waters, Moody v. (Sup.).

..1109 Trowbridge, Henriques v. (Sup.).

1104 Watertown Electric Light Co., Appeal of Truesdale v. Marchner (Sup.). .1117 (Sup.)

.1097 Trustees of Congregation Adas Yeshurum,

Watson v. New York, O. & W. R. Co., In re (Sup.) .1117 three cases (Sup.).

201 Trustees of Exempt Firemen's Benevolent Waverly & S. L. R. Co., Village of WaverFund of Long Island City, Exempt Fire- ly v. (Sup.).

368 men's Ass'n of Long Island City v. (Sup.) 621 Weehawken Wharf Co. v. Knickerbocker Trustees, etc., of the Diocesan Convention Coal Co. (City Ct. N. Y.).

566 of New York, Waite v. (Sup.).

511 | Weehawken Wharf Co. v. Knickerbocker Tucker v. City of Utica (Sup.).. 855 Coal Co. (City Ct. N. Y.)..

.1118 Turtle v. Turtle, two cases (Sup.). . .1117 Weinberg, Sainberg v. (City Ct. N. Y.). 559 Twelfth Ward Park, In re (Sup.). ..1109 Weiss v. Metropolitan St. R. Co. (Sup.)...1118 Twelfth Ward Park, In re, three cases

Sage (Sup.)...

25:3 (Sup.) 1117 Werner, Rappaport v. (Sup.).

481 Twelfth Ward Park. In re (Sup.). .1118 Wescott, In re (Sup.). Tyrrell v. City of New York (Šup.). 372 West, In re (Sup.).

.1118

Westchester Trust Co., In re, two cases Clster & D. R. Co., Best v. (Sup.). 300 (Sup.)

..1118 Underhill, In re (Sup.).. 967 Westcott, Stone v. (Sup.).

625 Underbill, Balz v. (Sup.).

•1095 Western Assur. Co., Carey Mfg. Co. v. Upion Associated Press v. Press Pub. Co. (Sup.)

398 (Sup.)

183 Western Assur. Co. of Toronto, Canada, Union Bank of Rochester v. Benedict (Sup.) 721 Silver v. (Sup.).

27 United Press v. New York Press Co. (Sup.) 807 Western Nat. Bank of New York v. Faber

(Sup.)

.1118 Vail, Gould v. (Sup.)... .1102 Wheeler, In re (Sup.).,

. 1118 Van Bokkelen v. Travelers' Ins. Co. of Wheeler v. Washbon (Sup.).

.1118 Hartford (Sup.) 307 Wheelock v. Chapman (Sup.).

327 Vanderbeek v. Hemmel (City Ct. N. Y.). 562 Whitaker, Kane v. (Sup.)...

85 Vanderpool, People v. (Sup.).. 436 White v. Albany Ry. (Sup.)..

415 Vanderpool, People v. (Sup.). .1113 White v. Freytag (City Ct. N. Y.).

.1118 Vandewater, Dugro v. (Sup.) 777 White v. Rhein (City Ct. N. Y.).

.1118 Van Vostrand v. Hubbard (Sup.). 739 White, Cook v. (Sup.).

.1097 Van Wyck, People v. (Sup.). 675 White, Cook v. (Sup.).

.1098 Van Wyck, People v. (Sup.).

1112 White, Stinerville & B. Stone Co. v. (City Van Wyck, People v. (Sup.). .1113 Ct. N. Y.).

577 Vera, Kessler v. (Sup.)...

142 Whyte v. Builders' League of New York Victor v. Lewis, two cases (Sup.). . 1118 (Sup.)

822 Village of Champlain v. McCrea, two cases Wilcock v. Heermance (Sup.).

1119 (Sup.) .1118 Wilde, Simmons v. (Sup.).

.1039 Village of Charlotte. Aslen y. (Sup.). 754 Wiley, Trenchard v. (Sup.).

.1117 Village of Ellicottville, Eddy v. (Sup.). 800 | Wilkins Place, In re (Sup.).

