A second Thomas, who was born on June 29th, 1740, and deceased in the twelfth year of his age ; and,

Third, Henry, the late Earl Fauconberg.

Also four daughters ; Lady Catharine, died, January 12th, 1788, at Brussels, unmarried ; Lady Barbara, married, in April 1752, to the Honourable George Barnwell, Esg. only brother to Henry Benedict, Lord Viscount Kingsland, of Ireland; she was buried in St. Pancras church, Middlesex : Lady Mary, married, at St. George's, Hanover-square, on July 23d, 1776, to Thomas Eyre, of Hassop in Derbyshire, Esq.; and Lady Anne, married on April 20th, 1761, to the Honourable Francis Talbot, Esq. brother to George, fourteenth Earl of Shrewsbury, and died in 1768.

His Lordship died at his seat at Newborough, February 4th, 1774, and was succeeded by his only surviving son,

Henry, SECOND Earl FAUCONBERG, born on April 13tb, 1743. On February 15th, 1777, he was appointed one of the lords of his Majesty's bed-chamber, and, in February 1778, constituted lord lieutenant of the ...... Riding of Yorkshire. His Lordship, May 29th, 1766, was first married to Charlotte, daughter of Sir Matthew Lamb, of Brocket-Hall, com. Hertf. Bart. and sister to the present Lord Melbourne, of the kingdom of Ireland, by whom he had issue four daughters, his coheirs.

First, Lady Charlotte, eldest daughter and coheir, born Jan. 10th, 1767, married Thomas Edward Wynn, Esg. third son of the late colonel Glynn Wynn, brother to the late Lord Newborough ; in consequence of which he has taken the name and arms of Be-lasyse in addition to his own.

Second, Lady Anne, born December 27th, 1768, married, July 19th, 1791, Sir George Wombwell, Bart, and has issue.

Third, Lady Elizabeth, born January 17th, 1770, married, first, April 23d, 1789, Bernard Howard, Esq. presumptive heir to the Duke of Norfolk, from wbom being divorced in 1794, she remarried the present Earl of Lucan, of Ireland.

Fourth, Lady Harriot, born April 21st, 1776.

His Lordsbip having married, secondly, Miss Chesshyre, by whom be had no issue, died of a fit of an apoplexy, March 23d, 1802, when the Earldom became extinct; and the Viscounty descended to the present peer,

ROWLAND, present Viscount FAUCONBERG.

His Lordship's father, Anthony, son of Rowland, (who was brother to Thomas, third Viscount Faucouberg, who died 1718,) died October 9th, 1754, having married Susannah, daughter of John Clarvet, Esq. by Anne Clifford, by whom he had issue,

First, Rowland, the present Viscount.
Second, Raymond, who died in his infancy.
Third, Charles, D. D. of Sorbonne, born May 7th, 1750.

Fourth, Thomas, born September 11th, 1751; married, in 1788, Marie Louise de Maneville, by whom he has five daughters; Mary, Frances, Elizabeth, Anne, and Barbara.

Mary, who died April 1790.
Frances, born in 1753; and,
Barbara, born in 1754, now living and unmarried.

His Lordship was born in February, 1747, but being a Catho-, lic, has not taken bis seat,

Titles. Rowland Belasyse, Viscount Fauconberg, of Henknowle, Baron Fauconberg of Yarum, and Baronet.

Creations. Baronet on June 29, 1611,9 Jac. I.; Baron Fauconberg, of Yarum in com. Ebor. 25 Maii, 1627, 3 Car. I.; Viscount Fauconberg, of Henknowle in com. Ebor. January 31st, 1642, 18 Car. I.

Arms. Quarterly, first and fourth Argent, a Chevron, Gules, between three fleurs-de-lis, Azure ; second and third Argent, a pale ingrailed between two pallets plain, Sable.

Crest. On a wreath, a lion couchant guardant, Azure.

Supporters. On the dexter side, a buck holding in his mouth a branch of oak fructed, all proper : on the sinister, an unicorn, Azure, armed, crested, and unguled, Or.

Chief Seat,




Tais family is paternally descended from the Ports, Lords of Basing, in the county of Southampton, at the time of the Conquest; and by maternal descent derive their surname in lineal succession from a WILLIAM DE ST John, (denominated from the territory of St. John, near Rouen, in the province of Normandy,) who entered England with the Conqueror, whose army he attended as grand master of the artillery, and supervisor of the waggons and carriages : for which reason the horses hemes, (or collar) was borne for his cognizance.

