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are in no great danger of erring on this fide; but my caution is occasioned by a lady of your acquaintance, married to a very valuable person, whom yet she is so unfortunate as to be always commending for those perfections to which he can least pretend.

I can give you no advice upon the article of expence: only I think you ought to be well informed, how much your husband's revenue amounts to ; and be so good a computer, as to keep within it, in that part of the management which falls to your share ; and not to put yourself in the number of those politick ladies, who think they gain a great point, when they have teased their husbands to buy them a new equipage, a laced head, or a fine petticoat, without once considering what long scores remain unpaid to the butcher.

I desire you will keep this letter in your cabinet, and often examine impartially your whole conduct by it. And so God bless you, and make you a fair example to your sex, and a perpetual comfort to your husband, and your parents. I am, with great truth and affection,

MAD À M,

Your molt faithful friend,

and bumble fervant.

A

215

A PREFACE to the Right Reverend Dr

BURNET Bishop of SARUM's INTRO-
DUCTION to the third volume of the His.
TORY OF THE REFORMATION OF THE
CHURCH OF ENGLAND.

Written in the year 1712.

Spargere voces
In vulgum ambiguas, et quærere conscius arma.

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Mr Morphew,
TOUR care in putting an advertisement in the Exa-
miner, hath been of very great use to me.

I now you my preface to the Bishop of Sarum's introduktion to his third volume; which I desire you to print in such a form as, in the bookseller's phrase, will make a fixpenny-touch ; hoping it will give such a public notice of

my design, that it may come into the hands of those who perhaps look not into the Bishop's introduction *. I desire you will prefix to this a passage out of Virgil, which doth so perfectly agree with my present thoughts of his Lordship, that I cannot express them better, nor more truly than these words do. I am,

SIR,

Your humble servant.

A PREFACE to Bp BURNET'S INTRO

DUCTION.

THIS way of publishing introductions to books that are, God knows when, to come out, is either

wholly

The Bishop's introduction is prefaced with a letter to his bookseller, of which this is a burlesque. Hawkes.

wholly new, or so long unpractised, that my small reading cannot trace it. However, we are to suppose, that a person of his Lordship's great age and experience would hardly act such a piece of fingularity, without some extraordinary motives. I cannot but observe, that his fellow-labourer, the aathor of the paper called The Englishman *, seems, in some of his late performances, to have almost transcribed the notions of the Bishop. These notions I take to have been dictated by the same matters, leaving to each writer that peculiar manner of expressing himself, which the poverty of our language forceth me to call their style. When the Guardian changed his title, and professed to engage in faction, I was sure the word was given ; that grand preparations were making against next sessions ; that all advantages would be taken of the little diffenfions reported to be among those in power ; and that the Guardian would foon be seconded by some other piquerers from the same camp. But I will confess my suspicions did not carry me so far, as to conjecture, that this venerable champion would be in such mighty hafte to come into the field, and serve in the quality of an enfant perdu t, armed on. ly with a pocket-piftol, before his great blunderbuss could be got ready, his old rusty breaft-plate scoured, and his cracked head-piece mended.

I was debating with myself, whether this hint of producing a small pamphlet, to give notice of a large folio, was not borrowed from the ceremonial in Spanish romances, where a dwarf is sent out upon the battlements, to signify to all passengers what a mighty giant there is in the castle ; or whether the Bishop copied this proceeding from the fanfaronnade 1 of Monsieur Bouffeurs, when the Earl of Portland and that General had an interview. Several men were appointed at certain periods to ride in great hafte towards the Englith camp, and cry out, Monjeigneur vient, Monseigneur

vient

Mr Steele. † Enfant perdu, one of the forlorn hope. The forlorn hope is a number of men selected for any desperate enterprise, or appointed for the first onset in a battle. Hawkes.

# Fanfaronnade, vain ostentatjon.

vient t: then small parties advanced with the same speed, and the same cry: and this foppery held for many hours, until the Mareschad himself arrived. So here the Bishop (as we find by his dedication to Mr Churchill the bookseller) hath for a long time fent warning of his arrival by advertisements in gazettes ; and now his introduction advanceth to tell us again, Monseigneur vient. In the mean time we muft gape, and wait, and gaze, the Lord knows how long, and keep our spirits in some reasonable agitation, until his Lordship's real self shall think fit to appear in the habit of a folio.

I have seen the fame fort of management at a puppitshow. Some puppits of little or no consequence appeared several times at the window, to allure the boys and the rabble: the trumpeter founded often, and the doorkeeper cried an hundred times, until he was hoarse, that they were just going to begin ; yet after all we were forced sometimes to wait an hour before Punch himself in person made his entry.

But why this ceremony among old acquaintance ? The world and he have long known one another. Let him appoint his hour, and make his visit, without troubling us all day with a fuccession of messages from his lackeys and pages.

With submission, these little arts of getting off an edition, do ill become any author above the size of Marten the surgeon. My Lord tells us, that “many thou“ sands of the two former parts of his history are in the

kingdom ;” and now he perpetually advertiseth in the Gazette, that he intends to publish the third. This is exactly in the method and style of Marten: “ The “ seventh edition (many thoufands of the former editi“ ons having been sold off in a small time) of Mr “ Marten's book concerning secret diseases,” &c,

Doth his Lordship intend to publish his great volume by subscription, and is this introduction only by way of Specimen ? I was inclined to think fo, because, in the prefixed letter to Mr Churchill, which introduces this introduction, there are some dubious expressions. “ The advertisements he published were in order to Vol. VII.

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+ My Lord is coming, my Lord is coming,

“ move people to furnish him with materials, which “ might help him to finish his work with great advantage." If he means half a guinea upon the subscripti. on, and the other half at the delivery, why doth he not tell us so in plain terms ?

I am wondering how it came to pass, that this diminutive letter to Mr Churchill should understand the bue finess of intraducing better than the introduction itself, or why the Bishop did not take it into his head to send the former into the world fome months before the latter; which would have been yet a greater improve. ment upon the folemnity of the procession.

SINCE I writ these last lines, I have perused the whole pamphlet, (which I had only dipped in before,) and found I have been hurting upon a wrong fcent; for the author hath, in several parts of his piece, discovered the true motives which put him upon fending it abroad at this juncture. I shall therefore consider them as they come in my way.

My Lord begins his introduction with an account of the reasons why he was guilty of so many mistakes in the first volume of his bistory of the reformation. His ex. cuses are just, rational, and extremely consistent. He says, he wrote in hafte; which he confirms, by adding, " that it lay a year after he wrote it before it

was put into the press." At the same time he mentions a passage extremely to the honour of that pious and excellent prelate Archbishop Sancroft, which de. monstrates his Grace to have been a person of great

fa. gacity, and almost a prophet. "Dr Burnet, then a pri

vale divine, defired admittance to the Cotton lie brary, but was prevented by the Archbishop * ; who

16 told * It is somewliat remarkable to see the progress of this story, In the first edition of this introdu&tion, it should feem he was P-R E“VENTED by the Archbishop; " ci When the introduftion' was reprinted a year after with the history, it stands: " A GREAT PRE: “ La Te had been before-band, and poffeffed him (Sir John Cotton

against me.--That unless the Archbishop of Canterbury would " recommend me, -he desired to be excused. --The Bishop of es Worcester could not prevail on the Archbishop to INTERPOSE." This is somewhat less than PREVENTING; unless the Archbishop be meant by the GREAT PRELATE; which is not very probable

, 1. Because,

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