The Oxford Handbook of Political Leadership
Political leadership has made a comeback. It was studied intensively not only by political scientists but also by political sociologists and psychologists, Sovietologists, political anthropologists, and by scholars in comparative and development studies from the 1940s to the 1970s. Thereafter, the field lost its way with the rise of structuralism, neo-institutionalism, and rational choice approaches to the study of politics, government, and governance. Recently, however, students of politics have returned to studying the role of individual leaders and the exercise of leadership to explain political outcomes. The list of topics is nigh endless: elections, conflict management, public policy, government popularity, development, governance networks, and regional integration. In the media age, leaders are presented and stage-managed—spun—as the solution to almost every social problem. Through the mass media and the Internet, citizens and professional observers follow the rise, impact, and fall of senior political officeholders at closer quarters than ever before. This Handbook encapsulates the resurgence by asking, where are we today? It orders the multidisciplinary field by identifying the distinct and distinctive contributions of the disciplines. It meets the urgent need to take stock. It brings together scholars from around the world, encouraging a comparative perspective, to provide a comprehensive coverage of all the major disciplines, methods, and regions. It showcases both the normative and empirical traditions in political leadership studies, and juxtaposes behavioural, institutional, and interpretive approaches. It covers formal, office-based as well as informal, emergent political leadership, and in both democratic and undemocratic polities.
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1 Puzzles of Political Leadership
traditions and disciplines
analytical and methodological perspectives
Part III Political leadership at work
Part IV Executive leadership in the West
Part V Political leadership below and beyond the national level
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actors African American Political analysis approach argued authority Barack Obama Basingstoke behaviour biography cabinet Cabinet Government Cambridge University Press chapter charismatic coalition complex concept Confucians consensus democracy constitutional context countries crisis cultural debate decision-making decisions deliberative democracy democracy democratic effective elected electoral Elgie elite ership European example executive focus focused gender Groupthink Hart Hugo Chávez important individual influence institutional International issues lead leadership studies leadership style London Mao Zedong networks Obama observation organization organizational Oxford University Press Palgrave parliamentary party Patapan perspective political leaders political leadership Political Psychology Political Science politicians populist position post-communist president presidential prime ministers Princeton Princeton University problem Public Administration regime regional relations relationship Rhodes role Sage scholars semi-presidential systems semi-presidentialism social society structure study of political theory tion Tony Blair tradition understanding voters women Xunzi York