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It is evident from our records, that in the reign of King Henry III. EDWARD MAINARD sold lands in Milsted, in Kent, to the monastery of Shepey.
And that John MAINARD, of Axminster, in Devonshire, who served under Edward Prince of Wales (commonly called the Black Prince) in his victorious expeditions in France, was on July 28th, 1352, a constituted governor of Brest castle in Brittany. After him, in 2 Rich. II. was William Maynard,
one of the witnesses to that grant of William Eggecomb (Lord Edgecumbe's ancestor) of Cothele, in Devonshire, of lands of Midelton, in the said county, to the convent of Tavistock.
But John Mainard is said to be the son and heir of the beforementioned John, and that he died in 1401, leaving by his wife, daughter of ...... Winston, a son,
NICHOLAS Mainard, Esq. who left this world in 8 Henry V. and by ......, his wife, daughter and coheir of ..... Hilliard, was father of
John Mainard, Esq. who departed this life in 1460, and by Joan, bis wife, daughter of John Alexander, had
Nicholas, his son and heir, who died in 14 Henry VII. and left issue another Nicholas Mainard, Esq. his heir.
. Rymer, tom. v. P 741. 6 Ex Collect. Gul. Poole, Bar.
c Segar's Baronag. Genealog. MS. d Sir John Maynard, the famous serjeant at law, who died 1690, aged ninety, was son of Alexander Maynard, of Tavistock, in Devonshire, Esq. He was probably of this family,
The last-mentioned Nicholas MAINARD, Esq. had two wives; first, Margaret, daughter of John Ellys, of Ellys, in Devonshire, Esq.; and, second, Dorothy, daughter to Edward Mundy, of the county of Derby.
By the first e he had a son, John.
And, by his second, a son, also named John, who, by his will, dated December 4th, 1546, orders his body to be buried in the chapel of the Holy Trinity, within the church of St. Mary Arches, in the city of Exeter; and gave lands for a yearly obit to be kept in the said church, on the third of November, (if not on a Sunday) to pray for the souls of John Bradmore, his father-in-law, his father's and mother's souls, and all the souls he is bound to pray for. He leaves a legacy to his brother John Maynard; and wills, that all his evidences, concerning his lands, be by his overseers sorted, and put in boxes, and then put into a coffer, with three locks and three several keys belonging to each of them; one to remain with the Mayor of Exeter for the time being, another with the overseers of his will, and the third to be kept by the bead warden for the time being of the parish of St. Mary Arches; and the said coffer to remain in the council-chamber, till such, time as his son and heir came to the full age of twenty-eight years. It also appears, by the will, that be held lands in the parishes of Kenne, Rew, Wymple, Morchard-Crucis, Exminster, and other parishes in Devonshire; and that he left by ....., his wife, daughter of William St. Leger, otherwise Snelling, of Chedle-wood, Esq. two sons, John and Richard.
His elder brother, John MAYNARD, Esq. in 7 Edw. VI.' steward of the borough of St. Allan's, com. Hertf. for hfe; in which year it was first incorporated. He died on October 21st, 1556, leaving Ralph, his son and beir, twenty years of age; as is evident from the inquisition after his death, taken at St. Alban's, on January 14th following. He made his will (writing himself John Maynard, of St. Alban's, Esq.S on October 18th, in 3 and 4 Philip and Mary, ordering his body to be buried in the parish church of St. Michael, in St. Alban's; and bequeaths to his son Ralph, ten pounds yearly for his education in the law (but, if he withdraw from that study, the annuity to cease) as also all his
e Lilly's Pedig. of Nob. MS. p. 135.
f Chauncy's Antiq.of Hertfordshire. * Ex Regist. vocat. Wrastley, qu. 3, in Cur. Prærog. Cant.
goods in his dwelling house at St. Alban's. He mentions his son's wife, the daughter of John Bridge; Anne Bridge, his wife's daughter; Henry and Robert Maynard, his sons; and Dorothy, Mary, and Awdry, his daughters; constituting Dorothy his wife executrix, and his brother Thomas Skipwith, overseer.
The said John Maynard, was chosen one of the members for St. Alban's, in the parliament called in the first year of Queen Mary; and was one of those thirty-nine members who are recorded in Lord Chief Justice Coke's Institutes to absent them. selves from the parliament, rather than join in receiving the Pope's authority into this realm ; for which they were indicted in the King's-bench, “ For that they appeared in the parliament, and were there present; yet notwithstanding, lightly esteeming the inhibition of the King and Queen, and having no regard of the commonweal of this realm of England, afterwards, namely, 12 Jan. in 1st and 2d of the King and Queen, and during the parliament, departed without licence, in manifest contempt of the said King and Queen's command and injunction, and to the great detriment of the commonweal-of the kingdom, and to the pernicious example of all others.”
But to this they pleaded, “That the bigh court of parliament subsisted by its own laws and customs, and that the King cannot take notice of any thing said or done in the House of Commons, but by the report of the said House, &c.”