This WILLIAM de St. John, part of whose estate was the manor of Belington, had to wife Oliva, daughter to Ralph de Filgiers, of Normandy, and had by her,

Tyomas De St. John, who held lands in Oxfordshire, 13 Hen. I. and in 1112 gave to the monks of St. Peters, in Gloucester, his lands, called Rugge, lying in Standish, but dying without issue, his brother,

John de St. John, inherited his lands in England, and principally the lordship of Stanton, in Oxfordshire (for distinction from the other towns of the same name, called Stanton St. John). He gave the site of the abbey of Godstow, near Oxford, which was dedicated in December, 1138; at which time he gave to the said abbey one mill, and two houses in Wolvercote : and in d 1140 gave 160 marks of silver for livery of those lands, and was a witnesse to that grant of the church of Coombe, made to the monks of Egnesham, in Oxfordshire, by the Empress Maud. He likewise enfeoffed those monks f with the church of Stanton, and was also witness to another charter of the Empress, confirming the donation of Baldwin, Earl of Devon, to the chapel of St. James, at Exon, an alien priory.

a Ex Stemmate penes præhon. Vicecom. St. John. Mon. Angl. vol. i. p. 118. < Kennet's Parochial Antiq. p. 94

• Rot. Pip. 5 Steph. Oxon.

This John was famous in the reign of King William Rufus, being one of the twelve knights who accompanied Robert Fitz Hamon, Earl of Gloucester, in that warlike expedition, made against the Welsh, and had in reward of his great services and helps in many victories (as other knights which attended bad) the castle of Falmont, Faumont, or Fauman (as variously written), in the county of Glamorgan.

He 8 had issue,
First, Roger de St. John, of whom hereafter; and,

Second, Thomas de St. John, Lord of Stanton St. John, living 13 Hen. II.

Also a daughter, Avoris, who was the second wife of Bernard de St. Walery, lord of the manor of Ambroseden, &c. in Oxfordshire; whose family derived their name from the town and port of St. Walery, or Valery, in France; the port from whence Duke William set sail for his English expedition. This Bernard de St. Walery, having fallen into the King's displeasure, soon made his peace; and it seems a condition of it, that he (with the consent of his wife Avoris) gave to the King his manor of Wulvercote, and his right of advowson and patronage of the nunnery of Godstow; h both of which he had in frank marriage with his wife Avoris, daughter of Johu de St. John.i

Thomas de St. Johni aforesaid, was father of Roger de St. John, who in 22 Hen. II. was k assessed 1331. 6s. 8d. for trespassing in the King's forests in com. Oxon, and being dead in the sixteenth year of King John, Jeffery de Luci' gave 300 marks for the wardship and marriage of his heir, whose name was John; who had issue a son m John, killed in the battle of Evesham, 43 Edw. III. - He was in the holy wars with King Richard I. who, at the siege of Acon, a port in Palestine, thought of this device; he tied a leathern thong or garter round the left leg of a certain number of his knights (one of whom was this John de St. John) that they might be excited to greater courage.° This, some think; the first occasion of the institution of the order of the Garter. P

e. Ex Registro de Egnesham, f. 176.

f Ibid. f. 41, a. & Ex Regist, de Egnesham, f. 41, a. & Rot. Pip. 13 Hen. II. Oxon. h Ex Regist. Godestow MSS. i Kennet's Par. Ant. p. 127. k Rot. Pip. 22 Hen. II. Oxon. 1 Ibid. 10 Joh, Oxon.

m MS. St. George prædict. * See a farther account of this branch in Dugd. Bar, under St. John of Stanton, vol. i. p. 539, and under St. Jobn of Lagebam, vol. ij. p. 9. Dugdale appearing to have inadvertently separated them, though clearly the same line. • Kennet's Parl. Antiq. 147.

Roger De St. John, intermarrying with Cicely, 9 daughter and beir to Robert de Haya, lord of the manor of Halnac, in com. Suss. (given unto him by his kinsman King Henry I.) had by her a daughter, Muriel, and two sons.

First, William de St. John' (mentioned among the barons and knights in the rolls, for payment of scutage for knights fees in the county of Sussex), and,

Second, Robert de St. John, who between them augmented the number of monks at Boxgrave in that county, from three to fifteen, William adding ten, and Robert two; the three being instituted by their maternal ancestor, Robert de Haya, the pious founder of that priory, which he made a cell to Essay in Normandy.

Their sister Muriel had for husband Reginald Aurea valle, or Orvyle, of whom proceeded

Mabil, married unto Adam de Port, a great Baron, having the head of his barony at Basing, in com. Southampton, son of John, son of Henry, son of Hugh de Port, proprietor of fifty-five lordships in the county of Southampton, temp. Will. I. a person of Tery ample revenues, as may be seen under the title of Terra Hu. gonis de Port, in Doomsday-book, some of which (at least two manors, Cerdeford, and Eschetune, in Hampshire) he had from bis ancestors before the entrance of William, the Norman Duke.

Nevertheless, as great as he was, his chief heir-male W14LIAM, the son of ADAM DE Port, by Mabil, assumed the surname of his grandmother by the mother's side, viz. St. John,' writing

mself Willielmus de Sancto Johanne, Filius Heres Adæ de Port.

This WiĻLIAM de St. John is stiled son and heir of Adam de Port, u confirming to the monks of Boxgrave, what Robert de Haya,

P Barnes's Hist. of Edw. III. p. 293. 4 Mon. Angl. vol. i. p. 594. Lib. Rub, Scac. & Cot. Lib. Claudius, c. 2. • Ibid. "Mon. Angl. vol, i, p. 595.

u Ibid. p. 594.

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