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resolved to seize upon the whole pe- by cherishing, wherever it may be ninsula, and to establish in it a go- found, but particularly in the peninvernment of his own. He may have sula, the spirit of resistance to the been prompted to this partly by his usurpations of France. If we have hatred to the Bourbon race, partly saved the navy of Portugal ; if we by the cravings of an insatiable am- have saved the Spanish ships at Ferbition, partly by the vain desire of rol; if we have enabled the Portu. spreading his dynasty over Europe, gueze government to emigrate to partly by mere vanity: His main ob- their colonies ; if we have succeeded ject was, that he might wield with in yet securing the naval and coloninew vigour the naval and colonial re. al resources both of Portugal and sources of Spain, to the detriment Spain ; how have these important of Great Britain. This alone could objects been achieved but by fomentsuit the vastness of his designs ; this ing in both these kingdoms a spirit alone could promise to gratify his of resistance to the overwhelming mortal hatred of the British name. ambition of Buonaparte ? To this By the entire subjugation of the pen end must
all our efforts be now dininsula, and the full possession of its rected. This is the only engine various resources, he koew that he which now remains for us to work in should be best enabled to sap the fun. opposition to Buonaparte's gigantic damental security of these kingdoms. designs. Therefore, how highly important was “Why then should we depart from it to keep alive in Spain a spirit of that salutary line of policy? what is resistance to France ! There were no there to dissuade or discourage us means, however unprincipled, which from adhering to it? I can discover Buonaparte would scruple to employ nothing in the aspect of Spanish affor the attainment of his ends. To fairs that wears any thing like the him force and fraud were alike, hue and complexion of despair. If, force, that would stoop to all the base indeed, it had appeared that this artifices of fraud,fraud, that would spirit began to languish in the breast come armed with all the fierce, vio- of the patriotic Spaniards, if miscarlence of force. Every thing which riages, disasters, and defeats had been the head of such a man could con. observed to damp the ardour and trise, or the arm execute, would be break down the energies of the Spacombined and concentrated into one nish mind, then might it be believed vast effort, and that effort would be that further assistance to the Spanish strained for the humiliation and de- cause would prove unavailing. But, struction of this country. Universal fortunately for this country, not only dominion is, and will continue to be, is there life still in Spain, but her pathe aim of all French governments ; triotic heart still continues to beat but it is pre-eminently the object to high : The generous and exalted senwhich such a mind as Buonaparte's timent, which first prompted us to will aspire. England alone stands lend our aid to the cause of Spain, in the way of the accomplishment of should therefore be still maintained that design, and England he has in full force, and should still inspi. therefore resolved to strike down and rit us to continue that aid to the extirpate. How then were these da- last moment of her resistance.-The ring projects to be met? How, but struggle in which Spain is now engaged is not merely a Spanish struggle. he said, “ who disapproved of our inNo, my lords, in that struggle are terposing at all in the cause of Spain, committed the best, the very vital in- and those who were interested in the terests of England. With the fate success of that cause, must equally of Spain the fate of England is now condemn the course which ministers inseparably blended. Should we not had taken. If indeed there was any therefore stand by her to the last ? difference, it must be on the part of For my part, my lords, as an adviser the friends of Spain, who must feel of the crown, I shall not cease to re- peculiarly mortified by the disapcommend to my sovereign to conti- pointment of their wishes, through nue to assist Spain to the latest mo. the misjudging policy of those minisment of her resistance. It should ters: he was one of those so morti. not dishearten us that Spain appears fied, for no event had ever excited a to be in the very crisis of her fate ; more lively interest in his mind, not we should on the contrary, extend a even the dawn of the French revolumore anxious care over her at a mo- tion. He condemned ministers for ment so critical. For in nations, and having sent out Mr Stuart and Mr above all in Spain, how often have Frere without any adequate instruc. the apparent symptoms of dissolution tions, particularly with regard to that been the presages
of new life, and most important point, the arrangeof renovated vigour? Therefore, I ment of a system for conciliating the would cling to Spain in her last strug- minds of the Spanish people, by a gle ; therefore, I would watch her last redress of their grievances, and a reagonies, I would wash and heal her storation of their rights. He conwounds, I would receive her parting demned them also for neither having breath, I would catch and cherish sent out a sufficient force, nor given the last vital spark of her expiring proper instructions or adequate propatriotism. Nor let this be deemed
vision to that force which they did å mere office of pious charity ; nor send. He dwelt upon the imporan exaggerated representation of my tance of supporting Spain to the utfeelings; nor an overcharged picture most, pointing out the perilous faci. of the circumstances that call them lities for the invasion of Ireland which forth. In the cause of Spain, the cause Cadiz and Lisbon would afford to of honour and of interest is equally the French, if those ports were suf. involved and inseparably allied. It
It fered to fall into their hands. And is a cause in favour of which the finest if, after all her efforts, Spain should feelings of the heart unite with the ultimately be subdued, his advice to soundest dictates of the understand. this country respecting the Spanish
colonies was, that it should promote Earl Moira and Lord Sidmouth the establishment of such a system of concurred with the Marquis of Lans. government there, as good statesmen down, in condemning ministers for could alone approve in any country; the manner in which they had conduct- a system founded upon the opinions ed the war in Spain, yet still express- and wishes of the people.” Thirtying hope for the issue. Lord Holland three peers voted for the motion of spoke to the same purport. “Those,” censure, sixty-five negatived it.
