To the University at Cambridge, and Encouragement

of Literature, Sc.



Article 1. Whereas our wise and pious ancestors, so early as the year one thousand six hundred and thirty-six, aid the foundation of Harvard college, in which university many persons of great eminence have, by the blessing of God, been initiated into those arts and sciences which qualified them for public employments both in church and state : and whereas the encouragement of arts and sciences, and all good literature, tends to the honor of God, the advantage of the Christian religion, and the great benefit of this and the other United States of America, it is declared that the president and fellows of Harvard college in their corporate capacity, and their successors in that capacity, their officers and servants, shall have, hold, use, exercise, and joy, all the powers, authorities, rights, liberties, privileges, immunities, and franchises, which they now have, or are entitled to have, hold, use, exercise, and enjoy : and the same are hereby ratified and confirmed unto them, the said president, and fellows of Harvard college, and to their successors, and to their officers and servants, respectively, for ever.

2. And whereas there have been, at sundry times, by divers persons, gifts, grants, devises of houses, lands, tenements, goods, chattels, legacies, and conveyances, heretofore made, either to Harvard college, in Cambridge, in New England, or to the president and fellows of Harvard college, or to the said college, by some other description, under several charges successively-it is declared, that all the said gifts, grants, devises, legacies, and conveyances, are hereby for ever confirmed unto the president and fellows of Harvard college, and to their successors in the capacity aforesaid, according to the true intent and meaning of the donor or donors, grantor and grantors, devisor or devisors.

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3. And whereas, by an act of the general court of the colony of Massachusetts Bay, passed in the year one thousand six hundred and forty-two, the Governor, and deputy-Governor, for the time being, and all the magistrates of that jurisdiction, were, with the president and a num ber of the clergy in the said act described, constituted the overseers of Harvard college: and it being necessary in this new constitution of government, to ascertain who shall be deemed successors to the said Governor, deputyGovernor,and magistrates, it is declared that the Governor, Lieutenant-Governor, Council, and Senate of this commonwealth, are and shall be deemed their successors : who, with the president of Harvard college, for the time being, together with the ministers of the congregational churches in the towns of Cambridge, Watertown, Charlestown, Boston, Roxbury, and Dorchester, mentioned in the said act, shall be, and hereby are, vested with all the powers and authority belonging, or in any way appertaining to the overseers of Harvard college : provided, that nothing herein shail be construed to prevent the legislature of this commonwealth from making such alterations in the government of the said university as shall be conducive to its advantage, and the interest of the republic of letters in as full a manner as might have been done by the legis lature of the late province of the Massachusetts Bay.


Section 2.-The Encouragement of Literature. Wisdom and knowledge, as well as virtue, diffused generally among the body of the people, being necessary for the preservation of their rights and liberties, and as these depend on spreading the opportunities and advantages of education in the various parts of thc country, and among the different orders of the people, it shall be the duty of the legislatures and magistrates, in all future periods of this commonwealth, to cherish the interest of literature and the sciences, and all seminaries of them: especially the university at Cambridge, public schools, and grammar schools in the towns; to encourage private societies and

public institutions, by rewards and immunities for the promotion of agriculture, arts, sciences, commerce, trades, manufactures, and a natural history of the country ; to countenance and inculcate the principles of humanity and general benevolence, public and private charity, industry and frugality, honesty and punctuality in their dealings sincerity, good humor, and all social affections and gene rous sentiments among the people.


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Oaths and subscriptions ; incompatibility of, and exclusion from,

offices ; pecuniary qualifications ; commissions ; writs ; confirma. tion of laws ; habeas corpus; the enacting style ; continuancı of officers ; provision for a future revisal of the Constitution, &c.