63 Village of Macedon, Hurlburt v. (Sup.). . . 1104 Will. Zerega v. (Sup.)....

361 Village of Owego, Howe v. (Sup.). ...1104 Williams v. Metropolitan Life Ins. Co. Village of Port Jervis, Murray v. (Sup.)...1110 (Sup.)

595 Village of Skaneateles, Skaneateles Water- Williams v. Third Ave. R. Co. (Sup.). .1119 works Co. v. (Sup.). .1115 Willis v. McKinnon (Sup.).

1079 Village of Waverly v. Waverly & S. L. R. Willis, People v. (Sup.).

52 Co. (Sup.) 368 Willis, People v. (Sup.).

129 Virolet, Bates v. (Sup.). 475 | Willis, People v. (Sup.).

642 Vogel, Schulz v. (Sup.). 125 Willson v. Eveline (Sup.).

514 Vorston, Barrie v. (Sup.).

841 Wilmerding v. Don (Sup.). Vrooman v. Pickering (Sup.). 389 Wilson v. Cross (Sup.).

.1119 Wilson v. Tompkins (Sup.)

6 Wadsworth, Brown v. (Sup.). ... .....1096

54 N.Y.8.-b

..1119

and 88 New York State Reporter.
Page

Pago Wilson Bros. Wooden Ware & Toy Co., Ir- Wooley v. Puels (Sup.).

1119 ving Nat. Bank V., two cases (Sup.). 313 Woolsey v. Lasher (Sup.).

137 Wine, Hill v. (Sup.). 892 Worden v. Oneida County (Sup.).

952 Winston v. Winston (Sup.). 298 Worth v. City of Brooklyn (Sup.).

481 Winston, Crawford v. (Sup.) 246 Wright, Hoag v. (Sup.)....

0.58 Wire, Kentona Land Co. v. (Sup.). 751 Wurster, Feeley v. (Sup.)...

1060 Wisner v. Schopp (Sup.).

543 Wissel v. Ott (Sup.). 605 Yardum v. Wolf (Sup.)..

192 Wolf, Yardum v. (Sup.).

192 Yates County Nat. Bank, Mutual Life Ins. Wolfskehl, Barkley v. (City Ct. N. Y.) 934 Co. of New York v. (Sup.).

743 Wollowitz, Ryan v. (Sup.). 988 Yetter, Dietz v. (Sup.).

258 Wood, In re (Sup.).. 30 York, In re (Sup.)...

1119 Wood, In re (Sup.). 978 | York, People v. (Sup.).

835 Wood v. City of Elmira (Sup.). ..1119 York, People v. (Sup.).

SSS Wood v. Knight (Sup.).

466 Young v. Nassau Electric R. Co. (Sup.)... 600 Wood v. New York Cent. & H, R. R. Co. Young v. Shulenberg (Sup.)..

419 (Sup.)

1119 Wood v. Travis (Sup.).... 60 Zeitlin v. Arkaway (Sup.).

139 Woodburn v. Hyatt (Sup.). . 597 Zeller's Estate, In re (Sur.)

926 Woodcock v. Adler Veneer Seat Co. (Sup.). 1119 Zerega v. Wilí (Sup.).

361 Woodhaven Junction Land Co., Riverside Zimmer v. Chew (Sup.).

685 Bank v. (Sup.).

266 Zundel, People v., four cases (Sup.). 11 12 Woods v. Buffalo R. Co. (Sup.).

735

See End of Index for Tables of New York Supplement Cases i.. Other Reports.

THE

New York Supplement

VOLUME 54,

AND

New York State Reporter,

VOLUME 88.

(31 App. Div. 45.)

DYKMAN V. KEENEY et al. (Supreme Court, Appellate Division, Second Department. November 3, 1898.) 1. BANKS AND BANKING-EXTENDING DiscounTS AND OVERDRAFTS-EVIDENCE

-SUBMISSION TO JURY.