Lord Porchester's Motion for an Inquiry into the Walcheren Erpedition.
John Gale Jones committed to Newgate. Lord Chatham's Memorial.
In the debates upon the affairs of important scene of operations : the Spain ministers were completely tri- effects of that fatal error were to a umphant. Some of their opponents certain extent irremediable ; but no accused them of having done too subsequent attempt was made, and the much, others of having done too lit. French were suffered to take fortress tle, and some would fain have per- after fortress, without an effort on suaded the people of Great Britain, our part to relieve them. Still the that their brethren had obtained no conduct of administration toward victory at Talavera. The charge Spain was far more worthy of comwhich was brought against them of mendation than of censure,—it had having taken no measures for concili- been brave and generous: our own ating the Spanish people, by obtain- safety and the welfare of mankind ing for them a restoration of those were deeply at stake ; but while we political rights which had been so had every motive of policy for assist. long withheld, was abundantly dis- ing the Spaniards in their struggle, the proved by the papers laid before par- assistance was given in a manner wor. liament. There it appeared that Mrthy of the noble people who gave, and Stuart, Mr Frere, and Marquis Wel. of the noble people who received it. lesley, had each of them pressed The result of
upon upon the existing government the this subject was anticipated by the necessity of convoking the cortes. public ; they, in spite of the efforts The great error which the ministry of a few factious news-writers, and had committed, was in their almost of the journalists, who told us, with a total neglect of Catalonia. In the want of feeling more disgraceful even commencement of the struggle this than their want of foresight, that the fault was not imputable to them, but Spaniards had * “ only a little hour to the general, who, upon his own to strut and fret,” continued to feel responsibility, disobeyed his instruc. concerning Spain like freemen and tions to convey his army to that most like Englishmen. What might be
the issue of the inquiry concerning say, that it ought to be intrusted to the Walcheren expedition, no man an intelligent commander-to one could foresee ; the ministers evidently who possessed the confidence of the looked to it with apprehension, their army-to one experienced in modern antagonists with eagerness and with warfare, as this was not the time for hope, and the people with anxious making hazardous experiments. But, solicitude ; for, condemning as they abortive and impracticable as the did that lamentable measure, none of plan was, I should have thought it a its unhappy effects appeared so mis- pity to have the character of an offichievous as the victory which it might cer of that description exposed to afford to opposition, and their con- sacrifice, by rendering him responsisequent return to power. In the first ble for the success of a measure which
week of the session, Lord it would be impossible for such a Jan. 26. Porchester moved for the man to comprehend or execute. No,
appointment of a commit. Lord Chatham was the fittest man tee, to inquire into the policy and for the station. This ill-fated expedi. conduct of this expedition, “ not a tion was the favourite bantling of miselect or secret committee,” he said, nisters. It required to be fostered by “before whom garbled extracts might parental partiality, for it could have be laid by ministers themselves, in or. no claim to rational attachment. Such der to produce a partial discussion, but an expedition could be understood by a committee of the whole house, when themselves alone, and one of themselves the house might have a fair case be- alone was fit to command it. If ever fore them, because they could exa- there was a time when inquiry was mine oral evidence at the bar. The necessary to satisfy the wishes of the object which he proposed, was to public, to consult the safety of the put his majesty's ministers upon their country, it is at present ; at this motrial. Was a measure so productive ment, which may be well considered of calamity, so pregnant with disas- the most awful crisis that ever susters, to escape inquiry, or were its pended the destinies of a mighty emauthors to escape punishment? Hedid pire-a crisis rendered more alarming not blame the choice of a command. by the sentiment that universally and er. Although Lord Chatham