This John Maynard, had to his first", wife Margaret, eldest daughter of Sir Ralph Rowlet, of St. Alban’s, and Sandridge, i in the county of Hertford (and coheir to her brother Sir Ralph Rowlet) by whom he had issue two daughters, Elizabeth, wife of Henry Barnes, of London; and Dorothy, married to Sir Ro. bert Clarke, Knight, Baron of the Exchequer; also a son,
Ralph, who married first Elizabeth, daughter of John Bridges, of London ; secondly, Margaret, daughter of Robert Solery, of St. Alban's, and left a son, Ralph.
The second wife of the said John Maynard, was Dorothy, daughter of Sir Robert Parratt, by Margaret, daughter of .. Ireland, of Hertfordshire, Esq. and by her he had issue Sir Henry Maynard, and other children.
h Visitations of Hertfordshire and Essex. i From the other coheir came the Jenningses, and their heiress the old Duchess of Marlborough. See vol. i. p. 377.
Which Sir Henry was Secretary to the famous William Cecil, Lord Burleigh, Treasurer of England in the reign of Queen Elizabeth; i and served in three several parliaments for the borough of St. Alban's, viz. in the 28: h, 301 h, and 30th years of Queen Elizabeth: also, in the 43d of that reign, was elected one of the Knights for the county of Essex, and was sheriff of the said county in the last year of Queen Elizabeth, who conferred the honour of knighthood on him. This Sir Henry Maynard, k writing himself of Little Estane, in Essex, Knight, makes his will on August 20th, 1609, and bequeaths to the poor of Estane 61. to the poor of Much Estane 51. to the poor of Thaxsted 101. to the poor of Much Dunmow 101. to the poor of Little Canfield 41. to the poor of Broxsted 51. to be distributed by the overseers of each parish, as soon as may be, after his decease. He bequeaths to his daughter, Elizabeth Maynard, 20001. at the age of eighteen years, or on the day of her marriage: to his daughter, Mary Maynard, 2000 1. to be paid as aforesaid: to his son, Charles Maynard, all those bis house and houses situate in London ; and, for default of issue, to descend to Francis Maynard, another son to him the said Sir Henry; to whom he also bequeaths 500l. and his lease of lands in Warwickshire, which he bolds of the King.
He bequeaths to Sir William Maynard, his son and heir, all his furniture, &c. in that part of his mansion-house in which he then dwelt, called Estane Lodge, which lieth from the kitchen toward the east: to his beloved wife, the Lady Susan Maynard, 400 ounces of plate; and the residue of his plate to his son, Sir Wila liam Maynard. He gives and grants to his executors the wardship and custody of Robert Jocelyn, son and heir of Richard Jocelyn, Esq. deceased, and the marriage of the said Robert, and lease of his lands, which he had by grant from the King: which executors were his said loving wife and his son Sir William Maynard; to whom he leaves all the rest of bis money, debts, goods, and chattels, whatsoever. He moreover desires it would please his very honourable good Lord, the Lord Cavendish, to be the overseer of his will; which was proved, and administration granted to his said executors, on May 18th, 1610.
He lies buried at Estains, in Essex, otherwise called Little Easton (a manor be purchased) under a fair tomb of alabaster in the South isle, with the statues, in full proportion, of him and his lady lying thereon at full length, and this inscription :
i Chauncy's Antiq. of Hertfordshire. * Ex Regist. Wingfield, in Cur. Prærog. Cant.
Quis fuerim, qualemque diu me Curia novit,
Plebs, proceres, princeps, partia testis erit :
Saxa pibil tribuunt ambitiosa meæ.
Wheuce, who, and what I was, how held in courts,
Here resteth, in assured hope to rise in Christ, Henry
Maynard, Knight, descended of the ancient family of
The said two daughters were, Elizabeth, wedded to Sir Edward Bainton, of Bromham, in Wiltshire; and Mary, who died unmarried.
Of William, his eldest son, I shall hereafter treat,
John, his second son, was seated at Walthamstow, in Essex, also at Tooting, in Surry. He was made Knight of the Bath at the coronation of King Charles I. and chosen burgess for Lestwithiel, in Cornwall, to the parliament that began at Westmioster, November 30, 1640; wherein expressing a pique to the army, by endeavouring to have them disbanded in 1647, he was impeached of high treason, expelled the House of Commons, and committed prisoner to the Tower of London. He was a zealous covenanter, and a sharp antagonist to the independent faction. He died the 29th of July, 1658, aged sixty-six, and is buried at Tooting, where a monument is erected to his memory. He married Mary, daughter of Sir Thomas Middleton, Knight, Jordmayor of London ; left issue John Maynard, his son and heir, who was created Knight of the Bath, and departing this life the 14th of May, 1664, aged thirty, bad sepulture at Tooting. He had to wife Catharine, sister to James Rushout, created Bart. on June