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the Englishman throws out in any of his politic papers, and apply them to those persons “ who call good evil, “ and evil good;" to those who cry without cause, “ Every man to his tent, o Ifrael!" and to those who “ curse the Queen in their hearts !”

These decent words, he tells us, make up a " lively

description of fuch pastors, as will not study contro.. versy, nor know the depths of Satan.” He means, I suppose, the controverfy between us and the Papifts : for as to the Freethinkers and Dislenters of every denomination, they are some of the best friends to the cause. Now, I have been told, there is a body of that kind of controversy published by the London divines, which is not to be matched in the world. I believe likewise, there is a good number of the clergy at present thoroughly versed in that study. After which I cannot but give my judgment, that it would be a very idle thing for pastors in general to busy themselves much in dilputes against Popery; it being a dry, lieavy employment of the mind at belt, especially when, God be thanked, there is so little occasion for it in the generality of parithes throughout the kingdom, and must be daily leís and less by the just severity of the laws, and the utter aversion of our people from that idolatrous superstition.

IF I might be so bold to name those who have the honour to be of his Lordihip's party, I would venture to tell him, that paftors have much more occasion to study controverfies against the several claffes of Frecthinkers and Dissenters ; the former (I beg his Lordship’s pardon for saying so) being a little worse than Papifts, and both of them more dangerous at present to our constitution both in church and state. Not that I think Presbytery fo cor, rupt a system of Christian religion as Popery ; I believe it is not above one third as bad: but I think the Presbyterians, and their clans of other fanatics, of Freethinkers and Atheists that dangle after them, are as well inclined to pull down the present establishment of monarchy and religion, as any fet of Papists in Christendom and therefore that our danger, as things now itand, is infinitely greater from our Protestant enemies; because they are much more able to ruin us, and full as willing. There is no doubt, but Presbytery and a com


monwealth are less formidable evils than Popery, Slavery, and the Pretender : for if the Fanatics were in power, I hould be in more apprehension of being starved than burned. But there are probably in England forty Dissenters of all kinds, including their brethren the Freethinkers, for one Papist; and allowing one Papift to be as terrible as three Diffenters, it will appear by arithmetic, that we are thirteen times and one third more in danger of being ruined by the latter than the former.

The other qualification necessary for all paftors, if they will not be blind, ignorant, greedy, drunken dogs, &c. is to know the depths of Satan. This is harder than the former; that a poor gentleman ought not to be parson, vicar, or curate of a parish, except he be cunninger than the devil. I am afraid it will be difficult to remedy this defect, for one manifest reason, because whoever had only half the cunning of the devil, would never take

up with a vicarage of ten pounds a-year, to live on at his ease, as my Lord expresseth it; but seek out for fome better livelihood. His Lordship is of a nation very much diftinguished for that quality of cunning, (altho' they have a great many better,) and I think he. was never accused for wanting his share. However, apon a trial of skill, I would venture to lay fix to four on the devil's fide, who must be allowed to be at least the older practitioner. Telling truth fhames him. and refiftance makes him fly; but to attempt outwitting him, is to fight him at his own weapon, and consequently no cunning at all. Another thing I would observe, is, that a man may be in the depths of Satan, without knowing them all; and such a man may be so far in Satan's -depths, as to be out of his own. One of the depths of Satan is, to counter feit an Angel of light. Another, I believe, is to stir up the people against their governors, by false suggestions of danger. A third is, to be a prompter to false brethren, and to send wolves about in Sheeps cleatbing, Sometimes he fends Jesuits about England in the habit and cant of Fanatics ; at other times he hath Fanatic miffionaries in the habits of I shall mention but one more of Satan's depths, for I confels I know not the hundredth part of them ; and that is, to employ his emissaries in crying out against remote


imaginary dangers, by which we may be taken off from defending ourselves against thofe which are really just at Our elbows.