was not justly prevails, with regard to those one of those officers whom Fame had to whom the administration of our noticed among her list of heroes-al. government is committed. In these though he was not one of those who men the country has no confidence “ in camps and tented fields had whatever : the country can have no bled"-although he was much more confidence whatever. They are fal. familiar with the gaieties of London len to the lowest ebb in public estior the business of office, than with mation.” the annals of military experience or The previous question was moved glory-yet he did not complain of by Mr Croker, and supported by Mr the appointment of such an officer to Perceval, on the ground that “the pa. command such an expedition. He pers upon this subject, which had was, in fact, the most appropriate per. been promised by his majesty, would son that could be chosen. Had it in- be laid before the house in three deed been a wisely-planned expedi days, and they would then have the tion," said Lord Porchester,“ I should means of judging whether any, or
what species of inquiry was necessa- 'leagues have drawn of themselves. ry. Why institute an inquiry, when What need was there that genius they might have the necessary infor- should confound what unequalled igmation before an inquiry could pos- norance had devised? What needed sibly be set on foot ? The reason of our enemy to interpose his great this indecent precipitancy was, that power, or his greater abilities, when it was not inquiry for which they con- he had our ministers for auxiliaries ? tended, but the removal of ministers.” Why array the highest talents, to opBut the sense of the house, as well as pose the efforts of incapacity the most the temper of the people, was against evident—to frustrate the councils them. The necessity of not even ap- of insufficiency the most degrading? pearing to baffle or delay investiga. Behold at the head of the nation's tion, was urged by Mr Bathurst and councils a minister, who, knowing Mr Wilberforce. Sir William Cure that after this intrigue for months tis rose to give his assent and sup. had terminated in an agreement to port to the motion. General Gros- remove a colleague from an active venor demanded inquiry in the name and efficient situation in the cabinet, of the army, and Sir Home Popham under the alledged imputation of his in that of the navy; and the passions incapacity to discharge the functions of the house were appealed to in eve- of office, yet still suffered him, though ry way by an opposition which knew thus pronounced incapable, to retain its own strength and the strength of for months his office of war secretary, the case.
“ The enemy," said Mr upon no other ground save that he Ponsonby, “ has told us that it was could not reconcile the communicą. the genius of France conducted the tion to his feelings. Where were his British armies to Walcheren in the feelings for the people of England? late expedition. But no! It was Where were they for the liberties of not the genius of France, it was the Europe, whilst he suffered an incademon of England, nurtured into ma. pable minister to remain in office? lignant influence by the base dissen- Where did the feelings of the right sions and unprincipled cabals of a honourable gentleman slumber, when weak, divided, insincere, and incapa- the best blood of the empire was left ble administration-an administration to putrify in the poisonous air of ill thought of by all, suspected by Walcheren, there, amidst pestilence themselves, and despised by the coun- and death to linger, and to perish, in try; an administration, a constituent order to afford a colourable pretext member of which was engaged in a to the noble lord for retaining office low and unmanly conspiracy to expel until the minister of England could from his station another constituent reconcile to his feelings the commumember of it ; an administration, at nication of Lord Castlereagh's acthe head of which now stands this mi- knowledged incapacity ?” nister, who, though an intrigue of this Mr Windham, abstaining from any base, ungenerous and unmixed quali- of these personal invectives, dwelt ty, was in progress for months, has wholly upon the point in debate. been obliged in this house to offer up “. The vote," he said, “ought to be in his own defence, that he was inno- carried by acclamation ; it would be cent, because he was ignorant! This a reproach for ever to the character is the picture which he and his col. of parliament, if it suffered its atten