Article 1. Any person chosen Governor, or Lieutenant-Governor, counsellors, senator, or representative, and accepting the trust, shall, before he proceed to execute the duties of his place or office, take, make, and subscribe the following declaration, viz. : “I, A. B., do declare that I believe the Christian reli

gion, and have a firm persuasion of its truth; and that I am seized and possessed, in my own right, of the property required by the Constitution, as one qualification for the office or place to which I am

elected." And the Governor, Lieutenant-Governor, and counsellors, shall make and subscribe the said declaration in the presence of the two Houses of Assembly ; and the senators and representatives first elected under this Constitution, before the president and five of the council of the former Constitution ; and, for ever afterwards, before the Governor and council for the time being.

And every person chosen to either of the ; laces or offices aforesaid, as also any person appointed or commissioned to any judicial, executive, military, or other office, under the government, shall, before he enter on the discharge of the business of his place or office, take and subscribe the following declaration and oaths, or affirma. tions, viz. :


«I, A. B., do truly and sincerely acknowledge, pro

fess, testify, and declare, that the commonwealth of Massachusetts is, and of right ought to be, a free, sovereign, and independent state ; and I do swear that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the said commonwealth, and I will defend the same against traitorous conspiracies, and all hostile attempts whatsoever: and that I do renounce and abjure all allegiance, subjection, and obedience to the king, queen, or government of Great Britain, as the case may be, and every foreign power whatsoever : and that no foreign prince, person, prelate, state, or potentate, hath, or ought to have, any jurisdiction, superiority, pre-eminence, authority, dispensing or other power, in any matter, civil, ecclesiastical, or spiritual, within this commonwealth, except the authority and power which is or may be vested by their constituents in the Congress of the United States : And I do further testify and declare, that no man or body of men hath or can have any right to absolve or discharge me from the obligation of this oath, declara. tion, or affirmation; and that I do make this acknowledgment, profession, testimony, declaration, denial renunciation, and abjuration heartily and truly, ac cording to the common meaning and acceptation of the foregoing words, without any equivocation, men. tal evasion, or secret reservation whatsoever. So

help me God.
“I, A. B., do solemnly swear and affirm, that I will

faithfully and impartially discharge and perform all
the duties incumbent on me as-

ing to the best of my abilities and understanding,
agreeably to the rules and regulations of the Consti-
tution, and the laws of this commonwealth.

So help me God.Provided always, that when any person chosen or appointed as aforesaid shall be of the denomination of the people called Quakers, and shall decline taking the said oaths, he shall make his affirmation, in the foregoing form, and subscribe the same, omitting the words, “I do swear," "and abjure," " oath," "and abjuration," in


the first oath ; and in the second oath, the words “ and," and in each of them the words “80 help me God;" subjoining instead thereof, “ This I do under the pains and penalties of perjury."

And in the said oaths or affirmations shall be taken and subscribed by the Governor, Lieutenant-Governor, and counsellors, before the president of the Senate, in the pre.sence of two Houses of Assembly: and by the senators and representatives first elected under this Constitution, before the president and five of the council of the former Constitution; and, for ever afterwards, before the Governor and Council for the time being; and by the residue of the officers aforesaid, before such persons as, from time to time, shall be prescribed by the legislature.

2. No Governor, Lieutenant-Governor, or judge of the supreme judicial court, shall hold any office or place under the authority of this commonwealth, except such as by this Constitution they are admitted to hold, saving that the judges of the said court may hold the offices of justices of the peace throughout the State ; nor shall they hold any other place or office, or receive any pension or salary, from any other State, or Government, or power whatever.

No person shall be capable of holding or exercising, at the same time, more than one of the following offices within this State, viz.: judge of probate, sheriff, register of probate, or register of deeds : and never more than any two offices, which are to be held by appointment of the Governor, or the Governor and council, or the Senate, or the House of Representatives, or by election of the people of the State at large, or of the people of any county, (military officer and the office of justice of the peace excepted,) shall be held by one person.

No person holding the office of judge of the supreme judi cial court, secretary, attorney-general, solicitor-general, treasurer, or receiver-general, judge of probate, commissa ry-general, president, professor, or instructor of Harvard college, sheriff, clerk of the House of Representatives, re. gister of probate, register of deeds, clerk of the supreme ju dicial court, clerk of the inferior court of common pleas, or officer of the customs, (including in this description naval

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