But his Lordship draws towards a conclusion, and bids us. “ look about, to consider the danger we are in “ before it is too late ;' for he assures us, we are already " going into fome of the worst parts of Popery." Like the man, who was so much in haste for his new coat, that he put it on the wrong side out. " Auricu. lar confession, priestly absolution, and the sacrifice of “ the mass," have made great progress in England, and no body hạth observed it; feveral other Popish points “ are carried higher with us than by the priests them“ felves :" and somebody, it seems, had the “impu“ dence to propose an union with the Gallican church.” I have indeed heard, that Mr Leslie published a discourse to that purpose, which I have never seen ; nor do I perceive the evil in proposing an union between any two churches in Christendom.. Without doubt, Mr Leslie is most unhappily misled in his politics ; but if he be the author of the late tract against Popery *, he hath given the world such a proof of his foundness in religion, as many a Bishop ought to be proud of. I never saw the gentleman in my life. I know he is the son of a great and excellent prelate, who, upon several accounts, was one of the most extraordinary men of his age. Mr Leslie hath written many useful discourses upon several subjects; and hath so well deserved of the Christian religion, and the church of England in particular, that to accuse him of impudence for propofing an union in two very different faiths, is a style which I hope few will imitate. I deteft Mr Leslie's political principles as much as his Lordship can do for his heart; but I verily believe he ac's from a mistaken conscience, and therefore I diftinguish between the principles and the person. However, it is some mortification to me, when I see an avowed nonjuror contribute more to the con. founding of Popery, than could ever be done by a hundred thousand such introductions as this. His Lordship ends with discovering a small ray of

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comfort. • God be thanked, there are many among

us that stand upon the watch-tower, and that give “ faithful warning; that stand in the breach, and

make themselves a wall for their church and country ;

that cry to God day and night, and lie in the “ duft mourning before him, to avert those judgments « that seem to haften toward us.

They search into o the mystery of iniquity that is working among us, “ and acquaint themselves with that mass of corruption “ that is in Popery.” He prays,

" that the number “ of these may increase, and that he may be of that “ number, ready either to die in peace, or to seal that “ doctrine be hath been preaching above fifty years with “ his blood.” This being his last paragraph, 1 have made bold to transcribe the most important parts of it. His design is to end after the manner of orators, with leaving the strongest impression possible upon the minds of his hearers. A great breach is made, the mystery of Popijh iniquity is working among us; may God avert thofe judgments that ure hastening towards us! I am an old man, a preacher, above fifty years; and I now expect, and am ready to die a martyr for the doctrines I have preached. What an amiable idea doth he here leave upon our minds of her Majesty and her government! He hath been poring so long upon Fox's book of martyrs, that he imagines himself living in the reign of Queen Mary, and is resolved to set up for a knight-errant against Popery. Upon the fuppofition of his being in earneft, (which I am sure he is not), it would require but a very little more heat of imagination to make a history of such a knight's adventures. What would he say to behold the “ fires kindled in Smithfield, and all over the “ town,” on the 17th of November; to behold the Pope borne in triumph on the shoulders of the people, with a “ Cardinal on the one side, and the Pretender on the other?" He would never believe it was Queen Elisabeth's day, but that of her persecuting fister. In short, how easily might a windmill be taken for the whore of Babylon, and a puppet-show for a Popith proceffion?

BUT enthusiasm is none of his Lord hip's faculty. I am inclined to believe, he might be melancholy enough when he writ this introduction. The despair at his age


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of seeing a faction restored, to which he hath facrificed so great a part of his life; the little success he can hope for in case he should resume those high-church principles, in defence of which he first employed his pen; no visible expectation of removing to Farnham or Lambeth ; and, lastly, the misfortune of being hated by every one, who either wears the habit, or values the profession of a clergyman: no wonder such a spirit, in such a situation, is provoked beyond the regards of truth, decency, religion, or felf-conviction. To do him justice, he seems to have nothing else left, but to cry out, Halters, gibbets, faggots, inquisition, Popery. slavery, and the pretender. But, in the mean time, he little confiders what a world of mischief he doth to his cause. It is very convenient for the prefent designs of that faction, to spread the opinion of our immediate danger from Popery and the pretender. His directors therefore ought, in my humble opinion, to have employed his Lordship in publishing a book, wherein he ihould have affirmned, by the most folemn asseverations, that all things were safe and well: for the world hath contracted fo strong a habit of believing him backwards, that I am confident, nine parts in ten of those who have read or heard of his introduction, have slept in greater security ever since. It is like the melancholy tone of a watchman at midnight, who thumps with his pole as if some thief were breaking in ; but you know by the noise that the door is fast.

However, he thanks God there are many among us who fand in the breach. I believe they may : it is a breach of their own making; and they design to come forward, and storm, and plunder, if they be not driven back. They make themselves a wall for their church and country. A fouth wall, I suppose, for all the best fruit of the church and country to be nailed on. Let us examine this metaphor. The wall of our church and country is built of those who love the constitution in both. Our domestic enemies undermine some parts of the wall, and place themselves in the brcacb, and then they cry, We are the wall. We do not like such patch-work; they build with untempered mortar: nor can they ever cement with us, till they get better materials, and better work

God keep us from having our breaches made up Vol. VII.




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