Laws 1892, c. 689, $ 26, requires that all debts owing a bank which had remained overdue a year without prosecution or payment of interest shall be computed as losses. A bank, being creditor of a depositor for overdrafts. took his notes for the principal and interest, and marked the overdraft “Paid," and before a year marked two of the notes "Paid," and charged the amount to the depositor's account as an overdraft. That overdraft was marked "Paid," and taken up by new notes. There were other transmutations of the form of such indebtedness, but no money was ever paid on the principal or interest. Held sufficient to require a submission to the jury whether such transactions were merely the taking up of defaulted notes, in evasion of the statutes, or were loans in

the regular course of business. 2. SAME-CUSTOMS OF OTHER BANKS-ADMISSIBILITY.

On an issue whether purported loans in extending a depositor's paper and taking up its overdrafts were loans in the regular course of business and in good faith, evidence of the custom of extending discounts in other banks is inadmissible.

Appeal from trial term, Kings county.

Action by William N. Dykman, as receiver, against Seth L. Keeney and others. From a judgment for defendants, dismissing the complaint, plaintiff appeals. Reversed.

Argued before GOODRICH, P. J., and CULLEN, BARTLETT, HATCH, and WOODWARD, JJ.

James C. Bergen, for appellant.
Alfred E. Mudge and Henry M. Dater, for respondents.

54 N.Y.S.-1

and 88 New York State Reporter. CULLEN, J. This action is brought by the receiver of the Commercial Bank to recover from the defendants, who were formerly directors of the bank, the amount of a dividend declared by them in December, 1892, on the ground that at the time the bank had no surplus profits. A similar action has already been twice before this division of the court. Dykman v. Keeney, 10 App. Div. 610, 42 N. Y. Supp. 488; Id., 16 App. Div. 131, 45 N. Y. Supp. 137. On the first appeal a judgment rendered in favor of the plaintiff was reversed, and on the second appeal a judgment for the defendants, entered on a verdict by direction of the court, was affirmed. The opinions rendered by the court on these appeals discussed fully the general principles pertaining to the maintenance of the action and the liability of the defendants as directors, and also the basis or metliod of the computation by which the financial condition of the bank should be determined. It is therefore necessary for us to consider on this appeal only the question presented by the additional evidence adduced on the trial of the present action as to the character of certain securities held by the bank at the time of the dividend.

As to the financial status of the bank, it is sufficient to say that on the face of the books there was an apparent surplus, which the plaintiff sought to convert into a deficiency by showing that various items were improperly credited as assets. It was proved that these notes or securities, while, by their terms, they were not in default with interest unpaid for over a year, were renewals of previous obligations, the original loans having been made in some cases as far back as six years prior to the time of the dividend; and that during such time neither interest nor principal had been paid, except so far as the interest was included in the amount of the renewal notes, or in separate obligations. One class of notes had been renewed in this manner from 6 to 23 times. Among the assets of the bank were four notes of the St. Kivin Mining Company, aggregating $93,181.92. The following is their history: On October 1, 1889, the mining company, a depositor with the bank, had overdrawn its account to the extent of nearly $90,000. Interest was computed on this sum, and four notes were taken for the principal and the interest of the overdraft, and the overdraft marked “Paid.” On March 12, 1890, two of these notes were marked “Paid,” but no money was received by the bank. The account was adjusted by charging the amounts of the notes to the de. posit account of the mining company as an overdraft. The overdraft was subsequently marked “Paid,” but in fact was paid only by giving new notes. There were other transmutations in the form of this indebtedness prior to the declaration of the dividend, but nothing was paid on the debt, principal or interest, from its original inception. The history of the other securities was of a similar character, payments being made thereon only by bookkeeping entries, or by giving new obligations. Under the statute (section 26, c. 689, Laws 1892), all debts owing the bank which had remained due without prosecution, and upon which no interest had been paid for more than a year, or on which judgment had been recovered, and remained for more than two years unsatisfied, were to be computed as losses. In

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